St. Louis; and Her Means of Advancement and Wealth.
FREEMAN HUNT, Esq., Editor of the Merchants' Magazine, etc.
To tell of the greatness and growth of cities, and, at the same time, to furnish proofs in detail, so as to satisfy the most skeptical reader, are characteristic merits of a journal so much relied on as yours. To send therefore a document just published by the editors of the Missouri Republican,, accompanied by a few remarks in a general way upon subjects not treated of in it, so that from the whole you may be enabled to draw correct conclusions as to what St. Louis has been engaged in during the past year, may not br unacceptable to you.
This "Annual Report," so ably and correctly prepared by Messrs. Chambers & Knapp, speaks alone of the "Commerce of St. Louis in 1851", and, confining itself strictly to the subject, notes without comment the arrival at this port during the year, of no less than twenty-live hundred steamboat cargoes, all discharged here — of the payment by our merchants to the Government, of nearly three hundred thousand dollars in duties collected at the custom-house here, upon direct importations from Europe and the West Indies; and besides other statistics of interest, giving us a list of home imports, the aggregate value of which may safely be estimated at from twelve to fifteen millions of dollars.
The commercial growth of St Louis is far from being all that she may be proud of — manufactures, the mechanic arts, agriculture, and last, though not least, internal improvements, are each receiving the attention and giving employment to numbers of her citizens, as well as affording a large return upon the capital invested in them.
Already a population of nearly one hundred thousand find comfort, independence, and wealth here; and yet the riches of this region — its inexhaustible fertility of soil and boundless mineral resources, are comparatively untouched.
St. Louis combines and possesses more elements of true and lasting greatness than any other city of her age in ancient or modern times, and her people are fully capable of and actively engaged in developing her wonderful resources. In a circuit of less than ninety miles around the city, confined to that part within the State of Missouri, she can procure sufficient iron, coal, lead, and probably copper, to supply the wants of the Union for ages. These are no random assertions, but truths, well known here and acted upon. Had they been better known abroad, then the capital, the labor, and life that have been wasted in far-off lands might have found a certain, large, and fitting reward much nearer home.
If we could but cast from our minds the delusive yet enchanting visions that distance and imagination lend to remote scenes of enterprise, and look at the boundless wealth that Providence has here placed within our reach-did we but use a tithe of the energy and means to obtain it that we devote to questionable undertakings and rash schemes, how little would we have complain of fortune.
In illustration of my remarks relative to the immediate resources of St.
307Louis, I know of no one whose authority would sooner be relied on, or whose language is more to the point, than those of the Hon. Lewis F. Levin late Senator in Congress from Missouri. In a letter addressed by him to the chairman of the Committee on Commerce, he says: —
"It will be found in a report made the year 1835 by the United States Geologist that in a certain location in Washington County, Missouri, (less than ninety miles from St. Louis,) a micaceous oxyd of iron is found, yielding at least seventy-five percent of the purest and finest iron, of an indefinite amount. It exists in the form of a vein, at least 500 feet broad from east to west, and in the other direction 1,900 feet, when it disappears from the superficial soil. It reappears, however, in parts of the adjacent country, and always in connection with the scientific chain of hills that rise in an isolated position amid the galiniferous secondary limestone, where the lead mines are worked.
"This vein may be said to enlarge on the eastern side, and, strictly speaking, extends upwards of 3,000 feet; but the character, there, is less metallic. The formation, however, is very ponderously impregnated with metal, most of which yields 50 percent of very superior iron; and it is probable, judging from analogy which experience has established, that this vein becomes richer as it descends many thousand yards toward the interior crusts of the earth. This ferruginous deposit must be of great antiquity, for upon an examination of the adjacent country, immense deposits of the oxyd of iron, of a productive and valuable quality, are found in a countless number of localities together with rich bog ore.
"The superficial contents of the great vein of what is emphatically called the ‘Iron Mountain,’ and which is situated near the sources of the St. Francois river, would, it could easily be shown, justify heavy expenditures to open communication to these ferruginous deposits. But when we add to them the subterranean contents, which most certainly exist at depths equal to any mines that have been worked in any part of the world, and which most probably descend much lower than any generation of man we can look to will follow, we are compelled to use the term indefinite when we speak of their contents, and most confidently assert that this part of North America will one day be as celebrated for its iron mines as Sweden now is."
These are truths that our railroads will soon enable each one to verify in less than four hours from the time he leaves St. Louis, while at the same time he will perceive that not only this mountain of iron, but a still larger one in the vicinity, called the "Pilot Knob," are no longer the wondrous monuments unnoticed save in the descriptions of travelers, but now the great central points for Vulcan's fires and forges to act upon — making rich our citizens now engaged there, and destined to enrich thousands of others.
"In the calcareo-silicious hills of the southern part of Missouri, lead is found everywhere, sometimes near the surface, while in other places rich veins are discovered, dipping profoundly into the bowels of the earth, amply rewarding the laborer for his trouble and expense in following them through caves and sinuosities in the rock.
"There are also many deposits of blend ore of zinc, of copper, cobalt, manganese, alum, sulphur, saltpetre, sulphate of iron, arsenic, sal-ammoniac in enormous masses, marbles of exquisite beauty, while crystals of radiated quartz, sulphate of barytes and of lime, glitter in the sunbeams over hill and valley. Over this extensive region Providence has scattered blessings with unbounded profusion, awaiting but the industry of man for their fullest developments."
In describing another part of the country adjacent, and still nearer to St. Louis — St. Genevieve county, famed for its lead mines and marble quarries — and again briefly referring to the iron region, I am fortunate in being able to use the language of other most respectable authorities — of A. Valle, Esq., and Dr. James H. Relfe, addressed by them in letters to the editor of the
308Gazetteer of the State of Missouri. The names of these gentlemen are a sufficient guaranty for the fidelity of the description. "The produce (of St. Genevieve county) is principally corn, wheat, oats, and tobacco. The climate is healthy. The greatest resources of this section of country are its minerals, which are found in great abundance; copper, lead, iron, salt, and zinc, and several other minerals unknown. I received ten thousand pounds of red copper, which I sold in New York, and have been informed that it was of excellent quality. The copper ore is abundant, and yields a good percent,"
"Lead ore is found from five to eight miles back from this place, and our lead mines are pronounced by English and German miners richer, easier worked, and at less expense, than the famed mines of Galena. I ship annually from this place three million pounds of lead." "There are quantities of beautiful white and variegated marble twelve miles back of this place, (St. Genevieve,) said to be nearly as handsome as the Italian marble. The quarry has been opened, but not worked. The ridge in which it was found is upwards of a mile in length, and is supposed to contain a solid bed. There are immense caves of white sand, resembling snow, within four miles of this place, of which large quantities are sent to Pittsburg and used in the manufacture of flint glass." "The valley of Bellevue must be considered as the center of the iron region of Missouri, affording productions of that mineral far surpassing, in quality and in quantity, any other portion of the globe now known. It is much to be regretted that the few mineralogists who have visited our section of the State have examined it so superficially, and been content to report our productions of lead, and noticed only the iron to be found at one of the sources of the St. Francois river, generally called the ‘Iron Mountain.’ That, to be sure, is a prodigy, and strikes the observer with astonishment. It is literally a mountain of magnetic iron, so pure in its quality as to yield from seventy to eighty per centum under the ordinary process for converting ore into malleable iron."
"There is much variety in the iron ore of this region. Occasionally masses are found in which a considerable portion of copper is blended, and I should think, frequently so rich with copper as to justify a process of separation. Five miles south of the mountain is a magnificent pyramid of the micaceous oxyd of iron. It rises abruptly at the head of the valley to an elevation of two hundred and fifty and three hundred feet; its base is a mile and a half in circumference; competent judges say it will yield eighty per cent. The immense quantity of rich ore which this country affords, renders it of no value to individual proprietors; for, believe me, there is more to be found on three or four townships of land than would supply the consumption of the United States for a thousand years, and this can be obtained without mining. The purity of the ore is such that any ingenious blacksmith can forge from it any article of cutlery, giving it a tine temper, after the manner ho would work a piece of steel."
The agricultural riches of Missouri, about to be developed by her great lines of railroad, and which are destined to make St. Louis the granary o the West, if they are not so marvelous as the minerals in regard to quantity, are yet equal to any to be found in the United States, whether we consider the depth and richness of the soil, its great and unsurpassed fertility, or the variety of its products.
If St. Louis during the last ten years has increased from a fraction over sixteen thousand inhabitants to a fraction under one hundred thousand, without the impulse of railroads, and notwithstanding a combination of calamities
309such as never before tried an American city, — what must be her progress, and what her population, during the next ten year when, independent of other causes of increase, she will have more railroads concentrating within her limits than Boston now has. To say that she will then have half a million of inhabitants, and be the third city in the Union in size, would be only receiving upon what the past and present is proving, and what the future indicates unerringly. The reader fond of statistics may learn that she duplicates her population every four years,
The people of this State have, decided for themselves what, under Providence, shall be their destiny. They have entered upon measures of public improvement whose vastness is only equaled by the wisdom which has planned them; and such is her solid wealth and credit, and the fixed purpose of her people, that they will certainly carry out what they have begun. She will not be stopped, either, by any failure on the part of Congress to do her justice in the application made by her for a fair share of the public lands but will push to completion her great railroads — "The Pacific," "The Hannibal and St. Joseph," "The St. Louis and North Missouri via. St. Charles," and, besides numerous smaller ones, the St. Louis and Ohio City railroad, by which she will connect herself with the Gulf of Mexico by the Mobile and Ohio railroad, connecting Mobile Bay with the mouth of the Ohio.
Knowing her own wealth, as well as the, activity and proverbial industry of her citizens, St. Louis views with no jealous eye the efforts made in the State of Illinois and elsewhere to carry out railroad enterprises, such as the Central railroad, from Chicago and Dubuque to Cairo, and the various cross lines that are being extended from the Lakes to the Mississippi — the latter, profitable as they may be to the parties interested, will yet mainly benefit St. Louis, by converting the thinly inhabited country through which they pass into populous and flourishing districts, connected with St, Louis by intersecting roads, whose people will resort to her to exchange their products for her manufactures of iron, glass and cotton, and for the various supplies which now reach her from the West Indies, from the South and the East — while the Central railroad, by developing a still greater region, comparatively unimproved, and, (to use the words of the Hon. Robert Rantoul, Jr.,) "sparsely settled," extending through Illinois from north to south, will, as it were, create and open to the trade of St. Louis a populous belt of country in front and to the right and left of her, the main road through which will be reached in less than two hours' time by her railroad to the East via Vincennes, to be commenced in February.
By virtue of railroad connections, St Louis will thus be made the immediate center of Commerce and Manufactures for no less than a million and a half of people — the population of Illinois being over nine hundred thousand, that of Missouri seven hundred thousand — while in ten years, without stretch of the imagination or deviation from the known laws of progression we may expect to see her with a population approaching half a million, and the acknowledged capital and exchange mart of four millions of people.
In accordance with our general custom, and in order to preserve the statistics
310of the Commerce of St. Louis, we present the readers of the Merchants' Magazine with a brief review of the markets for the past year, accompanying which are tables showing the monthly receipts of principal articles of import, a comparitive statement with previous years, the tonnage of the Port of St. Louis, &c. These tables have been compiled with great care to accuracy, and are strictly reliable.
Before entering into a review of each of the important staples of our trade we congratulate our readers that the Commerce of the Port of St. Louis, not withstanding the genera! suspension of business during the months of June and July, in consequence of the high water and inundation of principal shipping points upon the upper rivers, presents a degree of healthfulness truly ghratifying to every citizen having an interest in the rapid improvement which has been made in our commercial resources. Our import tables for the year 1851, will show, compared with the year 1850, a decrease in the receipts of several principal articles of trade; namely: flour, wheat, lead, &c., but an increase in the receipts of a majority of the products of the country tributary to this port.
With these remarks, we shall proceed briefly to review the principal articles of import and comparative prices during the year.
TOBACCO. The receipts of this important staple, exceed the receipts of last year 1,316 hhds. The market has been active throughout the year, and an improvement in prices for the better grades lias been manifested. The respective grades, however, have been superior to those of the previous year. In the following comparative statement, we give the prices for 1850, and a general view of the opening and closing prices for the past year. The various grades that are offered and prices obtained for inferior lugs to good shipping and manufactunng leaf, renders a general view of the comparative prices of each month, nominally speculative. The receipts during the year were 10,371 hhds., of which about 9,500 hhds. were inspected at the two warehouses of our city. About 500 hhds. are at present in store, 250 of which are in the hands of manufacturers and shippers.
|January||$2 00 a 5 50||January||No sales.|
|February||2 50 5 50||February||No sales.|
|March||..... .....||March||$3 00 a 12 00|
|April||..... .....||April||4 45 7 75|
|May||..... .....||May||3 00 12 00|
|June||3 00 a 12 00||June||4 15 13 20|
|July||..... .....||July||4 45 8 45|
|August||..... .....||August||5 50 10 50|
|September||..... .....||September||5 00 13 50|
|October||..... .....||October||5 45 9 35|
|November||..... .....||November||6 00 15 00|
|December||2 25 6 00||December||4 75 8 50|
HEMP. The receipts of this staple article during the last year, greatly exceed the receipts of any previous year since 1847, and exceed the receipts of the year 1850, by 4,504 bales. The market, throughout the year, has not been characterized by that firmness which was experienced in 1850, and although the qualities offered have been superior, the general average of prices shows a uniform decline. The stock in warehouse and upon the market at present is about 3,000 bales, in addition to which manufacturers have on hand about 1,200 bales. The market for the past month has been quiet, in consequence of the close of navigation and we quote as nominal closing rates, $78 a $92 per ton, for good to choice lots. The annexed statement of monthly average prices will give a ready view of the state of the market during each month of the year, compared wi the prices of the year previous: —
|January||$85 a l 10||January||$120 a 125|
|February||80 105||February||90 105|
|March||85 95||March||87 90|
|April||70 90||April||85 93|
|May||70 85||May||80 90|
|June||75 82||June||85 89|
|July||75 95||July||80 90|
|August||80 95||August||80 86|
|September||80 90||September||75 90|
|October||75 85||October||85 93|
|November||75 85||November||83 92|
|December||78 92||December||85 95|
LEAD. The receipts of this article have been gradually declining since 1845, and compared with the receipts of 1850, show a decline of 69,931 pigs. The demand for home, consumption has materially increased, and the exports have greatly fallen off. In consequence of this falling otf in the receipts, prices have been steady, at a slight advance, holders at the close being firm at $4 25 to $4 30 per 100 lbs. The stock at present on the market slightly exceeds 25,000 pigs, of which, about 1,200 is of lower mines. The total receipts by river during the last year (including the upper and lower mines) amounts to 503,571 pigs. The annexed table will furnish a comparative statement of the monthly prices for the year 1850-51: —
|January||$4 37Ë a 4 40||January||$3 92 a 3 95|
|February||4 37Ë 4 40||February||395 400|
|March||440 445||March||437 450|
|April||425 435||April||470 475|
|May||415 4 20||May||458 460|
|June||425 4 30||June||400 435|
|July||425 4 30||July||415 4 20|
|August||4 25 4 30||August||410 415|
|September||4 20 4 25||September||410 4 15|
|October||4 05 4 10||October||425 430|
|November||4 12Ë 4 15||November||425 4 30|
|December||4 25 4 30||December||430 440|
In connection with the above statement we may remark, that in addition to the receipts there given, about 18,000 pigs have been received by wagons, all of which were from the lower mines.
Received by river during the year....................pigs 503,571
Received by wagons................................... 18,000
Total from, both sources............................ 521,571
FLOUR. The receipts by riverduring the past year fall short 98,826 bbls., compared with 1850, and the market closed with a lighter stock on hand than we have ever before noticed.
This, together with the advances South, and the markets on the Atlantic coast, caused prices at the close of the year to advance. It will be observed, from the comparative statement which follows, that there has been a gradual decline throughout the year: —
|January||$3 87 a 4 50||January||$4 75 a 12Ë|
|February||3 75 4 60||February||4 90 5 25|
|March||3 60 4 50||March||5 37$frac12; 5 50|
|April||3 50 4 50||April||5 00 5 37Ë|
|May||3 50 4 50||May||5 62 Ë 6 00|
|June||3 60 4 50||June||6 00 6 35|
|July||3 75 4 50||July||4 25 5 25|
|August||3 75 4 50||August||3 75 4 00|
|September||3 60 4 37||September||4 00 4 37Ë|
|October||3 50 4 50||October||3 75 4 12Ë|
|November||3 40 4 50||November||3 80 4 25|
|December||3 75 4 75||December||4 00 4 50|
Including 45,000 bbls. received by wagons, 193,892 bbls. received by the river, and about 450,000 bbls. estimated to have been manufactured by our city mills, we have a grand total of 668,892 bbls. as the amount upon the market during the last year. In connection with this, we annex the following remarks in regard to flouring mills and the quantity of Hour manufactured in this city in 1851.
The mills mentioned in the following table, manufactured during the year just ended, 450,823 barrels of flour; the greater portion of which was exported. The amount of flour manufactured this year cannot be taken as a fair average criterion of that usually manufactured by the city mills. Almost every one of our mills has been idle several months, some having remained so for various untoward causes, more than half the year. We give the total manufacture of flour as reliable and correct. We intended to add the exact proportion of flour shipped and flour sold in the city, but were prevented, in part, by the impossibility of obtaining the figures from two or three establishments; and, again, because of the inaccuracies which must appear in such statement, even were the relative amounts from all of the mills furnished. A large proportion of the flour sold here is shipped by the purchasers so soon as delivered, leaving no data whereby to ascertain the relative city trade and exportation. Thus, the following figures were given us in one mill: "Total amount flour manufactured during the year, 32,000 bbls.; shipped, 15,075 bbls.; sold in the city, 16,925 bbls.;" and to this is added in explanation, "of the 16,925 bbls. sold here, 14,565 bbls. were shipped by the purchasers." In the other mills, the disproportion is not so striking; but the present instance is quoted to show the utter impossibility of arriving at the correct relative estimates of the shipments and city sales.
|Name of mills||Location of mills||Name of owners||Runs of stone||Capacity per day in barrels|
|Missouri||St. Charles-street||Joseph Powell||4||500|
|Pacific||Corner 3d and Cedar||W. C. McElroy||5||500|
|Park||Thirteenth||Backland & Co||4||250|
|United States||South Seventh||A. W. Fagin||4||350|
|Saxony||Lombard||Leonharat & Shuricht ...||2||100|
|Phoenix||Barry||H. & S. B. Pilkington||4||140|
|Planter's||Franklin Avenue||Wm. T. Hazard||2||160|
|Choteau||Eighth||Wm. T. Hazard||3||126|
|Atlantic||Plum||Ball & Chapin||4||250|
|Nonantum||South Fourth||Henry Whitmore||2||125|
|Franklin||61 Franklin Avenue||Geo. P. Plant & Co||3||80|
|O'Fallon||Hazel & Fourth||Jos. G. Shands||2||80|
|Star||South Levee||A. D. Pomeroy & Co||1||250|
|Washington||Seventh||Charles L. Tucker||3||120|
|Eagle||Main and Bates||Dennis Marks||2||150|
|Empire||North Broadway||Robinson & Goodfellow||4||300|
|Magnolia||North St. Louis||Hendrick's||2||100|
|Union||North Levee||Ed. Walsh||2||200|
Total number of flouring mills, 19; aggregate runs of stone, 56; capacity of
313daily manufacture, 3,880 bbls. We have failed to mention the Telegraph Mills — which might with propriety be called a city mill — on account of its location without the city limits, and the Diamond Mill near Bremen, because of the difficulty of obtaining its report. The figures of the latter, however, would make no material difference in the results given below.
WHEAT. The receipts during the year, fall short 91,366 bushels, compared with the year 1850. This deficiency is not as great as in flour. The demand has been steady, and throughout the year there has been very moderate change in prices. The annexed statement will show, that until the close of the year, there has been a gradual decline, compared with the monthly prices of 1850: —
|January cts||75 a 80Ë||January||95 a 1 15|
|February||70 80||February||80 1 05|
|March||70 80||March||75 1 20|
|April||60 80||April||95 1 25|
|May||70 85||May||90 1 27|
|June||65 78||June||80 1 25|
|July||65 80||July||75 95|
|August||70 80||August||70 90|
|September||55 70||September||60 85|
|October||70 76||October||60 80|
|November||70 75||November||65 82|
|December||75 82||December||75 86|
In the above comparative statement, we have not included the inferior grades, confining ourselves altogether to fair, prime, and choice qualities. We quote as the nominal closing rates, inferior, 60 a 70c.; fair to good, 73 a 77c.; and prime and choice 80 a 85c. per bushel.
The following statement, furnished us by the clerk of the Millers' Exchange, shows the total quantity of sacks aud barrels of wheat received, and the quantity of sacks from each river; also a total quantity of flour received from all sources. Between this statement and our own statistics there are slight discrepancies.
|Dates.||Sacks.||Barrels.||Missouri river.||Mississippi river.||Illinois river.||Flour.|
CORN. Our comparative table of receipts will show a gradual increase during the past three years; and for the last year nearly doubling the receipts of 1850. During the spring and summer, the bulk of the receipts were damaged. Our monthly statement of prices, in which is embraced fair mixed to prime yellow and white lots, shows a steady decline throughout the year. The market closed at 36 to 36½ c.; for mixed; 37 to 38c. for pure yellow, and 39 to 40c. for pure white lots in new gunnies.
|January cts||44 a 48||January cts||38 a 41|
|February||41 46||February||37 40|
|March||35 40||March||45 48|
|April||35 40||April||44 45|
|May||34 38||May||56 60|
|June||33 36||June||60 62Ë|
|July||38 43||July||58 64|
|August||35 40||August||58 61|
|September||35 38||September||50 52|
|October||35 40||October||52Ë 55|
|November||31 36||November||46 48|
|December||36 40||December||46 55|
OATS. The receipts for the year comprise 794,431 bushels, against 697,432 bushels during the year 1850, showing an increase of 96,999 bushels. The prices have varied, opening at 45 a 50, and closing at 30 a 32c. The stock on hand at present is estimated at 60,000 bushels.
|January cts||45 a 50||January cts||42 a 44|
|February||52 53||February||43 45|
|March||45 47||March||44 46|
|April||36 40||April||46 47|
|May||35 37||May||58 60|
|June||31 33||June||55 56|
|July||30 31||July||53 55|
|August||25 26||August||50 53|
|September||26 27||September||37 40|
|October||25 26||October||37 38|
|November||26 27||November||40 42|
|December||30 32||December||45 50|
BARLEY. Daring the early part of the year prices ruled high; and the stock on the market, which consisted almost entirely of prime and choice Kentucky and Ohio, was taken at 87Ëc. to $1 00 per bushel. Until May the receipts from the upper rivers were light, and, corresponding with the subsequent increased receipts from this source, prices declined, and continued uniform to the close, ranging from 45 to 60c. per bushel, including sacks. We annex the monthly prices for the years —
|January cts||87Ë a 1 00||January cts||80 a 90|
|February||87Ë 1 00||February||95 1 05|
|March||75 90||March||1 00 1 10|
|April||80 85||April||1 10 1 15|
|May||60 65||May||1 15 1 20|
|June||58 60||June||1 00 1 10|
|July||55 70||July||95 1 00|
|August||45 60||August||75 80|
|September||45 55||September||65 70|
|October||50 55||October||60 85|
|November||55 60||November||62Ë 85|
|December||55 60||December||65 87Ë|
RYE. There has been little demand during the year, and prices have slightly varied — the market opening at 60 a 65c. and closing at 55 a 60c. per bushel. The receipts are about 7,500 bushels. We annex the monthly prices for the years —
|January cts||60 a 65||January cts||55 a 60|
|February||60 65||February||50 55|
|March||60 65||March||65 70|
|April||55 60||April||70 75|
|May||55 60||May||87Ë 1 00|
|June||55 60||June||70 75|
|July||60 65||July||70 75|
|August||55 60||August||55 60|
|September||75 80||September||60 65|
|October||50 55||October||50 55|
|November||45 50||November||45 50|
|December||55 60||December||55 60|
CASTOR BEANS. Increased receipts have caused a decline in prices, and during the year, as will be observed by our comparative monthly statement, hereto annexed, there has been a material falling off. At the rates given, there has been a steady demand.
|January cts||$1 00 a 1 15||January cts||$ 2 20 a 2 37Ë|
|February||1 10 1 12||February||2 25 2 50|
|March||1 10 1 05||March||2 50 2 60|
|April||95 1 00||April||2 60 2 65|
|May||95 1 00||May||2 55 2 60|
|June||June||1 75 1 80|
|July||85 87Ë||July||1 70 1 75|
|August||95 1 10||August||1 60 1 70|
|September||75 80||September||1 45 1 50|
|October||50 55||October||1 35 1 40|
|November||50 55||November||1 25 1 30|
|December||December||1 30 1 35|
FLAXSEED. The receipts by river have not exceeded 11,000 bushels, and prices have fluctuated during the year, as will be observed by the following statement of monthly prices. There has been a steady demand for home consumption, and the market closed firm at $1 30 to $1 35 per bushel.
|January||$1 60 a 1 65||January||$ 1 45 a 1 50|
|February||February||1 40 1 50|
|March||March||1 50 1 55|
|April||April||1 55 1 60|
|May||May||1 50 1 55|
|June||1 55 1 60||June||1 30 1 35|
|July||1 50 1 55||July||1 30 1 35|
|August||1 00 1 12Ë||August||1 25 1 30|
|September||1 20 1 25||September||1 10 1 20|
|October||1 30 1 35||October||1 25 1 30|
|November||1 25 1 30||November||1 45 1 50|
|December||December||1 50 1 55|
POTATOES. The market has greatly fluctuated during the year — opening at $1 15 a $1 20 per bushel, and closing at 70 a 75c. Received during the year, 73,642 sacks and 4,747 bbls. The following will exhibit the Comparative monthly Prices during the years —
|January||$1 15 a 1 20||January cts||50 a 55|
|February||90 1 00||February||45 50|
|March||90 95||March||65 70|
|May||May||75 1 00|
|July||90 95||July||80 85|
|August||35 40||August||75 80|
|September||30 37||September||46 65|
|October||45 55||October||50 45|
|November||50 55||November||80 90|
|December||70 75||December||85 1 05|
HAY. Received by river during the year, 23,717 bales. Good and prime Timothy was sold in January at GO to 65c., but gradually declined to 45 to 50c., when a scarcity of receipts had a tendency to raise the price to 55 to 60c., at which figures we quote the market. A comparative monthly review of prices in 1851 and 1850, hereto annexed, will afford the general range of the market: —
|January cts||60 a 65||January cts||75 a 80|
|February||60 70||February||70 75|
|March||60 65||March||75 80|
|April||60 65||April||80 1 00|
|May||60 65||May||1 00 1 20|
|June||55 68||June||75 85|
|July||60 65||July||75 80|
|August||50 55||August||80 85|
|September||55 60||September||60 65|
|October||45 50||October||55 60|
|November||45 50||November||62Ë 65|
|December||55 60||December||70 75|
WHISKY. The receipts of raw whisky, by river, during the year, comprises 47,991 bbls., showing an increase upon the receipts of 1850, of 22,032 bbls. The extremes of the market were in 1851, 18Å¾ to 23Ëc., against 21 to 27Ëc. during 1850. The following will exhibit the average monthly prices for raw, during the years —
|January cts||22 a 23||January cts||22Ë 23|
|February||22Ë 23Ë||February||22Ë 23|
|March||20 21||March||23 23Åº|
|April||18Å¾ 19||April||22 23|
|May||19 19Åº||May||23Ë 24|
|June||20Ë 21||June||25 27Ë|
|July||18Å¾ 19||July||25 26|
|August||19Ë 19 5/8||August||26 26Ë|
|September||21Å¾ 22||September||25Ë 26|
|October||20 20Åº||October||24 25Ë|
|November||20Ë 21||November||21 22|
|December||21Ë 22||December||21 23|
SUGAR. Received during the year, 29,276 hhds., 20,854 bbls., and 15,833 bxs. which exceeds the receipts of 1850, (throwing the bbls. into hhds.,) about 8,000 hhds. Prices have ruled steady, as will be seen by the annexed monthly statement. The market for fair to prime qualities closed firm at $5 25 to $6 00 Per 100 lbs.
|January||$5 00 a 5 87Ë||January cts||$4 12Ë a 5 00|
|February||5 50 5 75||February||4 00 5 00|
|March||5 25 5 75||March||3 35 4 75|
|April||5 00 5 75||April||3 25 4 50|
|May||5 75 6 75||May||4 62Ë 5 50|
|June||6 00 6 75||June||5 50 6 00|
|July||6 00 6 50||July||5 75 6 25|
|August||5 75 6 50||August||6 00 6 50|
|September||6 12Ë 7 00||September||6 25 7 00|
|October||6 00 6 75||October||6 25 7 00|
|November||5 75 6 50||November||5 75 6 25|
|December||5 25 6 00||December||4 75 5 75|
MOLASSES. The receipts comprise 40,231 bbls. of all descriptions, during the year. Louisiana Sugar House, at the close, was selling at 32 to 34c. in limited quantities, and St. Louis brands at 36 to 40c. per gallon. The following statement of monthly prices refers to prime New Orleans and plantation only: —
|January cts||27 a 29||January cts||25 a 26|
|February||30 32||February||25 26|
|March||30 31||March||24 25|
|April||33 34||April||24 24Ë|
|May||35 37||May||28 30|
|June||33 35||June||32 33|
|July||32 34||July||32 34|
|August||32 34||August||34 35|
|September||30 33||September||32 34|
|October||29 31||October||32 33|
|November||30 31||November||30 32|
|December||20 31||December||28 31|
COFFEE. The receipts of the past year are 101,904 sacks, showing an increase upon the receipts of 1850, of 28,231 sacks. The market during the year has greatly fluctuated, as will be seen by the following statement: —
|January||$11 00 a 11 50||July||$9 25 a 9 50|
|February||11 50 12 25||August||9 25 9 50|
|March||11 25 11 50||September||9 12Ë 9 00|
|April||10 75 11 00||October||8 25 8 50|
|May||10 00 10 25||November||8 25 8 75|
|June||9 62Ë 9 75||December||8 50 9 00|
SALT. The market has been steady during the year, and the demand active. In January, G. A. sold at $1 10 to $1 20, and continued to advance steadily up to the close. We quote as closing rates — G. A. in bleached sacks at $1 50 to $1 55. T. I. dull at 50 to 60c., and market well supplied; and Kanawha brisk at 30c. per bushel. The receipts the past year, of all descriptions, comprise 46,260 bbls. and 216,963 bags against 19,158 bbls. and 261,250 bags during the year 1850.
HIDES. Received during the year, of all descriptions, 99,736, which shows an increase of about 5,000 compared with the year 1850. the market opened at 9 to 9Åºc. for dry flint; 7 to 7Åºc. for dry salted; and 4 to 4Åºc. for green salted. In April and the two succeeding months, sales were made at 10c., 8Åºc., and 4Åºc. These prices, with but slight variation, prevailed until October, and the market closed at 8c. for dry flint; 7c. for dry salted; and 3Å¾ to 4c. for green salted feathers. There lias been very little variation in the price of this article, and the supply has been about equal to the demand. The range for good live feathers has been from 28 to 32c. At the close, we quote at 30 to 32c.
LARD. The market for prime No. 1, in bbls. and tcs. opened at 6Å¾ to 7c., and continued to advance until November. Prices then ruled at 8Ë to 9c., and
318gradually declined to the close, when 7Å¾ to 8Åºc. were the market rates. The, receipts by river during the year comprise 13,465 csks., 37,743 bbls. and 14,450 kgs. We annex a statement of the monthly prices of good and prime No. 1 per 100 lbs., during the years 1851 and 1850: —
|January||$6 75 a 7 00||January||$4 50 a 5 50|
|February||7 50 8 00||February||4 50 5 50|
|March||7 50 7 87Ë||March||5 25 6 50|
|April||7 50 7 75||April||4 50 5 80|
|May||8 50 9 00||May||4 75 6 00|
|June||8 50 9 00||June||6 35 7 65|
|July||8 25 9 00||July||6 00 7 00|
|August||9 00 9 12Ë||August||6 25 6 75|
|September||9 00 6 25||September||5 50 6 12Ë|
|October||9 12Ë 9 00||October||5 62Ë 6 25|
|November||8 50 10 00||November||6 00 7 00|
|December||7 75 8 25||December||6 70 7 10|
PORK. The receipts of the past year of barreled pork, slightly vary from the receipts of 1850, and the bulk of the sum total, as will be seen by reference to our monthly statement of receipts, is the product of the year 1850. Up to the present date, compared with the last packing season, there is a falling off of some 20 to 25,000 head of hogs slaughtered at the establishments in and about the city. We annex a statement of the monthly prices of mess pork during the year, remarking that clear and prime have had the usual average above and below these figures: —
|January||$10 50 a 11 00||July||$13 25 a 14 00|
|February||11 00 11 50||August||14 25 14 50|
|March||11 25 11 75||September||15 00 15 25|
|April||1250 1325||October||1475 1500|
|May||1425 1460||November||1200 1250|
|June||1325 I860||December||1200 1250|
The decline at the close of the year is caused by the new crop coming upon the market. In salted and pickled meats the market closed firm, holders being indisposed to operate to any great extent. We quote dry salted and pickled shoulders at 5 to 5Ëc.; ribbed sides at 6Åº to 6Ë; and hams at 6Åº to 6¾c. perlb. Our table of imports will show the quantity of each description received by river during the, year.
BALE ROPE AND BAGGING. Received during the year 34,088 coils of the former, and 2,845 pieces of the latter. The market closed at 5Ë to 6c., and 12Ë to 13c.
BEESWAX. The market opened in January at 19Ë to 20c., and continued steady at these figures until June. From that period to the close prices ranged from 20 to 22c., according to quantity.
TALLOW. A prime article has been in steady demand, prices ranging from 5Å¾ to 6Å¾c., during the year; the market closed at 6Åº to 6Ëc. per lb.
BUTTER. Received during the year, 2,009 bbls. and 7,598 kegs and firkins. Prices have considerably varied, good shipping ranging from 11 to 14c.; and roll and good table from 14 to 18c. per lb.
CHEESE. The market, until toward the close, has been bountifully supplied; Western Reserve has ranged from 6Ë to 7Å¾c., and English dairy at 11 to 13c. per lb.
SUNDRIES. We give under this head the closing rates of articles not enumerated above, namely: Dried Apples at $1 75 to $2, and Peaches at $2 12Ë $2 25 per bushel. Castor Oil at 50 to 55c., and Linseed Oil at 65 to 70c. per gallon. White Beans at $1 90 to $1 95 per bushel. Clover Seed at $6 50 to $7, and Timothy Seed at $2 to $2 25 per bushel.
manufactured tobacco. Although the marked increase of home manufacture, a commensurate demand has kept down stocks in first hands. There is not
319more now on hand than will supply the current demand for the next several months: meanwhile, stocks must decrease, as the, manufacturers will for a while he entirely idle, owing to the seasons. Missouri manufactured is daily growing in favor, and the productiveness of our soil, and in consequence of the reasonable rates of leaf, it behooves the consumers to look to their interest, in the relative costs of the Missouri and Virginia tobacco. We quote country Missouri 7 to 18; City Missouri 9 to 30, as extremes.
remarks. Annexed we publish, in tabular form, statements showing the monthly receipts of the principal articles of produce &c., for the year, together with a comparative statement for the five years preceding. Also, statements respecting the tonnage and number of arrivals at this port, &c. The total number of arrivals of steamboats and barges is 3,003, of which 375 were barges, namely: —
|January barges||21||July barges||6|
COMPARATIVE STATEMENT SHOWING THE MONTHLY ARRIVALS OF STEAMBOATS AT THE PORT OF ST&dOT; LOUIS, FROM NEW ORLEANS, THE OHIO RIVER, ILLINOIS RIVER, UPPER MISSISSIPPI, MISSOURI RIVER, CAIRO, AND OTHER POINTS, DURING THE PAST FIVE YEARS, VIZ: 1847, '48, '49, '50, AND 1851.
A TABLE, SHOWING THE MONTHLY ARRIVALS OF STEAMBOATS AND BARGES, KEEL AND FLAT BOATS, WITH THEIR RESPECTIVE TONNAGE, WHARFAGE, HARBOR MASTER'S FEES ETC., FOR THE YEARS 1850 AND 1851.
|January||14,129||23,942||$683 80||$1,777 62|
|February||37,241||29,013||1,825 50||2,002 17|
|March||81.969||71,819||4,091 90||5,630 49|
|April||79,505||73.069||3,865 75||5,048 94|
|May||71,825||98,371||3,566 15||6,974 42|
|June||72,984||57,938||4,048 92||3,066 85|
|July||43,196||40,273||3,137 10||2,493 91|
|August||51,789||62,842||3,518 87||4,809 99|
|September||54,610||59,066||3,870 48||4,132 72|
|October||58,268||57,729||4,267 15||4,132 49|
|November||82,980||73,441||5,718 46||5,159 09|
|December||34,756||35,637||2,601 00||2,927 45|
|Total||681,256||683,140||$41,195 08||$48,156 04|
|January||$54 70||$106 65||$629 10||$1,670 87|
|February||146 04||120 13||1,670 87||1,882 04|
|March||327 35||337 83||3,764 55||5,292 66|
|April||309 26||302 94||3,556 49||4,746 00|
|May||285 29||418 46||3,280 86||6,555 96|
|June||232 01||184 01||3,839 71||2,882 84|
|July||188 22||149 63||2,948 88||2,344 28|
|August||211 13||288 60||3,907 74||4,521 39|
|September||232 23||247 96||3,638 25||3,884 76|
|October||250 03||249 95||3,917 12||3,884 54|
|November||343 11||309 54||5,375 35||4,849 55|
|December||156 06||175 65||2,444 94||2,752 80|
|Total||$2,735 43||$2,892 35||$38,382 44||$45,266 69|
THE LUMBER TRADE. From the monthly reports of the Lumber Master, made officially to the City Register, we derive the following statistics of the lumber trade, for the year 1851: —
|Months||Lumber. Feet.||Shingles.||Laths.||Cooper's stuff Pieces.|
Add to the above about 7,000,000 feet not measured or included in the report, and about 15,000,000 feet estimated to have been cut by the different mills of this city and suburbs, and we have, as a grand total of lumber manufactured: —
|Received by river feet||Cut by city mills||Reported from same sources last year||Increase in 1851|
We next append a comparative statement of the different descriptions for the last five years:--
The following statement, kindly furnished us by W. W. Green, Esq., Collector of the Port of St. Louis, shows the importations of foreign merchandise, &c., during the past year: —
Port of St. Louis, January 3, 1852.
As requested, I make the folio wing report of importations of foreign merchandise
322disc into this port, in 1851, the amount of duties collected, &c., as follows, namely: —
Foreign merchandise imported into St. Louis in the year 1851, and entered here, the foreign value of which amounts to $757,509 00
Foreign merchandise entered at other ports in 1851, and now in transportation under bond for the payment of duties at St. Louis, the entries being received, the foreign value of which is 107,902 00
Amount of duties on foreign merchandise collected in 1851 239,318 68
Amount of duties unpaid on foreign merchandise — on goods in store, 31st December, 1851 8,261 89
Amount of duties unpaid on foreign merchandise in transit from other ports, destined to this port 32,679 20
Amount of duties paid and accruing on merchandise imported for this port in 1851 $280,259 77
Of the above, exclusive of the said merchandise in transit, there was imported from England, merchandise, the foreign value of which $406,113
From France 38,404
From Germany and Holland 23,239
From Spain and dependencies 220,770
From Brazil 68,983
Total foreign value $767,509
The general description of merchandise imported, entered for consumption and warehoused in the year, and foreign value thereof, is as follows, namely: —
|Sugar and molasses||$289,753||Brandy, wines, gin, cordials, &c||$24,712|
|Hardware, &c.||133,401||Burr stones||2,259|
|Railroad iron||100,211||Drugs and medicines||2,618|
|Tin plates,tin, iron, copper, &c.||81,482|
|Dry goods and fancy goods||24,287|
Hospital money collected at this port in 1851 $2,941 03
Ditto expended in this port in 1851 for the relief of sick and disabled boatmen 3,441 44
|Inspected in 1849 bbls||25,668||21,113||3,310|
|Inspected in 1851||61,082||40,484||5,924|
Imports into St. Louis during the past tear. The following table comprises all the important and many of the minor articles of Merchandise, Groceries and Produce, received by the river during the past year, from all source. It has been compiled with great care to accuracy, and to merchants and others, it will be a source of ready reference, as to the extent of the trade to this port during the year: —
|Bacon Casks and hhds||366||722||4,272||4,206||4,020||696||320|
|Bale rope Coils||325||602||4,558||3,628||4,603||3,256||3,453|
|Barley and Malt Sacks||3,405||7,140||5,242||1,080||8,454||4,393||1,184|
|Beans, w and c Bbls||65||64||120||265||198||251||10|
|Beans w and c sacks||106||157||391||351||175||347||585|
|Beef Tcs & casks||831||2,015|
|Beeswax bbls. & bxs||2||82||59||51||23||15|
|Butter kegs & firkins||246||264||492||218||498||604||679|
|Cotton yarn Bags||190||128||1,155||355||1,000||1,345||1,299|
|Dried apples sks & bbls||982||2,116||9,017||4,114||1,119||135||281|
|Flaxseed bbls. & sks||54||868||826||407||135||187||65|
|Iron pig. to s||921||395||1,132||744||825||461||770|
|Leather pkgs & bxs||471||1,196||2,169||1,465||1,004||649||690|
|Oil, linseed bbls||135||114||215||71||49||157||58|
|Oils, other kinds||207||110||400||220||321||113||491|
|Onions sks and bbls||91||74||82||20||10||18|
|Pork casks and tcs||3,010||1,982||4,740||1,957||387||358||99|
|Pork, bulk pcs||38,918||272,553||321,045||107,343||24,128||450|
|Pork, pickled Tons||108|
|Rice tcs. & bbls||380||320||404||499||27||34||294|
|Tallow Tcs. and bbls||17||137||175||209||53||32||74|
|Rope tarred & Manilla||36||275||495||203||157||61||42|
|Bacon Casks and hhds||319||402||369||378||621||16,791|
|Bale rope Coils||4,366||2,399||3,769||2,536||793||34,088|
|Barley and Malt Sacks||1,654||11,859||23,087||50,857||3,669||101,674|
|Beans, w and c Bbls||5||8||2||826||3,136||1,730|
|Beans w and c Sacks||732||662||48||608||43||4,205|
|Beef Tierces & casks||10||1,761||1,023||5,640|
|Beeswax bbls. & boxes||16||29||23||28||5||333|
|Butter kegs & firkins||266||525||1,440||2,029||247||7,598|
|Cotton yarn Bags||1,034||305||451||7,262|
|Dried apples sacks & bbls||142||14||68||987||700||18,648|
|Flaxseed bbls. & sacks||218||523||640||784||139||4,064|
|Iron pig. to s||888||360||345||304||7,145|
|Leather packages & boxes||868||873||959||1,406||658||12,409|
|Oil, linseed bbls||156||124||171||203||60||1,513|
|Oils, other kinds||88||195||113||45||20||2,323|
|Onions sacks and bbls||596||7,630||9,073||4,118||88||21,800|
|Pork casks and tcs||116||13||448||2,238||15,298|
|Pork, bulk pieces||2,047||2,335||768,819|
|Pork, pickled Tons||39||147|
|Rice tcs. & bbls||273||51||40||221||277||2,820|
|Tallow Tcs. and bbls||57||79||80||335||198||1,444|
|Rope tarred & Manilla||221||114||180||13||1,797|
|Barley and malt||101,674||69,488||46,263||55,502||57,380||10,150|
|Pork cks & tcs.||15,298||2,969|
|Pork bxs & bbls||103,013||101,762||13,862||97,642||43,692||48,981|
|Pork, bulk pcs||768,819||449,556|
|Pork, bulk tons||147|
|Beef tcs & cks||5,640||2,586||10,687||9,369||5,735|
|Bacon cks & tcs||16,701||30,035||16,280||29,423||14,425||11,803|