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Vallandigham Democracy in Brown County.

A so-called Democratic County Convention met at Mt. Sterling, in Brown county, Illinois, on the 23d of August. "John W. Chapman, Esq., of Cooperstown, was unanimously chosen Chairman, and William Vandeventer; of Mt. Sterling, Secretary." In the proceedings of the convention, as published in the Mt. Sterling Union over the names of these officers, appear the following resolutions:

Resolved, That we adhere to the time-honored principles of the Democratic party, and we believe that the only hope for the restoration of the Union and the maintenance of the Constitution is in the return of that truly conservative and only national party to power.

Resolved, That the Democracy of Brown county, with patriots everywhere have made and will bontinue to make every sacrifice in the end that the rebellion may be suppressed, the supremacy of the Constitution maintained, and the Union under it preserved; but they are unalterably opposed to a war of conquest of subjugation, and they will never consent that the war shall be waged for the purpose of interfering with the rights of overthrowing the established institutions of any of the States.

These are the first and second resolutions of the series. The third indorses the Crittenden resolutions. The fourth assails the Administration as guilty of "reckless extravagance" and "systematic plunder." The fifth indorses the nominations made by the same convention that adopted the resolutions, and the sixth orders the publication of the resolutions in the Mount Sterling Union. The same convention appointed J. Wilson, J. A. Glenn, B. F. Dewitt and William Vandeventer delegates to the State Convention to be held at Springfield to-day.

Such is the Confession of Faith adopted by the so-called Democracy of Brown county. No man who has half an eye can fail to see the "trail of the serpent" running all through it. The very smallest modicum of patriotic sentiment is more than neutralized by a vast deal of rabid partyism. The country is coolly told that the only hope for the restoration of the Union and the maintenance of the Constitution "depends upon the restoration to power of a party under whose rule the rebellion was organized and permitted" to gather head, and which recognized as its leader and continued in office up to the close of Buchanan's imbecile Administration the very men who were the fomenters of the rebellion and are now its acknowledged leaders. In spite of the professed support of the war policy of the Government for the suppression of an armed rebellion existing without a cause so far as the action of the Government is concerned, the tenor of these resolutions is the vindication and approval of the claims of the rebels. If the assumptions of these resolutions are true, then have the people lost the right to choose their own rulers — they have no right to choose any but so-called Democrats, it matters not whether Vallandigham or Jeff. Davis, — and a contrary decision is a sufficient cause for secession and rebellion. Can any man, no matter to what party he belongs, who believes in the right of self government, and who desires to see the authority of the Government restored and the Union more firmly reunited, fail to spurn such a sentiment as a total perversion of our boasted free institutions? Such Unionism has no principle at the bottom of it, and is little better than secessionism itself.