What the Democracy are Fighting For.
August 16, 1858.
The Douglas and Buchanan factions, however they may hate each other personally, seem to be fully agreed and harmonious as to their principles. They both take the bold stand, as we see it stated in one of their neighboring organs:
"That the slaveholder has the same right to remove with his property to the Territories, as the people of the North with their live stock. That they should be protected in the possession of such property, as guaranteed by the Constitution of the United States."
We ask old Jefferson and Jackson Democrats how this doctrine tallies with that which they were bred and brought up to. It is hardly five years since even Douglas, who has since been guilty of all manner of political iniquity, denounced and spat upon it. The doctrine of all parties, until recently, has been: that slavery is a creature of local law, and cannot exit outside the State which establishes it. Now as new light has dawned upon Douglas and his brother conspirators, and they boldly argue that slavery is "GUARANTEED by the Constitution of the United States," instead of by the Constitutions and laws of the slave States.
The next step and it is but a short one will be to put the institution of slavery entirely beyond the control of the several States. In making it the creature of the Federal Constitution, they take it out of the power of any State to interfere with it; for, if the possession of slaves, as property, is "guaranteed" to their owners by the Constitution of the United States, it is clear that a State Constitution cannot deprive them of that property, as any provision it might make on the subject, being in direct violation of the Constitution of the United States, would be utterly void.
Thus, by their own showing in their indorsement of the Dred Scott decision, the Democracy maintain let them, when hard pressed, deny it or equivocate about it as they will that slavery may be introduced into any of the free States at any time, and maintained there in spite of the will of the people. This is the doctrine of the bogus Democracy. The free laborers of Illinois should remember it, for to them belongs the defense of our State from the slavery policy of that party. To this end the Democratic party is laboring, and the mutual exultation of the Douglas and Buchanan factions over the defeat of the free labor candidate for Congress in St. Louis, by a pro-slavery man, shows that their feelings accord exactly with their political declarations.