The Capture of New Orleans.
WASHINGTON, May 1. — The following correspondence, taken from the Richmond Enquirer of yesterday, which city it reached by telegraph, was to-day received at the War Department. The correspondence is between the Mayor of New Orleans and Flag-Officer Farragut:
UNITED STATES FLAG-SHIP HARTFORD,
OFF NEW ORLEANS, April 26, 1862.
To His Excellency the Mayor of the City of New Orleans:
SIR: Upon my arrival before your city, I had the honor to send to your honor Captain Bailey, U.S.N., second in command of the expedition, to demand of you the surrender of New Orleans to me as the representative of the Government of the United States. Captain Bailey reported the result of an interview with yourself and the military authorities. It must occur to your honor that it is not within the province of a naval officer to assume the duties of a military commandant. I came here to reduce New Orleans to obedience to the laws of, and to vindicate the offended majesty of the Government of the United States. The rights of persons and property shall be secured. I therefore demand of you as its representative, the unqualified surrender of the city, and that the emblem of the sovereignty of the United States be hoisted over the City Hall, Mint and Custom house by meridian, this day, and all flags and other emblems of sovereignty other than that of the United States be removed from all the public buildings by that hour. I particularly request that you shall exercise your authority to quell disturbances, restore order, and call upon all the good people of New Orleans to return at once to their vocations, and I particularly demand that no person shall be molested in person or property, for expressing sentiments of loyalty of their Government. I shall speedily and severely punish any person or persons who shall commit such outrages as were witnessed yesterday, by armed men firing upon helpless women and children for giving expression to their pleasure at witnessing the "old Flag."
I am very respectfully,
D. G. FARRAGUT.
Flag-Officer Western Gulf Squadron.
MAYOR'S OFFICE, CITY OF NEW ORLEANS.
CITY HALL, April 26, 1862.
Flag-Officer D. G. Farragut, U. S. Flag Ship Hartford:
SIR: — In pursuance of a resolution, which we thought proper to take out of regard for the lives of the women and children, who still crowd the metropolis, Gen. Lovell has evacuated it with his troops and restored back to me the administration of its government and the custody of its honor. I have, in council with the City Fathers, considered the demand you made of me yesterday, of an unconditional surrender of the city, coupled with a requisition to hoist the flag of the United States on the public edities and haul down the flag that still floats upon the breeze from the dome of this hall. It becomes my duty to transmit to you an answer which the universal sentiment of my constituents no less than the prompting of my own hear, dictates on this sad and solemn occasion. The city is without the means of defence, and is utterly destitute of the force and material that might enable it to resist and overwhelming armament displayed in sight of it.
I am no military man, and possess no authority beyond that of executing the municipal laws of the city of New Orleans, therefore would be presumptuous in me to attempt to lead an army to the field, if I had one at command; and I know still less how to surrender an undefended place, held, as this is, at the mercy of your gunners and your mortars. To surrender such a place where an idle and unmeaning ceremony. The city is yours by the power of brutal force, not by my choice or the consent of its inhabitants. It is for you to determine what will be the fate that awaits it. As to hoisting any flag not of our own adoption and allegiance, let me say to you that the man lives not in our midst whose hand and heart would not be paralized at the mere thought of such an act; nor could I find, in my entire constituency, so desperate and wretched a renegade as would dare to profane with his hands the sacred emblem of our aspirations.
Sir, you have manifested sentiments which would become one engaged in a better cause than to which you have devoted your word. I doubt not that they spring from a noble though deluded nature, and I know how to appreciated the motions which inspire them. You have a gallant people to administrate during your occupancy of this city — a people sensitive to all that can in the least affect their dignity and self respect. Pray, sir, do not fail to regard their susceptibilities. The obligations which I shall assume in their name shall be religiously complied with. You may trust their honor, though you might not count on their submission in unmerited wrong.
In conclusion, I beg you to understand that the people of New Orleans, while unable to resist your force, do not allow themselves to be insulted by the interference of such as have rendered themselves obnoxious and contemptible by their dastardly desertion of our cause in the mighty struggle in which we are engaged, or such as conquered, and yours the conquerors. Peace and order may be preserved without resort to which I could not at this moment prevent. Your occupying the city does not transfer allegiance from the government of their choice to one which they have deliberately repudiated, but they yield the obedience, which the conqueror is entitled to extort from the conquered.
JOHN. F. MONROE, Mayor.