Posting the Books — A Seven Days Battle.
The battles, or more properly, series of battles which have been going on before Richmond for a week past are, probably, without a parallel in history, ancient or modern. Certainly, it will stand forth as the most remarkable event in the history of the rebellion, the point at which its power was broken and it began rapidly to decline.
Of course, where so much has been crowded into the space of one week, it is impossible to give details. We can only state results. For three days, viz.: Thursday, Friday and Saturday, our troops seem to have retired deliberately before the enemy in the prosecution of a well defined strategic design. They were often attacked with the most determined vigor by an enemy fired with the hope of success, and deliberately excited by the most maddening of stimulants to the highest pitch of demoniac rashness. This accounts for the firmness with which the rebels sometimes stood while our artillery was mowing them down in heaps. These assaults, sometimes of overwhelming numbers, our troops seem to have met steadily and firmly, and, with one or two exceptions, always retiring with deliberation and at their own option. That there can have been nothing, at any time, like a rout is manifest from the fact that after seven days continued fighting, three of which were spent in deliberately withdrawing the various divisions towards the new base of operations on James river, our troops were within fifteen miles of Richmond.
On Sunday the Federal troops held their own. On Monday the tide of battle began to turn, the bass of future operations having been reached, and our forces having the assistance of the gunboats, as well as being safe form all flank movements. The fighting on this day, and also of Tuesday, is described by both sides as being of the most desperate and determined character. The account of the Confederate loss in Monday's battle, given by the Richmond Examiner, of the 2nd, (to be found in our dispatch column,) aggress singularly with the report which we published on Friday morning. The battles of the last two days were evidently important successes to the Federal cause, and are so regarded by the rebels themselves.
Gen. McClellan's army now occupies a position on the peninsula between the Chickahominy and James rivers, where it is impossible for the enemy to turn either flank. The gunboats command the rivers and can easily and promptly support the land forces. Reinforcements are being received which will relieve our wearied but not dispirited regiments, and inspire new energy and courage in the gallant army of the Potomac.
On the other hand, we have reason to believe that the enemy is dishearted by the failure of a scheme from which he anticipated so much, broken by losses, and worn out with long continued fighting. Everything indicates an early fall of the rebel capital, and with it the conclusion of the last grand struggle of the rebellion.