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The Great Battle.

We publish all the additional details which, thus far, have come to hand, in regard to the tremendous battle and victory of the Tennessee river, knowing as we do, that everything on that subject is earnestly craved by all. We begin to have a definite understanding of the manner in which the battle was precipitated. It appears that the enemy surprised Gen. Prentiss' brigade, which was in advance, five miles beyond Pittsburg, at 5 o'clock on Sunday morning, taking two regiments prisoners, including the General. Our force was driven back to the river, where the advance of the enemy was checked by the fire of the gunboats, and by the arrival of Gen. Grant with troops from Savannah; but our loss was very heavy, including our camp equippage and thirty-six guns. The troops rested on the field during the night, after fifteen hours fighting, and on Monday morning, our forces reinforced by two division of Gen. Buell's army, and numbering about 80,000 assumed the offensive, and by two o'clock P.M., we had retaken our camp and batteries together with some 40 of the enemy's guns, and a number of prisoners, and the enemy were in full retreat, pursued by our victorious forces.

The report is that we have taken Corinth, and that the enemy, demoralized and dispirited, are still in retreat. The latest dispatches put our loss at from 600 to 1,000 killed and from 8,000 to 14,000 wounded. We shall not pretend to give a list of casualties until we have more definite advices. The rebels lost their commanding General, A. S. Johnston, and Beauregard is also stated to be wounded. We have taken a large number of prisoners. How many is not yet known, as our troops, at last accounts, were still in pursuit, and bringing in prisoners.