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FROM THE ARMY of THE POTOMAC.

Another Great Battle to be Fought.

Sharp Skirmishing Commenced.

Report that Lee is Falling Back.

Rumor that Breckinridge has Joined Lee not Credited.

Result of the Rebel Raid Against Newbern.

LATEST FROM SHERMAN'S ARMY.

The Enemy Again Retreating.

THE ST. LOUIS RACES.

&c., &c., &c.

[Tribune's Special.]

WASHINGTON, May 19, 12 P.M. — Your correspondent sends the following, dated headquarters army of the Potomac, May 18th, 1:30 P.M.:

Since forwarding my first dispatch this morning, the skirmish firing which commenced at daybreak has grown into a very considerable battle. The enemy discovering our change of position last night, and taking advantage of the same, were found to have massed all their strength on our right, no doubt to make one more desperate effort to break our lines and get through to our supply trains. This movement of the enemy of course occasioned a reoccupation of our old position of Saturday morning, and it was here upon our extreme right, and with the 2d and 6th corps, that the struggle has been kept up, with more or less severity, up to noon to-day. Our troops were advanced to within very close range of their earthworks, when a murderous artillery fire was opened upon us, occasioning us considerable loss. But our own guns were soon got into position, and under cover of their fire we charged and took their first line of rifle pits, captured a considerable number of prisoners and several of their guns.

"At the present writing there is a cessation of firing along the lines, and the indications are that there will be no more fighting before evening, or to-morrow.

It is estimated that the rebel loss is considerable greater than ours, notwithstanding the momentary advantage of their artillery range upon us.

The Vermont heavy artillery, which had just arrived, participated in this fight, and is highly complimented.

It is stated that the decisive battle is not unlikely to be fought right here, and that within a few days at furthest."

PROCTOR'S CREEK, May 14. — This morning at daylight, Burnham's brigade charged upon the enemy's outer intrenchments at Proctor's creek, and soon succeeded in carrying the entire line, section by section.

At 10 A.M. several of our batteries opened on the enemy, who had fallen back into a tier of heavy earthworks which are next to Fort Darling. The enemy replied briskly until 2 P.M., when our batteries, aided by our sharpshooters, succeeded in silencing the enemy's guns.

Our batteries continued to storm their works until sundown, and then retired for the night. Our entire loss the day will not exceed 150 in killed, wounded and missing.

At 4 P.M. a shot from one of our batteries exploded a magazine in the outerworks of Fort Darling, causing great cheering along our lines.

May 15. — A small gunboat, apparently, carrying but two guns, came down the James river this morning opposite Fort Darling, and threw several shells into our cavalry on the banks of the river, and then steamed back again.

Lieutenant Colonel Pond, of the 1st United States cavalry, discovered three insulated telegraph wires this morning, near the mouth of Kingsland creek, leading to three torpedoes in James river.

The rebel prisoners just captured say that the enemy have lost more killed than wounded in the late fights.

About noon to-day, the enemy came out of their fortifications, and attacked General Heckman's brigade. The fight was with musketry, and lasted till 4 o'clock, when they were driven back to their works.

Sharpshooters are engaged along the whole lines most of the time, but the enemy's guns in their fortifications are kept silenced.

At nine o'clock last evening the rebels attempted to advance on our lines on the Petersburg turnpike, and after a short, but spirited engagement, they were driven back to their works.

Everything is working favorably. General Butler commands in person.

PHILADELPHIA, May 19. — A special to the Evening Telegraph, dated Washington, May 19, contains the following:

It is reported that advices from the army of the Potomac up to 9 o'clock A.M. have been received, and show that the 2d corps advanced successfully, turning the enemy's left flank, capturing fifteen guns, with many prisoners.

It in rumored that Lee is falling back slowly, and has been forced to evacuate his works. If this be true his total overthrow will soon be consummated.

NEW YORK, May 19. — A special to the Philadelphia Inquirer, dated Washington, 18th, says from a man who left Grant's headquarters at 11 A.M. to-day, we hear that about daylight, a brisk fire was opened all along the lines, and that by 7 o'clock as he rode away, an engagement seemed to be progressing with both artillery and infantry.

Nothing of importance transpired yesterday.

BERMUDA HUNDRED, May 18. — All is quiet with our army to-day. The object of the demonstration of Fort Darling was merely to draw off and entertain as many of Lee's troops as possible, and also to attract the attention of all the rebel forces in and about Richmond, to enable Gen. Kautz to destroy the communication south of Richmond.

On Monday, the 16th, the rebels came out of their intrenchments and earthworks, in front of Fort Darling, at daybreak, having been heavily reinforced by Longstreet's corps, and made three advances, all of which were promptly and energetically repulsed by our men.

The enemy lost in these charges from 1,000 to 1,500 men, while our loss was very slight.

Gen. Butler having learned that Beauregard was heavily reinforced by Longstreet's corps, and also ascertained by the rebel papers and a rebel courier that the bridge over the Appomattox river, and several miles of the Danville Railroad were destroyed, and that the dams, locks and embankments of the canal leading into Richmond were also destroyed, he decided to fall back from before Fort Darling, and gave orders accordingly, and by Monday evening every man had securely arrived behind our new lines of intrenchments, having retired in perfect order, expecting Gen. Heckman's brigade, which was badly disorganized, and Gen. Heckman captured.

This brigade formed the extreme right wing, and the enemy attacked this point with great desperation, following them back nearly two miles with overwhelming numbers, capturing a large number and killing and wounding many. Three of our slege guns fell into the hands of the rebels, the horses being killed. The guns were spiked. At present it is impossible to estimate our loss. Stragglers are continually coming in. We have lost more prisoners than the rebels, but their loss in killed and wounded doubly exceeds ours, as our men were protected by intrenchments.

Several of Longstreet's men were captured, who stated that his whole force was co-operating with Beauregard.

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