The Western States to be Flooded with Negroes.
In the senate, on Thursday last, Ben. Wade, of Ohio, proposed to slip through, in the morning hour, the so-called agricultural college bill. He said:
"I move to postpone all prior orders and take up the bill making a grant of land to agricultural colleges. I believe it will pass now without objection, and will not take a moment."
We have no doubt that he did believe it would pass without objection. Under republican auspices the western states have so uniformly been snubbed and driven to the wall at the dictation of the Wades, Sumners, Wilsons and other representatives of the old states, that no one dreams their representatives will object to anything. So strictly true is this, that the republican boast after the Chicago convention that the country had at last discovered the west is painfully and literally true. It has discovered it just as a man does a horse which he overloads; but old Ben. Wade was mistaken on this occasion. His pet measure was objected to, and described by Mr. Lane, of Kansas, as follow:
"I do not propose to discuss the merits of this bill, but I desire to say, for the benefit of the senator from Ohio, that under its provisions the legislature of Virginia, receiving, say two hundred thousand acres of land, can transfer their certificates of entry to the manumitted slaves of Virginia, and send into Kansas those manumitted slaves to enter land within our borders. So far as the people of Kansas are concerned, we, I think, have as much philanthropy as the people of any other state; but I desire to say to the senator from Ohio, and to the country, that the people of Kansas are opposed to the settling of free negroes within our borders. Kansas desires, above all other things, that the white and the colored races may be separated, and widely separated. The senator from Ohio, in the morning hour, proposes to pass a bill which gives to the state of Virginia, to the state of Maryland, to the state of South Carolina, and to every slave state in the United States land scrip, which may be entered by manumitted slaves in the state that I have the honor in part to represent. All the state has to do is to assign the land scrip, and here come their manumitted slave; or, supposing they hold the scrip and sell it to speculators, the land of Kansas is then held by non-residents, and, as I stated yesterday, there is no greater misfortune that can be inflicted upon a state than to have lands held in large quantities by non-residents. The senators from Iowa are aware of the truth of what I state. I have traveled an entire day in the state of Iowa over lands held by non-residents, and where there was no school-house, and the roads could not be worked. Your bill proposes to give ten millions of acres of land to non-residents, that may be held by non-residents."
Comment upon this picture drawn by the senator is unnecessary. Indeed, both in his speech and in the action of Wade, we have a full-length portrait of abolitionism. Wade of course votes to put the negroes into the western states. Ohio has no public lands, and cannot suffer much from the sable irruption. Lane, however, objects, because his negro brethren are to be served at his expense and at the expense of his constituents. "Abolish slavery," says Wade, "and send the niggers into Kansas and the other states in which there are large tracts of public lands. Keep them out of Ohio." "Abolish slavery, says Lane, "but don't send them to Kansas. I live there." In a word, both of them agree that the nigger is a good theory for agitation, and running to office on, but a very undesirable friend and neighbor. We believe, however, that Jim Lane is right upon this question. Why should the great northwest be overrun by the plantation savages? Why should the lands of the northwest, instead of being held by actual settlers, be smuggled into the hands of non-residents, — of men who do nothing to improve the country, yet grow rich off the toils and privations of others?
Everywhere the republican party has attached to its "free homes'" motto, some scheme of enormous and outrageous peculation. They have done it in Michigan. They are now trying to do it in congress — trying to put the negroes alongside the whites — trying to make the hardy yeomanry of the west support the agricultural colleges in every congressional district of the country — trying to devote enough land to labor to be a bait to industry to settle upon it, and by its energy and intelligence enhance the value of the immense tracts, which are to be reserved to private speculators under the name of negro lands, or agricultural college lands, or any other name which enables a parcel of harpies to fritter way all public lands, as they have those of Michigan.