The Pittsburg Battle!
The Best and Fullest Account of the Battle of Pittsburg Landing
GEN. WALLACE LIVING!
GREAT REDUCTION IN THE ESTIMATE OF KILLED AND WOUNDED.
LARGE NUMBERS OF PRISONERS COMING NORTH.
LIST OF OFFICERS KILLED AND WOUNDED
Complete List of Killed and Wounded not yet Made Out.
SPLENDED ACTION OF TAYLOR'S ARTILL'Y
THE PRISONERS from ISLAND NO. 10.
Two Millions of Property Taken at the Island!
Proclamation from the President.
TELEGRAPH TOP SAVANNAH!
The Rebels Evacuate Santa Fe.
Important News from Yorktown.
Gen. McClellan turning the Screws on the Rebel Army.
A Great Battle soon Expected at Yorktown.
CAIRO, April 10. — Special to Tribune:
We are just beginning to get some reliable details from the great battle at Pittsburg from several gentlemen who were on the field afterwards, or in the fight.
The following particulars are gathered and sent without any reference to the agreement of otherwise with dispatches heretofore given you.
Our informant left the battle field on Wednesday morning at 5 o'clock.
The rebels attacked Prentiss' brigade at 6 o'clock on Sunday morning, while eating breakfast.
It consisted of the 61st Ills., 16th Wis., 24th Ind. and 21st Ohio.
The rebels are said to have been 120,000 strong.
Gen. Prentiss had no artillery, and his brigade was cut to pieces and forced to retire, with Prentiss and many others prisoners.
At 12 the entire force was fiercely engaged, but in full retreat.
At 4 p.m. the enemy had taken Schwartz's battery, 6 guns, Dresser's battery, 4 guns, Waterhouse's, 2 rifled guns, 50th Ohio battery, 6 guns, and another battery name not known.
Thousands of our soldiers had taken refuge under the bank of the river, and utterly refused to fight. In fact they could not, for officers and men were in inextricable confusion and the army seemed utterly demoralized.
Gen. Mitchell's division about this time arrived on the opposite band of the river, with 15,000 men, and were ferried across during the night. The gunboats Lexington and Tyler opened a tremendous fire of shell upon the enemy, and kept it up every half hour during the night, thus saving the army from utter ruin.
They set the woods on fire, and many dead rebels were burned.
At 7 o'clock the firing generally ceased.
At midnight the rebels attempted to plant a battery within 300 yards of our siege guns, but were driven off by the siege guns and the gunboats, supported by 3 regiments of Gen. Mitchell's division.
Our informants persist in estimating our loss on Sunday at 3000 killed and 5000 wounded, and say this is a low figure. The loss was undoubtedly tremendous.
Monday night the rebels were reinforced by Price and Van Dorn from Arkansas.
Gen. Lew Wallace came up from Crump's Landing with the 11th and 23d Indiana, 44th Illinois, 8th Missouri, and Willard's battery, and in the morning attacked, fiercely, the left wing of the enemy. They went into the fight in double quick, with tremendous shouts and terrible execution. By 10 o'clock they had driven the rebels back two miles. The battery performed prodigies of valor.
About 10 o'clock the rebels were reinforced and for a few minutes our gallant boys were forced to yield.
The other division of Buell's army now appeared, and at once became fully engaged, and for two hours all the destructive elements of the earth seemed striving for the mastery. On that fatal field, southern chivalry proved no match for the unflinching courage of the army of freedom, and the rebels fled in all directions.
With some 12,000 troops, Gen. Buell followed the fugitives, taking thousands of prisoners, and smiting, without mercy, those who would not surrender. He was reported to have taken Corinth and all its immense stores of arms and ammunition.
Carson, the scout, had his head torn off on Monday, by a round shot.
The rebel troops were mostly from Louisiana, Texas and Mississippi with many from Georgia and Alabama.
They fought like tigers.
Our informants could ride through the battle field where our forces were posted, but the dead were so thick in the enemy's line they could not do it.
They assure us that the rebels occupied our camps on Sunday night, and took care of our sick and wounded, but destroyed nothing, expecting to have our entire army next day.
They thought the battle already won on Sunday.
Gen. McClernand cut his way through the enemy that had surrounded him. Most of his troops behaved with great gallantry, but the 53d Ohio was ordered to rear in disgrace for refusing to fight.
Capt. Harvey, of Bloomington, Ills, is among the killed.
Our informants were assured by those who knew, that John. C. Brekenridge was taken prisoner.
CAIRO, April 10. — A man who arrived here to-day, says the enemy adopted a resolution to surprise our force at Pittsburg, in making the first attack. Their head columns not only carried the stars and stripes but wore the uniform of the federal officers.
Gen. Albert S. Johnston is certainly killed. Persons are here who saw his body, and who heard the fact communicated throughout the camp.
Gen. Bragg is reported killed, and John C. Breckenridge a prisoner, but this not reliable. Provisional Gov. Johnston of Ky. is mortally wounded and a prisoner. It is also reported that Gen. Prentiss, who was taken prisoner the first day, escaped in the confusion of the retreat the next day.
Our total loss killed, wounded and missing, is about 7000 — this is the estimate of military commanders who were in the engagement.
Of these about 2000 were taken prisoners, the balance killed and wounded, in the usual proportion.
Gen. Wallace, of Ottawa, was reported killed, as it was deemed impossible for him to live but a few moments at the close of the fight, but he was not only living on Wednesday, but improving rapidly.
Gen. Halleck passed Cairo on his way to Pittsburg at 10 o'clock this morning.
Near 5000 prisoners are expected up from Island No. 10 to-night. Of these 1500 hundred will go to Chicago, 1000 to Springfield, and the balance to Wisconsin and Columbus. There were 25 or 30 officers taken, who will go to Fort Warren.
No lists of killed or wounded in any regiment or company have yet been received.
Every preparation is being made for the reception and care of our wounded, at this point.
The following is a list of the killed and wounded officers, so far as known:
Killed: Col. Clegum, acting brigadier general, Col. Ellis, 10th Ill.; Lieut. Col. Canfield, 72d Ohio; Col. Kyle, 31st Ind.; Col. Davis, 46th Ills.
Wounded and since died: Cat. Carson, Gen. Grant's scout, Capt. Preston Morton, Capt. Dillon, 18th Illinois; Capt. Maye, 5th Illinois; Capt. Carter, 11th do, Maj. Page, 57th do.
Gen. W. H. L. Wallace, dangerously; Gen. W. T. Sherman, slightly, Col. Sweeney, acting brigadier general, seriously; Col. Dave Stewart, acting brigadier, dangerously; Col. Chas. Craft, 31st Ill., acting Brig. Gen'l; Col. Isham W. Haynie, 48th Ills.; Col. McHenry, 17th Ky; Lieut. Col. Morgan, 25th Ind.; Col. Mason, 71st Ohio; Maj. Eaton, 18th Ills., act'g colonel, fatally; Maj. Nevins, 11th Ills.; Col. John Logan, 32d Ills., seriously.
Special to the Journal:
CAIRO, April 10th. Your Chicago Batteries gained new laurels in the struggle. Taylor's battery did fearful execution, their praise is in the mouth of everyone.
Waterhouse's battery was in the first attack, and was badly cut up. Their horses were mostly killed.
Taylor is said to have practiced his men by peculiar movements that dealt destruction to the enemy.
Co. A, the light artillery, under Peter Wood, was in the hottest of the fight, and performed wonders.
Their feats could not have been surpassed. Taylor's battery followed the enemy within 4 miles of Corinth.
The 15th Ill. regiment under Col. Ellis is badly cut up. Most of its field officers were killed, including Col. Ellis, Major Goddard, Capt. Wayne and others.
Col. Davis of Freeport was shot through the lungs, but is still alive.
Gen. Wallace was shot through the head, the ball entering back of the left ear and coming out at the nose, taking out one eye — but he is not dead as was reported.
The 20th Illinois was badly cut up.
Gen. Cullum has arrived here to look after the defences of the river.
The list of prisoners captured at Island No. 10, foots up to 4,386 rank and file.
Transports have gone down to bring the prisoners to Cairo. What disposal will be made of them is unknown.
The value of the property captured at Island No. 10, amounts to over $2,000,000.
As the Centralia rounded to at Fort Cairo this morning, Gen. Strong had a salute of 12 guns fired in honor of Maj. Gen. Halleck.
Special to Commercial:
WASHINGTON, April 10. — The New York 7th regiment of volunteer cavalry have been mustered out of service, and are now on their way home. The government has in service more cavalry that it needs.
No official dispatches have yet been received at the war department respecting the battle at Pittsburg Landing.
Fifteen inch Dahlgreen guns are to be immediately cast at Pittsburg for the armament of the new batteries of the Monitor pattern.
NEAR YORKTON, April 9, 1:20 p.m. The weather still continues unfavorable for military operations. It has been raining for nearly two days. The creeks are very much swollen and low grounds covered with water, making the roads almost impassable for empty wagons.
Information received shows that the rebels have a force of 60,000 which is rapidly being added to by troops from the neighborhood of Richmond, which is one day's travel from Yorktown by rain and river — they having four steamers and 16 transports in use, and by the time the roads are in condition for the union army to move the rebels may be able to meet them with 100,000. The flower of their army, with the best arms, are in a strongly entrenched position. Previous to our troops occupying the present position, the military authorities had no means of ascertaining the extent of the rebel works.
Information obtained through contraband deserters and other sources show the enemy has nearly five hundred guns — some of them of the large calibre.
The rebel Gen. Johnson, with some of his forces, has arrived and taken command, in person, showing that he intends making a desperate resistance. The extend from the James to York river, entirely across the peninsula.
Washington, April 10. — By the president of the U.S., a proclamation:
It has pleased Almighty God to vouchsafe signal victories to the land and naval forces engaged in suppressing and internal rebellion and at the same time arrest from our country the dangers of foreign intervention and invasion. It is therefore recommended to the people of the United States, that at their next weekly assemblage in their accustomed places of worship, which shall occur after the notice of this proclamation shall have been received they especially acknowledge and render thanks unto our heavenly Father for these inestimable blessings; that they there implore spiritual consolation in behalf of those who have been brought into affliction by the casualties and calamities of sedition and civil war; and that they reverently invoke the divine guidance for our national councils, to the end that they may speedily result in peace, harmony and unity throughout our borders, and hasten the establishment of fraternal relations between all countries of the earth.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand, &c.
Signed: ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
EDINBURG, Va., April 10. — Everything is quiet here.
The rebels have not been seen during the severe storm for the past 2 days.
WASHINGTON, Ap'l 10. — Secretary Stanton orders the military supervisor of telegraphs to stop all telegraphic communication to the Philadelphia Enquirer until satisfactorily proved that their dispatches from the army at Yorktown were duly authorized.
All application for passes by editors and newspaper correspondents are referred to E. S. Sanford.
ST. LOUIS, April 10. — The Republican's correspondent with Gen. Curtis says, that form facts learned in camp, another battle between the federal and rebel army is not all probable.
Two counterfeit establishments were overhauled in this city yesterday, and $100,000 in bogus U. S. treasury notes, $10,000 on the State Bank of Indiana, together with complete sets of engraver's tools, plates, presses, &c., were captured. The guilty parties were arrested.
The bills are well executed and calculated to deceive the best judges.
PEORIA, April 10. — $1,700 in money, and one car load of delicacies, have been contributed by the citizens of this place for the benefit of the wounded at Pittsburgh.
KANSAS CITY, April 7. — The Santa Fe mail has arrived.
The Texans, 150 strong, had evacuated Santa Fe, and were marching down the river.
It was reported that Col. Canby had intercepted an express with orders to the commander of the Texas forces to evacuated the territory and return to Texas.
Col. Slough had left Fort Union with 1400 men to effect a junction with Gen. Canby.
The Texans were exacting contributions and forced loads from the inhabitants — as high as $20,000 being exacted from single individuals residing near Albuquerque. — Clothing and provisions were taken from merchants without regard to politics or circumstances.
BALTIMORE, March 9. — A letter to the New York Herald says the accounts of the progress of affairs at Yorktown, which have reached this city through channels believed to be reliable, differ materially from the accounts furnished by the government.
It was known at Richmond when a portion of the union army of the Potomac moved from Manassas. It was known there when the corps d'armee landed and were assembled at Fort Monroe.
It was known there when McClelland and staff arrived at the fortress, and it was known there when the march on Yorktown commenced, and the number of troops Gen. McClelland had wherewithal to make the attack.
These facts convinced the Confederate government at Richmond that their hour was come unless they took instant measures to arrest the march of Gen. McClellan.
The fortifications at Yorktown were all that could be desired, both as to strength and armament. But Gen. Magruder had as yet only 35,000 troops.
The withdrawal of such a large number of troops from Manassas rendered it unnecessary to keep the main body of the army of the Rappahannock along that stream, and from that army accordingly Gen. Magruder has been strongly reinforced. Troops have been arriving at Yorktown from Richmond and Gordonsville every day for the last week.
It is believed that Gen. Johnston and Jeff. Davis are both at Yorktown, and that Gen. Johnston is in command.
The number of rebel troops there cannot be less than 100,000.
Special to Herald.
Manassas, April 10. — The country between Manassas and Warrenton has been effectually cleared of rebel scouts.
LOUSIVILLE, April 10. — Telegraphic communication has been opened between here and Savannah, Tenn.
Forty physicians and nurses arrived from Frankfort this afternoon, and immediately left for Fort Donelson and Pittsburg Landing. Several boats with similar aid from this city and elsewhere are going down soon.
BALTIMORE, March 11. The Old Point boat has arrived.
The following are the main points of a letter from the American's special correspondence:
FORT MONROE, April 10.
The storm is at last over.
Nothing has been seen or heard of the Merrimac today, and in view of the recent reverses to the rebels, it is doubted whether they will attempt offensive operations, even with their iron plated monster. Their desperate state may induce attempts at something in this way. If she ever does come, she will probably come tomorrow.
Parties who come in from the army report no special change in affairs.
Continual skirmishing is going on and a brilliant affair occurred on Monday, in which Griffin's battery participated with marked effect, killing and wounding 27 rebels.
The rebel lines extend across the peninsula from Yorktown to Warwick, near James river, a short distance above Mulberry Point.
The conformation of the land and the making in of the creek from James river, shortens their lines of defence and enables them to command, with their fortifications, all the roads up the peninsula.
Gens. Lee and Johnson are reported with the rebel forces, one commanding at Yorktown and the other at Warwick. Magruder holding a subordinate position is with the reserves at Williamsburg.
According to reports of deserters the rebel forces number about 50,000, of whom 30,000 are reinforcements recently drawn from the line of the Rappahannock and about Norfolk. Despite the weather and bad roads, our generals are pushing forward preparations for the assault upon the enemy's works, and not many days will elapse before Yorktown will be ours, and Richmond threatened.
The glorious news from the west is acting as an excellent stimulus for our army, and greatly encourages the troops.
The Bendan sharpshooters give good account of themselves. They hold an advance position under the rebel batteries, from which they constantly harass the enemy. A head above the parapet become the mark for half a dozen rifles, which, at 1000 yards distant, rarely fail to hit the mark.
One sharpshooter belonging to the California regiment, has almost wholly prevented the rebels from using a large gun in an important position. From a well selected rifle pit, he keeps a constant aim upon the gun, and hardly an attempt has been made for two days to fire without the rebels losing one or two men from his deadly aim.
It is stated that one of our divisions has secured an important position the holding of which will lead to the eventual forcing of the rebel line of defense.
Much important work has been done, and with the return of good weather active operations will not be long delayed.
The task before McClellan in reducing fortified entrenchments is one for which his is held peculiarly qualified. The result is not doubted.
NEW YORK, Ap'l 11. — Flour market heavy and lower. $5a5,05 superior state; 5,10a5,25 extra state; 5a5,05 superior western; 5,10a5,45 common to medium extra western; 5,55a5,66 shipping brands extra R. H. O.
Wheat market dull, and prices slightly favor purchasers.
Corn a shade firmer. 60a62c mixed western.
Whisky heavy and declining at 24c.
WASHINGTON, April 11. — The steamer King Phillip came up to the navy yard to-day from York river.
Our forces before Yorktown are stated to be hourly gaining ground.
Nothing new has transpired on the river.