Just as we go to press we are in receipt of exciting news from Cairo. It appears that on Thursday morning a detachment of 5,000 were sent from that point to dislodge about an equal force of secessionists that were encamped at Belmont, Mo., some twenty-five miles below Cairo. Col. Logan's regiment brought on the engagement, in which the whole force took part, and after a stubborn fight, our boys succeded in driving the rebels from their position, capturing their camp equipage and a number of guns. The rebels retreated down the river, and were followed by our troops. It was intended that the gunboats which have been at Cairo for some time, should follow them down to render their assistance, but this was prevented by a heavy battery the rebels had erected on the Kentucky shore and under cover of which they threw some 5,000 fresh troops from Columbus into Missouri, immediately above the Union men — This placed our soldiers between two heavy forces, when a most desperate fight ensued. Both sides were well supplied with artillery, and the slaughter was terrific. After a brave and desperate charge the Union men succeeded in breaking through the ranks of the enemy and reached Cairo with 200 prisoners, and several hundred of their own wounded, on Thursday evening. The loss was not definitely known at the time our informant left Cairo, but was estimated at about 1,000. The rebel loss, although left in possession of the field, must have been equally as great.
We have been unable to gather further particulars of this fight, in which our boys engaged a force at least double their own but next week shall be able to furnish full details. A large number of good and true men from our county were in the battle, and we fear some may have fallen victims to rebel bullets, for they were of courage and bravery that would lead them to the thickest of the fight.
P. S. — A later dispatch from Cairo says Polk, a Major General, and one of the ablest officers in the rebel service, was killed in the battle.