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Waa-pa-laa (Fox)

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Documents forming the text of this work.

BACQUEVILLE DE LA POTHERIE, CLAUDE CHARLES DE. Histoire de l'Amerique Septentrionale (Paris, 1722). 4 vols. Illustrated.

This work was approved by the royal censor at Paris in 1702, but was not published until 1716 -- probably on account of the war between England and France (1701-1713), which only ended with the treaty of Utrecht, and the undesirability of publishing at that time a work regarding Canada, which was in danger of attack by the English. The edition of 1716 is mentioned by only Fevret de Fontette; the next one (1722), the edition best known to bibliographers, was issued at both Paris and Rouen; and a third edition appeared at Amsterdam in 1723. The work was published in four small volumes; it is the second of these, devoted to the history of the Indian tribes who were allies of the French in Canada, which is here presented (for the first time in English translation). A fourth edition was issued in Paris in 1753; a careful comparison shows that this is an exact reproduction of the 1722 edition, save for a few unimportant variations, chiefly in the color of the ink used on the title-pages. It is a curious fact that La Potherie's Histoire is not mentioned in the Mémoires de Trevoux, a publication of that period which aimed to record the names of all printed books relating to America. This information is chiefly obtained from the interesting paper of J. Edmond Roy on La Potherie and his works, in Proceedings and Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, series ii, vol. iii, 27-41 -- in which the reader will find fuller bibliographical details, and a brief synopsis of the Histoire.

It is of interest to note the gradual increase in the prices quoted by booksellers for this work. An early issue (undated) of Dufossé's Americana prices the Histoire (no. 13857) at twenty-five francs for edition of 1753; and later (no. 62174), at thirty-five francs, edition of 1722; while in his "new series" that of 1753, it is quoted at forty francs (nos. 15851 and 17181). In Chadenat's Catalogues may be noted the following: Catalogue II 1893), no. 11457, edition 1722, 40 francs; the same in Catalogue 22 (1898), no. 21991, edition "1722 or 1753;" for the same edition, in Catalogue 26 (1900), no. 26414, 50 francs (and in same catalogue the same price for the Amsterdam edition of 1723); in Catalogue 29 (1902), no. 29697, edition of 1722 (Paris, Nyon et Didot; "original edition of this very rare work"), 80 francs; the same price for the Amsterdam edition, in Catalogue 33 (1904), no. 34394; while in Catalogue 41 (1908), no. 44096, and Catalogue 44 (1910), no. 48816, the price is quoted at 125 francs.


PERROT, NICOLAS. Mémoire sur les mœurs coustumes et relligion des sauvages de l'Amérique septentrionale. Pub. pour la premičre fois par Ie R. P. J. Tailhan (Leipzig and Paris, 1864).

So much information in regard to Perrot's manuscript writings as was then available was collected by his editor, Father Tailhan, when he published the above work in 1864; for this, see his preface at the beginning of the Mémoire. Since then, no farther discoveries seem to have been made, unless the promised "Inventaire sommaire" of MM. Nicolas and Wirth, of Mss. in the archives of the Ministere des Colonies at Paris, has succeeded in unearthing some of the lost memoirs of Nicolas Perrot. It is more probable, however, that these writings were lost or destroyed (unless some duplicate copies found their way into the government archives) in their passage through many hands in the eighteenth century; for they were used by La Potherie, Charlevoix, and Colden, and possibly other writers -- some of them being apparently preserved to us in La Potherie's second volume.

For prices on the Mémoire, the catalogues of the French booksellers should be consulted, as it is seldom offered by those in the United States. In Dufosse's Bulletin de Bouquiniste this book appears occasionally: no. 15180, at 12 francs; no. 36982, at 10 francs; and no. 60896, at 7.50 francs. Chadenat quoted it higher: from 10 to 12 francs in the years since 1890; and reaches 15 francs in Catalogue 43 (1909), no. 48011; while in two of his Catalogues -- 23 (1899), no. 23659; and 41 (1908), no. 45118 -- he mentions a copy of the Mémoire on large paper, printed from a large format in large quarto size, "a few copies only," quoted at 20 francs. O'Leary in Catalogue II (1907), quoted at $2.50 an unbound copy.

MARSTON, MAJOR MORRELL, U.S.A. Letter to Reverend Dr. Jedidiah Morse, Fort Armstrong, Ill., Nov., 1820. Ms.

This report on the Indian tribes in the district under Major Morrell's command was prepared by him in November, 1620, at the request of Rev. Dr. Jedidiah Morse, a special agent sent by the government to visit the Indian tribes of the United States and obtain all available information about their condition and needs for the use of the Indian Bureau in its dealings with them. Dr. Morse's report was published in 1822 (see title below), and is a most valuable document for the study of Indian history at that period; but it was long ago out of print, and is practically unknown to the general public. For the present work, the text of Marston's report is obtained not from the printed book, but from a copy of Marston's original Ms. which is preserved in the Draper Collection of the Wisconsin Historical Society; it is document no. 58 in vol. I of the Forsyth Papers (pressmark, "I T 58"). The document is written, apparently by some copyist, on fifteen leaves of paper about foolscap size; the last paragraph and the subscription and signature are in Marston's autograph writing. The list of Indian tribes to which he alludes gives the names of each tribe in English, French, and ten Indian dialects; this paper has been by some oversight bound in the second volume of the Forsyth Papers.


FORSYTH, THOMAS. Manners and customs of the Sauk and Fox tribes of Indians. Ms., dated January 15, 1827.

This document is a memoir on the above-named tribes, written by the noted Indian agent, Thomas Forsyth, and sent by him to Gen. William Clark, then superintendent of Indian affairs; so far as is now known, it has never before been published. This manuscript, written throughout by Forsyth's own hand, is contained in volume ix of the Forsyth Papers (see preceding title); it fills thirty-four long pages, written in a small but very legible hand. It is followed by various other writings by Forsyth: miscellaneous memoranda, containing scraps of information (largely etymological) about tribal and place names in the northwest, bits of tribal history, etc.; a copy of a letter (dated St. Louis, Dec. 23, 1812) sent by Forsyth to Clark, which contains an interesting description of the region extending from Vincennes to Mackinaw and Green Bay, and from the Wisconsin and Mississippi Rivers to Lakes Erie and Huron; several anecdotes copied from printed books of the day; an interesting account of the Black Hawk War by Forsyth (whose official position, and contemporaneous residence in the region affected, render him a prime authority on that subject), entitled "Original causes of the trouble with a party of Sauk and Fox Indians under the direction or command of the Black Hawk, who was no chief;" and a note by him describing the religious character and practices of some Kickapoo Indians whom he encountered in Missouri, who were adherents of the noted "Kickapoo Prophet." The above letter of 1812 not only describes the topographical features of the region named, but enumerates and characterizes the various tribes inhabiting it, and gives an interesting sketch of the character and methods of the "Shawnee Prophet" and outline of the so-called "religion" inculcated by him among the Indians of the northwest.

General list of printed books and manuscript sources.

ABEL, ANNIE HELOISE. The history of events resulting in Indian consolidation west of the Mississippi River (Washington, 1908).

In Annual Report of Amer. Hist. Association, 1906, vol. i, 233-454. Covers the period 1803-1840; at the end is a good bibliography of the subject, aiming to evaluate the various writings cited.

ADAMS, CHARLES F., editor. Memoirs of J. Q. Adams (Philadelphia, 1874-1877). 12 vols.

"Strictly speaking, this is an edition of J. Q. Adams's Diary, and is very valuable for tracing the United States Indian policy from 1825 to 1829." -- ABEL.

ADAMS, HENRY. History of the United States of America, 1801-1817 (New York, 1889-1891). 9 vols.


ALLEN, JOEL A. History of the American bison (Washington, 1875).

In Annual Report of U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, 1875, pp. 443-587.

Vols. Illustrated.

Established (1878) at Ashtabula, O., by Stephen D. Peet, who remained its editor until the close of 1910; now edited by J. O. Kinnaman. It has been published successively at Beloit, Wis., Chicago, Salem, Mass., and now (1911) at Benton Harbor, Mich. Contains many papers of archaeological and ethnological value, by competent authorities; those concerning the old northwest are found chiefly in the earlier volumes. Among them may be noted: Volume I, "Location of Indian tribes in the Northwest Territory at the date of its organization" (pp. 85-98). In recent volumes: xxvi, S. D. Peet, "Races and religions in America" (pp. 345-360;illustrated); Warren Upham, "Mounds built by the Sioux in Minnesota" (pp. 217-222); xxvii, C. Staniland Wake, "Asiatic ideas among the North American Indians" (pp. 153-161, 189-196); xxviii, S. D. Peet, "The copper age in America" (pp. 149-164), and "Pottery in its distribution and variety" (pp. 277-292); xxxi, J. O. Kinnaman, "Chippewa Legends" (pp. 96-101, 137-143).

AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY. Transactions and collections (Worcester, 1820; Cambridge, 1836). Vols. i, ii.

Largely devoted to Indian antiquities.

AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGIST. Vols. l-II (Columbus, O., 1897-1898). Illustrated.

AMERICAN BAPTIST HOME MISSIONARY SOCIETY. The Baptist home mission monthly (New York, 1879-1910+). Vols. 1-32. Illustrated.

AMERICAN BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS FOR FOREIGN MISSIONS. The missionary herald (Boston, 1803-1910+). Vols. 1-106. Illustrated (after 1865).

Begun under title of Massachusetts Missionary Magazine; united (June, 1809) with The Panoplist, begun three years before; after 1820 styled The Missionary Herald.

AMERICAN FOLK-LORE SOCIETY. The journal of American folklore (Boston and New York, 1888-1910+). Vols. i-xxii.

Devoted mainly to folk-lore, but contains much other ethnological information; includes many articles and notes on our Indian tribes; its editors and contributors Include the leading authorities in its field. Notable papers in recent volumes: Volume xv -- "Memorials of the Indian," A. F. Chamberlain; "Sac and Fox tales," Mrs. Mary Lasley (a daughter of the noted chief Black Hawk); "Algonkian words in American English," A. F. Chamberlain. Volume XVIII -- "Mythology of the Indian stocks


north of Mexico," A. F. Chamberlain; "The Algonkian Manitou," William Jones; "Who was the medicine-man?" Francis LaFlesche; "The Seneca White Dog Feast;" "Sioux Games," J. R. Walker (completed in the following volume). Volume xix -- "Ojibwa myths and traditions," Harlan I. Smith. Volume XX -- "Some Dakota myths," Clark Wissler. Volume XXI -- "The test -- theme in N. American mythology," Robert H. Lowie.

AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. Papers (New York, 1886-1891). 5 vols. ---- Annual reports, 1889-1907 (Washington, 1890-1908).

AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION. American missionary (New York, 1857-1910+). Vols. 1-64. Illustrated (after 1899).

AMERICAN STATE PAPERS. Indian affairs, 1789-1827 (Washington, 1832-1834). 2 vols.

Selected documents from the archives of the Indian Office, published under authority of Congress; highly valuable for the study of political relations between the Indians and United States, especially as some of the original documents from which these volumes are compiled are apparently no longer in existence.

ANNALES DE LA PROPAGATION DE LA FOI pour les provinces de Quebec et de Montreal (Montréal, 1877-1893). Nos. 1-50.

Published by the Canadian branch (established 1836) of the Association de la Propagation de la Foi -- a missionary society of world-wide membership in the Roman Catholic Church, which has published its Annals since 1827 (in various languages), as a successor to the well-known Lettres édifiantes. The Canadian Annales was a successor to Rapport sur les missions du diocčse de Québec, published at intervals from 1839 to 1874; both devoted chiefly to missions among the Indians.

ANTHROPOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF WASHINGTON. American Anthropologist (Washington, 1888-1898). II vols. illustrated. ---- Id., new series (New York, 1899-1911+). Vols. i-xiii.

This valuable periodical is also the organ of the Amer. Ethnological Society, and its contributors include the leading scientists and thinkers in this branch of knowledge. Among notable papers in the new series are the following: Volume I, "Aboriginal American zoötechny," Otis T. Mason (pp. 45-81); III, "Rare books relating to the American Indians," Ainsworth R. Spofford (pp. 270-285); "Significance of certain Algonquian animal names," Alexander F. Chamberlain (pp. 669-683); "Aboriginal copper mines of the Isle Royale, Lake Superior," W. H. Holmes (pp. 684-696); vi, "Some principles of Algonquian word-formation;" William Jones (pp. 369-412); vii, "Popular fallacies respecting the Indian," Henry W. Henshaw (pp. 104-182); viii, "Recent progress in American anthropology, 1902-1906" (pp. 441-558); X, "The tomahawk," papers by W. H. Holmes and W. R. Gerard (pp. 264-280); "Wooden bowls of the Algonquian Indians," C. C. Willoughby (pp. 423-504; illustrated); XI, "Tattooing


of the North American Indians," A. T. Sinclair (pp. 362-400); "The various uses of buffalo hair by the Indians," D. I. Bushnell (pp. 401-425); xii, "Clan organization of the Winnebago," Paul Radin (pp. 209-219).

ARMSTRONG, BENJAMIN G. Early life among the Indians (Ashland, Wis., 1892).

Reminiscences, dictated by Armstrong to Thos. P. Wentworth; relate chiefly to the Indians of northern Wisconsin, the treaties of 1835-1854, etc.

ARMSTRONG, PERRY A. The Sauks and the Black Hawk War (Springfield, Ill., 1887). Illustrated.

Compiled from the best printed sources, and from interviews with old pioneers, etc. Contains much information regarding the Sauk tribe, and biographical sketches of noted Indian chiefs. ---- The piasa, or, the devil among the Indians (Morris, Ill., 1887).

AUPAUMUT, HENDRICK. Narrative of an embassy to the western Indians (Philadelphia, 1826).

"From the original manuscript, with prefatory remarks by Dr. B. H. Coates;" in Memoirs of the Penn. Historical Society, vol. ii, 61-131. The author was a chief of the N.Y. Stockbridge tribe, and was sent in 1792 by the U.S. secretary of war on the mission above mentioned. He influenced the western tribes against Tecumseh, and aided Gen. Harrison in the campaign wherein Tecumseh was defeated. In 1821 the Stockbridges removed to Wisconsin, and Aupaumut died there, some time after 1825. (Wis. Hist. Collections, vol. xv, 40, 41.)

AVERY, ELROY McK. A history of the United States and its people, from their earliest records to the present time (Cleveland, 1904-1910+). 15 vols. Illustrated.

Its special feature is in the valuable and elegant illustrations which abound in every volume -- maps and plans, portraits, views of historical scenes and buildings, reproductions of celebrated paintings, etc. Volumes I and IV are of interest in connection with the present work.

AYER, EDWARD E. Collection of historical documents.

One of the finest collections of Americana (both printed and Ms.) in the United States; it has long been in charge of the Newberry Library, Chicago. It includes most of the printed works of value relating to the Indians, and many manuscripts; among the latter are a considerable number relating to the Indians of the old northwest, especially as connected with the fur trade.

BARBER, EDWIN A. Indian music. ---- Catlinite: its antiquity as a material for tobacco pipes.

These articles appeared in the Amer. Naturalist, vol. xvii, 267-274 and 745-764 respectively.

BARROWS, WILLIAM. The Indian's side of the Indian question (Boston, 1887).


BEACH, W. W. The Indian miscellany: containing papers on the history, antiquities, arts, languages, religions, traditions, and superstitions of the American aborigines (Albany, 1877).

Contains many valuable articles regarding the Indians; reprinted "from magazines and other ephemera," in order to preserve the information they contain.

BEAUCHAMP, REV. W. M. The Iroquois trail, or foot-prints of the Six Nations, in customs, traditions, and history (Fayetteville, N.Y., 1892).

Includes the "Sketches of Ancient History of the Six Nations" (Lewiston, N.Y., 1826) by David Cusick, a Tuscarora Indian; and notes and comments thereon by Beauchamp, long a missionary among the Iroquois, and an acknowledged authority on Iroquois lore, history, and antiquities.

---- [Various papers relating to the N.Y. Iroquois tribes -- their history, arts and industries, etc.]

These are published as Bulletins of the N.Y. State Museum (1897-1907), nos. 16, 18, 32, 41, 50, 73, 78, 89, 108; they are valuable contributions to our knowledge of those tribes.

BECKWITH, HIRAM W. The Illinois and Indiana Indians (Chicago, 1884).

This is no. 27 of the Fergus Hist. Series; the author was a prominent antiquarian of Illinois.

BIGGS, W. Narrative, while he was a prisoner with the Kickapoo Indians (s.l., 1826).

BLACKBIRD, ANDREW J. History of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan; a grammar, and personal and family history of the author (Ypsilanti, Mich., 1887).

Written by an Indian chief well known in Southern Michigan.

BLACK HAWK. Life of Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak (Boston, 1834).

This purports to be the story of his life, as dictated by him to Antoine Leclaire (a half-breed government interpreter), and edited by J. B. Patterson; not considered, by well-informed students, as altogether trustworthy.

BLANCHARD, RUFUS. Discovery and conquests of the Northwest, with the history of Chicago (Wheaton, Ill., 1879).

Written by a pioneer antiquarian, who did much to preserve records of early Chicago and Northwestern history; in that work the maps published by him made a prominent feature.

BLOOMFIELD, JULIA K. The Oneidas (New York, 1907). Illustrated.

Treats mainly of the missionary enterprises conducted among the Oneidas, especially those of the Protestant Episcopal Church on the Oneida reservation in Wisconsin.


BOYD, GEORGE. Papers, 1797-1846. Ms. 8 vols.

These papers are in the possession of the Wisconsin State Historical Society. Col. Boyd was U.S. Indian agent at Mackinac during 1818-1832, and at Green Bay 1832-1840.

BRINTON, DANIEL G. American hero-myths: a study in the native religions of the western continent (Philadelphia, 1882).

---- The American race: a linguistic classification and ethnographic description of the native tribes of North and South America (New York, 1891).

---- Essays of an Americanist (Philadelphia, 1890).

Classed under these heads: "ethnologic and archaeologic; mythology and folk-lore; graphic systems, and literature; and linguistic."

---- Myths of the New World: a treatise on the symbolism and mythology of the red race of America (New York, 1868).

A third edition, revised, was issued at Philadelphia in 1896. The works of this able and scholarly investigator that are here mentioned are those of more general interest; besides these, he edited or wrote numerous others, of great value on certain special topics.

BROWER, J. V. Memoirs of explorations in the basin of the Mississippi (St. Paul, 1898-1903). 7 vols.

Written by a learned Minnesota antiquarian, long a prominent officer in the Minn. State Historical Society. BRUNSON, REV. ALFRED. Journals and letter-books. Ms.

Brunson was a pioneer Methodist preacher in Wisconsin, and an Indian agent. These papers are in the possession of the Wisconsin Historical Society.

BUCK, DANIEL. Indian outbreaks (Mankato, Minn., 1904). Illustrated.

Written by a former judge of the Minnesota supreme court, a resident of that state since 1857. He claims "to treat all questions with judicial fairness," and says that "the Indian side of the trouble has been given a hearing" in his book.

BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY. Annual reports to the secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (Washington, 1879-1908). 26 vols. Illustrated.

These publications contain monographs, written by the trained experts on the staff of the Bureau, on the history, character, mode of life, customs, mythology and religion, etc., of the North American Indians; and on various general and special aspects of the science of ethnology. They constitute a mass of data and scientific theory quite indispensable for the thorough study of these subjects, and of the utmost value to all students therein. Among the papers of especial interest for the field covered by this work are the following: "On the evolution of language . . . from, the study of Indian


languages," and "Wyandot government: a short study of tribal society," J. W. Powell (First Report); "Sign language among the N. American Indians," Garrick Mallery (ibid); "Animal carvings from mounds of the Mississippi valley," H. W. Henshaw, and "Art in shell of the ancient Americans," W. H. Holmes (Second Report); "On masks, labrets, and certain aboriginal customs," W. H. Dall, and "Omaha sociology," J. Owen Dorsey (Third Report); "Ancient pottery of the Mississippi valley," and "Origin and development of form and ornament in ceramic art," W. H. Holmes (Fourth Report); "Burial mounds of the northern section of the United States," Cyrus Thomas (Fifth Report); "A study of the textile art in its relation to the development of form and ornament," W. H. Holmes (Sixth Report); "Indian linguistic families of America north of Mexico," J. W. Powell, and "The Midç'wiwin or grand medicine society" of the Ojibwa," W. J. Hoffman (Seventh Report); "Picture writing of the American Indians," Garrick Mallery (Tenth Report); "A study of Siouan cults," J. Owen Dorsey (Eleventh Report); "The Menomini Indians," W. J. Hoffman, and "The Ghost-dance religion and the Sioux outbreak of 1890," James Mooney (Fourteenth Report); "The Siouan Indians," W. J. McGee, and "Siouan sociology," J. Owen Dorsey (Fifteenth Report); "Indian land cessions in the United States," C. C. Royce (Eighteenth Report); "The wild-rice gatherers of the upper lakes," A. E. Jenks (Nineteenth Report); "Iroquois cosmogony," J. N. B. Hewitt (Twenty-first Report); "American Indian games," Stewart Culin (Twenty-fourth Report).

BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY. Bulletins (Washington, 1887-1910). 45 vols. Illustrated.

Of the same character as the papers in the Reports, save that they more often are bibliographical and linguistic in scope, or devoted to subjects of more limited interest. Among these are bibliographies of the Siouan, Iroquoian, and Algonquian languages, by J. C. Pilling (nos. 5, 6, and 13, respectively); "The problem of the Ohio mounds," and "Catalogue of prehistoric works east of the Rocky Mountains," Cyrus Thomas (nos. 8 and 12); "Handbook of the Indians north of Mexico," edited by Frederick W. Hodge (no. 30); "Tuberculosis among certain tribes of the United States" [among which are the Oglala Sioux and the Menomini], Ales Hrdlicka (no. 42).

BUREAU OF CATHOLIC INDIAN MISSIONS. Reports of Director (Washington, 1900-1910). -- Annals of the Catholic Indian missions of America (Washington, 1878, 1880, 1881).

BURTON, C. M. Collections of documents relating to the early history of Michigan. Ms.

Mr. Burton, a resident of Detroit, has been collecting these documents during some forty years, "covering more than two centuries in the history of Michigan and the region of the Great Lakes." They include many originals, as well as many transcripts from French and Canadian archives; and consist of letters, diaries, military order-books, Indian and


French deeds and contracts, records of old Catholic churches, fur-trade accounts, etc. Of special interest regarding Indian affairs are the papers of LaMothe Cadillac, the founder of Detroit (published in the Collections of the Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society, vols. xxxiii and xxxiv); the Montreal papers, 1682-1804, copied from notarial records in Montreal; the papers of John Askin, a prominent fur-trader before 1812; and those of John R. Williams and William Woodbridge (for a time, superintendent of Indian affairs).

BURTON, FREDERICK R. American primitive music, with especial attention to the songs of the Ojibways (New York, 1909). Illustrated.

A careful study of Indian music, in both its technique and its meaning and use. Burton collected among the Ojibwas a large number of songs, which are here presented with their original words and music, and the story and meaning of each. At the end, twenty-eight of these are harmonized for pianoforte accompaniment, and have an English translation.

CALKINS, FRANKLIN W. The wooing of Tokala (New York and Chicago, 1907).

Although in the form of a story, this book was intended rather as a study of Indian character; it depicts life among a group of Dakota Indians, and "primitive conditions as they existed among the Sioux previous to and during the American Civil War." Adopted into one of their tribes, with whom he lived a considerable time, the author has obtained his material from personal experience and observation.

------ Indian tales (Chicago [1893]). Illustrated.

Accounts of various experiences of the author and other white persons among Indians in Iowa and Nebraska, 1860-1880.

CAMPBELL, HENRY C., and others. Wisconsin in three centuries, 1634-1905 (New York [1906]). 4 vols. Illustrated.

CANFIELD, W. W. The legends of the Iroquois told by "The Cornplanter" (New York, 1902).

A highly interesting collection of legends related, toward the end of the eighteenth century, by the noted Seneca chief Cornplanter to a white friend -- whose notes of these conversations are here reproduced, with much information obtained from other prominent Iroquois chiefs, by Mr. Canfield.

CARR, LUCIEN. The food of certain American Indians, and their methods of preparing it (Worcester, 1895).

In Proceedings of Amer. Antiquarian Society, vol. x, part i.

---- Dress and ornaments of certain American Indians (Worcester, 1898).

Id vol. xi, 381-454.


CARR, LUCIEN. The Mascoutins.

Proceedings of American Antiquarian Society, vol. xiv, 448-462.

---- Mounds of the Mississippi Valley, historically considered (Frankfort, 1883).

In Memoirs of Geol. Survey of Kentucky, vol. ii.

CARVER, JONATHAN. Travels through the interior parts of North America, 1766-1768 (London, 1778). Illustrated.

An account of travels in the region of the Great Lakes and upper Mississippi River; it obtained great favor with the public, appearing, during some eighty years, in thirty editions and reissues, and in several foreign languages. Some parts of this narrative are plagiarized from Hennepin, Charlevoix, and other early writers, a fact which has caused Carver's veracity, and the genuineness of his account, to be discredited by some critics -- even to the extent of supposing him to be illiterate, and incapable of writing such a book. The controversy is summarized by John T. Lee in his "Bibliography of Carver's Travels" (Proceedings of Wis. Hist. Soc., 1909, pp. 143-183); he adduces evidence to show that Carver must have been the author of the Travels, and a man of respectable character and education.

CASEY, M. P. Indian contract schools.

In Catholic World, Aug., 1900.

CASS, LEWIS. Considerations on the present state of the Indians, and their removal to the west of the Mississippi.

---- Remarks on the policy and practice of the United States and Great Britain in their treatment of the Indians.

These articles appeared in the North Amer. Review, January, 1830, and April, 1827, respectively.

CATLIN, GEORGE. Illustrations of the manners, customs, and condition of the North American Indians, with letters and notes written during eight years of travel and adventure, tenth edition (London, 1866). 2 vols. Illustrated.

A work of prime importance, especially as it shows the Indian tribes of the west and south at a time (1832-1838) when they still retained much of their primitive mode of life. Catlin relates his adventures while traveling among them, and adds a wealth of information on their customs, character, beliefs, etc. -- which are illustrated by three hundred and sixty drawings from his original paintings.

------ Adventures of the Ojibbeway and loway Indians in England, France, and Belgium, third edition (London, 1852). 2 vols. in I. Illustrated.

Catlin's "notes of eight years' travels and residence in Europe with his


North American Indian collection" -- which contained nearly six hundred paintings, made by Catlin during eight years' residence among the Indian tribes; and included, besides many portraits, pictures of scenery, Indian villages, customs, games, religious ceremonies, etc., all from life; a catalogue of these appears at end of his vol. I. Catlin also exhibited in Europe many Indian curios -- robes, weapons, ornaments, pipes, cradles, etc. During 1845-1846, he acted as interpreter and guide for some Indians (thirty-five in all) who had been carried to Europe for the purpose of public exhibition; and here he describes their novel experiences and the traits of character they displayed, this last being the chief value of his book.

CATON, J. D. The last of the Illinois, and a sketch of the Pottowatomies (Chicago, 1876).

No. 3 of Fergus Historical Series.

CHAMBERLAIN, ALEXANDER F. The contributions of the American Indian to civilization (Worcester, 1904).

In Proceedings of Amer. Antiquarian Society, vol. xvi, 91-126.

CHARLEVOIX, PIERRE F. X. DE. Histoire et description générale de la Nouvelle France, avec Ie Journal Historique d'un voyage fait par ordre du roi dans l'Amérique Septentrionnale (Paris, 1744). 3 vols.

A standard authority on early Canadian history, description of New France, and account of the Indian tribes therein. A translation of this valuable work was made by John G. Shea, with many excellent and scholarly annotations; published in six volumes (New York, 1866-1872). A reprint of Shea's edition appeared in New York, 1900, edited by Noah F. Morrison.

CHASE, LEVI B. Early Indian trails (Worcester, 1897).

In Collections of Worcester Society of Antiquities, vol. xiv, 105-125.

CHICAGO HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Collection of documents relating to the early history of Illinois. Ms.

A very large and valuable collection of documents (most of them originals) relating to the history of the northwest territory, and chiefly of Illinois. Notable among these are the papers of Gen. Henry Dearborn, Gov. Ninian Edwards, John Kinzle, and Pierre Menard (the last two, noted Indian traders); and the transcripts from early records of Kaskaskia and Fort Chartres churches. Some of the Edwards papers were published in vol. iii (1884) of the Collections of this society.

CHIPPEWA ALLOTMENTS of lands, and timber contracts (Washington, 1889).

Senate Docs., Report no. 2710, 50th congress, second session. Report of "Select Committee on Indian Traders," containing evidence, documents, etc., proving gross mismanagement, abuses, and spoliation in the affairs of the Chippewa reservations in Wisconsin and Minnesota.
CHOUTEAU, AUGUSTE. Papers and correspondence, 1787-1819. Ms.


Chouteau was probably the most enterprising and influential of the pioneer fur-traders in the Missouri River Valley, and closely connected with the founding of St. Louis, of which event he left a manuscript account The documents here mentioned are in the possession of the Mercantile Library, St. Louis.

CHRISTIAN JOURNAL, 1817-1830. 14 vols.

Edited by Bishop J. H. Hobart, and contains numerous papers relating to the Oneida Indians of Wisconsin.

CLARK, GEORGE ROGERS. Letters, journals, etc., 1760-1859. Ms. 65 vols.

This highly valuable collection of manuscripts is in the possession of the Wisconsin State Historical Society; it includes many early original documents, various subsidiary collections of papers, and a great deal of correspondence between L. C. Draper and the descendants of the Western pioneers. Much of this matter relates to Clark's conquest of Illinois (1778), and his campaigns, soon afterward, to St. Louis and in the Wabash country. A selection from these papers is announced for this year (1911), in three volumes, edited by Prof. J. A. James of Northwestern University.

CLARK, W. P. The Indian sign language (Philadelphia, 1885).

The author, an army officer, spent over six years among the Indian tribes, and acquired at first-hand the sign language and the explanations of it made by the Indians themselves. To these he adds much valuable information regarding their customs, beliefs, superstitions, modes of life, etc.; and he writes in a spirit of appreciation for the abilities and good traits of those Indians who have not been demoralized by contact with the whites. He makes interesting comparisons between the Indian sign language and that taught in schools for deaf-mutes. The book contains a map showing the Indian reservations, etc.

CLARK, WILLIAM. Papers. Ms. 29 vols.

This collection of documents contains the records of Clark and his successors in the office of superintendent of Indian affairs at St. Louis. It is in the possession of the Kansas Historical Society.

CLARKE, PETER DOOYENTATE. Origin and traditional history of the Wyandotts, etc., (Toronto, 1870).

In this little volume are collected the traditions of Wyandott (Huron) tribal history and legend, obtained from the few surviving ancients of that people by the author (himself a Wyandott); and much of this material is apparently not to be found elsewhere.

COLDEN, CADWALLADER. The history of the five Indian nations depending on the province of New York (New York, 1727).

The above title refers only to Part I of Colden's work. It was reprinted, but in a garbled form, in London, 1747 and 1750 -- containing, however, Part ll, of which a Ms. copy is preserved in the collections of the N.Y. State Historical Society. The book was reprinted (1866) by J. G. Shea.


COLESON, A. Narrative of her captivity among the Sioux Indians (Philadelphia, 1864).

COLTON, C. Tour of the American lakes, and among the Indians of the Northwest Territory, in 1830 (London, 1833). 2 vols.

[CONDITION of Indian tribes in Montana and Dakota (Washington, 1884).]

Senate Report, no. 283, 48th congress, first session. Report of a "Select Committee to examine into the condition of the Sioux and Crow Indians." Shows the destitution then prevailing among those tribes, and calls for government aid to them; also scores the management of the agency stores.

CONDITION OF THE INDIAN TRIBES: report of the Joint Special Committee appointed under joint resolution of March 3, 1865 (Washington, 1867).

This report and its documentary appendix constitute a full survey of the status of the Indian tribes at that time. The committee (J. R. Doolittle, chairman) stated that the Indian population was rapidly decreasing, mainly through disease, vicious habits, and the loss of their old-time hunting grounds -- all these causes being in large measure traceable to the encroachments, bad influence, and whiskey of the whites. The committee recommended that the Indian Bureau be retained in the Department of the Interior; and that more efficient government control and inspection be provided for Indian affairs.

CONGRÉS INTERNATIONAL DES AMÉRICANISTES. Comptes rendus, sessions 1-16. 1875-1910. Illustrated.

The sessions of this learned body have been held biennially at various places since 1875 (at Nancy), the last one whose proceedings are yet published being at Vienna (1908). These volumes contain many articles relating to the Indian tribes of the central United States. Among these may be noted: Various articles on the mound-builders (second session, Luxemburg); Algic cosmogony (third session, Brussels); "sacred hunts" of the Indians (eighth session, Paris); "Contributions of American archaeology to human history" (fourteenth session, Stuttgart); two papers on the Indians of the Mississippi, and one on customs and rites of the Iowa Foxes (fifteenth session, Quebec); "Types of dwellings and their distribution in Central North America" (sixteenth session, Vienna). The seventeenth session was held at Mexico City, September, 1910.

COPWAY, GEORGE. The traditional history and characteristic sketches of the Ojibway nation (London, 1850; Boston, 1851). Illustrated.

The author (an Ojibwa chief, his Indian name Kah-ge-ga-gah-bowh) states that he has resided "six years among the pale-faces," and has attended school, twenty months in all, in Illinois. He recounts the traditions and legends of his people, describes their customs, beliefs, character, etc.; and shows their condition under British and American domination.


COPWAY, GEORGE. The organization of an Indian territory east of the Missouri River (New York, 1850).

Copway urged Congress to erect a new Indian Territory, which should improve upon the old one by being set aside for northern bands only, and by providing at the outset for Indian self-government.

CORRESPONDENCE on the subject of the emigration of Indians, 1831-1833 (Washington, 1834). 5 vols.

This is found in Senate Documents, vols. vii-xi, 23rd congress, first session (1833-1834).

COUES, ELLIOTT. The fur-bearing animals of North America (Boston, 1877).

CULIN, STEWART. American Indian games (Washington, 1905). Illustrated.

In Report of Bureau Amer. Ethnology, 1902-1903.

CURTIS, EDWARD S. The North American Indian (New York, 1907-- --). 20 vols., each accompanied by a portfolio of supplementary plates.

This magnificent work (first begun in 1898) well carries out the author's aim, to present a true picture of Indian life in its natural surroundings and primitive, homely phases -- especially in view of the rapid and often destructive changes therein which are taking place throughout the continent. The illustrations (most of which are 20x24 inches in size) are from photographs made by Curtis during his residence among the various tribes, and they are unusually accurate and artistic. They are accompanied by descriptive text and account of the author's experiences among the Indians, with which is combined much historical and ethnological information. He also records many Indian myths, related to him by the elders of the tribes, and much about their rites and ceremonies. The work is an interesting revelation of Indian life and character.

CURTIS, NATALIE, editor. The Indians' book; an offering by the American Indians of Indian lore, musical and narrative, to form a record of the songs and legends of their race (New York and London, 1907). Illustrated, chiefly from drawings made by Indians.

Contains Indian songs, with original native music and words, English translation, and explanatory notes; some twenty tribes are thus represented, of whom the Winnebago and Dakota (and indirectly the Abenaki) belong to the subject of the present work. A valuable contribution to the literature of the Indians' higher life.

[CUTLER, JERVIS.] A topographical description of the state of Ohio, Indiana Territory, and Louisiana (Boston, 1812).

"Comprehending the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, and their principal tributary streams; the face of the country . . . and a concise account of the Indian tribes west of the Mississippi." By a U.S. army officer.


DAVIDSON, ALEXANDER, and Bernard Stuvé. A complete history of Illinois, 1673-1873 (Springfield, Ill., 1874).

DAVIDSON, J. N. In unnamed Wisconsin: studies in the history of the region between Lake Michigan and the Mississippi (Milwaukee, 1895).

DAVIS, ANDREW M. Indian games.

In Bulletin of Essex Institute, vol. xvii, 89-144.

DELLENBAUGH, FREDERICK S. The North-Americans of yesterday: a comparative study of North-American Indian life, customs, and products, on the theory of the ethnic unity of the race (New York, 1901). Illustrated.

A valuable and scholarly work, presenting the results of recent research in the languages, industries, mode of life, customs, beliefs, government, history, etc., of the North American tribes; contains a list of these, with the respective stocks to which they belong. Both text and the numerous fine illustrations are based largely on material in the Bureau of American Ethnology.

DENSMORE, FRANCES. Chippewa music (Washington, 1910). Illustrated.

A collection of songs, both ritual and social, in all numbering two hundred; the Indian words and English translation, with music, and full description of rites, customs, etc. This is Bulletin 45 of the Bureau of Amer. Ethnology.

DILLON, JOHN B. Decline of the Miami nation.

In Publications of Indiana Historical Society, vol. i, 121-143.

DODGE, CHARLES R. A descriptive catalogue of useful fiber plants of the world, including the structural and economic classifications of fibers (Washington, 1897).

Published by U.S. Department of Agriculture.

DODGE, RICHARD IRVING. Our wild Indians: thirty-three years' personal experience among the red men of the Great West (Hartford, Conn., 1883). Illustrated.

An interesting record of Indian customs and character, by an army officer; highly commended by his superior, Gen. W. T. Sherman, who nevertheless dissents from Dodge's estimate of Indian character. The author advocates military rather than civilian control for the tribes.

DOMINION OF CANADA. Report concerning Canadian archives (Ottawa, 1872-1910+).

These reports contain many calendars of documents contained in the Dominion archives, and are indispensable to the student of Canadian history. Many of those documents relate to Indian affairs.


DONALDSON, THOMAS. The George Catlin Indian gallery in the United States National Museum; with memoir and statistics (Washington, 1885). Illustrated.

In Report of Smithsonian Institution, 1885, part ii. A catalogue of the paintings and curios in the great Catlin collection, which was transferred to the Smithsonian Institution, 1879-1881. The pictures are arranged under the tribal names, each accompanied by extracts (narrative or descriptive) from Catlin's own books, an outline drawing from the same source, and much additional information furnished by Donaldson as editor.

------ The Six Nations of New York (Washington, 1892). Illustrated.

An Extra Bulletin, Eleventh Census of the U.S. A valuable account of the Iroquois people in modern times, presenting not only statistics of population and property, but observations on their character, government, social conditions, mode of life, etc. Well illustrated with maps, portraits, etc.

DORMAN, RUSHTON M. The origin of primitive superstitions, and their development into the worship of spirits, and the doctrine of spiritual agency, among the aborigines of America (Philadelphia, 1881).

DORSEY, J. OWEN. Migrations of Siouan tribes.
In Amer. Naturalist, vol. xx, 211-222.

---- [Papers on "Omaha sociology," "Siouan sociology," "A study of Siouan cults."]

In Reports of Bureau of Amer. Ethnology: 1881-1882, pp. 311-370; 1893-1894, pp. 205-244; 1889-1890, pp. xliii-xlvii, 351-544, respectively.

DRAKE, BENJAMIN. Life of Tecumseh, and of his brother the Prophet, with a historical sketch of the Shawanoe Indians (Cincinnati, 1841).

A plain narrative, based on letters written by Gen. Harrison to the War Department in 1809-1813, interviews with old pioneers, etc. Another edition was issued in 1852.

DRAKE, FRANCIS S. The Indian tribes of the United States (Philadelphia, 1884). 2 vols. Illustrated.

DRAKE, SAMUEL G. Biography and history of the Indians of North America (Boston, 1832). Illustrated.

A popular work, but compiled from the best authorities of Drake's time. Other titles, used in some editions, were: "The book of the Indians," and "Aboriginal races of North America." Later editions contain many additions and corrections. A revision of the fifteenth (Phila., 1860) was issued in 1880 (New York).


DUNN, JACOB P. Indiana, a redemption from slavery (Boston, 1904).

In Amer. Commonwealths series. This is a new and enlarged edition of his book first published in 1888. The author is secretary of the Indiana Historical Society, and a trained and careful investigator.

------ True Indian stories, with glossary of Indiana Indian names (Indianapolis, 1908).

Narratives of military and other events in early Indiana history, relating to the Indians, and accounts of their leading chiefs.

EASTMAN, CHARLES A. Indian boyhood (New York, 1902). Illustrated.

An interesting picture of Indian boys' life, as it records the experiences and impressions of the writer (a Sioux Indian) in boyhood and early youth.

------ The soul of the Indian: an interpretation (Boston, 1911).

The author, writing as an Indian, aims "to paint the religious life of the typical American Indian as it was before he knew the white man." A valuable contribution to our data for a real understanding of the Indian character.

EASTMAN, CHARLES A. (Ohiyesa) and Elaine Goodale. Sioux folk tales retold (Boston, 1909). Illustrated.

EASTMAN, MARY H. The American aboriginal portfolio (Philadelphia, [1853]). Illustrated.

Descriptive sketches of Indian life and customs, accompanied by handsome steel engravings from drawings by Capt. S. Eastman, U.S.A. (apparently the same plates as those in Schoolcraft's Indian Tribes).

---- Chicóra, and other regions of the conquerors and the conquered (Philadelphia, 1854). Illustrated.

Sketches of Indian life, beliefs, etc.

---- Dahcotah, or, life and legends of the Sioux around Fort Snelling (New York, 1849). Illustrated.

Written from intimate knowledge and direct observation of the Sioux Indians, who related many of their legends to the author (whose father and husband were army officers in the Northwest).

EDWARDS, NINIAN W. History of Illinois from 1778 to 1833, and life and times of Ninian Edwards (Springfield, Ill., 1870).

Contains full account of the Black Hawk War, and many letters from high officials to Gov. Edwards.

EGGLESTON, EDWARD, and L. E. Seelye. Tecumseh and the Shawnee Prophet (New York, 1878). Illustrated.

Also includes sketches of Indian chiefs and American officers famous in


the frontier wars of Tecumseh's time. A popular narrative, but based on reliable authorities.

ELLIS, GEORGE E. The red man and the white man in North America (Boston, 1882).

Discusses traits of character of the Indians, their relations with the white people, missions, our policy toward the red men, their capacity for civilization, etc.

EMERSON, ELLEN RUSSELL. Indian myths, or legends, traditions, and symbols of the aborigines of America compared with those of other countries (Boston, 1884). Illustrated.

A valuable work, showing much research and learning.

EVARTS, JEREMIAH. Essays on the present crisis in the condition of the American Indians (Boston, 1829).

"These essays, twenty-four in number, were first published in the National Intelligencer under the pseudonym of ‘William Penn.’ They constitute a very fine exposition of the wrongs committed against the Indiana and bear few traces of having been written from the absolutely missionary point of view." -- ABEL.

-- editor. Speeches on the passage of the bill for the removal of the Indians, delivered in the Congress of the United States, April-May, 1830 (Boston, 1830).

FARRAND, LIVINGSTON. Basis of American history, 1500-1900 (New York, 1904). Illustrated.

This is volume II of The American Nation: a history (Albert B. Hart, editor.

FEATHERSTONHAUGH, G. W. A canoe voyage up the Minnay Sotor (London, 1847). 2 vols.

FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. Publications: anthropological series (Chicago, 1895-1905). Vols. i-ix.

FIELD, THOMAS W. An essay towards an Indian bibliography, being a catalogue of books relating to the history, antiquities, languages, customs, religion, war, literature, and origin of the American Indians, in the library of Thomas W. Field (New York, 1873).

FILLMORE, JOHN C. The harmonic structure of Indian music.

In Amer. Anthropologist, new series, vol. i, 297-318. The author was a professional musician, of long experience and fine taste.

---- A study of Omaha Indian music . . . with a report on the structural peculiarities of the music (Cambridge, 1893).

This paper, with another on Omaha music by Alice C. Fletcher, appeared in Archaeological and Ethnological Papers of Peabody Museum, vol. i, no. 5.


FINLEY, JAMES B. Life among the Indians; or, personal reminiscences and historical incidents illustrative of Indian life and character (Cincinnati, 1868).

Written by a Methodist missionary among the Indians, chiefly the Wyandotts; contains much regarding the history of this tribe and others in their relations with the whites, from 1800 on.

---- History of the Wyandott mission at Upper Sandusky, Ohio (Cincinnati, 1840).

FLETCHER, ALICE C. A study of the Omaha tribe: the import of the totem.

In Report of Smithsonian Institution, 1897, pp. 577-586.

---- Indian education and civilization (Washington, 1888).

Published in Ex.Docs. no. 95, 48th congress, second session. A special report from the Bureau of Education; reviews missionary and educational work among the Indians from the earliest of such enterprises to the time of this report; gives abstracts of treaties with the tribe, and description, statistics, and other valuable data for each of the Indian reservations. A condensed and excellent book of reference for the subject.

---- Indian song and story from North America (Boston, 1900).

"Contains the music of the ghost, love, and other songs in the Omaha language." Miss Fletcher has made a specialty of Indian music, and has spent many years in the study of some of the plains tribes.

FORSYTH, THOMAS. Letter-books, memoirs, etc., 1804-1833. Ms. 9 vols.

These papers and books are in the possession of the Wisconsin Historical Society. They are all original documents (save two letter-books, which are transcripts from the originals), and concern the affairs of Forsyth's agency at Rock Island (1812-1830), the fur-trade, and the Indian tribes of that region; they include many letters from William Clark and Gov. Ninian Edwards, and much official correspondence, besides the two memoirs (by Forsyth and Marston) reproduced in the present volume.

FOWKE, GERARD. Archaeological history of Ohio: the mound-builders and later Indians (Columbus, 1902).

---- Stone art (Washington, 1896).

In Report of Bureau of Amer. Ethnology, 1891-1892, pp. 47-178.

FRAZER, J. G. Totemism (Edinburgh, 1887).

FROBENIUS, LEO. The childhood of man: a popular account of the lives, customs, and thoughts of the primitive races (Philadelphia, 1909). Illustrated.

Based on the latest authorities, and shows extensive research. This edition is a translation from the German by the well-known ethnographer, A. H. Keane.


FULTON, A. R. The red men of Iowa (Des Moines, Ia., 1882). Illustrated.

A history of the Indian tribes who resided in Iowa; sketches of chiefs; traditions, etc.; a general account of the Indian tribes and wars of the Northwest; etc. The material was obtained from writings of local historians, interviews with pioneers, etc.

GALE, GEORGE. The Upper Mississippi: or historical sketches of the mound-builders, the Indian tribes, and the progress of civilization in the Northwest; from A.D. 1600 to the present time (Chicago, 1867).

GALLATIN, ALBERT. A synopsis of the Indian tribes of North America.

In Transactions and Collections of the Amer. Antiquarian Society, 1838, vol. ii.

GANNETT, HENRY. A gazetteer of Indian Territory (Washington, 1905).

Issued as Bulletin, no. 248 of the U.S. Geological Survey.

GARLAND, HAMLIN. The red men's present needs.


n North American Review, April, 1902.

GERARD, W. R. Plant names of Indian origin (New York, 1896).

In Garden and Forest, vol. ix.


Of similar character to the "Grignon, Lawe, and Porlier Papers," except that they relate to the regions of both Green Bay and Prairie du Chien. They were obtained from the estates of Morgan L. Martin, Green Bay (one of the most prominent among the early American pioneers in Wisconsin), and Hercules L. Dousman, of Prairie du Chien, a leading fur-trader (for some years a representative of the American Fur Company). This collection is in the possession of the Wisconsin Historical Society.

GRIFFIN, A. P. C. List of references on the relations of the Indians to the U.S. government (Washington, 1902). Ms.

In library of Wisconsin State Historical Society.

GRIGNON, LAWE, and Porlier Papers, 1712-1873, Ms. 65 vols.

This collection, consisting of letters, accounts, legal documents, etc., which had accumulated for a century and a half in the possession of the families bearing the above names, who were the chief factors in the fur-trade that centered in or passed through Green Bay, Wis., is now in the possession of the Wisconsin Historical Society. "A miscellaneous and highly valuable collection of letters and varied documents both in French and English -- social, commercial, ecclesiastical, political, and military -- throwing a flood, of light on the early history of the region ranging from Mackinac to the upper Mississippi, and between Lake Superior and the Illinois country." -- THWAITES.


GARNEAU, F.X. Histoire du Canada depuis sa découverte jusqu'a nos jours (Montréal, 1882).

The above is the fourth edition. An English translation, annotated, was published by Andrew Bell, third edition (Montreal, 1866).

HADDON, ALFRED C. The study of man (New York, 1898). Illustrated.

Treats of measurements and head-form in anthropology, the origin of some primitive vehicles, and the sources of various games and other amusements.

HAILMANN, WILLIAM N. Education of the Indian (St. Louis, 1904).

No. 19 of Monographs on Education In U.S., issued by the educational department of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition.

HAINES, ELIJAH M. The American Indian (Chicago, 1888). Illustrated.

A popular cyclopedia of Indian ethnology; includes also chapters on relations between the red men and the whites, the history of the "Order of Red Men," Indian vocabularies, and the meaning of Indian geographical names; is based on the works of standard authorities.

HALE, HORATIO. Hiawatha and the Iroquois confederation: a study in anthropology (Salem, 1881).

---- Indian migrations as evidenced by language, comprising the Huron -- Cherokee, Dakota, and other stocks (Chicago, 1883).

------ editor. The Iroquois Book of Rites (Philadelphia, 1883).

From Ms. records made by the Indians themselves, containing the rituals used in their council meetings; Hale (who was an accomplished linguist and ethnologist) copied and translated, with the assistance of the most learned Iroquois chiefs, these rituals -- to which he has added glossary, annotations, etc., and a critical introduction describing the organization, government and laws, traditions, character, policy, and language of the Iroquois peoples.

HARRISON, J. B. The latest studies on Indian reservations (Philadelphia, 1887).

Published by the Indian Rights Association.

HARRISON, WILLIAM H. Aborigines of the Ohio Valley (Chicago, 1884).

No. 26 of Fergus Hist. Series. This book also contains speeches by Miami chiefs in a council at Ft. Wayne, Sept. 4, 1811; and an account (from a Ms.) of the history, customs, etc., of the Northwestern Indians.

HARSHBERGER, J. W. Maize: a botanical and economic study (Philadelphia, 1893).

Contributions of Botanical Laboratory of Univ. Pennsylvania, vol. i, no. 2


HARVEY, HENRY. History of the Shawnee Indians, from the year 1681 to 1854, inclusive (Cincinnati, 1855).

The author was sent by the Society of Friends as a missionary among the Shawnees, and was with that tribe when they were obliged to surrender their homes and lands in Ohio (1832).

HEARD, ISAAC V. D. History of the Sioux war and massacres of 1862 and 1863 (New York, 1865). Illustrated.

Written by a member of Sibley's expedition against the Sioux in 1862, from first-hand sources of various kinds.

HEBBERD, S. S. History of Wisconsin under the dominion of France (Madison, Wis., 1890).

HENNEPIN, Louis. Description de la Louisiane. . . Les moeurs et la maniere de vivre des sauvages (Paris, 1683).

A translation of this work, with annotations, by J. G. Shea, was published at New York in 1880. A reprint of the English edition of 1698, edited by R. G. Thwaites, with numerous annotations, was issued in 1903, at Chicago.

HEWITT, J. N. B. Iroquois cosmogony (Washington, 1903).

In Report of Bureau of Amer. Ethnology, 1899-1900.

HODGE, FREDERICK W., editor. Handbook of American Indians north of Mexico: parts i and 2 (Washington, 1907 and 1910). Illustrated.

This is Bulletin no. 30, Bureau of Amer. Ethnology. This great work -- actually begun in 1885, and its central idea conceived in 1873 -- forms a most valuable Indian cyclopedia. It has been prepared by the trained specialists of the Bureau, aided by others from the various government bureaus and the great museums of the country; and it represents the latest data and the most reliable conclusions thus far reached by experts in American ethnology and archaeology. "It has been the aim," says its editor, "to give a brief description of every linguistic stock, confederacy, tribe, sub-tribe, or tribal subdivision, and settlement known to history or even to tradition, as well as the origin and derivation of every name treated, whenever such is known." These tribal descriptions (including history, location, population, etc.) are followed by full bibliographical references to authorities for each variant of the tribal name. Special subjects, such as "Dreams and visions," "Food," "Pueblos," "War," are fully discussed by expert writers; and biographical sketches of noted Indians are furnished. At the end is a synonymy of all the names and variants mentioned in the articles on tribes; and a full bibliography of printed books and other sources. These occupy respectively one hundred and fifty-eight and forty-three pages of fine type, giving the information in the shortest form possible; and both these features will be prized for reference by students.

HOFFMAN, WALTER J. The Menomini Indians (Washington, 1896). Illustrated.


A valuable monograph on that tribe, written by a careful and trained ethnologist; he treats, with much detail, their history, government, cult societies, myths, and folk-tales, games and dances, dwellings and furniture, industries and occupations, food, etc. An extensive vocabulary of their language is added at the close. In the fourteenth Report of Bureau of Amer. Ethnology.

HOFFMAN, WALTER J. The Midç'wiwin or "grand medicine society" of the Ojibwa (Washington, 1891).
In Report of Bureau of Amer. Ethnology, 1885-1886, pp. 149-300. This paper is of special interest as describing the proceedings and ceremonies of an Indian secret society.

HOLMES, W. H. Aboriginal pottery of the eastern United States (Washington, 1903).

In Report of Bureau of Amer. Ethnology, 1898-1899. Other archaeological papers by Holmes concerning the field of this work are published in the second, third, fourth, sixth, and thirteenth of the Bureau's Reports.

---- Sacred pipestone quarries of Minnesota, and ancient copper mines of Lake Superior.

In Proceedings of Amer. Assoc. for Advancement of Science, 1892, pp. 277-279.

----, and others. Arrows and arrow-makers: a symposium.

In Amer. Anthropologist, vol. iv, 45-74.

HORNADAY, WILLIAM F. The extermination of the American bison, with a sketch of its discovery and life history.

In Report of Smithsonian Institution, 1887, part ii, pp. 367-548.

HOUGH, FRANKLIN B., editor. Proceedings of the commissioners of Indian affairs, appointed by law for the extinguishment of Indian titles in the state of New York (Albany, 1861).

"Published from the original manuscript in the library of the Albany Institute."

HOUGH, WALTER. Fire-making apparatus in the United States National Museum (Washington, 1890).

In Report U.S. National Museum, 1888.

Hoy, P. R. How and by whom were the copper implements made? (Racine, 1886).

HULBERT, ARCHER B. The historic highways of America (Cleveland, 1902-1903). 16 vols. Illustrated.

This series undertakes to show the intimate connection of America's history and development with the highways and waterways which connected the seaboard with the vast interior of this continent -- traced successively by herds of buffalo, by Indian trade and migration, and by white pioneers,


and followed in later years by the great transcontinental railroads. The following volumes are those of special interest for students of Indian history: I, "Paths of the mound-buildings Indians and great game animals;" II, "Indian thoroughfares;" and VII, "Portage paths: the keys to the continent"

HUNTER, JOHN DUNN. Manners and customs of several Indian tribes located west of the Mississippi (Philadelphia, 1823).

Contains biographical sketch of the author, and account of his captivity among the Kickapoo Indians; description of Missouri and Arkansas territories, and their products; account of customs, mode of life, industries, character, etc., of Indians therein; and chapters on their materia medica, and practice of surgery and medicine.

---- The Indian sketch-ook (Cincinnati, 1852).

ILLINOIS STATE HISTORICAL LIBRARY. Collections (Springfield, 1906-1910+). Illustrated.

These publications contain valuable original documents relating to the early history of Illinois, ably edited by experienced and scholarly investigators. The "Virginia Series" is useful for readers interested in the French element of Illinois history, and in the Indians; it includes "Cahokia records, 1778-1790," "Kaskaskia records" (for the same period), and "George Rogers Clark papers" -- the last to be published (1911) in three volumes.

ILLINOIS STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Transactions (Springfield, 1901-1910+).

---- Journal (Springfield, 1908-1911+).

INDIAN AFFAIRS. Report on the fur trade (Washington, 1828).

In Senate Committee Reports, 20th congress, second session.

---- Information in relation to the Superintendency of Indina Affairs in the Territory of Michigan, 1820-1821 (Washington, 1822).

Contains accounts of Lewis Cass as superintendent, letters by him relating to the Indian tribes, etc.

INDIAN AFFAIRS, OFFICE OF (War Department). Reports (Washington, 1825-1848).

---- (Department of the Interior). Report of the Commissioner (Washington, 1849-1910+).

Both these series constitute an official record of Indian affairs, of prime value.

---- Records. Ms.

These date from 1800 only, as in that year the earlier records were destroyed by fire; and since then various injuries and losses have occurred through removals, lack of proper facilities for their care, etc. Still, they constitute the most important materials extant for study of Indian history and affairs -- in which much aid is rendered by the description of these records


contained in Van Tyne and Leiand's Guide to the Archives, second edition (Washington, 1908), pp. 205-209.

INDIAN BIOGRAPHY. [Chronological list of famous American Indians, with biographies.]

In National Cyclopedia of American Biography, index vol., p. 169.

INDIAN BOARD for the emigration, preservation, and improvement of the aborigines of America. Documents and proceedings relating to the formation and progress of a board [for the purpose above stated], (New York, 1829).

INDIAN COMMISSIONERS, BOARD OF. Annual reports (Washington, 1870-1910+).

---- Journal of the second annual conference with the representatives of the religious societies cooperating with the government, and reports of their work among the Indians (Washington, 1873).

INDIANS, LAWS RELATING TO. Laws of the colonial and state governments, relating to Indians and Indian affairs, 1633-1831 (Washington, 1832).

---- A compilation from the revised statutes of the United States; and acts of Congress . . . relating to Indian affairs, not embraced in or repealed by the revision of the United States statutes (Washington, 1875).

[INDIAN POLICY of the Government. Various articles in reviews and magazines, 1874-1882.]

In Presbyterian Quarterly and Princeton Review, July, 1873, Jan. and Oct., 1876; Catholic World, Oct. and Nov., 1877, Oct., 1881; Methodist Quarterly Review, July, 1877; Nation, July 20, 1876, Sept. 6, 1877, July 4 and Nov. 28, 1878, June 30, 1881; North Amer. Review, March, 1879, July, 1881, March, 1882; Penn. Monthly, March, 1879, Oct., 1880; International Review, June, 1879; Harper's Magazine, April, 1878, April, 1881; Catholic Presbyterian, April, 1881, Feb., 1882; Amer. Law Review, Jan., 1881; Amer. Catholic Quarterly, July, 1881. These are papers by able writers, on Pres. Grant's policy, the legal status of the Indians, their education at Hampton and Carlisle, and the "Indian problem" in general.

INDIAN RIGHTS ASSOCIATION. Annual report of the executive committee (Philadelphia, 1883-1911+).

------ Publications (Philadelphia, 1893-1909). 59 pamphlets.

Besides these, the Association has published other pamphlets, of occasional character.

INDIAN TERRITORY, GENERAL COUNCIL. Journal of annual session, 1873 (Lawrence, Kans., 1873).

This council, the fourth of its kind, sat during May 5-15, 1873; it was


"composed of delegates duly elected from the Indian tribes legally resident" in Indian Territory.

INDIAN TREATIES, and laws and regulations relating to Indian affairs. Washington, 1826.

Compiled by order of Secretary of War Calhoun, who ordered one hundred and fifty copies to be "printed for the use of the Department." Contains also a supplementary collection of treaties and other documents relative to Indian affairs, "to the end of the Twenty-first Congress" (i.e., to February, 1831).

---- Treaties between the United States of America and the several Indian tribes, from 1778 to 1837 (Washington, 1837).

Published by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Under an alphabetical list of the tribes is a tabular enumeration of the treaties, with concise abstract of the provisions in each. This is followed by the full texts of the treaties, in chronological order. Some of the minor treaties can be found only here.

-- A compilation of all the treaties between the United States and the Indian tribes now in force as laws (Washington, 1873).

-- Indian affairs: laws and treaties (Washington, 1903, 1904).

First edition, Senate Document, no. 452, 57th congress, first session; second edition, Senate document, no. 319, 58th congress, second session.

INGERSOLL, ERNEST. Wampum and its history (Philadelphia, 1883).

In Amer. Naturalist, vol. xvii, 467-479.

INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF AMERICANISTS. [See Congrés Internationale des Americanistes.]

IOWA STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Annals (Iowa City, 1863-1910+). Illustrated.

JAMES, GEORGE WHARTON. Indian basketry (New York, 1901; Pasadena, Cal., 1902). Illustrated.

---- What the white race may learn from the Indian (Chicago, 1908). Illustrated.

Valuable as calling attention, in vigorous and interesting style, to various admirable features in the mode of life, and the social, mental, and moral traits, of the Indian peoples. The author knows the Indians well from personal acquaintance and extensive observation, and well advocates the thesis stated in the title of his book.

JENKS, ALBERT E. The childhood of Ji-shib, the Ojibwa and ... pen sketches (Madison, Wis., 1900).

JESUIT RELATIONS (Paris, 1640-1672; Quebec, 1869 [3 vols.]; Cleveland, 1896-1901 [73 vols.]).

The annual reports sent by the Jesuit missionaries among the Indians


to their superiors in France; the original publications are rare and costly. The Quebec reprint was published by the Canadian government. The Cleveland reissue (edited by Reuben G. Thwaites and Emma Helen Blair) entitled The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, added to the original Relations many later ones, with letters and other documents written by the Jesuit missionaries; also portraits, maps, and other illustrations -- the whole accompanied by a page-to-page English translation and copious annotations, bibliographical data, etc. These missionary reports have always been accepted as authorities of the first importance, on all matters relating to the Indians from Labrador to Minnesota, and from Hudson's Bay to the Ohio River; and they are especially valuable because they show, depicted by educated men, aboriginal life and character in their primitive conditions, as yet untouched or but slightly affected by contact with Europeans.

JOHNSON, ELIAS. Legends, traditions, and laws of the Iroquois, or Six Nations, and history of the Tuscarora Indians (Lockport, N.Y., 1881).

Written by a Tuscarora chief; although in rather desultory and scrappy form, contains considerable information of value.

JONES, REV. PETER. History of the Ojebway Indians; with especial reference to their conversion to Christianity (London [1862?]). Illustrated.

An Ojibwa chief by birth (his Indian name Kahkewaquonaby), and converted to the Christian faith in his youth, the author was a missionary among his people for more than twenty-five years, until his death (June 29, 1856). His account of the Ojibwas is descriptive, historical, and ethnological; and, like Copway's, contains valuable data regarding those tribes, especially authoritative as furnished by Ojibwas of high standing.

JONES, WILLIAM. Fox texts (Leyden, 1907).

Contains folk-tales (in history, mythology, tradition, etc.) collected by Jones (himself a Fox Indian) from the elders of his tribe; with English translations. "Among the best records of American folk-lore that are available." This is volume I of the Publications of the Amer. Ethnological Society of New York. The author, a trained and enthusiastic ethnologist, was slain (while in the prime of manhood) by hostile natives in Luzon, P.I., March 28, 1909.

KANSAS STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Transactions (Topeka, 1881-1910+). Vols. i-x. Illustrated.

KEANE, AUGUSTUS H. Man past and present (Cambridge, Eng., 1899). Illustrated.

An account of the various races of man, their origin, relations, and development; contains abundant references to the best authorities.

---- The world's people: a popular account of their bodily and mental characteristics, beliefs, traditions, and political and social institutions (London, 1908). Illustrated.


KEATING, WILLIAM H. Narrative of an expedition to the sources of the St. Peter's River, Lake Winnepeek, Lake of the Woods, etc., 1823 (Philadelphia, 1824). 2 vols. Illustrated.

This expedition was conducted by Major Stephen H. Long, sent by the War Department to explore the almost unknown wilderness of Northern Minnesota. "One of the earliest and best accounts of the Sioux and Chippeways that we have" (Eames). Volume II contains a comparative vocabulary of the Sauk, Sioux, Chippeway, and Crec languages.

KELTON, DWIGHT H. Indian names of places near the Great Lakes (Detroit, 1888).

KINGSFORD, WILLIAM. The history of Canada. Indexed. (Toronto, 1887-1898). 10 vols.

KINZIE, JULIETTE A. M. Wau-Bun, the "early day of the Northwest" (New York, 1856).

A new edition of this book, with an introduction and notes by R. G. Thwaites, has been published (Chicago, 1901). The author was wife of the noted Chicago early trader, John H. Kinzie; and her book throws much light on early Illinois history and Indian character.

KOHL, J. G. Kitchi-Gami: wanderings round Lake Superior (London, 1860).

"One of the most exhaustive and valuable treatises of Indian life ever written. It is wholly the result of personal experiences. Kohl lived intimately with the Indian tribes round Lake Superior, and endeavored to penetrate the thick veil of distrust, ignorance, and superstition of the tribes with whom he lived." -- WILBERFORCE EAMES.

LAFITAU, J. F. Moeurs des sauvages Ameriquains, comparées aux moeurs des premiers temps (Paris, 1724). 2 vols. Illustrated.

A valuable early account of the Indian tribes; one of the standard authorities.

LA FLESCHE, FRANCIS. The middle five; Indian boys at school (Boston, 1900).

A story, drawn from actual experiences and persons, of the (mission) school life of some Omaha boys; written by one of them.

LAHONTAN, ARMAND Louis DE. Voyages dans l'Amerique septentrionale (Amsterdam, 1728). 2 vols. Illustrated.

An interesting account of travels in the interior of the North American continent, and of the savage tribes dwelling therein. The English edition of 1703 has been reprinted (Chicago, 1905), edited and annotated by R. G. Thwaites.

LAKE MOHONK [N.Y.] CONFERENCE of Friends of the Indian. Proceedings of first to twenty-seventh annual meetings (Boston, 1883-1910+).


Since the acquisition of insular possessions by the United States, their inhabitants are added to the scope of this conference.

LAPHAM, INCREASE A, The antiquities of Wisconsin, as surveyed and described (Washington, 1885).

In Contributions to Knowledge of Smithsonian Institution, vol. vii. Lapham was a pioneer scientist of unusual ability and intellectual breadth.

---- A geographical and topographical description of Wisconsin; with brief sketches of its history . . . antiquities (Milwaukee, 1844).

---- The, number, locality, and times of removal of the Indians of Wisconsin (Milwaukee, 1870).

LARIMER, MRS. S. L. The capture and escape; or, life among the Sioux (Philadelphia, 1870).

LE SUEUR, Pierre, and others. Early voyages up and down the Mississippi by Cavelier, St. Cosme, Le Sueur, Gravier, and Guignas (Albany, N.Y., 1861).

These narratives of early exploration were translated and annotated by J. G. Shea, in the above book.

LEUPP, FRANCIS E. The Indian and his problem (New York, 1910).

Of especial interest, as written by the late commissioner of Indian affairs; he has urged the abolition of the reservation system and of the Indian Office, the Indians to become citizens of the U.S., on the same footing as the whites.

LINCOLN, BENJAMIN. Journal of a treaty held in 1793 with the Indian tribes northwest of the Ohio by commissioners of the United States (Boston, 1836).

In Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, third ser., vol. v, 109-176.

LONG, J. Voyages and travels of an Indian interpreter and trader, describing the manners and customs of the North American Indians (London, 1791).

An early and valued account of the tribes in Canada and the region of the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River. Contains an extensive vocabulary of the Chippewa language, and other linguistic data. The author was in the service of the Hudson Bay Company, and traveled among the Indians for nineteen years. A French translation was published at Paris in 1794, and had another edition in 1810. This important work has been reprinted in Thwaites's Early Western Travels, vol. ii.

LUNDY, JOHN P. Zea maize, as it relates to the incipient civilization of Red Men all the world over.


In Proceedings of Phila. Numismatic and Antiquarian Society, 1883, pp. 15-22.

McCoY, REV. ISAAC. Correspondence and journals, 1808-1847. Ms.
These documents are in possession of the Kansas Historical Society, and contain much information on "the actual removal of the Indians, especially of the northern tribes after 1830. McCoy surveyed, or superintended the survey, of several of the early reservations in Kansas, and located most of the tribes that went there. The government placed great reliance on him, and his truly kindly disposition toward the emigrants softened the rigor of the Jacksonian measures." -- ABEL.

----- The annual register of Indian affairs within the Indian (or Western) Territory (Shawanoe Baptist Mission, Ind. Ter., 1835-1837), nos. 1-4.

Contains valuable information about Indian Territory and the tribes settled therein; missions and schools among them, supported by various religious denominations.

---- History of Baptist Indian missions (New York, 1840).

Covers the period from 1818; is especially full regarding the Ottawas and Potawatomi.

McGUIRE, JOSEPH D. Pipes and smoking customs of the American aborigines, based on material in the U.S. National Museum.

In Report of U.S. National Museum, 1897, part I, pp. 351-645.

MCKENNEY, THOMAS L. Sketches of a tour to the [Great] Lakes, of the character and customs of the Chippeway Indians, and of incidents connected with the treaty of Fond du Lac (Baltimore, 1827). Illustrated.

The author was associated with Lewis Cass in negotiating the above treaty (Aug. 5, 1826), and belonged to the U.S. Indian Department. At the end of the volume are given the text of the treaty, a journal of the proceedings therein, and a Chippewa vocabulary; and the book has numerous illustrations. Gives interesting accounts of Indian life, and descriptions of the Lake region, as they appeared at that time.

---- Memoirs, official and personal, with sketches of travels among the Northern and Southern Indians; second edition, 2 vols. in I (New York, 1846). Illustrated.

The author was U.S. superintendent of the Indian trade during 1816-1822, and later (1824-1830) chief of the Indian Bureau (the first to hold that post). Volume I recounts his experiences in these offices; volume II contains his reflections on the origin of the Indians, their claims on us for aid and justice, and a plan for their preservation and "the consolidation of Peace between them and us."

--- and James Hall. History of the Indian tribes of North America,


with biographical sketches and anecdotes of the principal chiefs (Philadelphia, 1854). 3 vols. Illustrated.

A smaller reprint (in royal octavo) from the folio edition of 1848. Contains one hundred and twenty large and well-colored "portraits from the Indian Gallery in the Department of War, at Washington." Revised and enlarged by McKenney, who probably wrote the unsigned historical sketch of the Indian race in volume III; Hall contributed the "Essay on the history of the North American Indians," which follows. It contains one hundred and twenty large colored portraits of Indian chiefs, from the original paintings, mostly by an artist named King, who was employed by the government to paint portraits of the chiefs who visited Washington.

MCKENNEY, THOMAS L. and Matthew Irwin. The fur trade and factory system at Green Bay, 1816-1821.

In Wisconsin Historical Collections, vol. vii, 269-288.

MCKENZIE, FAYETTE A. The Indian in relation to the white population of the United States (Columbus, O., 1908).

Reviews the policy of the U.S. government toward the Indians, the political status of the latter, their lands and funds, education, missions, and other topics; contains much useful and recent information as to the advancement and present status of the Indians; and advocates the abolition of the reservation, final allotment of lands, Indian citizenship, provision of better training and opportunities on industrial lines, etc.

MCLAUGHLIN, JAMES. My friend the Indian (Boston, 1910). Illustrated.

The author was Indian agent and inspector for many years.

MCMASTER, JOHN B. A history of the people of the United States, 1783-1861 (New York, 1884-1900). 5 vols.

MAIR, CHARLES. The American bison -- its habits, methods of capture and economic use in the northwest, with reference to its threatened extinction and possible preservation.

In Proceedings and Transactions of Royal Society of Canada, first ser., vol. viii, sec. 2, pp. 93-108.

MALLERY, GARRICK. Sign language among North American Indians, compared with that among other peoples and deaf-mutes (Washington, 1881). Illustrated.

In Bureau of Amer. Ethnology, first Report, 263-552.

------ Picture-writing of the American Indians (Washington, 1893). Illustrated.

Bureau of American Ethnology, Tenth Report, 25-807.

MANYPENNY, GEORGE W. Our Indian wards (Cincinnati, 1880).

The author was commissioner of Indian affairs during 1853-1857, and


chairman of the Sioux Commission of 1876. He recounts the history of the Indian peoples in their relations with the whites, from the time of the first encounter between the two races; contrasts the military with the civil administration of Indian affairs; and urges that justice, protection, and better industrial opportunities be furnished to these "our wards."

MARGRY, PIERRE. Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans Ie sud de l'Amérique Septentrionale (1614-1754): mémoires et documents originaux (Paris, 1876-1886). 6 vols.

The following volumes are concerned with the northwest: I (1614-1684), explorations and discoveries on the Great Lakes, and the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers; v (1683-1724), formation of a chain of posts between the St. Lawrence and the Gulf of Mexico; VI (1679-1754), exploration of affluents of the Mississippi, and discovery of the Rocky Mountains.

MARSH, REV. CUTTING. Letters and journals, 1830-1856. Ms. 39 vols. and 55 letters.

These documents are deposited with the Wisconsin Historical Society. The author was a missionary of the American Board of Foreign Missions and of a Scottish missionary society, among the Stockbridge Indians of Wisconsin; and his papers relate chiefly to religious and educational matters. Marsh's reports to the Scottish Society for 1831-1848 have been published (nearly in full) in Wisconsin Historical Collections, vol. xv, 39-204.

MARTIN, HORACE F. Castorologia, or the history and traditions of the Canadian beaver (Montreal, 1892).

MASON, EDWARD G. Illinois in the 18th century (Chicago, 1881).
No. 12 in Fergus Historical Series.

---- Early Illinois (Chicago, 1889-1890). In 4 parts.

Nos. 31-34 of Fergus Historical Series. Is chiefly devoted to Menard, Todd, and Rocheblave papers.

MASON, OTIS T. Woman's share in primitive culture (New York, 1894). Illustrated.

---- The origins of inventions: study of industry among primitive people (London, 1895). Illustrated.

Valuable monographs by this distinguished writer (who was one of the foremost scientists in America, and curator of ethnology in the U.S. National Museum from 1884 until his death in 1908) are noted as follows: "Cradles of the American aborigines" (Report of Smithsonian Institution, 1887); "N. American bows, arrows, and quivers" (id, 1893); "Migration and the food quest" (id, 1894); "Influence of environment upon human industries or arts" (id, 1895); "Aboriginal skin-dressing" (Report of U.S. National Museum, 1889); "Primitive travel and transportation" (id, 1894); "Aboriginal American basketry" (id, 1902). All these are abundantly illustrated.

MATSON, N. French and Indians of Illinois River (Princeton, Ill., 1874).


From old Mss., local traditions, etc., the author has gleaned interesting data regarding the Indian tribes in Illinois, and the early settlement of that region by the French.

MATSON, N. Memories of Shaubena, with incidents relating to the early settlement of the West (Chicago, 1878 [second edition in 1880]).

A memoir of this noted Potawatomi chief, based largely on information furnished to the writer by Shaubena himself; contains also much information regarding the "Black Hawk War."

MICHIGAN PIONEER AND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Collections and researches (Lansing, 1887-1910+). Vols. 1-38. Illustrated.

MICHILLIMACKINAC PARISH. Register of baptisms and marriages, 1741-1821. Ms.

The original of this important register is preserved in the parish church of St. Anne at Mackinac. At the beginning is an abstract of earlier entries dating back to 1695, copied from an old register which is now lost; there are also some records of burials, 1743-1806. A facsimile transcription of the volume is in the possession of the Wisconsin Historical Society, in whose Collections are published a translation of the entire document (vol. xviii, 469-514, and xix, 1-162).

MINNESOTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Collections (St. Paul, 1850-1910+). Vols. i-xiv. Illustrated.

Contain many important papers regarding the Indians of Minnesota. Notable among these are: "Dakota superstitions," G. H. Pond (1867, pp. 32-62); "History of the Ojibways," William W. Warren (of Ojibwa blood), and another account by Edward D. Nelll, a scholarly and careful investigator (vol. v, 21-510); "Protestant missions in the Northwest," Stephen R. Riggs (vol. vi, 117-188); "A Sioux story of the war, 1862," Chief Big Eagle (pp. 382-400); "Prehistoric man at the headwaters of the Mississippi River," J. V. Brower (vol. viii, 232-269); "The Ojibways in Minnesota," Joseph A. Gilfillan (vol. ix, 55-128); several papers on history of missions in Minnesota (vol. x, 156-246); "The Dakotas or Sioux in Minnesota as they were in 1834," Samuel W. Pond (vol. xii, 319-501).

------ Documents relating to the early history of Minnesota. Ms.

These collections contain many original manuscripts of great value for the history of the upper Mississippi region. Of especial interest are the papers of Henry H. Sibley, first governor of Minnesota; journals of Charles Larpenteur, Indian trader during forty years; letters received by Major Lawrence Taliaferro (dated 1813-1840) from prominent government officials; and papers connected with the Sioux outbreak in 1862.

MISSOURI HISTORICAL SOCIETY (St. Louis). Documents relating to the early history of Missouri. Ms.

A large and valuable collection, mainly concerned with the history of the region west of the Mississippi. Among them are a considerable number


relating to the subject of the present work, especially as follows: On trade and Indian affairs in Upper Louisiana, prior to 1800; papers and letters connected with William Clark's official life; Stephen W. Kearny's journals of trips up the Mississippi (1820) and Missouri (1824); Sibley manuscripts (1803-1836), largely on Indian affairs; and the Sublette and Vasquez collections, containing hundreds of letters, business papers, etc., relating to the fur-trade during the first half of the nineteenth century.

MOONEY, JAMES. The ghost-dance religion and the Sioux outbreak of 1890 (Washington, 1896).

In Bureau of Amer. Ethnology, Report for 1892-1893, part ii, pp. 641-1110.

---- Mescal plant and ceremony (Detroit, 1896).

In Therapeutic Gazette, third ser., vol. xii. Cf. also papers by D. W. Prentiss and F. P. Morgan on same subject (ibid.).

MOOREHEAD, WARREN K. Fort Ancient, the great prehistoric earthwork of Warren County, Ohio (Cincinnati, 1890).

----- Primitive man in Ohio (New York, 1892). ----- Prehistoric implements (Cincinnati, 1900). ----- Tonda, a story o'f the Sioux (Cincinnati, 1904). Illustrated.

MORGAN, LEWIS H. League of the Ho-de-no-sau-nee, or Iroquois (Rochester, N.Y., 1851). Illustrated.

This is a book of prime authority on the subject of the famous Iroquois League, and on the character, beliefs, customs, language, etc., of the tribes composing it. Morgan was adopted into the Seneca tribe, and made a careful study of the Iroquois peoples and their life. On a large map of the Iroquois country he shows all the villages and geographical features, with the Indian name of each -- a table of these, with meanings in English, and identification of locality, appearing at end of volume.

------ Indian migrations.

In North American Review, Oct., 1869 and Jan., 1870; reprinted in Beach's Ind. Miscellany, 158-257.

---- Systems of consanguinity and affinity of the human family (Washington, 1871).

In Contributions to Knowledge of Smithsonian Institution, vol. xvii.

---- Houses and house-life of the American aborigines (Washington, 1881). Illustrated.

In Contributions to Amer. Ethnology of U.S. Geographical and Geological Survey, vol. iv.

------ Ancient society; or researches in the lines of human progress from savagery through barbarism to civilization (New York, 1878).

Morgan was a profound student of social evolution and the origins of civilization, and his books are valuable contributions to those subjects.


MORSE, REV. JEDEDIAH. A report to the Secretary of War of the United States, comprising a narrative of ... the actual state of the Indian Tribes in our country (New Haven, 1822), [with map showing locations of the tribes].

Pp. 11-96 are occupied with Dr. Morse's report to the secretary of war (then John C. Calhoun) on his mission from the government to ascertain the condition of the Indian tribes, performed in the summer of 1820. The rest of the volume (pp. 97-406) is devoted to numerous appendices illustrative of the subject-reports from missionaries, traders, civil and military officials; speeches by Indian chiefs; extracts from some printed works; descriptions of little-known regions; and statistical tables showing the condition of the tribes, the dealings of our government with them, the schools established for them, etc. It is a valuable collection of the best material obtainable at that time, and furnished by competent observers, mainly eyewitnesses of what they related.

NEILL, EDWARD DUFFIELD. The history of Minnesota; from the earliest French explorations to the present time (Minneapolis, 1878, 1882).

First issued in 1858; both above editions (the third and fourth) revised and enlarged by adding much new material, to keep pace with later discovery and research. Written by a scholarly and able historian; contains much about the Indian tribes in Minnesota. The opening chapters of the first edition were reprinted as a separate (Phila., 1859) under the title Dahkotah Land, and Dahkotah Life.

------ History of the Ojebways and their connection with the fur traders.

In Minn. Historical Society Collections, vol. v, 395-410.

NOBLE LIVES of a noble race (Odanah, Wis., 1909). Illustrated.

Interesting as being mainly the work of the Indian children in the Franciscan industrial school at the Odanah mission. Contains also biographical sketches of missionaries and other friends of the Indians.

NORTH DAKOTA STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Collections (Bismark, 1906-1910+), vols. i-iii.

OGG, FREDERICK A. The opening of the Mississippi: a struggle for supremacy in the American interior (New York, 1904).

A history of discovery, exploration, and contested rights of navigation on the Mississippi, prior to the end of the War of 1812-1815; gives special attention to the physiographic aspects of the history of the Mississippi basin, and the economic importance of the great river.

OHIO ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Quarterly (Columbus, 1887-1910+), vols. i-xix.

OTIS, ELWELL S. The Indian question (New York, 1878).

An able and vigorous presentation of this subject from the standpoint of


an army officer. He shows that the Indian population is certainly not decreasing; reviews the policy of colonial and U. S. governments toward the Indian tribes, also the treaty system; regards the Indian as incapable of white civilization; and advocates military control of the reservations.

OWEN, MARY ALICIA. Folk-lore of the Musquakie Indians of North America (London, 1904). Illustrated.

This is vol. 51 of Publications of the Folk-lore Society [of Great Britain]. A monograph on the folk-lore and customs of the Musquakie Indians of Iowa, better known as the Sauk and Foxes, by a lady who for many years has known these Indians personally and well. During this long acquaintance she collected a considerable quantity of specimens of their ceremonial implements and their beadwork, articles which represented their genuine native industries and their actual usages in ceremonials; this collection she presented to the Folk-lore Society, accompanied by careful descriptive notes and the above monograph. These writings are printed as above, and are illustrated by eight plates (two in colors) from photographs. A unique and important contribution to the history of those tribes.

PARKMAN, FRANCIS. The conspiracy of Pontiac and the Indian war after the conquest of Canada (Boston, 1870).

The sixth edition, revised and enlarged.

------ La Salle and the discovery of the great West (Boston, 1879).

The eleventh edition, revised and enlarged, of "Discovery of the great West."

----- The old regime in Canada (Boston, 1874).

----- A half-century of conflict (Boston, 1892). 2 vols.

Covers the period 1700-1748; includes full account of the Fox War.

PARKMAN CLUB OF MILWAUKEE. Papers (Milwaukee, 1896-1897). 2 vols.

A series of eighteen short monographs on various topics of Wisconsin and Northwestern history. Among them are: "Nicholas Perrot," G. P. Stickney (no. 1); "Voyages of Radisson and Groseilliers," Henry C. Campbell (no. 2); "Chevalier Henry de Tonty," Henry E. Legler (no. 3); "Aborigines of the Northwest," F. T. Terry (no. 4); "Jonathan Carver," J. G. Gregory (no. 5); "Eleazer Williams," W. W. Wight (no. 7); "Charles Langlade," M. E. Mclntosh (no. 8); "Pere Rene Menard," H. C. Campbell (no. 11); "George Rogers Clark and his Illinois campaign," Dan B. Starkey (no. 12); "The use of maize by Wisconsin Indians," G. P. Stickney (no. 13); "Claude Jean Allouez," J. S. La Boule (no. 17).

PEET, STEPHEN D. Myths and symbols, or aboriginal religions in America (Chicago, 1905). Illustrated.

Discusses such subjects as Totemism and mythology; The serpent symbol in America; Sky worship; Phallic worship and fire worship; The rain god; Personal divinities and culture heroes; etc. Written by the editor (1878-1910) of the American Antiquarian.


PITEZEL, JOHN H. Lights and shades of missionary life during nine years spent in the region of Lake Superior (Cincinnati, 1857).

PITTMAN, PHILIP. The present state of the European settlements on the Mississippi; with a geographical description of that river, illustrated by plans and draughts (London, 1770).

This important work, now exceedingly rare, has been reprinted by the A. H. Clark Co. (Cleveland, 1906), edited and annotated by F. H. Hodder. Pittman was a British military engineer, and gives an accurate account, written from personal observation of the Mississippi settlements just after the English occupation of that country as a result of the peace of 1763. An authority in early Western history, of the highest importance.

POKAGON, SIMON. O-gi-maw-kwe mit-i-gwä-ki "Queen of the woods" (Hartford, Mich., 1899).

A partly autobiographical story and a chapter on the Algonquin language, written by the noted Potawatomi chief Pokagon; to this the publisher (C. H. Engle) has added a biographical sketch and other data.

---- An Indian on the problems of his race.

In Amer. Review of Reviews, Dec., 1895.

---- The future of the red man.

In Forum, Aug., 1897.

POOLE, D. C. Among the Sioux of Dakota: eighteen months' experience as an Indian agent (New York, 1881).

An interesting narrative by an army officer, of his experiences among the Sioux; he describes their character and mode of life, the difficulties arising from their relations with the white settlers, and the perplexities encountered in the administration of the agency system. Written in a spirit of fairness, and appreciation of the good traits in Indian character.

POWELL, JOHN W. The North American Indians (New York, 1894).

In N.S. Shaler's U.S. of America, vol. i, 190-272.

---- Sketch of the mythology of the North American Indians (Washington, 1881).

In First Report of Bureau Amer. Ethnology, 17-69.

---- Indian linguistic families of America north of Mexico (Washington, 1891).

In Seventh Report of Bureau of American Ethnology, 7-142.

------ Technology, or the science of industries.

In Amer. Anthropologist, new series, vol. i, 319-349.
----- American view of totemism (London, 1902).

In Man, vol. ii, no. 75.

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH in United States, General Assembly. The


church at home and abroad (Philadelphia, 1887-1898). Vols. 1-24. Illustrated.

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. Presbyterian monthly record (Philadelphia, 1850-1886). Vols. 1-37.

---- Woman's Board of Home Missions. The home mission monthly (New York, 1887-1910+). Vols. 1-24. Illustrated.

----- Women's Foreign Missionary Societies. Woman's work for woman (Philadelphia, Chicago, and New York, 1871-1910+). Vols. 1-25.

After 1904 styled Woman's Work.

PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH, Board of Missions. The spirit of missions (New York, 1836-1910+). Vols. 1-75. Illustrated (after 1873).

In volume for 1874 is a map of the U.S., showing the Indian reservations at that time.

RADISSON, PETER ESPRIT. Voyages of Peter Esprit Radisson, being an account of his travels and experiences among the North American Indians, from 1652 to 1684 (Boston, 1885).

Transcribed from original manuscripts in the Bodleian Library and the British Museum; edited by Gideon D. Scull; published by the Prince Society. Radisson and his companion, Medart des Groseilliers, explored the wilderness about Lakes Michigan and Superior (1654-1656), and spent a winter with the Sioux Indians in the vicinity of Lake Pepin (1659-1660) -- perhaps the first white men to visit those lands; so these narratives are of special interest and value.

RAMSEY, ALEXANDER. Annual report of the superintendent of Indian affairs in Minnesota territory (Washington, 1849).

Senate Executive Document, no. 1, 31st congress, first session.

RATZEL, FRIEDRICH. The history of mankind (London, 1896). 3 vols. Illustrated.

Translated from the second German edition. A popular but reliable guide to anthropological and ethnological study; and gives a well-written and systematic account of the races of man throughout the world; and contains over one thousand one hundred illustrations of excellent quality, chiefly obtained from material in the great museums.

RAU, CHARLES. Ancient aboriginal trade in North America; and North American stone implements (Washington, 1873).

In Report of Smithsonian Institution, 1872, pp. 348-408.

REBOK, HORACE M. The last of the Mus-Qua-Kies and the Indian Congress, 1898 (Dayton, O., 1900). Illustrated.

A historical sketch of the Fox and Sac tribes.


REYNOLDS, JOHN. The pioneer history of Illinois, 1673-1818 (Chicago, 1887). Illustrated.

First issued at Belleville, Ill., 1852; the second edition is much improved. The author was governor of Illinois during 1832-1834.

---- My own times, 1800-1855 (Chicago, 1879).

A revised edition of an earlier publication by the Chicago Historical Society.

RIGGS, STEPHEN R. Tah-koo Wah-kan, or, the gospel among the Dakotas (Boston, 1869).

A valuable account of the Dakota Sioux, their pagan customs, their native religious beliefs and worship, Protestant mission work among them, their outbreak in 1862 and its results. An appendix contains notes on their medical practices, and their songs and music. Written by a noted missionary, also remarkable for his linguistic ability; he compiled a Dakota grammar and dictionary (Washington, 1890; Dorsey's ed.), and, with his fellow-missionary Thomas S. Williamson, translated the entire Bible into that language -- published at Cincinnati (1842), and later at New York (1871-1872, and 1880).

------ Mary and I: forty years with the Sioux (Chicago, [1880]).

An interesting narrative of his experiences (1837-1877) as a missionary among the Sioux; mainly devoted to religious and educational work, but incidentally discloses considerable relating to Indian life and character.

RIGHT-HAND THUNDER. The Indian and white man; or, the Indian in self-defense (Indianapolis, 1880).

Written by an Indian chief; edited by D. W. Risher.

ROBINSON, DOANE. Sioux Indians -- a history (Cedar Rapids, la., 1908). Illustrated.

A full and authoritative history, from the best original sources, of the Sioux of Dakota; written by the superintendent of the South Dakota Historical Society.

----, editor. The South Dakotan, a monthly magazine (Sioux Falls, S. Dak., 1900-1904).

ROOSEVELT, THEODORE. The winning of the West (New York, 1889-1896). 4 vols.

ROYAL SOCIETY OF CANADA. Proceedings and transactions (Ottawa, 1882-1910+).

Contains much valuable material regarding the Indian tribes of the northern and eastern United States, as well as numerous articles and papers on Canadian history, biography, etc.

ROYCE, CHARLES C. Indian land cessions in the United States (Washington, 1900).

In the Eighteenth Report of Bureau of Amer. Ethnology, part ii. Describes


the policy toward the Indians of Spaniards, French, and English respectively, of the several English colonies, and of the United States; enumerates the treaties and acts of Congress authorizing allotments of land in severally; and presents a schedule of land cessions (from 1784 to 1894), with descriptive and historical data and remarks for each, and maps.

ROYCE, CHARLES C. An inquiry into the identity and history of the Shawnee Indians.

In Amer. Antiquarian, vol. iii, 177-189.

RUSH, BENJAMIN. An oration . . . containing an enquiry into the natural history of medicine among the Indians in North America, and a comparative view of their diseases and remedies, with those of civilized nations (Philadelphia, [1774]).

RUTTENBER, E. M. History of the Indian tribes of Hudson's River (Albany, N.Y., 1872). Illustrated.

A reliable account, with numerous annotations, and careful citation of authorities, of the tribes along the Hudson, some of which are mentioned by Perrot and La Potherie as being more or less connected with the affairs of the western tribes.

SCHOOLCRAFT, HENRY R. Notes on the Iroquois; or contributions to American history, antiquities, and general ethnology (Albany, 1847). Illustrated.

Largely historical and archeological; contains also several Iroquois traditions, a chapter on their language, and various miscellanies.

---- Oneota: or, characteristics of the red race of America (New York, 1845). Illustrated.

"From original notes and manuscripts."

---- Algic researches (New York, 1839). 2 vols.

"Comprising inquiries respecting the mental characteristics of the North American Indians."

---- Historical and statistical information respecting the history, condition and prospects of the Indian tribes of the United States (Philadelphia, 1851-1857). 6 vols. Illustrated.

"Collected and prepared under the direction of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, per act of Congress of March 3d, 1847. Published by authority of Congress." Schoolcraft used not only his own extensive knowledge, and the unusual opportunities furnished by his marriage to an Indian woman of high rank; but the information and experience of many persons throughout the country who were conversant with Indian character and life, and several original Ms. accounts, previously unpublished. His work is a cyclopedia of the best information then available, much of which is not to be found elsewhere; and it contains much valuable material (also some of little importance) for the study of Indian ethnology, archaeology, history, languages,


etc. The illustrations are largely steel engravings, mostly from drawings by Capt. S. Eastman, U.S.A.; and include many colored plates. In vol. vi the title becomes "History of the Indian tribes of the United States," etc.

SCHOOLCRAFT, HENRY R. The American Indians, their history, condition and prospects, from original notes and manuscripts, new revised edition (Rochester, 1851).

---- Personal memoirs of a residence of thirty years with the Indian tribes on the American frontiers, with brief notices of passing events, facts, and opinions, A.D. 1812 to A.D. 1842 (Philadelphia, 1851).

SCHULTZ, J. W. My life as an Indian (New York, 1907).

SHARP, MRS. ABIGAIL G. History of the Spirit Lake massacre, and captivity of Miss Abbie Gardner (Des Moines, 1885).

SHEA, JOHN GILMARY. History of the Catholic missions among the Indian tribes of the United States, 1529-1854 (New York, 1855). Illustrated.

A valuable work, by a leading authority in Catholic history. He relates the labors of Catholic missionaries -- Spanish, French, and English, including even mention of the Northmen in Greenland and Vinland -- in North America, with abundant reference to original authorities, and adds lists of the French missionaries.

---- Discovery and exploration of the Mississippi Valley: with the original narratives of Marquette, Allouez, Membre, Hennepin, and Anastase Douay (New York, 1853).

Translations of above narratives (with annotations and biographical sketches) by Shea.

---- Historical sketch of the Tlonontates, or Dinondadies, now called Wyandots.

In Historical Magazine, vol. v.

------ History of the Catholic Church in the United States from the first attempted colonization to the present time (New York, 1886-1892). 4 vols.

SMITH, ERMINNIE A. Myths of the Iroquois (Washington, 1883).

In Second Report of Bureau of Amer. Ethnology.

SMITH, GEN. THOMAS A. Letters, reports, and military orders, 1812-1818. Ms.

This officer served in the War of 1812, and during 1815-1818 was at the head of the Western Military Department, with headquarters at St. Louis. His letters, orders, etc., despatched in his official capacity, and letters and reports from his subordinate officers at Forts Smith, Osage, Armstrong, and Crawford, constitute this valuable collection. It is in the possession of the State Historical Society of Missouri, at Columbia.


SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION. Annual reports of the Boards of Regents (Washington, D.C., 1847-1910+). Illustrated.

The appendices to these reports contain "miscellaneous memoirs of interest to collaborators and correspondents of the Institution, teachers, and others engaged in the promotion of knowledge." Among these are often found papers on archaeological and ethnological subjects, written by experts, and largely based on material found in the National Museum. Among these may be noted, in recent reports, the following: Otis T. Mason, "Influence of Environment upon Human Industries or Arts" (1895); Thomas Wilson, "Prehistoric Art" (1896); Havelock Ellis, "Mescal, a new Artificial Paradise" (1897; reprinted from Contemporary Review, Jan., 1897); Alice C. Fletcher, "The Import of the Totem" [in the Omaha tribe], (1897); W. A. Phillips, "Stone Implements from the southern Shores of Lake Michigan" (1897); O. T. Mason, "Traps of the American Indians" (1901); W. H. Holmes, "Traces of Aboriginal Operations in an Iron Mine near Leslie, Mo." (1903); id, "The Contributions of American Archeology to History" (1904); Georg Friederici, "Scalping in America" (1906).

---- Reports of the United States National Museum (Washington, 1883-1910+). Illustrated.

In recent issues of these Reports are the following papers among those "describing and illustrating collections" in the Museum: J. D. McGuire, "Pipes and Smoking Customs of the American Aborigines" (1897); O. T. Mason, "The Man's Knife among the North American Indians" (1897); id, "A Primitive Frame for Weaving narrow Fabrics" (1898); id., "Aboriginal American Harpoons" (1900); id., "Aboriginal American Basketry" (1902).

---- Smithsonian contributions to knowledge, vols. i-xxxiv (Washington, 1848-1910+). Illustrated.

Notable articles therein: E. G. Squier, "Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley" (vol. i); id, "Aboriginal Monuments of the State of New York" (vol. ii); Charles Whittlesey, "Description of Ancient Works in Ohio" (vol. iii); I. A. Lapham, "The Antiquities of Wisconsin" (vol. vii); C. Whittlesey, "Ancient Mining on the shores of Lake Superior" (vol. xiii); Lewis H. Morgan, "Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family" (vol. xvii); Charles Rau, "The Archaeological Collection of the U.S. National Museum" (vol. xxii); id, "Prehistoric Fishing in Europe and North America" (vol. xxv).

SOCIETY FOR PROPAGATING THE GOSPEL among the Indians and others in North America, 1787-1887. [Boston, 1887.]

A centennial publication, containing historical sketches of the society, lists of officers, enumeration of its publications, etc. See the Reports and other matter issued by the society, for accounts of its work.

SOUTH DAKOTA STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Historical collections (Aberdeen, 1902-1908+). Illustrated.


Vol. ii is devoted to a "History of the Sioux Indians," by Doane Robinson, secretary of the society.

SQUIER, E. G., and E. H. Davis. Ancient monuments of the Mississippi valley (Washington, 1848). Illustrations.

In Contrib. to Knowledge of Smithsonian Institution, vol. i.

STARR, FREDERICK. American Indians (Boston, 1899). Illustrated.

"Intended as a reading book for boys and girls in school," for which purpose it is admirable.

STEARNS, ROBERT E. C. Ethno-conchology: a study of primitive money.

In Report of Smithsonian Institution, 1887, part ii, pp. 297-334.

STEVENS, FRANK E. The Black Hawk War, including a review of Black Hawk's life (Chicago, 1903). Illustrated.

By far the most extensive and full account of the Black Hawk War, and of the life and deeds of that noted chief; based on the best printed sources, interviews, and correspondences and numerous original documents. Contains over three hundred portraits and views, of great historical value.

STEWARD, JOHN F. Lost Maramech and earliest Chicago: a history of the Foxes and of their downfall near the great village of Maramech (Chicago, 1903). Illustrated.

The story of the Fox tribe, as found in original sources, chiefly Mss. from Paris archives. This author locates at Maramech Hill (near the junction of Big Rock Creek with the Fox River of Illinois) the great battle of 1730, when the Fox tribe was almost exterminated.

STICKNEY, GARDNER P. Nicholas Perrot.

------ The use of maize by Wisconsin Indians.

Both these papers are in Parkman Club Publications, q.v.

------ Indian use of wild rice.

In Amer. Anthropologist, vol. ix, 115-121.

STITES, SARA H. Economics of the Iroquois (Bryn Mawr, Pa., 1905).

In Monograph Series of Bryn Mawr College, vol. i, no. 3.

STURTEVANT, LEWIS. Indian corn and the Indian (Philadelphia, 1885).

In Amer. Naturalist, vol. xix.

TANNER, JOHN. Narrative of captivity and adventures during thirty years' residence among the Indians in the interior of North America (New York, 1830).

"Prepared for the press by Edwin James, M.D." A detailed narrative of Tanner's experiences among the Indian tribes of the northwest; their


customs and mode of life, etc. To this Dr. James has added much linguistic and ethnological information.

TAYLOR, EDWARD L. Monuments to historical Indian chiefs.

In Publications of Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, vol. ix, 1-31, xi, 1-29.

TECUMSEH. Letters, notes, memoirs, etc., relating to Tecumseh, 1780-1840. Ms. 13 vols.

A collection by L. C. Draper of materials for an intended life of this great chief; includes much and valuable unpublished material regarding Tecumseh's life, travels among the various tribes, influence on his fellow-Indians, battles, etc. It is in the possession of the Wisconsin State Historical Society.

TEXTOR, LUCY E. Official relations between the United,States and the Sioux Indians (Palo Alto, Cal., 1896).

Leiand Stanford University Publication. Contains a full resume of the Indian policy of the United States.

THOMAS, CYRUS. Indians of North America in historic times (Philadelphia, 1903). Illustrated.

In History of North America (Guy C. Lee, editor), vol. ii. Written "in conference with W. J. McGee."

---- Introduction to the study of North American archaeology (Cincinnati, 1898; reprinted in 1903).

------Burial mounds of the northern section of the United States (Washington, 1887).

In Fifth Report, Bureau of Amer Ethnology.
------ Catalogue of prehistoric works east of the Rocky Mountains (Washington, 1891).

Bulletin 12, Bureau of Amer. Ethnology. A bibliography of the writings of this eminent scientist, prepared by himself a short time before his death, is published in Amer. Anthropologist, new series, vol. xii, 339-343.

THOMAS, WILLIAM I. Source book for social origins: ethnological materials, psychological standpoint, classified and annotated bibliographies for the interpretation of savage society (Chicago, 1909).

THWAITES, REUBEN G. France in America, 1497-1763 (New York, 1905).

This is vol. vii in The American Nation (A. B. Hart, editor).

---- The story of Wisconsin (Boston, 1899).

Revised and enlarged from edition of 1890.

---- Wisconsin: the Americanization of a French settlement (Boston, 1908).


THWAITES, REUBEN G. How George Rogers Clark won the Northwest, and other essays in Western history (Chicago, 1903).

---- Father Marquette (New York, 1902).

---- The story of the Black Hawk War (Madison, Wis., 1892).

In Wisconsin Historical Collections, vol. xii.

------ (editor). Early western travels, 1748-1846 (Cleveland, 1904-1907). 32 vols. Illustrated.

"A series of annotated reprints of some of the best and rarest contemporary volumes of travel, descriptive of the Aborigines and social and economic conditions in the Middle and Far West, during the period of early American settlement." A most valuable contribution to American history, inasmuch as the works here reprinted are seldom found except in the large collections of Americana, and were thus accessible to but few students; and as this edition furnishes with them copious annotations and other aids to the reader, the results of modern research. Among these writings are some that relate to the tribes considered in the present work, or to the history of the period which it covers; the more important of these are noted as follows: Volume I. Conrad Weiser's journal of a tour to the Ohio, 1748; George Croghan's letters and journals, 1750-1765; Charles F. Post's journals of Western tours, 1758-1759; Thomas Morris's Journal of . . . experiences on the Maumee, 1764 (London, 1791). [These documents are especially valuable because they furnish the history of English relations with the French and Indians upon the western borders during the last French War, and its sequel, Pontiac's conspiracy. Two of the authors, Weiser and Croghan, were government Indian agents; the third, Post, was a Moravian missionary; and the fourth, Morris, was a British army officer.]

Volume II. J. Long's Voyages and travels of an Indian Interpreter and trader (London, 1791). [The author spent twenty years in the fur-trade and among the northern tribes, and presents a graphic picture of Indian and Canadian life, and of conditions and methods in the fur-trade; also many vocabularies of Indian words, and observations on their analogies.]

Volume V. John Bradbury's Travels in the interior of America, in 1800-1811 (London, 1819). [Bradbury was a zealous and indefatigable observer, and traveled through most of the regions of the Mississippi valley, and up the Missouri. His book is one of the best existing authorities of this period.]

Volume VI. H. M. Brackenridge's Journal of a voyage up the River Missouri, 1811 (Baltimore, 1816). [A reliable early authority.]

Volume VIlI. Estwick Evans's Pedestrious tour . . . through the Western states and territories, 1818 (Concord, N.H., 1819). [Evans traveled along Lake Erie to Detroit, and down the Ohio and Mississippi to the Gulf.]

Volume XIII. Thomas Nuttall's Journal of travels into the Arkansas Territory, 1810; with observations on the manners of the aborigines (Philadelphia, 1821). [The author was a scientist of high standing, who in the pursuit of knowledge traveled more than five thousand miles, through a region of which most was still the possession of wild Indian tribes; of these he has given minute and reliable accounts.]


Volumes xxii-xxv. Prince Maximilien's Voyage in the interior of North America, 1832-1834. English translation (London, 1843). [An elaborate account -- descriptive, historical, ethnological, and scientific -- of the region between the Mississippi and the Rocky Mountains, and of the Indian tribes dwelling therein; magnificently illustrated by a special artist who accompanied the expedition.]

THWAITES, REUBEN G. (editor). [See also Jesuit Relations; and Wisconsin Historical Society, Collections and Proceedings.]

TURNER, FREDERICK J. The character and influence of the Indian trade in Wisconsin; a study of the trading post as an institution (Baltimore, 1891).

In Johns Hopkins Univ. Studies, vol. ix, 543-615. A revised and enlarged form of an address given before the Wisconsin Historical Society, Jan. 3, 1889 (printed in Proceedings of the society, 1889, pp. 52- 98).

------ Rise of the new West, 1819-1829 (New York, 1906).
This is vol. xiv of The American Nation (A. B. Hart, editor).

------ The significance of the frontier in American history (Madison, Wis., 1893).

In Proceedings of Wis. Historical Society, 1893, pp. 79-112.

TYLOR, EDWARD B. Primitive culture: researches into the development of mythology, philosophy, religion, language, art, and custom (London, 1903). 2 vols.

First published in 1871; above is fourth edition, revised.

UPHAM, WARREN, and others. Minnesota in three centuries: 1655-1908 ([New York], 1908). 4 vols. Illustrated.

Written by the secretary and other members of the Minnesota Historical Society, largely from original material in the collections of that society.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. Statistics of Indian tribes, Indian agencies, and Indian schools of every character; corrected to January I, 1899 (Washington, 1899).

---- Half-breed scrip. Chippewas of Lake Superior (Washington, 1874).

"The correspondence and action under the 7th clause of the second article of the treaty with the Chippewa Indians of Lake Superior and the Mississippi . . . concluded at La Pointe, Sept. 30, 1854," including also reports of government commissions appointed in 1871 and 1872.

VERWYST, REV. CHRYSOSTOMUS. Life and labors of Rt. Rev. Frederic Baraga (Milwaukee, 1900). Illustrated.

A carefully-prepared narrative (from original sources) of the noted Bishop Baraga's missionary labors among the Indian tribes in the northern peninsula of Michigan (1831-1867). Contains much valuable information


about the Indians, their mode of life, character, beliefs, etc.; and includes sketches of earlier missionaries.

VERWYST, REV. CHRYSOSTOMUS. Missionary labors of Fathers Marquette, Menard, and Allouez, in the Lake Superior region (Milwaukee and Chicago, 1886).

WAKEFIELD, JOHN A. History of the war between the United States and the Sac and Fox Nations of Indians (Jacksonville, Ill., 1834; Chicago, 1908, Caxton Club reprint). Illustrated.

A valuable contemporary account, by a militia officer engaged in that war. To the reprint are added useful notes and a sketch of Wakefield's life by the editor, Frank E. Stevens.

WALKER, FRANCIS A. The Indian question (Boston, 1874).

The author was commissioner of Indian affairs, and discusses the Indian policy of the United States.

WARREN, WILLIAM W. History of the Ojibways, based upon traditions and oral statements (St. Paul, 1885).

This account is contained in vol. v of the Minnesota Historical Society's Collections, 21-394.

WEBB, J. WATSON, editor. Altowan, or life and adventure in the Rocky Mountains (New York, 1846). 2 vols.

Contains accounts of the mode of life, character, and traditions of the Winnebago and Potawatomi Indians.

WEBSTER, HUTTON. Primitive secret societies: a study in early politics and religion (New York, 1908).

Shows painstaking research and compilation, and is "probably the best general work on the subject that has yet appeared, at least in English." It treats such topics as "The men's house," "The puberty institution," "The secret rites," "Development of tribal societies," "Clan ceremonies," "Magical fraternities," etc.

WHITE, E. E. Service on the Indian reservations (Little Rock, Ark., 1893).

"The experiences of a special Indian agent while inspecting agencies and serving as agent for various tribes, including explanations of how the government service is conducted on the reservations; descriptions of agencies; anecdotes illustrating the habits, customs, and peculiarities of the Indians."

WILSON, DANIEL. Prehistoric man: researches into the origin of civilization in the Old and the New World, third edition (London, 1876). Illustrated.

In Proceedings of Royal Society of Canada are the following papers by this author: "The Huron-Iroquois of Canada, a typical race of American aborigines" (vol. ii, sec. 2, pp. 55-106); "Paleolithic dexterity" (vol. ill, sec. 2, pp. 119-133); "Trade and commerce in the stone age" (vol. vii, sec. 2, pp. 59-87).


WILSON, FRAZER E. The treaty of Greenville (Piqua, O., 1894).

An official account of the treaty, together with the expeditions of St. Clair and Wayne against the northwestern Indian tribes.

WILSON, THOMAS. Arrowpoints, spearheads, and knives of prehistoric times.

In Report of U.S. National Museum, 1897, part I, pp. 811-988.

---- Prehistoric art.

In Report of U.S. National Museum, 1896, pp. 325-664.

---- Study of prehistoric anthropology.

In Report of U.S. National Museum, 1888, pp. 597-671.

WINSOR, JUSTIN. Mississippi basin: the struggle in America between England and France, 1697-1763 (Boston and New York, 1895). Illustrated.

---- Narrative and critical history of America (Boston and N.Y., 1889). 8 vols. Illustrated.

Volume I is devoted largely to the aborigines of North America; and a bibliography of that subject is given in pp. 413-444.

------ The westward movement: the colonies and the republic west of the Alleghanies (Boston, 1897). Illustrated.

WISCONSIN fur-trade accounts, 1792-1875. Ms. 17 vols.

These papers (in the possession of the Wisconsin State Historical Society) include invoices, claims, and other business documents, written in both French and English, and refer to practically all the territory on the map published with this book. They are concerned mainly with the operations of the Green Bay fur-traders, and to some extent those of Mackinac; and include, besides, many military and government accounts.

WISCONSIN STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Vols. i-xix (Madison, Wis., 1855-1910+).

This series constitutes one of our most valuable sources for the history of French occupation and of the Indian tribes of the northwest. It was edited by Dr. Lyman C. Draper (1855-1888) and Dr. Reuben G. Thwaites (since 1888), successively secretaries of the Wisconsin Historical Society, and both widely known as authorities in the field of Wisconsin history and in that of the Indian tribes of the state. It contains much original documentary material, often its first publication; papers and articles by many specialists in those lines; reminiscences and narratives by old residents, traders, missionaries, and others; reports of interviews with Indian chiefs, etc. Many references have been made to the Collections in the annotations to the present work. The following list of articles especially bearing on the field of this work may be found therein:
Volume l -- Lieut. James Gorrell's journal, 1761-1763, pp. 24-48 (account


of the Indians, their commerce, relations with English, councils, etc.); Charles Whittlesey's "Recollections," 1832, pp. 64-85 (Black Hawk War, and other matter about Indians).

Volume II -- James H. Lockwood's "Early Times in Wisconsin," (1812-1832, pp. 130-195 (Indian trade, character, customs, relations with whites, etc.); John Shaw's "Narrative," (1812-1816), pp. 204-229 (relations of Indians with whites); Papers on Winnebago and Black Hawk Wars (1827-1832), pp. 329-414; "Advent of N.Y. Indians into Wisconsin" (1816-1838), pp. 415-449.

Volume III -- J. G. Shea's "Indian Tribes in Wisconsin," pp. 125-138. Cass Mss. (documents from French archives, 1723-1727), pp. 139-177 (customs of Indians, relations with French); Alfred Brunson's "Ancient Mounds in Crawford County," pp. 178-184 (followed by résumé of Lapham's Antiquities of Wisconsin); Augustin Grignon's "Recollections," 1745-1832, pp. 197-295 (Langlade, Indian trade and traders, sketches of Indian chiefs, etc.); B. P. H. Witherell's "Reminiscences," pp. 297-337 (Tecumseh, War of 1812, etc.); R. F. Morse's "Chippewas of Lake Superior," pp. 338-369.

Volume IV -- John Y. Smith's "Origin of the American Indians," pp. 117-152; Ebenezer Childs's "Recollections," pp. 156-185 (1820-1832; Indian trade, Black Hawk, etc.); Alfred Brunson's "Early History of Wisconsin, pp. 223-251 (Indian tribes, relations with whites); various papers relating to New York Indians, pp. 291-334.

Volume V -- "Canadian Documents," 1690-1730 (obtained from French archives), pp. 64-122 (Fox War, etc.); Papers on the Winnebago War of 1827 (Lewis Cass, T. L. McKenney, and others), pp. 123-158, 178-204; id, on the Black Hawk War, pp. 285-320; Notices of Chippewa chief Hole-in-the-Day, pp. 376-416.

Volume VI -- Forsyth's journal of a voyage up the Mississippi, 1819, pp. 188-219 (followed by a letter from him to Gen. William Clark); Moses Meeker's "Early History of the Lead Region," pp. 271-296.

Volume VII -- J. D. Butler's "Prehistoric Wisconsin," pp. 80-101; Joseph Tasse's "Memoir of Charles de Langlade," pp. 123-187; J. T. de la Ronde's "Narrative," (1828-1842), pp. 346-365; Henry Merrell's "Narrative," (1835-1840), pp. 382-399.

Volume VIII -- Papers on implements and early mining of copper, pp. 140-173; "The Pictured Cave of La Crosse Valley," pp. 174-187; Documents relating to the French in the Northwest, 1737-1800, pp. 209-240; M. M. Strong's "Indian Wars in Wisconsin," pp. 241-286.

Volume X -- E. Crespel's account of De Lignery's expedition, 1728, pp. 47-53; French forts in Wisconsin (by E. D. Neill, L. C. Draper and others), pp. 54-63, 292-372; Lawe and Grignon papers, 1794-1821, pp. 90-40; Papers of Thomas G. Anderson (British Indian agent), 1814-1821, pp. 142" 149; Papers on the Black Hawk War, pp. 150-229.

Volume XI -- "Western State Papers," (documents relating to French, English, and American domination), 1671-1787, pp. 26-63; Radisson's "Voyages" in Wisconsin, pp. 64-96; Papers from Canadian archives, I778-I783, pp. 97-212; Documents (by Dickson, Forsyth, and others) relating to Wisconsin in War of 1812, pp. 247-355.


Volume XII -- Documents from Canadian archives, 1767-1814, pp. 23-132; Two papers on Indian trade, pp. 133-169; R. G. Thwaites's "Story of the Black Hawk War," pp. 217-265; Papers of Indian Agent Boyd, 1832, pp. 266-298; Moses Paquette's account of Wisconsin Winnebagoes, pp. 399-433.

Volume XIII -- Documents relating to British occupation of Prairie du Chien in War of 1812, pp. 1-162; Early mining and use of lead (O. G. Libby and R. G. Thwaites), pp. 271-374; History of Chequamegon Bay (R. G. Thwaites and Rev. C. Verwyst), pp. 397-440.

Volume XIV -- Elizabeth T. Baird's "Early Days on Mackinac Island," pp. 17-64; A. J. Turner's "History of Fort Winnebago," etc., pp. 65- 117; Catholic missions to Indians, in nineteenth century, pp. 155-205.

Volume XV -- "Some Wisconsin Indian Conveyances, 1793-1836," pp. 1-24;
Mission to the Stockbridge Indians, 1825-1848, pp. 25-204.

Volumes XVI-XVII -- Documents from the French archives, relating to the French regime in Wisconsin (1634-1748); many of these were hitherto unpublished, and they correct many errors and fill many gaps in northwestern history of that period.

Volume XVIII -- Documents from the French, Canadian, and Spanish archives, relating to the domination of France (1743-1760) and England (1760-1800) in Wisconsin. Register of marriages in the parish of Michilimackinac, 1725-1821.

Volume XIX -- Register of Mackinac baptisms, etc., 1695-1821, pp. 1-162; Journal of the fur-trader Malhiot, 1804-1805, pp. 163-233; The fur trade on the upper lakes, and in Wisconsin, 1778-1815, pp. 234-488 (from original sources in the Federal archives at Washington, the libraries of C. M. Burton and the Wis. Historical Society, etc.).

WISCONSIN STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Proceedings, at the annual meetings (Madison, 18-1910+).

Notable papers in recent years: "Indian agriculture in Southern Wisconsin," B. H. Hibbard (1904); "Historic sites on Green Bay," A. C. Neville, and "Printed narratives of Wisconsin travelers prior to 1800," Henry E. Legler (1905); "The habitat of the Winnebago, 1632-1832," P. V. Lawson, and "The Mascoutin Village [in central Wisconsin]," John J. Wood and Rev. Arthur E. Jones, S. J. (1906); "The Fox Indians during the French regime," Louise P. Kellogg (1907); "The old West," Frederick J. Turner (1908); "Indian Diplomacy and the opening of the Revolution in the West," James Alton James, and "Bibliography of Carver's Travels," John T. Lee (1909); "The relation of archaeology and history," Carl R. Fish, and "A Menominee Indian payment in 1838," Gustave de Neveu (1910).

WOOD, NORMAN B. Lives of famous Indian chiefs (Aurora, Ill. [1906]). Illustrated.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES of nearly a score of renowned Indian chiefs, from Powhatan to Geronimo; also numerous anecdotes, stories, etc., designed to show the traits of the Indian character. The illustrations are unusually good-chiefly portraits, most of them from pictures in Field and National Museums.


YARROW, H. C. Introduction to the study of mortuary customs among the North American Indians (Washington, 1880).

A Bulletin of Smithsonian Institution.

------ A further contribution to the study of the mortuary customs of the North American Indians (Washington, 1881).

In First Report of Bureau of American Ethnology, pp. 87-203.

YOUNG, EGERTON R., compiler. Algonquin Indian tales (New York, [1903]). Illustrated.

Collected among the Ojibwa and other northern peoples, during some thirty years. A chief figure in them is the miraculous being Nanabozho.

ZITKALA-SA. Old Indian legends retold (Boston, 1901).

A delightful collection of Dakota stories told by an educated young woman of that people, and illustrated by Miss Angel de Cora, an artist belonging to the Winnebago tribe.



Doctor Paul Radin, of the Bureau of American Ethnology, has kindly revised the proofs for the second half of volume II and prepared the following additional matter. This courtesy was extended by Doctor Radin to the editor on account of the latter's serious illness and to avoid delay in publication.

The index was prepared by Gertrude M. Robertson.

Location of tribes.

Amikwa: on the north shore of Lake Huron opposite Manitoulin, Indiana till 1672; scattered to French settlements afterwards, some of them going to Green Bay.

Chippewa: formerly along both shores of Lake Huron and Lake Superior across Minnesota to Turtle Mountains. In 1640, they were at the Sault. Since 1815 they have been settled in Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and North Dakota. Villages -- Cheboygan and Thunder Bay in lower Michigan, Pawating and Ontonagon in Wisconsin.

Conestoga: an Iroquoian tribe on the Susquehanna River.

Delaware: the entire basin of the Delaware River, in eastern Pennsylvania and southeastern New York with most of Delaware and New Jersey.

Fox: Lake Winnebago and Fox River, with numerous villages along the same.

Huron: Lake Simcoe, south and east of Georgian Bay and afterwards along the St. Lawrence River. Villages -- Andiata and Sandusky.

Illinois: formerly in southern Wisconsin and northern Illinois and sections of Iowa and Missouri, along western banks of the Mississippi as far as the Des Moines River.

Menominee: first at the Bay de Noque and Menominee River. In 1671 to 1852 on or near the Menominee and Fox Rivers. Villages -- St. Francis and St. Michael.

Miami: in 1658 at St. Michael about the mouth of Green Bay. Villages -- Little Turtle and Piankaskaw.


Mascoutin: beyond and south of Lake Huron and subsequently on the Fox River.
Mohawk: in the upper part of New York State.
Montagnais: on the St. Maurice River and eastward almost to the Atlantic Ocean.
Neutrals: north of Lake Erie.
Nippising: on Lake Nippising and Lake Nipigon.
Oneida: south of Lake Oneida.
Onondaga: in Onondaga County, New York.
Ottawa: on French River, Georgian Bay. Villages -- Walpole Island and Michilimacinac.
Peoria: on some river west of Mississippi and above the mouth of the Wisconsin River, probably upper Iowa River.
Potawatomi: on the western shore of Lake Huron and south along the western shore of Lake Michigan. Villages -- Milwaukee and
Little Rock. Sauk: the eastern peninsula of Michigan and south of it. Village--
De pere Rapids, Wisconsin.
Shawnee: South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Ohio. Seneca: western New York between Lake Seneca and Genesee River. Santee Sioux: near Lake Buadelower, Minnesota. Teton Sioux: above the Falls of St. Anthony, Minnesota. Winnebago: Green Bay and along the shores of the Fox River and Lake Winnebago. Villages - Red Banks and Doty Island. Yankton Sioux: north of Mille Lac, Minnesota.

Addition to annotations.

Volume II page 192, line 13, "parties:" Schoolcraft in Thirty years with the Indian tribes, 215-216, gives an eloquent description of a party of Fox warriors. He says: "But no tribe attracted so intense a degree of interest as the lowas and the Sacs and Foxes, tribes of radically diverse languages, yet united in a league against the Sioux. These tribes were encamped on the island or opposite coast. They came to the treaty ground armed and dressed as a war party. They were all armed with spears, clubs, guns, and knives. Many of the warriors had a long tuft of red horse hair tied to their elbows and bore a necklace of grizzly bears claws. Their head-dress consisted of red dyed horse-hair, tied in such a manner to the scalp-locks to present the shape of the decoration of a Roman helmet. The rest of the head was completely shaved and painted. A long iron-shod lance was carried in the hand. A species of baldric supported


part of their arms. The azian, moccasin, and leggings constituted part of their arms. They were indeed nearly nude and painted. Often, the print of a hand in white clay, marked the back or shoulders. They bore flags of feathers. They beat drums. They uttered yells at definite points. They landed in compact ranks. They looked the very spirit of defiance. Their leader stood as a prince, majestic and frowning. The wild native pride of man, in the savage state, flushed by success in war and confident in the strength of his arm was never so fully depicted to my eyes. And the forest tribes of the continent may be challenged to have ever presented a spectacle of bold daring and martial prowess equal to their landing."

Additions to bibliography.

Volume II, page 302, following line 15:
An interesting discovery regarding Perrot's memoir has been made by Mr. Wilberforce Eames of Lenox Library, New York City. This is, that the book had two issues in the same year, pages 221 and 222 being cancelled and cut out and replaced by another leaf which was pasted on the stub of the former. The changes in the two pages mentioned, were made in the second issue of the year. The differences between the two issues are for the most part in minor details. In some cases, the second issue omits details mentioned in the first issue, and vice versa. All these details relate to the distribution of the Illinois tribes.

Mr. Eames has courteously placed these facts and a transcript of the cancelled pages at the disposal of the editor.

Also the following additions to the alphabetical arrangement of the bibliography, volume II, pages 330-339:
LETTRES ÉDIFIANTES et curieuses écrites des missions étrangčres; collected by C. Ie Gobien, J. B. du Halde, N. Maréchal and L. Patouillet and first published in Paris, 1776. Rearranged and edited by Y.M.M.T. de Querbeuf (Paris, 1780-1788), 14 vols.

Only vols. iv and v relate to America.

LEWIS, J. O. The Aboriginal Portfolio (Philadelphia, 1835).

RADIN, PAUL. Winnebago tales; printed in Journal of American Folklore, 1909.

---- Clan organization of the Winnebago; printed in American Anthropologist, 1910.

---- The ritual and significance of the Winnebago medicine dance; printed in Journal of American Folklore, 1911.