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Illinois During the Civil War

In the winter of 1861 Abraham Lincoln left his home in Springfield, Illinois to become President of the United States. Southern states reacted to the election of a Republican president by seceding from the Union, and the nation descended into Civil War. Although the combatants fought no battles on Illinois soil, the Civil War defined an era in the state. Illinoisans shaped the war's course and felt its effects. This digital collection presents primary source material from the Civil War era in Illinois. These materials include letters, diaries and reminiscences of Union soldiers, as well as important documents, images, and other resources from the home front. For more information, including historical themes, narrative essays, and lesson plans. see the main page for Illinois During the Civil War.

Union Position Near the Center, Battle of Gettysburg, July 2, 1863
Guernsey, Alfred H. and Henry M. Alden. Harper's Pictoral History of the Civil War. Chicago: Star Publishing Co., 1894., Northern Illinois University
Battle of Gettysburg, Summit of Little Round Top, July 2, 1863
Guernsey, Alfred H. and Henry M. Alden. Harper's Pictoral History of the Civil War. Chicago: Star Publishing Co., 1894., Northern Illinois University
The Invasion of Pennsylvania, Gettysburg
Guernsey, Alfred H. and Henry M. Alden. Harper's Pictoral History of the Civil War. Chicago: Star Publishing Co., 1894., Northern Illinois University
Mortar Boats in Process of Construction
Guernsey, Alfred H. and Henry M. Alden. Harper's Pictoral History of the Civil War. Chicago: Star Publishing Co., 1894., Northern Illinois University
Battle of St. Charles, on White River, Arkansas
Guernsey, Alfred H. and Henry M. Alden. Harper's Pictoral History of the Civil War. Chicago: Star Publishing Co., 1894., Northern Illinois University
Ship Island and the Approaches to New Orleans
Guernsey, Alfred H. and Henry M. Alden. Harper's Pictoral History of the Civil War. Chicago: Star Publishing Co., 1894., Northern Illinois University
Fort Massachusetts Ship Island
Guernsey, Alfred H. and Henry M. Alden. Harper's Pictoral History of the Civil War. Chicago: Star Publishing Co., 1894., Northern Illinois University
Chart, Showing the Position of Ship Island
Guernsey, Alfred H. and Henry M. Alden. Harper's Pictoral History of the Civil War. Chicago: Star Publishing Co., 1894., Northern Illinois University
Major Martin R. Delany, Recruiter for the Union's Black Military Units *Does Not Depict Illinois*
Smith, Carter, ed. American Historical Images on File: The Black Experience. New York: Media Projects, 1990.
Col. N. C. Gruesel, 36th Illinois
Bennett, L. G. and William M. Haigh. History of the Thirty-Sixth Regiment Illinois Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion. Aurora, IL:Knickerbocker and Hodder, 1876., Northern Illinois University
Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis
Bennett, L. G. and William M. Haigh. History of the Thirty-Sixth Regiment Illinois, Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion. Aurora, IL:Knickerbocker and Hodder, 1876., Northern Illinois University
S. B. Sherer
Bennett, L. G. and William M. Haigh. History of the Thirty-Sixth Regiment Illinois, Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion. Aurora, IL:Knickerbocker and Hodder, 1876., Northern Illinois University
Maj. Gen. George Thomas, U. S. A.
Bennett, L. G. and William M. Haigh. History of the Thirty-Sixth Regiment Illinois, Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion. Aurora, IL:Knickerbocker and Hodder, 1876., Northern Illinois University
Lieut. Col. Porter C. Olson, 36th Illinois
Bennett, L. G. and William M. Haigh. History of the Thirty-Sixth Regiment Illinois, Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion. Aurora, IL:Knickerbocker and Hodder, 1876., Northern Illinois University
Brig. Gen. William H. Lyte
Bennett, L. G. and William M. Haigh. History of the Thirty-Sixth Regiment Illinois, Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion. Aurora, IL:Knickerbocker and Hodder, 1876., Northern Illinois University
Col. Silas Miller, 36th Illinois
Bennett, L. G. and William M. Haigh. History of the Thirty-Sixth Regiment Illinois, Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion. Aurora, IL:Knickerbocker and Hodder, 1876., Northern Illinois University
Lieut. Gen. Philip H. Sherida, U. S. A.
Bennett, L. G. and William M. Haigh. History of the Thirty-Sixth Regiment Illinois, Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion. Aurora, IL:Knickerbocker and Hodder, 1876., Northern Illinois University
William M. Haigh, Chapain 36th Illinois
Bennett, L. G. and William M. Haigh. History of the Thirty-Sixth Regiment Illinois, Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion. Aurora, IL:Knickerbocker and Hodder, 1876., Northern Illinois University
Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel, U. S. A.
Bennett, L. G. and William M. Haigh. History of the Thirty-Sixth Regiment Illinois, Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion. Aurora, IL:Knickerbocker and Hodder, 1876., Northern Illinois University
Radial Knives, Draw Cut
Ardrey, Robert L. American Agricultural Implements. New York: Arno Press, 1972., Northern Illinois University