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August 21, 1858.

There seems to be an opinion abroad that there is a difference between Douglasism and Buchananism, which is sufficient to disintegrate the party, and that to support Mr. Douglas is not to support and subscribe to Locofocoism; but that those wishing to break down and oppose successfully the party now ruling the federal government, can best secure that end by supporting Mr. Douglas. That such an opinion should exist at all is strange; but that it should obtain in the minds of well informed men, at this time, is wonderful.

That Mr. Douglas and the administration have differed upon one point is true, but Mr. D. himself says that point of difference is settled, and no longer exists. He has been speaking continuously at different points in the State, for several weeks, and in every speech his greatest labor has been to sustain the federalism of the Democratic party. He has pretended to advocate popular sovereignty, yet upon the only question to which he and his party apply that doctrine (the question of slavery in the Territories), he destroys his own pretended support by indorsing the Dred Scott decision, which says positively that the Constitution carries slavery into the Territories, and that neither Congress nor the people have the power or right to exclude it. In all and each of his speeches in this canvass he has proclaimed himself a Democrat -- declaring the only difference which ever existed between himself and the other leaders was their opinions of policy upon the Kansas Lecompton Constitution, which difference he now affirms is fully settled, and no long in the way, and that at this time the Democracy are a unit thereby indorsing fully the federal, anti American policy of James Buchanan, and shouldering, without a murmur, his full share of the only hundred and four millions of public money wasted, squandered, stolen, within one year, by the vampires at the head of affairs, of whom he says he is proud to know he is one. Indeed, in his blind fealty to this party of treasury grabbers, he even forgets his opposition to that settled measure which seemed so likely to interfere with his return to the Senate, and shouts applause over a party triumph achieved entirely upon the Lecompton question. While speaking at Hillsboro, the other day, he received a dispatch announcing the election of Barrett in St. Louis. He immediately read the dispatch, called for three cheers for Missouri Dick, and, as his partizan sheets pathetically remark, was so overcome by his joyful feelings that he had to cease speaking.

It is true that there are Democrats in this State who, galled by the yoke that, as their leader, he has put upon them, and under which the yoke that, as their leader, he has put upon them, and under which they have drawn him into fortune and place, have taken advantage of the misunderstanding on the Lecompton question to try and slip the yoke, or at least secure another driver but how have they succeeded? The other day, at Cincinnati, Mr. Stevens, of Georgia, the leader of the Southern Democracy, and the strongest advocate in Congress of the President's Kansas policy said that Mr. Douglas ought to have the support of the party, that his issue of difference had passed, and that now, as before this question arose, he was with them and of them in everything and upon all points. So that upon this matter we have the word of Mr. Douglas himself we have his actions, and we have the word of Mr. Buchanan's right bower, that Douglasism and Locofocoism, as illustrated by the acts and speeches and policy of the men now in power are one and the same, and that support of Mr. D. is the positive indorsement of treasury grabbing, foreign pandering Locofocoism. Whigs and Americans, if you like the dose, swallow it.