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Progress of the Campaign. Lincoln and Kellog on the Stump.

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August 20, 1858.

HAVANA, Ill., Aug. 14th, 1858.

A large number of Beardstown citizens yesterday morning accompanied Mr. Lincoln to the steamboat landing, and as he took passage on the "Senator," commanded by a good Republican, Capt. Garret, loud cheers went up from those on shore, and which were responded to by thrilling music from a brass band, furnished by the Beardstown Republicans, was hoisted on the steamer, and waved gracefully over the company on its tour up the river. Arriving at the Havana wharf, some five hundred persons, composing half the audience of Senator Douglas, (who was speaking in the edge of town,) and who had left the speaking to welcome Lincoln, greeted the Republicans from the steamer. Those, with the committee of reception, conducted the tall Republican standard bearer to the residence of a friend, and which proved a pleasant resting place during his stay here.

As I have already stated, Senator Douglas was speaking at this time, to about a thousand persons, who had been drummed together by the thunderings of that same cannon, the "music, fizzlegigs and fire works" which Lincoln has justly styled the "trappings" of the campaign. Most of the prominent Republicans of the town were among those present, merely from curiosity to hear what the "little joker" could have to say to the serious charges of inconsistency which have been made against him, and how he should attempt to whitewash the matter before the Democracy. Well, for what I saw and heard, it is very certain those Republicans will all vote as they have ever done, and quite a number of Democrats who went to the meeting undecided, will as surely vote with the Republicans in the coming elections.

There was absolutely no argument in Douglas' harangue no attempt to explain the charges against -- of the part he played in the conspiracy to perpetuate and nationalize slavery -- of his inconsistency on the subject of popular sovereignty -- of his altering the Toombs hills by striking out the clause therein which in any manner proved for the submission of the Constitution of Kansas to the people of that Territory. His speech was a mere appeal to the passions of the auditors -- a repetition of the misrepresentations of his opponents, particularly that which best suits him in this latitude, about what he says is Lincoln's disposition to make negroes perfectly equal with the white men in social and political relations, when he knows Mr. L. is disposed to no such thing. But it was well that Mr. Lincoln was enabled today to reply from the same stand to Douglas' sneaking misrepresentations of this nature, in a method entirely suited to the exigency. The greatest locofoco, Carolina or Kentucky emigrant, hater of Abolitionism, could not but be pleased with what Lincoln really does advocate in this matter, as spoken by himself today.

That same old cannon which Douglas drags after him, was hauled away this morning to his next speaking place. But without its aid, I found an audience fully equal to that of yesterday, assembled in the grove to honor Lincoln and Kellogg the only notice of which was a small poster on the trees at the ground yesterday, stating that "Lincoln will answer Douglas tomorrow." The audience was fully as large as could conveniently hear, and of a most respectable and attentive character.

The streets were not full of noisy drunkards, as on yesterday; and not a fight occurred, as did then, to disgrace the day and place. A goodly number of respectable Democrats, however, and former friends of Douglas, were attentive listeners to Lincoln able arguments. All of them could not but acknowledge that a more firm, candid and convincing argument was never made than this. Mr. Lincoln read from his Springfield speeches delivered years since, (showing that he was not driven by Douglas' speeches to form such views merely for the present,) showing what were the true principles of himself and party upon the subject of the negro slavery and negro equality. His defense of Judge Trumbull was admirable and manly. From his friendship for Judge T., and his knowledge of his character, he knew he would not make any statement of the kind he had made against Senator Douglas without knowing its truth; and it was his opinion that if he were driven to do so, Judge T. would prove all he had said to be true.

It is quite a trick of the little dodger to ask sympathy of his hearers because he is alone in a flight against two -- Lincoln and Trumbull; but it was clearly shown to be no more a game of two pluck on one than that Douglas and his aids, the other Democratic members of Congress, and those looking forward to Trumbull's place, who are adopting D.'s course in lampooning and misrepresenting Lincoln and the Republican party, is liable to the same charge. Douglas was in a great rage, as all agree. He is almost driven to the fighting point, so closely is he pressed; and a noble Celt among his auditors even offered to do the job for him yesterday. But Lincoln says the Judge and he have always been friendly as much so almost as man and wife; an as both man and wife should not get angry at once in a difficulty, he had determined, now that Judge D. was irritated, to keep in the best of humor; and so he did, and his hearers also. He thought fighting an unprofitable business it proved nothing; but he would adopt a plan that should prove who was right and who was wrong; and in pursuing it, would neither give the lie nor so speak that any gentleman with the reputation, both State and National, of a U. S. Senator, could not give the lie to him.

His exposition of Douglas' popular sovereignty humbug was better than ever I heard from him before. As he had predicted, it is labelled upon every hack he rides in, and flaunted upon the banners which wave over him; and as he gracefully an blushingly walks under these mottoes, he is the most arrant humbug in existence, as shown by his whole Congressional course upon the subject. He never tries, in a single speech, to prove that he is consistent in this regard, but, like the big boy in the field of Kinnep, which couldn't be mowed, he just "plows around it," and never touches it. Neither does Douglas, nor has he ever, once intimated, in a speech or line, that there was anything at all wrong in human slavery. He called on his auditors to point to a syllable ever uttered by Douglas of the kind. But of course I cannot report this able effort fully. Suffice it to say, that its effect was well and truly illustrated by one of the banners around the speaker's stand.

Yesterday a daub of canvass in the procession represented a ferocious looking lion, with short legs, and a paw upon a lean looking dog at his feet. Today the banner before spoken of has the same lion, crest fallen, with his tail tucked between his legs, and the bird of America pouncing down on to him from above, bearing the inscription, "The American Eagle Triumphant!"

At the close after three hearty cheers for Lincoln, Judge Kellogg, the able representative in Congress from this District took the stand, and delivered a most powerful speech of an hour's duration. It seemed right, said he, that Lincoln should follow in his speeches the day after Douglas. The latter in United States Senator, and would be until the third of March, when he would march out. The day immediately following, just as these speakers follow one another, Lincoln would march into the vacated Senatorial chair, just so certain as one day follows another. He paid a glorious tribute to Senator Trumbull, for standing up bravely for the right in the United States Senate, against the traitor who now opposes Lincoln, and hoped he would be returned by the State he so ably represented. To the ninety two Republican members of the House, whose votes were always given against slavery, he did full justice in his remarks and also to Mr. Harris, the only Democratic representative for this State who was manly enough to oppose the Administration in its tyrannical course. Judge Kellogg also denounced in both towns the conduct of the Administration and of the United States Supreme Court. He charged them with corruption, and was not afraid to call things by their right names. He was greeted with frequent applause throughout his address.

The day has been extremely warm, but delegations from quite a distance are here. One from Bath, has invited Mr. Lincoln to speak in that town on Monday, the 16th, to which he has consented. Another from Henry, away up in Marshall county, met him today, and he agrees to speak there on the 22d.

Altogether, the skies are bright in this region. The vote at the last Presidential election shows 399 over Buchanan, counting the Freemen and Fillmore vote, in Mason an Logan county -- Moore received 1,580 and Miller 1,910 votes in a pole of 3,490, showing the Republicans 330 in the majority. But a much larger majority in our favor will be shown at the next poll, or there is no truth in man.

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