The International Working People's Association held a meeting at Aurora Turner-Hall for the purpose of agitating the eight-hour question. Nearly 400 persons were present. Louis Zeller presided. Samuel Fielden said the introduction of a working day of eight hours was good enough in itself, but the evil that caused misery among the laboring classes ought to be pulled up by the roots. Laborers should make themselves entirely independent and abolish private property as the means of production. From the strike at Maxwell Bro.' he drew the lesson that machinery and the progress of labor-saving industry could not benefit mankind as a whole as long as private property in such means of production was recognized. The first interest of the working classes was to do away with masters of every description. No compromise like the eight-hour system should be considered as final, but more should be demanded.
August Spies said the International Working-People's Association was not opposed to a working day of eight hours, but they wanted more. Those who produced all wealth had the right to determine how long they would work without respectfully saking the privileged classes to reduce the hours of labor. The world belonged to humanity, not to a class, and no man should be obliged to sell himself to an employer for any period, whether ten hours, or eight hours, or one hour a day. A general discussion followed the speeches.
Socialists to the number of twenty or thirty met yesterday afternoon at Nodot; 106 Randolph street, Mrsdot; Ames presiding. Drdot; Taylor read a communication which he had sent to one of the daily papers in relation to the Socialistic question, and which had been noticed editorially in yesterday's issue of the same paper. He accompanied the reading with running comments showing that Socialism propose to take selfishness out of society by making it unnecessary. While the church, he said, had been trying for 1800 years to make the world materially better by improving the people's morals, Socialism proposed to make the world morally better by improving it materially.
George Schiling said he agreed in the main with the sentiments expressed by Dr. Taylor. He said it was well known, however, that he did not agree entirely with the methods of this organization, especially to that they were opponents of trades-unions, which he believed in as a necessity of the times. Mrs. Parsons tried to involve Mr. Schiling in a debate on the trades-union question, which he declined to enter into.