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Illinois During the Civil War

In the winter of 1861 Abraham Lincoln left his home in Springfield, Illinois to become President of the United States. Southern states reacted to the election of a Republican president by seceding from the Union, and the nation descended into Civil War. Although the combatants fought no battles on Illinois soil, the Civil War defined an era in the state. Illinoisans shaped the war's course and felt its effects. This digital collection presents primary source material from the Civil War era in Illinois. These materials include letters, diaries and reminiscences of Union soldiers, as well as important documents, images, and other resources from the home front. For more information, including historical themes, narrative essays, and lesson plans. see the main page for Illinois During the Civil War.

Enos Cook Kennedy, Circa 1875.
Kennedy, Enos Cook and Abner Hard. Letters and Diary of Enos Cook Kennedy. Unpublished., Joiner History Room, Sycamore, Illinois Public Library.
Lucius W. Barber, Company D, 15th Illinois Volunteer Infantry
Barber, Lucius W. Army Memoirs of Lucius W. Barber. Chicago: J.M.W. Jones, 1894, Illinois State University
Tombstone of Private Cashier (Jennie Hodgers) in the cemetery at Saunemin, Illinois
Clausius, Gerhard P. “The Little Soldier of the 95th: Albert D. J. Cashier.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 51 (1958): 380-387., Illinois State Historical Society
Two Pictures of Albert D. J. Cashier (Jennie Hodgers) Taken Nearly 50 Years Apart
Clausius, Gerhard P. “The Little Soldier of the 95th: Albert D. J. Cashier.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 51 (1958): 380-387., Illinois State Historical Society
Grave of Cpl. Wilson E. Chapel located in the National Cemetery at Danville, VA
Chapel, Wilson E. The Civil War Journals of Wilson E. chapel. Sycamore, IL: DeKalb County Historical and Genealogical Society, 1998., Joiner History Room, Sycamore, Illinois Public Library, This was taken by teh Szesko family in their research of Cpl. Chapel.
Drum Corp and Others of Momence, IL
Chicago Historical Society
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Cirker, Hayward and Blanche, Eds. Dictionary of American Portraits. New York: Dover Publications, 1967., Courtesy Peter A. Juley & Son., (1822-1885) President of the United States, 1869-1877
John Deere
Cirker, Hayward and Blanche, Eds. Dictionary of American Portraits. New York: Dover Publications, 1967., Courtesy Deere and Co., (1804-1886) Plow manufacturer
David Davis
Cirker, Hayward and Blanche, Eds. Dictionary of American Portraits. New York: Dover Publications, 1967., (1815-1886) Associate justice, U. S. Supreme Court; U. S. Senator; Lincoln's campaign manager, 1860
Jay Cooke
Cirker, Hayward and Blanche, Eds. Dictionary of American Portraits. New York: Dover Publications, 1967., (1821-1905) Investment banker
Memphis, Tennessee on the Heights
Barnes, James. The Photographic History of the Civil War. Vol. 6. p. 35., Tulane University, Joseph M. Jones Steamboat Collection
The Fleet That Cleared the River
Barnes, James. The Photographic History of the Civil War. Vol. 6 p. 35., Tulane University, Joseph M. Jones Steamboat Collection
Black Regiment Outside Barracks *Does Not Depict Illinois*
Smith, Carter, ed. American Historical Images on File: The Black Experience. New York: Media Projects, 1990.
The National Woman Suffrage Association, Susan B. Anthony
Smith, Carter, ed. American Historical Images on File: Key Issues in Constitutional History. New York: Facts on File, 1988.
Mrs. John A. Logan in 1858
Logan, John A., Mrs. Reminiscences of a Soldier's Wife. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1913., Northern Illinois University
General Logan as Prosecuting Attorney in 1855
Logan, John A., Mrs. Reminiscences of a Soldier's Wife. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1913., Northern Illinois University
General John A. Logan in 1884
Logan, John A., Mrs. Reminiscences of a Soldier's Wife. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1913., Northern Illinois University
Mrs. John A. Logan
Logan, John A., Mrs. Reminiscences of a Soldier's Wife. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1913., Northern Illinois University
General John A. Logan in 1862
Logan, John A., Mrs. Reminiscences of a Soldier's Wife. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1913., Northern Illinois University