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Correspondence to the Illinois State Journal -- Douglas at Hillsboro.

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August 6, 1858.

Hillsboro, August 3, 1858.

To the Editors of the Journal: -- Political information being necessary for the general welfare, I send you a brief sketch of the Douglas fandango held at this place on yesterday.

An obedient committee of Douglas disciples in due time (July 21, 1858,) issued their decree by public advertisement, printed in large letters, in the following words: "Douglas is coming. Hon. S. A. Douglas will address the citizens of Montgomery and adjoining counties, at Hillsboro, August 2, at the hour of one o'clock P.M. Come on, come all. Ample arrangements will be made to accommodate all with comfortable seats." Signed by Hiram Rountree, A. H. H. Rountree, James M. Davis, R. W. Davis, Edward Y. Rice and seven others a full dozen and one thrown in to make good weight.

Well, on last Saturday their master came, accompanied by his chief secretary, the very pink of Democracy, and was comfortably deposited in a room specially prepared for himself and his worshipers. A long pole, with a flag, of many colors (emblematic of the creature's many changes) suspended high in the heavens, notified all where private adoration would most acceptably be received. Early in the day (on Monday) he feasted with his disciples, conversing with them freely on the signs of the times and the blessings to come, and he comforted them greatly and strengthened them in the spirit of hope of rich offices when he should be made, under Providence, the President of these United States of America.

After feasting and strengthening each other with much spirit, they proceeded to the Fair ground for an exhibition of the grand and lofty tumbling of the little Giant, preceded by bands of music and by flags of various devices, and followed by some of his worthy worshipers, and many worthy others who deem him unworthy of all worldly honors. Arrived at the grounds, his presence was announced by his most worthy and talented and hopeful secretary, one of the original thirteen, who, in pathetic language, advised the people to observe well the words of their master, treasure them up and teach them to their children. Another of the thirteen, a late Whig, converted most miraculously of his past errors of thought, marshalled the mighty host, which consisted of about two thousand souls, three fourth of whom were women, children and boys, who came only to see the mighty show. Still another of the thirteen, a late Republican candidate for the Legislature from this and Christian county, who was beaten by a Democrat, but since most miraculously converted to Douglas, welcomed the little Giant in a most eloquent speech, commenting on the wisdom of his Kansas and Nebraska act, to which he was so lately made a martyr. He saw now nothing but beauty and consistency in one who, a little while ago, appeared to him ugly and inconsistent. He had however, received the new spirit, and saw with new eyes. The little Giant idol accepted the homage of the little Giant orator, and proceeded to deliver his oracle.

He declared his great love and esteem for Whigs, and boasted that he now stood with John T. Stuart, his old Whig opponent, on the same platform. He charged Lincoln with a desire to abolish slavery, and of favoring amalgamation, neglecting to say that Lincoln had disavowed intention or desire to meddle with slavery in States where now permitted, and that Lincoln was in favor of an entire separation of the black and white races, which precludes all amalgamation.

This same Little Giant in 1850, declared — (these are his words) -- "We all look forward with confidence to the time when Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri, and probably North Carolina and Tennessee, will adopt a gradual system of emancipation, under the operation of which those States must in process of time become free. In the mean time, we have a vast territory, stretching from the Mississippi to the Pacific, which is rapidly filling up with an enterprising and industrious population, large enough to form at least seven free States." "I think I am safe in assuming that each of these will be free Territories and free States, whether Congress shall prohibit slavery or not." Yet this changeful Little Giant now condemns Mr. Lincoln for desiring the same thing.

This uncertain oracle said in 1850, on the subject of territorial sovereignty: "Each State as a member of the Confederacy, has a right to a voice in forming rules and regulations for the government of the Territories." Yet he has now the impudence to denounce all that now hold to that doctrine. In 1850, he said: "It is no violation of Southern rights to prohibit slavery, nor of Northern rights, to leave the people to decide for themselves." But now he sustains the decision in the Dred Scott case, which declares that slaves can be carried under the protection of the Constitution into all the Territories belonging to the Union. If the worshipers of this little idol would read what he has said and now says, and had independence enough to think and act for themselves, they would no longer worship at such a shrine.

It is apparent that Mr. Douglas is striving to organize a party to make himself President. He endeavored to secure the united slave power by the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, which opened the way to slavery in Kansas. He defended the acts of the usurpers of the government of Kansas, and still maintains their authority. He slandered and defamed the honest citizens of Kansas, and called them traitors, because they refused obedience to the acts of usurpers, and offered resistance to murderers and ruffians. He voted against the amendment to his Kansas territorial bill, allowing the people of the Territory to admit or reject slavery. Yet he has the consummate effrontery to call himself the patron of popular sovereignty. Thus he envelopes himself and hopes to cheat the masses by his monstrous falsehoods and sophistries.

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