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Part One.

Annual Report of the Adjutant General — 1863.


To His Excellency, RICHARD YATES, Governor of Illinois.

SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith —

First — A statement — Schedule A — showing the number, name of commanding officer, date of organization or muster, and place of organization of Illinois regiments or independent corps, and the number of officers and enlisted men mustered into said regiments or corps at or since their organization, respectively.

Second — A statement — Schedule B — showing the number or letter of the command, the name of its commanding officer, and the date and place of organization or muster, as in schedule A, and the day on which they left for the field, arranged according to dates of such departure.

Third — A statement — Schedule C — showing the number and name of the officer of each regiment, when originally mustered, and the counties from which the same was principally recruited.

Fourth — A statement — Schedule D — showing the free white population in each county in the State, according to the census of 1860, the total number of able-bodied men between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, the number now in service, and those liable to military duty (except two counties), according to enrollment taken the past summer. This enrollment being taken before active enlistments for our new regiments ceased, the number of men in service is by very many thousand less than the number now in the service.

Fifth — A statement — Schedule E — Report of Board of Medical Examiners.

Sixth — A statement — Schedule F — showing the amount of salaries of officers and employés of the Adjutant General's office, from April 16, 1861, to January 1, 1863.

Seventh — A statement — Schedule G — showing the names of all commissioned officers of Illinois forces, including those who have resigned or been mustered out of service since the commencement of the present war.

It is but justice to myself here to state that it has been exceedingly inconvenient and difficult to prepare an accurate record of the organization and original strength of our old regiments, as stated in this report. The absence of any law requiring original muster-in rolls or reports of regiments, after they left the State, to be filed in this department, as well as the unorganized condition of many of them when they received marching orders, have combined to make the labor of preparing a record of these forces expensive and perplexing. The imperfect condition of the records when I took possession, November 11, 1861 — and I here refer to the subject by way of explanation


only — I have endeavored to improve, by procuring the descriptive rolls of the most of the rank and file of our forces. I confess I have been ambitious to place among the permanent archives of the State the name, residence and description of every Illinois volunteer officer and private. This seemed to me due to the living, as well as to the memory of the heroic and lamented dead; and its importance to the people of the State was believed to outweigh all considerations of expense necessary to accomplish the object.

Prior to February 21, 1862, there was not even a regulation of the War Department which required copies of either muster or descriptive rolls to be filed in any of the State departments. In very many instances the United States mustering officers, sent here to muster into the service of the United States our volunteers, neglected, and in some cases positively refused, to file their rolls in this office.

Another source of difficulty and confusion, in this respect, grew out of the acceptance by the War Department of what were known as "independent regiments." In addition to the regiments authorized to be raised by the State, there were, during the year 1861, twenty two regiments of infantry and four of cavalry authorized by the Secretary of War to be raised in this State. Their correspondence and reports were addressed to the War Department, instead of the State, and some of the persons who were engaged in recruiting these regiments, having been refused authority to raise regiments by you, were disinclined, for a time, to furnish copies of their rolls or give official information to you touching the condition of their commands.

To remedy evils growing out of this state of things, and to promote harmonious relations between the State and Federal authorities, the War Department, by General Orders No. 18, promulgated February 21, 1862, provided as follows: "The Governors of States are legally the authorities for raising volunteer regiments and commissioning their officers. Accordingly, no independent organizations, as such, will be hereafter recognized in the United States service. Copies of the rolls of muster into service will be sent, as soon as practicable, to the Governors of the States to which they belong, by the commanders of all brigades, regiments, or corps, heretofore recognized as independent of State organizations; and all vacancies of commissions in such regiments and corps will be hereafter filled by the respective Governors, according to law."

It will be observed that this order only applies to a particular class of regiments, and the difficulty, to some extent, for a time continued. A rule was adopted to decline to deliver commissions until their rolls should be filed; but this rule could not, in all cases, be adhered to, for regiments would frequently be required to move before their rolls could be prepared. To supply these rolls and procure statistical information of the number of troops furnished by the State, as well as to ascertain the condition of our troops, in respect to their clothing, camp and garrison equipage and arms, agents, furnished with proper blanks, were dispatched to their camps in November, 1861. These agents, in a few days, procured reports from most of the regiments; but, on account of active movements in the field, were unable to do so from all.

The same difficulty, although not to so great an extent, has been experienced during the present year, under the last calls for troops, although the rule of not delivering commissions until their muster-in rolls were filed, has been rigidly adhered to. A reference to the dates of muster, and the time when they left the State, will explain how difficult, indeed how impossible it was, in all cases, to procure their descriptive rolls before they moved. For the purpose, therefore, of obtaining the descriptive rolls of such old regiments as had not made their returns, and of such new regiments as were ordered away before theirs could be furnished, as well as to procure from all regiments lists of men who joined companies subsequent to their original organization, list of casualties and effective strength of each regiment or corps, one clerk, in November last, was detailed to visit our forces in Missouri, one to Memphis, one to Helena, an agent to Kentucky and Eastern Tennessee, and my first assistant and one clerk to General Grant's department. As these parties were sent in November, I confidently expected to receive their full reports by this time, and be able to furnish a reliable exhibit of the precise


strength and condition of all Illinois volunteers, and the names and residence of those who have fallen in battle, or died in hospitals, or been discharged from the service. In this, however, I have been painfully disappointed. Partial reports, only, have yet been received. The recent movement of troops, and raids of the enemy, in the departments of the Cumberland and Mississippi, have cut off communication with them and the army. I have, however, prepared a statement of our forces from the most reliable data in my possession. Its general accuracy is vouched for; but the strength therein stated is undoubtedly less, in some cases, than it should be. The force stated is intended to cover all who have at any time enlisted in our regiments, and includes all who have died or been discharged. As will be explained hereafter, recruiting for old regiments has not been conducted under orders from this department since January 1, 1862. Those who have been enlisted, however, by the superintendent, and officially reported, are included in this statement. But several hundreds have, undoubtedly, joined these old regiments, who have not been officially reported to the superintendent. The estimate, therefore, is low, and considerably less than I think the balance of the returns, when received, will show. When the balance of the reports shall be received, if it is desired, a supplemental report of the names of all privates can be prepared, although it will make about 1,000 pages.


On the evening of April 15, 1861, the following dispatch was received:

"WASHINGTON, April 15, 1861.

His Excellency, RICHARD YATES:
Call made on you by to-night's mail, for six regiments of militia, for immediate service.

Secretary of War."

The great but humiliating event which immediately preceded this dispatch was the fall of Sumter, at noon on the 13th of that month, on which day, for the first time since the organization of our Government, our national ensign was struck to traitors. The event and dispatch found our State unprepared for war. Although secession ordinances had before then been passed by Southern States — although public property had been seized, in violation of law, and strange colors displayed over our Southern forts — although food and reinforcements for a beleaguered garrison had been driven back to sea, in January — yet our people could not easily realize that we were indeed in a state of civil war.

From a population, in 1850, of 851,470, we had increased to 1,711,951 — more than doubling our population in one decade. Our real and personal property, in 1850 valued at $156,265,006, had, in 1860, increased to $871,860,282, being an increase of $715,595,276, or 457.93 per cent. Our improved lands, which, in 1850, was but 5,039,545 acres, with an estimated value of $96,133,290, had increased, in 1860, to 13,251,473 acres, with an estimated value of $432,531,072. The two principal staple products of our soil, wheat and corn, had increased in a similar ratio — the former from 9,414,575 bushels, in 1850, to 24,159,500, in 1860; and the latter, from 57,646,984, in 1850, to 115,296,779, in 1860. Our magnificent railways, which, in 1850, were only 110 miles, costing $1,440,507, had extended, in 1860, to 2,867 miles, at a cost of $104,944,561. Nor had the progress of our people been confined to an increase of population and wealth. In every city and town had sprung up, as if by magic, the unmistakable evidences of progress in the arts and sciences. In fact, it could be truly said, that through the enlightened liberality of our citizens, the unfortunate, the poor, and the helpless, were provided for and educated without money and without price.


These blessings — this advancement in greatness and power — were not confined to Illinois. Our sister States shared them with us, although not to such an unprecedented extent. North and south, east and west, were all prosperous and happy. No nation on earth could show so bright a record — such a prosperous present or such a hopeful future as ours, up to the year 1860. And it was in the midst of such unexampled prosperity and individual and national happiness that gigantic conspiracies were matured to annul the Federal laws, to subvert the constitution, and overthrow the Government. So accustomed to the pursuits of peace, and so unaccustomed to war were our people, that, although there was little or no military organization in the State, yet, recognizing that all they had been, and all they were, and all they hoped to be, depended upon the maintenance of this Government, and laying aside recent party ties, forgetting for the time late partisan controversies, with an almost unanimous voice demanded the right of Illinois to do her full share in conquering, by force of arms, a peace.

On the twenty-eighth day of February, 1795, Congress had provided that, whenever the laws of the United States should be opposed, or the execution thereof obstructed, in any State, by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in the marshal by that act, it should be lawful for the President of the United States "to call forth the militia" of such State, or any other State or States, as might be necessary to suppress such combination and to cause the laws to be executed. It was further provided that the militia employed in the service of the United States should be subject to the same rules and articles of war as the troops of the United States, and that no officer or private of the militia should be compelled to serve more than three months, after his arrival at the place of rendezvous, in any one year, nor more than his due rotation with every other able-bodied man of the same rank in the battalion to which he belonged.

Our early statesmen, while guarding against standing armies, conferred, upon the President, as Commander-in-Chief of the army and navy, the right to call upon the militia, when necessary, to uphold the Government and cause the laws to be executed; and that militia was declared to consist of every able-bodied white male citizen between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, not specially exempted. The great source of military power in this country, then, is the militia. It may be drafted and compelled to serve a specified time. Its organization belongs to the States, respectively, and calls for it are made upon the States, not upon individuals. To encourage and maintain an organized militia is the duty of every State, since the maintenance of the supremacy of the laws of the United States may, at any time, depend upon such organizations.

The call of April 15 was made upon you, as Commander-in-Chief of the militia of the State, for six regiments. The President, on the same day, issued his proclamation, and, after stating that the laws of the United States "were opposed" and the execution thereof "obstructed," called forth the militia of the several loyal States, to the aggregate number of seventy-five thousand. The circular of the Secretary of War, of the same day, assigning the quotas to the several States under the call, required you to "detach from the militia" of this State 125 officers and 4,458 men, being 4,683. The call to "detach" these officers and men presupposed the existence of an efficient organized militia which could be immediately called into service.

Such, however, was not our condition. From papers turned over to me, November 23, 1862, by my predecessor, I find but twenty-five bonds for the return of arms issued to militia companies in 1857-8-9 and 60, and during the same time but thirty-seven certificates of the election of company officers. It will further appear, from the report of the Quartermaster General, who, until about the first of April, 1862, had charge of the Ordnance Department, there were but three hundred and sixty-two United States altered muskets — one hundred and five Harper's Ferry and Deniger's rifles — one hundred and thirty-three muskatoons, and two hundred and ninety-seven horse pistols in the arsenal. A few hundred unserviceable arms and accoutrements were scattered through the State, principally in the possession of these militia companies. In fact, there were no available, efficient armed and organized


militia companies in the State, and it is doubted whether there were thirty companies with any regular organization. It is true there were in our principal cities and towns several independent militia companies, composed principally of active and enterprising young men, whose occasional meetings for drill were held more for exercise and amusement than from any sense of duty to the State. Many of these companies formed the nucleus of splendid companies, which came promptly forward, and who have rendered excellent service to their State and country.

Such then — a people literally loaded with bounties and blessings of long continued peace — of martial spirit but untried in war, and absolutely unarmed — was the situation.


On the same day, April 15, 1861, your proclamation was issued, convening the Legislature on the 23d, and the subjects named for its consideration were, as follows: "The more perfect organization and equipment of the militia of the State and placing the same upon a war footing; and to render efficient assistance to the General Government in preserving the Union, enforcing the laws and protecting the property and rights of the people. And also to raise such money or other means as may be required to carry out the foregoing objects; and also to provide for the expenses of such session."

General Orders No. 1, from these headquarters, was also issued, directing all commandants of divisions, brigades, regiments and companies to hold themselves in readiness for actual service, and on the 16th, General Orders, No. 2, for the immediate organization of the six regiments.

In answer to this call, a prompt response was received from almost every part of the State. In ten days over ten thousand had tendered their services, and in addition to a part of the force sent to Cairo, more than our full quota was in camp at Springfield.

There being no serviceable arms in the arsenal at Springfield, an unsuccessful application was made to Brigadier General Harney, at the arsenal at St. Louis. Application was also made, on the 19th, at the arsenal in New York, and a messenger dispatched to Washington to obtain them. As these troops were to be mustered into the service of the United States, on the 19th, more than our full quota having been tendered, application was also made for a mustering officer, and, on the 22d, Captain Pope arrived to perform that service. There were volunteers enough and a surplus on that eventful 19th of April, 1861, but the want of arms had become painful and alarming. It was on that day that Union soldiers from a sister State, hastening to the defense of the national capital, were shot down in the streets of Baltimore; and on that and following days that your messenger, returning from that capital and bearing concealed orders from the President to the commanding officer at St. Louis for arms, was obliged to deny the principles of his manhood and avow disloyal sentiments, to escape the vengeance of an enfuriated mob of that city.


On the same day the following dispatch was received from the Secretary of War:

"WASHINGTON, April 19, 1861.

As soon as enough of your troops is mustered into service, send a Brigadier General, with four regiments, at or near Grand Cairo.

Secretary of War."


The importance of taking possession of this point was felt by all, and that too, without waiting the arrival and organization of a brigade. Accordingly, the following dispatch was sent to Brigadier General Swift, at Chicago:

SPRINGFIELD, April 19, 1861.

As quick as possible have as strong a force as you can raise, armed and equipped with ammunition and accoutrements, and a company of artillery, ready to march at a moment's warning. A messenger will start to Chicago tonight.


At eleven (11) o'clock on the twenty-first, only forty-eight hours after this dispatch was delivered, General Swift left Chicago with a force of 595 men and four six-pounder pieces of artillery. Captain Houghtaling's battery, of Ottawa; Captain Hawley's, of Lockport; Captain McAllister's, of Plainfield, and Captain Carr's, of Sandwich, did not arrive in Chicago in time to join the expedition, but followed it the next day. The expedition consisted of the following forces:

Brigadier-General Swift and Staff 14
Chicago Light Artillery, Captain Smith 150
Ottawa Light Artillery, Captain Houghtaling 86
Lockport Light Artillery, Captain Hawley 52
Plainfield Light Artillery, Captain McAllister 72
Co. A, Chicago Zouaves, Captain Hayden 89
Co. B, Chicago Zouaves, Captain Clyborne 83
Captain Harding's Company 80
Turner Union Cadets, Captain Kowald 97
Lincoln Rifles, Captain Mihalotzy 66
Sandwich Company, Captain Carr 102
Drum Corps 17
Total 908

Captain Campbell's Ottawa Independent Artillery, with about twenty men and two six-pounder cannon, joined the force about the 28th of April.

This expedition, indifferently armed with rifles, shot-guns, muskets and carbines, hastily gathered from stores and shops in Chicago, arrived at Big Muddy Bridge, on the Illinois Central Railroad, at five o'clock A. M., April 22, and detaching Captain Harding's company at that point, arrived at Cairo at eight o'clock the following morning. The batteries were unprovided with shot, shell or canister, but slugs hurriedly prepared — and some of which were subsequently used at a critical time, and with terrible effect, by one of these batteries at Fort Donelson — answered the purpose of all.

This command was reinforced, on the twenty-fourth, by seven companies from Springfield, under the command of Colonel Prentiss, who relieved General Swift, except as to that portion — who did not desire to muster into the United States service — commanded by Captains Harding, Hayden and Clyborne, who returned to Springfield on the 2d of May, to join a regiment organizing there. These last companies, however, arrived too late, and were mustered out of the State service, with allowance of one month's pay, under an act of the Legislature then in session.

The importance of an early occupation, by our forces, of Cairo, was not over-estimated. Situated at the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, and commanding the navigation of these waters, its possession, in a strategical point of view, was absolutely necessary to our safety. The State Governments of Missouri, Tennessee and Kentucky were controlled by disloyal men. Governor Magoffin, on the 16th of April, said to the President, in reply to his call on that State for troops: "Your dispatch is received. In answer, I say emphatically, Kentucky will furnish no troops for the wicked purpose of subduing her sister Southern States." Governor Harris, of Tennessee, on the 18th, in reply to the call upon his State, said: "Tennessee will not furnish a


single man for coercion;" and on the same day Governor Jackson, of Missouri, said: "Requisition is illegal, unconstitutional, revolutionary, inhuman, diabolical, and can not be complied with."

By taking possession of this point at so early a date, our forces were enabled to prevent a traffic with the rebellious States in contraband property. This traffic was being actively carried on between Galena and St. Louis, with towns on the Mississippi below Cairo. The execution of the following telegraphic order was the first arrest made to this traffic:

"SPRINGFIELD, April 24, 1861.

The steamers C. E. Hillman and John D. Perry are about to leave St. Louis, with arms and munitions. Stop said boats, and seize all the arms and munitions.


On the evening of the 24th and morning of the 25th, as these boats, bound for southern ports, neared Cairo, Col. Prentiss directed Captain Smith, of the Chicago Light Artillery, and Captain Scott, of the Chicago Zouaves, to board them and bring them to the wharf. His orders were executed, and large quantities of arms and munitions of war were seized and confiscated. Though this seizure was not expressly authorized by the War Department, the act of seizure and subsequent confiscation was approved. Further shipments were all forbidden, soon after, as appears from the following dispatch:

"WASHINGTON, May 7, 1861.

Circular has been sent to collectors forbidding shipments intended for ports under insurrectionary control. Stop such shipments from Cairo.


The Legislature having met on the 23d of April, proceeded at once to provide for the organization of these six regiments, and, on the 25th, an "act to organize six regiments of volunteers from the State of Illinois and provide for the election of regimental officers and of a Brigadier-General," was approved and became a law. Under the old militia laws of the State, a company of infantry consisted of one Captain, one first, one second and one third Lieutenant, four Sergeants, four Corporals, one drummer, one fifer, and not less than forty-six nor more than one hundred and sixteen rank and file. A regiment consisted of one Colonel, one, two or three Majors (as the case might be,) the senior to be Lieutenant-Colonel, with regimental staff, to be appointed by the Colonel, to consist of one Adjutant, who should act as regimental judge advocate, one Quartermaster, one Paymaster, to rank as Captains, respectfully; one Surgeon and one Surgeon's Mate, one Sergeant Major, one Quartermaster Sergeant, one Drum Major and one Fife Major.

The regulations of the Secretary of War for organizing these regiments required each regiment to consist of one Colonel, one Lieutenant-Colonel, one Major, one Adjutant, (a Lieutenant,) one regimental Quartermaster, (a Lieutenant,) one Surgeon, one Surgeon's Mate, one Sergeant Major, one Drum Major, one Fife Major, ten Captains, ten Lieutenants, ten Ensigns, forty Sergeants, forty Corporals, ten drummers, ten fifers and six hundred and forty privates.

The law provided that "in token of respect to the Illinois regiments in Mexico," these regiments should be numbered seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven and twelve; and that when organized they should be known as the "First Brigade Illinois Volunteers." Under the provisions of this law they were organized and mustered into service and ordered to duty as follows:

The Seventh, Colonel Cook, was mustered at Springfield, April 25th, and ordered to Alton the 27th.

The Eighth, Colonel Oglesby, was mustered the same date, and ordered to Cairo the 27th.


The Ninth, Colonel Paine, was mustered at the same place, April 26th, and ordered to Cairo, May 1st.

The Tenth, Colonel Prentiss, was, with a part of his command, ordered to Cairo, April 22d, and was, on the 29th, mustered at Cairo.

The Eleventh, Colonel Wallace, was mustered at Springfield, April 30th, and ordered to Villa Ridge, May 5th.

The Twelfth, Colonel McArthur, was mustered at Springfield, May 2d, and ordered to Cairo, May 10th.

On the completion of the organization of these regiments several hundred volunteers were left unprovided for. Most of the companies arrived in camp with over one hundred men. Seven hundred and eighty, rank and file, was the maximum allowed by the War Department, and among the most touching and painful incidents, indicating the patriotic fervor of our people at that time, noticed in the preparation of these troops for the field, was the rejecting from their companies these surplus volunteers. Strong men, who had left their homes at an hour's notice to enter the service of their country, wept at the disappointment of being refused admission to their companies on muster day. Provision was made of one month's pay for them, and they filed their rolls and were mustered out of the service of the State.


In anticipation of a call for more troops by the General Government, and in addition to liberal appropriation bills to enable the State to be placed on a war footing, the Legislature, at the same session, authorized the acceptance, for State service, ten regiments of infantry, one regiment of cavalry and one battalion of light artillery.

The third section of that law provided that one of such regiments might be raised put of volunteer companies then in Springfield, and one regiment from each of the nine congressional districts theretofore established in this State. The fourth section provided that all persons voluntarily enlisting in said regiments or battalion, before being tendered or accepted as a company, or in regiments, should severally pledge themselves if called upon to tender their services to the General Government.

The fifth section provided that, as soon as arms could be provided, they should be put into encampments, by regiments, at their regimental headquarters, within the congressional district in which they were raised, and should be held in camp for thirty days, for the purpose of instruction and discipline, unless sooner demanded by the United States for actual duty.

The tenth section provided that, as soon as ten companies should be formed into a regiment, an election should be ordered for regimental officers.

This act took effect May 2d, and on the next day the President issued his proclamation calling for 42,032 volunteers, to serve for three years, unless sooner discharged.

Over two hundred companies immediately tendered their services. The messenger, who had left Washington with an order for arms in the St. Louis arsenal, had arrived, and notwithstanding the arsenal was closely watched by secessionists in St. Louis, a plan was secretly adopted and executed, and on the morning of the 26th of April a steamboat from St. Louis arrived at Alton with about twenty-one thousand stand of arms on board, which were forwarded to Springfield the same day.

May 6th, controversies about tenders were settled and regiments ordered into camp. The regiment from the first congressional district was ordered to rendezvous at Freeport, May 11; the regiment from second, at Dixon, May 9; the regiment from third, at Joliet, May 11; the regiment from fourth, at Peoria, May 13; the regiment from fifth, at Quincy, May 9; the regiment from sixth, at Jacksonville, May 11; the regiment from seventh, at Mattoon, May 9; the regiment from eighth, at Belleville, May 11; and the regiment from the ninth, at Anna, May 16. The regiment from the State at large, composed in part of companies in Springfield, were, on the eleventh of June, ordered into camp at Chicago on the thirteenth of June.


These ten regiments of infantry, and one of cavalry, and a battalion of artillery, were immediately tendered to the General Government. But on the third of May, the following reply was received, refusing to accept cavalry:

"WASHINGTON, May 3, 1861.

In reply to yours of the second, I am again obliged, at the solicitation of General Scott, to decline acceptance of cavalry. Adjutant General Thomas is clear in his opinion that they can not be of service adequate to the expense incurred by accepting them.

Secretary of War."

No decisive reply was received in relation to infantry until the 15th, when the following dispatch was received:

"WASHINGTON, May 15, 1861.

The quota of troops from your State, for three years or during the war, under the second call of the President, is six regiments. The plan of organization contained in Order No. 15, has already been forwarded you by mail. As soon as the regiments are ready the mustering officer sent to your State will muster them into service, who has already been instructed to do so.

Secretary of War."

In a letter dated the next day, the Secretary of War said:

"It is important to reduce rather than increase this number, and in no event to exceed it. Let me earnestly recommend to you, therefore, to call for no more than twelve regiments, of which six only are to serve for three years or during the war, and if more are already called for, to reduce the number by discharge."

A messenger was immediately dispatched to Washington to urge upon the Secretary of War the importance of accepting the other four regiments — as they were all raised and most of them actually in camp — and also to conclude an arrangement which had previously been suggested by the Secretary of War, of reorganizing the six three months' regiments for three years' service. The result was, that the other four regiments were accepted, and on the twenty-eighth of May an arrangement was made that the three months' regiments might be mustered into service for three years, immediately, provided four-fifths (4-5) of them were willing, and if the remaining fifth declined, they were to be immediately mustered out of service. This proposition was declined at that time by the three months' regiments. A change of climate, bad water and poor clothing had sent many to the hospital, and the result was that out of 4680 who enlisted in the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th regiments, but about 2000 subsequently re-enlisted, at the expiration of their term of service, in July following.

The 13th regiment was mustered at Dixon, July 24, under Col. Wyman; the 14th, at Jacksonville, on the 25th, under Col. Palmer; the 15th, at Freeport, May 24, under Col. Turner; the 16th, at Quincy, May 24, under Col. Smith; the 17th, at Peoria, May 24, under Col. Ross; the 18th, at Anna, May 28, under Col. Lawler; the 19th, at Chicago, June 17, under Col. Turchin; the 20th, at Joliet, June 13, under Col. Marsh; the 21st, at Mattoon, June 15, under Col. Grant; and the 22d, at Belleville, June 25, under Col. Dougherty.

The refusal on the part of the Secretary of War to authorize you to accept more troops caused several thousand of our best and impatient volunteers to leave their State in May, June and July, and enlist elsewhere. Denied the privilege of serving their country in regiments from their own State, they sought other fields of usefulness. Many whole companies entered Missouri regiments, and are now in the service. From correspondence with many of these so-called Missouri regiments, and from estimates made by those whose opinion is entitled to credit, I have no doubt more than ten thousand Illinoisans left their own State and enlisted in regiments of other States.


In several cases application has been made to you to have regiments, a large majority of which consisted of Illinoisans, recognized as Illinois regiments. To provide for these cases the War Department, on the 21st of February last, decided that "whenever a regiment is composed of companies from different States, it will be considered as belonging to the State from which the greatest number of companies was furnished for that regiment." Under this order the 59th regiment, formerly 9th Missouri, and the 66th, formerly known as "Birge's Sharp Shooters," have been reclaimed, and other similar applications are now pending.

The "plan of organization," referred to in the dispatch of the 15th, was promulgated in General Orders No. 15, of the War Department, May 15, 1861, and provided for raising thirty-nine additional regiments of infantry and one regiment of cavalry, making a minimum aggregate of 34,506 officers and enlisted men, and a maximum aggregate of 42,034 officers and enlisted men, as heretofore stated. Each regiment of infantry was to consist of one Colonel, one Lieutenant-Colonel, one Major, one Adjutant, one Quartermaster, one Surgeon, one Assistant Surgeon, one Sergeant Major, one Quartermaster Sergeant, one Commissary Sergeant, one Hospital Steward, two principal Musicians and twenty-four Musicians for band. Each company to consist of one Captain, one First Lieutenant, one Second Lieutenant, one First Sergeant, four Sergeants, eight Corporals, two Musicians, one Wagoner and not less than sixty-four men nor more than eighty-two privates — a minimum company being eighty-three, and maximum one hundred and one.


The cavalry regiment authorized by the law of the special session, May 3, 1861, was formed by the acceptance of companies as provided by law.

The companies reported at Camp Yates previous to the passage of the law, and known as the "Chicago Dragoons" and "Washington Light Cavalry," commanded, respectively, by Captains Chas. W. Barker and Frederick Schambeck, were immediately organized and mustered into the State service; and subsequently, on the 10th day of May, three companies were accepted from that portion of the State lying south of the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad, viz.: Captain Orlando Burrell, "White County Cavalry;" Captain James Foster's "Gallatin County Cavalry," and the "Centralia Cavalry," commanded by Captain R. D. Noleman.

In view of the great expense of this arm of the service, and the further fact, that the State did not need more than five companies for its own defense, your excellency declined organizing the full regiment until the services of the same should be required by the Government.

The five additional companies were, however, designated in compliance with law, and mentioned in special order of May 16, 1861, raised at points named, by the following officers: Captain John McNulta, Bloomington; Captain A. C. Harding, Monmouth; Captain John Burnap, Springfield; Captain J. B. Smith, Knoxville; Captain Paul Walters, Hillsboro.

On the 21st day of June, 1861, the President accepted the services of ten companies of cavalry for three years' service, unless sooner discharged; and the companies previously accepted by your excellency were assigned to form the "1st Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Cavalry," and under direction of the War Department, were equipped and mustered into the United States service.

The Chicago Dragoons, Captain Barker, were first ordered to Cairo, and thence, by order of Gen. McClellan, transferred to his command in Western Virginia; but, upon declining to enter the three years' service, were ordered to Chicago, and mustered out of service in the month of September, 1861.

Companies A, B, C, D, E, F and G, commanded by Captains McNulta, Foster, Mitchell, Smith, Walters, Burnap and Palmer, were, with the 23d, Colonel Mulligan, engaged at the siege of Lexington, Missouri, and, with other United States forces, taken prisoners of war on the 20th of September, 1861.


By order of Major-General John C. Fremont, then commanding Department of the West, the enlisted men of these seven companies were mustered out of service on the 8th day of October, 1861, but, by order of the President, were reinstated and declared as continuously in service; and by order of the War Department, dated 21st December, 1861, the regiment was reorganized at Benton Barracks, St. Louis, Missouri, during the month of December, 1861, but only continued in service a short time, because of difficulties arising in relation to large numbers of its members not having been properly exchanged.

Captain Oscar Huntley's cavalry company, raised in Winnebago county under authority of General Fremont, was assigned to this regiment at the time of its re-organization at Benton Barracks, but not mustered out of service, as it was not involved in the affair at Lexington.

The battalion of artillery authorized by the law of May 2 was not organized as such. Company "A," Chicago Artillery, Captain Smith (afterwards Captain Willard's), Captain Houghtaling's Ottawa Artillery, and Captain McAllister's Plainfield Artillery, formed a part of General Swift's expedition to Cairo, in April. Captain Hopkins' Springfield Artillery was also ordered to Cairo, in April, and all remained in the service. They were first mustered into the three months' service, and afterwards into the three years' service. Captain Houghtaling's battery was first mustered into the three months' service, as company "F," 10th regiment; Captain McAlister's as company "K," same regiment, three months' service; and Captain Hopkins', as company "I," same regiment. Company "B," Captain Taylor, Chicago Artillery; Captain Davidson, Peoria Artillery; Captain Madison's battery, and company "A," Chicago Artillery, re-organized under Captain Willard, were accepted under this law as batteries. These seven batteries and Captain Campbell's Ottawa battery were mustered into service, and their organization protected by an acceptance from the War Department of an additional battalion of artillery, in July.


These regiments of Infantry, to-wit: Nos. 7 to 22, inclusive, which you had been authorized to raise, were, in June, either full or nearly so. In May, June and July, the following regiments of infantry were authorized by the Secretary of War:

23d, Colonel Mulligan;
24th, " Coler;
34th, " Kirk;
36th, " Greusel;
39th, " Light;
41st, " Pugh;
44th, " Knobelsdorf;
47th, " Bryner;
55th, " Stuart;
24th, Colonel Hecker;
33d, " Hovey;
35th, " Smith;
37th, " White;
40th, " Hicks;
42d, " Webb;
45th, " Smith;
52d, " Wilson

4th cavalry, Colonel Dickey; 8th cavalry, Colonel Farnsworth: 9th cavalry, Colonel Brackett; and the 11th cavalry, Colonel Ingersoll, by General Fremont.

All these regiments were speedily filled, and, on the second of July, you were authorized to organize the second cavalry, Colonel Noble.

In answer to frequent applications to accept more troops from this State, the Secretary of War, on the 16th of July, returned the following answer:

"WAR DEPARTMENT, July 16, 1861.

SIR: — No more troops will be accepted by this Department till authorized by Congress. Your offer will be filed and receive attention at the proper time.

Yours, respectfully,
Secretary of War.

HON. RICHARD YATES, Springfield."



On the 21st of July, the memorable battle of Bull Run was fought and lost, and on the next day Congress authorized the President to call into service five hundred thousand troops.

On the 23d, the following correspondence took place:

Secretary of War.

SIR: — Being advised that you are receiving tenders of additional troops, I desire to tender you, for Illinois, thirteen additional regiments of infantry, most of them now ready to rendezvous; three additional regiments of cavalry and one additional battery of light artillery. Illinois demands the right to do her full share in the work of preserving our glorious Union from the assaults of high handed rebellion, and I insist that you respond favorably to the tender I have made.


"WAR DEPARTMENT, July 25, 1862.

"I have telegraphed today, accepting your patriotic offer of thirteen additional regiments of infantry, three additional regiments of cavalry, and one additional battery of artillery, advising you that, if you so desire, you can provide for and equip them, if you can do so with advantage as respects economy and dispatch.

"It is absolutely necessary that the officers should be capable and reliable men; and to this end the Department wishes it distinctly understood that it will revoke the commissions of all officers who may be found incompetent for command.

"You will please telegraph immediately to the Adjutant General, at Washington, where and when these troops will be ready to be mustered into the service, in order that an officer may be detailed for that duty, without delay.

"I appreciate the patriotic spirit of your people, as evinced in your noble offer, and doubt not that they will prove equal to every demand that may be made upon them in behalf of the preservation of our glorious Union.

I am, Governor, with high respect,
Your obedient servant,
Secretary of War."

Under this authority the
26th, Colonel Loomis;
28th, " Johnson;
30th, " Fouke;
32d, " John Logan;
43d, " Raith;
48th, " Haynie;
50th, " Bane;
27th, Colonel Buford;
29th, " Reardon;
31st, " John A. Logan;
38th, " Carlin;
46th, " Davis;
49th, " Morrison, were raised.

Also, the 3d cavalry, Colonel Carr; 7th cavalry, Colonel Kellogg; and the 6th cavalry, Colonel Cavanaugh.


August 13, 1861, another application was made to the Secretary of War to accept more troops, and, on the 14th, all restriction was removed, and all infantry regiments were authorized to be accepted who were willing to enter the service.


On the 27th of the same month, authority was given to accept the 5th cavalry Colonel Updegraff, and, on the fifth of September, to accept the tenth, Colonel Barrett.

On the 28th of September, you were also authorized to accept the twelfth, Colonel Voss, and on the 27th of November, the thirteenth, Colonel Bell. The last two regiments of cavalry were, however, limited to two battalions, of four companies each; and, in the latter case, a battalion, authorized some months before by the War Department, and raised by Lieutenant-Colonel Hartman, was to constitute a part.

In addition to the thirteen regiments of cavalry, authorized in 1861, Captain Marx recruited a company, under the auspices of General Smith, for Thielman's battalion, and Major Thielman was commissioned as Major, with rank from November 1, 1861. His command consisted of his company, nominally attached to the first cavalry, and now commanded by Captain Marshner, and Captain Marx's company.

Captain Warren Stewart also raised a company under authority of General Fremont, of August 3, 1861. Four companies were also raised in connection with the 27th, 29th, 30th and 31st regiments, (General McClernand's brigade), commanded by Captains Hutchins, Carmikel, O'Harnett, and Dollins. These four companies, and Captain Stewart's, were subsequently organized as a battalion, and Captain Stewart commissioned Major, with rank from February 1, 1862.

Another company was raised by Capt. Naughton under authority from Gen. Fremont, to be attached to the 23d regiment, in September, 1861; but, after the battle of Lexington, was transferred by the Governor of Missouri and attached to a Missouri regiment known as the "Curtis Horse," commanded by Col. Lowe.

A company known as the Kane County Cavalry, Capt. Dodson, was also raised. This company was raised for the 2d cavalry, but was never assigned to it. It has recently been assigned to the 15th cavalry.

The company known as "Chicago Light Dragoons," commanded by Captain Barker, was reorganized under the command of Captain Shearer, and another company recruited, and have since been known as the "McClellan Dragoons." They were temporarily attached to a regiment of regulars. These companies have since been assigned to the twelfth cavalry, Colonel Voss.

Under the general permission of the Secretary of War, of August 14, 1861, the following regiments of infantry were authorized: the 56th, Colonel Kirkham; the 61st, Colonel Fry; the 64th, Lieutenant-Colonel Williams, being a battalion of six companies, known as "Yates Sharp Shooters:" the 65th, Colonel Cameron, verbally in November, and confirmed by War Department in December; 51st, Colonel Cummings, September 20; the 53d, Colonel Cushman, including squadron of cavalry and battery of artillery, September 16; the 58th, Colonel Lynch, September 25; the 57th, Colonel Baldwin, August 14; the 54th, Colonel Harris; the 60th, Colonel Toler; 62d, Colonel True, and the 63d, Colonel Moro, known as the "Kentucky Brigade," were authorized by the War Department, subject to your approval, October 3, 1861.

In the summer of 1861, an informal permission had been given to raise an additional regiment of artillery. The most of the companies had been raised and the authority was formally recognized and approved by the Secretary of War, January 2, 1862.



On the 3d of December all recruiting, except for regiments then organizing and for old regiments, was suspended, by General Orders No. 105, of War Department. Par. 1 and 2 of that order is as follows:

WASHINGTON, December 3, 1861.


"The following orders have been received from the Secretary of War:

"I. No more regiments, batteries, or independent companies will be raised by the Governors of States, except upon the special requisition of the War Department.

"Those now forming in the various States will be completed, under direction of the respective Governors thereof, unless it be deemed more advantageous to the service to assign the men already raised to regiments, batteries or independent companies now in the field, in order to fill up their organizations to the maximum standard prescribed by law.

"II. The recruiting service in the various States for the volunteer forces already in service, and for those that may hereafter be received, is placed under charge of general superintendents for those States, respectively, with general depots for the collection and instruction of recruits."

At that time, beside the six regiments of three months' men, we had sent to the field over forty three thousand (43,000) men, and had then in camps of instruction, in the State, over seventeen thousand (17,000).

During the month of December, 4,160 more recruits were enlisted; all squads and parts of regiments were consolidated, and the 45th, 46th, 49th and 57th were organized and mustered into service. The only incomplete regiments of infantry in the State December 31 were the 51st, Colonel Cummings, at Camp Douglas; the 53d, Colonel Cushman, at Ottawa; the 58th, Colonel Lynch, at Camp Douglas; the 23d, Colonel Mulligan, at Camp Douglas, reorganizing, and four regiments at Jonesboro, 54th, 60th, 62d and 63d.


On the first of January, 1862, it seemed probable that Illinois, haying at that time furnished about fifteen thousand more than her proportion of troops in the field, would not be called upon, or permitted to raise more, except to fill up the regiments last named, and such as might enlist in old regiments. The exciting scenes of the year just closed have taught us a sad experience, and show how unfounded were our expectations at its commencement. The State, instead of being able to rest with the satisfaction of having done her whole duty to the country, was soon called upon to redouble her energies for new and exciting and more eventful realities.

In January the 32d regiment, Colonel John Logan; the 45th regiment, Colonel John E. Smith, and the 64th regiment, Lieutenant-Colonel D. D. Williams, infantry, and the 10th cavalry regiment, Colonel J. A. Barrett, were ordered to the field. In February, the 46th, Colonel John A. Davis; 49th, Colonel Wm. R. Morrison; 57th, Colonel Silas D. Baldwin; 58th, Colonel Wm. F. Lynch, and 61st, Colonel Jacob Fry, infantry; and 5th cavalry, Colonel Wilson; 9th cavalry, Colonel Brackett, and 13th cavalry, Colonel Bell; and seven splendid batteries of light artillery followed, commanded by Captains Sparstrom, Stienbeck, Keith, Rogers, Waterhouse, Silversparre and Bouton. The most of these troops reached the field in time to join our old regiments, and with them to participate in the battle of Fort Donelson, on the 15th and 16th of February.

Immediately after the battle of Fort Donelson over ten thousand prisoners of war were sent to Camp Douglas and Camp Butler, and the State was called upon to guard them with such troops as were then at these camps. The 23d and 65th regiments of infantry, and the 12th cavalry regiment, and two or three artillery companies were at Camp Douglas; the 53d infantry at Ottawa, and two companies of artillery at Camp Butler. Neither of these regiments were full. The 12th cavalry was ordered to Camp Butler, and the 53d infantry to Camp Douglas.


In March, the 53d, 56th and 60th regiments of infantry, and three more batteries of artillery, commanded by Captains Bolton, Cheeney and Coggswell; and in April, the 62d and 63d infantry took the field, leaving in the State only the 65th (fully organized), the 23d (fully reorganized), Phillips' battery, and the 12th cavalry, all doing guard duty at these camps.


On the 3d of April, the War Department directed a discontinuance of the recruiting service, as established December 3. The officers detached on that service were ordered to rejoin their regiments, and the superintendents directed to disband their recruiting parties and close their offices. The State having been directed, in December, to suspend recruiting, except to complete corps then commenced, and such corps having been filled, the entire recruiting in the State may be said to have closed on the 3d of April, 1862.

The system of recruiting for old regiments, under the State superintendent appointed by the War Department, was in operation during January, February and March, and with a large detail of recruiting officers about three hundred and fifty-one recruits were enlisted. At first it was supposed that want of success was on account of recruits not being allowed to enlist for particular regiments, but this objection was removed on the 11th of January, and yet these officers met with little success.

On the 1st of May the following order of the War Department was promulgated:

WASHINGTON, May 1, 1862:


Upon requisitions made by commanders of armies in the field, authority will be given by the War Department, to the Governors of the respective States, to recruit regiments now in service.

By order of the Secretary of War.
L. THOMAS, Adjutant General.

On the next day, the following requisition was made for recruits to fill up old regiments:


His Excellency, RICHARD YATES, Governor of Illinois, Springfield.

GOVERNOR: — I am authorized to call upon you for recruits to fill up the volunteer regiments from your State in this army.

Many of them have been reduced, by disease and recent battles, very far below the minimum standard. A detail from such regiments will soon be sent to you for recruiting service, and it is hoped that you will give the matter your immediate attention.

Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Major-General Commanding.

On the 6th of June, however, the plan of December 3 was reinstated by the War Department, and invalid or disabled officers, necessarily absent from their regiments, were directed to be detailed for that duty whenever they were able to perform it.

A recent communication from Colonel Morrison, superintendent for this State, shows that from the 5th of July to the 22d ultimo, two hundred and four officers had reported to him, and during that time 2,753 recruits had been enlisted and forwarded to their regiments, making an aggregate, from January 1 to December 22, 1862, of 3,121. More than sixty per cent of these recruits were enlisted during the excitement in August and September.



On the 25th of May last the following dispatch was received from the Secretary of War:

WASHINGTON, May 25, 1862.

Intelligence from various sources leaves no doubt that the enemy, in great force, are advancing on Washington. You will please organize and forward immediately all the volunteer and militia force in your State.

Secretary of War.

In two weeks the 67th, Colonel Hough, the 68th, Colonel Stuart, the 69th, Colonel Tucker, the 70th, Colonel Reeves, the 71st, Colonel Gilbert, infantry, for three months' service, were in camp. The 23d, Colonel Mulligan, and Rourke's battery, left for Annapolis June 12th; the 65th, Colonel Cameron, June 21st; the 12th cavalry, June 27th; the 68th, July 6th; Phillips' battery, July 12th, and the 71st for Columbus July 27th. The 67th, Colonel Hough, and the 69th, Colonel Tucker, were assigned to duty at Camp Douglas, and the 70th, Colonel Reeves, at Camp Butler.


On the 17th of May a regiment was called for, for particular service, and on the 30th the Secretary of War informed you he would accept all three years' men who wished to enlist, and all volunteers and militia for three months who had before then offered their services, and who had so far perfected their organization as to be able to report for orders at certain places named by the 10th of June.

On the 6th of July another call of three hundred thousand was made by the President. It was at first intended to credit on this call those States for any surplus which they had furnished. It was not known at the time what our surplus was. On the next day the Secretary of War called upon Illinois for nine more regiments, "being a part of your (our) quota under the call of the President." These regiments were immediately called for by General Order No. 42, from this department, and regulations prescribed for their rendezvous and organization. Before these regiments were filled, however, and on the 17th of July, Congress enacted that whenever the President should "call forth the militia of the States, to be employed in the service of the United States," he should specify in his call the period for which said service should be required, not exceeding nine months, and the militia so called should be mustered in and continue to serve during the period so specified. The fourth section of the act authorized the President, for the purpose of filling up old regiments, to accept the services of one hundred thousand volunteers, for a period not exceeding one year.

Three hundred thousand militia, to serve for a period of nine months, unless sooner discharged, were called for August 5. The order of the Secretary of War, making the call upon this State, assumed that a draft would be necessary; and, in anticipation that the States would not be able to contribute their quotas of the call in July for three years' service, announced that if any State should not by the 18th day of August furnish its quota of the three years' volunteers, the deficiency would be made up by a special draft from the militia. Two days after this order, to-wit, August 7, notice was given you that unless the enrollment of the militia had been commenced, to have it done immediately, at the expense of the general government.

These vigorous measures gave hope of a speedy termination of this terrible war. The people of the State received the announcement with the wildest excitement and most unbounded satisfaction. Messengers and committees from every portion of the State hastened to the Capital, demanding that, as they were ready to perform their share of the work of saving the Government, they should not be drafted so long as they were willing to volunteer. This condition of things was promptly communicated to the War Department, and


the assignment of our quota, under both calls, urgently requested. The next day it was announced that our quota, under each call, would be 26,148, but as Illinois had furnished 16,978 in excess of her quota of those in the field, the total quotas under both calls was 35,320. Application was made hourly from the different counties in the State to ascertain what their quota was, and immediately on ascertaining from the War Department what it was, the announcement was made through the public press. Still, in the minds of some, there appeared a question as to whether volunteers for three years would be accepted in lieu of militia. This was quickly settled, however, by a telegram on the 8th from the War Department, that all volunteers would be accepted until the 15th of August for new regiments, and all after that time for filling up old regiments, and that all volunteers enlisted before the draft (August 18) would be credited on those calls.

On the 9th of August, from returns made to this department, I informed the public that there would not be a draft. This was upon the strength of the dispatch from Washington that our quota was 35,320. The records now on file show that the announcement thus made was not premature, and that the information thus communicated was correct. On the evening of that day, however, the Assistant Adjutant General telegraphed that it had been decided, in fixing the quota of volunteers, not to regard those in the field before the call, leaving our quota, under both calls, at 52,296, notwithstanding our previous excess of 16,978.

My dispatch of the 11th, urging continued efforts to fill our quota, was because of this change in our quotas, as well as the fact that many companies who had tendered their services were nine months' men.

To raise either 52,296 or 35,320 volunteers (with perhaps the exception of 1,000 who had enlisted between July 7 and August 5), but thirteen days were allowed. The floating population of the State who would enlist had already done so. These new volunteers must come, if come at all, from the farmers and mechanics of the State. Farmers were in the midst of their harvests, and it is no exaggeration to say, that inspired by a holy zeal, animated by a common purpose and firmly resolved on rescuing this Government from the very brink of ruin and restoring it to the condition our fathers left it, over 50,000 of them left their harvests ungathered, their tools on their benches, the plows in the furrows, and turned their backs upon home and loved ones, and before eleven days expired the demands of the country were met and both quotas were filled. Proud indeed was the day to all Illinoisans when this extraordinary announcement was made that the enlistment rolls were full. And when the historian shall write the record of these eventful days of August, 1862, no prouder record can be erected to the honor and memory of a free people than a plain, full narrative of actual realities.

It is not my province, in this report, to bestow fulsome praise, or write glowing eulogies, but when I remember what we all witnessed in those days when I remember the unselfish and patriotic impulse which animated every soul — and the universal liberality of those who were either too young or too old to enlist, to aid those who were eager to join their brethren in the field — when I remember the holy ardor which aged mothers and fair daughters infused into husbands, sons and brothers — I say when I remember these things, I can not but feel justified in departing from the dull routine of statistics, and bestow upon the subject this passing notice.

On the 14th of August the time was extended for filling up new regiments from the 18th to the 22d, and for old regiments to the 1st of September. The extension for this State was not necessary, for the muster rolls show that before the 19th of August our quotas, as last established, were filled. Yet on this same day, August 14, the War Department, by General Order No. 105, announced that unless old regiments should be filled by the 1st of September a special draft would be ordered on that day, and you were informed that it required 34,719 to fill up those regiments. In view of this state of things it was determined that if the War Department should insist that Illinois should be required to raise this additional force of 34,719, to fill up old regiments, it would be useless to attempt to raise them by volunteer enlistments. On the


21st of August, therefore, General Militia Order No. 1 was issued from this department, directing an enrollment of the entire militia of the State. This was deemed necessary to meet any contingencies that might arise, and be prepared for a draft in case one should be still demanded.

Immediately after the call for nine regiments, in July, nine camps were established, one in each of the old congressional districts of the State, for the temporary rendezvous of those regiments, but with the intention of removing them, as soon as they should be full, into the principal camps of instruction at Chicago and Springfield, for permanent organization and instruction.

There was, however, in the State barely enough camp and garrison equipage for these regiments, and consequently an additional embarrassment presented itself to provide for those called August 5. The State was soon full of volunteers. All had left their business and some of them were without homes. The General Government was unable to supply tents, and there was not time to erect barracks to accommodate half of them. Such, therefore, as were not supplied were directed to remain at home or seek temporary quarters, as best they could, and await orders.

And still another difficulty grew out of the want of clothing, and especially blankets. All the resources of the Government were taxed to supply the immense army organizing throughout the country, and, considering the immense amount of supplies required, and the suddenness of the emergency which had called out these volunteers, their wants were met with very commendable promptness. In most of the counties of the State there were fair grounds at the county seats. In many counties the sheds on these county fair grounds were repaired and occupied by companies and regiments until quarters could be prepared for them at the general camps of instruction. Several regiments, however, who were unable to obtain quarters at the principal camps, moved from these neighborhood rendezvous directly to the field.

Six of these new regiments were organized, mustered, armed, and clothed, and sent into the field in August; twenty-two and Board of Trade Battery, Captain Stokes, and Miller's Battery in September; thirteen in October; fifteen, besides the Springfield Light Artillery, Captain Vaughn, and Mercantile Battery, Captain Cooley, in November, and three in December, making an aggregate of fifty-nine regiments of infantry and four batteries, consisting of fifty-three thousand eight hundred and nineteen (53,819) officers and enlisted men. Besides this, twenty-seven hundred and fifty-three (2,753) were, during about the same time, enlisted and sent to old regiments under the direction of Colonel Morrison, State Superintendent. Add to these 1,083 14th cavalry, now organizing at Peoria; 386 in Camp Butler; 156, Elgin Battery, Captain Renwick, at Camp Douglas, now under marching orders; 135, Henshaw's Battery, at Ottawa; and 83, Captain Adams' cavalry company of the 15th regiment, makes the grand total under the last calls, fifty-eight thousand four hundred and sixteen (58,416), or six thousand one hundred and nineteen (6,119) more than our quotas under the last calls. The excess furnished by this State, as reported by the Secretary of War, August 8, was sixteen thousand nine hundred and seventy-eight (16,978), which, added to the surplus under the last calls of six thousand one hundred and nineteen (6,119), makes the total excess, as officially ascertained, twenty-three thousand and ninety-seven (23,097). That the real excess is much greater there can be no doubt whatever. The reasons for this conclusion have heretofore been stated.

Since the call of August 5, the Secretary of War has authorized the acceptance of several regiments of cavalry and six batteries of light artillery. But two of these regiments will probably be raised by enlistments, the 14th, Colonel Capron, at Peoria, and the 16th, now known as the 17th, Colonel Thieleman, at Camp Butler. The 15th, Colonel Stewart, was organized on the 25th ultimo, by assigning to his battalion of six companies, two companies, Captains Willis and Shearer, attached to the 36th infantry; one, Captain Gilbert, formerly attached to the 52d, and afterwards nominally assigned to the 12th cavalry; one, Captain Ford, attached to the 53d infantry; one, Captain Huntley, formerly of the 1st cavalry; and one, Captain Wilder, known as the "Kane County Cavalry."


Four of the six batteries have already been raised. Three of them — Board of Trade Battery, Captain Stokes; Mercantile Battery, Captain Cooley; and Springfield Battery, Captain Vaughn — are in the field. The Elgin Battery, Captain Renwick, is ready and under orders. Captain Henshaw is nearly full, and Captain Hawthorne will probably be full the present month.


The second and third sections of article 1, of an act entitled "An act to amend chapter 70, Revised Statutes, entitled Militia," in force May 2, 1861, provided for the enrollment of the militia of the State, and the fourth section required returns to be made to this office, August 1, 1861, and annually thereafter.

Article 2 provided for a division of the militia into two classes, the voluntary and reserve; the first to consist of those who voluntarily organize themselves into companies of not less than fifty nor more than one hundred members each, and who shall have a uniform, and shall elect officers and assemble for drill and purposes of military discipline, not less than four days in each year, and who shall be furnished with arms and equipments by the State, and be first subject to call or draft into service, at the requisition of the Governor. The second to consist of all those who do not so organize, and also to be subject to draft.

Article 3 provides for the election of officers, authorizes the Governor to organize companies into regiments, and declares the term of service at six years.

Article 5, among other things, provides that there shall be kept in the Adjutant General's office a complete roll of the companies so organized — that the muster rolls of such companies shall be made annually by the officers of each company, and copies thereof kept on file in this office.

Section 4 provides that a record of the dates of all commissions granted under this act shall be kept, and that officers shall take rank from the date of their commissions.

In 1861, the enrollment was taken in most of the counties of the State and returned to this office, as contemplated by the law, but no "corrected lists" were returned on the first of August, 1862. On that day circulars were sent to all the county clerks, notifying them to immediately forward copies of such list, if possible, and in case the assessors had failed to file them in their offices, to notify me of such failure. A few of these lists were received in August, but in most of the counties the failure was on the part of the assessors.

But little attention was paid to the organization of companies under this law. Only forty-two muster-rolls and twenty-nine certificates of election were filed and fifteen commissions issued in 1861.

On the 23d of August last, for the purpose of preparing the State for a draft to fill up old regiments in case it should be required, and in pursuance of an order of the War Department, the enrollment of the entire militia force of the State was ordered. An enrolling officer, a draft commissioner and surgeon were appointed in each county, as required by said order. The third paragraph of said order is as follows:

"Third. The Governors of the respective States will cause an enrollment to be made forthwith by the assessors of the several counties, or by any other officers, to be appointed by such Governors, of all able-bodied male citizens, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, within the respective counties, giving the name, age and occupation of each, together with remarks showing whether he is in the service of the United States, and in what capacity, and any other facts which may determine his exemption from military duty.

"All reasonable and proper expenses of such enrollment, and of the draft hereinafter provided, will be reimbursed by the United States, upon vouchers showing the detailed statement of service performed and expenses incurred, to be approved by such Governors."


To obtain the information required by this order, a new and full enrollment was indispensably necessary. The enrolling officers were furnished by this department with necessary blanks and instructions, and directed, if possible, to make returns by the 10th of September. It being impossible to do so, however, the time was afterwards extended.

Returns of the enrollment have been received from all but Saline and Warren counties. The number in service and liable to service in those counties are estimated from returns from other counties in that part of the State. An abstract of this enrollment will be found in schedule "D." A considerable portion of this enrollment was taken before active enlistments ceased. The returns show only 115,123 in service, whereas the number ascertained as actually on the muster rolls is 135,440, as will be seen by schedule "A," being 20,317 more than returned by enrolling officers.

The returns show —

In service 115,123
Liable to service 276,196

Correcting these returns and adding 20,317 to 115,123 makes 135,440, according to schedule "A"; and deducting this 20,317 from 276,196, stated in schedule "D," liable to service, leaves 255,879 still liable to service.

It further appears, from these returns and official reports, that .0794 of our population in 1860, or nearly 8 per cent, and 346.1000, or over one-third of all able-bodied male citizens between 18 and 45 years, have already entered the service.

In September the draft commissioners were notified to await further orders before proceeding to investigate the cases of persons who claimed to be exempt from draft. In view of the probability that no draft would be required, and to save expense, this notice was given, but the enrolling officers who had not fully completed their returns were directed to do so. On the first of November, however, the following dispatch was received:

WASHINGTON, October 31, 1862.

Please send to me, as soon as possible: first — the number of men enrolled in your State for draft; second — the number of men drafted; third — the number of commissions; fourth — the number of surgeons to examine for exemption; fifth — the number of camps of rendezvous; sixth — the number of volunteers for nine months to take the place of drafted men, seventh — the number of drafted men who volunteered for three years.

By order of the Secretary of War.

The following answer was returned:

The enrollment of the militia of the State was suspended on Governor Yates' return from Washington, on account of his being informed by the Secretary of War that no draft would probably be required in this State. Fifty-five thousand volunteers have enlisted in new regiments in this State under the last two calls. Shall the enrollment be completed?

Adjutant General.

The following reply was received November 4:

WASHINGTON, November 3, 1862.

ALLEN C. FULLER, Adjutant General:
It is not necessary to complete the enrollment, under the circumstances.


On the 15th of September the enrollment and organization of two hundred companies of infantry were called for and the organization prescribed. An assurance was given that agents of the State had been sent to purchase arms for twenty regiments, and as soon as the same should be received they would


be issued to regiments prepared to receive them. In fact, every encouragement was given to the formation of volunteer militia companies, and yet but very few muster rolls have been returned.

The result of this last attempt to organize a volunteer militia force in this State has confirmed me in the opinion, long entertained, that an unpaid, un-uniformed, and unarmed militia organization can not be secured. However sound the theory that a military education is desirable, or at least that all able-bodied male citizens should accustom themselves to the use of arms, and learn the rudiments of the art of war, yet our people of late years reject the theory as impracticable unless some inducement is offered by the State.

The theory is sound and may be reduced to practice. That our people are ready to fight is abundantly proven. That they quickly adapt themselves to a soldier's duties and a soldier's life is also well established. That they will not turn out on general militia muster day, without some more inducements from the State, I think is also true. Let the State uniform and arm and pay them for the time spent each year in company or battalion drill, and I think there will be no difficulty in having a reliable militia force, to meet any and every emergency. Until this is done, I think we shall be obliged to continue, as heretofore, and rely upon undisciplined volunteers to take the field, and learn their duties as soldiers there.


Under the provision of the law of May 2, 1861, entitled "An act to establish a magazine, to purchase efficient arms for the State militia, and for other purposes," commissioners were appointed, who visited eastern cities, in the summer of 1861, to negotiate a purchase of arms contemplated by that law. The extreme high price at which arms were then held in the market, as well as an urgent request from the General Government to States to withdraw from the market and prevent competition, induced the commissioners to make no further effort to purchase.

During the present summer, I am informed, another effort was made to purchase arms for twenty regiments of infantry, but without success. They, however, purchased, in 1861, 999 Enfield rifles, 500 Colt's revolvers, 250 Whitney revolvers, 940 cavalry sabres, and 42 sets of artillery harness. This property, or the greater part, was immediately issued to Illinois volunteers, and the cost charged to the General Government.


I regret to be unable, at this time, to communicate the reports of these commissioners, as well as the reports of the Quartermaster General and Commissary General. The operations of the Quartermaster General's Department have been large. The reports of these officers are in course of preparation, and, I am assured, will be ready in a few days. The most of the business transacted by them was before I became connected with the military affairs of the State, and I am, therefore, unable to state the substance; but, as soon as their reports are received, they will be duly transmitted.


The 10th section of the law of April 25, 1861, provides for the organization of the first six regiments, declares that, at all elections for company and regimental officers, every enrolled man of the company or regiment should be entitled to vote, and none others; and that at the election for Brigadier general for said brigade, all commissioned officers should be entitled to vote and none others; and that all elections should be by written or printed ballots.


The 11th section declared that the provision of that act should only apply to the six regiments therein provided for.

These six regiments were organized and officers elected and commissioned, as therein provided. It was organized by the State and accepted by the General Government as an Illinois brigade. Col. Benjamin M. Prentiss was elected Brigadier General, commissioned by you, and mustered into the United States service, May 18, 1861, with rank from May 8, 1861.

The next ten regiments, which were accepted in pursuance of the act of the Legislature of May 2, were organized as therein directed. The 15th section of the act provided that as soon as ten companies should be formed in a regiment, the Adjutant General should order an election for regimental officers for the said regiments. These regiments were mustered into the service of the State for thirty days, as contemplated by that law; but before the expiration of that time they were called upon to enter the service of the United States, and were mustered into its service in the latter part of May and early in June.

The 2d section provided that the companies should be "officered in manner as should be provided by the general militia law of the State."

The law of May 3, authorizing the acceptance of a regiment of cavalry, did not declare how the officers were to be selected. The line officers were elected and the field and staff officers were appointed.

With the exception of the first sixteen regiments of infantry, one of cavalry, and one battalion of artillery, authorized to be raised and organized by the several laws of this State, the volunteer forces of this State have been raised, either under authority directly from the War Department to individuals, or by you, under authority given you by the Secretary of War.

The 2d section of the law of Congress, approved July 22, 1861, declares that volunteers shall be subject to the rules and regulations governing the army of the United States, and that they should be "formed, by the President, into regiments," etc. The 4th section provides that the Governors of the States furnishing volunteers shall "commission the field, staff and company officers for the said volunteers;" but in cases where the State authorities refuse or omit to furnish volunteers at the call or on the proclamation of the President, and volunteers from such States offer their services under such call or proclamation, the President may accept their services and commission the proper field, staff and company officers.

The 10th section of the act, however, provided that when vacancies should occur in any of the companies of volunteers, such vacancies should be filled by election, and that the person so elected should be commissioned by the Governors or President. This last provision concerning filling vacancies was repealed by the 3d section of the act of Congress, approved August 6, 1861, and the Governors required to fill such vacancies in the same manner as original appointments. General Order of the War Department, of May 2, 1861, heretofore referred to, is as follows:

"The commissioned officers of the company will be appointed by the Governor of the State furnishing it, and the non commissioned officers, until the company shall be embodied in a regiment, will be appointed by the Captain — afterwards by the Colonel, on recommendation of the Captain."

Under these laws of Congress and regulations of the War Department, the power to appoint and commission field, staff and line officers of volunteer regiments, is vested in the Governors of States furnishing the regiments. The exercise of that power is full of embarrassments and difficulties. The power to appoint involves responsibility to the Government as well as the service, for the manner in which it is exercised. With the large army which Illinois has now in the field, including more than 5,000 commissioned officers, and being ten times greater than the regular army of the United States was a few years since, the labor and delicacy and anxiety of faithfully and impartially discharging such responsibilities can not be over-estimated.


Original appointments of line officers have been made upon the recommendation of the company, or on account of service performed by those appointed in recruiting and bringing into camp the enlisted men; and in case of field officers upon the recommendation, or supposed recommendation, of the commissioned officers of the regiment. This has been the rule. There may have been occasional exceptions to it, but I know of but one, and that was the appointment of Major General Grant as Colonel of the 21st regiment. That a policy most liberal to the enlisted men of the commands has been adopted, as to original appointments, is undeniable. As to the appointment of field officers, the original policy was to procure the services of at least one army officer to each regiment; but frequent refusals of the War Department to grant a leave of absence to such officers, to accept commissions for field officers, made, to some extent, the practice finally adopted one of necessity.

In the organization of our new regiments every possible effort was made to obtain the consent of the War Department to allow officers who had served with distinction in our old regiments to accept commissions, by way of promotion, in our new regiments. These applications were at one time disposed of by the following order of the War Department, under date of August 14:

"The exigencies of the service require that officers now in the field should remain with their commands; and no officer now in the field in the regular or volunteer service will, under any circumstances, be detailed to accept a new command."

Some days after this the application was renewed, and the following reply received:

"WASHINGTON, 12:30 P. M., 23d, 1862.

"It is the anxious desire of the Department to give the new regiments the advantage of experienced officers of their own choice. I hope you understand that any delay or refusal arises from absolute military necessity. The regiments in the field and in the face of the enemy can not safely or justly be deprived of their officers, while in that condition. When relieved from it the Department will be disposed to sanction the appointments desired.


At length, after most of the regiments then forming were organized, the rule was relaxed, and on the recommendation of officers and men, in a few of our regiments, they were able to secure the services of such officers.

In relation to appointments to fill vacancies, it is evident that those should be promoted who render the best service in the field, and show the greatest capacity to command. But since it is impossible to know always who does so, some rule should exist which, on the one hand, holds out promotion as a reward for meritorious service, and on the other protects the officer or private in a vigorous discharge of duty, independent of the prejudices and caprices of the hour. It was believed that promotions by seniority would best accomplish this object, and after much consultation and correspondence with both officers and privates, the following order was promulgated the 16th of last July:

SPRINGFIELD, July 16, 1862.


"The attention of commanding officers of Illinois forces in the field is respectfully but earnestly called to the necessity of prompt action, on their part, in cases of vacancies in commissioned offices in their respective commands.

"To reward service in the field by prompt promotion, is one of the greatest incentives to individual action, as it is a special mark of personal merit, and to encourage the promotion of non-commissioned officers and privates to the vacancies in the corps and regiments from this State, promotions will be made to field officers regimentally, and to line officers by companies. In applying this principle, each company will be considered, with reference to promotion, a distinct body, and all vacancies will be filled, as far as practicable, from within the organization.

"In adopting this rule, the Governor is aware that it does not conform to the rules of the regular army. But the difference between the enlistments for the regular and volunteer service is believed to demand the application of a different rule in promotions.

"Although the act of Congress of July 22, 1861, confers upon the Governor the power to fill vacancies, which power may be exercised arbitrarily, yet he desires, in all cases, to consult the officers and the interests of the command, before ordering promotions, and, therefore, invites their recommendations.


"To the rule of promotion by seniority, there are some few cases which should be excepted. Instances have, and will occasionally arise, where, for great personal bravery in the field, or other distinguished meritorious services, a junior non-commissioned officer or private should be promoted, to the exclusion of a senior commissioned officer; and that, too, without an impeachment of the general merits of the latter. So, when an officer proves himself incompetent, a junior officer or private may justly be promoted over him. Such instances, however, are to be considered only as exceptions to the rule, and their existence should be fully shown before they will be recognized.

"In a communication, lately addressed to Governor Yates, by the Major-General commanding this department, it is stated that commanding officers of divisions, regiments, and corps, will be directed to make recommendations for filling vacancies within their respective commands, stating the particular service and merit of the individuals recommended.

"Since that time many recommendations for promotions, other than those by seniority, have been made, but have been unaccompanied by any statement of ‘particular service’ or ‘merit’ to justify their adoption. A decision upon such cases has, therefore, been reserved until further advices.

"Frequent delays in issuing commissions are occasioned by a want of official information of the death of officers. To prevent this in future, it is requested that commanding officers of regiments report to this department such deaths as soon as practicable.

"If frequent or occasional reports were made to this department of the sick and wounded sent to hospitals, it would greatly aid it in its correspondence with relatives and friends, who are constantly seeking information, as well as enable the State to render assistance to those of its citizens who are in the field.

"By order of his Excellency, Governor Yates.
Adjutant General."

So far as is known, this order has given almost if not entire satisfaction, both to rank and file. That injustice will occasionally be done, under this or any other rule, is not denied, for the commanding officer may recommend an undeserving officer for promotion. It is his duty, however, unless some valid reason exists, and that reason stated upon his honor, as an officer, to recommend promotions in the regular line. And it is also his duty to recommend to the exclusion of the regular line, in cases of special merit of others. If he will always do his duty intelligently and impartially, — if the Captain will appoint the non-commissioned officers of his company with reference to their relative merits, and by that means place the most meritorious privates in line of promotion, although, strictly, there is no rank among the non-commissioned officers, — a favorable result will follow. Otherwise not. But no human foresight can provide against the partialities and prejudices of men.


The "plan of organization" for volunteer forces, as designated in General Orders No. 15, of the War Department, was so far modified, on the 25th of May, 1861, as to allow one Surgeon and one Assistant Surgeon to be appointed by the Governors of the respective States, "after having passed an examination by a competent medical board, appointed by the Governors of the States."

In the organization of the "first brigade," the Legislature, in April, 1861, constituted a medical board, consisting of Drs. N. S. Davis, Chicago; Charles Ryan, of Sangamon county; George W. Stipp, of McLean county; William Chambers, of Coles county; and Dr. Carpenter, of St. Clair county. Surgeons and Assistant Surgeons were required to pass an examination by this board, and procure their certificates of qualification from said board, before receiving an appointment as Surgeon or Assistant Surgeon in the regiments composing that brigade. But in case any portion of the troops should be ordered into active service before the session of the board, you were authorized temporarily to assign Surgeons or Assistant Surgeons, until permanent appointments could be made.

The board thus constituted continued to act until the 14th of June, when a new board, consisting of H. A. Johnson, Chicago; Henry Wing, Collinsville; Henry W. Davis, Paris; O. M. Bryan, Sycamore, and Robert Roscotton, Peoria, were appointed, under General Orders No. 25. Dr. Davis was subsequently appointed Surgeon of the 18th regiment, and Dr. D. K. Green, of


Salem, was appointed in his place; Dr. Bryan was subsequently promoted to Brigade Surgeon, and Dr. A. L. McArthur, of Ottawa, was appointed in his place; and in October last, Dr. Daniel Brainard, of Chicago, was appointed to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Dr. Roscotton.

During that year the board consisted of three members, — Drs. Johnson, Wing and Green. The increase of business the past few months required a full board, and the number was increased by the appointment of Drs. McArthur and Brainard.

A report from the board, made on the 13th of last month, shows that since the 18th of June, 1861, seven hundred and ninety-three (793) candidates have registered their names for examination; 495 have been examined. Of these, 159 have been recommended as Surgeons, 266 have been recommended as Assistant Surgeons, and 70 rejected. It further appears from the report, that a considerable number, after being partially examined, withdrew from the examination, with the consent of the board, with the privilege of a subsequent examination. As the report of these examinations is brief, and explains the extent of their labors, and the principles which have governed them in their examinations, I submit a copy, marked schedule "E."

The duty of providing our regiments with good Surgeons and Assistant Surgeons is one of great importance. There is no branch of the service more so, and none that is at first less appreciated. Experience has shown that the health of our troops in the field does not depend so much upon a change of climate or exposure as upon the character of the Surgeon, whose duty it is to prevent sickness as well as cure disease.

The losses in battle are but a small per cent of the mortality in the army. The sanitary condition of a regiment is what its Surgeons and commanding officers make it, and any man who takes upon himself the duties of a Surgeon, supposing his duties begin and end with treating surgical cases, is unfit for the place. To watch with paternal care over the soldier in health; to maintain rigid sanitary regulations in camp, and in sickness to minister to his wants with a sister's tenderness and a mother's love, is what our volunteers in the field and their relatives and friends at home have a right to demand. And I am rejoiced in believing that, as a rule, such treatment they receive at the hands of our Surgeons. To this there are, of course, exceptions; but the commanding officers of departments in which our forces are serving, have asserted that Illinois Surgeons have generally discharged their whole duties.

The want of additional Surgeons was a long time felt. After the battles of Fort Donelson and Shiloh a large number were temporarily appointed, and the War Department was applied to, to allow more Surgeons to accompany our regiments. The Secretary of War promptly conceded the necessity, but informed you there was no law allowing any more to be commissioned. On the 2d of July, however, Congress passed a law allowing an additional Assistant Surgeon to each regiment of infantry, and I believe a late law of Congress allows an additional Assistant Surgeon to cavalry regiments.

The new regiments were provided with these additional Assistant Surgeons. Many of the old regiments had Assistant Surgeons, who had served long and deserved promotion; and also acting Assistant Surgeons who could not obtain leave of absence to return to the State for examination. To afford such an opportunity of an examination in the field, last year the medical board went to the field and held sessions there. Dr. Johnson is now on duty at Memphis and Helena; Dr. Green at Holly Springs, and Dr. McArthur at Nashville, and are expected to return the present month.

Notwithstanding the great increase of business, I have endeavored to keep the expenses of the office to the very lowest possible figure, and in this I have had the hearty co-operation of my assistants and clerks. The average number of hours which they have actually labored is not less than sixteen out of twenty-four. Under your direction they have been employed, and the average compensation has been a little less than three dollars per day. But it will be seen by schedule "F," that 161 days have not been charged by both assistants, and their places to that extent have been supplied by these clerks.


It will also be seen that the number of days' service performed by clerks from April 16, 1861, to January 1, 1863, is 1,779, at a compensation of $5,261. The total of salaries and clerk hire during this period is $14,548. The total amount allowed to the Adjutant General and his two assistants, by law, for the same period, is $11,250, leaving $2,743 (beside $1 a day for messenger boy) for clerk hire, or at the rate of $2.20 per day for two clerks. This is explained by the additional fact that my salary from November 11, 1861, to January 1, 1863, being 416 days, would amount to $2,912, whereas but $1,288, or pay from the first of July last, is charged. The reason for this deduction is that until July last I held the office of Circuit Judge of the 13th Judicial Circuit, and I have not felt at liberty to draw salaries for two offices.

I trust I have kept the expenses of the department, considering the amount of labor performed, within proper limits. The extent of that labor few can know as well as those who have performed it.

As the recruiting service is nearly closed, the expenses can be very much reduced, and I think, by an economical administration of affairs, they may be reduced at least one-half the present year.


Such is a brief history of the response which Illinois has made to aid the General Government in maintaining itself. Its military operations in sending her troops to the field have at times been embarrassed by refusals on the part of the War Department to accept her sons in the service. Impatient at the delay, and averse to a long war, they have at times manifested their discontent by murmurs of complaint. Not always appreciating the difficulty of quickly arming and supplying large armies, their confidence in the vigor of the Federal authorities has occasionally been shaken. Yet ever loyal, ever ready and ever obedient, they have quickly filled and more than filled every requisition of the General Government upon them.

The old regiments, which have served so long and so faithfully and bravely, have been reduced by sickness and casualties, but have won for themselves and the State immortal honors. No dishonor or disgrace has yet fallen upon either of them.

It will be seen by reference to schedule "A," that one hundred and thirty-five thousand four hundred and forty have entered the service in our own organizations. Except those who have been honorably discharged or wasted away by disease or fallen in battle, they are there still; and there they will remain until an honorable peace or final success shall crown their arms and relieve them from the further duties of a soldier's life.

Southern and Central and Northern Illinois have vied with each other in the patriotic work of furnishing these troops, and the hearts and hopes of all loyal men and women are centered in their movements and final success.

Conscious of my own inexperience, but I trust not wholly unmindful of the responsibility of aiding you and your associates in preparing and sending so large an army to the field,

I have the honor to remain, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Adjutant General.


Adjutant General's Report — 1864.

SPRINGFIELD, February 1, 1864.

His Excellency, GOVERNOR YATES:
I have the honor to submit herewith copies of communications from the War Department, showing the quotas of this State for three years' volunteers, under all calls of the Federal Government, to be as follows:

Total quotas under call of 1861   47,785
Quota under call of July, 1862 26,148  
Quota under call of August, 1862, of 26,148 nine-months' men, equivalent to 6,537  
Quota under draft call of 1863 36, 700  
Quota under call for 300,000, October 17, 1863 27,930  
Grand Total   145,100

The calls of 1861 and 1862 were based upon population. The calls of 1863 were based upon first class enrollment.

When the last call was made, in October last, the State had been credited one hundred and twenty-five thousand three hundred and twenty-one (125,321), being a surplus of eight thousand one hundred and fifty-one (8,151) over previous calls, and leaving the balance of our quota, under that call, of nineteen thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine (19,779), but subject to a further reduction to the extent of all volunteers furnished, but not heretofore credited.

To ascertain what this further reduction should be, by showing the number who had entered the service and had not been included in the above general credit of one hundred and twenty-five thousand three hundred and twenty-one (125,321), became a duty of grave importance to the people of the State, and, on account of defective and irregular returns from mustering officers, one of considerable difficulty.

In my report of January 1, 1863, the number of three-years volunteers furnished by the State prior to that time, and of which returns were then on file, was stated at one hundred and thirty thousand five hundred and thirty-nine (130,539). In addition to this it was believed that several thousand had joined our old regiments in the field, from which no satisfactory returns had been received, and it was known that between the first of January and the first of October several hundred had been mustered in the State.

A thorough revision of the rolls, which had been commenced in June last, has been completed; additional returns from regiments in the field have been sent for and received; re-examination of the rolls and returns of volunteers furnished by the State, has been made by the War Department, and the result is an additional credit for volunteers, furnished by this State prior to the last call, of ten thousand nine hundred and forty-seven (10,947) secured, making a total credit in our own regiments of one hundred and thirty-six thousand two hundred and sixty-eight (136,268).


In July last I made an arrangement with General John B. Gray, Adjutant General of Missouri, to ascertain the number of citizens of Illinois who had enlisted in Missouri regiments, and the number of citizens of Missouri who had enlisted in Illinois regiments, with the agreement that when the same should be ascertained, that, with the approval of the War Department, each State should be credited with its own volunteers.

On the 10th day of August last, a partial settlement was made, which showed a balance in favor of this State of three thousand one hundred and twenty-nine (3,129). This was placed to the credit of this State by the War Department on the 27th of last November. During the month of December the rolls of the Illinoisans in Missouri regiments, through the courtesy of the Adjutant General of Missouri, were copied by employes of this department. The result of that examination shows that six thousand and thirty-two (6,032) citizens of this State have enlisted in Missouri regiments, and sixteen hundred and fifty-nine (1,659) citizens of Missouri have enlisted in Illinois regiments; giving the State of Illinois an additional credit from this source of twelve hundred and forty-four (1,244), making a total on this account of four thousand three hundred and seventy-three (4,373), and which has been credited to this State.

From the foregoing it will be seen that our quota, under all calls, is one hundred and forty-five thousand one hundred (145,100).

Amount of credits for enlistments in our own regiments, 136,268; balance in Missouri regiments prior to last call, 4,373 — 140,641; leaving a balance under the last call of 4,459, instead of nineteen thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine (19,779).

There yet remains an unadjusted claim of the State of three thousand two hundred and sixty-four (3,264) for volunteers furnished prior to the first of last October. The officers of the War Department have cordially co-operated with me in arriving at a satisfactory adjustment of differences, and I am under special obligations to Major Thomas M. Vincent, Assistant Adjutant General at Washington, for his prompt assistance in endeavoring to do full justice to the State. I have, therefore, no doubt but the above three thousand two hundred and sixty-four (3,264) will soon be placed to our credit. Without, however, including this last number, and exclusive of re-enlistments of our old regiments, most of whom have re-enlisted as veterans, I am happy to inform you that from muster rolls returned to this office since the last call, it is certain, beyond all doubt, that on the first day of last month our quota was more than filled by enlistments made prior to that date.

As you were absent at the time the last call was made, and for some time thereafter, I felt very greatly embarrassed concerning the policy which should be adopted under that call. My records showed over fourteen thousand more than the War Department had placed to our credit. An adjustment with Missouri had not been completed, and no reliable estimate could be made with counties until the general balance against the State could be substantially determined. According to my books, forty-seven counties had furnished their quotas, and fifty-five were behind. A part of the latter, however, would be relieved from the deficit against them if they could have the credit for such of their citizens as had enlisted in the regiments of other States; but whether such credits could be secured was uncertain. To protect such, however, as far as possible against draft, an equivalent of volunteers from other States in our regiments was reserved until a settlement could be made with such States.

Under this state of things, to have published my estimates doubtless would have misled some and might have deceived all. If confidence had been placed in them, officers recruiting in counties which had raised their quotas might have been compelled to close their offices, and in some few counties largely behind it was feared that a knowledge of the extent of their deficit, unaccompanied by any assurance that a less number might, by saving the State from a draft, protect them, would discourage authorities from making vigorous local efforts to aid enlistments.


General Order No. 43 was issued October 24, announcing the quota of this State under the call; and yet only about five hundred were mustered during the months of October and November, and recruiting had but slightly improved prior to December 20. To raise 19,799 by common consent was deemed impossible, and men of all parties seemed, by their inaction, to invite a draft. In fact, many very worthy citizens insisted that "a draft was a good thing to have in this State."

About the 20th of December, therefore, the public were informed that a part of the deficiency had been satisfactorily adjusted with the War Department, and a part of the credits claimed from Missouri had been placed to our credit. Counties appearing most behind hand were notified of their deficit, and assured that, by vigorous efforts in raising a reasonable portion of that number, the State would probably escape a draft. Counties which applied for information on the subject were informed of the probabilities of their situation, but urged to continue their enlistments, and aid counties behind in saving the State from a draft. While no information in my possession was refused, none was tendered to counties which had furnished their quotas, because it seemed probable that the balance of the quota would not be raised unless counties which had furnished their quota aided those who had not.

I have the honor to submit herewith a tabular statement showing —

First — The population of each county in the State, according to census of 1860.

Second — The number of persons in each county liable to military duty, according to first-class enrollment taken by the Federal authorities in 1863.

Third — The total quotas of each county in the years 1861, 1862 and 1863, inclusive of the call of October 17, 1863.

Fourth — The number of three years volunteers furnished by each county prior to October 1, 1863, inclusive of those enlisted in Missouri regiments, and exclusive of those enlisted in regiments of other States than our own and Missouri.

Fifth — The number of volunteers in Illinois regiments furnished prior to October 1, 1863, by other States (exclusive of Missouri). This number is believed to be about the same as those furnished by this State to regiments of the same States. A settlement with such States will be made at the earliest practicable period.

In submitting said tabular statement, it is proper to add, that in reply to a telegram of yours of the 16th ultimo, inquiring whether the War Department proposed to ascertain and determine the number of volunteers furnished by each county prior to last call, or whether it would adopt the adjustment with each county made by you, the Provost Marshal General, under date of the 18th ultimo, states, the "War Department does not propose to attempt the ascertainment of the number of volunteers furnished by each county in Illinois prior to the last call," as "no account prior to the last call was kept by the War Department with counties, the record being kept only with the State at large." Expressing the opinion that on account of the hurried manner in which volunteers rushed to arms in the early stages of the Rebellion, no State can "ascertain the number furnished by each county and locality prior to the last call," the Provost Marshal General adds, that "there is no doubt that it would be more just and satisfactory if it could be done;" and if the State can show what proportion of all men furnished by it prior to the last call properly belongs to each county, he presumes the "War Department would adopt your report on this subject."

Prior to the last call, the law did not require the War Department to keep a record of the residence of volunteers at the time of their enlistment. Neither, by any law or regulation except my own, was I obliged to keep such a record. Anticipating, however, that this information might be interesting to the people of the State, if not indispensably necessary to protect a portion of them from contributing more than their just proportion of volunteers in prosecuting the war, I have attempted to keep such a record. For more than thirty months I have endeavored to perfect it. Regiments which had taken


the field prior to my appointment, and many of which, on account of the hurried manner in which they were ordered away, not even a muster-in roll was on file, I have supplied with descriptive rolls, containing a column of their residence; and our new regiments have been required, where practicable, to furnish such rolls before receiving their commissions. Blanks for men joining our regiments in the field, subsequent to organization, have also been furnished. These blanks have been filled up by inserting, among other things, the name, rank, description of person, occupation, nativity and residence of each man, and returned to this office. I have labored in vain, unless by this means I have succeeded in securing a record of our volunteers which is substantially correct. And I take pleasure in here stating that I am much indebted to our commanding officers for their cheerful co-operation in completing the record of troops whom they have had the honor to command.

Since the accompanying statement was prepared, notice has been received that a draft will be made, on the 10th proximo, for 500,000 men, "crediting and deducting therefrom" so many as have been enlisted or drafted into the service prior to the 1st proximo. This is equivalent to a call of 200,000 more. As soon as the quota of this State is announced, and the basis upon which the call is made known, I will submit to you a statement of quotas of each county under such call, and, as far as possible, the number of enlistments since the 1st of October last.

I have the honor to remain, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Adjutant General.



To Commanding OfficerRegiment Illinois Volunteers:

I take the liberty of inclosing to you a copy of General Order No. 43 of this Department dated July 16, 1862, and of calling your particular attention to such portions of it as requires the reason to be stated in cases where recommendations are not made for promotions in regular line.

This order has been in force nearly ten months, and, after having been very fully considered by officers of Illinois Volunteers and many general officers, has met their approbation. Indeed I believe in no instance has its repeal or modification been recommended. And yet it is frequently misunderstood or its provisions disregarded in making recommendations for promotions.

The rule is, promotions in line. Occasional exceptions are, however, recognized. In every case claimed as an exception, the cause should be assigned. For instance a private or officer of a company is recommended for promotion in another company. In such case, the reason for this should be fully stated, and it should be certified that there is no private or officer in the company in which the vacancy exists competent and worthy to fill it. And so if it proposed to "jump" a senior officer by a private or non-commissioned officer in the same company, the cause should be stated so that the necessity for doing so shall not only appear of record, but that the responsibility of doing a seeming injustice to a senior officer in the line of promotion shall be assumed by the commanding officer recommending it.

Of course there is strictly no rank among non-commissioned officers; and yet the presumption is that they are appointed to those offices according to their relative merit and qualifications, and the same principle applies in recommending them for promotion. And as frequent changes are made among these officers of which this Department is not advised, the position occupied by them when recommended for promotion should always be stated.

Complaints are occasionally made that commissions are not promptly issued after recommendation are made. And since the recent harsh order of the War Department requiring an actual receipt and acceptance of commissions before the officer is entitled to pay, impatience at the least delay is manifested.

That there are frequent delays here is admitted. But they almost invariably arise here from one of two causes, to-wit: a want of attention to Order 43 in omitting to state reasons as above suggested, or the delays in promptly receiving notices of the acceptance of the resignation or decease of officers.


When recommendations are informal they are referred back for revision, and a decision reserved until they are returned completed. Until recently, in one of the departments in which Illinois regiments are serving, the notices of the acceptance of resignations were first forwarded to the Adjutant General of the army and information only received here through that department. On account of the immense amount of business in the Executive and this department during the past two years, that delays have occasionally occurred here when neither of the foregoing causes existed is not denied, but it is denied that such delays have been numerous or of long duration.

Attention to the inclosed order and these suggestions will secure prompt co-operation with commanding officers of Illinois regiments in filling the vacancies which occur, as it is the ardent wish of His Excellency, Governor Yates, and myself that no just cause of complaint shall in this respect at any time exist.

I take the liberty also to call your attention to the subject of the medical department of your regiment. Under the provisions of General Order No. 25 of the War Department, of May 25, 1861. Surgeons and Assistant Surgeons are commissioned by the Governor. They must pass an examination by the board of medical examiners appointed by the Governor. Application for permit for such examination should be made either to the Governor or to this department.

Each regiment is entitled to one Surgeon and two Assistant Surgeons, and it is of the utmost importance that each regiment be constantly supplied with the full complement of these commissioned officers. They are appointed and commissioned by the Governor, but it is desired they should only be appointed on recommendation of the commanding officers of the regiments. Examinations by said board are also required for promotions, and to give facility to Acting Surgeons, Assistant Surgeons and Hospital Stewards for promotions, the State examiners have been two or three times sent to the field. Notwithstanding this, however, about seventy vacancies in the medical departments of our regiments exist. The Surgeon General of the army, and his assistants are now insisting that the vacancies should be promptly filled and every effort will be made to do so. If there is a vacancy in your regiment, and a recommendation has been or shall be made, the vacancy will be filled as soon as possible.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Adjutant General,

SPRINGFIELD, June 30, 1863.

Assistant Adjutant General, Washington.

MAJOR: I had the honor, a few days since, to send you a copy of my annual report to the care of Brigadier-General L. Thomas, and hope the same has been received.

For several days since I have been engaged in revising my list, with the view of correcting any errors that could be discovered, and be able to report also the recruits which have been enlisted since the first of January last.

As explanatory of the difficulties of furnishing absolutely reliable information of the strength of each Illinois regiment and corps, I invite your attention to pages 4 to 7 of my report. Schedule "A," pages 54 to 58, inclusive, contains a carefully prepared statement of our forces up to January 1, 1863. Enlistments since that time have been added, and the general accuracy of the list of January 1, 1863, ascertained.

I now have the honor to enclose you a tabular statement including additional enlistments to this day so far as can be ascertained. The total number enlisted under direction of Colonel Morrison, Superintendent of Recruits, and sent to regiments during the past year ending today, is just 3,300, and I have carried them to the credit of the respective regiments to which they were assigned, according to a report this day received from Colonel Morrison.

The 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th regiments were originally three months' men, but were subsequently re-organized as three years' men, something less, however, than 2,000 reenlisting. (See Report, page 59.)

The strength of these seven regiments was originally 4,680
Re-enlisted 2,000
Three months' men 2,680

It will be seen that the State of Illinois has furnished the following volunteers:

Three years' men prior to July 2, 1862 72,244
Three years' men since July 2, 1862 59,351
Total three years' men 131,595
Three months' men enlisted in 6th to 12th, inclusive, and 67th to 71st, inclusive, prior to July 2, 1862 7,581
Grand total 139,176


I have, at very great inconvenience and expense, procured the muster-in and descriptive rolls of nearly all regiments or corps as they were when ordered to the field. No rolls have, however, been filed of the 3,300 who have been recruited and sent to regiments under the direction of the State Superintendent. The rolls of these men are indispensably necessary, and I respectfully suggest they should be furnished this office, as well as recruits hereafter enlisted.

Hoping the enclosed statement and the foregoing may be satisfactory, I have the honor to remain,

Very respectfully, your obedient servant.
Adjutant General, Illinois.

SPRINGFIELD, August 10, 1863.

Assistant Adjutant General, Washington, D. C.

MAJOR: On the 30th of June last I had the honor to enclose you a revised list of volunteers from this State to that date.

I suppose that the list was received and satisfactory as I have learned nothing to the contrary.

Before any definite action is taken in relation to a draft in this State, I desire to have an additional credit made to this State, and I beg leave respectfully to inform you that I am now engaged with the Adjutant General of Missouri, in ascertaining the number of Illinois volunteers who enlisted in Missouri regiments, and also the number of Missouri volunteers who enlisted in Illinois regiments. This adjustment now being made will, I think, show from three to five thousand in favor of this State, and I trust the matter will be completed within a few days.

I would respectfully enquire whether such an adjustment, if agreed to by the States of Missouri and Illinois, will be approved by the Secretary of War or Provost Marshal General.

Allow me to call your attention to the latter part of my letter of June 30, in relation to descriptive rolls of volunteers enlisted under direction of Superintendent of Recruiting Service, and enquire whether the information desired can be furnished this office.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Adjutant General, Illinois.

WASHINGTON, D. C., August 19, 1863.

Brigadier General ALLEN C. FULLER,
Adjutant General of Illinois, Springfield.

GENERAL: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 16th inst., in reference to the list of volunteers from your State, forwarded by you June 30, and a proposed adjustment as to certain volunteers from your State and Missouri.

In a few days I will forward to you a statement from the records of this office showing the number of men furnished by the State, and for which the Department has given credit.

No difficulty is apparent in reference to the adjustment of volunteers now under consideration by yourself and the Adjutant General of Missouri. A final answer will be given so soon as the statement showing numbers, etc., is received at this office.

In reference to the muster in and descriptive rolls of recruits, referred to in your letter of June 30, I would respectfully state that, at an early day, we will endeavor to furnish you with copies of all records filed here. I regret that the request has been so long overlooked. I have the honor to remain, General.

Your most obedient servant,
Assistant Adjutant General.


SPRINGFIELD, September 5, 1863.

Assistant Adjutant General, Washington, D. C.

MAJOR: I am directed by His Excellency, Governor Yates, to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 31st ultimo, covering Exhibit of troops furnished by this State up to June 11, 1863.

There appears a discrepancy of a few thousand between my Exhibit and the one furnished by you, but I am happy to know that the difference can not at present affect the question of draft in this State.

I also notice that only 1,398 recruits, for the years 1861-'62, are credited the State. I beg leave, respectfully, to enquire whether that is intended to include recruits for old regiments mustered by Colonel Morrison, Superintendent of the Recruiting Service for this State. I presume it does not, from the fact that he reports to me, December 22, 1862, 12,753 as having at that time been mustered by him and forwarded from his depot here to the field. His report to me, June 30, 1863, is 3,300.

Colonel Morrison informs me this morning that he has not forwarded to you his muster-in rolls, but that the number of his recruits may be found in his account rendered to you of premiums paid, showing over three thousand.

I shall be able, I think, in a few days, to explain other discrepancies to your satisfaction.

I feel confident that the adjustment with Missouri, heretofore referred to, will give the State of Illinois an additional credit of at least five thousand.

I would not now trouble you with unnecessary inquiries, but I would feel greatly obliged for a reply as to the recruits above mentioned.

I remain, Major, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Adjutant General, Illinois.

WASHINGTON, D. C., September 12, 1863.

Brigadier General A. C. FULLER,
Adjutant General of Illinois, Springfield.

GENERAL: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 5th inst., in reference to the number — 1,398 — representing recruits for regiments in the field.

In reply, I would respectfully state that the number is taken from the muster-in rolls here filed, and is the total thus accounted for.

To have the 6,053 recruits, referred to in your letter, passed to the credit of the State, it is only necessary for Colonel Morrison to certify that they were mustered into the United States service. Copies of the muster-in rolls can yet be forwarded by him.

Any other omissions you may point out will be promptly considered, with a view of a satisfactory adjustment of any differences which may exist.

I have the honor to remain, General,
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Assistant Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, D. C., Sept. 14, 1863.

His Excellency, RICHARD YATES,
Governor of the State of Illinois, Springfield.

SIR: I have the honor to inform you that the State of Illinois stands credited upon the books of the Adjutant General of the Army, with an excess of 44,851 over all calls for troops in 1861, 1862 and 1863, up to the 11th day of June.

The quota of the State for the present draft is 36,700. The excess of troops heretofore furnished by it, over this quota, is 8,151. There will, therefore, be no draft in Illinois under in the present call for troops, and the number of 8,151 will stand to its credit in the future demands of the General Government.

I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed) JAMES B. FRY;
Provost Marshal General.


WASHINGTON, D. C., Sept. 24, 1863.

Brigadier General ALLEN C. FULLER,
Adjutant General of Illinois, Springfield.

GENERAL: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 14th inst. in reference to copies of certain muster-in rolls, and the names of the 1,398 recruits for 1861 and 1862.

In reply I am directed to inform you that copies of the rolls will be furnished you at an early day. They are now being prepared.

In reference to furnishing the names of the recruits, I regret to say that the great pressure upon the rolls will prevent this last request from being complied with. Claims for pensions and pay are so numerous and pressing that they must have the precedence.

I will instruct the mustering officers in your State to furnish you all the information they may have.

I am, General, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Asst. Adjutant General.

SPRINGFIELD, October 22, 1863.

Assistant Adjutant General, Washington.

MAJOR: Referring to your favor of the 12th ultimo, I have the honor to inform you that I have received from Colonel P. Morrison, late Superintendent of Recruiting Service in this State, muster-in rolls of three hundred and twenty (320) recruits mustered by him for old regiments, between the 9th day of March and the 19th day of April, 1862.

I have also the honor to enclose a list of musters made by Colonel Morrison between the 19th of April, 1862, and the 11th of June, 1863, showing an additional number of 3,596 for which no rolls had been returned to the Adjutant General of the Army, making total musters by Colonel Morrison prior to June 11, 1863, for which no credit has been given the State, of 3,916.

I have also the honor to enclose a certificate of the Adjutant General of Missouri, showing that credit should be given this State of 3,129 on account of volunteers from this State mustered into Missouri regiments. This number will be increased, probably, from 1,500 to 2,000 when the actual residence of Illinoisans in Missouri regiments is ascertained. You will not fail to notice from the certificate that Illinois has credited Missouri with all Missourians enlisting in Illinois regiments, without reference to the place of enrollment, while no credit is given Illinois except for those actually enrolled in Missouri.

My descriptive rolls show the actual residence of volunteers, and the Adjutant General of Missouri has adopted that form of roll, and is now receiving from the field the information which will give Illinois additional credit.

I would respectfully request, therefore, that Illinois be credited with the above 7,045.

Awaiting your reply, I have the honor to remain, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,
Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, D. C., October 22, 1863.

His Excellency, RICHARD YATES,
Governor of Illinois, Springfield.

Your quota of three hundred thousand (300,000) volunteers called for by the President, based on enrollment of the first class, is twenty-seven thousand nine hundred and thirty (27,930). This is exclusive of any deficiencies you may have on present drafts or former calls, and these will be considered only in case another draft is necessary in January. Letter by mail.

(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.

WASHINGTON, D. C., Oct. 24, 1863.

Brigadier General ALLEN C. FULLER,
Adjutant General of Illinois, Springfield, Ill.

GENERAL: I have the honor to acknowledge receipt of your communication of the 21st inst., calling my attention to a supposed "apparent discrepancy" in the several calls upon the State of Illinois.


The assignment of volunteers called for from Illinois in 1862 was its proportion of three hundred thousand, based upon population.

The quota fixed for draft was one-fifth of the enrollment of the first class, with fifty per cent. added. It had no relation to three hundred thousand troops. No definite number was called for.

The present call on Illinois is for twenty-seven thousand nine hundred and thirty, which is the proportion of three hundred thousand to the total number of men enrolled in the first class throughout the United States.

I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant
(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.

SPRINGFIELD, Oct. 28, 1863.

Colonel JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General, Washington, D. C.

COLONEL: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 21st inst., addressed to His Excellency Governor Yates, and by him forwarded to me from Washington, with an endorsement: "To adopt such course in relation to the subject of the communication as seemed best."

I take the liberty, therefore, to submit a few facts, and would thank you for your opinion and advice.

By the 1st of December next I think I can determine the actual residence of every three-years' volunteer in our regiments who has enlisted since the commencement of the war. My descriptive rolls which I have procured, and am procuring, from the field, will show this.

Some portions of the State furnished more than their quota under the calls of 1861, while others more than their quota under the calls of 1862, and while again other parts of the State are behind under both, and this not by congressional districts, but by counties and towns.

Now, if it can be accurately ascertained upon a general account, since the commencement of the war, what each town and county has furnished, would it not be more equitable to make an apportionment accordingly?

As a basis of such apportionment would not population according to last census be preferable to the late enrollment?

Pardon me for requesting your views, and which will be received officially or privately as you prefer.

I have the honor, Colonel,
To remain, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Adjutant General.

SPRINGFIELD, November 6, 1863.

Assistant Adjutant General, Washington, D. C.

MAJOR: In accordance with request contained in your circular letter of Sept. 3, 1863, addressed to His Excellency, Governor Yates, I have the honor to enclose a return of three years volunteers furnished by this State to 30th September inclusive, including all borne on muster-in rolls received during the month of October of musters made prior to that time.

In the statement made by you June 11, 1863, this State is only credited with 125,321. In your letter of September 12, you say, "to have the 6,053 (should be 3,300, see my letter of September 5) recruits referred to, passed to the credit of the State, it is only necessary for Colonel Morrison to certify that they were mustered into the United States service; copies of the muster-in rolls can yet be forwarded." On the 22d ultimo I forwarded Colonel Morrison's certificate of musters of 3,596, and informed you I had his muster-in rolls of 320, making a total of Colonel Morrison's musters 3,916 — making a total of 129,237.

You will doubtless be surprised, when I assure you that no new regiments have been raised in this State since June 11, and I think not over one thousand additional musters made since that time, to find from my return that the State has furnished 137,531, being 8,294 more than are above accounted for. And yet I am satisfied that additional reports which I shall soon have from our regiments will increase that number.

That muster-in rolls in your department, or in this office, are not reliable in establishing the number of troops furnished has long been evident to me, and my "researches" during the last six weeks have confirmed that opinion. A single instance now before me will illustrate this. Upon the muster-in rolls of Colonel Morrison, of the foregoing 320, appear


29 names of recruits mustered by him March 30, 1862, and yet these same names appear on the muster-in rolls returned by Lieutenant W. G. Hoffman, 3d U. S. Cavalry, as mustered by him May 18, 1863.

In further explanation of the difficulties I have met in making the enclosed return I specially invite your attention to statistical information therein contained, and the "remarks" explanatory of the labor (three clerks and myself six weeks) required in its preparation. Pardon me for here saying that nearly all of this labor would have been avoided if Mustering officers had promptly returned their muster-in rolls.

I respectfully and urgently request that you order that I be furnished with copies of muster-in rolls noted on said return as "lacking" or "short." Aside from their importance in aiding to ascertain the forces furnished by this State they are daily of the utmost importance in furnishing information to Federal officers and citizens.

In relation to the "1,398 recruits for 1861," and referred to in my letter of September 14, and in yours of September 24, I can only add that as they constitute no part of Colonel Morrison's musters, Colonel Oakes informs me, as I expected he would be obliged to, that he has no record of them. I very much need them, but of course I am unable to get them except through your assistance.

In conclusion I wish to say that I was much mistaken in the statement in my letter of September 1, "a few more copies would complete my records of muster-in rolls." Upon a personal examination I find the deficiency much larger than I anticipated. The deficiency is almost wholly of forces raised prior to my taking possession of this office in November, 1861.

I trust I have now a reliable starting point for October 1, and will note additions and any corrections which appear necessary, and endeavor to have my report promptly made up on the first day of January next without troubling you with such long letters of explanations and grievances.

Sincerely thanking you, Major, for your uniform promptness and courtesy,

I have the honor to remain,
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, D. C., Nov. 12, 1863.

Adjutant General of Illinois, Springfield.

SIR: Your letter of the 28th October has been received, and in reply I have to say that an authentic account of the number of men furnished by each town and county of the State of Illinois will be of very great value, and the want of such information, heretofore, has been a cause of embarrassment in assigning quotas.

It would not be advisable to make the population as shown by the census of 1860 a basis, because it (the census) does not now represent the number of males subject to military duty as accurately as the enrollment. The change in population since 1860 has been principally among the men, and it is most likely greatest in those towns which have sent most to the war. Two towns which might show equal population in 1860, and from which, if that were taken as a basis, equal numbers would be called, might be very unequally assessed now, if one should have suffered a loss of four or five hundred of its men, and the other of a small number or none at all.

The enrollment is a census of those men who have not yet rendered the military service to which they are liable, and although from the changes constantly occurring, it may not represent the number of men in any town at the date of any future draft, still it will be a better approximation than the census taken three years ago.

Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed) JAMES B. Fry,
Provost Marshal General.

WASHINGTON, D. C., Nov. 19, 1863,

Brigadier General A. C. FULLER,
Adjutant General Illinois, Springfield.

Your report sixth (6th) instant received. Have not received your letter twenty-second (22d) October, enclosing Colonel Morrison's certificate for three thousand five hundred and ninety-six (3,596) men, but have passed to the credit of the State that number, and the three hundred and twenty (320) additional.

I am now having our records thoroughly re-examined, and within a week will answer your carefully prepared statement.

Our roll room is much pressed for information, and the fact must be my excuse for delay.

Assistant Adjutant General.



Assistant Adjutant General, Washington.

MAJOR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your telegram of today, informing me that my letter of the 22d ultimo had not been received. I herewith enclose copy of that letter, and also copy of joint certificate between myself and the Adjutant General of Missouri, showing that the State of Illinois is entitled to a credit of 3,129 on account of balance of volunteers from this State in Missouri regiments.

As my return of the 6th instant includes all of Colonel Morrison's Musters, so far as is now known, the 3,916 should not be credited in addition to the 137,581, but the above 3,129 in Missouri regiments should be added, making the total credit to October 1, 1863, 140,690.

Trusting that a careful examination of my return sent you the 6th instant will satisfy you of its general accuracy,

I remain, Major, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, Nov. 26, 1863.

Brigadier General A. C. FULLER,
Adjutant General of Illinois.

Re-examination of our records, just completed, will permit Illinois to be credited with one hundred and thirty-six thousand two hundred and sixty-eight (136,268) men. Foregoing does not embrace number adjusted between Illinois and Missouri, per your letter November 20. More fully by mail.

Assistant Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, D. C., November 27, 1863.

Brigadier General A. C. FULLER,
Adjutant General of Illinois, Springfield.

GENERAL: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 6th inst., covering a statement of troops furnished by the State of Illinois.

On the 26th inst., I telegraphed you the result of a re-examination of our rolls and records, and I now respectfully enclose the detailed statement thereof, in which is embraced all original organizations and recruits therefor. It will be seen that your records, and those of this Department, show a difference of 1,263 (135,531 — 136,268 — 1,263) which, with our present rolls and returns, can not be passed to the credit of the State.

The 3,129 men, resulting from an adjustment between the States of Illinois and Missouri, will be duly credited to the State of Illinois, and deducted from the credits given Missouri.

It upon an examination of the statement herewith, it should appear that any of the organizations therein are involved in the aforesaid adjustment, please advise me of the fact.

The missing rolls noted on your statement will be supplied you by copies from this office, so soon as they can be prepared; this, from the pressure on our roll room, will require some little time.

Copies of the rolls asked for in your letter of September 14, were forwarded you on the third day of October.

I have the honor to be, General,
Very respectfully your obedient servant,
Assistant Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, December 1, 1863.

Calls of eighteen sixty-one (1861) and eighteen hundred sixty-two (1862) were based on white population.

Assistant Adjutant General.


WASHINGTON, December 28, 1863.

Seventy-nine (79) men, Mississippi Marine Brigade, have been credited to your State. You will be advised as to recruits from regular army when statement is ready.

Assistant Adjutant General,

SPRINGFIELD, January 8, 1864.

Assistant Adjutant General, Washington.

MAJOR: I have the honor to enclose certificate of General John B. Gray, Adjutant General of Missouri, showing that six thousand and thirty two-residents of this State have enlisted in the volunteer regiments of Missouri, in the service of the United States. This number includes the four thousand three hundred and fifty-five (4,355) mentioned in certificate of General Gray, of partial examinations of September 22, 1863, heretofore forwarded to you.

It also appears upon final examination, December 30, 1863, that the sixteen hundred and fifty-nine (1,659) Missourians have enlisted in volunteer regiments of Illinois. This, however, includes the eleven hundred and seventy-six mentioned in said certificate of September 22, 1863.

It thus appears that the total balance in favor of Illinois is four thousand three hundred and seventy-three (4,373). But as three thousand one hundred and twenty-nine (3,129) have heretofore been passed to the credit of this State, (your letter of November 27, 1863,) the State of Illinois is only entitled to an additional credit of twelve hundred and forty-four (1,244).

I have the honor, therefore, respectfully, to request that an additional credit of twelve hundred and forty-four (1,244) be placed to the credit of this State.

I remain, Major, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Adjutant General.

SPRINGFIELD, ILL., January 8, 1864.
Assistant Adjutant General, Washington.

The States of Illinois and Missouri have just completed final adjustment heretofore reported to you. It appears that 6,032 residents of Illinois have enlisted in Missouri regiments, and that 1,659 residents of Missouri, have enlisted in Illinois regiments, showing balance in favor of Illinois, 4,373. From this balance should be deducted 3,129 passed to credit of Illinois November 27, 1863, leaving additional credit for Illinois of 1,244. I send by today's mail certificate of Adjutant General of Missouri for the above 6,032. Will the additional 1,244 be passed to the credit of this State?

Adjutant General.

SPRINGFIELD, ILL., January 8, 1864.
Assistant Adjutant General, Washington.

I have the honor to enquire if the calls on this State for three-years volunteers are as follows:

Total calls of 1861 47,785
Total calls of 1862, equivalent to 32,685
Total calls of 1863 64,630
Grand total 145,100

And if so, whether the State is exempt from a draft, provided it has furnished that number prior to the 6th day of the present month.

Adjutant General Illinois.

WASHINGTON, D. C., January 9, 1864.

General FULLER,
Adjutant General Illinois, Springfield.

Your dispatch of the 8th received. All matters relating to quotas in case of draft will be considered in time. In the meanwhile can you not restore and keep up the enthusiasm for volunteering so as to keep Illinois more in advance of all calls than any other State I fear your speech in Chicago will check recruiting in other parts of the State unless you can stir the people up again.

(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.


SPRINGFIELD, ILL., January 9, 1864.
Colonel JAMES B. FRY,
Washington, D. C.

Your dispatch of today is received. A semi-official dispatch from Washington, the day I made my speech in Chicago, that the draft would be postponed until the first of February had a bad effect upon recruiting. It was this and not my speech, and it was not until the effect of the dispatch was overcome that recruiting revived, and he who reports to you to the contrary is either ignorant or malicious. I would, under the same circumstances, if possible, have repeated that speech from Chicago to Cairo, and prove by the muster-rolls its favorable effect.

I will do all I can to keep Illinois ahead of other States; our people demand that accounts shall be made up with each county. I have been censured for not doing this, and yet I can not do it until the two dispatches to Major Vincent of yesterday are answered. God knows I am willing to do everything I can to cooperate with the Federal authorities, but I am not responsible for a policy over which I have no control. I will write you fully tomorrow. In the meantime, I beg of you to answer those dispatches, that I may make up my accounts with counties, and then we will again go to work.

Until this is done, recruiting has substantially stopped, for there are now no liberal bounties nor much fear of draft.

Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, January 11, 1864.

The additional twelve hundred and forty-four (1,244) recruits, for adjustment between Illinois and Missouri will, of course, be passed to credit of Illinois so soon as the joint certificate of adjustment between States is received. Above is answer to your dispatch of 8th.

Assistant Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, January 12, 1864.

Recruits for navy are not entitled to volunteer's bounty. We have no record of them being credited to states.

Assistant Adjutant General.

SPRINGFIELD, ILL., January 14, 1864.
Secretary of War, Washington.

Several Illinois regiments, having re-enlisted, are enroute home for reorganization. There are recruiting parties, amounting to seven hundred officers and enlisted men, here from regiments in the field, and who are under the orders of the Superintendent of Recruiting Service here. I think that officer, who is also Provost Marshal General of the State, has all the business on his hands he can attend to until the first of March next.

I desire to have these veteran regiments report to me their re enlistment and re-organization under my orders, and the Federal officers on duty here must provide quarters and subsistence on my requisition. I am confident that this course will materially promote the public service. Please answer.


SPRINGFIELD, ILL., January 16, 1864.
Colonel JAMES B. FRY.
Provost Marshal General, Washington, D. C.

Does the War Department propose to ascertain and determine the number of volunteers furnished by each county in this State prior to the last call, in order to determine the balance (if any) of quota then due from such county? Or will I be allowed to ascertain and determine the accounts with counties and localities for volunteers furnished by them, and assign to them their respective quotas under all calls?

In other words, does the General Government insist upon adjusting these matters in this State, or will it adopt the adjustment made by me, provided, of course, the State, as such furnishes its full quota under all calls?



WASHINGTON, D. C., January 18, 1864.

His Excellency, RICHARD YATES,
Governor of Illinois, Springfield.

SIR: Your dispatch of the 16th instant is received. The War Department does not propose to attempt the ascertainment of the number of volunteers furnished by each county in Illinois prior to the last call. No account prior to last call was kept by the War Department with counties, the record being kept only with the State at large. At the time of making up quotas for the late draft the account of the State of Illinois was made up, and she was found to have a surplus greater than her quota, and was therefore exempt from that draft. (See my letter of October 21, 1863.) If you can show exactly what proportion of all the men furnished by the State prior to the last call properly belongs to each county. I presume the War Department would adopt your report on this subject, but I would remark that the manner in which volunteers rushed to arms in the early stages of the rebellion, will, it seems to me, render it very difficult for you to accomplish this task satisfactorily. The enrollment act does not require it. It says that in assigning the quotas to Congressional districts, we should take into consideration the number of men furnished by the states, etc. It was the desire of all towns and counties to be credited on the late draft with what each had furnished; but after the most earnest efforts, I found it impossible to get from any State such information as would have justified an attempt to give such credits, and hence returned to a strict compliance with the law in this matter, and when a State had a surplus, I divided that among the districts pro rata with the enrollment, and then in each district divided again the surplus assigned to it among its sub-districts, and I think this is the only practical method of adjusting the accounts for men furnished prior to entering upon the enrollment act. Since the last call, our orders are to keep a record by the muster-in rolls of where every man is to be credited, and for the present and the future there should be no trouble, if our officers are careful in crediting each locality with its men, but I do not believe that the same rule can be applied to the past, and the law does not require that it should be. There is no doubt that it would be more just and satisfactory if it could be done. I feel sure it can not.

I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.

SPRINGFIELD, ILL., January 25, 1864.
Secretary of War.

On the 8th inst. my Adjutant General, by my order, telegraphed Colonel Fry, Provost Marshal General, enquiring if one hundred and forty-five thousand one hundred (145,100) three years' men was the total calls made upon this State, to which no satisfactory reply has been received. On the fourteenth (14th) inst. I telegraphed to you, requesting that our veteran regiments be recruited and re-organized under my orders, which I fear has been overlooked.

I respectfully insist I am entitled to definite and specific answers to these dispatches.


WASHINGTON, January 26, 1864.

His Excellency, GOVERNOR YATES:
Your telegram of sixteenth (16th) inst. was replied to by letter on the eighteenth (18th). Will send copy by mail today.

(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.

WASHINGTON, D. C., January 26, 1864.

His Excellency, RICHARD YATES,
Governor of Illinois, Springfield.

SIR: In reply to your telegram of the 25th inst., requesting answer to your dispatch of the 16th inst., I have the honor to enclose herewith copy of communication of the 18th inst. in answer hereto.

I am, Governor,
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed) JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.


WASHINGTON, January 26, 1864.

Colonel Fry refers to a letter forwarded by him on the twelfth (12th) of January to Adjutant-General Fuller, and a telegram of the ninth (9th) of January to General Fuller, in response to the enquiries in your telegraph of the eighth (8th), and has just made the following report to the proposals submitted in your telegram of the fifteenth. The veteran regiments returning home for re-organization and furlough, referred to in the telegram from the Governor of Illinois, dated January fourteenth (14th), 1864, are in the service of the United States and should remain under the control of the United States officers, and not be placed under the orders of the Governor. However well this might work in the case of the Governor of Illinois, the principle is wrong and such a precedent might lead to very serious consequences. I have no doubt Colonel Oakes can attend to these regiments in addition to what he is now doing, but if he can not, I will ask to have additional officers sent to him. I hope the Governor will aid in the recruitment of these regiments the same as is done under similar circumstances by the Governors of other States.

(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY,
P. M. General.

The report of Colonel Fry is approved and forwarded, as the reply of this Department.

Secretary of War.

WASHINGTON, January 26, 1864.
His Excellency, GOVERNOR YATES:

Your telegram of the fourteenth (14th) and also of yesterday are in the hands of Colonel Fry, Provost Marshal General, with directions to furnish you the information you desire. Colonel Fry informs me that he has already communicated to you the principal part of the information you wish. I am not aware that there has been at any time any just reason of complaint on your part of delay in answering your inquiries. It sometimes happens that they relate to matters which have to be carefully considered in connection with the information to be acquired at other points before a response can be given, but except where some special reason prevents an immediate reply, it has always, so far as I am informed, been given either by myself or by the officer in charge of the subject to which your inquiries relate.

Secretary of War.

SPRINGFIELD, January 31, 1864.

Assistant Adjutant General, Washington, D. C.

MAJOR: Referring to my letter of the 8th inst., enclosing certificate of Adjutant General John B Gray, of Missouri, showing the enlistment of six thousand and thirty-two (6,032) residents of Illinois in Missouri regiments, and referring also to your dispatch of the 11th inst., informing me that an additional credit would be given this State of twelve hundred and forty-four (1,244) on receipt of "joint certificate" of adjustment between the States of Illinois and Missouri, I have the honor to enclose you such "joint certificate" of General Gray and myself, and respectfully request that such additional credit be given this State, unless the same was already done on receipt of my letter of the 8th inst. above referred to.

I now enclose this "joint certificate" because I have not had the honor of a reply to my letter of the 8th inst., and therefore supposed that the certificate therein enclosed was not sufficient to secure the additional credit now requested.

I have the honor to remain, Major,
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Adjutant General.

It is hereby certified that on further examination of the files and records of the Adjutant General's office of the States of Illinois and Missouri, that six thousand and thirty-two (6,032) residents of the State of Illinois have been enlisted in the volunteer regiments from Missouri in the service of the United States for three years or during the war, and that sixteen hundred and fifty-nine (1,659) residents of the State of Missouri have been enlisted in the volunteer regiments from Illinois, in the service of the United States, for three years or during the war; and that these numbers, respectively, include the four thousand three hundred and fifty-five (4,355) Illinoisans, and eleven hundred and seventy six (1,176) Missourians mentioned in certificate of partial examination, dated September 22, 1863.

Given in duplicate, Springfield, Ill., January 8, 1864.

(Signed.) ALLEN C. FULLER,
Adjutant General, Illinois.

(Signed.) JOHN B. GRAY,
Adjutant General, Missouri.


SPRINGFIELD, February 1, 1864.

Colonel JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General, Washington.

Your dispatch of the 26th and letter of the 18th ultimo were received.

On the 8th ultimo my Adjutant General, by my direction, telegraphed you, inquiring if one hundred and forty-five thousand one hundred (145,100) was the total quota of this State under all calls made by the Federal Government. On the 9th ultimo you answered him that all matters relating to draft would be considered in time. This answer is not satisfactory and I now respectfully request a definite answer to that inquiry.


SPRINGFIELD, February 3, 1864.

Assistant Adjutant General, Washington, D. C.

MAJOR: I have the honor to enclose a revised list of three years' volunteers furnished by this State prior to October 1, 1863, consolidated by regiments.

From said list you will notice I claim that one hundred and forty-five thousand seven hundred and forty-five (145,735) less sixteen hundred and fifty-nine (1,659) credited Missouri, being one hundred and forty-four thousand and eighty-six (144,086), were furnished by the State prior to October 1st.

In my list transmitted Nov. 6, 1863, the number stated was 137,531, exclusive of volunteers from this State in Missouri regiments, and the number credited by you according to your revised list sent me November 27, 1863, is one hundred and thirty-six thousand two hundred and sixty-eight (136,268). Since then, I believe you have credited the State three thousand one hundred and twenty-nine (3,129), and twelve hundred and forty-four (1,244) — total four thousand three hundred and seventy-three (4,373) — on account of settlement made with Missouri, making total credits to this State for enlistments made prior to last call, one hundred and forty thousand six hundred and forty-one (140,641).

The difference between 137,531, amount claimed in my first list, and 136,268, amount credited in your revised list of November 27, was 1,263. Our present difference for the same period now appears to be 3,445. This increase of difference is principally occasioned by my omitting 956 Mechanic Fusileers, 127 Busteed's Battery and 55 Company H, 4th Kansas, whose rolls had not been furnished me. Since the receipt of your revised list, I have received additional returns from our regiments, and have again corrected and compared every name, to avoid any being counted twice, with the following result: Loss by transfer, six hundred and sixty-three (663) and gains by names on casualty returns of thirteen hundred and nine (1,309), which had not been reported on any other return. The latter were almost entirely in regiments whose original muster-in-rolls I had not been furnished with.

Besides these sources of information I sent, on the 3d of December, a circular to all our regiments, a form of which I take the liberty to enclose. I give you on the enclosed list, under the head of Field Return, the reports of those from whom I have received returns. In the enclosed return I also insert in separate columns the credits given by you in your first and revised return.

I have the honor to remain, Major,
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 4, 1864.
Governor YATES:

Your dispatch of 2d received. The calls made upon Illinois are as follows; In eighteen hundred and sixty-one, call for forty-seven thousand seven hundred and eighty-five (47,785); in July, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, call for twenty-six thousand one hundred forty-eight (26,148) volunteers for three years; in August, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, call for twenty-six thousand one hundred forty-eight (26,148) militia for nine months. The quota for draft in eighteen hundred and sixty-three was thirty-six thousand seven hundred (36,700); the quota under call for October 17, eighteen hundred and sixty-three, was twenty-seven thousand nine hundred thirty (27,930). If this does not answer your inquiry satisfactorily, please make your wishes known by letter.

(Signed) J. B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.

SPRINGFIELD, ILL., Feb. 4, 1864.
Colonel JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General, Washington City, D. C.

The State of Illinois has two regiments and eight independent batteries, I respectfully request authority to raise four more batteries, and organize a third regiment.

I do not think Illinois has had the privilege of raising her proportion of artillery, and I am anxious to raise four more batteries, I shall consider a great privilege to do so.



WASHINGTON, Feb. 4, 1864.

His Excellency, GOVERNOR YATES:
Can you raise promptly forty (40) companies of infantry, to be combined by you into regiments as fast as companies are completed. If so, please enter upon it at once, and complete the undertaking as soon as possible.

(Signed.) J. B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.


SPRINGFIELD, ILL., February 5, 1864.

It is with feelings of the profoundest satisfaction that I announce to you the number of men which Illinois has contributed to the armies of the Union from the commencement of the Rebellion to the present time.

Our contingent of volunteers under the calls of the President:

In 1861 was 47,785
In 1862 was 32,685
In 1863 was 64,630
Total quotas under all calls 145,100

The last call was made October 17, 1863, and the State had furnished and been credited one hundred and twenty-five thousand three hundred and twenty one (125,321) men — a surplus of eight thousand one hundred and fifty-one (8,151) over all other calls to be credited to our contingent for that call, and which reduced it to 19,779 men, with still other credits claimed, but not fully adjusted because of imperfect record in case of citizens, and in some instances whole companies of Illinoisans, who had entered the regiments of other states at times when our quotas under given calls were entirely full, and because of which, their services I was reluctantly compelled to decline.

In the volunteer regiments from the State of Missouri 6,032 citizens of Illinois were enrolled and mustered, and in Illinois regiments there have been 1,659 residents of the State of Missouri enlisted; which leaves, as between the States, a credit of 4,273 in favor of Illinois.

After adjustment of credit of 125,321 at and prior to October last, from more careful examination of the rolls and returns from the field, it was ascertained that we were entitled to an additional credit of 10,947, which increased the number enrolled in our own regiments, and for which we were entitled to credit, prior to last call, of 136,238, leaving the whole account thus:

Quotas under all calls 145,100
Credits for enlistments in Illinois regiments 136,268
Balance in Missouri regiments 4,373 — 140,641
Total balance due the Government under last call 4,459

Besides the foregoing the State claims an unadjusted balance of 3,264 for volunteers furnished prior to October 1, 1863, which I doubt not will soon be credited by the War Department.

Independent of the last mentioned figures, and exclusive of old regiments re-enlisting as veterans, our quota on the first day of January was more than filled, as evidenced by rolls returned since the last call.

In other words, the State of Illinois, having under every call exceeded her quota by the voluntarily demonstrated patriotism of her people, was not, on the first day of January last, or at any other time, liable to draft.

That this information has not been communicated to the public sooner is fully explained in the uncertainty which has existed as to the credits which would be allowed by the War Department, the unadjusted account between


our own and neighboring states of the volunteers of the one enlisted in the regiments of the other, and the incomplete returns of the new recruits enlisted just prior to and about the first day of January, 1864.

Thus it will be seen that Illinois alone, of all the loyal states of the Union, furnishes the proud record of not only having escaped the draft, without credit for her old regiments but of starting under the new call with her quota largely diminished, by the credit to which she is entitled by thousands of veterans already re-enlisted.

This is only an additional chapter to the fame of our noble State, promptly and patriotically responding to every call of the Government for men — and men, too, whose valor, endurance, prompt obedience, noble daring and brilliant achievements are unsurpassed by those of any State in the Union.

I can not forbear to refer specially to the cheerful re-enlistment of our old regiments. Those so designated are the regiments of infantry numbered the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th — organized under the call of the President of April 15th, 1861, for 75,000 three months' volunteers, and were the first in the field — and re-organized in July and August, 1861, for three years' service — the 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th and 18th regiments, which were first organized under provisions of an act passed by the extraordinary session of the General Assembly of Illinois, convened April 23, 1861, in anticipation of future calls of the Government for troops, and which organizations were preserved intact in State camps until the latter part of that month, and mustered into the United States service as organized under the law referred to. All the other mentioned regiments were organized in pursuance of the calls of the President and orders of the War Department, based on the laws of Congress of that year.

The infantry regiments at the time of organization, and since, have contained 38,173, and the cavalry 7,477; aggregate 45,650 men, and now comprise


Seventh Infantry.
Eighth Infantry.
Ninth Infantry.
Tenth Infantry.
Eleventh Infantry.
Twelfth Infantry.
Thirteenth Infantry.
Fourteenth Infantry.
Fifteenth Infantry.
Sixteenth Infantry.
Seventeenth Infantry.
Eighteenth Infantry.
Twenty-Sixth Infantry.
Twenty-Ninth Infantry.
Thirtieth Infantry.
Thirty-First Infantry.
Thirty-Second Infantry.
Thirty-Third Infantry.
Thirty-Fourth Infantry.
Thirty-Sixth Infantry.
Thirty-Ninth Infantry.
Fortieth Infantry.
Forty-First Infantry.
Forty-Third Infantry.
Forty-Fourth Infantry.
Forty-Fifth Infantry.
Forty-Sixth Infantry.
Forty-Eighth Infantry.
Forty-Ninth Infantry.
Fiftieth Infantry.
Fifty-Second Infantry.
Fifty-Third Infantry.
Fifty-Fourth Infantry.
Fifty-Seventh Infantry.
Fifty-Eighth Infantry.
Sixty-Second Infantry.
Sixty-Fourth Infantry.
Sixty-Sixth Infantry.
Second Cavalry.
Fourth Cavalry.
Eighth Cavalry.
Ninth Cavalry.
Tenth Cavalry.
Twelfth Cavalry.

The old regiments not yet reported as having re-enlisted are the 19th, 20th, 21st, 22d, 23d, 24th, 25th, 27th, 35th, 37th, 38th, 42d, 47th, 51st, 55th, 56th, 59th, 60th, 61st, 63d, 65th regiments of Infantry, and the 3d, 5th, 6th, 7th and 11th regiments of Cavalry, and the 1st and 2d regiments of Artillery.

Total number of old regiments organized for three years' service:
Infantry 59
Cavalry 10
Artillery 2
Aggregate 71


Number of regiments re-enlisted as veterans:
Infantry 38
Cavalry 6
Aggregate 44

The order for re-enlistment of veteran volunteers, issued on the 11th day of September, 1863, and the rapidity with which they have responded, is a striking evidence of the attachment to the service and the esteem and respect which our General, Field, Staff and Line Officers have inspired in the ranks of our invincible armies, and above all, the appreciation they have of the magnitude of the issue at stake. The most cheering intelligence is also received from the regiments not officially reported as re-enlisted. They are all made of the same invincible material, and I doubt not, that every regiment will retain its number, and soon wheel gloriously into the veteran line.

Though absent for years from their homes and everything held most sacred and dear, and exposed to untried rigid discipline, and dangers of every kind — decimated by disease and by death on the battle field, these veterans return with their old banners, which they have born aloft amid shot and shell, and the cloud and smoke of many victorious battle fields, to receive the welcome and congratulations of their loyal countrymen, and for only a brief furlough to enjoy the sweets of home and friends, again to return to meet the foe and fight on until the last rebel shall have laid down his arms, and the rightful authority of the Government shall be restored over every inch of American soil. They have come in contact with the enemy, and know better than the philosopher at home that the rights of man and the power of the Government can now only be secured by sword and cannon. Their devotion to country is full of sublimity, not surpassed by that of the veterans of the ancient Republics, whose patriotism and deeds of valor have been the themes for song and eloquence for over a thousand years. Can the proudest page of history point to a nation whose army has participated in more battle fields than the veteran soldiers of Illinois? At Boonville, Carthage, Wilson's Creek, Frederickton, Lexington, Belmont, Fort Henry, Fort Donelson, Pea Ridge, New Madrid, Island No. 10, Shiloh, Farmington, Britton's Lane, Iuka, Corinth, Hatchie, Parker's Cross Roads, Prairie Grove, Coffeeville, Chickasaw, Bayou, Arkansas Post, Port Gibson, Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hills, Big Black, Siege of Vicksburg, Helena, Port Hudson, Jackson, Little Rock, Pine Bluffs, Perryville, Stone River, Chickamauga, Lookout Valley, Tuscumbia, Mission Ridge, Ringgold and Knoxville in the West — The battles of Peninsular campaign, Antietam, Gettysburg, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Siege of Charleston, on the Eastern coast, and other engagements in the Department of the Gulf, and innumerable skirmishes, have these same returned veterans of Illinois participated and borne conspicuous parts. All honor to them that have so proudly borne themselves, all honor to them that they still swear fresh allegiance to their country, and with unconquered spirit resolve never to sheath their swords except over the grave of treason, and the vindicated authority of the Government and our glorious Union restored.

The quota of the State under the new call will soon be announced, and each county definitely informed of the number required, and I have no fears that a single county will fail to fill its quota. Recruiting will go on. At the roll call of the States for their quota on the first day of March, Illinois will answer "here," and should the Government, as in my judgment it ought, call out full 500,000 more men, and, with demonstrated and overwhelming power crush out the last vestige of the rebellion, in such an event Illinois would again respond with her full quota of as brave, patriotic and loyal men as those who have reflected such resplendent lustre upon her arms.

I express my gratitude for the aid and counsel the old and wise men and loyal women have given me in organizing troops and caring for the sick and wounded of our State through the trying months we have passed, and I now appeal to the young men of Illinois to join our veteran heroes, who, on weary march and battle plain call you to their side. You have the renown of fore fathers to sustain, and the consecrated memories of the noble dead to write


upon the annals of the Republic, to be saved by its citizens and arms. Between you and them there is a covenant, and you are pledged, by every sentiment of loyalty and honor to God and country, to sustain them in the hour of conflict. 'Tis yours to accomplish the mission of the century, to inspire new faith in the capacity of man for self-government, to preserve the dignity of labor, and to transmit to posterity the free government of Benjamin Franklin and George Washington. If you desire your names associated with the glories of this war, enlist now, for the signs are that its end is near at hand.

The South is fast becoming convinced that the cool, determined bravery of one Northern man is equal to the fiery, impetuous valor and bravado of one Southern man; and that while, day by day, the resources of the South in men, money and munitions of war and supplies are nearing the point of final exhaustion, the arm of the loyal States is daily being strengthened, the credit of the Government is unimpaired, the preparations for prosecuting the war on the land and on the sea are constantly increasing, and scarcely any limit can be assigned to the number of men which the Government may call to its aid. The doom of the rebellion is inevitable. It can, to say the least, only be a question of time.

Then fill up the ranks — reinforce the columns still advancing, and by strength of strong arms in the field, and patriotic sentiment at home, fill every village and hamlet, claimed by traitors, with the old flag and anthems of VICTORY, FREEDOM and NATIONAL UNION.

I submit herewith the report of Adjutant General Allen C. Fuller, who, in the organization of our regiments, has labored faithfully, and brought great energy, efficiency and ability in the discharge of all the varied and complicated duties of the Adjutant General's office. To him and assistants in his office, and to my own staff, am I much indebted for the success which has crowned my labors in raising, organizing and responding to all the demands of the large number of troops which Illinois has sent to the field.


WASHINGTON, February 5, 1864.

From reports thus far received, I fear that mustering officers in the field have not fully complied with their instructions of December eighth (8th) in reference to localities to which re-mustered veterans should be credited. Therefore, with the view of completing records, and to insure prompt and correct crediting of men, I respectfully request that you will consult your records of re-mustered veteran troops, and those of the organizations returned to and arriving in the State on furlough, and make therefrom a report of the number to be credited to the respective localities. Please forward the report to me March 1st, and let it embrace all re-musters reported to you prior to that date. Copy of instructions to mustering officers, date December 8th, to you by mail today.

(Signed.) T. M. VINCENT.

WASHINGTON, February 11, 1864.

Governor YATES:
I am making up the quotas, and will give you that of Illinois as soon as practicable. Whatever the quota of the State may be upon present calls, another call may be made at any moment. I therefore suggest that volunteering be continued with all the spirit possible while the large government bounties are authorized. Illinois will need any surplus she may thus acquire. The enrollment of the first and second classes is taken as a basis in making up the quotas.

(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.


WASHINGTON, D. C., February 16, 1864.

Springfield, Illinois.

SIR: I have the honor to inform you that from June 11 to December 31, 1863, the following credits of volunteers for three years' service, have been given the State of Illinois:

Additional credits as per adjustments between Illinois and Missouri —

First adjustment 3,129
Second adjustment 1,244
Additional credits per revision of all rolls and records prior to Oct. 1, 1863. (Letter to Adjutant General, Illinois, Nov. 27, 1863. 10,947
From Oct. 1 to Nov. 30. 686
December. 2,594
Total three years' standard, to Dec. 31, 1863. 18,600

The foregoing number is exclusive of re-enlistments of veterans in the field.

I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Assistant Adjutant General

WASHINGTON, D. C., February 17, 1864.

Springfield, Illinois.

SIR: I have the honor to inform you that from January 1, 1864, to January 31, 1864, the State of Illinois has been credited with 4,874 volunteers for three years' service. Veteran re-enlistments in the field are not included in the foregoing.

I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Assistant Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, D. C., February 22, 1864.

Brigadier General A. C. Fuller,
Adjutant General of Illinois.

GENERAL: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 3d instant, covering a revised return of troops furnished by the State of Illinois, and showing an increased difference between the number credited by this department and that claimed by the State prior to October 1, 1863.

I have respectfully to state that the return has been attentively considered compared with the records of this Department, and the result will not allow the number of credits to be increased.

In one instance alone, that of the 66th regiment, formerly the 14th Missouri, your State has been credited with 457 men, all that appear as enrolled from Illinois, but your statement makes claim for 1,078; there is thus, in one case, a difference of 621.

In examining your revised statement, it is seen that the increase of numbers, as claimed, results almost entirely from the data obtained by you from the returns made by officers in the field. This data can not be taken by this Department as the basis of credits but, to effect an adjustment of the difference, the certificate of the chief U. S. mustering officer of Illinois can be taken.

Therefore if you will permit that officer to examine your records, the difference — 3,445 — will be passed to the credit of the State so soon as his certificate shall have been received to the effect that, to October 1, 1863, 139,713 Illinois volunteers for three years' service have been mustered into the U. S. service.

By my letter of the 16th instant, to his Excellency, the Governor, you will be informed that 4,373 men, as per adjustments between Illinois and Missouri, have been duly credited.

I have the honor to remain, General,
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Assistant Adjutant General.


WASHINGTON, D. C., Mar. 17, 1864.


SIR: I have the honor to inform you that from February 1 to 29, 1864, the State of Illinois has been credited with 5,041 volunteers for three years' service, and also with 314 enlistments in the regular army from September 3, 1862, up to date, so far as reported.

Veteran re-enlistments are not included in the foregoing.

I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Assistant Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON CITY, D. C., Mar. 29, 1864.

Colonel J. B. FRY, Provost Marshal General, U. S.

Sir: I have the honor to request a statement of exact quotas and credits of the State of Illinois under all calls for troops from 15th of April, 1861, to present date. The statement to be made, if you please, in a way to exhibit quota and credit under each call, with designation of number of recruits enlisted in the State, and veteran volunteers enlisted in the State and in the field, and credited under respective calls, so far as you have received report.

This statement is requested for information of his Excellency, Governor Yates, by whom I am directed (this day by telegraph) to make application for and receive the same from you.

Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed.) JOHN S. LOOMIS,
Col. and A. D. C.,
Staff of Gov. Yates.

Address, 15 Willard's Hotel, Washington City, D. C.

WASHINGTON CITY, D. C., April 14, 1864.


SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of a communication from Colonel Loomis. Aid-de-Camp, asking for a statement of the exact quotas and credits under each call for troops from Illinois, from the 15th day of April, 1861, to the present date.

In reply I am directed to inform you that the information in part, as requested, was furnished by statement from this office of date June 11, 1863, and that since that date no general statement of the character asked for has been prepared for any State. The quotas assigned and credits made have, however, been duly communicated as per letters of various dates from this office and that of the Provost Marshal General. The latter officer has communicated the quotas fixed since March 3, 1863, the date of the enrolling act.

It is therefore seen that the information desired is already on file in the office of the Adjutant of the State.

With the present pressure of business upon the Department, it is not practicable to communicate the information under the special form as requested by your Excellency.

I have the honor to remain,
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Assistant Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, D. C., April 15, 1864.


SIR: I have the honor to inform you that from March 1 to 31, 1864, the State of Illinois has been credited with 3,204 volunteers for three years' service, and 25 enlistments in the regular army from September 3, 1862, up to date, and not previously reported.

Veteran re-enlistments are not included in the foregoing.

I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant.
Assistant Adjutant General.


WASHINGTON, D. C., April 25, 1864.


SIR: I have the honor to inform you that the State of Illinois has been credited with re-enlisted Veterans as follows; Volunteers, 13,795.

The number (13,795) is the same as that claimed by the State, per the exhibit of your Adjutant General embracing returns made to him to include the 15th inst. The Provost Marshal General of the United States has been requested to credit localities with the number set forth in said exhibit.

The number credited is supported by the records of this office, but thus far returns here received will permit me to assign only 10,109 to localities.

I have the honor to remain,
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Assistant Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, D. C., June 1, 1864.

His Excellency, RICHARD YATES,
Governor of the State of Illinois, Springfield, Illinois.

SIR: I have the honor to enclose an exhibit of the debits of the State of Illinois under all calls, and the credits, to include the 30th of April, 1864, as finally adjusted on the records of this office from the various reports received.

This exhibit is forwarded for your information and such remarks as you may see fit to make thereon.

Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General

WASHINGTON, D. C., June 6, 1864.


SIR: I have the honor to inform you that from April 1 to 30, 1864, the State of Illinois has been credited with 2,257 volunteers for three years' service, and 32 enlistments in the regular army, up to date, so far as reported.

Veteran re-enlistments are not included in the foregoing.

I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Assistant Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, D. C., June 21, 1864.


SIR: I have the honor to inform you that the State of Illinois has been credited with 202 colored troops mustered into the U. S. service during the month of April, and 261 volunteers for three years' service mustered in the field during the month of May, 1864. Veteran re-enlistments excluded.

I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Assistant Adjutant General.


WASHINGTON, D. C., June 11, 1864.


SIR: I have the honor to inform you that from May 1 to 31, 1864, the State of Illinois has been credited with 611 volunteers for three years' service and also with 13 enlistments in the regular army, up to date, so far as reported.

Veteran re-enlistments are not included in the foregoing.

I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Assistant Adjutant General.

WASHINGTON, D. C., June 24, 1864.

His Excellency, RICHARD YATES,
Governor of Illinois, Springfield.

GOVERNOR: I have the honor to call your attention to the exhibits of debits and credits of your State under all calls up to the 30th of April, 1864, which was sent you from this office on the 1st inst., and to request that you will acknowledge its receipt, and if you do not accept it as correct, state wherein it is erroneous.

I am, Governor, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.

SPRINGFIELD, June 29, 1864.

Brigadier General JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General, Washington, D. C.

GENERAL: I am directed by His Excellency, Governor Yates, to acknowledge the receipt of your communications of the 1st and 24th insts., in relation to three-year volunteers furnished by this State prior to the first ultimo, and in reply to transmit herewith a statement showing the difference on the subject between the Federal Government and this State.

It will be noticed that the aggregate difference is 2,035, which is almost entirely confined to the number credited prior to January 1, 1864, being 655, and the number of re-enlisted veterans, which is 1,438.

The returns which I have made for volunteers furnished subsequent to October 1, 1863 have been verified by Lieutenant-Colonel James Oakes, Superintendent of Volunteer Recruiting Service for this State. These returns of veterans show that rolls had been received prior to the 15th of April last for 13,951 veterans, whereas you only credit the State 13,795 for same period. It will furthermore be noticed that the enclosed statement shows the number of veterans prior to the 1st of May was 15,233, instead of 13,795, as stated by you.

I have the honor to remain,
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Adjutant General.

Original by telegraph.
WASHINGTON, D. C., July 5, 1864.

His Excellency, RICHARD YATES.
Governor of Illinois, Springfield, Ill.

No acknowledgment of your receipt of the exhibit of quotas and credits of your State up to April 30, sent you June 1, has been received. It was sent to invite your acceptance of the correctness of our accounts, or your explanation of discrepancies, if any existed. If no


errors are pointed out before it is necessary for me to close the account, which will be soon, it will be taken for granted that you adopt our accounts up to the date of the exhibit, and I will regard the subject as closed to the date.

(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.

Official copy.
(Signed.) CHAS. H. H. BROOM,
1st Lt. 57th N. G. V. and A. A. A. G.

WASHINGTON, D. C., July 14, 1864.

His Excellency, RICHARD YATES,
Governor of Illinois, Springfield, Ill.

SIR: Section 8, of the Act approved July 4, 1864, further to regulate and provide for the enrolling and calling out the National forces, and for other purposes, is as follows:

"That all persons in the naval service of the United States, who have entered said service during the present rebellion, who have not been credited to the quota of any town, district, ward or State, by reason of their being in said service, and not enrolled prior to February 24, 1864, shall be enrolled and credited to the quotas of the town, ward, district or State in which they respectively reside, upon satisfactory proof of their residence, made to the Secretary of War.

The Secretary of War hereby appoints your Excellency and Lieutenant Colonel James Oakes, Acting Assistant Provost Marshal General for the State of Illinois, a commission to ascertain what credits the State of Illinois, and the different subdivisions of the State, are entitled to under the law given above."

For the information of the Commission, it may be proper to remark that the total number of persons in the naval service of the United States, by the latest returns, is about thirty-eight thousand (38,000), as officially reported by the Navy Department.

In determining this question, the Secretary thinks it will be fair to presume that the State in which naval enlistments have been made is entitled to the credit for those enlistments, unless it shall appear, by more direct evidence, that the credits belong elsewhere. The points of law to be observed in applying the act quoted will readily be perceived by the Commission.

Lieutenant-Colonel Oakes, Acting Assistant Provost Marshal General for Illinois, will carry into immediate effect all the credits allowed by the Commission, unless they shall specially require reference to the Secretary of War.

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
(Signed.) JAMER B. FRY.
Provost Marshal General.

WASHINGTON, D. C., July 19, 1864.

His Excellency, RICHARD YATES,
Governor of Illinois, Springfield, Ill.

SIR: The quota of the State of Illinois under call of the President for 500,000 men, of date July 18, 1864, is 52,057.

The quota will be divided among the different sub-districts, and the quota of each sub-district will be reduced by any excess it may now have over all calls heretofore made, or increased by its deficiency on such calls, as the case may be.

For details in regard to the subject, please confer with the Acting Assistant Provost Marshal General of the State.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.

By telegraph from
WASHINGTON, July 28, 1864.

To Lieutenant-Colonel JAMES OAKES:
The quota of Illinois under call or first of February, eighteen hundred sixty-four (1864) was based on enrollment of eighteen hundred sixty-three (1863).

(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY,
P. M. G.


SPRINGFIELD, July 29, 1864.

Official copy.

Respectfully furnished for the information of General Allen C. Fuller, Adjutant General, Illinois.

(Signed.) JAMES OAKES,
Lieut.-Col. and A. A. P. M. G., Illinois.

Statement of the method adopted by James Oakes, Lt.-Col., 4th U. S. Cav., and A. A. P. M. G., Illinois, for ascertaining and assigning credits, and of finding the numbers given in the column headed "Pro Rata."

In order to assign the credits to the sub-districts of the State the duplicate monthly reports of veteran volunteers, on file in the office of Adjutant General Fuller, were obtained; and these, with the duplicate reports of Musters of Recruits in the State, all containing statements of the numbers from each locality as reported by mustering officers, were placed in the hands of the three clerks in the several offices of the A. A. P. M. G., S. V. R. S. and C. M. & D. O., Illinois, who had the best acquaintance with the geography of the State, and had had most experience in ascertaining the location of places of residence. They were instructed to enter upon tally-lists, opposite the name and number of each sub-district, the number of recruits or veterans found to belong to each, using their most enlightened judgment and fullest knowledge in correcting any errors in the assignment of residences found already in the reports.

They proceeded, with the aid of the best maps, postoffice lists and lists of townships and precincts obtained from the State officers, to enter the assignments on the lists. When a given place of residence said to be in one county was found to be in another, the men therefrom were credited to the sub-district in which the place was known to be; excepting that when the given place was adjacent to the county in which it was erroneously said to be, it was presumed that the man lived in the county named, and in the sub-district nearest to the place named. Thus, a man said to be resident in Laclede, Marion county, was credited to the sub-district in Marion county nearest to Laclede, which is in Fayette county. When no place of the given name was found in the county named, and no reason appeared for transferring the credit to another county, it was assigned to any place for which the name most probably might have been mistaken. Thus, Colorado was presumed to mean Eldorado; Lamville to mean Lamoille. This resource failing, the credit was entered to the county at large, to be disposed of as hereafter shown.

When all credits had been thus located as far as possible, including reports of musters in the field, and recruits for the regular army and a few for the navy, the total was found to be 174,171. The remaining credit of the State, being the remainder of 181,178 allowed in settlement between the State of Illinois and the War Department, was 7,007, being persons who had given no other designation of residence than "Illinois," and persons credited to the State by virtue of enlistments into Illinois regiments. From this sum was deducted-first, a credit known to be due to Cook county of 239; next, special credits on proved claims of Winnebago. Boone and Bureau counties, amounting to 125, 182 and 122, respectively; total, 379. These were allowed to these counties and added to the credit of these counties at large, because of men shown by the authorities of these counties to have enlisted in regiments of other States, Missouri excepted. The remaining unassigned credit of the State, 6,389, was divided among the ninety-nine counties which had not shown their contributions to the regiments of other States, in proportion to their revised enrollment.

WASHINGTON, D. C., August 6, 1864.

Springfield, Illinois.

SIR: I have the honor to inform you that the State of Illinois has been credited with 2,391 additional re-enlisted veteran volunteers.

The total (2,391) is the same as that claimed by the State, per the exhibit of your Adjutant General embracing returns made to him from April 15 to June 30, 1864. The Provost Marshal General of the United States has been requested to credit localities with the numbers set forth by the State records.

I have the honor to remain, very respectfully.
Your obedient servant.
Assistant Adjutant General.


Report and Tabular Statement.

SPRINGFIELD, September 1, 1864.

His Excellency, GOVERNOR YATES:
On the first day of February last, I had the honor to submit my report showing, among other things, that the total quotas of three years' volunteers assigned to this State prior to and including the call for 300,000, October 18, 1863, was 145,000; that the State had been credited for volunteers furnished prior to October 1, 1863, with 136,268 in our own regiments, and a balance of 4,373 on settlement with the State of Missouri, making 140,641, and leaving a balance against the State of 4,459; that the State, however, claimed to have furnished prior to that date 144,086, leaving only a balance of 1,014, and that the difference in accounts between the Federal and State governments would probably soon be placed to the credit of the State.

As a part of said report I submitted a tabular statement, compiled from descriptive roll-books on file in this department, showing the credit to which each county would then be entitled, providing the balance of our accounts should be allowed by the War Department, and that beside specific credits there stated, there was 5,106 to be apportioned to the different counties in the State on account of volunteers from other States in our regiments and volunteers from our own State whose county residences were then unknown.

I now have the honor to inform you that during my late visit to Washington all differences concerning the number of volunteers furnished prior to July 1, 1864, were satisfactorily adjusted, and all claims of the State allowed by the War Department.

Herewith is submitted a tabular statement showing the population of each county in the State according to the census of 1860; the total first and second class enrollment in each county, as taken by the Provost Marshal's department, and corrected to February 1, 1864; the quotas of this State under all calls since the commencement of the war; the credits of each county for volunteers furnished prior to July 1, 1864, and the deficits of sixty-three (63) counties, and surplus of thirty-nine (39) counties.

From this statement it will be seen that our total quotas under all calls in 1861 was 47,785; quotas under calls of 1862, 32,685, and quotas under calls of 1864, 116,890, making a grand total of quotas of 197,360, and which is only 183 less than the first class enrollment of 1862, of all persons in the State subject to military duty, between the ages of twenty and thirty-five years, and all unmarried persons subject to military duty, above the age of thirty-five and under the age of forty-five years. It will be noticed that there are no quotas mentioned for the year 1863. This is because the draft call for 1863, of which our quota was 36,700, was waived by the War Department or included in calls of 1864, and the call for 300,000 Oct. 13, 1863, of which our quota was 27,930, is included by the President in the call for 500,000 Feb. 1, 1864, of which our quota was 46,309. Our quota under the call of 200,000 March 14, 1864, was 18,524, and our quota under call for 500,000 July 18, 1864, was 52,057, making total calls in 1864, 1,200,000; total quotas under said calls 116,890. It will be further noticed that the total credits to July 1, 1864, (in addition to 11,328 one-hundred days' men not credited) is 181,178, showing that our enlistments between October 1, 1863, and July 1, 1864, is 37,092. Of this latter number 16,186 are on account of re-enlisted veterans, exclusive of the veterans of the 37th and 58th regiments, whose rolls have not yet been received.

Neither in the assignments of these quotas, nor apportionment of credits of the State to localities, have the State authorities any power or control. The policy adopted in 1862 of calling on the State to enroll its arms-bearing population, and, in case of a deficiency, to draft for such deficiency, was abandoned March 3, 1863, and the Federal authorities required to perform such service. We may co-operate, advise or object, but not decide; and are therefore, neither entitled to credit for any success, nor are we responsible


for any failure in the just and equitable execution of the enrollment act, any further than we may furnish or refuse to furnish any information from the State records in our possession. It is but just, however, to Lieutenant-Colonel Oakes, the Acting Provost Marshal General of this State, in this connection to state, that in assigning these quotas and apportioning these credits, there has been between us a perfect agreement of opinion, and I believe he has, in the discharge of these important duties, been most anxious to do justice to all parties, as far as possible.

These quotas, under the calls of 1861 and 1862, were assigned by the War Department to States according to their population, as ascertained by the census of 1860. The quotas under the calls of February and March, 1864, were assigned according to the enrollment of 1863, as corrected to February 1, 1864, and the quotas under the call of July 18, 1864, were assigned according to the enrollment, as corrected to July 1, 1864. Such being the rule under which quotas have been assigned to States, the same rule has been adopted in assigning these quotas to districts and sub-districts within this State.

In the apportionment of credits for volunteers furnished prior to October 1, 1863, there has been more difficulty. They should either be distributed pro rata throughout the State, according to the population or enrollment, without regard to what any counties or towns had in fact furnished, or specifically, according to what each locality had done, so far as could be officially ascertained.

Prior to October, 1863, the War Department kept no account except with States. The muster-rolls of mustering officers did not show the residence of the volunteer, and the Provost Marshal General, on the 18th of January last, informed you that the War Department did not propose the ascertainment of the number of volunteers furnished by each county in this State prior to October, as it kept accounts only with States, but added that if the State could show by its records what proportion each county or locality had furnished, that the War Department would adopt its apportionment, and that there was no doubt it would be more just and satisfactory to have these credits apportioned accordingly. On the 6th of August, therefore, the Provost Marshal General instructed the Acting Provost Marshal General of this State to apportion these credits according to the records on file in my office and his. The records on file in my office showed the county and State residence of our volunteers from the commencement of the war, and in most cases the town or post office address. These rolls were sent to the field in 1861, and filled up and returned, verified by officers in command of our forces and have been in use ever since. They were originally prepared to procure evidence of those who were hurriedly sent away in 1861 without rolls, and also to obtain local historical information. It was found that the post office address of the volunteers had been usually given instead of the town, township or ward in which they resided when they entered the service, and, therefore, the effect of making up an account by towns from these rolls would be to do great injustice to country towns where few or no post offices were located. A careful and thorough examination of these rolls in my office, and the muster-rolls of recruits since October, on file in my office, and also in the office of Lieutenant-Colonel Oakes, showed 174,171 prior to July 1, 1864, whose county residence was stated, and 7,007 non-residents and those whose county residence was not stated, making a total of 181,178, as appears from said tabular statement. The greater part, however, of the above 7,007 were non-residents of this State.

Under these circumstances the distribution has been made as follows:

All volunteers enlisted prior to October 1, 1863, whose county residence appears on the rolls, have been apportioned pro rata to the different sub-districts in each county according to enrollment. Non-residents and those whose county residence does not appear, have been apportioned pro rata to the different counties in the State, and then apportioned to sub-districts according to enrollment, except in case of four or five counties to whom specific credits were given to cover losses by enlistments from such counties in


other States, as appeared from written evidence presented. All receipts since October have been specifically credited to sub-districts according to residence appearing on the rolls, and in cases where no residence was stated they were divided pro rata as in case of enlistments prior to October 1, 1863.

That this rule of apportionment operates inequitably in many cases is undoubtedly true, and so would any rule except one made upon official data of the town or sub-district which actually furnished each volunteer. Such data are not in existence, and from a want of knowledge on the part of the War Department at the commencement of the war that a draft would be necessary to raise armies, such data or information is impossible to be had.

In many parts of the State great complaint is made on account of the manner in which the Congressional districts and counties are divided into sub-districts. The ninth section of the act providing for enrolling and calling out the National forces, approved March 3, 1863, required the boards of enrollment to divide their districts into sub-districts of convenient size, if they should deem it necessary, not exceeding two, without the consent of the Secretary of War. On the 21st of April, 1863, the Secretary of War directed the boards of enrollment, whenever they should deem it expedient, to divide their districts into sub-districts at the rate of one for each ward of a city, and, if the boards deemed it best, one or more townships of a county might constitute one sub-district where the population is dense, or a county might constitute a sub-district in sparsely settled regions. The object to be kept in view in making such sub-divisions was declared to be to insure the enrollment at the earliest date practicable. The most, if not all, the sub-districts in the State were made prior to May 1, 1864, when the Secretary of War again called attention to the subject and directed that each district should be divided into sub-districts, "at the rate of one far each ward of a city, and one for each town, township, precinct, county or election district of a county, according as one or the other of these sub-divisions will prove most convenient for the execution of the law." In most districts two or more towns or townships are included in the same sub-district, and as a draft, if made, will be made by sub-districts, it is to be regretted that sub-districts include more than one town, and that towns which have furnished nearly, and in many cases their full quotas, should be obliged to take their chances in a draft with other towns in the same sub-district which have done little or nothing in furnishing troops.

To remedy this state of things application was made by you to the War Department for a reduction of all sub-districts to towns, and the reply was received that it was now too late to change sub-districts for the impending draft, but that the subject would receive future consideration.

Frequent inquiries are made why the credits now given to particular counties or towns do not correspond with or exceed the number reported by the enrolling officers of 1862, as published in schedule "D" of my report of January 1, 1863. The answer to this is very plain. I did not vouch for the accuracy of that schedule. It was published as a return of enrolling officers, and its accuracy not endorsed. On the contrary, on page 40 of the same report it appears that the total number in service January 1, 1863, was, exclusive of eleven regiments of three months' men, 135,440, although the return of the enrolling officers shows only 115,123 in service. Neither the returns made by enrolling officers in 1862 nor since, are ever consulted in ascertaining the number of men furnished. From necessity they are inaccurate and unreliable, and beside, they are supposed to include all men in the service. The muster rolls alone determine the number for which we are entitled to credit, and none but three years' men are counted.

Another cause of dissatisfaction grows out of the belief that the enrollment lists are in many cases erroneous, and include hundreds and thousands of names of aliens and others not liable to do military duty, and that it is proposed to draft for all deficiencies in sub-districts, without regard to the deficit or the State. It is undoubtedly true that there are the names of hundreds, and perhaps thousands, upon the enrollment lists who are not liable to draft, and who, if drafted, are entitled to exemption. This is more particularly so in large cities, or those portions of the State of a large foreign population.


And yet it is also true that the law has for a long time invited an examination of these enrollments, with a view of having stricken from the list those not liable to do military duty, as well as for the purpose of causing the names of those omitted from the list, but who are liable to draft, to be added. I have no doubt that a thorough revision of these rolls before a draft, would give general satisfaction, although I think the injustice which would be done by drafting without such revision is over-estimated, for the quotas under all calls of 1864 are assigned and the credits apportioned upon the same basis, and therefore the practical difference or deficit in a case where the enrollment is believed to be too large, is less than I presume is generally supposed.

The ninth section of the enrollment law of Congress, approved February 24, 1864, provides that all enlistments in the Naval Service of the United States, or in the Marine service of the United States, that might hereafter be made by persons liable to draft, should be credited to the locality in which such enlisted man were enrolled and liable to duty, under such regulations as the Provost Marshal General of the United States might prescribe. Under this law no enlistments for the Naval Service made prior to February 24, 1864, nor those made subsequent to that date except they should be enrolled, were to be credited, and as most enlistments for the Navy were from a class of transient persons who were not enrolled, only 261 were reported as credited to this State prior to July 1, 1864. The eighth section of the enrollment act, approved July 4, 1864, provides that "all persons in the Naval Service of the United States, who have entered said service during the present rebellion, who have not been credited to the quota of any town, district, ward or State, by reason of their being in said service, and not enrolled prior to February 24, 1864, shall be enrolled and credited to the quota of the town, ward, district or State in which they respectively reside, upon satisfactory proof of their residence made to the Secretary of War."

On the 14th day of July, 1864, the Secretary of War appointed yourself and Lieutenant-Colonel Oakes a commission to ascertain and determine what credits the State was entitled to under this law, and in determining such credits, the Secretary of War stated that the residence of such recruits, in the absence of proof to the contrary, would be deemed to be in the State in which they enlisted.

In pursuance of the powers contained in said commission, reports have been received from the United States Naval officers at Chicago and Cairo, showing that the State was entitled to 1,174 additional credits. That number has been apportioned to the different localities of the State entitled to the same, and the Provost Marshals of the different districts notified accordingly. Investigations of this commission are being continued in the expectation that credits of several hundred more men will be secured.

On the 27th ultimo I concluded an adjustment with the Adjutant General of Missouri, for re-enlisted veterans whose original enlistment was included in our settlement in January last. It appeared from an examination of the rolls that 762 residents of Illinois in Missouri regiments have re-enlisted, and that 136 residents of Missouri in Illinois regiments have re-enlisted, leaving a balance in our favor of 626, which have been placed to the credit of the State, and the proper local credits given. Although those enlistments in the Navy, and re-enlistments in Missouri, amounting to 1,800, were prior to July 1, 1864, yet, as they have been ascertained since that date, they have been added to 141 musters made during that month, and passed to the July credits, making a total credit in July of 1,941. Enlistments during the month of August, of which rolls have been received, amount to 801, being a total credit for July and August of 2,742.

The total deficiency against the State, on the first of July last, was 16,182. The total deficiency, by counties, on the first of July, was 27,024. The total deficiency, by sub-districts, on the first of July, was 29,797. That is to say, the total quotas of the State is 197,360; total credits of the State to July 1,


181,178; total deficits of sixty-three (63) counties, July 1, 27,024; total surplus in thirty-nine (39) counties, 10,842; total deficits in various sub-districts, July 1, 29,797; total surplus in other sub-districts July 1, 13,615; leaving in each case a general balance against the State of 16,182.

The present credit of the State is 183,920, leaving a general balance against the State of 13,440. The total deficits of 62 counties is 25,043, and the excess of 40 counties is 11,603; and the deficiency of a portion of the sub-districts is 28,058, and the excess of other sub-districts is 14,618, leaving a general balance against the State, as before stated, of 13,440. It will thus be seen that although the credits of July and August are 2,742, yet these credits have, in fact, only reduced the deficiencies, by sub-districts, 1,739, and to draft for the full deficiencies in sub-districts (28,058) would be 14,618 more than the general balance against us as a State.

As no general settlement had been concluded with the War Department until the 6th ultimo, the apportionment could not be completed and announced until the 27th of that month, or only eight days before the draft was ordered to be made. Local authorities, therefore, awaited notification of their situation before offering local bounties to secure enlistments. And this, I think, is the principal reason why so few enlistments were made during the months of July and August. I believe with a few days extension of time before the draft, the balance against us as a State can be raised by volunteering, but I have no expectation whatever that the total deficiency by sub-districts can be raised in that manner.

In regard to drafting in the State for more than the deficiency, as such, I presume all citizens agree, and although a strict construction of the law may authorize a draft to be made in each sub-district for its deficit, without reference to the fact that other districts have an excess, yet it is not strange that the people of a State which, for the past two years, has furnished an average surplus of from 25,000 to 40,000 volunteers in excess of all calls, and which has sent to the field 183,920, and had, on the first of July, 35,875 of three years' men to answer against its quota of 52,057 one year men, will feel some pride of State and doubt the justice of being required to furnish 28,058 by sub-districts when there are only 13,440 against the State. And I therefore submit that though the law may require each sub-district to stand on its own account, yet it seems to me that the Federal Government can well afford to suspend the execution of such a power and give the State a reasonable time to fill balance of its quota by volunteering. Under all these circumstances I can not but believe your recommendations on this subject, heretofore made, will meet the approval of the War Department.

I have the honor to remain,
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Adjutant General.

SPRINGFIELD, October 21, 1864.

Colonel JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General, Washington.

COLONEL: Referring to your letter of the 14th ultimo, addressed to His Excellency, Governor Yates, I take the liberty to call your attention to an apparent discrepancy.

In a statement furnished June 11, 1861, by Major Thomas M. Vincent, A. A. G., of the calls made by the General Government, upon this State for volunteers, it is stated that the quota of Illinois under the call of July 2, 1862, for 300,000 volunteers, was 26,148.

In your communication, above referred to, you state the quota of this State (supposed to be for 300,000) for the draft was 36,700.

I would respectfully inquire what the quota of this State will be under the last proclamation of the President for "300,000 men,"

I have the honor to remain, Colonel,
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Adjutant General.


WASHINGTON, D. C., Oct. 21, 1864.

His Excellency, RICHARD YATES,
Governor of Illinois, Springfield.

SIR: I have the honor to inform you that Illinois' quota of the 300,000 volunteers called for by the President's proclamation of the 17th inst., is as follows: 1st District, 3,184; 2d District, 1,751; 3d District, 1,922; 4th District, 1,987; 5th District, 2,228; 6th District, 2,010; 7th District, 2 113; 8th District, 2,373; 9th District, 1,813; 10th District, 2,327; 11th District, 1,928; 12th District, 2,355; 13th District, 1,936. Total, 27,930.

Inasmuch, however, as there remains to the credit of Illinois 8,159 men, the surplus of her excess over all former calls, as compared with the quota due from her on the current draft, the quota named above (27,930), in case a draft is rendered necessary by a failure to raise volunteers, will be reduced by that number (8,149), that is to say, to 19,771, which number in reference to each draft, will be subject to a further reduction to the extent of all volunteers not hitherto credited, and such as may be raised in pursuance of the proclamation aforesaid.

If your Excellency thinks best to sub-divide the quotas herein assigned to Congressional districts, and allot proportional parts to smaller sub-divisions of your State, I would suggest that for harmonizing the subject of credits in drafts hereafter, you regard the enrollment of the first class, made by this bureau, as the basis of assignment.

The Provost Marshal General of your State, and the Boards of Enrollment in the several districts, will give you all the aid in their power in this and all other matters connected with raising troops.

I am, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant.
(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY.
Provost Marshal General


Adjutant Genera's Report — 1865.

SPRINGFIELD, January 1, 1865.

His Excellency, RICHARD YATES,
Governor of Illinois:

I exceedingly regret that on account of serious and protracted illness, from which I have but partially recovered, I am unable at this time to submit a biennial report of the transactions of this department from the first of January, 1863, to the present time.

There have been organized 138 regiments and one battalion of infantry; seventeen regiments of cavalry; two regiments and eight independent batteries of artillery. And there were issued prior to January 1, 1861, 8,757 commissions for volunteer officers, and since the first of January, 1863, 6,116, making a total of volunteer officers commissioned — 14,873.

The total quotas assigned to this State by the War Department, under all calls made prior to December 1, 1864, is one hundred and ninety-seven thousand three hundred and sixty (197,360). The total number of three years' volunteers furnished prior to January, 1863, and of which rolls and returns had been received, was one hundred and thirty thousand five hundred and thirty-nine (130,539). In a settlement I made with the War Department in August, an additional credit of fifty thousand six hundred and thirty-nine (50,639) for volunteers furnished between January 1, 1863, and July 1, 1864, was allowed, making our total credits of three-years' volunteers at that time, one hundred and eighty-one thousand one hundred and seventy-eight (181,178). Between July 1, 1864 and December 1, 1804, thirteen thousand and twenty (13,020) volunteers, and three thousand and sixty-two (3,062) drafted men, being 16,082 additional credits which have been allowed, and making a grand total of credits on that day of one hundred and ninety-seven thousand two hundred and sixty (197,260), being one hundred (100) less than our quota. This deficit has been more than balanced by enlistments in December, full returns of which have not yet been received.

Impaired health, and other official engagements make it my duty to terminate my official relations with the military affairs of the State, and I therefore have the honor to tender herewith my resignation as Adjutant General of this State, and I respectfully request an immediate acceptance of the same.

Returning you my sincere thanks for the honor conferred on me by my appointment to the responsible office which I have held during the eventful and trying years through which we have been passing, and in the hope that by a faithful discharge of my official duties I have merited and may retain your continued confidence,

I am, Governor, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Adjutant General.


Part II.





Resolved by the House of Representatives, the Senate concurring herein, That the Adjutant General of the State be authorized and required to make a full report of the records and transactions of his office, embracing therein the name, residence, date of enrollment, muster, discharge or death of every officer, soldier and marine of this State in the military and naval service of the United States, during the late war, with such other military information as may be of public interest.

Said report shall be published in size and style of a volume similar to those published by the State of Indiana, and that two thousand five hundred copies of the same be printed, under the supervision of the Adjutant General.

Resolved, further, That said report, so published, be distributed in manner provided by law, as follows: To the offices of each county clerk and each circuit clerk, one copy; to each public library in this State, one copy; to each member of the General Assembly and its elective officers, one copy; to each State officer of this State, one copy; to the Adjutant General's office of each State and Territory, one copy; to each State library, one copy; to the United States library, five copies; to the War Department at Washington City, fifty copies, and the remaining copies to be deposited with the Adjutant General, to be disposed of in sets, to soldiers and citizens of the State, at cost: Provided, That said report shall not exceed eight volumes, and shall not cost exceeding two dollars per volume.

ADOPTED February 16, 1867.



The delay in the publication of the Adjutant General's Reports, made to the Governor of Illinois, for the years 1865 and 1866, is justly attributable to the want of lawful authority to do so at an earlier day. Most of the other loyal States had made provision for such publication during the progress of the war, but no such legislative action had occurred in this State previous to the resolutions of the General Assembly of 1867, which authorized this publication. In the absence of such authority, I did not care to forestall legislative action, and assume responsibility in a matter involving so large an expenditure, where no legal obligation required me to do so. Since authority has been conferred to print and publish the reports, the labor of preparing the material and arranging the same has been prosecuted with all the clerical force authorized by the appropriation made for this purpose, and it is hoped now that at no distant day the entire report will be completed, as has been so long desired by the soldiers of the State.

It has been difficult, in many cases, and impossible in some instances, to procure full and complete records of each and every organization credited to the State. The fact that there existed no legal obligation upon officers in the United States service to make reports to their State authorities, left the matter of making such reports one of discretion, to be done or not, as the officer pleased. No penalty whatever could be imposed for a failure in this respect, nor was there then any present advantages apparent from making them, hence it may too frequently have happened, that in despite of the aid given the State authorities by the Federal officers, many important rolls, orders and documents, necessary to make our record here a perfect one, never have reached this office. In this way, if any soldier shall discover that his record is in any way defective or incomplete, he may account for the same, and rest assured that the records here in the office are precisely as published in these volumes, and that all their records, as set down here, are based upon official documents in the office, which, so far as the files here are concerned, remain uncontradicted at this date.

Another difficulty that I have encountered is in procuring reports of historical memoranda of the regiments. It will be observed that in many instances the memoranda of the regiments are not completed to date of final muster-out, and in some instances no historical memoranda at all is added to the rosters of officers. That this is the case is no fault of this office. Repeated and persistent efforts have been made, before and during my term of office, to keep the historical memoranda of regiments complete. In many instances, however, various causes combined to make it extremely difficult to obtain them, and since my report must necessarily have been compiled from returns and reports made to this office by commanding officers, their failure to return them leaves in many cases a partial history, and in some cases none whatever, of their regiments. No soldier or officer can regret this more than I do, for I had hoped to see full memoranda of each regiment, with accurate dates of its marches, sieges, battles and achievements, preserved for all time, and handed down to those who may come after us, as a monument to live long after the last of the grand army shall have passed away.


In making up this historical memoranda, great brevity has been found an absolute necessity. It could not be expected that anything like a history of each regiment from Illinois could be now presented, much less could it be published. No one now could write the history of one hundred and seventy-five regiments, and do justice to them, within the period of one official term. Moreover, to do so would be a departure from official duty, and an assumption of the office of historian; hence, a brief memoranda of the marches, sieges, battles, etc., with dates of the same, has been deemed sufficient to meet the wants to be supplied by this report, leaving to the historian to chronicle the story of their achievements.

With these explanations, feeling conscious that I have omitted no duty tending to complete and preserve a perfect record of the honorable part borne by the State of Illinois and her heroic sons in the late struggle for national existence, against the most wanton and causeless rebellion that ever occurred, this report is respectfully submitted.

Adjutant General of Illinois.
SPRINGFIELD, ILL., October 21, 1867.



SPRINGFIELD, January 1, 1866.

His Excellency R. J. OGLESBY,
Governor of Illinois.

SIR: I have the honor to transmit, herewith, my Annual Report of the transactions pertaining to the duties of the Adjutant General's office, for the year ending December 31, 1865, with the expenses of the same for said year, together with such statistics and information as I have deemed of interest to be known and preserved, in obedience to the laws of this State.

Very respectfully,
I am, truly, etc.,
Adjutant General of Illinois.



SPRINGFIELD, March 1, 1865.


The following appointments are announced as composing the staff of the Governor of Illinois, and will be obeyed and respected accordingly:

BRIG. GENERAL I. N. HAYNIE, Adjutant General and Chief of Staff.

LIEUT. COLONEL EDWARD P. NILES, Assistant Adjutant General.

COLONEL JOHN WOOD, Quartermaster General.




COLONEL D. B. JAMES, Aid-de-Camp.

Board of Medical Examiners:

DOCTOR DANIEL K. GREEN, of Salem, Illinois.

DOCTOR RUFUS S. LORD, of Springfield, Illinois.

By order of His Excellency, Governor OGLESBY.

Adjutant General.

COLONEL GEO. H. HARLOW, Assistant Inspector General. (Appointed Aug. 7, 1865.)


Adjutant General's Report.

SPRINGFIELD, January 1, 1866.

To his Excellency, RICHARD J. OGLESBY,
Governor of Illinois.

SIR: By the provisions of "An act to provide for the appointment and designate the work, fix the pay, and prescribe the duties of the Adjutant General of Illinois," approved February 2, 1865, the "Adjutant General's office," for the first time in the history of the State, became an organized department of the State government.

Previous to this date, the position of Adjutant General had been conferred by your predecessors, and the duties of the office executed under, and by virtue of, militia laws of the State enacted in the code of 1845, and acts amendatory thereof. Under these laws, however, no special duties were prescribed, or authority conferred, and until some time subsequent to the beginning of the rebellion, now so auspiciously terminated, the business as well as the records of the office was in an unorganized condition, without order and without system. Under the sudden impulse given by the rebellion to all matters of a military character, it became manifest that the office was to become, and indeed was at an early day, a State necessity, and its reduction to order and method a paramount duty.

On the 11th of November, 1861, Adjutant General Fuller, under the circumstances above indicated, assumed the control of the office and entered upon the discharge of its duties; and by the aid of his able assistants inaugurated and systematized the business of the office, until now it may be justly said to be a monument of industry and labor of which the State may well be proud.

In the midst of the varied duties of the office, constant attention had been given to the necessity of securing complete records of all the military matter that might in the future be of use to the soldiers of the State; and it is but just to say, that the office affords evidence in itself of the great success of those efforts. Nevertheless, whilst all this was true, the records and files of the office possessed no legal validity as records recognizable by the civil tribunals of the country, nor were the official acts of the Adjutant General clothed with the sanction and force of statutory authority. By the acts to which I have referred, however, all this has been remedied, and the records of this office possess, by law, the validity, force and effect of records of other departments of the State government. Previous to the passage of this act it had been your pleasure to tender to me the position of Adjutant General of the State, and I had, on the 9th day of January, informally taken possession of the office, my predecessor having before then resigned his position and the duties of the office having been discharged, ad interim, by my present Assistant Adjutant General, Lieutenant-Colonel Edward P. Niles.


By the provisions of the 9th section of the act to which I have referred, it is enacted that, "he (the Adjutant General) shall annually on the 1st day of January in each year, submit a written report of the transactions pertaining to the duties of his office for the preceding year, to the Governor of this State, with the expenses of the same for said year, in which he shall give all such statistics and information as may be deemed of interest to be known and preserved."

It affords me pleasure to comply with the above provisions, and in the subsequent pages and several schedules herewith presented, I have the honor to submit such "statistics" and "information" as I have "deemed" of the character indicated by the act.

On the 16th day of January I took formal possession of the office, and entered upon its duties. I did not deem it best at that time to make any changes in the subordinate positions under my control, and therefore left the several desks of the office in charge of those I found at them. As soon as I was authorized by law to do so, I proceeded to appoint my Assistant Adjutant General and Chief Clerk. Edward P. Niles had, since 1861, been the ablest and most meritorious employe in the office, and I deemed it but just to him to tender him the appointment of Assistant Adjutant General; the same was accepted by him, and since then no change has occurred. My first Chief Clerk was Joshua Rogers, who remained, until recently, in charge of that desk.

It was, however, early determined by me to secure for all the positions in the office — other than the one filled by Colonel Niles — men who had served honorably and faithfully in the cause of the country. I well knew that there were, all over the State, many competent and faithful soldiers, now out of employment, willing to accept positions, and it was deemed but just to provide, as far as possible, for them. In this I have been eminently successful. The four gentlemen now in charge of the several desks of the office have each done faithful service and won honorable distinction in their country's cause during the late contest; one as colonel of cavalry, one as colonel of infantry, one as captain and assistant commissary of musters, and one as regimental quartermaster of the 50th Illinois volunteers.


By Section 12 of the act of 2d of February, above referred to, it became my duty to provide a seal of office, no seal having before been authorized by law, or used in connection with the office. This I have done, and, as required by law, have filed "description and imprint thereof with the Secretary of State." It will be seen by reference to that section, that after said seal is provided, "all commissions and official instruments required to be issued or signed by the Adjutant General, and all certificates from said office, shall be sealed with his seal," and the same was made evidence of their legal force and effect "when they are in other respects in conformity with the laws of the State."

During the term of my predecessor, and whilst no seal was used in this office, it had been the practice to make up all the commissions here, and after being signed by the Governor and Adjutant General, to procure the seal and signature of the Secretary of State. After the seal for this office had been procured, I deemed it better, if it could lawfully be done, to dispense with the seal of Secretary of State to commissions. There was, however, a serious question as to whether a commission was of any validity unless sealed by the seal of State, as required in section 25, article 4, of the Constitution of the State of Illinois, and I determined to take the opinion of the best legal talent within my reach. The act of February 2d had been drafted to obviate this difficulty, among others, and the validity of the act, so far as it gave force to a commission, depended upon the question whether the power or authority to commission officers in the service of the United States was derived from the State Constitution or from the Federal Government. I had assumed


that the power was derived from the Federal Government, and therefore maintained the validity of the 12th section of the act of 2d February, 1865, giving validity to commissions issued and sealed with the Adjutant General's seal, without the seal of Secretary of State.

The able counsel to whose opinion I referred this question concurred with me, and since then the practice of the office has been in conformity with this view. I am satisfied of its correctness.


On the 16th day of January last, (1865,) your Excellency was inaugurated and assumed the executive duties of the State. The Legislature had then been in session two weeks, and much of the civil affairs of the State demanded immediate attention. Embarrassing as exigencies of this character ordinarily are in times of peace to those just assuming the discharge of so great responsibilities, the fact that we were far advanced toward the end of the fourth year of a great civil war, (the crisis of which, for National weal or woe, was known to be imminent, and the early results of which were looked for with extreme anxiety,) towards the success of which so many citizens of the State had enlisted, all of whose interests, as soldiers, needed to be looked after, rendered the position more embarrassing still. Add to this the further fact that a month previous to this period the Federal Government had issued its call for 300,000 additional men, and fixed the time for draft under said call on the 15th of February following, and the difficulties by which the incoming administration was environed, will appear not only to be anomalous, but of the most important and perplexing character. Still no time was to be lost, — action at once was indispensable, — for at that date it was understood that the quota of Illinois (not yet assigned) would have to be filled by the 7th of February, (then only twenty days distant,) or the draft would be enforced by the Federal authorities.

Great as these responsibilities were, and serious as were the obstacles to be met and overcome, it was determined to surmount them if in the range of human possibility, and thereby secure to the Federal authorities the ability to overwhelm the rebellion with the then impending blow. With this view, your Excellency, on the 17th day of January, issued the following proclamation, to-wit:

SPRINGFIELD, January 17, 1865.

To the People of the State of Illinois:
In obedience to the proclamation of the President, of 19th December last, calling for 300,000 volunteers to serve in the armies of the Union, I, as the Chief Magistrate of Illinois, call upon you to manifest once more your patriotism and devotion to the country by voluntary enlistments in the service of the United States.

Upon my request, the Secretary of War has consented to permit the organization of ten regiments of volunteers, for one, two or three years, to be credited upon the quota of this State under said call.

The time within which these regiments are to be raised, the manner of organization, place of rendezvous and equipment, you will learn by general orders from the office of the Adjutant General, herewith published, and all companies or regiments organized under this call will conform thereto.

The quota alloted to this State will be announced as soon as it is ascertained.

In appealing to you, I believe that neither the State nor General Government will ask in vain. At no time during the existence of this wicked rebellion has Illinois been behind her sister States in manifestations of loyalty and patriotism; and during the darkest hours of this contest, her sons, with a matchless heroism and devotion, have ever responded to the requirements of our National Executive. I feel that you will do so again; that those veterans, many of them my old comrades in arms, now at home, who have won


distinction upon many glorious fields, will come forward again to win additional laurels and add to their already brilliant achievements others no less brilliant; and that thousands of others, stimulated by their patriotic example, will turn from their ordinary vocations whilst their country needs their services and calls for their assistance.

The draft ordered by the General Government will take place on the 15th of February. You have until the 7th of that month to fill your quota by voluntary enlistment.

Let it not be said now, when our brave Illinoisans, under the gallant Sherman, have penetrated the heart of the rebellion, and our heroic and indomitable Grant is breaking down the very gates of its citadel, and the end of this rebellion, so far as we can see, is not distant, that at this hour Illinois has dimmed and tarnished her proud record by tardiness and inaction; but let her respond with men as true and brave as those who have shed such imperishable fame upon her arms.


At the time the above proclamation was issued it was believed that the number of troops to be supplied from this State under said call could more readily be procured by securing to those enlisting the opportunity to form new organizations. It was known that there were many officers who had served honorably in the Union army, and many privates and non-commissioned officers of merit, who, if allowed to organize companies and regiments, would not only re-enlist themselves, but would at once use every influence speedily to complete their organizations; and no good reason was perceived why this very worthy class of men should not be allowed the opportunity thus open to them. With this view, application had been made to the Secretary of War to permit ten new regiments to be organized and sent to the field, and the same was at once allowed. On the day of the date of the above proclamation, therefore, I issued the following order, to-wit:

SPRINGFIELD, January 17, 1865.


I. In pursuance of the call of the President of the United States, under date of 19th December last, for three hundred thousand (300,000) volunteers, one hundred companies of infantry will be raised in Illinois for government service, to serve for one, two, or three years, unless sooner discharged, as each recruit may elect.

II. Said companies to consist of one Captain, one First Lieutenant, one Second Lieutenant, one First Sergeant, four Sergeants, eight Corporals, two Musicians, one Wagoner, and not less than sixty-four (64) nor more than eighty-two (82) privates.

III. As fast as recruits are obtained they will be sent to the nearest or most convenient District Provost Marshal's office, where they will be examined by the Examining Surgeon, and if passed they will be enlisted and mustered into the military service of the United States and forwarded to the draft rendezvous at Camp Butler, near Springfield, Illinois, by said Provost Marshals.

IV. As soon as said companies have eighty-three (83) enlisted men, they will organize into a company, and such company officers as may be elected by the men will be commissioned by the Governor, unless good reasons exist for refusing.

V. As soon as ten companies are organized they will at once be formed into a regiment, and the field and staff officers commissioned by the Governor.

VI. Incomplete companies which fail to organize by the 17th of February next, will be liable to be consolidated with others similarly situated, and assigned to new regiments, or to fill vacancies in old regiments.

VII. Volunteers under this call will receive the bounty of $100, $200 and $300, for the respective terms of service of one, two and three years, as provided by the general government, one-third of which will be paid by the Mustering and Disbursing Officer when the company is completed. Each enlisted man will also be entitled to such county and township bounty as may be offered by the county or sub-district to which he is credited on the muster-in rolls; and the residence of the enlisted man, as shown by said roll, will fix the place of his credit on any future draft that may be made.

VIII. Every precaution should be used to prevent the enlistment of persons unfit for service from physical disability, or minors under eighteen years of age; and any officer who shall enlist a recruit who, on medical examination shall be rejected as obviously unfit for duty at the time of enlistment, will be liable for all expenses of such enlistment.


IX. It is earnestly recommended that all companies should be filled as speedily as possible to the maximum number (101 men), in order that the number required to be drafted may be reduced as much as possible.

By order of His Excellency, Gov. Oglesby.
I. N. HAYNIE, Adjutant General.

By reference to this order, it will be observed that instead of authorizing ten regiments to be organized, one hundred companies were to be raised. This plan was adopted with the view, first, of forming each successive ten companies into a regiment as soon as they arrived at rendezvous; secondly, to retain control entirely of each regimental organization, its officers, etc.; and thus avoid not only the delay that would occur if each set of officers had been selected and required to raise each ten full companies before organization, but would besides secure, in the opinion of the State authorities, the best men for field positions. Heretofore, in the organization of troops from the State, officers were often first selected and authority first given to them to organize companies or regiments, and whilst it was not generally difficult for one man of influence to raise a company, it became no inconsiderable undertaking to raise ten, and required much time and labor. But no delay in these organizations could be allowed, and it will be seen that this apparently unimportant modification of the practice heretofore recognized in the State, operated with astonishing success.

No sooner was it made known over the State that new regiments were to be organized, than numerous applications were received for authority to organize them as regiments. Specific authority, however, of this kind was continuously denied, and in no instance given; whilst every application for authority to organize a company was granted, unless the applicant had been disqualified by some disability to command the same; each applicant being assured, however, that his advancement and promotion depended, first, upon his qualifications, and next, upon his activity in sending companies into camp. At this period the ardor and patriotism of the people had been aroused to a wonderful extent. Everywhere the most enthusiastic spirit prevailed, and the gallant sons of the State poured forth to enlist in the cause of the country and swell the invincible armies already in the front. Under these circumstances, it was deemed best to establish two additional rendezvous for volunteers; one at Chicago under the command of Colonel John L. Hancock, and designated as "Camp Fry;" the other at Quincy, under charge of Major General Benjamin M. Prentiss, and designated as "Camp Wood." I, therefore, at once issued the following Order No. 3:

SPRINGFIELD, Jan. 19, 1865,

General Orders No. 3.

I. The following named camps are hereby designated as additional camps of rendezvous for troops now organizing under the provisions of General Order No. 2, current series, from these Headquarters, to-wit: Camp Fry, Chicago, and Camp Wood, Quincy.

II. All recruits or companies enlisted from the 1st, 2d, 3d and 6th congressional districts of this State, will be reported to and rendezvous at Camp Fry, Chicago, and Colonel John L, Hancock, of Chicago, is hereby appointed commandant of said rendezvous.

III. All recruits or companies enlisted from the 4th, 5th and 9th congressional districts, except those from Menard, Mason and Cass counties, will be reported to and rendezvous at Camp Wood, Quincy. General Benjamin M. Prentiss is hereby appointed commandant of said rendezvous.

IV. Recruits from all other portions of the State will be sent to Camp Butler, Illinois, the place of general rendezvous, as provided by General Order No. 2, from these Headquarters.

V. Transportation for men enlisted and mustered by the District Provost Marshals will be furnished by them. Transportation for all recruits within the districts which rendezvous at Camp Fry, not so enlisted and mustered, will be furnished by Captain C. C. Pomeroy, United States Mustering Officer, Chicago, upon application by the recruiting agents; and for all recruits for the rendezvous at Camp Wood and Camp Butler, transportation will be furnished by Lieutenant Colonel James Oakes, Superintendent Volunteer Recruiting Service, at Springfield, Illinois, upon application by said agents. In all eases of application for transportation, the agent will state the number of recruits, the place of destination and name of person in charge of recruits.

VI. It is advised that all recruits shall be taken to the nearest Provost Marshal, to be by him enlisted and mustered, and he will at once furnish transportation to the general rendezvous, as no credits for enlistments will be given, nor should local bounties


be paid until the recruits are enlisted and mustered into the service. District Provost Marshals will give receipts to recruiting agents for all such recruits brought by them respectively, and accepted into the service of the United States.

VII. Paragraph 3 of General Orders No. 2, current series, from these Headquarters, is hereby amended to conform to this order.

By order of his Excellency, Governor Oglesby.
Adjutant General.

The success of the measures adopted affords the best evidence of the correctness of the views entertained and acted upon. With so much harmony and rapidity were regiments organized, that many of them were on duty far towards the front before it was supposed to have been possible to have organized them.

By reference to the rosters of these organizations, many names before familiar to the service will be observed, and whilst I have, with much pleasure, issued commissions to meritorious officers for the first time entering the service, yet I confess it afforded me peculiar gratification to see many of my old comrades in service, who had won honorable distinction, and wore honorable scars, coming forward again to enter the army a second time, and receiving from the State authorities well-earned promotion. Such patriotic devotion should forever challenge the admiration and gratitude of their countrymen.

Early in February it was ascertained that recruiting was going on in all parts of the State so rapidly, that many more volunteers would soon be raised than could possibly enter the ten regiments. So gratifying were the prospects, indeed, that under authority received here from Secretary Stanton, the following orders were issued at their respective dates, and the draft, which was before fixed for the 15th of February, postponed temporarily:

SPRINGFIELD, Feb. 4, 1865.

General Orders No. 10.

By authority from the War Department, the time for recruiting for new organizations is hereby extended to the 15th instant.

Paragraph 6, of General Orders No. 2, current series, from these Headquarters, is hereby amended to conform to this order.

By order of his Excellency, Governor Oglesby.
Adjutant General.

SPRINGFIELD, February 14, 1865.

General Orders No. 17.

All persons authorized to recruit companies under the provisions of General Orders Nos. 2 and 3, current series, from this office, who have not already reported their companies as completed, may continue to recruit until their companies are filled, unless otherwise ordered.

By order of His Excellency, Governor Oglesby.
Adjutant General.

Under these circumstances, it became necessary to dispose of the men thus being enlisted, in some other manner, so as not to check or retard voluntary enlistments throughout the State. So far as could, at this time, be perceived, the next best plan to adopt was, since new regiments could not be organized, to continue the authority for companies to be organized, and in lieu of placing them in new organizations, to send them to fill vacant places in old regiments in the field. Authority for this purpose was, therefore, at once applied for, and, without hesitation, granted; whereupon the following orders were issued (No. 28):


SPRINGFIELD, February 20,1865.

General Orders No. 28.

I. Seven of the ten regiments of infantry, recently authorized by the War Department to be raised in this State, having completed their organizations, and the other three being nearly ready for organization, no other regiments will be organized in this State.

II. Authority has been received from the War Department to accept companies of infantry, to be assigned to old regiments in the field, whose regimental organizations have been reduced by consolidation. For this purpose, fifty companies will be received, and will rendezvous at Camp Pry, Chicago, or Camp Butler, near Springfield, Ill., as may be most convenient, to be assigned to such old regiments as the Governor may direct.

III. Company organizations will be the same as directed in General Orders No. 2. current series, from these Headquarters. Transportation to rendezvous will be furnished as heretofore.

IV. The companies authorized to be raised under this order must be reported to the commanders of camps designated, within twelve days from this date.

By order of His Excellency, Governor Oglesby.
Ass't and Acting Adjutant General.

SPRINGFIELD, March 6, 1865.

General Orders No. 46.

I. The ten regiments authorized to be organized in this State having been filled, and authority having been given by the Secretary of War to recruit other companies for old regiments in the field, it is ordered that all persons holding appointments from these Headquarters to recruit companies of infantry for United States service, and whose companies have not yet been reported as full, will continue to recruit until their respective companies are filled, unless otherwise ordered.

II. The misuse or abuse of authority obtained to recruit, from this office, will, in all cases, be regarded as good grounds for a revocation thereof. Recruiting agents should, with zeal and energy, and without delay, enlist the men required to organize their company, and as speedily as possible report the same to the District Provost Marshal, or at the general rendezvous, for muster.

III. It is gratifying to announce that the prospect of avoiding any draft in the State under the present call, is good. It depends upon the efforts of the loyal patriots of the State. Let them but respond hereafter as they have heretofore, and the honor of Illinois will be sustained.

By order of His Excellency, Governor Oglesby.
Adjutant General.

This course was continued subsequently, and acted upon until the 10th day of April, during which time fifty-one companies had been organized and assigned to old regiments in the field, aggregating in strength 4,764 men. The wisdom as well as the justice of these assignments of new men to old regiments has been abundantly vindicated by subsequent experience, for not only has the new recruit been enabled to become much more rapidly veteranized, much more speedily acquainted with the duties expected and required of him, but he has been allowed (by being identified with those organizations whose fame was historic, and whose names were synonyms for renown) to share the laurels already won, and indulge in the proud consciousness that henceforth the fame and just credit of his regiment was his. And not alone was the new recruit benefited. The increased number added to old regiments, reduced and decimated by all the vicissitudes of long and severe service, enabled many meritorious officers to receive merited promotion, which otherwise could not have been conferred, and, in this way, it is believed that these dispositions have been mutually advantageous, and eminently just to all, and at the same time, strongly tended to advance the public weal. The following order was, therefore, issued, and under its operation no more than the above new organizations were formed:


SPRINGFIELD, March 27, 1865.

General Orders No. 48.

I. All persons who have heretofore obtained authority from this office to recruit companies for the United States service, under general orders Nos. 2, 3, 28 and 46, current series, from these headquarters, will, on or before the tenth day of April next, report all recruits enlisted by them to the proper rendezvous at Camp Fry or Camp Butler, to be organized into companies by the commandants of said rendezvous, as provided in said general orders.

II. From and after the said tenth day of April, 1865, all authority to whomsoever granted from this office to recruit companies for the United States service under general orders heretofore mentioned, will be and is hereby revoked and annulled, and no exercise of authority after that date under the same will be recognized as valid or authoritative.

III. All enlistments hereafter made should be credited to the sub-district where the recruit resides and is enrolled, if liable to enrollment, and special attention is called to the requirements of the act of Congress of March 3, 1865, in order to avoid any injustice towards sub-districts and needless complications on part of recruits and enlisted men.

IV. The enforcement of this order will not prevent further volunteer enlistments into the United States service under the late call of the President of the United States, but such volunteers and enlisted men will not, after said tenth day of April, have the privilege of organizing themselves into companies and choosing their officers, nor can they be assigned as companies to regiments in the field by State authority.

By order of His Excellency, Governor Oglesby.
Adjutant General

After this order was issued, recruiting still continued throughout the State, until the 13th day of April, 1865, when, by order of the Secretary of War, recruiting ceased throughout the United States. Up to this period, the State had furnished, to be credited against her quota, under call of December 19, 1864, twenty-seven thousand nine hundred and ninety-six (27,996) men, as will be seen by reference to schedule filed here with, marked "G" [D].

The deficit of the State at this time, by sub-districts, was 5,715, and the excesses in sub-districts from which no quota was required was 819, which, when deducted from the deficits, shows really due from the State on this last quota, 4,896 men, and those would have been speedily furnished had not recruiting ceased, as above stated.


At the beginning of my term, I found already accumulated in the office a large number of trophies and flags, all of the latter greatly worn by service in the field, many of them riddled with the bullets of the enemy, and bearing other evidences of the courage and gallantry of Illinois soldiers.

I regard it as a duty due from me to the soldiers and to the State to preserve these sacred evidences of their renown by every possible care and precaution. The better to enable me to do so, I procured a large glass-fronted case to be made, the cost of which will be found in my exhibit of expenditures, and had intended depositing all of them within the same or similar cases. At this time, there were not exceeding seventy-five of them to be provided for. Soon, however, I discovered that there would be a very large accumulation of them, more than I could, in this manner, provide for in an office of dimensions not greater than the present one. I have, therefore, deposited them in the office, preserving them in the best way within my power, with the hope that legislative action hereafter may enable me to provide for all of them in such way as to hand them to posterity, whose rich legacy they are.

Most of them in the office prior to June 14, 1865, had been placed in the custody of the State by the several regiments who had borne them, accompanied many of them with requests that the State would take charge of them and preserve them as sacred trusts in behalf of those who had followed and fallen around them, and as the best testimony of the valor of her soldiers.

I am pleased to know that assurances to them have not been wanting that such should be the action of the State.


On the 14th of June, 1865, and soon after the disbanding of the army was determined upon, it was ascertained that a very large number of these flags were to be disposed of; whereupon the Secretary of War issued, through the Adjutant General, the following order:

SPRINGFIELD, June 14, 1865.
(By telegraph from Washington, June 13, 1865.)

To Brevet Brigadier General JAMES OAKES:
You are authorized by the Secretary of War to turn over to the Governor of the State, at such time as he may name, all regimental colors now in your charge, under section seven paragraph five, general orders ninety-four (94), current series. All colors hereafter taken charge of by you, will be turned over in like manner.

Please acknowledge this.
Assistant Adjutant General.

Official copy: Respectfully furnished His Excellency. Governor Richard J. Oglesby, for his information, and with the statement that I will be happy to turn over to him all regimental colors now in my possession, or which may be received by me, at such time as he may be pleased to designate.

Brevet Brig. Gen, U.S. A., Chief M. and D. O., Illinois.

Pursuant to this order, General Oakes has, from time to time, turned over to this office the flags and colors of the several regiments mustered out, as far as they have come to his custody, until now they number over three hundred, forming a collection unprecedented in the history of the State, and the preservation of which is well worthy the patriotism of the people.

I can not refrain here from again referring to their danger of loss by exposure to destruction by conflagration. On the 18th day of July, 1865, I had the honor to call your attention to this matter by a communication, a copy of which I take the liberty to insert below. Allow me to reiterate all that I have said in that communication, and to add that the conviction of the great necessity for some provision relative to this matter, adequate to secure their safety and preservation, has been continually strengthened.

Candor compels me to add that I have not thus alluded to this matter again, with a view of pressing it unpleasantly upon your Excellency, but my present purpose is mainly to place this matter where it will probably be brought to the notice of those who, at no distant day, can remedy the difficulty complained of, by providing adequate means for their safety.

Appended to this report, and marked as schedule "C," will be found a list of the colors and trophies referred to, and which, if preserved, will forever afford the most conclusive testimony — tattered, riddled by the enemies' shot, and worn by service as they are — of the invincible heroism by which the soldiers of the State have won imperishable renown.

SPRINGFIELD, July 18, 1865

His Excellency, Governor R. J. OGLESBY.

SIR: For some time past I have been impressed with the paramount importance of providing for the safety of the records, trophies and flags belonging to, and in custody of, this office. I have no cause of complaint whatever to make, so far as my convenience is concerned. The present office is comfortable and well arranged, everything that is desirable in this respect is provided. But the office is not a safe one. There are now ten large cases filled with papers, many of which, if lost, could never be replaced. There are many volumes of manuscript books, containing the labor of years, and tabular statistics of military history of the State which, if lost, can not be replaced. There are besides, more than one hundred battle flags of our regiments, every one of which is priceless, and of which all the wealth of America could never make a duplicate. Should they be destroyed, no wealth could compensate the State for them. The most priceless jewels that ever deck a crowned head, if lost, can be replaced; but these the brightest jewels of the State, made historic and inestimable by the blood and sacrifice of so many brave sons of Illinois, the mementoes and relics of so many brilliant achievements and great victories, if once gone are gone forever. As we are now situated, any day may witness such an event. We are surrounded by buildings, some brick, some wooden, and if fire were to occur, destruction would be inevitable almost. Safety can not be secured by any precaution we may take here. Under these circumstances, I submit to you, that if possible, arrangements be made to better secure these records, flags, etc.


It has occurred to me, that if the Supreme Court could be changed, so as to give this office the rooms now occupied by it, great advantage would accrue. The records of that court are not so voluminous as to prevent their removal in case of fire. Ours are. If their records were destroyed, it would at most only injure a very few litigants, who may be interested in the records. Here a whole State, nay, a Nation and people, would be the sufferers, and that, too, of an irreparable loss.

The rooms now occupied by this office were originally designed for the Supreme Court, and are well adapted for the same. They can be procured for that purpose at a reasonable rent as long as desired; and to avoid any objections made for want of appropriation to pay rent for rooms for the court, until the biennial session of the Legislature, 1866-7, I will myself procure them.

Under these circumstances, I submit to you that the public interests require this change to be effected, and I most respectfully request the same.

I am, very respectfully and truly,
(Signed) I. N. HAYNIE.
Adjutant General.


Great uneasiness is also continually felt with reference to the safety of the records and flies of the office. To attempt to estimate their value to the people of Illinois, would be vainly expended labor. Two hundred and fifty-six thousand men have entered the service from Illinois. Here in the records of the office — in the enlistment papers — in the muster-in and muster-out rolls — in the letters sent and received — in the record of promotions, and of gallant deeds — in the roster of officers — in the orders issued and received — may now be found the history of each one of that vast army. Those of that gallant host who yet survive have an estate in these papers that money can not purchase, and the loss of which can not be supplied. If this be true of them, who will undertake to estimate their value to the widow or orphan whose lives have been yielded to secure the unity of the Nation and the honor of the American name. And yet all these things are in daily danger of total destruction, and this condition exists with the full conviction that at present there is no remedy for it. I have endeavored to provide to some extent against this danger, by procuring and putting in process of completion, a set of records for the office, in which the most of the records now in the office that concern the soldier, can be transcribed and concentrated. By reducing my expenditures as much as it could well be done, I ascertained that funds sufficient would be at my command to procure the necessary books in which to enter up, not only the history of every organization, but of every man. I have deemed it greatly to the interest of the State, in every sense, to procure them and complete them. In this shape the records would not only be much more easily removed from the office, (and therefore more easily preserved,) but the entire record of each soldier would then be found at once without difficulty, and seen at a glance, whereas now it is only to be learned after searching through extensive rolls, and examining masses of papers and records and orders, beginning with the enlistment and ending with the muster-out. It will require no inconsiderable period of time to complete them, and will, during that time, necessitate the employment of more clerks than would otherwise be needed in the office; yet so firmly convinced am I of their utility, convenience and value, that I have not hesitated to assume the responsibility of the work. It has thus far progressed satisfactorily, and I hope, by an economy of labor in the office, to have those records far advanced with the means now at my command, by the end of another year. Nevertheless, it will be impossible for me to keep up the current business of the office, and complete them within my term, without further aid. To make up the records of one hundred and seventy-five regiments, in which is included the history of a quarter of a million men and more, and found in masses of papers and records running through four years and a half of war, is indeed a herculean task, requiring the most indefatigable labor, patience, industry and earnest zeal; yet I have deemed it best to inaugurate the work now, and will prosecute it with whatever clerical force I can spare from current business, with the hope that if my action shall be approved, future legislative aid may enable me speedily to complete so important a work.



As a part of the military history of the soldiers of this State, I present herewith a list of deceased prisoners at the rebel prison of Andersonville, Ga., captured from Illinois regiments. It was procured through the forethought and intelligence of Sergeant Major John H. Goldsmith, whose affidavit of the correctness of the same is attached, and is believed to be a faithful and correctly kept list of the martyr heroes who fell victims at this place to the atrocities practiced in rebel prisons by our infuriated adversaries. I have taken occasion to test the verity of this list in many ways. The attention of officers of discharged regiments and companies, here for payment, has been called to the list of men therein reported deceased from their commands, and in every instance they have confirmed the truthfulness of the list. Muster-out rolls upon which men not present for muster-out are accounted for, and lists of casualties returned to this office, have been examined, and they, too, confirm its correctness; so now that I regard the paper as worthy of full credit, and have, therefore, ordered it to be recognized as an official record of the office; and I desire to accord to Sergeant Major Goldsmith my thanks for his industry and forethought in making and preserving a record of so much value to the orphans and widows of the soldiers of the State. This list may justly be said to form the darkest page in the history of the rebellion.

Who can measure or imagine the atrocities which would be laid before the world were the panorama of sufferings and terrible trials of these gallant men but half unfolded to view? But this can never be done until new words of horror are invented, and new arts discovered by which demoniacal fiendishness can be portrayed, and the intensest anguish of the human soul, in ten thousand forms, can be painted. The civilized world will never cease to read with amazement the history of the cruelties invented by the ingenuity and zeal of religious bigots, and practiced upon their victims for generations; nor will it cease to wonder at the mysteries revealed in the history of the bastile, so long the prison-house of those whose delight was to scourge the human race; nor atrocities perpetrated in the black hole of Calcutta, or the merciless cruelties of the semi-barbarian Sepoys of India. Each of these dark pages have in their turn challenged the unutterable execration of mankind; but it remained, after all, for a civilized people, in the middle of the nineteenth century, upon the American continent, to advance in the refinement of human cruelty and the infliction of human suffering, to the boundary line of human invention, beyond which nothing but infinite power to torture or inflict can pass, — and this, too, for no other crime in their victims than that they loved the government of their fathers, and had followed the starry emblem of their nationality.

As upon every field, and upon every other page of the history of this war, so here, amid these tragic scenes, Illinois has borne her share. More than eight hundred names make up the awful column, which like a pyramid, extends itself, until the human mind, unable to comprehend the demonism that placed them there, sickens at its contemplation; and yet these men already seek the privilege of citizenship in this great government they tried in vain to destroy, and ask to be made again the peers of those patriots who saved it, and of the fathers, brothers and sons of those heroes they destroyed.

The names of these martyred dead are appended hereto, in schedule marked "N" [G.]


Anterior to my assuming the discharge of the duties of this office, some applications and conflicting recommendations for promotions in regiments in the field had accumulated, and were the first to claim my attention. It had been the rule of my predecessor (adhered to by myself) to order the promotions as a matter of course, without question, when the recommendation was in line and according to rank; but in conflicting claims or recommendations, no action was taken by the assistants in the office without the special order of the Adjutant General or Executive.


The serious affliction and extreme illness of General Fuller, during the last months of his term, rendered it impossible for him to give that constant attendance to daily duties of the office without which delays will unavoidably occur. In this way some commissions were delayed, by which meritorious officers were, in some instances, prevented from assuming the rank and command to which they were entitled, as early as they otherwise would have done. It became my duty, therefore, at the earliest period possible, to dispose of these cases and satisfy the parties in interest, and I at once proceeded in the efforts. General Order No. 43, issued by General Fuller early in his term, had long been the guide of the office. Seniority of rank was recognized by this order as the rule for promotion. Exceptions, however, were recognized in cases of special merit or conspicuous gallantry, in the applicant, or where special demerit and unfitness existed in the party superseded by a junior. Of the wisdom of this rule I have never entertained a doubt, and I have felt but very little inclination to depart from it in any case when the rights of an officer were involved who had done honorable service. My own experience in the army had taught me that each officer regarded his right to his rank and promotion as an indefeasible estate, so long as he honorably held a commission in the service, and in this view I entirely coincided. It was difficult for me to perceive the justice of retaining an officer in the service in a rank that, so far as was known here, he filled honorably for a long period, and then, when promotion was to be made, supersede him with a junior. Yet, the only cause of difference of opinion that has existed between myself and officers in the field, has grown out of recommendations of this character by commanding officers, who, I have but the remotest doubt, believed they were acting for the best interest of the service in recommending juniors for promotion. In a number of cases I have reluctantly yielded to the pressure of recommendations of this kind, but never without feeling a regret at what I feared might prove to be an injustice to some worthy officer who was without influential friends in the army to indorse and urge his claim.

In some of the States the Executives have adopted the same rule, and have adhered to it so closely as to require, in cases of conflicting recommendations for promotions, that the senior officer should be sent before a board for examination, and if found qualified, they have refused to supercede him. The absence of some tribunal of this kind, to which questions affecting qualifications of officers could be referred in case of difference of opinion between commanding officers in the field and myself, has been felt as a serious inconvenience, and but for the fact that the rebellion ended within a few months after I took charge of the office, some regulation of this character would have been established.

The rapid approach, however, of the period at which all the gallant officers and soldiers of the State were to be mustered put of the service and return again to the walks of civil life, rendered any innovation upon the old and well understood rule, perhaps unwise and impolitic; and I have, therefore, deemed it best to allow it to remain unaltered and in full force.


Deeming it my duty to take notice of all matters that affect the interests of the soldiers of the State, I have thought it not improper to call attention to what I regard as cases of injustice in the manner of paying off the soldiers of Illinois, and the causes of complaint which have from time to time existed.

The first class to which my attention has been called, has been soldiers who were discharged after the discharge of the regiments to which they belonged. In such cases, they have been paid up to the day to which their regiment had been paid, and have been compelled to lose whatever pay was due for the period of service between the date of the discharge of the regiment and their own discharge. It can be readily seen that in numerous cases this works serious hardships and great injustice. Every one at all acquainted with the service knows that men are constantly and necessarily detailed, by orders, for duty away from their regiments, at corps, division and brigade headquarters,


as clerks in quartermaster and commissary departments, in hospitals, etc., and when so detailed they are compelled to remain until relieved and ordered to join their commands. Whilst many have been thus away from their regiments, the latter have been mustered out, discharged and paid, leaving the detailed soldier still on duty and obliged to serve, or be disgraced if he refuses. Yet, for all this time after his regiment is discharged, he receives no pay, but is only paid to the date at which his regiment receives pay.

Another class of soldiers from whom complaint has reached me, are the veteran volunteers who enlisted under the provisions of General Order No. 191, of June 25, 1863, and the veteran recruits who enlisted under Circular No. 25, of 18th March, 1864, both from the War Department.

The third paragraph of General Order No. 191, provides that:

III. Every volunteer enlisted and mustered into service as a veteran under this order, shall be entitled to receive from the United States, one month's pay in advance, and a bounty and premium of four hundred and two (402) dollars, to be paid as follows:
1st. Upon being mustered in service he shall be paid one month's pay in advance $13.00
  First installment of bounty 25.00
  Premium 2.00
2d. Total payment on muster $40.00
  At the first regular pay-day, or two months after muster in, an additional installment will be paid 50.00
3d. At the first regular pay-day, after six months' service, he shall be paid an additional installment of bounty 50.00
4th. At the first regular pay day, after the end of the first year's service, an additional installment of bounty will be paid 50.00
5th. At the first regular pay-day, after eighteen months, another installment 50.00
6th. At the first regular pay-day, after two years' service, another installment 50.00
7th. At the first regular pay-day, after two and a half years' service, another installment 50.00
8th. At the expiration of the three years the remainder of the bounty will be paid 75.00

IV. If the government shall not require these troops for the full period of three years, and they shall be mustered honorably out of the service before the expiration of their term of enlistment, they shall receive, upon being mustered out, the whole amount of bounty remaining unpaid, the same as if the full term had been served.

These bounties and terms were offered to that class of men who had served not less than nine months, and could pass an examination required by the mustering regulations of the United States.

Originally, the time within which to enlist was limited to ninety days from June 25, 1863, but this time was afterwards extended by General Order No. 305, of 1863, so as to include all volunteers serving in three years' organizations who may re-enlist for three years or the war, in the company or regiment to which they (then) belonged, and who may have, at the date of re-enlistment, less than one year to serve.

All such, enlisting after the expiration of ninety days, were decided to be entitled to said bounty of $402. By Circular No. 25, of March 18, a bounty of $400 was also promised to every recruit who is a veteran volunteer, as defined in general orders for recruiting veteran volunteers, to be paid in installments; and a clause similar with clause IV, of General Order No. 191, was added to this circular of March 18, 1864.

The rebellion was virtually ended and the war closed by the surrender of Lee, in April, 1865, followed very rapidly by that of all other Confederate forces east of the Mississippi and within a brief period by the remainder. In the mean time the reduction of our own army had begun, under orders from the War department, based entirely upon the hypothesis that the war was ended, and the services of our troops were no longer needed or required. Patients in hospitals were mustered out; then soldiers whose term of service expired before October 1, 1865, were mustered out. Finally, the Army of the Potomac and the Army of the Tennessee were mustered out.

On the 8th of May, 1865, General Order 84 was issued, the first section of which is as follows, to-wit:


I. Veterans who enlisted under the provisions of General Order No. 191, series 1863, from this office, and extensions thereof, (G. O. No. 324 and 387 of 1863, 20 and 92 of 1864), and recruits (not veterans) who enlisted for three years or the war, under the provisions of the circular letter of October 24, 1863, are, on their honorable muster-out and discharge from the service of the United States, before the expiration of their respective terms of enlistment, entitled to the unpaid balance of the bounties promised them by the orders and laws under which they enlisted.

This order seems to have been based upon the opinion of Attorney General Speed, of May 16, 1865, (not published until June 10, 1865, in Order 111, War Department), in which he decides in conformity with the above quoted section of General Order 84, issued two days thereafter.

Notwithstanding all this, a portion of the men who enlisted under these orders promising bounties, have been and are being discharged without being paid the "unpaid balance of the bounties promised them by the orders and laws under which they enlisted." Many "veteran volunteers" and "veteran recruits," broken down in health by the long periods of services in the field, have, after the war has been closed, and even after their own regiments have been discharged and paid in full the balance of the bounty due alike to all, been discharged from the hospitals, where disease compelled them to seek refuge, and have only been paid the part of the bounty actually accrued and due. I have no means of ascertaining the exact number of men of this class, but believe it to be considerable. But whether few or many, good faith should be observed towards all those faithful men, and a liberal rule in their favor be followed in all cases where justice will not be infringed.

A third class of cases of hardship and wrong arises upon promotion being made from the ranks or from non-commissioned officers since March 3, 1865. As soon as a private or non-commissioned officer is promoted and receives a commission, his right to bounty as a soldier ceases, and he is required to refund $25 advance bounty; and if his promotion occurred since March 3d, he is not entitled to the three months' extra pay allowed other officers on muster-out and discharge. Thus, he has neither the rights of a private soldier nor those of an officer.

If, therefore, a sergeant is promoted to first lieutenant ten days before he is discharged with half his period of service elapsed, he loses the other half as bounty, gets in lieu thereof the rank and pay of an officer for ten days, without the extra pay received by the other officers. This is a hardship that ought to be remedied. The last class of cases to which I call attention is by far the most considerable, and, although of less consequence to the soldiers, has, in the aggregate, resulted in a greater wrong to the State, than any other before mentioned.

Previous to the 20th of November, 1865, under orders from Paymaster General, regiments arriving at the rendezvous in this State for payment, were only paid to date of their arrival, unless afterward their payment was "delayed" for some cause beyond the ordinary time of payment. Early after the reduction of the army began, I saw the hardship of this rule, and attempted to remedy it, but failed. I found that the rule originally adopted, and upon which troops were originally paid, was that organizations should be paid to date of muster out. Had the Federal authorities followed this rule, and discharged the soldier in the field and paid him his transportation thence home, no difficulty would have arisen. But it was soon found inexpedient to do so, and, therefore, the policy of mustering put regiments in the field and sending them to the selected rendezvous in their respective states for payment and discharge, was adopted. As soon, therefore, after this as a regiment was mustered out, it was put under orders to report in this State, either at Chicago or Camp Butler. In all such cases, a period of time, more or less in proportion to the distance to be traversed, necessarily elapsed after the muster-out and before their arrival at their State rendezvous. To compel the soldier to lose this time, and receive only pay to the date of his muster-out, was seen to be an injustice, and hence an order was issued to pay them to the date of their arrival at rendezvous, without reference to when they were mustered out. This order, to some extent, remedied the evil, but it was soon


discovered that its practical operation was to still impose upon the soldier a wrong and a hardship. Necessarily, delay would occur after arrival of these regiments, and before they could be paid. Many causes combined to make this delay longer in some cases and shorter in others; but that regiments should be delayed after arrival and before their payment, was seen to be inevitable. The rolls were to be examined, then signed by the soldier, then returned to the paymaster, and the accounts for payment made up. These delays protracted the stay of the soldier in camp from four to ten days, all of which, under the orders in force before 11th June, 1865, the soldier was compelled to lose. It was not his fault that he did not depart to his home at once upon his arrival; he could not go without his discharge and his pay and these he could not get until the Federal authorities gave them to him. To require him, therefore, to submit to loss of time after arrival and up to date of receiving his pay and discharge, was felt by the soldier to be a hardship and an injustice from the Government, from which he had the right to expect a more liberal rule.

To remedy this evil, caused by this kind of delay, the following order was issued by the Paymaster General:

WASHINGTON, June 11, 1855.

Pay delayed organizations to date when payment of it commences.

(Signed.) B. W. BRICE,
P. M. General.

As soon as this order was received by Major McClure, be, on the 16th of June, 1865, issued the following order to the several paymasters subject to his jurisdiction in the States of Illinois and Indiana, to-wit:

MAJOR: You will, in accordance with the above, and until further orders, pay all organized troops mustered out of service to the actual date of the commencement of your payment.

(Signed.) DAN'L McCLURE,
Chief Paymaster Dist. Ind. and Ill.

It would appear that an order so clear and explicit would not admit of more than one construction, and yet, strange as it may seem, such has been the case; and this difference in construction has resulted to the detriment of Illinois soldiers to the extent, it is believed, of a quarter of a million dollars or more; for, whilst in Indiana all organized troops mustered out have, since 16th June, been paid to the day on which payment began, in Illinois none have been paid to that date, except such as were, after arrival at rendezvous in the State, "delayed" for want of paymaster to pay them; and if there was any regiment paid here under this construction up to the day payment began, I have been unable to ascertain which one was so paid.

At sundry times complaints were made to me by the officers and men of several regiments, and I have, as far as was possible under the circumstances, rendered them all the satisfaction in my power. Not having such official connection with the paymasters of the United States army as entitled me to be furnished with orders issued for their guidance, it was some time after the above orders were in force ere I became advised of them, and of the different rules for payment under them acted upon in Indiana and in this State; nevertheless, when I did become advised of them, and after other efforts to remedy the wrong had failed, I addressed the following communication to Adjutant General Vincent, at Washington:

SPRINGFIELD, November 3, 1865.

Assistant Adjutant General, Washington, D. C.

COLONEL: I am informed that under the orders of Colonel Daniel McClure, Chief Paymaster for the District of Indiana, etc., all the troops from that State are paid up to the day of their payment, without regard to the time they report for payment and discharge. Under the orders acted upon in this State, the troops paid here are only paid up to the time they report for payment on their arrival here, while most always every regiment remains here in camp from five to ten days afterwards, waiting to be paid.


Now, this is an injustice to the troops of Illinois, and I desire, most respectfully, to know if an order can not be issued remedying this cause of complaint, so that all soldiers from the State of Illinois may be paid up to date of final payment the same as those of other States. Enclosed I send you a copy of the order referred to.

I have the honor to be,
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Adjutant General.

Assistant Adjutant General

By due course of mail, I received the following reply from General Vincent, Adjutant General, to-wit:

Adjutant General I. N. HAYNIE,
State of Illinois, Springfield, Ill.

SIR: I have respectfully to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 3d inst., relative to the final payments made Illinois troops on muster out.

In reply, I am directed to inform you that upon a reference of your communication to the Paymaster General, U. S. A., it was returned to the office with the following indorsement, i. e.:

"The printed circular of Colonel McClure, enclosed by the Adjutant General of Illinois, was undoubtedly the guide to all paymasters in that State after the date of its receipt. Therein it is directed to pay all organizations to the date when payment of it should commence. That is, that the entire of any organization should be paid to the same date, and that date should be the date when its payment commenced.

"Prior to the publication of this circular, payment by the order of the War Department was made to date of arrival at rendezvous.

"Afterwards, it is presumed that all were paid in Illinois and Indiana alike to the date of payment, as above stated.

"Certainly such was the case unless the circular had been disregarded, but Adjutant General Haynie seems to enclose the circular, and refer to it as evidence of the charge he makes, that the Illinois troops have not been paid by the same liberal rule that has governed in the payment of Indiana troops. It seems to me to be evidence of the contrary fact.

(Signed.) B. W. BRICE, P. M. G.
"P. M. G. Office, November 10, 1865."

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Assistant Adjutant General.

The above letter was at once referred by me to the senior paymaster at this rendezvous and his attention invited to the same, with the request that he "would advise this office whether any Illinois regiments had been paid up to the date of payment, and if not, to explain the reason in detail." Major Bridgman at once replied to me, stating that "delayed organizations had been paid to date of payment, but that others were only paid to date of arrival." Information so vague and indefinite as this was unsatisfactory. I therefore addressed another note to Major Bridgman, of which I insert below a copy:

SPRINGFIELD, November 17, 1865.

Your endorsement on my letter of inquiry is received. It is not as explicit as I could desire, and I therefore trouble you again. I am not aware as yet that any Illinois regiment has been paid here up to the day payment began, but I am advised that a class of this kind exists, to-wit: A regiment leaves Vicksburg November 6, arrives at Camp Butler November 13, reports to General Oakes same day, places rolls in your hands same day, five days or a week elapses while the rolls are being worked upon in your office, getting them ready for payment, and this brings the date of payment to 18th or 20th, yet the organization is only paid to the 13th, thus causing the soldier to lay here five to seven days without pay. I am informed that you do not hold that such a case can come within the order authorizing payment to the day when payment begins, and that, in such case, you decline to pay except to date of arrival. Is my information as to your construction of the orders correct?

The frequent complaints that are made here of this hardship on officers and men is my apology for troubling you so often.

Very respectfully,
Adjutant General.


To this communication I have received no reply, but in a personal interview had with Major Bridgman, Chief Paymaster, (under whose orders the other paymasters on duty in this State act) and after full expression of my views of the orders, and the endorsement of Paymaster General Brice, at Washington, it was agreed by Major Bridgman to conform to the construction of the orders acted upon in and for the State of Indiana, and pay the troops of this State up to the day of payment. Thus far, since the above conference (November 20, 1865,) such payments have been made.

It is to be regretted that this result could not be attained at an earlier date, for the reason that much the larger portion of our troops have been discharged and paid under a rule obviously unjust toward the soldier, and by the operation of which they will either be deprived of a part of their pay justly due them, or be compelled to procure it after long delay and no inconsiderable expense, and perhaps only after an act of Congress for their relief shall have been passed.

Annexed, in schedule "B," will be found the dates at which the several regiments were mustered out and arrived here for payment, in which the list of those paid between June 12, and November 20, will be seen.


On the 19th of December, 1864, the President of the United States issued the following proclamation:

WASHINGTON, Dec. 21, 1864.



[Calling for 300,000 Volunteers.]

Whereas, by the act approved July 4, 1864, entitled "An act further to regulate and provide for the enrolling and calling out the National forces, and for other purposes," it is provided that the President of the United States may, "at his discretion, at any time hereafter, call for any number of men, as volunteers, for the respective terms of one, two and three years, for military service," and, "that in case the quota, or any part thereof, of any town, township, ward of a city, precinct or election district, or of any county not so subdivided, shall not be filled within the space of fifty days after such call then the President shall immediately order a draft for one year to fill such quota, or any part thereof, which may be unfilled;"

And whereas, by the credits allowed in accordance with the act of Congress, on the call for five hundred thousand men, made July 18, 1864, the number of men to be obtained under that call was reduced to two hundred and eighty thousand;

And whereas, the operations of the enemy in certain States have rendered it impracticable to procure from them their full quotas of troops under said call;

And whereas, from the foregoing causes, but two hundred and forty thousand men have been put into the army, navy and marine corps, under the said call of July 18, 1864, leaving a deficiency on that call of two hundred and sixty thousand (260,000);

Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America, in order to supply the aforesaid deficiency, and to provide for casualties in the military and naval service of the United States, do issue this, my call, for three hundred thousand (300,000) volunteers, to serve for one, two or three years. The quotas of the States, districts and sub-districts, under this call, will be assigned by the War Department through the bureau of the Provost Marshal General of the United States; and "in case the quota, or


any part thereof, of any town, township, ward of a city, precinct or election district, or of any county not so sub-divided, shall not be filled" before the fifteenth day of February, eighteen hundred and sixty-five, then a draft shall be made to fill such quota, or any part thereof, under this call, which may be unfilled on said fifteenth day of February, 1865.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the Seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington, this 19th day of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-four, and of the independence of the United States the eighty-ninth.

By the President: WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.

By order of the Secretary of War:
E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General.
Official: Assistant Adjutant General.

Among the first and most important matters to which my attention was directed at the beginning of the year, was the filling of the then unassigned quota of the State, by voluntary enlistments, under the proclamation then in full force. It had been shown by the unpublished report of my predecessor that on the 1st day of December, 1864, the State, upon the assignment of quotas before then made upon her enrollment, was behind only one hundred men, (leaving out of view the 78,079 years of service yet remaining to the credit of the State, based upon the "period of service" of the three years' men). Between this date and the 1st day of January, 1865, this number of men had not only been supplied, but the official data in this office shows that we were then entitled to credits for 1,345 men against any quota assigned under the call for 300,000 men of December 19, 1864. The measures which had been early inaugurated by yourself, to stimulate enlistments were soon attended with the most wonderful success, so that from all parts of the State volunteers were pouring into the several camps so rapidly that the mustering officer could, with much arduous labor, scarcely keep pace with the demands made upon him. Districts, counties, cities and villages, were each vieing with the other in their efforts to send speedily to camp the men that might any day be demanded of the State.

It had been previously announced that under the President's proclamation, calling for 300,000 men, the actual number would be required to be sent to the field; but it being also well understood that all previous quotas were more than filled, with a large surplus in years' service, to go upon future calls, no apprehensions were indulged as to the ability of the State to meet any just demand made upon her people.

On the 24th day of January, 1865, the following dispatch was received from General James B. Fry, Provost Marshal General at Washington, by Col. James Oakes, Provost Marshal General of Illinois, and a copy filed in this office:

WASHINGTON, D. C., January 23, 1865.
To Lieutenant-Colonel JAMES OAKES,
Springfield, Ill.

The revised quota of the State of Illinois under call of December 19, (see proclamation of President, of date December 19, 1864) is thirty-five thousand five hundred and forty-one (35,541). The apportionment by districts will be mailed to you tomorrow. Notify Governor.

(Signed) JAMES B. FRY.


This quota had been ascertained by calculations made in the office of the Provost Marshal General, based upon a rule adopted there for the purpose, which is fully explained by the subjoined circular, addressed to Governor Miller, of January 12, 1865, and orders from War Department No. 22, of February 17, 1865:

WASHINGTON, D. C., January 12, 1865.

His Excellency, STEPHEN MILLER,
Governor of Minnesota,

SIR: — Your communication of the 3d instant, in relation to the quotas of the districts in the State of Minnesota, has been received, and in reply thereto I have the honor to state that the call of the President for 500,000 men, dated July 18, 1864, having been greatly reduced by credits on account of army and navy enlistments, which had not heretofore been credited, it became necessary to make an additional call for 300,000 men to make up the deficiency, and to preserve the present strength of the army and navy.

It was not expected that the call of July 18, 1864, for 500,000, would put that number of men in service, because the act of Congress under which the call was made directed that all enlistments made in the navy, from the commencement of the rebellion until the 24th of February, 1864, should be credited upon the quota, and these, with other equitable claims for enlistments not previously credited, reduced that call and rendered necessary the one of December 19, 1864, for 300,000.

The object, therefore, of the last call is to put 300,000 men in the service. Whether they are enlisted for one, two or three years, they will be counted as units in filling the quota, and the excess or credit which any locality may be entitled to on account of filling its quota with three years' men will be estimated in the assignment of future quotas, should there be another call, upon the same principle that has varied the quotas under the present call, because some localities have filled their quotas under the call of July 18, 1864, with three years' men, and others with one year men. It will be observed that the numbers of men to be furnished under the present call are not in proportion to the population of States or districts, nor to the number enrolled. Had all localities filled the call for 500,000 with three years' men, or all one year's men, or all in the same proportion of both, the number of men to be furnished under the present call would be in proportion to the number enrolled, and approximate three-fifths of the quota under the call for 500,000, varied only to correspond with the changes in the enrollment, as revised and corrected.

But as it would be unjust and illegal to require a district which had filled its quota under the last call with three years' men to furnish as many men under the present call as an equal district which had filled its quota under the last call with one year's men, the former having furnished three times the number of years of service which the latter had furnished, it became necessary to estimate the number of years of service which each State, district and sub-district had furnished respectively, so that in ascertaining the required number for each district, in order to obtain three hundred thousand men, each locality would receive full credit for the number of years of service furnished under the last call, or excess carried forward and credited upon that call, previous calls being filled with three years' men, or enlistments reduced to a three years' basis.

The call of December 19, 1864, having been made to make up deficiencies under the call of July 18, 1864, it is not to be expected that the number of men required from localities will correspond with the number enrolled, or their quotas under the call for 500,000. In order, therefore, to ascertain what number of men is due from a given district, we must look to what it actually furnished under the call of July 18, instead of what it was required to furnish. Thus, where two districts, having the same enrollment, were required, under the call of July 18, 1864, to furnish two thousand men each, and one actually furnished but one thousand men, while the other filled its quota, it would not be lawful for the latter district, which had put two thousand men in the service, to be required now to furnish the same number as the former, which had furnished only one thousand.

But suppose that both of the above districts had filled their quotas, the former with one year's men, and the latter with three years' men; the one furnishing 2,000 and the other 6,000 years of service. Now, as the law provides that quotas shall be assigned "among the districts of the several States, considering and allowing for the numbers already furnished as aforesaid, and the time of their service," in assigning a quota under a call to make up deficiencies, the deficiency of years' service, as well as the deficiencies in number, are to be estimated, and the quotas varied accordingly.

As before said, the object of the present call is to raise 300,000 men, and they will be required from the different localities in proportion to the number enrolled, and the number which such localities were deficient, or in excess, under the call for 500,000.

This principle was announced from the Provost Marshal General's bureau, when the quotas under the call for 500.000 were announced, or about that time (see opinion of solicitor of War Department herewith), and the benefits that would result from three years' enlistments, and the law governing the subject, explained. To secure three years' men, the Government offered three hundred dollars bounty, and paid but one hundred dollars to one year's men; municipal authorities generally contributed local bounties in similar proportion.

The law having provided that the periods of service heretofore furnished should be considered in assigning quotas, the question then to be determined is, at what time shall the credit be applied?

As it is impossible to follow the fortune of each individual soldier, and reckon the period of his actual service, it follows that either the credit for the period for which they enlist should be given when the men enter the service, or withheld until the expiration of the three years' term.


The rule has always been, under all calls, that when a soldier is accepted into the service he is received and credited for the term of his enlistment or draft, the government taking the responsibility that he will serve for the full period of his enlistment, and in no case has any locality been called upon to replace men lost to the service by death, disability or desertion. Enlistments for six months, nine months, one and two years, under former calls, were counted as of that term, on entering the service, and as such, reduced to the three years' basis.

The period of service is reckoned as a unit, having no fractional parts so far as credit is concerned; a soldier who enlists for three years, and dies or is discharged at the end of twelve months, is credited to his sub-district as a three years' man; and the man who enlists for one year, and is discharged in a week after enlistment, is credited as a one year's man. To await the expiration of three years, that is until the service had been rendered, would defeat the object of the law, and would probably delay the draft until after the close of the war. It must follow, then, that the amount of credit to be given is, and always has been, dependent upon the period for which the soldier enters the service. When a district presents an acceptable recruit for three years, and he is received as such by the government, that district has done all it can do in the premises, and the government takes the responsibility that the soldier will serve his term of enlistment. This being admitted, the time to apply the credit, or to take into account the amount of credits to which the district is entitled, is when a settlement is made with all the districts, with a view to assigning quotas under a new call. This follows, not merely as a matter of convenience in computation, but as a matter of necessity, in order to do exact justice to all the different states and districts, and, moreover, is in exact accordance with the terms of the statute, which provides that "in assigning to districts the number of men to be furnished therefrom, the President shall take into consideration the number of volunteers and militia furnished by and from the several States in which said districts are situated, and the period of their service, since the commencement of the present rebellion, and shall so make said assignments as to equalize the numbers among the districts of the several states, considering and allowing for the numbers already furnished as aforesaid, and the time of their service."

And again, section 2d, act of February 24, 1861: "That the quota of each ward of a city, town, township, precinct, or election district, or of a county, where the county is not divided into wards, towns, townships, precincts, or election districts, shall be, as nearly as possible, in proportion to the number of men resident therein liable to military service, taking into account, as far as practicable, the number which has been previously furnished therefrom.

I have the honor to enclose a copy of circular No. 1, of 1865, which provides that the quotas assigned under the call of December 19, 1864, for 300,000 men, are not to be reduced, except by actual enlistments since the 19th of December, 1861. The rule in applying credits is that they should be deducted from the quota of the call that produced them. All men raised since the call of July 18, 1864, are credited upon the quota under that call; if the quota is more than filled, it is carried as excess to the credit of the locality, and taken into account in the assignment of the quota under the call of December 19, 1864, and Provost Marshals are instructed that in determining the quotas of sub-districts, under the present call, they will apply such excess accordingly; and all men raised since December 19 are, of course, credited upon the call of that date.

In crediting the excess that is carried forward from the call of July 18, 1864, and applied to the call of December 19, 1864, I consider not only the number of men of which the excess is composed, but also the period of their service; and the quotas assigned under the call of December 19 are thus reduced by this excess of service, and hence they should not be further reduced, except by enlistments subsequent to December 19, 1864, the date of the call for 300,000 men.

The credits to the State of Minnesota (under the call of July 18, 1864), up to Nov. 30, 1864, show that the men furnished for one year, was 2,685; for two years, 204; for three years, 61; a very large proportion, as will be observed, being one year's men. The excess of credits on the 1st day of August was 1,407, of which the first district is credited with 1,037, and the second district with 370; and credit has been given for three years' term of service on each unit. The first district furnished 1,859 more years of service than the second district, and consequently the larger number to be furnished under call of December 19, falls on the second district. If there is any error in these figures, I shall be happy to correct it when pointed out.

Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed.) JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.

WASHINGTON, February 17, 1865.


The following report of the board appointed by the President of the United States to examine and correct the quotas of the several states and districts, under the call for volunteers of December 19, 1864, is published for the information of all concerned:

WASHINGTON, D. C., February 16, 1865.

His Excellency, ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
President of the United States, Washington, D. C.

SIR: The board convened by the following order:


"Whereas complaints are made in some localities respecting the assignments of quotas and credits allowed for the pending call of troops to fill up the armies; now, in order to


determine all controversies in respect thereto, and to avoid any delay in filling up the armies, it is ordered: That the Attorney General, Brigadier General Richard Delafield, and Colonel C. W. Foster, be and they are hereby constituted a board to examine into the proper quotas and credits of the respective states and districts under the call of December 19, 1864, with directions, if any errors be found therein, to make such corrections as the law and the facts may require, and report their determination to the Provost Marshal General. The determination of said board to be final and conclusive, and the draft to be made in conformity therewith.

"2. The Provost Marshal General is ordered to make the draft in the respective districts as speedily as the same can be done, after the 15th of this month.


have respectfully to report as follows:

The call for 400.000 men, made by the President on the 19th of December, 1861, requires that that number shall be raised.

But the law requires that the number of men previously furnished by different localities, and the periods of their service, shall be considered, so as to equalize the draft.

The number of men liable to military duty is to be determined by the enrollment lists.

The number of men which had been furnished by the various localities, and their periods of service, were ascertained, and previous accounts having been adjusted, the excesses, where they existed, were carried forward under the last draft.

The amount of service furnished is determined by multiplying the number of men raised by the number of years for which they enlisted:

Having thus ascertained the number of men enrolled on the 31st day of December, 1864, the number of men furnished up to that date, the localities from which they come, and the periods of their service, it is proposed to distribute the call for 300,000 men among the several districts and parts of districts, according to the number enrolled in each, and the number of men furnished, and the periods of service previously rendered by each.

The rule by which this is accomplished is as follows:

Take the whole number of years of service furnished by the districts of the United States from the commencement of the rebellion to the 31st of December, 1864. From that sum deduct the whole number of men furnished from all the districts of the United States up to that date. The remainder will be the excess of years of service furnished by all the districts. Multiply the Call of December 19, 1864, by three to have the number of years of service upon that call, and to this add the excess as ascertained above. Then, as the number of men enrolled from the whole United States, up to the 31st of December, 1864, is to the period of service, as above ascertained, so is the number of men enrolled in a given district to the number of years service it is required to furnish, including its pro rata share of the excess.

From this sum deduct the actual excess the district furnished; the remainder is the number of years of service which the district is required to furnish under the call of December 19, 1864, which divided by three, gives the number of men required from the district.

As this call is for 300,000 men, that number can not be reduced by men going in for a period longer than one year. Inequalities produced by men going in under this call for longer periods than one year must be equalized on future calls.

It will be perceived that though the aggregate of the excess furnished is added to the whole call, the excess of each district is afterwards subtracted from its quota. Thus the number of men called for is neither increased nor diminished, but equality produced, considering the number of men and the periods of their service. Localities which have heretofore furnished a greater amount of service have, in proportion to their enrollment, a less amount to furnish under this, and e converso.

Men having heretofore enlisted for one, two or three years, it was necessary to take one of those periods as the basis of the calculation. As three years embraced both the other periods, it makes the calculation more simple to adopt that. The same result would be arrived at by adopting either one or two years as the basis, but the process of calculation would be more complicated.

Such we find to be the rule adopted by the Provost Marshal General. The rule is in conformity with the requirements of the laws of Congress, and is just and equitable.

We have carefully examined and proved the work done under this rule by the Provost Marshal General, and find that it has been done with fairness.

We file in the Provost Marshal General's office our calculations of the quota of each and every district indorsed by us as correct.

Attorney General of the United States.

Brig. Gen. and Chief Eng., U. S. A.

Calonel, and Ass't Adjutant General.


Approved February 17, 1865.
By order of the Secretary of War.

E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General.

Official: Assistant Adjutant General.


The unexpectedly large demand for troops surprised all, and few could be made believe that there was not an error somewhere in calculations producing such a result. Within a brief period the assignment of district quotas throughout the State was made, and here again, was a surprise no less startling than the assignment of the original quota. By the latter part of January, and early in February, complaints from all parts of the State began to be forwarded to this office, and I became satisfied that not only was there good cause of complaint on the part of many sub-districts, but that it was an utter impossibility to procure the quotas assigned from some of them. It was not an unusual thing for evidence to be laid before me that the quota required from a sub-district was larger than the number of all the men in the district actually liable to draft; and in one instance I now remember, the quota assigned not only required every man of the sub-district to go, but three besides; but in this case, the unflinching patriotism was still equal to the demand, for great as they felt the injustice to be, they yet filled their quota by raising the money and actually sending a substitute for every able-bodied man in their sub-district and three besides. The agent sent here by this sub-district, however, remarked at the time that he thought "it was pretty tight papers," and in this I agreed with him. I may add that this sub-district (although the only one so situated that it filled its quota) was not by any means the only sub-district so situated in the State, and that had to submit to "pretty tight papers," whilst almost every county in the State (with but few exceptions) felt what was recognized to be true here, that their quotas were onerous beyond all former precedent. Under these circumstances, it became indispensable to appeal to the authorities at the Federal capital for relief from what was regarded by all as an error somewhere greatly to the prejudice of the State and resulting in an increase of the quota demanded from it, not justified by the real true condition of the people, for it was a manifest fact that upon no hypothesis could a quota be correct and just that required from any sub-district more men than were actually to be found within its limits. In the midst of the busiest part of the session of the legislature it was impossible for your Excellency personally to visit Washington, and with the large and constantly increasing number of recruits pouring into the several camps of the State, to be organized into regiments and sent to the field, it was equally impracticable for myself to go. It was therefore deemed best to procure the services of Major Wait, canal trustee of the State, well known to possess the confidence of yourself and of this office, and have him repair at once to Washington and confer fully and freely with the Provost Marshal General, and ascertain, if possible, the basis upon which this quota was assigned. Major Wait, therefore, did proceed to Washington, charged with this important duty. On his arrival, he had several interviews with the Provost Marshal General (Fry). Whilst this visit was not wholly unattended by good results, the main object for which he was sent was not accomplished. A full report of his efforts, and what was accomplished, will be found below, in a letter which was written by him at the time, and which I herewith submit as a part of the history of this important matter. The letter was received here February 5th.


WASHINGTON, January 30, 1865.

Governor OGLESBY:
I telegraphed you this day "our quota can not be reduced. Full credits are given. All three years' men are counted same as three one year's men. General Fry informed me Haynie started this morning for Washington. Shall I stay till he comes?"

I went this morning with Governor Yates to see General Fry. Yates had left your communication to Secretary of War with General Fry on Saturday, to which Fry was to have given an answer in writing. Yates stayed but a moment after introducing me.

General Fry stated to me that your communication did not require an answer, as the matter was fully explained in his communication to the Governor of Minnesota, of January 12, 1865, and in the opinion of Solicitor Whiting, of August 1, 1864, both of which had been sent you. I replied that you had received one copy of each of the above, and neither you nor General Haynie were able to understand from either of them how Illinois should under the present call for 300,000 men, be required to furnish over 35,000 men, when, on the first of July last, to answer future calls, she had an excess of 35,000 three years' men, and after getting credit for these as one year's men, she had filled her quota under the late call for 500,000 men, and what you asked for the State was that she should, under this last call, be credited in full for the remainder of the term of these 35,000 three years' men. You asked only what you thought was right, and only for such credits as were contemplated


under the law and actually due the State. Pry replied, "that is just what I have done in making up your quota. I have given you full credits for all your men in the service up to the 1st of January, each three years' roan counting same as three one year's men, and each two years' man counting same as two one year's men." He asked me if I had his letter to the Governor of Minnesota, and Solicitor Whiting's opinion. I told him I had not. He then gave me a copy of each. I looked at them, and stated that I had seen them before, but could not understand from them how our excess of over 70,000 years of service, after filling the last draft, should under this call for 300,000, be completely extinguished, and in addition thereto, the State required to furnish over 35,000 one year's men. I told him I had not studied the circular much, but that you and Haynie had, and that if he would explain to me so that I could understand the matter, and fully appreciate, as he did, that full justice had been done the State, I could explain the matter so that it would be satisfactory to you. It was then ten o'clock, and he told me to call at one o'clock, and the necessary explanation would be given. I called at the appointed time, and was introduced and referred to Captain Scott, who proceeded to give me the required information, as follows:

1st. This draft differs from all of its predecessors. What the government is going to have is 300,000 new men in the service. Instead of calling for a million or two of men, and afterwards reducing the call by credits to 300,000, the call is for just the number of men required, all credits being given to States and districts in the Provost Marshal General's office before the call is made and quotas assigned. To ascertain this, the excess of years of service of all the States above previous calls, is added to the 300,000 now called for, multiplied by three — for instance:

Excess of Maine in years 60,000
" Massachusetts in years 120,000
" New York in years 180 000
" Illinois in years 140,000
Total years of service in excess of former calls, say 500,000
300,000 call, multiplied by 3 900,000

As the enrollment of the Union is to the gross quota of the Union, so is the enrollment of each State to its quota, from which should be deducted the excess of years of service, and the remainder, divided by three, will give the net quota of the State. I thought when I started to write the above I had the enrollment of the Union, but I have not. I have of our State, however, and I will give you the formula as between the State and one of the districts, taking the Chicago district:

Enrollment of State. 290,218: Gross quota of State. 177,514: Enrollment of Dist. 34,827: Gross quota of Dist. 21,304
Less excess of years     11,480
Divided by 3     9,827
Gives net quota     3, 274

I think I understand the principle by which our quota is obtained, and it looks to me as though it must be right, provided other States have not got more than their just credits, (and of which, of course, we can not question) and provided, further, Illinois has all hers.

Illinois is credited with total years of service 122,946
Less quota of July 18, 1864 52,057
Excess in years 70,889
Gross quota of State 170,574
Deduct excess 70,889
Divided by 3 106,685
Gives net quota 35,561

I obtained the credits from Provost Marshal General due from July 18, to December 1, as follows:

One year's men 14,482
Two " 535
Three " 2,323

General Haynie telegraphed me only 16,780, from July 1, 1864, to 1st January, 1865. We gain by taking Provost Marshal's statement.

I understand at the Provost Marshal's that our credits of years of service were obtained as follows:

1st July, 1864, 35,875 three years' men 107,625
One year's men, enlisted since July 18 14,482
535 two years' men 1,070
2,323 three years' men 6,969
Making total credits (years) 130,146


But you will see it gives more than they have given us credit for. I will call tomorrow and have this explained, or rectified, if an error, and, if I have the correct understanding of the matter, get the credits for 1st to 18th July last, if any, and will write you tomorrow. I think I have explained how our quota is ascertained, and why it differs so much and is so largely in excess of what we supposed it would be, as fully as I can by letter. I trust you may understand it. I think ample justice is done the State, after the error, which I suppose has occurred, spoken of above, is rectified, or the matter otherwise explained. I have not made application yet about the Chicago volunteer substitute matter; will do so today if I have time; it will give me a chance to see the Secretary of War, and be referred back again to Fry, whose opinion I know already, which is adverse to the request.

How the credits of the different districts should be different in the office of the Adjutant General of the State from what they are in Fry's office neither he nor I can tell here, and Fry says he does not care which you adopt, so that he gets the State quota filled he is satisfied.

Yours truly,
(Signed), S. WAIT.

It will be seen that Major Wait refers to a supposed error in the calculation of credits due the State. It is due to him to say that he did subsequently call the attention of General Fry to this matter; and by some cause, the explanation of which has never been made fully to the office, an additional credit on the State quota was made of 2,649, thus reducing the quota thereafter demanded from the State, from 35,541 to 32,892.

The above report was submitted by Maj. W. on the day of his return to this city from Washington, Feb'y 5th. In the meantime, complaints from the people continued to be made; among the most important of which, deserving to be mentioned, was that of Chicago. The quota of that city had, after several attempts at its correct adjustment between the Provost Marshal General and the State Provost Marshal (Colonel Oakes,) been finally settled at 5,202; originally, it had been made, as stated by Maj. Wait, at a smaller number; but this was discovered to be an error in calculation, no satisfactory explanation of which has reached this office. Subsequently, another plan of distribution of the quota by congressional districts, counting them as the unit, and distributing to each district, from the Provost Marshal General's office, its quota of the 32,892, was adopted. This gave to Cook county her quota as 6,246, whilst to the 11th district it gave only 118 as its quota, and left the 13th district not only no quota, but in excess of all calls 2,201. Notwithstanding these results, it was well known, both in General's Oakes' office and here, that in the 11th and 13th districts there were many sub-districts largely in deficit and liable to draft, which nevertheless, by the large excesses in other sub-districts of their district, would not be called upon for a single man, if this plan of distribution to congressional districts was adhered to, thereby throwing the quotas which should justly be supplied from those sub-districts, upon other congressional districts, and to their extent enlarging their burden. It will be at once perceived that this would be unjust, and I believe it was so regarded by General Oakes; and it was believed by that officer that the correct plan of distribution was not to distribute to large districts, and thereby protect its sub-districts largely in deficit from any quota, but to distribute to each sub-district its own quota, taking its own enrollment, deficit or excess, as the basis, and thus require every sub-district of the State to contribute directly to the State its just quota. This plan was finally adopted by the Provost Marshal General of the State; and whilst I do not, as Adjutant General of the State, assume to control, advise or direct General Oakes in this matter, it is due to him to say that no good reason could be seen, or was urged against its adoption, and I may here add, that in all I have seen of General Oakes, he has not only been untiring in his labors, but has manifested the most laudable determination to do equal and exact justice, as far as was in his power.

It was, by this arrangement, distributing to sub-districts, that Cook county had her quota reduced from 6,246 to 5,202; and if this course resulted in giving to Cook county too large a quota, (as I feel sure it did,) it was to be attributed, not to errors or miscalculation here, but to the erroneous enrollment of the county and State, and the large quota thereby settled upon the State, together with such errors as may have existed elsewhere, if any so existed.


Thus were matters situated, when, on the 15th day of February last, a large committee of the most prominent citizens of Chicago, met your Excellency at this office to present their protest and remonstrances against the quota of their county and city.

It was insisted that the enrollment of the county and city was excessive, and the cause of their excessive quota; and that it was in the power of the Governor, the Adjutant General and General Oakes to remedy the matter.

It was replied that the State authorities were not by law vested with any power or control over the matter whatever; the acts of Congress or the orders of the Provost Marshal General did not confer any upon them, but gave it to other (Federal, not State) officers; that all the State officers could do in the matter was to advise, and General Oakes had been requested to adopt a measure or rule that did not do exact and equal justice to all parts of the State.

On the part of the committee it was then urged that the State authorities should join with a committee of the citizens of Chicago, and lay the whole matter before the authorities at Washington; and notwithstanding the great press of business in this office at the time, it was finally agreed, as an act of justice to Cook county and the State, that this should be done; and thus ended this conference.

Soon thereafter, a committee of prominent citizens of Chicago was appointed, consisting of Hon. S. S. Hays, Col. Hough, Mr. Walker, Mr. Dore and Mr. Medill, who at once repaired to Washington, and was there joined by myself (on the part of the State authorities), in obedience to your instructions, carrying with me the following letter of instructions, before then prepared by your Excellency, in contemplation of an earlier visit on the same business, which I delivered in person:

SPRINGFIELD, January 30, 1865.

Brig. Gen. JAMES B. FRY.
Provost Marshal General, Washington, D. C.

DEAR SIR: In view of the embarrassment of our people, arising from the settlement of 35,541 recruits to be furnished by the State of Illinois, under the quota arranged by you against the State, under the call of December 19, 1864, for 300,000 men, and that I may be able to explain to our people the facts of the case more definitely, I respectfully request of you a reconsideration of the subject, as I desire to call your attention to a few considerations which may have escaped you in the adjustment of the quota.

In your communication of date of January 24, 1865, to your Acting Assistant Provost Marshal General, Col. Oakes, you state "35,541 is the number required of Illinois, after taking into account the credits to which the State is entitled, by estimating the number of years of service furnished by one, two and three years' men." This quota amounts to eleven per cent of the whole 300,000 men, and this is after the enrollment had been reduced about ten per cent; and yet the quota of Illinois under the call for 500,000, last July, in which you did not take into account any credits at all, was only about ten per cent of the whole number asked for, being 52,057. Upon this quota you allowed to the State, subsequently, a credit of one year's service of the excess of three years' men, 35,875.

How is it, then, that our quota under the 300,000, which is said to include our credit of 35,875, is more than eleven per cent of 300,000, when, without any credit, under the call for 500,000, it was only ten and four-tenths per cent?

Again, it was insisted under the call for 500,000 men, July 18, 1864, that our deficit was, by sub-districts, 28,058, and that we would be required to fill this deficit by sub-districts, although the State was only behind, on all calls, after the credits for one years' service of the excess of 35,875 three years' men, 13,440.

Subsequently but 50 per cent of the 28,058 deficit was called for being 14,029.

If the call of the President for 300,000 is in fact, as stated, to fill up deficiencies under the call of July, 1864, for 500,000, then our quota would be but 14,029, since we have received on that call the proper credit of one year of the service of the 35,875 three years' men credited to the State.

But if this last call of the President for 300,000 men is in fact an original call, we will earnestly insist upon our rights to a credit for another year's service of the 35,875 three years' men, now in the service of the general government, from this State; and the more consistently and respectfully will we insist upon it, since it is deliberately provided for in the laws on the subject, and promised to us in the written opinion of the Solicitor of the War Department, of August, in disposing at that time, by order of the general government, of the credits then claimed for this State by my predecessor.


I see no objection to your system of adjusting credits for all recruits or drafted men furnished on the quota under the call for 500,000 men, in July last, and carrying the excess, if any, forward to the quota under December 19, 1864, and thus following up that system in all subsequent quotas for men furnished under any call made since the first of July, 1864, and giving credits accordingly.

But this does not reach the admitted credits due the State previous to that time, nor can I see where we have received any credit for our 35,875 three years' men on this call for 300,000 men.

I am unable to explain it to the people of the State on any understanding I have been able to obtain of the subject. I think it is of the utmost importance in every point of view, that such an explanation be given of it as shall, upon principles of equal justice to all the states, and a recognition of our own rights, be satisfactory to our people.

General I. N. Haynie, Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, will hand you this letter. He is fully authorized to act for the State in the adjustment of this question. You will find him a frank and candid gentleman, who will appreciate every kindness you may be able to extend to him.

I have desired him to make a full statement of the views of the State authorities on the several questions; also, to present the probabilities there are for raising the ten regiments of volunteer recruits; and, if necessary, to ask for further time to complete their organization. As the quota of the State was not given until recently, I feel certain we shall not be able to complete the organization before the first of March.

I have the honor to remain, General,
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed) RICHARD J. OGLESBY, Governor.

On the day succeeding our arrival there, the committee, accompanied by Senator Trumbull and Hon. I. N. Arnold, M. C., who kindly consented to accompany us, called upon General Fry, at his headquarters. The object of the visit was at once made known to the General to be a correction of the enrollment and quota of Illinois, and especially of Cook county. It was urged on the part of the committee that the enrollment, beyond all doubt, was excessive; that it even (in Cook county) exceeded the vote of the county; being, in fact, 15 per cent greater, and should be corrected.

General Fry replied that the enrollment could be corrected at any time, and referred to instructions to District Provost Marshals to that effect. It was replied to this, that the time for corrections of enrollment must necessarily cease, else no quota could be assigned; and that corrections for the purposes of this draft had to be in time to be distributed upon; and that corrections were known to have been reported, but too late for this draft. The reply was that no enrollment now made could change this quota; that it was distributed and settled, and the only plan to be adopted was to fill it; or, if it was made to appear that the enrollment of a district was excessive, then for the government to drop a part of the quota and lose the men. It was then proposed that Cook county should furnish 50 per cent of her quota by volunteering; that in the meantime a new enrollment be made by a new officer, (the District Provost Marshal not being regarded as reliable) for the reason that the old one (James), as fast as corrections were made by striking off names, had others added; so that when 6,000 had been struck off, 6,100 had been added, and the effort was dropped; and if, on a new enrollment, any more than the above 50 per cent was due, Cook county would furnish them at once.

At this time, I stated to General Fry that I was there not only as one of this committee, but on behalf of the whole State, for that complaints were heard daily from all parts, and that just before leaving Springfield, I had called upon General Oakes and learned that a new enrollment could be made in fourteen days, and in the meantime we could and would furnish more men by volunteering than he could get by the draft.

General Fry replied that this manner of presenting the matter was unsatisfactory; that he would prefer to have it submitted in writing. I replied that since this is the case, it is useless to prolong this interview, and I shall submit what I have to say in writing, if it is desired. While this interview was progressing, a considerable number of gentlemen entered the room and remained attentive observers of what was passing. The zeal and ability manifested by the members of the committee on the part of Chicago, made it apparent that the matters discussed were regarded of no unimportant or


ordinary character, involving, on the part of the State, many thousands of men and vast sums of money, when aggregated; and on the part of the Federal authorities, the justness of the whole distribution of the quota made to all the States. All felt, all realized, the great interest at stake. The interview with General Fry ended, however, without any satisfactory result, and it was then ascertained that the strangers present, many of them, were members of similar committees from other States, who had visited the Capital for the same purpose. The city of New York had been complaining of her quota, which had been, on the 23d of January, published at 4,433, but which, on the next day, was changed and settled at 21,019. So it was said Pennsylvania was dissatisfied, and all, therefore, had committees there awaiting the result of the application of Illinois. Thus did this question grow and increase in magnitude the nearer it was approached, until I confess nothing but a sense of my duty to the State could have induced me to meet it. Afterwards, on the same day, in order to submit, on the part of the State, the views I felt justified in maintaining, I addressed General Fry the following communication, asking information to be had only from his office:

WASHINGTON CITY, February 23, 1865,

Brig. Gen. JAMES B. FRY,
Prov. Mar. Gen. U. S.

SIR: I desire to have furnished from your office, for the use of the State of Illinois, the following information:

1st. The quota assigned to each State under the late call for 300,000 men.

2d. The enrollment of each State upon which said quota has been assigned.

3d. The excess of each State allowed under the rule of distribution adopted by your office.

4th. An explanation of the method adopted to arrive at the excess allowed Illinois: in other words, what was the excess allowed to Illinois, and how was that excess made up?

5th. What is the total number of men furnished by each State, and the period they have served up to December 31, 1864?

6th. What is the total number of men furnished by each State, and the period for which they enlisted.

It is desirable to have this information at the earliest convenient moment, since it will be impossible for me to submit in writing, as requested by you at our interview this morning, the views entertained, and the object sought by the State authorities, until this information is furnished.

Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
[Signed.] I. N. HAYNIE,
Adjutant General of Illinois.

On the succeeding day I received the reply of the General denying me the information desired.

In the meantime it had been determined by the members of the committee from Chicago to apply to Mr. Lincoln, in person, lay the whole matter before him, and get his decision. Immediate application was made to the President for this purpose, and he at once kindly accorded an audience, stating that he desired the attendance at the same time of the Secretary of War and General Fry. This audience was fixed for 10 a.m., 24th February, but General Fry being too unwell to attend then, it was deferred until Monday, 27th of February, when the President, in the office of Mr. Secretary Stanton, and having the Secretary of War and General Fry both present, had the entire question presented to him. Mr. Lincoln was fully aware of the fact that several States were awaiting the result of this application from Chicago and from Illinois, for a postponement of the draft and a re-enrollment, in order to present their claims for a similar favor; nor was he less alive to the magnitude of the question and the interests involved, than the others seemed to be.

At this audience the committee on the part of Chicago asked:

First — For an order for the immediate re-enrollment of their district by a new man (distrusting Provost Marshal James,) alleging that the present enrollment contained at least 12,000 names not liable to draft.

Second — That mutual protection clubs should be credited pro rata with the recruits they put in.


Third — That Chicago should put 2,600 men on her quota, the draft for the other 2,600 to be suspended until the new enrollment is made; after which, if any more than the 2,600 were found to be due the city would furnish them at once.

The committee, by their chairman, and by Messrs. Hough and Medill, urged with great zeal and distinguished ability the justness of their application. It was stated and urged that there was not then in Chicago 18,000 men liable to draft, while the enrollment fixed the number at 34,600; that the quota of the city was excessively oppressive, being one-sixth (1-6) of the whole State, while its proportion was only one-twelfth (1-12); that the district had already furnished more men and years of service than any district in the Union, except "Lower Egypt;" that the deficit of 2,000, charged over from prior quotas was unjust, and in consequence of the wrong enrollment of 15,000 names last year, it ought to be corrected.

Secretary Stanton, (to whom the President stated he had committed this matter at the outset, with the promise not to interfere with his decision,) then proceeded to decide:

First — That it was too late now to order a new enrollment without interfering with the present draft, and if made might not materially reduce the present one.

Secondly — That if granted, many, very many, other districts, in a dozen or twenty different States, would clamor for the same privilege. If granted to Chicago, it must be granted to other cities and districts; that he would rather relieve Chicago from furnishing a man than to allow a re-enrollment under the present call, as the example would cause trouble in other districts, and probably keep 100,000 men from the field when most needed.

He also stated that the army might any day, now, be put under marching orders to strike the final blow to the rebellion; and he appealed to the committee to know whether Illinois would not rather submit to this temporary burden, than, by interfering with the whole matter at this juncture, jeopard its final success.

For once, I confess I felt myself in the presence of one of the great masters of this rebellion, who with a patriotism as elevated as the great cause at issue, and an inflexibility of purpose as relentless and unchangeable as the decree of fate, was moving the nation forward in its great mission.

It is due, however, to the members of that committee and myself, to say, that it was no part of their design to retard in any way the operations of the government in sending men to the front, and if it had been for an instant believed that the success of our efforts would have had this effect they would have been instantly abandoned; but it was believed by them, and so stated, that the State could and would continue to forward to the field, under the plan proposed by the committee and by myself, as many troops as it was in the power of the government to procure in the same period by any other method. Impressed with the soundness of this conviction, after the above decision had been made by the Secretary of War, and feeling that I owed it as a duty to the State, so far as was within my power, to aid in discovering errors, if any existed, and thus secure them against wrong, if wrong had been done them, I proceeded to lay before the President the following communication, prepared to be laid before Gen. Fry, but which, since the whole subject had been referred to Mr. Lincoln, was deemed proper to be considered by him.

WASHINGTON, D. C., February 25, 1865,

Brig. Gen. FRY. Provost Marshal General.

SIR: Since the application I had the honor of submitting to you the other day, asking for certain information, was denied, and since the subject matter is regarded by me as of the most grave and important character, and as stated by you at our personal interview, will only be passed upon when submitted in writing. I herewith have the honor to most respectfully lay before you, for your early consideration and decision, the following calculations, statements and propositions. In doing so, allow me to assure you that I have no other desire in the matter than to arrive at equal and exact justice with reference to the interests of a State whose people and authorities I have the honor to act for, and who, since the beginning of the present war, have manifested no other disposition than to do their whole duty toward the Federal government.

I have the honor to be,
Very respectfully and truly,
(Signed.) I. N. HAYNIE,
Adjutant General of Illinois.


Number of three years' men furnished by Illinois to July 1, 1864 181,178
Since the beginning of the war, reduced to one year 3
To July 1st, number of years, since beginning of war 543,534
Number of men furnished since July 1, to Dec. 31, 1864, 17,340; equal to years' service of 22,521
Total years of service from beginning of war to Dec. 31, 1864 566,055
Gross quota of three years' men assigned to Illinois, up to July 18, 1864 145,303
Multiplied by 3
Total years of quotas required 435,909
Add call of July 18, 1864, for 52,057
Aggregate required by all calls 487,966
Total years credited to State, to Dec. 31,1864 566,055
Deduct all quotas required 487,966
Excess of years to credit of State 78,089
Required to meet call of Dec. 21, 1864 32,887
Balance to credit of the State, after all calls 45,202
Up to Dec. 21, 1864, our total calls for men were 197,360
Up to Dec. 31, 1864, our total credits for men were 198,711
Leaving of men to be deducted from the quota assigned under call of December 21, 1864 1,345

In February, 1865 the quota is assigned, after all credits are deducted, of 32,887. This is required out of a population of 1,700,000. Yet Ohio, with a population of 2,400,000, is required to furnish only 26,000 men under this call; so that with 700,000 less population than Ohio, Illinois is required to furnish nearly 7,000 more men.

Under the call of July 18, 1864, we all know the draft was enforced against Iowa. That State was then behind in her quotas. Except in a few sub-districts, the draft was not enforced in Illinois, for we, including all calls upon us, were only behind as a State then, in men 13,440, with a surplus of 35,875 three years' men, to answer a call for 52,057 one year's men. Yet now, under this call for troops, Iowa is exempt from draft — has no quota upon her enrollment and population, whilst Illinois has 32,887 required from her.

Under No. 1 call of Oct. 18, 1863, 300,000 men Quota, 27,930, or 9 31-100 men to every 100 called for.
Under No. 2 call of Feb. 1, 1864, 500,000 men Quota, 46,309, or 9 26-100 men to every 100 called for.
Under No. 3 call of March 4, 1864, 200,000 men Quota, 18,564, or 9 28-100 men to every 100 called for.
Under No. 4 call of July 18, 1864, 500,000 men Quota, 52,057, or 10 41-100 men to every 100 called for.
Under No. 5 call of Dec. 19, 1864, 300,000 men Quota, 32,887, or 10 96-100 men to every 100 called for.
Total 1,800,000 men. Total, 177,747, or average, 9 81-100.

Now, whilst it is admitted by the War Department that the State of Illinois had 78,079 men to her credit on the 21st of December, 1864, the date of last call, they insist that we have had the full benefit of it, and that still there is due from the State 32,887 men, after we receive that credit; thus, after exhausting all our credits, we pay almost eleven men of every hundred called out, (300,000) whilst under former calls, before any deduction was made for credit, the highest amount under any quota was 10 41-100 men to every hundred called for. With these figures, I fail to comprehend how we are now (with 78,079 years due us,) in a worse condition than ever before, when we were without credits, or before credits were given. In other words we now are called on to furnish a greater per centum of men on this call, after all credits are allowed, than ever before when no credits had been allowed.

The average per centum is 9 87-100 to every one hundred men called; this would give Illinois 29,610 as her full quota. How is it, then, that this is exceeded by 3,277, when it is confessed we are entitled to the credit of 78,089 years, to begin with?

Again, Ohio has a net quota assigned her of 26,000 men upon a population of 2,400,000. The same ratio would give to Illinois only 18,416, as our net quota upon a population of 1,700,000, if our credits are equal to those of Ohio. Illinois then has an excess of 78,079 men or years. This ratio would give Ohio 110,229 as her excess, if her net quota was in proportion to Illinois' net quota.

But this, instead of giving Ohio 26,000 as her quota would give her 46,437, or 20,437 more than it is. Yet, we find that Illinois, with her 1,700,000 population, is required to furnish 32,887 men, and extinguish 78,079 years of credit admitted to be due, thus making her


aggregate quota under this call, 110,976 men for one year. At this ratio the grand aggregate quota of Ohio should be 156,668 men, to wit: 26,000 net quota, and 130,666 of an excess over all previous calls. These figures are, of course, not understood to be exactly accurate, for want of accurate data, but the calculations are made to demonstrate that there exists a necessity which justifies and requires the State authorities to ask the information solicited, and thereby be enabled to detect error, if any exists.

I have been advised by General Fry that the State enrollment can be and should be corrected at any and at all times by the Provost Marshals, and intimations were clear that if any one refused, he would be removed; so that this is remediable by the people, if they will attend to it. But the State authorities can have no remedy or relief from an injustice or error in computing and assigning quotas, or in making up and allowing credits or excesses, unless they can have access to data not now in their possession. It is proper to infer that no injustice is intended Illinois, yet errors may exist, and if the information desired be not furnished the State authorities, and they be thereby enabled to affirm the correctness of the quota assigned, our people will believe they have been wronged by the quota fixed upon us, detracting to some extent, from our fair fame, and requiring more men than is demanded from other States, in proportion to their population, enrollment, men previously furnished, and periods of service rendered.

It is proper for me to add, that I have heard it stated that the rule adopted by the Provost Marshal is to add all the excesses of the States to the 300,000 men called for, then distribute this aggregate to the States upon their enrollment, after which the excess of each State is deducted from its aggregate quota, and the balance is its net quota.

The Provost Marshal General, at the interview with him, on 23d Feb., informed me, however, that in getting at the excess of Illinois, he did not go behind the settlement of July 1, 1864, made with the State authorities of Illinois, in which settlement, as I understand it, the period of service was not estimated, but men furnished for three years were simply off-set against so many other men required from the State, leaving out of this calculation, and not making it one of the elements thereof, the period of service.

What we want, therefore, is the means of testing the correctness of the elements used in making up the excesses of the several States, and of Illinois; and which, under the rule referred to, swell the aggregate quota of the Union, in proportion as the excess of a State is increased or diminished. When we can see that this is correct, or point out an error, the State can have no just cause of complaint, if her citizens do not then correct the enrollment of their own districts, and thus have complete justice.

It is, therefore, respectfully submitted and proposed, that, as the aggregate excesses of the different counties in Illinois, from which no quotas are required, amount to 6,742 men; and as errors are believed to exist improperly increasing the net quota of Illinois more than a like number above what is deemed just under the President's last call:

First — That the State will, as rapidly as possible, put into the field, by volunteering, under this act, 20,000 men. In case volunteers are not furnished in a reasonably short period, then that number to be drafted for.

Second — That in the meantime, the enrollment of the districts be made correct, either by an enrollment de novo, or by corrections, as justice requires over the State.

Third — That the information asked by the State authorities in my note of 23d February, 1865, be given; the same not to be made public by them, without permission of the Secretary of War.

Fourth — As soon as the correct enrollment and quota of the State can be ascertained, then if the latter amounts to more than 20,000 men, let it be furnished or drafted for; but if it amounts to less, the overplus to be carried to the credit of the State on any future calls. This, it is believed, will secure justice and cordial cooperation from all parties.

The result of this application was (as anticipated by me, after hearing the decision in the former one), similar to that of the committee, and for like reasons. With great patience, and apparently full of a purpose exalted beyond the reach of an emotion, Mr. Lincoln listened to all that was said in behalf of a people he knew were so attached to him, and towards whom it was known he felt the most indulgent kindness; but no re-enrollment could be procured to be made, nor could a reduction of the quota be obtained. And thus terminated this application, which, whilst pending, was felt by all concerned to be of a character to command the most earnest consideration of the great men whose province it was to decide it, and which, in its results, affected the people of the State to the extent of thousands of men and millions of money, in the shape of bounties to pay for putting the quota demanded in the field.

And now that the exigencies which demanded the rigorous and inflexible rules are past, it may, and no doubt will, at some time in the future, become a question as to whether the State shall not be partially or wholly reimbursed for bounties advanced to raise soldiers. And if this be denied them, it may still be insisted justly by Illinois, that (if her people have had demanded of them more than was justly due in men, and they have thereby expended money to supply this demand), they shall be reimbursed at least for all that was expended by them, and which, in fact, was beyond what was right to be demanded.


I am not sure, but believe now, in some of the States, bounties (above what was paid by the Federal Government), instead of being paid by individuals, was paid by the States, and then a claim filed for this expenditure against the United States, as a war expenditure, and allowed.

Whether this be so or not, it could not affect the justness of a demand based upon expenditures to furnish men wrongfully required; and I shall, therefore, present to your Excellency some statistical tables and calculations going to indicate that Illinois has furnished more than her share; and if her people are not reimbursed in the expenditure thereby caused, the fair fame, honor and patriotism of the State will be vindicated, when it is shown that her people have done their whole duty, and more; and this, at last, is of higher moment than all else.

I present herewith a table, prepared with great care, marked schedule "G," showing our enrollment, quotas and credits, down to the time when recruiting ceased, in 1865:

In 1863, January 1, (see General Fuller's report,) the enrollment, with 115,123 men in service, left liable for service 276,196
Enrollment of 1863, was 287,941
Increase from 1862 11,745
July enrollment of 1864, was 333,518
Increase from 1862 57,322
In the same time we had, December 31, 1864, increased our credits from 115,123 to 198,596. Increased credits 83,473
Increase of enrollment and credits 140,795
The December enrollment of 1864, was 290,191
Decrease from July 43,327
But from July, 1864, to December 31, 1864, we had filled quotas of 52,057
The decrease of enrollment was, therefore, less than number of men sent away by 8,730
And this was the enrollment on which the quota of January 23, 1865, was assigned for call of December 19, 1864. The enrollment of January, 1865, is shown to be 278,287
Decrease from last enrollment 11,904

But the quota was not assigned to Illinois on that enrollment last mentioned, nor am I advised that we received any benefit from this enrollment, unless it be that the reduction of our quota, procured by Major Wait, from 35,541 to 32,892, was partly thus produced, and I am inclined to believe it was; because, if 290,191 enrolled men give us a quota of 35,541, as was the fact, an enrollment of 278,287 men would reduce the quota to 34,083. If from this we now deduct the number of men furnished after the call of 19th December, and not before credited on any call, to-wit: 1,236 men, the balance left for the State quota will be 32,847, only differing from the actual quota 45 men, thus proving, by strong inference, that the reduction of enrollment and these credits produced the reduction from 35,541 to 32,892. Still this reduction, the last made in said enrollment, was only 3,174 less than the July enrollment of 333,518, if we deduct therefrom the 52,057 men sent to the field and credited under July call; so that if the enrollment was at any time, even in July, 1864, excessive, (and nothing could be clearer,) it remained so to the end; and these excesses produced the large quota of July, 1864, raising the per centum from 9 31-100, 9 26-100, 9 28-100, as under former calls, to 10 41-100, under July call, and 10 96-100 under December call, 1864: or if we regard 35,541 as our real quota, the per cent was run up to 11 84-100 for every 100 men called for; thus demanding from Illinois almost the eighth part of the quota of the whole Union.

Again, General Fuller, in his report, shows enrolled between 18 and 45 year of age, 276,196 liable January 1, 1863, to service, with 115,123 men in service. In his report of 1864, (not published), he shows that up to that date the State was credited with 197,260 men; the difference between these two numbers will be the number of men sent from those liable to service, between January 1, 1863, and December 1, 1864, and is 82,137.

If, now, we deduct this last number from the total liable to duty January, 1863, we have a balance of men left, December 1, 1864, of 194,059. Yet the last enrollment before January, 1865, shows 333,518 liable for duty, being an increased enrollment of 139,459 from January, 1863, to December, 1864. Or, if we take the enrollment on which our December call and January quota were assigned to us, of 290,191, we still have 13,998 more than was liable to


duty in 1862, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, when the act of Congress, March, 1864, only requires enrollment of those from twenty to forty-five; and this, too, when we had sent, ad interim, between January 1, 1863, and December, 1864, 82,137 men to the field.

Let me test this increase in another shape:

The enrollment of November, 1863, was 287,941
That of July 18, 1864, was 333,518
Increase from November to July, 7 months, 7 days 45,577
Being 15 84-100 increase for that period, or 2 18-100 per month, or 26 percent, per year.  
There was also enlisted from January 1 to July 1, 1864, men 33,252
Total increase in 7 months and 7 days 78,829
Being for total period, 27 33-100 per cent.; or per month, 3 77-100 per cent.; or per annum, 45 24-100 per cent.  

Indicating, if these enrollments can be sustained, an increase in population and men, in time of war, such as never was heard of in times of peace, and in the era of our most wonderful progress.

Again, by examining enrollment of 1864, and comparing it with enrollment of 1863, it will be seen that every county in the State was increased except four. Edwards was reduced 19; Richland, 9; Wabash, 27, and Will, 408. Total, 463. The reason of this increase is found in the nature of the duties exacted of enrolling officers. Under their instructions they made special efforts to add to the roll, but left the duty of striking from the roll to be attended to by the citizen who was wrongly enrolled. Indeed, evidence had to be furnished the board of enrolling officers, to get a name (once enrolled) off. Thus, while the Government gave facilities for getting on, it placed obstacles in the way of getting off; so that those liable to draft let their names stand, not thinking that they were farther interested, while their neighbor, not liable to draft, did the same thing, knowing that, if drafted, he could exempt himself, thus increasing the burdens of all liable to duty. In this way was this extraordinary enrollment of 1864 produced, and thereby had not only our extraordinary quota of July, 1864, settled against the State, and reducing our credits on future calls, but had, also, our still more extraordinary quota of 1865 settled upon us.

Let me prove this still farther:

Take, for instance, the 12th congressional district. Under the distribution of quota of January 23, 1875, to the districts, it was ascertained that, if carried out, every man in some counties, Monroe for instance, would be demanded.

Such a state of case was shocking to justice. A re-enrollment of that district was had at once, and I believe it was the only district entirely re-enrolled. What was the result? I give it below:

  Enrollment 1864. Enrollment 1865.
St. Clair 8,959 4,539
Madison 8,598 4,449
Clinton 2,372 1,483
Washington 2,682 1,709
Randolph 3,301 2,076
Monroe 3,509 726
  29,421 14,982

Showing an extraordinary reduction of nearly 50 per cent on the former enrollment, changing the demand or quota from the number so high that it could not be filled, as in the case of Monroe county, until the entire deficit of the district was, as will be seen by the official showing, less than the excess this change gave to Monroe county, the latter being 646, the former 381, divided between these counties.

These figures show another thing: that is, that one-fourth of the reduction of the enrollment of the State is found in this one district, whilst six other counties can be found on the table showing one other fourth of the reduction, thus leaving 90 counties out of 102 the benefit of only 50 per cent of the reduction of the enrollment. If these figures do not demonstrate the


enrollment to have been, beyond parallel, excessive, I am unable to do it. I am no better satisfied now of this fact than in February last, still it is due to the State to let the facts of history go to the world; then her fame will take care of itself.

Now, having said thus much to prove the enrollment excessive, I will add another page to prove that even on this excessive enrollment our quota, too, was excessive. To do this I have prepared the following calculations and deductions:

As shown by official papers in this office, we had, when recruiting ceased, furnished during the war, actual men, without regard to periods of service 256,297
Of this number we had three months' men of 1862, three months men of 1863, and 100 days' men, making total of 20,814, for whom we claim no credits 20,844
Leaving balance to our credit of 235,453
The quotas required of the State were, to July 18, 1864 145,303
Under call of July 18, 1864 52,057
Under call of December 19, 1864 35,541
Making total calls and quotas in men 232,901
Leaving balance, after deducting all quotas from actual credits, of being that many more than all quotas demanded. 2,552
By schedule (G). [D]. published herewith, it is shown that when recruiting ceased, we were actually in deficit in sub-districts 5,715
With excesses in other sub-districts of 819
Leaving the State in deficit, after deducting these excesses 4,896
In other words, if we had proceeded until the demanded quota was filled, we, instead of being 2,552 in excess of all men actually required, would have been in excess in men 7,448
If, therefore, filling the quota of 35,541, would have put us in excess 7,448, that quota was clearly excessive to that extent, and ought to have stood 35,541, less 7,448, showing the quota should have been, even on the excessive large enrollment, only 28,093
Now, as the enrollment stood December, 1864, it will be seen that this result accords precisely with all previous quotas to the State. Thus the call of October 18, 1863, for the same number of men, gave our quota at 27,930
Only less than the above quota by 163

Even this difference is more apparent than real, because the enrollment of October, 1863, was 287,941, whilst enrollment of December, 1864, was 290,194. If the first gave as its quota 27,930, the second at the same ratio, would give 28,148, being only 55 more than this calculation shows our quota ought to have been on the enrollment. This result is remarkably confirmatory of the correctness of these calculations, and harmonizes at once with the per centum of men before required of the State on other calls, and placing them respectively at 9.31 for October, 1863; at 9.36 for February, 1864; at 9.28 for March, 1864; at 10.41 for July, 1864; and would have been at 9.36 for December, 1864; leaving the increase per centum, demanded under call of July 18,1864, to be explained by the increase of the enrollment from 287,941, in 1863, to 333,518 in July, 1864.

Thus I have attempted (with how much success let the world judge) to demonstrate that, amid the extraordinary exigencies of the times, Illinois has not only performed her whole duty, but, with a patriotism equalled only by the valor of her sons, responded with unstinted hands to the demands made upon her loyalty; yielding to the Federal Government her citizens and her money, upon an enrollment known to be excessive and onerous beyond parallel, and upon a quota confidently believed to be so to the extent of thousands.

Notwithstanding all, however, it was determined that, since no change could be effected, and since every honorable means had been exhausted to relieve the people, the required number of men should be furnished, leaving to the future the adjustment of questions of difference between the State and Federal authorities, satisfied mat honor and patriotism demanded the sacrifice.

The following proclamation was, therefore, issued from this office by order of your Excellency, and thoroughly distributed over the State.



SPRINGFIELD, March 6, 1865.

Under the recent call of his Excellency, the President of the United States, for 300,000 men, and the rule adopted by the Provost Marshal General, the quota allotted to and required of Illinois was 32,875 men for one year. It affords me much satisfaction to be able to announce to you that in our efforts to fill this quota, Illinois has not fallen below the high character she has heretofore enjoyed.

By official statements from the Adjutant General's office, it is shown that there have been already 18,500 men furnished by the State as credits against this quota. Some difference in the views entertained by the State and Federal authorities have existed, and many complaints have reached me that injustice has been done to different localities by the distribution of our quota.

As your executive, I have striven in every honorable way to correct, if possible, the difficulties complained of. The views of the State authorities have been fully made known to his Excellency, the President, and Department of War. They have, after a full, careful and patient hearing, decided that the great interests of the Nation demand of them to make no change, I have the most unlimited confidence in the patriotism and integrity which dictates this decision, and as your executive, feeling that if any injustice has been done Illinois, it will be eventually redressed by the National authorities, I deem it my duty to call upon you, now that we know that the decision is settled and unchangeable, to respond with that patriotic devotion to the Union always heretofore manifested by the State.

The spirit of our people, in response to this call of the President, has been quite equal to the old spirit of 1861 and 1862, and they have not hesitated because of the large number of men required, or the immense sums of money necessary to meet the demands, to respond with alacrity and cheerfulness. Illinois would suffer wrong rather than be justly chargeable with a lack of devotion to our cause, or have it truthfully asserted that we have failed in the zeal and energy necessary to accomplish all that the country expects and requires at our hands.

Nine thousand of the troops called for and enlisted have been assigned to old regiments in the field. We are required to furnish fourteen thousand more for the same purpose. Citizens of Illinois, let this be done, if possible, without a draft.


Official: I. N. HAYNIE,
Adjutant General of Illinois.

Obedient to this appeal, the citizens of the State continued with ardor to enlist, up to the period at which hostilities ceased in April, at which time there was really but 4,896 men to be enlisted under the last quota. Below is a debit and credit statement up to this time, as shown in this office:

The State of Illinois, in Account with the United States.
To quotas of 1861 47,785 By men furnished prior to January 1, 1865 198,596
To quotas of 1862 32,685    
To quotas of 1864 64,833 By men furnished prior to December 31, 1865 27,996
To quotas of 1864 52,057    
To excess prior to January 1,1865, deducted in advance of next quota 1,236 Deficit December 31, 1865 4,896
To quotas of 1865 32,892    
  231,488   231,488


On the 13th day of April, 1865, recruiting in the United States ceased by order of the Secretary of War, and, as will be seen by the above table, with all the disadvantages I have shown existed to her prejudice, her excessive enrollment and extraordinary quota (exceeding, in itself, the whole enrollment of New Hampshire, with her population of 326,000 in 1860, by 6,623) leaving only due the United States 4,896 men, and this the unbounded patriotism of her people would have filled by the first of May.



In February last, a resolution of the tenor following, was introduced into the lower house of the General Assembly of this State, and passed, to-wit:

WHEREAS, The State of Illinois, responding to all the calls made upon her by the General Government, has contributed nearly two hundred thousand of her brave men to fight the battles of the Union, thousands of whom have already fallen upon bloody fields, or have died in hospitals from honorable wounds;

AND WHEREAS, It is eminently meet and just, not only to the patriotic men who survive, but also to the families of those who have died in the service of the country, that a full and complete record should be made and kept, of the fact that they participated in the struggle for the restoration of the Union;

AND WHEREAS, Our sister States have, many of them, already published these records of honorable service, not only as a tribute due to the soldiers and their posterity, but as a glorious history of the part they have taken in the war for the defence of the Union and their beloved country; therefore,

Be it resolved by the House of Representatives, the Senate concurring herein, That the Adjutant General of the State be and is hereby authorized and directed to prepare from the rolls and files in his office, and from reports from the field, a brief record of every soldier who has been engaged in the government service during the war, giving his name, place of residence, occupation, nativity, date of enlistment and muster, to be accompanied by a historical memoranda, embracing the casualties to officers and men, the marches, skirmishes and battles in which each company and regiment has participated, and the brigades, divisions, army corps and departments to which they have been attached during their term of service.

Resolved, That ten thousand copies of this be and the same are hereby ordered to be printed and bound, under the direction of the Adjutant General of the State, to be distributed as follows, etc., etc., etc.

On the 10th day of February, 1865, these resolutions were reported to the Senate by the clerk of the House, (see Senate Journal, page 549) and were by that body referred to the Committee on Federal Relations. Afterward, on the 13th of said month, the committee say that after having the same under consideration, they report: "That they highly approve the object of said resolutions, but, in their opinion, it would not now be in the power of the Adjutant General to satisfactorily perform that duty. Said war is still in progress, and thousands of our soldiers are yet in the field performing service, and subject to casualties, a statement of which can not now be written, and consequently the work proposed can not be general, including all the soldiers as such a work should." The proposed record (they also say) will not be satisfactory, because the same does not include the officers, but includes the soldier only. The committee, therefore, propose that the completion of said work be postponed for the present.

At the date of the pendency of these resolutions, (whilst I concurred in the utility and justice of ultimately publishing such a work,) I heartily concurred in the conclusion to which the Senate committee arrived; and had such a work been then ordered, it would have been incomplete and unsatisfactory.

The time may now speedily be at hand when, the objections urged by the committee having been obviated by the suppression of the rebellion and the ending of the war, such a report may not only become practicable, but a wise measure, and just tribute to the brave defenders of our nationality and unity.

The report of the committee was agreed to by the Senate, and the resolutions, therefore, defeated.

Subsequently, on the 15th of February, the following resolution was introduced into the Senate, and passed by that body as a Senate resolution:


Resolved by the Senate, That the Adjutant General be and he is hereby instructed to have published in permanent form the rosters of all regiments, and muster-rolls thereof, from the State of Illinois, in the service of the United States, or who have been during the present rebellion, showing the regiment, rank, date of muster-in and muster-out of each, residence or place from whence enlisted, and the date and place of death of each, either by disease or in battle, as nearly as possible; and that ten thousand copies of said report be published and distributed as the Governor may direct.

A copy of the above Senate resolution has been furnished me by the Secretary of State.

It will be observed that this last resolution is of similar character to the House resolution referred to the Senate committee and reported against by said committee, and that the reasons governing the objections to the House resolutions would also apply to this; in fact at the date of the passage of the resolution, it could not have been complied with.

Since these resolutions have been brought to my notice, I have given them very patient consideration, and have hesitated, long before concluding not to comply with the one passed by the Senate. The adoption of the first set by the House, would seem to indicate a concurrence of their views with those of the resolution passed by the Senate; still, I had no right to treat the resolution as other than a Senate resolution.

It would afford me much pleasure, great as the labor will be, to cause such a report to be made and published.

In my opinion, the time will soon be at hand when it will be felt as a universal want in the State; and whilst I have deemed it to be my duty to decline obedience to this resolution, on account of the considerable outlay, and the want of clerical aid in my office, I have at the same time prepared, and am now attempting to complete a set of records containing the information indicated, in which every soldier, from Lieutenant General Grant to the last enlisted private, will find his name recorded, and his history in brief written down. I have deemed it my bounden duty to the soldier to provide this record; and trust, by timely aid from future legislation, to be able to complete the same; and when completed, it will be for the legislature to order, after a knowledge of its cost, that it be published. For me to assume the expenditure involved in its publication, is more than I feel now disposed to do. And whilst I would cheerfully obey and conform to any joint resolution of the two houses, 1 must beg the honorable Senate not to regard me disrespectful toward their honorable body in deciding to defer full conformity therewith.

The period will soon arrive now, at which all our soldiers will be mustered out; when this is done it will the aptest time to make up the balance sheet of the war, and show the history of each one of the vast army of heroes furnished by the State. In the meantime, it shall be my object to make all the preparation, and have all the records of this office so well up in all their details, that if any future legislature shall order the expenditure of the sum required to publish the same, it can be speedily done.


On the 30th of April, 1862, the following dispatch was received by his Excellency, Governor Yates:

WASHINGTON, April 30, 1862.

His Excellency, GOVERNOR YATES:
You are hereby authorized to appoint, temporarily, two additional Surgeons for each Illinois regiment; the appointment to continue until further orders of this office.

Secretary of War.

In obedience to this authority, and in anticipation of the close approach of a great battle before Corinth, then closely invested by our immense army, a number of appointments were made in the month of May, 1862. Among them were the gentlemen whose names appear in the schedule or list annexed:


Extra Surgeons Sent to Corinth in 1862.
Names. RESIDENCE Account rendered Approved and ordered paid. Account paid
Town. County.
P. J. Wardner Sycamore DeKalb $113 60 July 5, 1865 $113 60
A. H. Lamphear Springfield Sangamon 140 00 July 17, 1865 140 00
A. M. Miller Lincoln Logan 116 00 July 19, 1865 116 00
M. W. Nesmith Manchester Boone 135 00 Nov. 13, 1865 135 00
A. D. Bull Peru LaSalle 125 75    
Samuel Daggy Tuscola Douglas 75 01    
N. E. Chandler Rockford Winnebago 105 00    
John C. Corbus Mendota LaSalle 45 00    
S. A. Mease Freeport Stephenson 163 00    
William W. Burns Polo Ogle 150 00 Dec. 6, 1865 150 00
E. P. Cook Mendota LaSalle 100 00    
George W. Albin Neoga Cumberland 138 65    
J. B. Lamb Centralia Marion 64 00    
James W. White Sandoval Marion 390 49    
Edwin R. Willard Wilmington Will 175 00    
      $2,036 50   $654 60

These Surgeons, although acting under the authority of the War Department, really formed no part of the army. They were not mustered into service, nor did their names appear upon any rolls, either for muster or pay. Nevertheless, as early as possible after their appointments, they severally repaired, at their own expense, to the several posts assigned them, to render such medical aid to our soldiers as the necessities of the service demanded; and it is believed their services were timely and efficient.

No provision has been made, however, by the Secretary of War for their payment, nor had any been made by the State; so that the gentlemen above named not only gave their time, but paid their own expenses going and returning to and from the Army, then near Corinth, Mississippi.

Under these circumstances, the legislature at its session of 1863, in an act entitled "An act making appropriations to pay certain expenses of the government, not otherwise provided for by law," included a section as follows:

Section 26. There is hereby appropriated the sum of two thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, to pay for the services of twenty Surgeons, employed by the Governor, "to go to Corinth, Mississippi, to attend to the sick and wounded of Illinois regiments; said sums to be certified to, under oath, to the Adjutant General."

Under this act, the several persons interested filed their claims soon after its passage; and it was ascertained by General Fuller that the claims for services rendered, after they were all filed, amounted to more than the appropriation; and it was deemed best, for this cause, not to pay any of them, and therefore the matter stood over unadjusted.

After my attention was called to them, I ascertained that some of the claims before then improperly rendered among this list, were entitled to be paid and had been paid elsewhere, and that some parts of the claims of the parties filed under this law, and to whom something was due, were improper to be allowed against the State, being for services performed under contract with the Army Medical Director, and therefore a claim against the United States directly, and not against the State.

In this way the amount really due upon the several claims filed, was ascertained to be within the amount appropriated by the above act. I therefore had a consultation with the Auditor, and it was adjudged to be but just that those claims should be paid. At this time the whole amount of claims justly chargeable against this fund was less than the sum appropriated, but approximated toward it. In conformity with this understanding, and after the


claims were proven, I have deemed it my duty to order the allowance and payment of Doctors Wardner, Lamphear, Miller, Nesmith and Burns; and the same have been paid. I have also approved the claims of Messrs. Bull, Daggy, Chandler, Corbus, Mease, Cook and Albin, the proof being properly filed; all of which now will be paid to the parties when called for. The claims of Lamb and White are not yet proved as required, but the sums set opposite their names are believed to be about the amounts due them, and if proven up as required will be paid. The above named claims had been filed here long before the date of my appointment, and I had supposed that all the claims that could arise were thus presented; but recently Dr. Willard, of Wilmington, has filed a claim, as will be seen on the schedule, for $175, the proof of which is in the form required by law. I have no doubt but that it is due him, and shall pay to him the surplus after the above claims are satisfied, and shall thus dispose of those cases so long pending here.

I trust this disposition of them may be regarded as just, and as nearly equitable as could be arrived at. It will leave a small balance due, which can be early provided for in some future appropriation.


On the 15th day of November, 1864, after the destruction of Atlanta and the railroads behind him, Sherman, with his army, began his march to the sea coast. The almost breathless anxiety with which his progress was watched by the loyal hearts of the Nation, and the trembling apprehension with which it was regarded by all who hoped for rebel success, indicated this as one of the most remarkable events of the war; and so it proved.

It is no part of my province, nor have I the means at hand by which I could be enabled to write the history of this wonderful campaign, the success of which was fraught with consequences so cheering to the Union arms and so direful to the rebellion. Yet I have taken some care to preserve a correct list of the regiments from this State that are entitled to share the laurels won by this army in their "march to the sea," and which of itself alone is sufficient to render their names synonymous for courage, endurance, and patriotism. The following is the list referred to, with the names of their field officers:

List of Illinois Volunteers serving in Major General Sherman's army during his march from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
Regiment. Colonel. Lieutenant Colonel. Major.
7 Richard Rowett Hector Perrin Edward S. Johnson
9 m'td   Samuel T. Hughes William Padon
10 John Tillson David Gillespie George A. Race
12   Henry VanSellar Wheelock S. Merriman
14 Vet. George C. Rogers Lemuel O. Gilman Carlos C. Cox
15 Bat.      
16 Robert F. Smith James A. Chapman Charles Petrie
20 Daniel Bradley   George W. Kennard
26   Ira J. Bloomfield John B. Harris
30 Warren Shedd William Rhodes John P. Davis
31   Robert N. Pearson  
32   George H. English Henry Davidson
34   Peter Ege Peter F. Walker
40 Stephen G. Hicks Hiram W. Hall  
41     Robert H. McFadden
45 Robert P. Sealey   John O. Duer
48   Ashley T. Galbraith Edward Adams
50 William Hanna   Horace L. Burnham
52   Jerome B. Davis Albert C. Perry
53 John W. McClanahan   Roland H. Allison.
56 Green B. Raum John P. Hall James P. Files
57   Frederick J. Hurlbut Frederick A. Battey
60 William B. Anderson George W. Evans James M. McDonald


List of Volunteers — Concluded.
Regiment. Colonel. Lieutenant-Colonel. Major.
63 Joseph B. McCown James Isaminger Joseph K. Lemmon
64 John Morrill Michael W. Manning Joseph H. Reynolds
66 Andrew K. Campbell    
78   Maris R. Vernon George B. Greene
82 Edward S. Solomon   Ferdinand Rolshanson
85 Caleb J. Dilworth   Robert G. Rider
86   Allen L. Fahnestock  
90 Owen Stuart   Patrick Flynn
92 m'td Smith D. Atkins Mathew VanBuskirk Albert Woodcock
93 Nicholas C. Buswell   James M. Fisher
101 John B. LaSage   Napolean B. Brown
102 Franklin C. Smith Isaac McMannes Hiland H. Clay
103 George W. Wright Asias Willison Charles Wills
104 Douglas Hapeman   John H. Widmer
105 Daniel Dustin Everell T. Dutton Henry D. Brown
110   Ebenezer H. Topping Green M. Contrell
111 James S. Martin Joseph F. Black William H. Mabry
116   John E. Maddux John S. Windsor
125   James W. Langley John B. Lee
127   Frank S. Curtis Frank C. Gillet
129 Henry Case Thomas H. Flynn John A Hoskins
1st. — Co. C Joseph R. Channel    
1st. — Co. H Francis DeGrass    
2d. — Co. I Judson Rich    
11th. — Co. G Stephen S. Tripp    


The vast number of the citizens of the State who had enlisted and were serving in the army of the Union, at the beginning of the year, produced many cases of severe trial and serious inconvenience to the soldier, to remedy which, no enactment of the Legislature had been provided. By means of the Sanitary and Christian Commissions, and their indefatigable agents, the people had been, and still were, enabled to relieve and provide, to a very great extent, for a large class of wants and necessities not provided for by the Federal authorities; and through these voluntary organizations and humane instrumentalities the generous patriotism of the northern people poured their offerings with unstinted hand upon the army.

So wonderful in extent and effect, indeed, were these organizations, that it has been truly said that their rise and successful operations in the relief of the soldiers of the republic marked the existence of a new element in the history of civilized warfare.

Notwithstanding the good done, however, by these instrumentalities, it was perceived that there were still inconveniences and hardships endured by the soldiers not so peculiarly within the reach of these voluntary associations as they would be of agents coming by authority from the State, and clothed with the sanction of law, to look after the interests of the soldiers of the State, in whatever form their services might be needed. To meet these exigencies and provide relief against these wants of the soldier, the legislature of the State passed an act entitled "An act to authorize the Governor to appoint Military State Agents," which was approved February 16, 1865.

By the provisions of that act, your Excellency was authorized to appoint any number of agents, not exceeding six, who were to be "Military Agents of the State of Illinois," and were to be stationed at such places within the rebellious States, or elsewhere, as would best promote the interests of the volunteer forces in the United States army from this State.

By the further provisions of said act, your Excellency was authorized, by orders, from time to time, to prescribe the duties of said agents, and to adopt rules and regulations to govern their action, and to dismiss or recall


them for omission of duty, etc., etc.; and when appointed, they were to be commissioned and to enter at once upon their duties, and report monthly to the "office of the Adjutant General of this State."

As early after the approval of this act as suitable agents could be selected, your Excellency proceeded to fill those appointments; and on the first day of March the following order, No. 42, of date March 1, was issued from this office:

SPRINGFIELD, March 1, 1865.

General Orders No. 42.

SECTION 1. In pursuance of an act of the legislature, approved February 16, 1865, the following persons are hereby appointed Military State Agents for the State of Illinois, and assigned to duty at the several places respectively mentioned, to-wit:

T. P. Robb, of Chicago, at Memphis, Tenn.
H. D. Cook, of Woodford county, at the city of New York.
D. B. Morrill, of Winnebago county, at Louisville, Ky.
Jackson M. Sheets of Edgar county, at Nashville, Tenn.
Henry King, of Hancock county, at New Orleans, La.

SEC. 2. Said agents will at once report to the Adjutant General of the State, at Springfield, for duty, and after being commissioned and qualified, will proceed without delay to the places assigned for their location and duties.

SEC. 3. Each agent shall be authorized and required to look after the comfort and welfare of all sick, wounded or disabled soldiers of the United States army from Illinois, and also to the welfare, etc., of all such as may be absent, for any cause, from their respective companies.

SEC. 4. Said agents shall, from time to time, and as often as practicable, visit all hospitals or departments within the district in which he is or may be assigned to duty, and search out and discover, and aid all soldiers from Illinois who, for any cause, may be unable to accomplish for themselves that which may be useful and proper to be done.

SEC. 5. It shall be the duty of said agents to make report from month to month, and at the end of each month, of all their acts and doings in the line of their duty, and to furnish to the office of the Adjutant General all such data and information relative to the soldiers of this State as may be required to be furnished by orders or instructions from said office.

SEC. 6. Said agents will receive the sum of twelve hundred dollars per year, to be paid monthly. The salaries and all necessary expenditures incurred in aiding sick, wounded and disabled soldiers from Illinois at their respective agencies, will be paid, upon the order of the Governor, out of the fund appropriated by the legislature for the benefit of sick and wounded soldiers.

By order of his Excellency, the Governor of Illinois.

Adjutant General of Illinois.

After the appointments above referred to were announced, I at once proceeded to issue commissions to the several appointees (giving to them the honorary rank of colonel), and accompanying the same, sent the following letter of instructions:



To — :

Sir: Having been appointed one of the Military State Agents for the State of Illinois and assigned to duty at --, you are hereby directed, without undue delay, to repair at once to said place and enter upon the active discharge of your duties.

I inclose herewith General Orders No. 42, current series, from these headquarters, by which you will be governed and controlled.

It is expected that from the general outline of the duties laid down in this order, much will be left to the discretion and good judgment of the several agents; and until further and more specific instructions are given, these are deemed sufficient.

It is also expected that you will, on arrival at your post, report to the commanding officers; and thereafter, as far as possible, maintain cordial relations with all the military authorities within whose command you may come.

You will report your arrival to these headquarters by letter; and thereafter, from time to time, report your actions.

By order:
I. N. HAYNIE, Adjutant General.


By reference to a list of said officers attached hereto, it will be seen that Col. Bumgardner was added to the number named in said printed and published order, to date of the same day, thus filling up the number (six) authorized to be appointed; and that subsequently, Col. Wickizer was appointed, July 14, 1865, to fill vacancy of Col. Robb, whose resignation had been accepted, — Col. Sheets having been ordered to supply the place of Col. Robb, at Memphis, and Col. Wickizer sent to Nashville.

It will be also seen that on 26th July, Col. King, agent at New Orleans, resigned, who was succeeded by Col. Long.

In May, the exigencies of the service seemed to demand the presence of an agent, temporarily, at Washington; and since the services of Col. Cook and Col. Bumgardner were both demanded in the vicinity of Gen. Sherman's army in the south, at or near which they then were, Col. Newton Crawford was temporarily authorized to act at Washington, and did so until relieved by Col. Cook, in June, 1865.

At the time these several gentlemen entered upon the discharge of their duties, the vast armies of the union were in full activity, whilst the loyal States of the north were re-enforcing them with every possible energy.

As was natural, and to be expected, therefore, the Federal hospitals everywhere were filled with those gallant men who, from wounds or exposure, had been rendered unable to accompany the armies in the several campaigns then in progress. At Jefferson Barracks, Cairo, Memphis, Vicksburg, New Orleans, at Louisville, Nashville, Knoxville, Chattanooga, Philadelphia, New York, Washington, Savannah and Newbern, were hospitals, in which were to be found many of the soldiers of the State, requiring attention and aid.

To these several places, therefore, instructed as indicated before, these agents were dispatched. It may well be supposed that they found ample scope for their industry and zeal.

The good accomplished by them, and by the State through them, can not be over estimated. In every possible way relief was extended to the soldier; and they were made to feel, that although absent from their officers and comrades, yet still the State, through its agents, was looking to their welfare: and many a good citizen, now at home, doubtless has cause to be thankful for this timely and humane provision made by the legislature in behalf of the soldiers.

These arduous duties were, without interruption, continued until toward mid-summer of the year. In the meantime, hostilities had ceased, the discharge of the army had been completed, including most of the soldiers and patients in hospitals, and hence the services of these agents were no longer (all of them) needed; accordingly, the resignations of Col. Sheets, Col. Morrill and Col. Wickizer have been accepted; and, at this writing, Col. Bumgardner has been ordered to assume charge of the New Orleans agency, still rendered necessary by the fact that many of our troops, indeed most of them now in service, are in the Department of the South and in Texas. Upon his assuming charge of that agency, Col. Long will be relieved and his services dispensed with.

The vast number of soldiers of the State, now at home, having business at Washington before the departments and bureaus, and the fact that much aid can be rendered them and the widows and orphans of the State, in procuring, speedily, their pensions and back pay, bounties, etc., by an active, faithful and intelligent agent at the Capital, has caused it to be deemed just to retain an agent and station him there, with instructions to look, speedily, after all matters of this kind committed to his charge.

Col. Harry D. Cook is believed to possess all the qualifications requisite for such duties, and has, therefore, been ordered to repair to Washington, where he now is, and will remain until relieved by orders.

The annexed reports of the State Agents, appointed under the act of the legislature of 1865, are published with the view of showing the general scope of their duties, and the manner in which they were attended to.


Military State Agents of Illinois, appointed in pursuance of an act of the Legislature, approved February 16, 1865.
Name. Date of appointment. Where assigned. Remarks.
Col. Walter D. B. Morrill March 1, 1865 Louisville, Ky. Resigned Oct 31, 1865
Col. Selah W. King March 1, 1865 New Orleans, La. Resigned July 26, 1865
Col. Jackson M. Sheets March 1, 1865 Nashville, Tenn. Resigned Oct. 15, 1865
Col. T. P. Robb March 1, 1865 Memphis, Tenn. Resigned April 30, 1865
Col. B. F. Bumgardner March 1, 1865 Newbern, N. C.  
Col. Harry D. Cook March 1, 1865 Newbern, N. C., Washington, D. C.  
Col. John H. Wickizer July 14, 1865 Nashville, Tenn. Resigned Nov. 8, 1895
Col. Owen W. Long July 26, 1865 New Orleans, La.  
Col. Newton Crawford May 15, 1865 Washington, D. C.  

Monthly reports from each agent have been regularly received, and are on file in the office.

With but slight difference, the services rendered our soldiers do not change from those indicated herein.

LOUISVILLE, KY., May 1, 1865.

Adjutant General.

SIR: Having been commissioned by his Excellency, Governor Richard J. Oglesby, on the 1st day of March, 1865, and appointed Military State Agent for the State of Illinois, and assigned to the Western Department, with headquarters at Louisville, Ky., I repaired, without delay, to this place, and at once entered upon the discharge of the duties of my office, and for the months of March and April I now have the honor to submit to you the following report:

Immediately upon my arrival, I reported in person to Major General J. M. Palmer, commanding the Department of Kentucky. I was very cordially received by the General, who expressed himself as being highly pleased at the appointment of an agent to look after the interests of Illinois soldiers at this place. He assured me of every facility in his power to aid me in the discharge of my duties.

Immediately after securing a room for an office, I started upon a tour through the hospitals here, and across the river at Jeffersonville and New Albany, Ind. There are, in all, twenty at Louisville and the above-named places.

I found the condition of our soldiers generally very good. The hospitals, most of them, were neat, clean and well ventilated, and in good condition. I will mention two as being excellent in the highest degree: Jo. Holt U. S. general hospital, in charge of Major H. P. Stearns, since appointed Medical Director at Nashville, Tenn. This hospital accommodates fourteen hundred men. And the Jefferson U. S. general hospital, with a capacity for the accommodation of five thousand men. This is one of the most perfect institutions in this country; the best, decidedly, I have seen. It is under the charge of Major M. Goldsmith, and under his admirable supervision it has become so celebrated as to be visited by thousands through curiosity. It is sufficient to say that in neither of these institutions did I elicit a single complaint from any soldier.

At Crittenden U. S. general hospital I found great complaint of an insufficient quantity of food. I at once reported the fact to Assistant Surgeon General B. C. Wood, U. S. A., who immediately issued an order to the surgeon in charge, R. R. Taylor, to issue to the men at the full diet tables the full army ration of some articles, including bread. Since that, I have heard no more complaint from that cause. At Brown U. S. general hospital I found the same complaint, and found the same remedy at the hands of Col. Wood.


After making a thorough inspection of every ward in the hospitals here (except the small pox), I went to Madison, Ind., forty miles up the Ohio river, where there is a very extensive U. S. general hospital, in charge of Major John H. Ranch. There are nearly four miles of wards here. I went through every one, and saw and talked with every Illinois soldier, and I have none but words of the highest commendation to express the gratification. I felt at the perfect condition I found this institution; and, as at Jo. Holt and Jefferson, I could not elicit a single complaint of bad treatment, insufficiency of food, or neglect, from a single man. Than these three hospitals above named, there are none better or under abler surgeons, in my opinion, in the United States.

Having thus made the rounds of the several hospitals, involving a walk through the wards of over fifty miles, including the journey to and from them, and distributed my cards among our soldiers, business commenced to flow in upon me rapidly. Since that time I have, to a great extent been confined to my office. On Sundays I visit the hospitals, and at any other time when sent for by any soldier who can not come to see me, or send for what he may want.

As being perhaps the best way to report to you what the nature of my business is, I will give you an extract from my journal, from the first page I open to:

"April 13, 1865. At 8 o'clock, A. M., went to the hospital boat just in from Nashville this morning, with sick and disabled soldiers transferred from Nashville to this place; did them all the good I could, and then went to barracks Nos. 1 and 2 to attend to some business for Scudder and Myers; then went back to the office and worked two hours and got it cleared of applicants; then went to the Provost Marshal General's office to see about some of our boys who were in prison, who were there without any charges against them; back to my office which I found full of men again, wanting every conceivable thing. Disposed of them satisfactorily; wrote for a pass for C. Aikens to go to Huntsville, Ala.; wrote two letters for descriptive lists; wrote to Provost Marshal General for James Newhall; wrote two letters to Provost Marshal General for information about two men in military prison at Lexington, Ky.; wrote to Adjutant General of Department for information about the discharge papers of William Garrett; wrote to Provost Marshal General for pass for H. H. Klock, who brought a letter from the Governor's office: wrote an order on Dr. Hillman for a soldier; wrote for the effects of John McDaniel, who died at Bridgeport, Ala.; sent a telegraph dispatch; wrote an application to Dr. Butterbaugh, at Clay hospital, for the discharge of David C. Dunsith, etc., etc. Besides the above I wrote thirteen letters, gave out tobacco to probably fifty men, or sent it to them upon their orders, one of which I enclose as a curiosity to you, and it is a sample of a hundred others I have, and answered questions for a hundred men, I should think. Retired to my bed at three o'clock, A. M., 14th of April."

Thus I have been obliged to work, since I opened my office, from eighteen to twenty-one hours out of the twenty-four. I have effected a very important change in passing citizens to Tennessee. It did involve a needless expense of from eight to fifteen dollars, and a delay of from twenty-four to forty-eight hours. Now a pass is immediately granted upon my application, by special order from Major General Thomas.

There are very many instances where the immediate transfer of a soldier is highly important, in some instances even to the saving of human life, I have no doubt. By the ready accordance of his powerful assistance, Assistant Surgeon General R. C. Wood has placed the means at my disposal of effecting the special and immediate transfer of any soldier when I think it important to be done.

But it is needless for me to say what I have done or am doing; my duties are as multifarious as are the wants of man, and thus far I have tried to discharge them, with what success those whom I have endeavored to assist must say. There are now about two thousand Illinois soldiers in the hospitals and barracks in my department.


On the 1st of April I had the honor to forward to your office a list of the deaths in the hospitals here for the month of March. Accompanying this report, I send a list of all the deaths for the month of April. Were I asked what is the greatest evil which the soldier, who is away from his regiment, has to complain of, I should answer the want of his descriptive list. I can trace more evils directly and indirectly resulting from this cause than to all others combined. Every soldier in the French army carries his own descriptive list, and there can be no doubt in the mind of any man who has seen the terrible injustice of the working of our system, but that it would be far better, on every account, were our soldiers not only allowed but required to do the same.

In concluding this report, I will say a word respecting my intercourse with the officers with whom I have had business relations. They are, without exception, of the most cordial and pleasant character. I came here an entire stranger. I now feel that I am among friends, and their friendship has been manifested to me in all the acts of courtesy in social intercourse, and in according to me every facility to aid me in the discharge of my duties that is possible for gentlemen to give or receive.

I will mention the names of Major General J. M. Palmer, Assistant Surgeon General R. C. Wood, U. S. A., and Captain L. B. Folsom, Provost Marshal General, as officers and gentlemen who have earned my warmest gratitude for the invaluable assistance they have rendered me in the discharge of my duties. General Palmer remarked to me that my field of labor was an exceedingly interesting one, and that I should find a great work ready for me. And I have, indeed, found it true.

In concluding my report, I will say that if I fail in any degree in the full discharge of my whole duty to the soldier, it will be through no fault of or lack in the officers with whom I have become acquainted.

As being fitting and proper for me to do so, I will advert to the awful tragedy that has swept over America like a wave of woe. Tongue can not express the grief that weighs down the spirit, and presses on every heart that throbs for liberty. We seemed hurled backward twenty centuries to the forum of Rome, with dead Caesar at our feet. But we mourn not the proud conqueror — an ambitious Caesar — but the great heart, so pure and good that a nation loved him; the mighty, changeless will that held millions of traitors in awe and dread; that wonderful intellect that has guided us in safety through seas of blood into sight of the haven of peace. We do not know our loss; we can not realize or comprehend the greatness of Abraham Lincoln. The dwellers on the mountain side can not see the mountain. When our children's children shall look back from the great plane of the future, they will see him in all the sublimity and grandeur of his colossal proportions. But we, today, remember his goodness and purity, his firm will, true to the country in its hour of its peril, his honesty of purpose, the nobility of the man, can find no words to express a universal woe. In sad, in solemn silence, we bow down our heads; we weep bitter, blinding tears for thee, great heart; noble, magnanimous soul; since Washington, thy country's noblest birth. Our Lincoln — dead! Almighty Nation in its grief bids thee All Hail and Farewell!


NEWBERN, N. C., May 18, 1865.

Brig. Gen. I. N. HAYNIE,
Adjutant General, Springfield, Illinois.

SIR: Since my last report to you, dated April 29th, I have been operating here alone, and am happy to report, have been generally successful. I have assisted quite a number of our men pecuniarily and otherwise; but the aid that is most appreciated by them is to know that the agent is doing all he can to get them sent away from here, north and homeward.

The officers of the Foster general hospital are mostly eastern men, and I have learned with regret that there exists not a very friendly feeling between our men and the doctors in charge of the hospital. There evidently is an ill feeling between eastern and western troops; at any rate, Dr. Cowgle, surgeon


in charge of the general hospital at Newbern, was not sending away our men fast enough either to suit them or me. I concluded to report to Gen. Schofield in person, and see what could be done in the matter. Last Saturday I took the train for Raleigh, and arrived there Sunday morning about 9 o'clock, the 14th inst., a distance from Newborn 109 miles; passed through Goldsboro. Sunday as it was, I waited on the General; found him in good health. He seemed to be rejoiced to see an Illinoisan, as we were near neighbors. He spoke of Gov. Oglesby as an esteemed friend, and wished to be remembered to him. I made known my business, and gave him an idea of things as they existed at Newbern. He seemed to understand the difficulty at once, and would apply a remedy by ordering all Sherman's men not under medical treatment to be discharged on their descriptive lists, and those without a descriptive list to be sent north immediately. I came back satisfied our men would not be detained now, as much as the doctors wished to keep them. Yesterday Dr. Cowgle sent 350 to Moorhead City to take a steamer for the City of New York. I went down to Moorhead City with them to put them on board the steamer; returned after night. Tomorrow the last lot will leave for Alexandria, Va.

I found quite a number of our men in different portions of the hospital that had been detained here for three months or longer, and the doctor had no idea of parting with them for some time. I talked with him, and said it was not using our boys right — they ought to have their turn with the others; but no, "they could not be spared yet; their places could not be filled." I told him other men could learn as well as our men did. During the time these men have been in the hospital, there has been as many as ten thousand patients admitted and gone, and now but few left. I have made special inquiries in regard to Illinois soldiers in hospitals, and find, after this last order, they will all be sent north, and in consequence I will leave this place in a few days, and notify you on my arrival at Alexandria. I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of a printed report of Illinois soldiers in the field; also, yours of the 11th inst. came duly to hand this day. I will send it to the Colonel.

I have the honor to submit this report, hoping it may prove as satisfactory to your honor as my feeble efforts have been realized by our boys.

I remain, General, your most obedient and humble servant,

MEMPHIS, TENN., March 31, 1865.

Brigadier General I. N. HAYNIE, Adjutant General, Illinois.

SIR: Agreeably to your late instructions, I have the honor to forward herewith the following report:

The following Illinois troops are stationed at this post: 113th and 120th regiments infantry; 4th, 5th, 11th and 12th regiments cavalry; Co. G, 1st regiment light artillery; Co. K, 2d regiment light artillery. The sanitary and police candition of these regiments are good. New and comfortable barracks have been erected for their use. Water is good, and their surroundings are generally pleasant. As usual at this season of the year, sickness from malarious diseases is on the increase. For the purpose of having sick soldiers more under the immediate care of the officers of their regiments, field hospitals have been ordered. All cases of a chronic or lingering character are taken to the United States general hospitals. Whole number of Illinois troops sick in field hospitals, March 18, was 221; taken sick during the week ending March 25, 202; showing a very considerable increase. Whole number sick in field hospitals, 423. We have eight United States hospitals at this post. Whole number of patients (all states) this date, 2, 568; of that number, 468 are from Illinois.


Whole number of patients in U. S. general hospitals, other States 1,900
Whole number of patients in U. S. general hospitals, from Illinois 468
Whole number of patients in field hospitals, other States 700
Whole number of patients in field hospitals, from Illinois 423
Aggregate number of patients in general and field hospitals, Memphis 3,491

The above general summary shows 891 sick and wounded Illinois soldiers at this post.

The condition of the sick in general hospitals is not as good as I could wish, or as it might be were we able to obtain articles of diet. The shipments by benevolent societies north have been wholly, during the past three months, inadequate to the demand. Memphis, commercially speaking, is the receiving and shipping point for sick and wounded soldiers, or "Rendezvous des Invalides" for the different army corps on and adjacent to the Mississippi river. Today all the beds in hospitals may be occupied; tomorrow, five hundred beds may be vacant. At no time, however, is the number of patients reduced below 2,500. Scarce a day passes that the attention of the agent is not called to cases of great destitution from among Illinois soldiers. Money can be used at all times to great advantage, in relieving the wants of these brave men. It is very necessary that a military agent in the field should be able to answer all questions in relation to his State troops, as well as to judge of their wants and welfare. To facilitate his duties, and to enable him to answer understandingly the numerous questions asked of him, I would respectfully recommend that you furnish the agents with all orders from the executive of the State and those from the War Department, touching Illinois troops in the field.

The time intervening between the receipt of my late commission and your instructions accompanying the same, and the date of this report, has not been sufficient to enable me to report the condition of all the Illinois troops in the department to which I have been assigned. My further reports, however, will contain all necessary information.

I am in receipt of your communication of the 24th inst., with draft on New York for $498.75 inclosed, for the relief of Illinois soldiers in this department.

I am, General, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
(Signed) T. P. ROBB,
Colonel and Agent.

NASHVILLE, TENN., August 31, 1865.

GENERAL: I have the honor herewith to transmit the report of operations and expenditures in my department for the month of August, 1865.

At the close of the month of July ult., there remained of Illinois soldiers in the general hospital at Nashville one hundred and ninety-seven (197), belonging to various regiments, some of which regiments had been mustered out of service for some time, but the soldiers were kept in hospital because the surgeon in charge had no official knowledge that their regiments were mustered out. In this there is no blame to attach to the surgeon in charge, for he would not act on vague and uncertain reports. I at once gave to the surgeon in charge official notice, from your official report to me of what Illinois regiments were mustered out, which procured their immediate discharge, to the infinite delight of about fifty Illinois boys. I visited the hospital almost daily, looking after the wants and comfort of the sick and wounded, talking with them and giving them all the good cheer and solace I was capable of. I believe this alone was of very great value to the poor fellows, for they would brighten up and express much gratitude for the interest their State seemed to take in them by sending a special messenger to look after them.


I found most of the soldiers at the hospital entirely without money, being absent from their regiments and generally without descriptive list; they had not been paid for many months, and some not for a year. In such cases, I gave each a dollar to buy tobacco and postage stamps, which always elicited emotions and expressions of gratitude toward their "noble State."

In obedience to the order of his Excellency, Governor Oglesby, "to visit the general hospitals in this department," I proceeded on the 10th inst., first to Chattanooga, where I found only three Illinois soldiers, and these able to be on duty at the hospital. I next visited the general hospital on Lookout Mountain, five miles from Chattanooga, but found no Illinois soldiers there. I then proceeded to Atlanta, Ga., where I found thirty-two (32) Illinois soldiers in hospital — twenty-seven from the 150th, four from the 149th, and one from the 147th regiments. I found the hospital in good condition, the patients, well cared for, and generally doing well. Amongst our poor soldiers here, I dispensed a good deal of cheerfulness and some little money, all of which was gratefully received.

Whilst I was at Atlanta, ten poor blacks were brought to the hospital who had been shot and badly wounded by the "high-toned chivalry" about six miles from Atlanta. General Samson, commandant of the post, at once dispatched a sergeant of cavalry to arrest the amiable perpetrators of the chivalric deed; but whether he succeeded or not, I have not learned. I opine that this people will need the mollifying and persuasive influence of the bayonet for some time. I found the white male citizens of Atlanta reticent and subdued; mournfully, but sullenly, looking upon the desolation of the track of Mars. But the women are still violently rebellious, spitefully curling the lip and turning up the nasal organ at our soldiers and northern ladies. It is to be hoped they will learn better manners by mingling freely with the Yankee "mudsills," who are now coming plentifully among them.

From Atlanta I returned to Chattanooga, thence to Knoxville, Tenn., where I found no Union soldiers. I think the whole force in East Tennessee is composed of loyal Tennessee troops.

It is a pleasing spectacle to behold and contemplate, that in East Tennessee, where the people were generally loyal to the government, they have almost entirely escaped the desolations of war; the farms are in good condition, the houses and fences are unharmed, and were it not for the forts and blockhouses along the line of the road, the traveler would not suspect that the country had ever heard the tread of hostile armies.

Another noticeable fact in East Tennessee is the country is divided up into smaller farms, and cultivated chiefly by free white labor, hence the loyalty of that part of the State.

From Knoxville I returned to Chattanooga, thence to Huntsville, Ala. Here I found forty-four Illinois soldiers in hospital, forty-three from the 7th cavalry, and one from the 6th cavalry.

The 7th cavalry had been stationed at Decatur, Ala., which proved to be a very sickly point for our soldiers; some two hundred and fifty were reported in their regimental hospital; but on the 20th inst., the regiment was removed to Madison Station, within ten miles of Huntsville, which is said to be a very healthy point.

I remained two days at Huntsville, administering heart and cheerfulness, and material aid to the sick soldiers, to the extent of my ability and discretion. Huntsville is a very pleasant and healthy place, the water is most excellent and in great abundance; atmosphere charmingly pure and healthful; hospital well conducted — the patients doing well.

The town shows but few marks of the ravages of war; but the people are said to be like those of Atlanta, greatly in need of a change of heart to become good, loyal citizens.

From Huntsville I proceeded to Nashville, where I arrived on the 22d inst., having been fourteen days in visiting the various hospitals. Here I learned that some thirty Illinois soldiers were confined in military prison, (the state penitentiary,) for various military offences, such as desertion, drunkenness


and insubordination, sentinels sleeping on their posts, etc., etc. I at once called on Major General Thomas, whom I found to be a most amiable gentleman, and has a most tender regard for the poor soldier. I modestly and respectfully suggested to the General that it now seemed to me proper that these poor fellows should be released, as the war was over, and they had faithfully and heroically fought for their country for three years or more, but, unfortunately, when their work was about done, and the glorious victory achieved, they had committed slight military offences, perhaps through an excess of joy and bad whisky; that it now seems to me that they should be pardoned by a magnanimous country, whose flag they had defended and maintained so gallantly. From the General's reply to this appeal, I have no doubt, that in all cases where the imprisonment is strictly for military offences, he will release them; so by my next report I hope to have the pleasure to announce that all Illinois soldiers are released from the military prison.

It will be seen by the report herewith attached, that on this 31st August there are only sixty-three Illinois soldiers in the hospital at this place; and these are all doing well, and will soon be able to go home or to join their commands. In conclusion, I may remark, that all the hospitals I have visited are in excellent condition, and the patients are humanely, and I presume skillfully attended.

There is a very marked improvement in the care, attention and comfort, in all the military hospitals, since the earlier part of the war.

Whilst it would be improper for me to make any invidious distinctions as to the merits of the different hospitals, for, as above remarked, all I have visited are well and humanely conducted, yet I may say, that the Cumberland hospital, at Nashville, under the superintendence of Major Clark, surgeon in charge, seems to me pre-eminent in all that can conduce to the well being and physical wants of the patients. Dr. Clark is a gentleman of humane and generous impulses, and has a sympathy for his patients, which is often more potent in restoring health to the poor soldier than pills and medicine. Dr. Clark (or Dr. Cloak) has been peculiarly prompt, also, in discharging and sending home all patients, where it was at all proper to do so. Such a surgeon in the army is a public benefactor.

The patients at this hospital, so far as the physical wants are concerned, and all that pertains to cleanliness and comfort, and medical attention, are much better off here than the majority of them would be at home. But still there is a great anxiety with all volunteers to return to their homes, now that the war is over, and they besiege me daily to intercede for them to go home. I administer consolation by telling them I have no doubt all will be mustered out this fall. I entreat them to be patient, faithful and obedient a little longer, and they will receive the grateful applause of their State and fellow citizens when they do come home.

It will be seen by the report herewith attached, that the chief expenditures of this month have been incurred in visiting the hospitals of this department; but I am satisfied that their visitation has been a most excellent and beneficent one, and the State an hundred fold repaid by the heartfelt gratitude of the brave citizen soldiers whose wants and necessities have been so generously looked after by the Governor of their State. Should peril again menace us, these soldiers will not be found wanting.

I herewith inclose receipts in all cases where it was practicable to obtain them. For the balance of the expenditures, I respectfully beg you to rely upon my honor.

I am, General,
Most respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Mil. Agt. for Illinois.

Brig. Gen. I. N. HAYNIE,
Springfield, Illinois.


NEW ORLEANS, LA., Oct. 1, 1865.

General I. N. HAYNIE,
Adjt. Gen. of Illinois.

SIR: I have the honor to forward to you this communication, as my report of the military agency of Illinois in this city, for the month of September, 1865.

Since my last report, no change of much importance has occurred in this department.

Herewith annexed, you will please find a report from general headquarters, containing a list of all Illinois organizations in this division, with their commanding officers, strength and station. General Sheridan has lately returned from Texas, and I have asked for a list of those regiments from Illinois that may soon expect to be mustered out of service, if consistent with military regulations.

No reply to my application for the discharge of William Githland, company B, 76th Illinois volunteers, has as yet been made, in consequence of that regiment being far off in Texas.

I am sorry to say that I am still denied access to the reports of regimental surgeons and those in charge of hospitals, in the office of the Medical Director in this division, by which the monthly report of deaths could be made out and forwarded home for publication.

The health of our troops in this division for the past month has been very good, excepting the prevalence of an epidemic remittent fever called "break-bone fever," which, although not fatal, is yet for several days very distressing. This fever has prevailed very extensively throughout the whole region, both officers and men being alike exposed to its attacks. As yet I have not heard of one single fatal case.

During the past month I have obtained the muster out of many of our men who were sent from the several hospitals to be forwarded to their respective regiments, to the camp of distribution. These men were all convalescent, yet feeble and still unfit to discharge the duty of the soldier.

Many men of the 36th Illinois volunteers, now being mustered out in this city, where they have been on duty for some time past, have elected to remain here, and have required my assistance in obtaining this privilege.

The number of sick in our hospitals at this time, from Illinois, does not exceed one hundred and fifteen, and are all doing well, the most of them being convalescent, and rapidly recovering their health.

The number of deaths in these hospitals the past month has been unusually small.

The United States Sanitary Commission, in this city, has this day closed its doors and ceased its operations.

Through the kindness of Dr. George A. Blake, its able, efficient and gentlemanly agent in this city, I have been supplied with many articles that will be serviceable to our soldier boys that may need them. My office is daily visited by many of them who would gladly and thankfully receive them; and I only regret that the supply on hand is so small that it must soon be exhausted.

Our city will soon be crowded with our returning soldiers from Texas, and the remittance forwarded by his Excellency, Gov. Oglesby, will be just in time to meet many wants that could not otherwise be relieved. I shall endeavor to make a judicious use of it, so as to insure the greatest amount of good to the greatest number of men.

The instructions contained in the communication of his Excellency were similar to those I had previously received from yourself, and have always been complied with on my part.


I have carefully looked after the condition of our troops, keeping them advised of all necessary information about their regiments, their rights and their treatment; seeing to their papers, their health, their transfers, their furloughs and discharges; and visiting and assisting and comforting the sick in our hospitals, and also in receiving them and attending to all their wants at my office in this city.

My application for the muster out of the supernumerary non-commissioned officers of the 11th Illinois volunteers, transferred to the 8th and 46th Illinois volunteers, has not as yet been responded to from general headquarters, but I informally understand that it has met with success, and that these men will soon be mustered out of the service, so that they may speedily return to their homes in the north.

In my last to you, of date September 20th, inst., I requested you to forward to me in this city my salary for August and September, also my account for expenses up to that time.

The additional expenses incurred since that time have amounted to the sum of $15, which, added to the previous bill, makes for the month of September $38, as per bill rendered.

Our boys are becoming very impatient for the good time coming when they can all return to their families and homes. When, or how long that may be is not yet known to any of us. I think our men were subjected to a very great injustice in receiving their mileage, or in its computation by paymasters. The distance home by the shortest mail route (which is by Mobile) is about 350 miles shorter to St. Louis than by the way of the Mississippi river, which all are compelled to take. Paymasters say this is in accordance with special orders and there is no remedy for it.

During the past month I have received many letters from wives and friends at home, inquiring after their husbands and friends in the army. These calls have always been promptly attended to, and information returned as speedily as possible.

I am happy to say that the most cordial good feeling still exists between your agent and all the military authorities in this military department.

I have the honor to remain,
Your obedient servant,
Col. and Mil. Agt. of Illinois at New Orleans.

NEW YORK, June 30, 1865.

Brigadier General I. N. HAYNIE,
Adjutant General, Springfield, Illinois.

GENERAL: I have the honor to report that business connected with the agency at this place has progressed as satisfactorily during the month of June as could, under all the circumstances, be expected.

On the 14th inst., the paymaster located at the New England rooms, together with several others and a number of mustering officers, were ordered to Elmira, N. Y., for the purpose of mustering out and paying off a number of regiments returned home from the field, and rendezvoused at that place. This checked the progress which was then being made in mustering out and paying off men sent from the hospitals to this city to be paid. During the temporary and partial suspension of mustering out and paying off men here, I concluded to make a trip to hospitals in some of the New England States, as I was unable to determine how far our men had been sent in that direction, having found more or less of them in nearly every hospital from North Carolina to David's Island, twenty-two miles up East river from this city. I came to the conclusion that it was important to learn that fact. I accordingly left this city on the evening of the 19th inst., and returned on the 24th. I first visited the Lovell hospital at Portsmouth Grove, near Newport, R. I., where I found thirty-nine of our men. Nothing had been done by way of mustering out or discharging them, and everything looked a good deal as though the surgeon in charge and his assistants thought


they had a good thing, and I found on talking with the men that they had unanimously come to the same conclusion. I very frankly told the surgeon so, and asked him why he did not proceed to discharge the men in accordance with orders from the War Deparsment; that he had no right to retain them in hospital and make no effort to get them out. He had not even sent for descriptive lists for the men who came there without any. I told him that such a course would not be approved by the authorities at Washington or New York, and a different policy should at once be entered upon; that the men in his hospital were nearly all well and anxious to go home, and the government desired that they be sent home as fast as possible. I need not say that our men were delighted to see some one looking after their interests, and as I left the hospital to go on board the boat, the effective force of the hospital came out and gave three hearty cheers for Illinois. I acknowledged the compliment thus paid to the State, and said to them they cheered remarkably well for men on hospital rations, and bid them goodbye, determined to see that something be done at once to get them off home; or, in other words, that they get their rights. I went directly from Portsmouth Grove to Boston, Mass.; from there to Manchester, N. H., and this was the first place I found where they had not received any Illinois men. From Manchester I went to Worcester, Mass.; from there to New Haven, Conn.; then to this city. The authorities in Boston told me that the hospitals near that city were being broken up, and that they had discharged or transferred all Illinois men; hence I did not spend time to visit the hospitals near that place. The last man we had at Worcester was discharged the day I was there, and the last one at New Haven was discharged on the 13th inst. I think this trip was necessary and important, because I am satisfied much good at Portsmouth has and will result from it, and I now know just where all of our men in this part of the country are, having found a line beyond which our men had not been sent.

On my return to this city, I reported the condition of things at Portsmouth Grove hospital to the Medical Director, and the result was a mustering officer was at once sent there to muster out the men, and three of our men have just arrived in this city on their way home from that hospital, which shows that the good work has at last commenced.

On the 12th inst., I visited Fort Wood, on Bedloe's Island, New York harbor, and Fort Columbus, on Governor's Island, near this city. At Fort Wood I found fourteen of our men, nine of them veterans, and two have been received there since the 12th, making sixteen, the highest number at the fort during the month. At Fort Columbus I found nine of our men — seven veterans and two non-veterans. Most of these men had been at these forts for some considerable time, and the officers in charge said they could do nothing with them until they received orders from General Hunt, at New York City; that orders governing hospitals did not apply to forts.

As soon as I could get an interview with Col. Howe, President of the New England Soldiers' Relief Association, I laid this matter before him, and suggested the propriety of my writing him a letter setting forth the grievances complained of by our men in this locality, and, as he was personally acquainted with General Hunt, that he submit my statements to him, and urge action on his part to have a remedy applied to remove the grievances complained of by the men.

Col. Howe approved of my suggestion, and said he would do all he could to help the matter along; hence, on the 19th inst., I wrote a letter to Col. Howe on the subject, a copy of which is herewith inclosed. On my return from my New England trip, Col. Howe told me that he called on General Hunt and submitted my letter to him, and urged him to take some action on the subject. The result was General Hunt wrote a strong letter to the authorities at Washington (which he read to Col. Howe), submitting or naming the grievances named in my letter, and urged that something be done to remedy the grievances complained of. Col. Howe said he left General Hunt, satisfied that something would be done in the matter at once. How much this action effected I can not definitely say, but one thing is true, all Illinois men at Fort Columbus have been disposed of since the 19th inst., and only three are left


at Fort Wood, and the officer in charge said to me that they would be sent to their regiments during the coming week, they not being liable to discharge under present orders.

I was desirous to report all of our men by giving name, rank, company and regiment, but found I could not well do so, as the hospital records are being used constantly in making up papers on which to discharge men.

The following statement exhibits the progress made in getting our men in this locality mustered out, discharged, transferred, etc., during the month, and the number remaining on hand yet to be disposed of, which I trust will be satisfactory:

Name of Hospital or Fort. Where located. No. on hand first of June and received during the month Mustered out Discharged Sent to reg't. Died Present on the last day of month
DeCamp David's Island, N.Y. 221 121 28   4 68
McDougal Ft. Schuyler, N.Y. 106 45 22     39
Lovell Portsmouth Grove, R.I. 39 3       36
Ward Newark, N.J. 22 6 1 1   14
Ft. Wood Bedloe's Island, N.Y. 16 4   9   3
Ft. Columbus Governor's Island, N.Y. 9 2   7    
Total   413 181 51 17 4 160

When I first came to this city, in May last, there was one hundred and forty-three of our men in Grant hospital, Long Island, but this hospital was broken up on the third of this month, and the men on hand transferred to hospitals at Fort Schuyler and David's Island. It will be seen from the above list that only one hundred and sixty of our men remain in this region, and that two hundred and forty-nine have been mustered out, discharged or sent to their regiments during the month, and, as the work is going on as rapidly as ever, and the arrivals nearly ceased, and the men on hand being in good condition, it seems reasonable to conclude that our men will nearly all be away in two or three weeks, and at farthest, the month of July will undoubtedly see them all away from this locality.

The Medical Director told me today that he would break up the hospital at Portsmouth Grove in two or three weeks at farthest, and the breaking up of the others would soon follow. This being the case, and as the New England Association take a great interest in the welfare of our men, my opinion is that it will be unnecessary to continue the services of a regular agent at this place. I therefore respectfully suggest that I be transferred to some place where my services are more needed than here, or allowed to return to Illinois, as in your judgment will best promote the interests of the service.

I forward herewith a statement of expense incurred during the month; all of which is respectfully submitted.

I am, General, your obedient servant,
(Signed.) HARRY D. COOK,
Military State Agent.

NEW YORK, June 19, 1865.
Colonel FRANK E. HOWE,
President New England Soldiers' Relief Association,
194 Broadway, New York City,

COLONEL: As an agent for the State of Illinois, appointed and instructed by the Governor of said State, to aid its soldiers in whatever pertains to their interests, and not inconsistent with the general interest of the military service of the country, I desire most respectfully to present to you some of the prominent grievances under which our soldiers are laboring at the present


time in this locality, and in their behalf respectfully ask your hearty cooperation in securing a prompt redress of the grievances of which they complain. There is, at the present time, over three hundred Illinois soldiers in the several hospitals and forts of New York harbor. Many of these men have been in the service three years, some of them more than three years. They entered the army in the valley of the Mississippi river, in the early part of the rebellion, have served under Gen. Grant in his memorable campaigns in that valley, subsequently under Gen. Sherman in his wonderful campaign through the States of Tennessee, Georgia, North and South Carolina, and being worn out by constant service and long marches were from time to time placed in hospitals at Savannah, Wilmington, Beaufort, Newburn and others along the coast, thus being separated from their companies and regiments. They have, from time to time, been transferred from the aforesaid hospitals to this locality, where they now are. Some of these men are permanently disabled from wounds received, and other causes, while in the line of duty in the field; others, after proper rest, have become comparatively well. Some few are veterans, able for duty, and still they are retained in hospital, receiving only hospital rations, which are insufficient for well men, or men who have been sick or prisoners of war and are now recovering their former appetite. Many of these men have not been home since they entered the service, and most of them have not been paid for many months; many have families, and during their absence the hand of affliction has been laid heavily upon them; in some cases, the wife and mother have been removed by death, in many cases leaving the children not only helpless, but destitute of even the necessaries of life. In other cases, children have died; and the mother and wife, from the depths of her stricken heart, is writing to the father and husband, saying to him (in many cases using these words,) "now that the war is over, and the government safe, come home to us." I have seen many letters of this kind during the past month. I need not say to you, that no man fit for a Federal soldier could fail to be deeply moved by such loving and patriotic appeals from his loved ones at home. It would indeed be very consoling if the wife or children, or both, could be permitted to visit the father and husband, but even this in numerous cases can not be. The long distance to be traveled, together with an entire lack of means to defray expenses, rise up as insurmountable obstacles, and as the soldier looks at this unwelcome but stern reality, he asks "why am I detained in hospital far from my home, with not the least possibility of doing my country any good thereby, and only adding to its already heavy burden in the form of a national debt? Is there no way by which I can be sent home, or at least transferred to my State?" There is another class of men with different surroundings: I refer to single or unmarried men. Many of this class are well, nearly all convalescent. These men, especially from the far west, represent very generally the agricultural interest — are either farmers or the sons of farmers, under age; they say that it is near harvest, and in case they can get home, it will be greatly to their pecuniary interest, as wages will be high. In many cases fathers are writing to their sons, that unless they can get home to aid them in the approaching harvest, they will be compelled to pay two or three dollars a day for men to fill their places, while their sons are retained in the hospital under pay at sixteen dollars per month and inadequate rations. I will only name one other class, viz: veterans; they say they are willing to remain during their term of enlistment, if the government desires them to do so, and they only ask to be sent to their regiments. They say they did not enlist as veterans to serve out their term in a hospital, on sick men's rations. This class of men, that are not to be discharged under present orders, would be satisfied, if sent to their regiments; and there are many of them that are becoming debilitated because they do not receive rations necessary for well men. It is true that some of these different classes of men are being mustered out and discharged; but unless the force of mustering officers and paymasters is early increased, many of them will be compelled to spend the entire season in these hospitals.

I will close by stating that it does seem to me that these men are entitled to earnest and immediate consideration; and having been a soldier myself for over three years, during the present war, I naturally sympathize most deeply with these men; and may I ask you to give this subject your earnest consideration, and endeavor so to represent the whole matter to the proper


authorities, that these soldiers may find full and speedy relief; for I know, and all must feel, that these men are worthy of the highest consideration, and the government can not afford, neither do the men believe that the government preserved by their patriotism and valor will, when made acquainted with the facts, allow them to leave its service dissatisfied with the treatment and consideration received at its hands.

I desire you to understand, that although I have written this communication in behalf of Illinois soldiers, as an agent for that State, I feel that, with few exceptions, the principles involved are of a general character, and should be so considered and acted upon.

I have the honor to be, Colonel, your obedient servant,
(Signed.) H. D. COOK.
Colonel and Military Agent for the State of Illinois.

NEW YORK, July 10, 1865.

Colonel WM. J. SLOAN,
Medical Director Department of the East, New York City.

COLONEL: I have the honor to submit for your consideration the following statement, viz.: In March last I was appointed and commissioned by the Governor of Illinois as military agent for that State, and the Atlantic coast assigned as my field of labor. I at once accepted the appointment, and entered upon the duties of my office, commencing at Newbern, North Carolina. My instructions from the Governor make it my duty to visit the United States hospitals along said coast, as often as I deem it necessary, for the purpose of seeing the soldiers belonging to the military organizations of the State of Illinois, to ascertain their condition and treatment, and supply any necessary articles of food or clothing that may be necessary, which could not otherwise be obtained; also, to render any necessary aid I can, in regard to their records or papers, and do anything in my power, (not inconsistent with the military service of the country) to relieve the ever recurring wants of the soldier.

I arrived in New York on the 6th of May last, and the 8th reported at your headquarters, exhibited my authority, and was very kindly and promptly furnished by you with a general pass to visit the hospitals in your department at pleasure, in which business I have been since constantly engaged. On the 20th day of last June I visited Lovell hospital, located at Portsmouth Grove, Rhode Island. I was met at the landing by the officer of the day, to whom I presented your pass, was conducted to the hospital headquarters, where I made known my business, and asked to pass through the wards and see the Illinois men, get their names, rank, company and regiment. Major O'Leary, surgeon in charge, was not present at the time, but an officer with the rank of first lieutenant, whom I took for his assistant, sent an orderly with me, and I commenced passing through the wards. After passing through several, an orderly came to me and said the surgeon in charge desired to see me. I immediately went to headquarters, and Surgeon O'Leary said he did not know by what authority I was passing through the hospital taking the names of the men. I told him I exhibited my pass to the officer of the day, was furnished with an orderly to go with me, and supposed I was all right. I then showed the pass I had the honor to receive from you, and he said I could go on. I returned and passed through one or two more wards, when I was told by a ward-master that he had just received orders not to give me the names of Illinois men in his ward. I again repaired to headquarters and said to Major O'Leary that if he said I should not take the names of Illinois men I would leave. He then told an orderly to tell the ward-master to let me take the names of Illinois men. I then returned and passed through all the remaining wards. I found, in all, thirty-nine men belonging to Illinois regiments, and one Illinois man belonging to a Missouri regiment. I talked freely with the men in regard to their treatment, character and quantity of their rations, (knowing from experience that this is an important item with the soldier) and also whether their descriptive lists were at the hospital, and answered many questions in regard to matters pertaining to their interests generally; and I must say that I never visited any place where I found such general dissatisfaction as at this hospital — it seemed to be


universal. They complained of their treatment generally, and of the quantity and quality of the rations furnished, and that they could get no satisfactory answer in regard to their business matters. I tried to encourage them, and told them to be patient and orderly, that I would do everything I could to get them off, and presumed that mustering out would soon commence, although at that time nothing of that kind had been done. After having a little talk at headquarters, it being by this time near sundown, and there being no means of getting away that night, I, with some trouble, made my way past the guard by aid of your valuable pass, and secured accommodations for the night at a farm house about one mile outside the lines. At 7 o'clock a. m., next morning, I passed through the hospital grounds to the boat, and proceeded on my journey. The above is a brief statement of the treatment I received on my first visit to Lovell hospital.

On Friday last I received two letters from men in Lovell hospital, stating that although mustering out had commenced, that no Illinois men were being mustered out, and that they were told by the clerk "that Surgeon O'Leary had ordered him not to make out any papers for Illinois men, as the State agent had told him he was going to have his men transferred to their State, and that he was looking for the transfer to come." One letter stated that "papers for three hundred men or more had been made out, but they will not make out any for an Illinois man." Soldiers arriving in this city from Lovell hospital have stated that Surgeon O'Leary said "the State agent had undertook to get the Illinois men out, and now let him get them out." I may have said to the surgeon that I thought the Governor would make application to have Illinois men transferred to the State; that I had written him on the subject and thought the application would be made; but this in no way justified the surgeon in withholding from Illinois men the rights accorded to men from other States, under existing orders. It seems strange, indeed that such a strict constructionist as Surgeon O'Leary should proceed to act upon a passing remark, such as I made, as he would under a regular order, or in any way suspend the operations of any orders in his possession, for any such reason as offered.

It was under these circumstances that I decided to make a second visit to Lovell hospital, to ascertain exactly why it was that Illinois men were denied rights to which they were entitled, and which were being granted to those of other States.

I arrived at said hospital on the 8th inst., about 9 o'clock a. m., showed my pass to the officer of the day and went with him to the surgeon's headquarters; was introduced by him to Surgeon O'Leary, who merely remarked that he would see Col. Cook in his office. I was soon notified that the surgeon wished to see me; I went in his office; he said when I was last there I violated military discipline by communicating with soldiers without first coming to headquarters, and that I talked to the men in a manner calculated to create insubordination among them. I peremptorily denied having done anything of the kind, and pronounced the charge without the least foundation, and asked him to produce the man or men that I thus talked to, or show any conduct on the part of the men that would warrant such a charge. This he refused to do, or allow me to; but called the officer of the day and ordered him to see that I was at once placed outside the lines. He refused to allow me to remain until the boat which brought me there returned from Newport, or to take passage from the landing. The officer of the day called an orderly, who conducted me past the guard in the direction of the railroad. I was thus summarily and insultingly placed outside the lines, with a commission from my Governor, with the title of Colonel, and your pass in my pocket. Fortunately, a train of cars soon came along, enabling me to reach Newport in time to take the evening boat to Providence, from which place I returned to this city yesterday morning.

I am happy to say that numerous soldiers have arrived in this city from Lovell hospital, who state that my visit there on the 26th of June last did much to pacify and render the men contented, much more than they had previously been.


I need hardly say that no surgeon in charge of a hospital, who properly treats the men placed under his charge, need have any fears from visits of State agents. It only becomes necessary to refuse such agents full and free communication with the men, in order that the men be denied the right to make known the abuses which are being heaped upon them.

Under all these, to me very unpleasant circumstances, I feel it my duty to protest against such treatment, as a direct insult to the State I have the honor to represent. I also owe it to the brave men from Illinois, who are being denied the rights accorded to soldiers of other States, and forbade communication with the agent of their State, sent out by the Governor for that very purpose. I also owe it to the wife and children of each of these men, and the widows whose sons are being unnecessarily and unjustly detained from their homes, and I owe it to myself as a public officer of Illinois and an honorable man.

I have the honor, therefore, most respectfully, but earnestly, to ask, through you, that the soldiers of Illinois in Lovell hospital be at once placed in possession of all their rights, and receive equal treatment, in every respect, accorded to soldiers of other States in said hospital; and such other redress for the insult thus offered the State of Illinois and its agent, as the treatment received demands.

I have the honor to be, Colonel,
Your obedient servant,
Military State Agent for Illinois.


In schedule "K" (E) I have made up, as far as the data in my possession has enabled me to do, a list of the general officers in the United States service from Illinois. I am satisfied the list is not complete, for the reason that official data has alone been used, whilst the great number of recent promotions by brevet, known to have been made, yet unreported and not officially notified to this office, renders it out of my power to do to all entitled to be on the list of justice they deserve; and if, for the above cause, names are omitted that ought to be there, I shall, at the first opportunity, remedy the objection by making the list complete. In the meantime, I trust these officers omitted will not be disposed to regard the same as just cause for complaint.


To preserve as far as possible, and by every means in my power, correct historical memoranda of the several regiments and independent military organizations of the State, has been deemed by me to be of the first importance. The time will come, it is believed, when everything connected with our recent military operations and organizations will be read and studied with interest; and since I foresaw that this would be regarded of no little importance, I at an early day adopted measures to secure data at once accurate and authentic as well as complete. With this purpose, I issued the following circular, to-wit:

SPRINGFIELD, July 13, 1865.

To the Commanding Officer — Regiment, Illinois Volunteers, --;

SIR: Now that many, and perhaps, at an early day, all of the Illinois regiments are to be discharged from the service, and those organizations which have reflected so much renown upon the State are to be broken up, to be known to the future only by the history of their great achievements. I have deemed it my duty to call upon the officers who commanded them to render me whatever aid they can to secure beyond question, for all time, a truthful record of their deeds.


In no other way can this be so well done as by those who participated in and witnessed their achievements; and at no other time can this be so well done as now, when the events of the past four years are fresh in the memory of those most conspicuous in the Union cause.

In order, therefore, to effect this object, and thereby complete the records of this office, I have the honor respectfully to request:

1st. That you will immediately forward to this office a brief, compact history of your command since --, embodying in the statement all the engagements, marches and movements, with all items of interest which will give the organization a merited and enduring record in the archives of Illinois.

2d. That you will forward to this office a full list of casualties in your command, made up by companies, as per printed blanks herewith furnished.

3d. That if your command, or any of your officers or men, have been in orders commended for bravery, gallantry in action or good conduct, you send copies of orders and brief histories of the same.

Believing you will take the greatest interest in thus aiding to complete a clear and reliable history of the Illinois volunteer force, I have the honor to remain,

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Adjutant General

This circular, with blanks to be filled and returned to this office, has been sent to all the commanding officers of the troops of this State, out as well as in the service, whose address was known.

Many of them have with promptness cheerfully responded to this application; so that we now possess historical memoranda of nearly every regiment in service from Illinois; and I hope, ere long, to be able to procure the same from all, without exception.

In appendix No. 1 will be found, in condensed form, the memoranda referred to.


As worthy of consideration and useful for reference in the future military history of the State, I have deemed it best to preserve in this report the following history of Camp Douglas, taken from the Chicago Tribune, and believed to be accurate and carefully made up.

On — day of --, 1865, Camp Douglas ceased to be a rendezvous for payment and disbandment of our State troops, and since then Camp Butler has been the only State rendezvous. In some future report I hope to be able to present the history of this camp, made by the war so familiar to all the citizens and soldiers of the State.

Its history, however, is yet incomplete, inasmuch as it will doubtless be a rendezvous so long as there remains any Illinois troops in the service:



Some institutions exist, and pass away to be forgotten; others never die, but live eternally in the memory. They possess associations clinging around them, and entwined in every fibre of their existence, so closely allied to the interests of the community that time only serves to mellow the interest, and clothe them with ever-growing importance. Of these, not the least in the minds of the citizens of Chicago is Camp Douglas. Called into birth by the outbreak of a wicked and causeless rebellion, it rapidly increased in importance, until it became one of the great institutions which have marked the American government as the most warlike on the face of the globe; and the nation, as a people who would pass even through "the valley of the shadow of death" to preserve their government from foes without or "fightings within."


The camp is now rapidly passing away from the things that are. The government order for its sale has been partially executed, and by the 20th of this month the last building within the barricades will have been sold. Already many of the officers' quarters have been removed by enterprising individuals to various localities in the city, to serve for residential and other purposes, and ere long the last erection will have been taken away, the last foot of fence torn down, and the ground turned over to its original owners.

At this point then, with the occurrences of its history fresh in the memories of all, when the camp is physically going the way of all flesh, it will not be amiss to give a detailed account of the history, uses and government of our city camp.

From the commencement of the war, an urgent necessity was felt by the local authorities for a stated camp, in which regiments could be organized and stationed until under "marching orders." To meet this want was Camp Douglas called into existence. Previous to its location the various regiments being raised in this city were quartered at several impromptu camps distributed around the suburbs. Among these were "Camp Douglas," (south of the present camp) "Camp Song," "Camp Mulligan," "Camp Sigel," "Camp Dunne," "Camp Fremont," "Camp Ellsworth," "Camp Mather," "Camp Webb," and others, named for the time, according to the fancy of the soldiers, in honor of officers or prominent citizens interested in raising the regiment. These, however, possessed but "local habitations" in the thoughts of the people, and soon passed away to give place to


Camp Douglas was located on the ground upon which was held the Seventh Annual Fair of the United States Agricultural Society, in September, 1859, south of the then, but a little north of the present, southern limits, and just opposite the residence and last resting place of the great statesman whose name it bears. The selection of the site was made by Adjutant General Fuller, under orders from the Governor, and in its selection most careful reference was made to the many advantages it possessed for a military camp and military prison.

The camp consisted of about sixty acres inclosed, divided by inside partitions into the Prison square, consisting of twenty acres, the Hospital square of ten acres, the Garrison square of twenty acres, and the Whiteoak square, formerly used as a prison, of ten acres. Whiteoak square soon gained a popularity as being the location of the prisons for the prisoners and unruly members of the garrison, but was afterwards merged into one of the other divisions. The Garrison square was surrounded by the quarters of the officers and men, and contained a parade ground, level as a plane, and about half a mile around. This square fronted Cottage Grove avenue, and was flanked on the west and south by the Prison square. From the time of the location, the attention of the authorities was called to the necessity of erecting suitable dwellings, as quarters and hospitals, and during the subsequent years the attention of Captain Eugene Roddin, A. Q. M., U. S. V., was occupied in effecting the necessary improvements and conveniences in the camp. The following table exhibits the number of buildings in camp, and their size at the time of its dismemberment:

Nature of Edifice. Dimensions. Number.
Headquarters 80 by 40 1
Officers' quarters (No. of rooms)   66
Offices 12 by 12 14
Company barracks, with kitchens 85 by 24 40
General hospital, with four wings, each 100 by 80 1
Post hospital 28 by 204 1
Prison hospital, with two wings, each 100 by 28  
Small pox hospital, with two wings, each 204 by 40 1
Quartermaster's warehouse 60 by 100 1
Commissary warehouse 40 by 100 1
Ordnance warehouse 20 by 60 1
Prison barracks 24 by 90 64
Garrison guardhouse 20 by 40 1
Wash house 24 by 66 1
Guard house and court martial hall 24 by 50 1
Post church 39 by 75 1
Water pipes, feet   3,600
Sewerage, feet   5,000


The whole of the work was performed by the prisoners, under the direction and surveillance of a competent detail of the garrison.

The hospitals, especially were large and commodious, containing accommodations for over three hundred inmates each, and provided with all comforts for the sick.

The kitchens, also, were models of neatness and cleanliness worthy of the best regulated hotel or residence.


In September, 1861, Hon. Richard Yates, then Governor of the State, in pursuance of a law passed at the preceding extra session of the legislature, ordered the camp to be located at Chicago, and designated the counties of Cook, Lake, McHenry, Boone, Winnebago, Stephenson, Jo Daviess, Carroll, Ogle, De Kalb, Kane, Du Page, Will, Kendall, La Salle, Lee, Bureau, Whiteside, Rock Island, Henry, Grundy, Kankakee, Putnam, Iroquois and Livingston, to constitute a separate military district, to be known as the northern district. Colonel Joseph H. Tucker, of this city, was appointed commandont, and Milton O. Higgins, Adjutant. Soon after the location of the camp, the Mechanics' Fusileers, commanded by Colonel Wilson, were set to work building barracks and laying out the grounds suitable for camp purposes. In October, 1861, Governor Yates appointed Lieutenant J. C. Long and S. S. Boone camp instructors, and they for several months rendered efficient service.

The first troops that occupied the camp were Brackett's 9th Illinois cavalry, then numbering about seven hundred men; three companies of the Chicago Legion (51st Illinois regiment); one company of the 57th, and two companies of Hartman's dragoons. They were soon joined by the second regiment of the Douglas brigade.

In November, 1861, there were 4,222 men in camp, consisting of the following regiments and sections of regiments:

Brackett's 9th cavalry, Col. Brackett commanding — 1,021 men.

Chicago Legion, Col. Cumming commanding — 512 men.

National Guards, 53d regiment — Col. Baldwin commanding — 202 men.

Second regiment Douglas brigade, 55th regiment, Col. Stewart commanding — 974 men.

Princeton regiment, 56th, Major Page commanding — 432 men.

McClellan brigade, 57th regiment, Col. Lynch commanding — 184 men.

Mechanic Fusileers, Col. Wilson commanding — 653 men.

German Guides, Hartmann's battalion of dragoons, Col. Hartman commanding — 175 men.

Lyon Color Guard, a detached company, Capt. Frederick Kurth commanding — 69 men.

Shortly afterwards the above were joined by the Lead Mine regiment, Col. John E. Smith commanding, numbering 667 men.

In the early part of October, 1861, Col. Mulligan having surrendered to the rebel Price at Lexington, and been released with his men on parole, was ordered to Chicago to take charge of the camp, his regiment, the 23d Illinois, or Mulligan's brigade, performing garrison duty. Col. Mulligan remained in charge until early in the year 1862, when he was succeeded by Col. Tucker, who again took command, with two regiments of three months' men, and on the expiration of their term, he in turn yielded to Gen. Dan Tyler. Toward the latter end of September of the same year, Col. Cameron, of the 65th Illinois, a Scottish regiment, having been captured at Harper's Ferry, and subsequently paroled, returned to Chicago, where his regiment was first organized, and assumed the direction of Camp Douglas. Several other regiments, or portions of regiments, which had shared the same fate, were also ordered to camp, to remain until exchanged and again fitted for active service. With these additions the garrison consisted of the 93d, 111th, 115th,


125th, 126th and 39th New York regiments, the 2d New York heavy artillery, the 39th and 66th Ohio, the 65th Illinois, part of the 12th Illinois cavalry, the 2d Vermont, Rugby's Indiana battery, an Illinois battery, and smaller portions of one or two other regiments. During the habitation of the camp by these detachments, the soldiers' quarters were burnt three or four times, though whether from carelessness or incendiarism, was unknown to the authorities. The camp was then commanded, for brief periods, by Gen. Ammen, Capt. Phillips, and Turner, until the winter of 1862-3, when Col. DeLand, of the 1st Michigan, or Indian sharpshooters, took command, with his regiment as garrison, the other portions of the regiments being ordered to again repair to the front. During the year this garrison was reinforced by twelve companies of the old Invalid Corps, four companies of which came on the 17th of September, 1863, from Jeffersonville, with Capt. E. R. P. Shurley, who, upon his arrival, occupied the position of Assistant Adjutant General.

On the 23d of December, 1863, upon the removal of Colonel De Land, Brigadier General Orme, Post Commandant, assumed personal supervision of the camp. The garrison then numbered about one thousand eight hundred men. Early in the spring of 1864, the sharpshooters were, at the request of their Colonel, ordered to the front, by which means the garrison was reduced to one thousand members of the Invalid Corps. About this time the corps was generally reorganized into the Veteran Reserve Corps. Into this organization the twelve companies at Camp Douglas were transferred, and other men added, making the 8th, 15th and 11th Regiments of the V. R. C. The latter named regiment speedily left the city or was merged into others, causing the garrison here to consist of the 8th Regiment V. R. C., commanded by Colonel (now Brigadier General) Benjamin J. Sweet, and the 15th, commanded by Colonel Joseph C. Strong.

In August the garrison was reinforced by the arrival of the 106th Pennsylvania (hundred days) Volunteer Infantry, commanded by Captain Neff, and on the inauguration of the Copperhead Convention, the guard was still further strengthened by the 24th Ohio Battery, of one hundred and fifty-six men, armed with the best Parrot guns, and commanded by Captain James Hill. The camp continued with this garrison until the 28th of October, when the Pennsylvania Regiment left the city, its term of service having expired. The battery remained some months later, when it also left for other parts.

Upon the resignation of General Orme, May 22, 1864, the command of the camp devolved upon Colonel Strong, though this officer was subordinate to Colonel Sweet, who superseded General Orme as Commandant of the post. About the middle of July Colonel Sweet removed his headquarters from No. 90 Washington street, in the city, to camp, and assumed personal direction of the garrison and prisoners. The camp continued under the active care and skillful vigilance of Colonel Sweet until his resignation, in the summer of 1865. He was succeeded by Captain E. R. P. Shurley, who was in charge of the institution until October, when he was ordered to Detroit as Acting Inspector General of the department of the Ohio. He remained there until his resignation a few weeks afterward, having served with honor in the service of the United States from his enlistment in the 26th New York Regiment, April 14, 1861. The camp was taken in charge by Captain Phettyplace upon the resignation of Captain Shurley, and he continued in charge till the famed relic of the rebellion, like the cause which called it into notoriety, "departed his life."


At first Camp Douglas was not a military prison. It was laid out as a rendezvous for the various regiments organizing in the city, in which they could remain until the reception of marching orders for Dixie caused them to leave for the front. As such it was exclusively used until the latter part of February, 1862, when the glorious victories at Fort Donelson brought into northern arms a number of prisoners too great to keep at the front, but highly necessary to be kept somewhere. The authorities then saw in Camp Douglas an excellent retreat for the sorrowing sons of chivalry, and accordingly, on the 21st of February, sent within its precincts three thousand two hundred


prisoners of war. These were speedily followed by a second detachment of twelve hundred and fifty-nine, so that in the course of a few days Chicago had the strongest evidence of the great rebellion brought into her midst, and her population increased by nearly five thousand unwilling residents.

As these were the first rebel prisoners of war brought into Chicago, the following exhibit of their character and derivation will not prove uninteresting:

3d Tennessee 432 14th Mississippi 303
10th Tennessee 430 20th Mississippi 449
26th Tennessee 69 7th Texas 367
42d Tennessee 266 2d Kentucky 123
49th Tennessee 454 Guy's Virginia Battery 54
50th Tennessee 502 Jackson's Artillery 34
51st Tennessee 17 Battalion 4th Alabama 35
Murray's Tennessee Battery 17 27th Alabama 138
Cumberland Tennessee Battery 129    
Ross' Tennessee Battery 96 Total 4,459
3d Mississippi 464    
Privates 4,023
Non-commissioned officers 350
Commissioned officers 77
Regimental officers 10

Some few weeks after the arrival of the above, a third detachment of over two thousand were received and likewise accommodated with quarters within the city limits, free of all charge and expense to themselves. Matters then remained in statu quo, only enlivened by the attempts ever and anon made by some discontented and adventurous spirits to break the bonds that held them, until early in May, when the victories at Pittsburg Landing and Island No. 10 again caused an influx of secessionists to our city. In the fall of 1862, the prisoners in camp could have been classified as follows:

Captured at Fort Donelson 5,717
Captured at Pittsburg Landing 736
Captured at Island No. 10 1,709
Received from various hospitals 700
Total 8,962

Add to these the prisoners of war captured at Arkansas Post, and the record for the year will be nearly complete. During the ensuing winter and spring, exchanges were made so freely that the prison camp became depopulated almost as rapidly as it had hitherto increased in the number of its compulsory residents, and in the course of a few months the rebels within its precincts, formerly numbered by thousands, could be readily told in less than half the number of hundreds.

Many of the prisoners were also released upon taking the oath of allegiance to the Government they had wronged, though this number, during the early years of the war, when delusive dreams of victory and speedy release from imprisonment occupied the minds of many of the rebels in arms, was comparatively small. During the earlier months of 1863, some few hundreds of prisoners, originally captured at Arkansas Post, were brought to the camp. These were the only additions of any importance until the fall of 1863, when the capture of General John H. Morgan and his rebel horde, near Salem, Ohio, added nearly five thousand sons of chivalry to the fostering guardianship and care of the authorities at Camp Douglas. These men arrived in batches or detachments of five or six hundred each, and speedily accommodated themselves to the exigencies of the situation, after first fully and satisfactorily convincing themselves that escape was impracticable, and when possible, only a certain forerunner of capture and greater restraint.

On the first of January, 1864, the number of prisoners confined within the camp precincts was 5,649. During the year, that number was largely increased by substantial evidences of the retrograde of the rebel Hood. Toward the latter portion of the summer and early part of the fall of 1864, these souvenirs of Sherman's glorious victories reached our city in frequent and large bodies, numbering in the whole nearly 6,000 men. In November, and


the younger days of December, 1864, the number of chivalric residents was increased by some hundreds of men not captured by our victorious armies in the south, but discovered in the bosom of our own State, organizing bands to harass and attack the government under which they had lived as citizens. Some were arrested in this city, whither they had come to release from confinement their equally traitorous though more manly friends in Camp Douglas. Others were subsequently captured in Coles, Fayette and Christian counties, which section seemed to be a stronghold of treason, and a rendezvous of discontented traitors. Among the most important captures of this kind was the notorious Klingman's gang, the members of which were found armed and en route for Camp Douglas. They succeeded admirably in gaining their intended destination, but occupied a much longer time in investigating its internal arrangements than they had originally contemplated.

On the first of January, 1865, the total number of prisoners confined in camp was eleven thousand seven hundred and eighty (11,780), consisting chiefly of Hood's men and Morgan's raiders. The remainder included representatives of regiments from every State of the Confederacy, Tennessee being especially well represented.

During 1865, the receipts have been insignificant, and were confined wholly to the opening months, when a few stragglers were picked up and forwarded to the bourne reached by so many of their comrades before them.

In the spring, final exchanges and discharges became much more frequent. Upon the collapse of one after another of the rebel armies, and the equally rapid and regular fall of rebel strongholds, the prisoners confined in northern military prisons gave up every hope of southern victory, and almost unanimously expressed a hearty desire to "make their peace with the gods," take the oath, and return to their neglected homes. So it was with the rebels at Camp Douglas. With the exception of a few discontented ones, more stubborn or more ignorant than the overwhelming majority, they signified their more than willingness to again enroll themselves upon the side of right, and petitions to be allowed to take the allegiance vows poured in upon the camp authorities with the greatest rapidity.

During 1864, the number thus discharged was only 165, classified as follows: Representatives of Kentucky regiments, 88; Tennessee, 23; Louisiana, 8; Missouri, 9; Georgia, 6; Arkansas, 4; Florida, 5; North Carolina, 12; Alabama, 4; Texas, 4; Cherokee Indian, 1.

In 1865, the number of discharges exhibited a marked increase, "Barkis" evincing a "willin'ness" that almost baffled the efforts of the authorities to gratify it. In the month of May alone, eight thousand four hundred (8,400) prisoners were released and provided with transportation to their homes. This rapidity of populative action hardly decreased, and by the month of August, only about two hundred prisoners remained in camp, determined never to take the oath. These, also, in the course of a few days, seeing the prospect of a more uncomfortable incarceration visible, and unpleasantly near, thought better of their opinion, and gladly accepted the terms upon which their less stubborn comrades had left the scene of their imprisonment.

As the prisoners were always arriving and departing, it is somewhat difficult to tell the exact number of prisoners confined in Camp Douglas during its existence as a military prison. Many were released and again arrested, having violated their oaths, and returned to their wallowing in the mire of treason and rebellion. Some even went through the ordeal of release and recapture as many as three times, whilst very many had about time to regain their homes, when they received a call to accept the hospitality of Chicago a second time. On the whole, there have been more than thirty thousand (30,000) upon the prison roll, and of these nearly half the number were together at one time.

Of the treatment of the rebels in camp, much has been said and written, and very many falsehoods and misrepresentations published. If one should believe the rebel scribblers of the south, and the equally traitorous copperheads of the north, Camp Douglas would be conceived to have been the scene of more hellish barbarity than ever was perpetrated in Libby Prison or on


Belle Isle. On the other hand truth testifies that the chivalric visitants from Secessia were treated to more comforts than they received in their own section, many of them partaking within its limits of the first square meal they had ever seen. Of the whole number — over thirty thousand — only about three thousand five hundred died, and these did not fall victims to starvation, exposure or brutality, but died of contagious diseases brought with them, or the results of long standing affections, which a change of climate aggravated and strengthened. Compare the above statistics with the mortality statistics of Belle Isle, where over half the number of loyal, gallant prisoners were murdered by their barbarous keepers, and then judge who, in the treatment of their prisoners, violated the laws of war and of humanity, and brought themselves under the retribution of Him who thundered, "Thou shalt commit no murder."

The rebels, when they arrived in camp from the scene of their capture, were lean, haggard and starving; when they left their comfortable and warm quarters, to return to their homes, their appearance, in every case, was changed into one of strength and health. The two or three hundred men who, in 1864, took the oath and entered the United States naval service, though originally more wretched than Lazarus, and thinner than Pharaoh's lean kine, appeared in uniform as fine a body of men as ever wore uniforms, giving rise and support to the conjecture that if the rebel authorities had fed their soldiers instead of talking to them; issuing fewer proclamations and more rations; the rebel armies would have fought better, and appeared to greater advantage when on parade, or as the compulsory visitants of their conquerors.

Still notwithstanding their general comfort and good treatment, the rebs would not be satisfied, and especially in the early part of the camp's history, were continually making efforts to break the bonds that held them. Man is an eccentric and peculiar animal. However well he is treated, if he has not been consulted in the premises, but is compelled to receive the benefits heaped upon him whether he will or no, he becomes dissatisfied and unwilling to stay. So it was with prisoners at camp, and as long as they could, they escaped whenever opportunities offered. At first, sympathizing friends abusing the liberality of the authorities, passed into the rebels' quarters, knives, pistols, or money, carefully concealed within loaves of bread, articles of food or clothing. Fat looking turkeys were discovered, upon dissection, to contain revolvers, knives, or other articles not generally supposed to be constituent of the vertebral organization. Homespun pantaloons and coats were carefully lined with greenbacks, and other devices adopted to furnish the imprisoned recipient with means to break guard, or to bribe the guard. These efforts on the part of rebel sympathizers caused a restriction to be placed upon the privileges hitherto accorded to prisoners and their outside friends; articles of food were not accepted as gifts to rebels, except under peculiar circumstances, and then they passed a close examination; while, when clothing was accepted, the rebel did not receive it until a rigid scrutiny proved the absence of all that would tend to demoralize any guard, or assist the man to depart homewards if he once succeeded in breaking from the camp. After the destruction of this innocent little game, the rebs turned their attention eastward, and assiduously worked in burrowing ingeniously contrived tunnels from their quarters to the outside of the fence. These efforts were sometimes crowned with success, and once or twice in Col. DeLand's time, as many as seventy or eighty escaped at a time, though a few days generally saw most of the runaways back again. Many of these adventurous spirits struck a bee line from the camp to the nearest saloon, from which, after expending the funds necessary to convey them to Dixie, they would be expelled to the sidewalk, where they would indulge in a quiet siesta in the gutter to sleep off the effects of their libations. The commandant at camp exerted every effort to stop this burrowing propensity, such as taking up the floors of the quarters, so that the excavators could not conceal their earth, digging trenches around the camp, and other devices, which it was considered would tend to balk the borrowers. All efforts, however, failed to attain perfect success, until the arrival of Gen. Sweet, who conceived and executed the brilliant idea of raising the prisoners' quarters on piles, elevating them six or eight feet from the ground. This, at once and forever, stayed all efforts on the part of the prisoners to pursue their


investigations earthward. Then to check any climbing aspirations that might exist in the minds of the rebs, Gen. Sweet replaced the fence which formerly encircled the camp, by a strong oaken barricade, twelve feet in height, and surmounted by a railed platform, from which the guard could take a good and clear view of the camp and prisoners beneath. The prisoners, at the completion of these precautions, commenced to feel that escape was one of the things which "could not be," and in consequence, with two exceptions, quietly and comfortably settled down to their prison life, and contentedly remained until the reception of the final order for their discharge.

The two exceptions mentioned occurred in the fall of 1864, when the prisoners, having acquired some inkling of the diabolical plot outside to turn them loose upon the city, made two attempts to overpower the guard by sticks and stones, and then escape. Neither effort was participated in by more than forty or fifty prisoners, and both failed completely. The Johnnies then again subsided and pursued, as before, the even tenor of their ways.

During their prison life, the rebels in camp occupied their time in a variety of ways, to break the monotony of the days. Some ingeniously converted bones into dice or prettily devised rings. Others revived the games of childhood, and could be seen busily engaged in playing leap frog or marbles, with an earnestness worthy of the happiest ten-year-old.

One day, when in the prison square, our reporter stumbled over a mock trial. Two rebels had been charged with "conspiring, in violation of the laws of war, to feloniously steal and carry away" the dinner of a comrade. The offenders were arrested by mock officers, and incarcerated in an impromptu jail. Efforts on their part to obtain their release were overruled, on the ground that the habeas corpus was suspended, and as a "military necessity" they must be tried by a military commission. And so they were. The trial was conducted with the greatest accuracy and ability, the "counsel for the defense" and the "judge advocate" being all men of known legal acumen and celebrity. Upon the conclusion of the case, the court returned a verdict of guilty, and sentenced the off ending wights to the severe punishment of having their heads closely shaven, which sentence, despite all expostulations and entreaties, was carried out in due form, "according to the finding of the court."

In another portion of the square was seen a faro bank in full operation, on which the "banker" had amassed the fortune of some $150,000 in Confederate currency.

Numbers of the prisoners were daily detailed for police and other work, such as building quarters, or making general improvements to the camp, in consideration of which duties they receive the — to them — inestimable reward of tobacco.

The number of deaths in camp, as before mentioned, was very small, considering the abject, destitute and sickly condition of the prisoners on their arrival. No prisoner was ever executed for any offense, and only one shot by the guard. He had sealed the fence, and refused to stop, though ordered by the sentry. In conclusion, one fact may be cited in support of the above assertions, which proves, beyond all doubt, the humanity of the authorities. In the fall of 1864, among a small lot of prisoners, released upon taking the oath, was a Cherokee Indian and a private in a Tennessee regiment. Both left the camp in high spirits, but speedily returned, and in answer to the inquiries of the officer of the guard, asked to be allowed to return to their old quarters. The former because he could "speakee no English," and Chicagoans could "speakee no Injun." The latter because he always made it a point to stay where he felt most at home, and considering he would receive a sorry welcome "down South" concluded "to watch the bustin' of the Confederacy" from afar.


The rebellion ended with the surrender of Lee and his army, and Johnston and his command, in April of this year. Our armies at the time were up to their maximum strength, never so formidable, never so invincible, and, until recruiting ceased by order of Secretary Stanton, were daily strengthening. The necessity, however, for so vast and formidable numbers ceased with the disbanding of the rebel forces which had, for more than four years, disputed


the supremacy of the government over its domain. And now the joyful and welcome news was to be borne to the victorious legions that their work was ended in triumph, and they were to be permitted to "see home and friends once more."

As soon as it was determined to disband our troops, (as rapidly as possible) information was given to this office and to your Excellency thereof, and on the 11th of May the following dispatch was received from the Assistant Adjutant General at Washington, to-wit:

WASHINGTON, D. C., May 11, 1865.

GOVERNOR OGLESBY: Please inform me, by telegraph, to what points in your State you desire regiments and companies to be sent for the purpose of discharge and payment. It is desirable that points in different parts of the State, consistent with the proper accommodations and facilities, should be named.


Several places in the State had been mentioned as convenient places for rendezvous and payment of the returning regiments. It was however at this time deemed best to designate but two places for said purpose, and these were Camp Douglas, near Chicago, and Camp Butler, near Springfield, Illinois. They had long been the principal camps of rendezvous of the State, and were by far the most commodious and comfortable for the purposes required, and it was confidently believed that they would answer all the purposes of the Federal authorities.

At once the reduction of the army began. The sick and wounded from hospitals were first sent to their respective states for discharge; and, by early in June, the railroads of the State extended toward the south and east from the two places known as rendezvous, were taxed to their utmost capacity to furnish transportation for the thousands of returning veterans, who, all impatient for the end of military restraint and discipline, were so anxiously anticipating the fond welcomes that awaited them everywhere among the people. Welcomes so nobly won and well deserved, honoring not alone those who received them, but those who so joyously reflected the gratitude and homage of the people so spontaneously bestowed upon the gallant heroes of countless victories won in the nation's cause.

By reference to schedule "B," herewith published, the date and place of muster out, and place and date of arrival at rendezvous will be shown.

Anterior to the date at which the army began to be disbanded, some apprehensions were expressed by many that the disbandment of so many men among the people, fresh from the army, and the withdrawal of all military restraint and control over them, would be productive of disorder, misrule and crime to an unprecedented degree in the country.

Experience has proven that all such anticipations and fears were groundless, for with wonderful rapidity, the vast armies of the Union have resumed all their relations of civil life, and been absorbed amid the great body of the people. Everywhere they have returned to their varied peaceful pursuits, and the legions that nine months ago, in numbers in solidity, discipline and prowess, were without an antetype in the world's history, may today be found in the work shop, at the bench, in the busy marts of trade, in the manufactories, and on the farm; and their members have manifested to the world that, as citizens at home, they know as well how to respect the nation's laws as they know how to vindicate them in the field against armed rebellion.


In the preceding pages, I have attempted to convey to your Excellency, as clearly and as fully as I could, some just idea of the manner in which the duties and business of this office have been conducted, during the period now elapsed since my appointment.


So far as the more prominent duties of the office are concerned, this is not a difficult task: yet I despair of conveying to any one an accurate idea of the detail of business done. The impression seems to have gained possession of the public mind, that with the cessation of hostilities and the disbandment of the armies, the labors of this office would be necessarily much reduced. A moment's reflection will satisfy all that this is an error, for whilst there is no longer an army in the field to be maintained, yet since the war is now at an end, the whole business of the army, left for four and a half years unattended to and accumulating, is now to be settled up, adjusted and balanced.

The mere muster out of the soldier by no means terminates his right to demand of the State every attention to his claims, of whatever nature, against the Federal government, or the State itself. The great difficulties encountered by the soldiers in looking after their business, are more keenly realized, now that they no longer have officers to attend to it for them, as heretofore. In this way, adjusting and balancing up the business of this great war, and attending to the daily wants and numberless applications of our veterans, has the business of the office been changed not diminished.

It has been to me, in the past, by no means a task to discharge these duties, but rather a pleasure, for I confess that the most gratifying part of my daily labor is to see their wants in every way satisfied, and to secure a just recognition of all their claims; and if by daily and ceaseless attention and toil, I can secure to myself the consciousness that I have faithfully done my duty to them, such a conviction will constitute my highest reward. The relations I have maintained with the officers and soldiers in the field have been of the kindliest character. Nothing has ever occurred, so far as I am advised, to mar or impair the harmony and confidence that should exist, and I have every reason to believe has most happily existed, between this office and the soldiers of the State, whilst in or out of the service. For the uniform kindness and courtesy always extended to me, by both officers and men, I desire to extend to them my gratitude and thanks; and I trust now, when their labors are over and their work accomplished, that their future may be as prosperous and happy as their past has been heroic and honorable.

Between this office and the Federal authorities within the State no cause has been known to exist to give rise to any other than the most pleasant personal and official relations. Brevet. Brig. Gen. Oakes, Provost Marshal General of the State, I feel sure merits the highest regard and respect of the State; and I desire to return to him acknowledgments for the uniform courtesy he has extended to me, and for the many facilities he has afforded me in the discharge of the duties incumbent upon this office.

And now, in conclusion, I should do myself injustice did I not take occasion to express my grateful thanks to your Excellency for the constant assistance rendered me, as well as the many evidences I have received of your kindest confidence. I have believed that the most gratifying return I can make to your Excellency is to deserve what has been so frankly bestowed; and no hope is more gratifying to me than that this should continue to the end of our official relations and ever afterwards.

Respectfully submitted,
Adjutant General, Illinois.


Adjutant General's Report.

SPRINGFIELD, January 1, 1867.

To his Excellency, RICHARD J. OGLESBY,
Governor of Illinois.

SIR: In obedience to the requirements of law, I have the honor to submit my second annual report of the transactions and expenses of this office, together with such other matter as, under the law, I deem of interest to be reported, for the year 1866.

The close of the late civil war, in April, 1865, and the policy promptly adopted by the Federal Government of disbanding at once the armies of the Republic, had caused me to entertain the hope, up to a late period of the year 1865, that all the Illinois organizations before then in the Federal service, would have been mustered out, discharged and disbanded before the close of that year. Nevertheless, I was compelled to close my last annual report without being able to announce this result as a fact consummated.

In my report for 1865, submitted last January, will be found a schedule showing the number and character of Illinois organizations mustered out of the United States service before the date of said report, and also, the number of organizations left in the service at that period. Since then, and as speedily as possible, those latter organizations have been mustered out of service and have been long since disbanded.

I submit, herewith, schedule "G" [B], which is a statement showing Illinois organizations mustered out of the service to this date, with the number of officers and enlisted men mustered out in 1865-1866, with date of muster out and place of rendezvous or disbandment. It will be seen, by an examination of this statement, that number of troops disbanded with their organizations at Springfield, including all arms of the service, was: Officers, two thousand three hundred and eighty-eight (2,388); enlisted men, forty-six thousand eight hundred and eighty-two (46,882). The number disbanded at Chicago, Illinois, of all arms of service, was: Officers, one thousand one hundred and forty-eight (1,148); enlisted men, twenty thousand seven hundred and eighty-two (20,782). Disbanded in the field, Officers, thirty-six (36); enlisted men, eight hundred and fifty-three (853).

Total officers disbanded 3,572
Total men 68,517
Grand aggregate of officers and men discharged and disbanded with their organizations 72,089

The first soldiers of the State were mustered into service on the 25th of April, 1861, and the last organization disbanded June 13, 1866. Between these two periods (five years, one month and twenty days,) must be sought the history of the military renown of Illinois. In all the great events of this wonderful period of our history the sons of Illinois have borne their full share, and now that the record is closed, ready to be written out and delivered to posterity, no citizen of the State can have cause to feel other than a just


pride in reviewing the achievements of our soldiery. In all the elements of military greatness, her intrepid, dauntless and invincible sons have written for history a page as brilliant as ever has been or can be penned, and have made a record that will send down to posterity the names of her regiments, immortal as the legions that fought under Caesar, or the phalanx that won dominion for Alexander; and whilst we, their contemporaries, remember their valor and their victories with swelling bosoms and gratitude to God that America could claim such sons, future ages will rear monuments to perpetuate their glory and tell their renown to myriads of freemen, to whom they will have bequeathed the priceless results of all their victories.


Most of the commissions were issued for promotion to officers and soldiers who were just about to be or had been mustered out of the service of the United States. No other purpose was accomplished, therefore, by these promotions, than that of securing to the returned veteran a recognition of his services to the country, and furnishing him an evidence thereof, to be kept in his own custody; and it was therefore deemed just, wherever it was lawfully in the power of the State authorities, to make these promotions. In nearly all the regiments there were, at the date of their disbandment, vacancies in offices, but by reason of the number of men belonging to companies or regiments being less than the minimum required to entitle officers commissioned to be mustered, officers and men were, under the United States' Regulations, not entitled to be promoted by muster into a higher rank, even though commissioned. Nevertheless, as that (the question as to whether an officer must be mustered when commissioned by the State) was a question for the United States' officers to decide, and as it might, under orders of the commanding general, be done even in cases where the company or regiment was reduced below the minimum required by Regulations, I deemed it proper to decide that cases of this kind presented a vacancy to fill which the State authorities might issue a commission. It was supposed that many of them would never be mustered, yet the commission without muster was an honorable distinction. And since no law had authorized the State authorities to issue brevet commissions to our soldiers, it was considered but right and just to do whatever might be done without detriment to the public, and without violation of law, in recognition of the services of the soldier. In many instances I have been made to regret the want of authority to make promotions to a greater extent, and I now beg to suggest to your Excellency the propriety of asking the legislature, now soon to convene, to provide, by law for promotions by brevet to be made, and commissions issued, in all cases worthy of especial recognition. The Federal Government can not do full justice in all these cases, and the State should therefore have the power to do so, and thus as far as possible reward her sons.


On the first day of January, 1866, the following circular was issued from this office, and forwarded to the authorities of each county in the State:

SPRINGFIELD, January 1, 1866.

SIR: It is deemed of importance to collect, as speedily as possible, from all parts of the State, accurate and authentic information, to be filed in this office, of all the various sums of money expended by each and every municipality or association of citizens of the State, in aid of the suppression of the late rebellion.

It is known that large sums have been raised and expended for this purpose throughout all parts of the State, and also that large liabilities have been incurred: and since it may be possible that some national action will be taken relative thereto, it is thought to be of very great importance to secure this information at once.

The classes of expenditures and liabilities referred to are as follows:

Amount of money paid or debts incurred by counties, cities, villages, towns, townships, districts, sub-districts, or by any association of citizens for bounties to soldiers.


Amounts paid or debts incurred for transportation of soldiers.

Amounts paid or debts incurred for subsistence of soldiers.

Amounts paid or debts incurred for any other purpose connected with and promotive of the success of the war.

By direction of his Excellency, the Governor of Illinois, it is therefore respectfully requested of each county, city, town, township, ward, district, sub-district, village or association of citizens of the State to proceed at once, through their proper authorities, to collect said information and return it to me.

Let the county authorities establish by proofs and authenticate the sums expended by counties, or for which they are liable. Let city authorities act likewise on behalf of cities, town authorities for towns, and in case there are districts or precincts, for which there are no constituted authorities, let the citizens make up the proper proofs of expenditures and liabilities, duly authenticate the same, and transmit it to this office.

In each case of expenditure or of liability, it should be particularly shown when, where, for whom and for what purpose the money was paid or debt incurred.

It is not designated to include in the above anything with reference to contributions or donations made to the Sanitary or Christian Commissions, or others of like character. Nor is information desired relative to any sums which have been refunded by the Federal Government.

In all cases it should be shown that the expenditure has not been reimbursed in any way to the person or authorities making it. And if any portion of the sums or debts incurred are not yet paid, the parts paid and unpaid should be clearly and distinctly set forth.

It is hoped that all parts of the State will respond at once to this circular.

By order of the Governor.
Adjutant General, State of Illinois.

At the time of issuing this circular, it was known that large expenditures of money (besides those freely given to sanitary purposes of the war) had been made in many parts of the State. Feeling that a proper record of these expenditures should be made somewhere, for future reference, and believing that it would afford another evidence of the patriotism of our people, I assumed, with the approbation of your Excellency, the office of collecting this information, which in the future may serve, not only to illustrate the self-sacrificing spirit of the people, but, in case the Federal Government shall attempt to reimburse those expenditures made by the States, will afford good proofs thereof when the time shall arrive for such action.

Attached hereto, and marked schedule "H" [I], is a list of the returns made, not only by counties, but by sub-districts or towns, as far as it could be shown.

Sixty-nine counties only have made returns, and exhibit an expenditure of ($15,307,074.48) fifteen million three hundred and seven thousand seventy-four dollars and forty-eight cents.

Thirty-three counties have not reported expenditures; and whilst it may be true, and doubtless is, that all of these counties have not, by corporate and official action, made expenditures of the kind indicated in the circular, I am fully aware of the fact that most of the citizens, and I might say all of them, have expended money, in many cases large sums, for this purpose. And if, at any future period, the omission to report the same, as desired, shall operate to their loss, they can only censure themselves.


The importance of providing for the security of these inestimable evidences of the heroism and valor of our soldiers was brought to your attention more fully in my last annual report than I feel now inclined to do in this. So far, however, as the importance of action in this respect is concerned, I see no reason for recalling anything I may have urged in this respect a twelve months since. Indeed, the conviction of the correctness of the views then presented has been strengthened by all that has occurred afterwards, and I beg now to call especial attention to that part of my preceding annual report as well worthy the immediate, earnest consideration of your Excellency and of the legislature soon to meet. So far as I can ascertain, we need anticipate but few more additions to these lists of flags, banners, guidons and trophies.


Throughout the State there are numbers of them, especially of flags and banners borne by the soldiers of Illinois, but which, in various ways, and for reasons satisfactory to those who have borne them, have found their way back to the village, city, county, board of trade, or fair hands of those who originally presented them. For a long time yet to come, it will be vain to expect that those whose affection has entwined them, whose brothers, sons, husbands and fathers bore them, and thereby made them honorable and valuable, will consent to surrender them from their own immediate possession. Nevertheless, it is no doubt better, if once adequate protection and safety is provided for them, that they be in the custody of the State, there to fill the place allotted to them and aid in making up the grand volume of history yet to be written.


On the first day of January last (at the time of submitting my report for 1865) there were in the service of the State, as Military State Agents, the following named gentlemen, to-wit:

Colonel Harry D. Cook, on duty at Washington, D. C., during the entire year 1866.

Colonel Benj. F. Bumgardner, resigned Feb. 21, 1866, was on duty in Texas, visiting hospitals, etc.

Colonel Owen M. Long, resigned Feb. 24, 1866, was on duty at New Orleans, La.

It was deemed of interest to the soldiers of Illinois to keep and retain one State agent in the service, to be stationed at the Federal capital, the better to look after the interests of the late soldiery from Illinois, to whom it was considered but just to afford every aid and assistance that could be desired or afforded, consistent with law. Colonel H. D. Cook has therefore been kept at Washington, upon a salary paid by the State, and has been employed, under instructions from your Excellency, in rendering gratuitous aid to the soldiers of the State, their widows and orphans. At this date he is still on duty there, and so far has deserved the confidence and thanks of all for the ability, integrity, industry and zeal with which he has discharged all his duties. His office and labors, already of great magnitude and responsibility, are daily increasing in importance. The other gentlemen above named each resigned, as stated above, and it has not been deemed necessary to appoint any one as their successors, the disbandment and return home of our soldiery rendering agents no longer necessary elsewhere than at Washington.


During the current year, now closed, the labor done and required to be done has been of that character incident to the close of a great war, in which the entire population, with all their great and varied interests, have been more or less involved. Considering the vast army of soldiers sent by Illinois to the field, representing every station, business, trade or occupation in life, and remembering that almost every individual in the State is either directly or remotely interested or connected, in some way, with our military operations of the last five years, it might well be anticipated that the business of this office, though relieved, by the ending of active hostilities, from the onerous labor of organizing troops for the field, would yet find ample labor in answering the daily wants of the people, and in finishing up and completing records, supplying lost rolls, and placing the records which concern the soldier, in permanent and durable shape for preservation for future use. The labor of the office has been changed in character, not ended or lessened in magnitude or in importance.

The acts of the last legislature, rendering certified copies of records and files of this office proofs in all cases, greatly increased one branch of the business, and rendered of much more importance all the records therein. Hence, while I have necessarily given daily attention to all the various applications, from those interested, for certificates or for information from the records, I have deemed it and now still deem it of great importance to have


completed, as speedily as it can well be done, the records begun by me in 1865. To effect this I have retained in the office such clerical force only as the appropriation has permitted, and have devoted all the labor that the current duties of the office would permit to the completion of these records. I do not seek to disguise the fact that it will increase the expenses of this office, but I do insist that the advantages to be derived in the future, even in the reduction of expenditure, laying aside the question of justice and duty to the soldier, will more than justify the increased outlay at this time. Nevertheless, be the expense much or little, it will have to be borne, else the records of the soldier will not (because they can not) be made up as they should. Other states have done or are doing it, and when we consider the greatness of our State, the perils and hardships of the soldiers who returned, and the irreparable loss of the widow and orphan of those who came not back again, surely we may justify the expenditure required in putting upon paper a record to tell the soldier's history. So far as I could I have not hesitated to assume the responsibility and proceed with the work, and now, if it is to be justified, respectfully ask sufficient clerical aid in the office to speedily finish this great work, which, when done, I trust will not only be a monument erected to the soldiery of Illinois, but one that will honor your Excellency's administration, and manifest through you, to some extent, the gratitude felt by the people toward all their brave and heroic defenders.

As a citizen of the State and an officer of its government I feel a desire to see this work completed, and I do not hesitate to avow my determination to complete it, unless I am disarmed by legislative interference or non-action, or by your Excellency's orders; for I hold it to be the bounded duty of the State to see placed beyond danger and doubt the record and reputation of each soldier that marched under its banners, from the great and world-renowned chief, who headed and led our armies, to the most obscure private whose name is borne upon the rolls.

The progress made in the work has been reasonably satisfactory. Twenty-five of the most difficult regiments have been completed, and are subject to the inspection of your Excellency and of the legislature soon to convene. The work on others is in progress. Indeed, I trust that they and yourself will personally examine this work, for I feel sure its character and merits need only to be understood to be valued and estimated above the mere dollars and cents which it will cost to secure its completion. The design is to have a brief yet complete, succinct military record of each soldier from this State, beginning with his name, residence, time and place of enlistment, and following him through his military career until he returns home and is discharged, or if he is disposed of or lost before his regiment or company was disbanded, to properly account for him; so that, in the end, the enlisted men and officers furnished to the United States will be balanced exactly by those disbanded at the end of the war and otherwise properly accounted for.

In completing and finishing up similar work, the expenditures of other States have been examined, and whilst many of the States have far exceeded Illinois in the sums given for this purpose, yet I do not hesitate to assert that when these books and records, now in process of completion, shall be finished, no Adjutant General's office in America will possess a work more complete, perfect, valuable or durable.

With this conviction firmly impressed upon my judgment, I shall regard it as unfortunate to the military interests of this State to have the work now stopped for want of legislative aid in giving me the requisite clerical assistance. Yet, if it should be done, it will be for me to submit, as I shall most cheerfully, with the utmost deference to their decision.

From many parts of the State I have had applications, by counties and county authorities, for copies of rolls in this office and for certified lists of soldiers from the county. Great anxiety has been often manifested to get these records. In some instances the county authorities, anxious to perpetuate the history of their local soldiery, desired these records to enable the same to be written; others desired them to enable them to pay bounties to those entitled; others for many other purposes — most of them for laudable purposes, beneficial to the public.


If it had been within my power to have complied with all these applications, it would have greatly gratified me, personally. Yet, had I done so, the labors of that kind demanded would have occupied all the time of all the clerks in the office, and left the records of the office unfinished, incomplete and imperfect; or, if the plan of allowing outsiders, agents of counties sent here, to come into the office, take charge of the rolls and make copies, had been tolerated, every desk in the office would have been occupied, and, ere this, many of the rolls, by constant handling, much defaced or destroyed. I, therefore, concluded to adopt, as a better course for the office, the rules that the labor of completing the records for the whole State was of most importance, and the clerks would not be diverted from this to make up records for counties; but that soldiers, their widows and heirs, would be furnished with certificates from the records in all cases, and as often as they desired them, for their own purposes; and, as a security to the soldier for his record here, I deemed it safest and best to allow no one access to the rolls except employes of this office. Upon these principles the business of the office has been conducted; and whilst some dissatisfaction has been expressed by county authorities, whose applications for papers to file in their offices or write history from, has been denied — the soldiers all over the State have always, without delay, been furnished all the records and papers desired by them to enable a complete adjustment of their business claims or demands to be had and made. And, whilst I do not desire to underrate the importance of having proper records of the soldiers accessible at the county seat of each county, it will be for the legislature to provide means to attain this end, and not for me to expect to accomplish it with the present force at my command.


Heretofore it has been the practice of the Chief of Ordnance, who has been in charge of the arsenal and State arms, to submit his reports directly to your Excellency, and thence they usually go to the office of the Secretary of State. The act of the last legislature having relieved that officer of the custody of all military papers, and charged this office with all military correspondence, I have directed (with the approbation of your Excellency) Col. Crowell to send his annual reports here, and he has done so. You will therefore find submitted, as part of this report, the report of Chief of Ordnance for 1866, and also exhibits for 1863, 1864, 1865 and 1866, showing ordnance and ordnance stores received, issued and remaining on hand for each of said years. My purpose in bringing these exhibits to your attention, for the years 1863 and 1864, is to clear up a supposed indebtedness existing for arms issued by the United States to this State, during the administration of your immediate predecessor.

As early as June last, 1866, I addressed a communication to Brig. General Dyer, Chief of Ordnance, Washington, D. C., asking him to furnish this office with a statement of the arms issued by the United States to this State, under the acts of Congress of 1808 and 1855, providing for quotas of arms to be furnished the several states of the Union.

In reply to my letter, General Dyer, by communication, of date of June 18, 1866, informed me that the State was charged in his office with

Overdraft on quota for 1861, as per letter of Adjutant General Mather $13 00
Value of stores charged to the State, as per letter of Governor Oglesby of March 1866 51,012 20
Total $51,025 20

From which is to be deducted

Quota of 1862, due the State $6,162 00  
Quota of 1863, due the State 6,331 00  
Quota of 1864, due the State 8,862 88  
Quota of 1865, due the State 8,862 74  
Quota of 1866, due the State 8,862 74 39,081 36
Balance overdrawn   $11,943 84


Accompanying this communication was a "Statement of arms, etc., issued to the State of Illinois upon the requisition of Governor Yates," amounting to ($106,125) one hundred and six thousand one hundred and twenty-five dollars, which is an addition to the $51,025.20 above charged, no account being taken of the arms issued to Governor Yates in making up the statement to you in November, 1866.

If therefore, these two accounts stand,

Illinois will be chargeable with $51,025 20
And addition issued to Governor Yates 106,125 00
Total $157,150 20
Less amount of quotas for 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865 and 1866 39,081 36
Balance due $118,058 84

It was manifest to me that here was an error to be adjusted. In order to do so I requested Colonel Crowell to submit exhibits of arms received and issued for these years, beginning with 1863, and ending with 1866, and he has done so. The explanation I make of the matter is this: The two first items charged to Governor Yates are charged,

September 30, 1863, 3775 Austrian Rifle muskets $49,075
September 30, 1863, 1225 Austrian Rifle muskets 15,925
5000 $65,000

Now, from January, 1863, up to this date, Dec. 1863, Col. W. D. Crowell has been chief ordnance officer of the State, and has received and issued all the arms that came to possession of the State. His report for 1863 shows that he received the following arms:

Enfield rifle muskets 820
French rifle muskets 31
U. S. rifle muskets 120
English tower smooth bore muskets 90
Total received in 1863 1,060

Not one Austrian rifle musket among them.

Moreover, when Col. Crowell took possession of the arsenal and State ordnance there was not an arm of this kind (Austrian rifle musket) in the possession of the State. Now, it is surely far from probable that 5,000 arms could be issued to the State during any one year and still no record of it be found anywhere; and yet, with these returns for 1863-4-5-6 all before me, made by the officer in charge of that department, and who has all the time been charged with this duty, no such a quantity nor such a quality of arms has been received by the State at all; and, hence, it is beyond question true that these arms, if issued upon Gov. Yates' requisitions of September 30, 1863, were never delivered to the State, but went directly to arm State troops then in the United States' service, and who, of course, either during their term of service, or upon disbandment, turned them over to the United States: in which case the entire charge of ($65,000) sixty-five thousand dollars charged to Gov. Yates is all error. In this opinion I am corroborated by Col. Crowell, who says that his office furnishes him no information of these arms at all. "But if said arms were issued as above stated, I concur," he says, "in your opinion that they were at once issued to troops being equipped for the field, and subsequently turned over by them to the United States."

The balance of the sum charged against Gov. Yates, to-wit: ($41,125.20) is thus disposed of by Col. Crowell in his report. He says: "The remaining $41,125.20, for arms and accoutrements furnished from August to October, 1864, upon the requisition of Gov. Yates, is improperly charged, and the arms, etc., specified form a part of those debited to the State, in compliance with the request of Gov. Oglesby, in the sum of $51,012.20, as per communication of Gen. Dyer, of June 18, 1866, which fact will be clearly shown by reference to my ‘Return’ of 1864, and those of Lieutenants Arnold and Dutton of that year. In view of these facts I feel morally certain that the amount of $41,125.20 charged to Governor Yates (being also charged to Governor Oglesby) is an error, and should be corrected at Washington."


Annexed to this is the report of Col. Crowell, in extenso, to which attention is directed and requested.

The entire claim in the statement set down against Governor Yates being thus disposed of, leaves the account as adjusted between your Excellency and Gen. Dyer standing. As I understand that account, it is for 4,980 small arms and accoutrements.

By an examination of the returns made by Col. Crowell, it is made to appear that up to October, 1864, that number of arms had been issued to and received by Governor Yates, and in the adjustment made by your Excellency in March, 1866, these identical arms were charged to the State, for which we were debited $51,012.20. I ask now to call your Excellency's attention to an error (as I conceive) brought to light by the careful examination made by Col. Crowell of the accounts of receipts and issues kept by him.

In February, 1864, forty-seven (47) Springfield muskets, and one hundred and thirty-three (133) Enfield muskets (being a part of those 4,980 arms, as shown by the memoranda and vouchers kept by Col. Crowell), were received from Lieutenant Arnold, U. S. officer, by the State, but they were at once turned over to Lieut. Col. Nale, of the 41st Ill. Vol. Inft., then in the United States service, who, with a detachment of said regiment was ordered to Fayette county, Illinois, to preserve public order, etc. These arms were, by Col. Nale, pursuant to arrangements made between the State officers and Federal authorities here, turned over to two militia companies in Fayette county (Captains Van Dorston and Mabray), and, by consent, then charged to the State. In this way the 4,980 arms charged to the State were made up, and the account closed. In December, 1864, forty-two (42) Springfield muskets and one hundred and twenty-seven (127) Enfield muskets, of these arms, were returned by these militia companies to the State, as per vouchers 31 and 32, abstracts of receipts, on file in Ordnance Department, and turned over to Lieut. C. E. Dutton, as shown by vouchers 50 and 51, abstract of issues, on file in said office, — thus proving that of the one hundred and eighty (180) arms received from the United States, one hundred and sixty-nine (169) were returned to them, and received by Lieut. Dutton. For this number the State, in my opinion, is entitled to a deduction from the 4,980, leaving 4,800 stand of arms as the accurate and exact number to be debited to the State, instead of 4,980, as claimed by the adjustment made. In order to render this clear beyond dispute, I append "a corrected statement of ordnance stores received from the United States for State militia," and marked "Exhibit No. 5." If, therefore, 4,980 muskets are debited to us at $51,012.20, 4,800 muskets

the actual number justly chargeable would be $49,168 38
Deducting our quotas 39,081 36
Leaves actually due from the State $10,087 02

instead of $11,943.84, as claimed by Gen. Dyer.

If this be the just sum due from the State to the United States on account of quotas of arms received, as I believe it is, it should be so adjusted as speedily as possible, and thereupon the correct sum ($10,087.02) be debited to the State, under the arrangement with Gen. Dyer, which is that the balance debited to the State be set down and off-set against future quotas to become due the State under the act of Congress.

These arms, together with the other ordnance and ordnance stores shown in schedule attached to Col. Crowell's report, now filed in this office, to be yet on hand, are stored in the State arsenal in this city, and remain now under the supervision of Col. Crowell, Chief of Ordnance, who, for his diligence, care and business capacity, deserves the confidence of your Excellency and of the public.


SPRINGFIELD, Dec. 15, 1866.

Brig. Gen. I. N. HAYNIE,
Adjutant General, State of Illinois.

SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of copies of the correspondence between Maj. Gen. A. B. Dyer, Chief of Ordnance, U.S.A., Governor Oglesby and yourself, relative to the number of arms issued to the State of Illinois, and the date thereof; also, the number and kind of arms to which the State is at present entitled, — which correspondence has been referred for examination and comparison with the books and papers on file in this department.

In compliance with your instructions, I have made such examination, and find the State of Illinois stands charged with $51,012.20 for arms and accoutrements received from the General Government on the application of Governor Oglesby, for militia purposes, which amount, I presume, covers the 4,980 guns and accoutrements specified in schedule "A," furnished by this Department November 8, 1865. If such is the case, I desire to offer a correction of said schedule, which you will please find enclosed herewith.

In this correct statement of ordnance and ordnance stores received from the United States for State militia purposes, I have presented the total number of arms, etc., received by and all that should be charged to the State against quotas accruing under the act of Congress, 1808, except $13.00, the amount of overdraft on quota of 1861, and 200 rifled muskets, Enfield, issued to Captains W. F. Armstrong and Silas W. Shepherd, said arms being the property of the United States and issued upon the order of Governor Yates. They have since been returned and Governor Oglesby requests that the State be allowed to retain them and that they be added to the number presented in the corrected statement.

In this connection I beg leave to call your attention to certain arms and accoutrements debited to the State of Illinois, on special account, by requisitions of Governor Yates, specified in statement accompanying the communication of General A. B. Dyer, Chief of Ordnance, U. S. A. to yourself, dated June 18, 1866, from which it appears the State stands charged with $106,125.20. Of that amount $65,000 is charged for 5,000 Austrian rifle muskets, purporting to have been furnished in September, 1863. Upon examination I can find no record of these arms having been received at this arsenal during that year, and consequently can furnish no information concerning them, but if said arms were issued as above stated, I concur in your opinion "that they were at once issued to troops being equipped for the field and subsequently turned over by them to the United States." The remaining $41,125.20 for arms and accoutrements furnished from August to October 1, 1864, upon the requisition of Governor Yates, is improperly charged, and the arms, etc., specified form a part of those debited to the State in compliance with the request of Governor Oglesby, in the sum of $51,012.20, as per communication of General Dyer, of June 18, 1866, which fact will be clearly shown by reference to my return of 1864, and those of Lieutenants Arnold and Dutton of that year. In view of these facts, I feel fully assured that the amount of $41,125.20 charged against Governor Yates and the State of Illinois is incorrect, and the error should be at once corrected.

In conclusion, I beg leave to say I have deemed it proper to furnish complete returns of State and United States ordnance stores in my charge from January 1, 1863, to June 30, 1866, which I am compelled to accompany with certified vouchers, in consequence of the original having been filed in the office of the Secretary of State, instead of the Adjutant General's, as desired.


My design in so doing is to clearly show to the authorities at Washington what disposition has been made of the stores purchased and fabricated for the General Government and carried on the return as State property until June 30, 1866, when, in compliance with the request of Governor Oglesby, instructions were received from the Chief of Ordnance, U. S. A., to transfer them to Colonel C. C. Pomeroy, A. O. O., U. S. A., at this point, for transportation to Brigadier General Callender, commanding United States arsenal, at St. Louis, Mo.

I trust these returns and accompanying statements will prove acceptable, and materially aid in adjusting accounts between the State of Illinois and the General Government.

I have the honor to remain, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Colonel and Chief of Ordnance, State of Illinois.


Corrected Statement of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores received from the United States for State Militia.
Date. From Whom Received. Riffled muskets, Springfield — calibre 58 Rifled muskets, Enfield - calibre 57 Bayonet scabbards Cap pouches Cartridgeboxes Cartridge box plates Cartridge box belts Cartridge box belt plates Gun slings Waist belts Waist belt plates Ball screws Cone wrenches — spring vices Screw drivers Tompions Wipers E. R. cartridges — cal. 57.
Aug. 10, 1864 Received from Lieut. Isaac Arnold, as per voucher No. 2, abstract of receipts 1864, and turned over to Lieut. Col. J. H. Nale, commanding detachment 41st Illinois Volunteers, as per voucher No. 4, abstract of issues 1864 47 133 180 180 180         180 180            
Dec. 12 to 17 Received from Captains Van Dorston and Mabray, as per vouchers No. 31 and 32, abstract of receipts 1864, and turned over to Lieut. C. E. Dutton, per vouchers 50 and 51, abstract of issues 1864 42 127 169 157 171         163 161            
  Carried below 5 6 11 23 9         17 19            
Aug.15 to Dec. 12 Received, as per abstract of receipts from vouchers No. 3 to No. 30 inclusive   4800 2985 2985 2985 2985 2985 2985 2985 2985 2985 938 938 938 4800 938 35,000
  Brought down from above 5 6 11 23 9         17 19            
  Total to be charged State on quota 5 4806 2996 3008 2994 2985 2985 2985 2985 3002 3004 938 938 938 4800 938 35,000

To understand the foregoing statement I offer the following explanation:

The stores issued to Col. J. H. Nale, as above, were worn in the service and turned over to him for the purpose of repressing disturbances at or near Vandalia. This done, Governor Yates was requested to allow Col. Nale to transfer the arms, etc., to responsible parties residing at the above point, to be issued in case of future emergencies. To this he consented, provided they would organize militia companies under the laws of the State. Two companies were so organized by Captains Van Dorston and Mabray, who received the arms from and gave receipts to Col. Nale. Early in the month of December, 1864, they requested permission to return these arms and accoutrements and receive in lieu thereof new ones, which was granted. They returned, however, but 42 Springfield and 127 Enfield rifled muskets, together with the accoutrements appearing above, and on the abstract of receipts, under date of Dec. 12 and 17, 1864. Said arms and accoutrements were turned over to Lieut. Dutton, as above, and on abstract of issues under date of December 15 and 17, 1864.

I hereby certify that the above statement is correct.
Colonel and Chief of Ordnance, State of Illinois.



In my preceding report I had the honor to submit to your Excellency certain reasons for declining to comply with the Senate resolution, passed at the session of the legislature 1864 and 1865, directing the publication of said report. I beg now to call attention again to that part of my former report, and see no reason for recalling anything therein uttered. At the present time, however, it is believed that no ground exists that will longer render it necessary, on the part of the legislature, to withhold an order for the publication of said report. All the volunteers furnished by Illinois are long since discharged and at home, their records in this office have been and are being made up, and ere the meeting of the legislature for 1869, can be published in full; many of them expect it, and have been looking for the volume with interest, and knowing no reason for contrary action on my part, fail to understand why they have not been published ere this.

All the loyal States have hitherto published their Adjutant General's report, and this State published the report of my predecessor, General Fuller. I assume, therefore, that the legislature, responding to the general desire and expectation of the soldiers and of the public, will authorize me to publish the report in some form. The States of Iowa, Wisconsin, Indiana, California, Maine, Rhode Island, Michigan and New Hampshire have about completed the publication of their reports, containing not only the report proper of the Adjutant General, but also the name, residence and brief record of each man furnished from the State. Other States are doing likewise; some, however, have rested satisfied to publish only the Adjutant General's report proper, leaving out the names and records of the private soldiers.

It will be my pleasure to conform most cheerfully to whatever action the legislature, with the approval or your Excellency, may deem best to adopt in the premises, having full faith that the same will conform to the credit and honor of the State and her soldiery, as well as to the public good. Nevertheless, since it is no part of my nature or disposition to avoid responsibility when proper to be assumed, I desire now to place on record evidences of the opinions and wishes I entertain relative to the matter. In all that pertains to the good name, honor, credit and renown of this State, the soldiery of Illinois have everywhere, on all occasions, fearlessly and dauntlessly done their whole duty. Four hundred battle-torn, bullet-riddled and blood-stained banners, delivered by them to the care of the State, is the ample evidence they offer. Surely this is enough to prove that Illinois soldiers deserve equal attention and equal honor with those of any other State. Shall we deny this because it will cost something? I shall record my vote in the negative; and whilst I express my desire and determination to do all in my power to make up and preserve the record of these men, I hope and ask that whatever legislative aid may be necessary may be given, and I believe it will.


The close of this, my second report, finds us far advanced into the second year after the overthrow of the late rebellion. The cannon, musket, rifle, carbine and sabre have long since been laid down, and as gladly as they ever unslung the knapsack, the soldiers have laid aside the burdens of war, and resumed their position in society as citizens. The demoralization and criminal disregard of settled forms of law and the usages of peaceful society, so often the sequence of the disbandment of great armies in Europe, are looked for in vain here. The good, faithful, true and dauntless soldier has proven himself "in peace" a good, true, faithful, industrious, moral citizen.

In every walk of civil life and in all the business of the country, the men who so lately; made themselves the terror of their adversaries, and the wonder and admiration of all christendom, are to be found with ideas enlarged, intellects made vigorous by actual experience and contact with the world, and enterprise quickened by a knowledge of their worth and power. Already the evil effects of war are rapidly giving place to prosperity and happiness, whilst the nation, with its new wealth of renown, vitality and manhood, is bounding forward in the pathway of greatness to meet and honor the coming


centuries that are destined to witness the boundless prosperity, grandeur and power of a country in which each citizen is (a political paradox) at once a subject and a sovereign. In vain will maligners of our form of government seek in the general conduct of the men who have been disbanded from the grand army of the republic for evidence to depreciate our institutions. Too well do the American soldiers appreciate the truth that all their toils and sacrifices were made for maintenance of law, now to forget obedience to it. Instead, therefore, of answering the expectations and hopes of the enemies of our government, the soldiers, by becoming better men and better citizens, have rejoiced and not disappointed the friends of human liberty and self government all over the world, and added thereby this last testimony to the purity and grandeur of the patriotism that made them one day a victorious army, and the next, quiet citizens of the republic.

Trusting that the general prosperity and welfare of the people of the State, which has thus far marked the era of your Excellency's administration, may be continued, and that ample relief may be afforded all upon whom the calamities of war may have fallen,

I have the honor to remain,
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Adjutant General of Illinois.


Part III.




SCHEDULE — Showing statement of volunteer troops organized within the State, and sent to the field, commencing April, 1861, and ending December 31, 1865, with number of regiment, name of original commanding officer, call under which recruited and organized, date of organization and muster into United States' service, place of muster, and the aggregate strength of each organization.

No. Commanding officer at organization. Call under which recruited and organized. Date of organization and muster into U. S. service. Place where mustered into the United States' service. Aggregate strength since organization. Remarks.
7 Col. John Cook April 15, 1861 July 25, 1861 Cairo, Illinois 1747 3 one year companies assigned, March, 1865
8 " Richard J. Oglesby " " " 1853 Mustered into three months' service at Springfield, Illinois, and ordered to Cairo, where, at the expiration of their team of service (July 25, 1861), they were mustered into the three years' service
9 " Eleazer A. Paine " " " 1265  
10 " James D. Morgan " " " 1759  
11 " Wm. H. L. Wallace " " " 1384  
12 " John McArthur " " " 1675  
13 " John B. Wyman May 15, 1861 May 24, 1861 Dixon 1112  
14 " John M. Palmer " May 25, 1861 Jacksonville 2015 7 one year companies assigned, March, 1865
15 " Thomas J. Turner " May 24, 1861 Freeport 2028  
16 " Robert P. Smith " " Quincy 1833  
17 " Leonard P. Boss       1259  
18 " Michael K. Lawler May 15, 1861 May 28, 1861 Anna 2043 7 one year companies assigned, March, 1865
19 " John B. Turchin       1095  
20 " Charles C. Marsh May 15, 1861 June 13, 1861 Joliet 1817  
21 " Ulysses S. Grant   June 15, 1861 Mattoon 1266  
22 " Henry Dougherty   June 25, 1861 Belleville 1164  
23 " James A. Mulligan Authorized by the Sec. of War, July, 1861 June 18, 1861 Chicago 1982 5 one year companies assigned, March, 1865
24 " Frederick Hecker   July 8,1861 " 989  
25 " William N. Coler       1082  
26 " John M. Loomis July 25, 1861 Oct. 31, 1861 Camp Butler 1602  
27 " Nap. B. Buford       1193  
28 " Amory K. Johnson July 25, 1861 Aug. 3, 1861 Camp Butler 1939 4 one year companies assigned, March, 1865
29 " James S. Rearden " July 27, 1861 " 1547  
30 " Philip B. Fouke " Sept. 30, 1861 " 1878  
31 " John A. Logan " Sept. 8, 1861 " 1973  


Schedule A — Continued.
No. Commanding officer at organization. Call under which recruited and organized. Date of organization and muster into U. S. service. Place where mustered into the United States service. Aggregate strength since organization. Remarks.
32 Col. John Logan July 25, 1861 Dec. 31, 1861 Camp Butler 1711  
33 " Charles E. Hovey Authorized by the Secretary of War in May, June and July, 1861 Aug. 15, 1861 " 1660  
34 " Edward N. Kirk   Sept. 7, 1861 " 1558  
35 " Gustavus A. Smith       1012  
36 " Nicholas Greusel   Sept. 23, 1861 Aurora 1593  
37 " Julius White   Sept. 18, 1861 Chicago 1157  
38 " William P. Carlin July 25, 1861 Aug. 15, 1861 Camp Butler 1388  
39 " Austin Light Authorized by the Secretary of War, in May, June and July, 1861 Dec. --, 1861 Chicago 1807  
40 " Stephen G. Hicks   Aug. 10, 1861 Salem 1277  
41 " Isaac C. Pugh   Aug. 9, 1861 Decatur 1211  
42 " William A. Webb   Sept. 17, 1861 Chicago 1824  
43 " Julius Raith July 25, 1861 Dec. 16, 1861 Camp Butler 1902 2 one year companies assigned March and April, 1865
44 " Chas. Knobelsdorf Authorized, Sec. War, May, June, July, 1861. Sept. 13, 1861 Chicago 1515  
45 " John E. Smith   Dec. 26, 1861 Galena 1716  
46 " John A. Davis July 25, 1861 Dec. 28, 1861 Camp Butler 2012  
47 " John Bryner Sec. War, July, 1861 Oct. 1, 1861 Peoria 2054 6 one year companies assigned March, 1865
48 " Isham N. Haynie July 25, 1861 Nov. 18, 1861 Camp Butler 1871  
49 " William R. Morrison " Dec. 31,1861 " 1482  
50 " Moses M. Bane " Sept. 12, 1861 Quincy 1761  
51 " Gilbert W. Cumming Authorized Sept. 20, '61 Dec. '61, Feb. '62 Camp Douglas 1550 1 one year company assigned March 24, 1865
52 " Isaac G. Wilson " July 1, '61 Nov. 19, 1861 Geneva 1519  
53 " Wm. H. W. Cushman " Sept. 16, '61 Mar. --, 1862 Ottawa 1434  
54 " Thomas W. Harris " Oct. 3, '61 Feb. 18, 1862 Anna 1720  
55 " David Stuart " July --, '61 Oct. 31, 1861 Camp Douglas 1287  
56 " Robert Kirkham " Aug. 14, '61 Feb. 27, 1862 Shawneetown 1180  
57 " Silas D. Baldwin " " Dec. 26, 1861 Camp Douglas 1754  
58 " William F. Lynch " Sept. 25, '61 Dec. 24, 1861 " 2202 6 one year companies assigned March and April, 1865
59 " P. Sidney Post July 25,1861 Aug. --, 1861 St. Louis, Mo. 1762 Transferred from 9th Missouri
60 " Silas C. Toler Authorized Oct. 3, '61 Feb. 17, 1862 Anna 1647  
61 " Jacob Fry " Aug. 14, '61 Mar. 7, 1862 Carrollton 1385  
62 " James M. True " Oct. 3, '61 Apr. 10,1862 Anna 1730  
63 " Francis Mora " " " " 1228  
64 Lt. Col. D. D. Williams " Aug. 14, '61 Dec. 31, 1861 Camp Butler 1624  
65 Col. Daniel Cameron " " May 15, 1862 Camp Douglas 1684 3 one year companies assigned April, 1865
66 " Patrick E. Burke Transf'd from Mo. 14th Apr. --, 1862 St. Louis, Mo. 1694  
67 " Rosell M. Hough May 25, 1862 June 13, 1862 Camp Douglas 979  
68 " Elias Stuart " June 20, 1862 Camp Butler 889  
69 " Joseph H. Tucker " June 14, 1862 Camp Douglas 912  


70 Col. O. T. Reeves May 25, 1862 July 4, 1862 Camp Butler 1006  
71 " Othniel Gilbert " July 26, 1862 Camp Douglas 940  
72 " Frederick A. Starring July, 1862 Aug. 21, 1862   1471  
73 " James F. Jaquess " " Camp Butler 968  
74 " Jason Marsh " Sept. 4, 1862 Rockford 989  
75 " George Ryan " Sept. 2, 1862 Dixon 987  
76 " Alonzo W. Mack " Aug. 22, 1862 Kankakee 1110  
77 " David P. Grier " Sept. 2, 9cos Peoria 1051 September 18, 1 company
78 " W. H. Bennison " Sept. 1, 1862 Quincy 1028  
79 " Lyman Guinnip " Aug. 28, 1862 Danville 974  
80 " Thomas G. Allen " Aug. 25, 1862 Centralia 928  
81 " James J. Dollins " Aug. 26, 1862 Anna 1187  
82 " Frederick Hecker " " Camp Butler 961  
83 " Abner C. Harding " Aug. 21, 1862 Monmouth 1286  
84 " Louis H. Waters " Sept. 1, 1862 Quincy 956  
85 " Robert S. Moore " Aug. 27, 1862 Peoria 959  
86 " David D. Irons " " " 993  
87 " John E. Whiting " Sept. 22, 1862 Shawneetown 994  
88 " Francis T. Sherman " Aug. 27, 1862 Camp Douglas 907  
89 " John Christopher " Aug. 25, 9cos " 1285 October 13, 1 company
90 " Timothy O'Meara " Nov. 22,1862 " 957  
91 " Henry M. Day " Sept. 8, 1862 Camp Butler 1041  
92 " Smith D. Atkins " Sept. 4, 1862 Rockford 1265  
93 " Holden Putnam " Oct. 13, 1862 Princeton & Chicago 1036  
94 " William W. Orme " Aug. 20, 1862 Bloomington 1091  
95 " Lawrence S. Church " Sept. 4, 1862 Rockford 1426  
96 " Thomas E. Champion " Sept. 6, 1862 " 1208  
97 " Friend S. Rutherford " Sept. 8, 1862 Camp Butler 1087  
98 " John J. Funkhouser " Sept. 3, 1862 Centralia 1072  
99 " George W. K. Bailey " Aug. 26,1862 Florence, Pike Co. 936  
100 " Fred A. Bartleson " Aug. 30, 1862 Joliet 921  
101 " Charles H. Fox " Sept. 2, 1862 Jacksonville 911  
102 " William McMurtry " " Knoxville 998  
103 " Amos C. Babcock " Oct. 2, 1862 Peoria 917  
104 " Absalom B. Moore " Aug. 27, 1862 Ottawa 977  
105 " Daniel Dustin " Sept. 2, 1862 Chicago 1001  
106 " Robert B. Latham " Sept. 17, 1862 Lincoln 1097  
107 " Thomas Snell " Sept. 4, 1862 Camp Butler 944  
108 " John Warner " Aug. 28, 1862 Peoria 927  
109 " Alexander J. Nimmo " Sept. 11, 1862 Anna 967  
110 " Thomas S. Casey "     873  
111 " James S. Martin " Sept. 18, 1862 Salem 994  
112 " Thomas J. Henderson " Sept. 12, 1862 Peoria 1095  
113 " George B. Hoge " Oct. 1, 1862 Camp Douglas 1258  
114 " James W. Judy " Sept. 18, 1862 Camp Butler 990  
115 " Jesse H. Moore " Sept. 13, 1862 " 960  
116 " Nathan H. Tupper " Sept. 30, 1862 Decatur 952  
117 " Risden M. Moore " Sept. 19, 1862 Camp Butler 995  
118 " John G. Fonda " Nov. 29, 1862   1101  
119 " Thomas J. Kinney " Oct. 7, 1862 Quincy 952  
120 " George W. McKeaig " Oct. 29, 1862 Camp Butler 844  


Schedule A — Continued.
No. Commanding officer at organization. Call under which recruited and organized. Date of organization and muster into U. S. service. Place where mustered into the United States service. Aggregate strength since organization. Remarks.
121 Never organized          
122 Col. John I. Rinaker July, 1862 Sept. 4, 1862 Carlinville 934  
123 " James Monroe " Sept. 6, 1862 Mattoon 1050  
124 " Thomas J. Sloan " Sept. 10, 1862 Camp Butler 1130  
125 " Oscar P. Harmon " Sept. 4, 1862 Danville 933  
126 " Jonathan Richmond " Sept. 4, 1862 Chicago 998  
127 " John VanArman " Sept. 5, 9cos Camp Douglas 957 October 22, 1 company
128 " Robert M. Hundley " Dec. 18, 1862 Camp Butler 866  
129 " George P. Smith " Sept. 8, 1862 Pontiac 1011  
130 " Nathaniel Niles " Oct. 25, 1862 Camp Butler 932  
131 " George W. Neeley   Nov. 13, 1862 Camp Massac 880  
132 " Thomas C. Pickett 100 day organizations, tendered by the Governor of Illinois, April 21, '64, and accepted by the President April 23, '64. June 1, 1864 Camp Fry 853  
133 " Thaddeus Phillips   May 31, 1864 Camp Butler 851  
134 " W. W. McChesney   May 31, 1864 Camp Fry 878  
135 " John S. Wolf   June 6, 1864 Mattoon 852  
136 " Frederick A. Johns   June 1, 1864 Centralia 842  
137 " John Wood   June 5, 1864 Quincy 849  
138 " John W. Goodwin   June 21, 1864 " 835  
139 " Peter Davidson   June 1, 1864 Peoria 878  
140 " Lorenzo H. Whitney   June 18, 1864 Camp Butler 871  
141 " Stephen Bronson   June 16, 1864 Elgin 842  
142 " Rollin V. Ankney   June 18, 1864 Camp Butler 851  
143 " Dudley C. Smith   June 11, 1864 Mattoon 865  
144 " Cyrus Hall July, 1864 Oct. 21, 1864 Alton, Ill. 1159  
145 " George W. Lackey 100 days' organization June 9, 1864 Camp Butler 880  
146 " Henry H. Dean July, 1864 Sept. 20, 1864 " 1056  
147 " Hiram F. Sickles December 19, 1864 Feb. 18, 1865 Chicago 1047  
148 " Horace H. Willsie " Feb. 18, 1865 Quincy 917  
149 " William C. Kueffner " Feb. 11, 1865 Camp Butler 983  
150 " George W. Keener " Feb. 14, 1865 " 933  
151 " French B. Woodall " Feb. 25, 1865 Quincy 970  
152 " Ferd B. Stephenson " Feb. 18, 1865 Camp Butler 945  
153 " Stephen Bronson " Feb. 27, 1865 Chicago 1076  
154 " McLean F. Wood " Feb. 22, 1865 Camp Butler 994  
155 " Gustavus A. Smith " Feb. 28, 1865 " 929  
156 " Alfred F. Smith " Mar. 9, 1865 Chicago 975  
  " J. W. Wilson Spec. auth'ty Sec. War Dec. 1, 1861 " 985 Mechanic Fusileers
  " John A. Bross Sept. 24, 1863   Quincy 903 29 U. S. Colored. Special authority Sec. War


  Capt. John Curtis 100 days' organizaton. June 21, 1864 Camp Butler 91 Battalion infantry
  " Simon J. Stookey.   June 21, 1864 " 90 "
  " James Steele April 15, 1861 June 15, 1861 Chicago 86 Sturges Rifles
1 Col. Thomas A. Marshall Auth'd by Sec. War June --, 1861 Bloomington 1206  
2 " Silas Noble July 2, 1861 Aug. 24, 1861 Camp Butler 1861  
3 " Eugene A. Carr July 25, 1861 Sept. 21, 1861 " 2183  
4 " T. Lyle Dickey Authorized July, 1861 Sept. 30, 1861 Ottawa 1656  
5 " John J. Updegraff Auth'd Aug. 27, 1861 Dec. --, 1861 Camp Butler 1669  
6 " Thos. H. Cavanaugh July 25, 1861 Nov., '61, Jan., '62 " 2248  
7 " William Pitt Kellogg   Aug. --, 1861 " 2282  
8 " John F. Farnsworth Authorized July, 1861 Sept. 18, 1861 St. Charles 2412  
9 " Albert G. Brackett " Oct. 26, 1861 Camp Douglas 2619  
10 " James A. Barrett Auth'd Sept. 5, 1861 Nov. 25, 1861 Camp Butler 1934  
11 " Robert G. Ingersoll July, 1861 Dec. 20, 1861 Peoria 2332 Authorized by General Fremont
12 " Arno Voss Auth'd Sept. 28, 1861 Dec., '61, Feb., '62 Camp Butler 2174  
13 " Joseph B. Bell Auth'd Nov. 27, 1861 " Camp Douglas 1759  
14 " Horace Capron July, 1862 Jan. 7, 1863 Peoria 1565  
15 " Warren Stewart July, 1861 Org. Dec. 25, '63 Camp Butler 1473  
16 " Christian Thielemann April, 1861, July, 1862 Jan., Apr., 1863 " 1462  
17 " John L. Beveridge 1863 Jan. 28, 1864 St. Charles 1247  
  Field and staff       7  
A Capt. C. M. Willard April, 1861   Chicago 168  
B " Ezra Taylor "   " 204  
C " Chas. Houghtaling " Oct. 31, 1861 Ottawa 175  
D " Edward McAllister July, 1861 Jan. 14, 1862 Plainfield 141  
E " Allen C. Waterhouse " Dec. 19, 1861 Chicago 148  
F " John T. Cheney " Feb. 25, 1862 Camp Butler 159  
G " Arthur O'Leary " Feb. 28, 1862 Cairo 113  
H " Axel Silversparr " Feb. 20, 1862 Chicago 147  
I " Edward Boughton " Feb. 15, 1862 " 169  
K " Angrean Franklin " Jan. 9, 1862 Shawneetown 96  
L " John Rourk " Feb. 22, 1862 Chicago 153  
M " John B. Miller July, 1862 Aug. 12, 1862 " 154  
  Recruits       883  


No. Commanding officer at organization. Call under which recruited and organized. Date of organization and muster into U. S. service. Place where mustered into the United States service. Aggregate strength since organization. Remarks.
A Capt. Peter Davidson July, 1861 Aug. 17, 1861 Peoria 116  
B " Riley Madison April, 1861 June 20, 1861 Springfield 127  
C " Caleb Hopkins July, 1861 Aug. 5, 1861 Cairo 154  
D " Jasper M. Dresser Auth'd, Sept., 1861 Dec. 17, 1861 " 117  
E " Adolph Schwartz " Feb. 1, 1862 " 136  
F " John W. Powell " Dec. 11, 1861 " 190  
G " Charles J. Stolbrand " Dec. 31, 1861 Camp Butler 108  
H " Andrew Steinbeck Auth'd, Sept. 15, 1861 " " 115  
I " Charles W. Keith " " " 107  
K " Benjamin F. Rogers " " " 108  
L " William H. Bolton Authorized, 1861 Feb. 28, 1862 Chicago 145  
M " John C. Phillips Authorized, 1862 June 6, 1862 " 100  
  Field and staff       10  
  Recruits       1171  


Designation. Commanding officer at organization. Call under which recruited and organized. Date of organization and muster into U. S. service. Place where mustered into the United States service. Aggregate strength since organization. Remarks.
Board of Trade Capt. James S. Stokes July, 1862 July 31, 1862 Chicago 258  
Springfield " Thomas F. Vaughn " Aug. 21, 1862 Camp Butler 199  
Mercantile " Charles G. Cooley " Aug. 29, 1862 Chicago 270  
Elgin " Geo. W. Renwick " Nov. 15, 1862 Elgin 242  
Cogswell's " William Cogswell Authorized Sept. 15, 1861 Sept. 23, 1861 Camp Douglas 221  
Henshaw's " Edward C. Henshaw July, 1862 Oct. 15, 1862 Ottawa 196  
Bridges' " Lyman Bridges Authorized Jan 1, 1862 Jan. 1,1862 Chicago 252  
Colvin's " John H. Colvin Authorized July, 1863 Oct. 10, 1863 " 91  
Busteed's         127  
Infantry 185,941
Cavalry 32,082
Artillery 7,277



Showing the number of Illinois organizations mustered out of the United States service, with name of commanding officer, date and place of muster-out, rendezvous for payment and discharge, and date of arrival.

No. Commanding Officer. Date of muster-out. Place of muster-out. No. officers. No. of enlisted men. Arrival at rendezvous.
7 Brevet Brig. Gen. Richard Rowett July 9, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 29 586 Springfield, July 12, 1865
8 Col. Lloyd Wheaton May 4, 1866 Baton Rouge, La. 27 275 " May 13, 1866
9 " Samuel T. Hughes July 9, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 18 435 " July 12, 1865
10 Brevet Brig. Gen. John Tillson July 4, 1865 " 31 737 Chicago, July 7, 1865
11 Col. James H. Coates July 14, 1865 Baton Rouge, La. 30 405 Springfield, July 21, 1865
12 " Henry VanSellar July 10, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 28 519 " July 12, 1865
13 " Adam B. Gorgas June 10, 1865 Consolidated with 56th      
14 Brevet Brig. Gen. Cyrus Hall Sept. 16, 1865 Fort Leavenworth 25 445 Springfield, Sept. 22, 1865
15 " " " George C. Rogers Sept. 16, 1865 " 27 512 " Sept. 20, 1865
16 Col. Charles D. Kerr July 8, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 24 566 " July 10, 1865
17 Lt. Col. Francis M. Smith   Consolidated with 8th     June 17, 1864
18 Col. Jules C. Webber Dec. 16, 1865 Little Rock, Ark. 26 610 Springfield, Dec. 31, 1865
19 Lt. Col. Alexander W. Raffen July 9, 1864 Chicago     " July 4, 1864
20 Col. Henry King July 16, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 22 636 Chicago, July 19, 1865
21 " William H. Jameson Dec. 16, 1865 San Antonio, Texas 22 394 Springfield, Jan. 18, 1866
22 Lt. Col. Francis Swanwick July 7, 1864 Consolidated with 42d      
23 Col. Samuel Simison July 24, 1865 Richmond, Va. 33 642 Chicago, July 30, 1865
24 Major George A. Gunther July 31, 1865 Consolidated with Co. A, 1864 2 43 Springfield
25 Col. Richard H. Nodine Sept. 21, 1865 " " H 1 31  
26 " Ira J. Bloomfield July 20, 1865   24 484 Springfield, July 23, 1865
27 " William A. Schmidt   Consolidated with 9th Inf.      
28 " Hinman Rhodes Mar. 15, 1866 Brownsville, Texas 30 281 Springfield, April 1, 1866
29 Brevet Brig. Gen. Loren Kent Nov. 6, 1865 Hempstead, Texas 16 504 " Nov. 25, 1865
30 " " " Warren Shedd July 17, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 20 645 " July 20, 1865
31 Col. Robert N. Pearson July 16, 1865 " " 24 526 " July 23, 1865
32 " George H. English Sept. 17, 1865 Fort Leavenworth 26 368 " Sept. 23, 1865
33 " Isaac H. Elliott Nov. 24, 1865 Vicksburg, Miss. 35 702 " Nov. 29, 1865
34 " Peter Ege July 12, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 33 789 Chicago, July 16, 1865
35 " William P. Chandler Sept. 27, 1864 Consolidated with 59th      
36 " Benjamin F. Campbell Oct. 8, 1865 New Orleans, La. 21 230 Springfield, Oct. 17, 1865
37 " Judson J. Huntley May 15, 1866 Houston, Texas 12 310 " May 26, 1866
38 " Edward Colyer Mar. 20, 1866 Victoria, Texas 18 138 " April 3, 1866
39 Brevet Brig. Gen. O. L. Mann Dec. 6, 1865 Norfolk, Va. 17 432 " Dec. 12, 1865
40 Lt. Col. Hiram W. Hall July 24, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 22 366 " July 27, 1865
41 Brevet Brig. Gen. Isaac C. Pugh Aug. 20, 1864 Consolidated with 53d      


42 Col. Edgar D. Swain Dec. 16, 1865 Lavaca, Texas 23 199 Springfield, Jan. 5, 1866
43 " Adolph Dengler Nov. 30, 1865 Little Rock, Ark. 23 614 " Dec. 14, 1865
44 Lt. Col. John Russell Sept. 25, 1865 Camp Irwin, Texas 21 214 Chicago, Oct. 15, 1865
45 Col. John O. Duer July 12, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 20 519 Springfield, July 15, 1865
46 Brevet Brig. Gen. Benj. Dornblaser Jan. 20, 1866 Baton Rouge, La. 31 662 " Jan. 27, 1866
47 " " " David W. Magee Jan. 21, 1866 Selma, Ala. 31 688 " Jan. 29, 1866
48 Col. Thomas L. Weems Aug. 15, 1865 Little Rock, Ark. 28 530 " Aug. 21, 1865
49 " William P. Moore Sept. 9, 1865 Paducah, Ky. 27 456 " Sept. 15, 1865
50 " William Hanna July 13, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 23 577 " July 14, 1865
51 " James S. Boyd Sept. 25, 1865 Camp Irwin, Texas 18 261 Chicago, Oct. 15, 1865
52 " Jerome D. Davis July 6, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 31 486 " July 9, 1865
53 " Robert H. McFadden July 22, 1865 " 30 484 Springfield, July 24, 1865
54 " Greenville M. Mitchell Oct. 15, 1865 Little Rock, Ark. 37 575 Chicago, Oct. 26, 1865
55 Lt. Col. Charles A. Andress Aug. 14, 1865 " " 20 253 Springfield, Aug. 22, 1865
56 Col. John P. Hall Aug. 12, 1865 " " 10 211 Chicago, Aug. 20, 1865
57 " Frederick A. Battey July 7, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 25 602 Springfield, July 9, 1865
58 Brevet Brig. Gen. Robert W. Healy Apr. 1, 1866 Montgomery, Ala. 24 201 " April 8, 1866
59 Lt. Col. Clayton Hale Dec. 8, 1865 New Braunfels, Texas 28 371 " Jan. 6, 1865
60 Col. George W. Evans July 31, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 25 482 " Aug. 2, 1865
61 " Jerome B. Nulton Sept. 8, 1865 Nashville, Tenn. 26 766 " Sept. 12, 1865
62 " Lewis C. True Mar. 6, 1866 Little Rock, Ark. 23 478 " Mar. 13, 1866
63 " James Isaminger July 13, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 16 285 Chicago, July 16, 1865
64 Lt. Col. Joseph H. Reynolds July 11, 1865 " 26 642 " July 14, 1865
65 Col. William S. Stewart July 13, 1865 Greensboro, N. C. 32 1,149 Springfield, July 24, 1865
66 " Andrew K. Campbell July 7, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 24 471 " July 9, 1865
67 " Rosell M. Hough Oct. 6, 1862 Three months organizations      
68 " Elias Stuart Oct. 7, 1862        
69 " Joseph H. Tucker Oct. 6, 1862        
70 " Owen T. Reeves Oct. 23, 1862 Alton, Ill.      
71 " Othniel Gilbert Oct. 7, 1862 Chicago     Chicago
72 " Frederick A. Starring Aug. 7, 1865 Vicksburg, Miss. 27 413 Springfield, Aug. 11, 1865
73 " James F. Jaquess June 12, 1865 Nashville, Tenn. 27 310 Chicago, June 14, 1865
74 " Thomas J. Bryan June 10, 1865 " " 24 330 " June 14, 1865
75 Brevet Brig. Gen. John E. Bennett June 12, 1865 Camp Harker, Tenn. 25 317 " June 15, 1865
76 Col. Samuel T. Busey July 22, 1865 Galveston, Texas 28 447 Springfield, Aug. 3, 1865
77 " David P. Grier July 10, 1865 Mobile, Ala. 16 586 " July 23, 1865
78 " Maris R. Vernon June 7, 1865 Washington, D. C. 22 483 Chicago, June 12, 1865
79 " Allen Buckner June 12, 1865 Nashville, Tenn. 16 206 Springfield, June 14, 1865
80 " Erastus N. Bates June 10, 1865 Camp Harker, Tenn. 12 358 " June 13, 1865
81 " Andrew W. Rogers Aug. 5, 1865 Vicksburg, Miss. 21 400 Chicago, Aug. 12, 1865
82 Brevet Brig. Gen. Edward S. Solomon June 9,1865 Washington, D. C. 22 367 " June 16, 1865
83 " " " Arthur A. Smith June 26, 1865 Nashville, Tenn. 39 594 " June 30, 1865
84 " " " Louis H. Waters June 8, 1865 Camp Harker, Tenn. 22 336 Springfield, June 12, 1865
85 " " " Caleb J. Dilworth June 5, 1865 Washington, D. C. 14 308 "
86 Col. Allen L. Fanestock June 6, 1865 " " 29 439 Chicago, June 12, 1865
87 " John M. Crebs June 16, 1865 Helena, Ark. 27 468 Springfield, June 28, 1865
88 " Francis T. Sherman June 9, 1865 Nashville Tenn. 26 308 Chicago, June 13, 1865
89 " Charles T. Hotchkiss June 10, 1865 " 28 354 " " "
90 " Owen Stuart June 6, 1865 Washington, D. C. 27 291 " June 12, 1865
91 " Henry M. Day July 12, 1865 Mobile, Ala. 27 429 Springfield, June 22, 1865
92 Brevet Brig Gen Smith D. Atkins June 21, 1865 Concord, N.C. 33 557 Chicago, July 1, 1865
93 Col. Nicholas C. Buswell June 23, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 26 378 " June 26, 1865


Schedule B — Continued.
No. Commanding Officer. Date of muster-out. Place of muster-out. No. officers. No. of enlisted men. Arrival at rendezvous.
94 Col. John McNulta July 17, 1865 New Orleans, La. 27 479 Springfield, Aug. 2, 1865
95 " Leander Blandin Aug. 17, 1865 Springfield, Ill. 33 484 " Aug. 11, 1865
96 Lt. Col. John C. Smith June 10, 1865 Camp Harker, Tenn. 34 456 Chicago, June 14, 1865
97 Col. Victor Vifquain July 29, 1865 Galveston, Texas 24 342 Springfield, Aug. 13, 1865
98 Brevet Brig. Gen. Edward Kitchell June 27, 1865 Nashville, Tenn. 25 432 " July 1, 1865
99 Col. Asa C. Mathews July 31, 1865 Baton Rouge, La. 19 374 " Aug. 7, 1865
100 " Charles M. Hammond June 12, 1865 Nashville, Tenn. 24 302 Chicago, June 15, 1865
101 " John B. LeSage June 7, 1865 Washington, D. C. 20 309 Springfield, June 14, 1865
102 Brevet Brig. Gen. Franklin C. Smith June 6, 1865 " " 29 520 Chicago, June 12, 1865
103 Col. Geo. W. Wright June 21, 1865 Louisville, Ky. 24 359 " June 24, 1865
104 " Douglas Hapeman June 6, 1865 Washington, D. C. 18 351 " June 12, 1865
105 Lt. Col. Everell F. Dutton June 7, 1865 " 22 495 " "
106 Col. Charles H. Miller July 12, 1865 Pine Bluff, Ark. 27 574 Springfield, July 24, 1865
107 " Thomas J. Milholland June 21, 1865 Salisbury, N. C. 25 344 " July 2, 1865
108 " Charles Turner Aug. 5, 1865 Vicksburg, Miss. 26 308 Chicago, Aug. 10, 1865
109 Officers discharged April 10, 1863 Co. K trans'd to 11th Illinois Inf.      
110 Lt. Col. Ebenezer H. Topping June 8, 1865 Washington, D. C. 16 318 Chicago, June 13, 1865
111 Brevet Brig. Gen. James S. Martin June 7, 1865 " " 24 434 Springfield, June 15, 1865
112 " " " Thomas J. Henderson June 20, 1865 Greensboro, N. C. 34 550 Chicago, June 27, 1865
113 " " " George B. Hoge " Memphis, Tenn. 27 338 " June 22, 1865
114 Col. Samuel N. Shoup Aug. 3, 1865 Vicksburg, Miss. 18 328 Springfield, Aug. --, 1865
115 Brevet Brig. Gen. Jesse H. Moore June 11, 1865 Camp Harker, Tenn. 27 385 " June 16, 1865
116 Col. John E. Maddux June 7, 1865 Washington, D. C. 28 311 " June 15, 1865
117 " Risden M. Moore Aug. 5, 1865 Springfield, Ill. 30 495 " July 30, 1865
118 Brevet Brig. Gen. John G. Fonda Oct. 1, 1865 Baton Rouge, La. 25 455 " Oct. 10, 1865
119 Col. Thomas J. Kinney Aug. 26, 1865 Mobile, Ala. 27 415 " Sept. 4, 1865
120 " George W. McKeaig Sept. 10, 1865 Memphis, Tenn. 27 523 " Sept. 7, 1865
121 Organization never completed.          
122 Col. John I. Rinaker July 15, 1865 Mobile, Ala. 24 451 Chicago, July 29, 1865
123 Brevet Brig. Gen. Jonathan Biggs June 28, 1865 Nashville, Tenn. 25 366 Springfield, July 2, 1865
124 Col. John H. Howe Aug. 15, 1865 Chicago, Ill. 33 418 Chicago, Aug. 3, 1865
125 " James W. Langley June 9, 1865 Washington, D. C. 23 401 " June 14, 1865
126 " Lucius W. Beal July 12, 1865 Pine Bluff, Ark. 26 564 " July 24, 1865
127 Lt. Col. Frank S. Curtis June 5, 1865 Washington, D. C. 22 334 Springfield, June 13, 1865
128 Col. Robert M. Hundley   Consolidated with other regt's      
129 Brevet Brig. Gen. Henry Case June 8, 1865 Washington, D. C. 30 559 Chicago, June 13, 1865
130 Col. John B. Reed Aug. 15, 1865 New Orleans, La. 17 257 Springfield, Aug. 26, 1865
131 Lt. Col. Richard A. Peter   Consolidated with 29th Infantry      
132 Col. Thomas C. Pickett Oct. 17, 1864 Chicago, Ill.     Springfield, 100 day organization
133 " Thaddeus Phillips Sept. 24, 1864 Camp Butler     " " "
134 " Waters W. McChesney Oct. 25, 1864 Chicago, Ill.     " " "
135 " John S. Wolfe Sept. 28, 1864 Camp Butler     " " "
136 " Frederick A. Johns Oct. 22, 1864 "     " " "


137 Col. John Wood Sept. 24, 1864 Camp Butler     Springfield, 100 day organization
138 " John W. Goodwin Oct. 14, 1864 "     " " "
139 " Peter Davidson Oct. 28, 1864 "     " " "
140 " Lorenzo H. Whitney Oct. 29, 1864 Chicago, Ill.     " " "
141 " Stephen Bronson Oct. 10, 1864 "     " " "
142 " Rolin V. Ankney Oct. 27, 1864 "     " " "
143 " Dudley C. Smith Sept. 26, 1864 Mattoon, Ill.     " " "
144 " John H. Kuhn July 14, 1865 Springfield, Ill. 35 950 " July 14, 1865
145 " George L. Lackey Sept. 23, 1864 Camp Butler     " 100 day organization
146 " Henry H. Dean July 8, 1865 Springfield, Ill. 36 792 " July 14, 1865
147 " Hiram P. Sickles Jan. 20, 1866 Savannah, Ga. 31 723 " Jan. 31, 1866
148 " Horace H. Willsie Sept. 5, 1865 Nashville, Tenn. 34 624 " Sept. 9, 1865
149 Brevet Brig. Gen. William C. Kueffner Jan. 27, 1866 Dalton, Ga. 33 762 " Feb. 1, 1866
150 Col. Charles F. Springer Jan. 16, 1866 Atlanta, Ga. 29 695 " Jan. 24, 1866
151 " French B. Woodall Jan. 24, 1866 Columbus, Ga. 30 706 " Feb. 2, 1866
152 " Ferdinand D. Stephenson Sept. 11, 1865 Memphis, Tenn. 34 658 " Sept. 9, 1865
153 " Stephen Bronson Sept. 21, 1865 " 35 697 " Sept. 18, 1865
154 " Francis Swanwick Sept. 18, 1865 Nashville, Tenn. 34 654 " Sept. 21, 1865
155 " Gustavus A. Smith Sept. 4, 1865 " 30 621 " Sept. 11, 1865
156 " Alfred T. Smith Sept. 20, 1865 Memphis, Tenn. 27 708 " Sept. 17, 1865
Mec. Fus.- Lt. Col. Francis T. Sherman Feb. 5, 1862 Chicago, Ill.     "
29th U. S. Col'd-Col. Clark R. Royce Nov. 6, 1865 Brownsville, Texas     " Nov. 16, 1865
Batn Capt. John Curtis Oct. 7, 1864 Camp Butler     "
Batn " Simon J. Stookey Oct. 7, 1864 "     " 100 day organization
  Total infantry     3051 56,103  
1 Col. Thomas A. Marshall July 14, 1862 Benton Barracks, Mo.     Springfield
2 " Benjamin F. Marsh, Jr. Nov. 22, 1865 San Antonio, Texas 15 399 " Dec. 28, 1865
3 " Robert H. Carnahan Oct. 10, 1865 Ft. Snelling, Minn. 24 636 " Oct. 13, 1865
4     Consolidated with 12th cavalry.     " June 23, 1865
5 Brevet Brig. Gen. John McConnell Oct. 27, 1865 Camp Butler 25 344 " Oct. 17, 1865
6 Col. John Lynch Nov. 5, 1865 Selma, Ala. 38 790 " Nov. 17, 1865
7 " John M. Graham Nov. 4, 1865 Nashville, Tenn. 45 949 " Nov. 9, 1865
8 Brevet Brig. Gen. William Gamble July 17, 1865 Benton Barracks, Mo. 42 993 Chicago, July 20, 1865
9 Col. Joseph W. Harper Oct. 31, 1865 Selma, Ala. 36 919 Springfield, Nov. 8, 1865
10 " James Stuart Nov. 22, 1865 San Antonio, Texas 25 580 " Dec. 31, 1865
11 " Otto Funke Sept. 30, 1865 Memphis, Tenn. 42 1019 " Oct. 4, 1865
12 " Hamilton B. Dox May 29, 1866 Houston, Texas 13 382 " June 13, 1865
13 " George M. Alden Aug. 31, 1865 Bine Bluff, Ark. 24 508 " Sept. 14, 1865
14 " Francis M. Davidson July 31, 1865 Pulaski, Tenn. 36 853 "
15 " George A. Bacon         "


Schedule B — Continued.
No. Commanding Officer. Date of muster-out. Place of muster-out. No. officers. No. of enlisted men. Arrival at rendezvous.
16 Col. Robert W. Smith Aug. 19, 1865 Nashville, Tenn. 28 485 Chicago
17 " John L. Beveridge, 4 cos Nov. 23, 1865 Leavenworth, Kansas      
  " " 5 cos Dec. 16, 1865 " 34 698 Springfield
  " " 3 cos Dec. 22, 1865 "      
  Total cavalry     427 9555  
A Capt. Peter P. Wood July 23, 1864 Chicago, Ill. 5 134 Chicago
A " Edward P. White July 10, 1865 "     " July 7, 1865
B " Israel P. Rumsey July 23, 1864 " 5 139 Springfield
B " Lyman A. White July 6, 1865 "     Chicago, July 5, 1865
C " Joseph R. Channel June 12, 1865 Camp Butler 1 99 " June 8, 1865
D " George P. Cunningham July 28, 1865 Chicago, Ill. 5 123 July 22, 1865
E " Orrin W. Cram July 15, 1865   5 124 Springfield, July 8, 1865
F " Josiah H. Burton Mch. 7, 1865 Consolidated with other battery      
G " William N. Taylor July 24, 1865 Camp Butler 3 66 Chicago, July 17, 1865
H Brevet Maj. Frans. DeGress June14, 1865 " 2 72 " June 10, 1865
I Capt. John C. Neeley July 26, 1865 Chicago, Ill. 5 137 Springfield, July 19, 1865
K " Isaac W. Curtis Feb. 14, 1865 Consolidated with battery E      
K " John H. Colvin June 19, 1865 Camp Butler 2 75 Chicago, June 11, 1865
    July 15, 1865 Chicago, Ill. 1 58 " July 11, 1865
L " John Rourke July 10, 1865 " 2 69 Springfield, June 28, 1865
M " George W. Spencer July 24, 1865 " 5 99 " July 19, 1865
A Capt. William W. Campbell July 27, 1865 Camp Butler 3 143 Springfield, July 22, 1865
B Maj. Fletcher H. Chapman July 15, 1865 " 3 49 " July 5, 1865
C " James P. Flood Aug. 3, 1865 " 3 120 " July 19, 1865
D Capt. Charles S. Cooper Nov. 1, 1864 Consolidated with battery K      
E " George L. Nispel   Consolidated with battery A      
F " George R. Richardson July 27, 1865 Camp Butler 3 95 Springfield, July 21, 1865


G Capt. John W. Lowell Sept. 4, 1865 Camp Butler 4 123 Springfield, Aug. 31, 1865
H " Henry C. Whittemore July 29, 1865 " 5 134 " July 22, 1865
I " Judson Rich June 14, 1865 "   114 " June 8, 1865
K " Thomas C. Barber July 14, 1865 Chicago, Ill. 3 96 Chicago, July 11, 1865
L " Thaddeus C. Hulaniski Aug. 9, 1865 " 5 112 " Aug. 4, 1865
M " John C. Phillips Apr. 11, 1864 Consolidated with other battery      
Name. Commanding Officer. Date of muster-out. Place of muster-out. No. officers No. enlisted men. Arrival at rendezvous.
Board of Trade Capt. George J. Robinson June 30, 1865 Chicago 4 147 Springfield, June 27, 1865
Springfield " Thomas F. Vaughn " Camp Butler 3 114 " June 25, 1865
Mercantile " Patrick H. White July 10, 1865 Chicago 5 130 Chicago, July 5, 1865
Elgin " Andrew M. Wood July 18, 1865 " 5 106 " July 11, 1865
Cogswell's " William R. Elting Aug. 14, 1865 Camp Butler 3 62 Springfield, Aug. 11, 1865
Henshaw's " Edward C. Henshaw July 18, 1865 " 4 119 Chicago, July 14,1865
Bridges' " Lyman Bridges   Assigned as bat. B, 1st Ill. art.      
Colvin's " John H. Colvin   Assigned as bat. K, 1st Ill. art.      
  Total artillery     94 2,859  


  Officers. Total. Enlisted men. Total.
Mustered out at Springfield, Illinois:  
Infantry 2,029   38,290  
Cavalry 321   7,224  
Artillery 38   1,368  
    2,388   46,882
Mustered out at Chicago, Illinois:  
Infantry 1,022   17,813  
Cavalry 70   1,478  
Artillery 56   1,491  
    1,148   20,782
Mustered out in the field, and never reported at State rendezvous:  
Cavalry 36   853  
    36   853
Grand total   3,572   68,517


List of Flags in custody of the Adjutant General's Office, Illinois.
No. Reg. Nat'l Col. Reg. Col. Guidons. Inscription on Flags.
7 2 1 2 Town Creek, Fort Donelson, Swallow Bluff, Pittsburg Landing, Butler's Creek, Siege of Corinth, Whippy Swamp, Neuse Bridge, Corinth, Allatoona Pass, Columbia, Raleigh, Savannah, Bentonville.
  2     Company flags.
8 1 1    
9 1 1 8  
10 1 1   Presented to the 10th Illinois Infantry, by the ladies of Alton.
11 1 1    
12 1 1    
13 1 1   Actually first at Chickasaw Bayou and assault of 29th; Jackson, May 14, 1863; Vicksburg and assault. May 22, 1863; Jackson, July 10, 1863; Tuscumbia, Oct. 26-27, 1863; Lookout Mountain, Nov. 24, 1863; Mission Ridge, Nov. 25, 1863; Ringgold, Georgia, Nov. 27, 1863.
  1     This flag was transmitted to the State with the following letters: "COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS," Executive Department, Boston, May 10, 1865. To His Excellency, Gov. OGLESBY, Springfield, Ill.: GOVERNOR: I inclose with this a copy of a letter I received yesterday from Rev. Dr. Lothrop, clergyman of the Brattle street church in this city, which tells its own story. Locke, who is a fine young fellow in appearance, brought it to me in person, and brought with it the silk flag, the first Union flag displayed in Richmond on the day of its capture. Upon examination, this flag appears to belong to an Illinois regiment, numbered the 13th; but of what arm of the service, whether infantry or cavalry, does not appear. It was probably hanging in Turner's office as a rebel trophy. It belongs of right, therefore, to your State, and I hold it subject to your order, content in yielding it to you, to remember, as symbolical of the common patriotism of the whole country, that the first Union flag raised in Richmond was an Illinois flag by a Massachusetts soldier. I am, Governor, faithfully, Your friend and servant, [Signed.] JOHN A. ANDREW. Governor of Massachusetts. "12 CHESTNUT STREET, May 9, 1865. To His Excellency, JOHN A. ANDREW. Governor of Massachusetts; DEAR SIR: The bearer, John F. Locke, of Somerville, a private of company E, 39th regiment Massachusetts volunteers, 5th army corps, was captured at the attack on Weldon railroad, on the 19th of August, 1864, and sent to Salisbury, N. C. where he was kept till the 20th of February, 1865, and on that day was sent to Richmond, arriving there on the 22d, to be paroled and exchanged. The day after his arrival at Richmond, he met Capt. Porter, Adjutant General of his brigade, who had been left by Gen. Hays in charge of the supplies sent to Richmond for our prisoners there, and Capt. Porter wished him to remain and assist in the charge and distribution of these supplies. With this wish or order he complied, and remained at Richmond so employed up to the time of the evacuation of that city by the rebels, civil and military, Capt. Porter having in the meantime left, and Capt. Stuart, of the 146th New York regiment, taking his place. On the morning of the 3d of April, Capt. Stewart, Locke and one soldier having passed the night in the building containing our stores, which was near Libby prison, Capt. Stewart left a little before 7 o'clock, and walked up Main street to see what was going on, the explosions, the fires and other indications all satisfying them the city was being evacuated. Locke was left in charge of the building. About twenty minutes after this, Capt. Stewart's servant came down to the building and said the Federal cavalry were coming in — that they were about a mile and a half off. Locke, upon hearing this, went immediately over to Libby, entered Major Turner's office, found there two captured Union flags — one silk, the other bunting — returned to the building, and proceeding to the third story, hung out the Union flag from a window or doorway before


Schedule C — Continued.
No. Reg. Nat'l Col. Reg. Col. Guidons. Inscription on Flags.
        any of our troops were in sight and while there were yet straggling many rebel soldiers in the street. He claims thus to have raised the first Union flag in Richmond, and as he proposes waiting upon your Excellency with the Union flag which he took from Major Turner's office in the Libby, and wanted these facts to be known to you, I have taken the liberty to write them out in the form of this note to you. Locke has been nearly three years in the service, and is twenty-one years old. Commending him to your Excellency, I have the honor to be, with great regard, your friend and obedient servant, [Signed] S. K. LOTHROP."
14 2 1   Shiloh, Siege of Corinth, Metamora, Siege of Vicksburg, Jackson, Champion Hills, Atlanta, Savannah, Salkahatchie, Columbia, Fayetteville, Cheraw, Bentonville.
15 2 1   Donelson, Shiloh, Siege of Corinth, Metamora, Siege of Vicksburg, Jackson, Champion Hills, Atlanta, Savannah, Salkahatchie, Columbia, Fayetteville, Cheraw, Bentonville.
16 2 1   New Madrid, Island No. 10, Siege of Corinth, Nashville, Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, Knoxville, Rocky Face, Resaca, Rome, Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek, Jonesboro, Atlanta, Savannah, Charleston, Averysboro, Bentonville, Raleigh.
17 1 1    
18 1 1 1  
19 1 1   Stone River, December 31, 1862, Jan. 2, 1863.
20 1 1   Presented by the citizens of Chicago for gallant conduct on the fields of Fredericktown and Donelson.
21 2 1    
22 2 1   Charleston, Belmont, New Madrid, Island 10, Farmington, Siege of Corinth, Stone River.
23 1 1    
24 1 1    
25 1 1   Pea Ridge, Ark., Siege of Corinth, Miss., Perryville, Ky., Nolensville, Tenn., Stone River, Chickamauga, Ga. Mission Ridge, Tenn., Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., Peach Tree Creek, Siege of Atlanta, Ga.
26   2    
27 2 1   Belmont, Union City, Island 10, Siege of Corinth, Lavergne, Stone River, Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, Rocky Face, Resaca, Adairsville, Dallas, Mud Creek, Peach Tree Creek, Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta.
28 1 1 2 Fort Henry, Fort Heiman, Little Bethel, Feb. 13; Pittsburg landing, Tenn., April 6 and 7; Hatchie, Oct. 5.
29 1 1   Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth.
30 2 1    
31 1 1   Belmont, Fort Henry, Donelson, Siege of Corinth, Tuscumbia River, Thomson Hills, Ingraham Heights, Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hills, Black River Bridge, Siege of Vicksburg and 22d May, Fort Hill, Monroe, La., Meridian, Big Shanty, Bush Mountain, Kenesaw Mountain, Siege of Atlanta, Atlanta, July 21, 22 and 28; Lovejoy Station, Jonesboro, Savannah, Pocotaligo, Salkahatchie, Charleston, Orangeburg, Columbia, Cheraw, Fayetteville, Bentonville, Goldsboro, Raleigh.
32 1 1   Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Hatchie, Siege of Corinth, Vicksburg, Jackson, Kenesaw Mountain, Nickajack, Atlanta, Savannah, Pocotaligo, Columbia, Salkahatchie, Raleigh, Bentonville.
33 2 1    
34 1 1 2  
35 1 1    
36   2   Pea Ridge, March 6, 7 and 8: Perryville, Oct. 8; Stone River, Dec. 31, 1862; Chicamauga Sept. 20, 1863; Mission Ridge, Nov. 25, 1862: Resaca, May 14, 1864; Pleasant Hill, May 17, 1864; Kenesaw Mountain, June 27, 1864; Peach Tree Creek, July 20, 1864: Atlanta Campaign, Spring Hill, Franklin, Nov. 30, 1864; Nashville, Dec. 15 and 16, 1864.
37 1 1   Presented by Miss Helen Anan, of Chicago — Alpine, Bath, Winchester.
38 2 2   Fredericktown, Corinth, Chapel Hill, Knob Gap, Stone River.
39 1 1 2 Presented by His Excellency, Governor Yates. Presented to the regiment by the Agricultural Society, in 1861, as a prize for good drilling. The staff of this flag was surmounted by a solid gilt metal eagle, with the following inscription: "Presented to the 39th Illinois Volunteers, by Maj. Gen. Gibbon, commanding 24th army corps, for gallant conduct during the assault on Fort Gregg, before Petersburg, April 2, 1865."
40 3 2   New Hope Church, Black Jack Knob, Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Lovejoy's Station, Griswoldsville, Savannah, Cambahee Creek, Columbia, Bentonville.


Schedule C — Continued.
No. Reg. Nat'l Col. Reg. Col. Guidons. Inscription on Flags.
41 1 1    
42 1 1    
43 2 1    
44 2 1   Chaplin Hills, Pea Ridge, Stone River, Rocky Pace, Resaca, Calhoun, Adairsville, Dallas, Lost Mountain, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Lovejoy, Spring Hill, Franklin, Nashville, Dec. 15 and 16, 1864.
45 1 1    
46 1 1    
47 1 1    
48 2 2   Fort Henry, Donelson, Shiloh, Knoxville.
49 1 2   Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Siege of Corinth, Little Rock, Fort DeRussy, Pleasant Hill, Cloutierville, Moore's Plantation, Avoyell's Prairie, Bayou Yellow, Chicot, Tupelo, Franklin, Nashville.
50 1 1    
51 1 1    
52 1 1 2 Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Siege of Corinth, Iuka, Corinth, Resaca, Lay's Ferry, Rome Cross Roads, Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, Nickajack Creek, Decatur, before Atlanta, Jonesboro, Allatoona, Savannah, Columbia, Bentonville.
53 2 1    
54 1 1   Vicksburg, Little Rock, Clarendon, Grand Prairie.
55 1 1    
56   2   Inscription upon a silver plate on the staff, "Presented to the 56th Illinois by Mrs. Maria Raum, January, 1863. sub hoc signo vinces."
57 1 2 3  
58 2 2    
59 1 2 2  
60 2 1   Island No. 10, Siege of Nashville, Corinth, Lavergne, Chattanooga, Buzzard Roost, Rocky Face Mountain, Resaca, Rome, Dallas, Lost Mountain, Ackworth, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek, Nickajack, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Savannah, Averysboro, Bentonville, Goldsboro, Raleigh.
61 1 1    
62 1 1    
63 1 1 2 Inscription upon a silver plate on staff, "Presented by the citizens of Richland county to 63d Illinois Infantry." Siege of Vicksburg, Miss.; Richmond, La., June 16, 1863; Mission Ridge, Tenn., Nov. 25, 1863; Atlanta, Aug. 31, 1864; Allatoona, Oct. 5, 1864; Savannah, Dec. 21, 1864; Salkahatchie, S. C., Feb. 6, 1865; Columbia, Feb. 17, 1865; Bentonville, N.C., March 21, 1865.
64 1 1   Presented by the Governor, Richard Yates. New Madrid, Island 10, Siege of Corinth, Chambers' Creek, May 3, 1862; Tuscumbia Creek, Iuka, Sept. 19; Corinth, Glendale, Dallas, Nickajack, Snake Creek Gap, Resaca, Big Shanty, Kenesaw Mountain, Siege of Atlanta, July 21, 22, 28; Jonesboro, Savannah.
65 1 1   Pocotaligo, Salkahatchie, Charleston, Columbia, Cheraw, Bentonville.
66 1 1   Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth, Iuka, Resaca, Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta, Savannah, Bentonville, Mount Zion.
73 2     Stone River, Perryville.
75 1 1   Perryville, Stone River, Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Mission Ridge.
76 1 1    
77 1 1    
78 1 1   Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Resaca, Rome, Kenesaw Mountain, Jonesboro, Atlanta, Savannah, Averysboro, Bentonville.
79 1 1    
80 1 1    
81 3 2   Thomson's Hill, Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hill, Investment of Vicksburg, Charge of the fortifications, Siege of Vicksburg, Brownsville, Miss., Red River Expedition, Springdale Landing, Old River, Cloutierville, Guntown, Ripley.
82 2 1    
83 1 1   Fort Donelson, Feb. 3, 1863.
84 2 1    
85 1 1   Perryville, Stone River, Chickamauga, Polk Creek, Buzzard Roost, Resaca, Rome, Kenesaw, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Savannah, Goldsboro, Raleigh.
86 1 1    
87 1 1    
88 2 1   Chaplain Hills, Stone River, Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, Atlanta, Franklin, Nashville.
89 1 1   Stone River, Liberty Gap, Orchard Knob, Chickamauga, Mission Ridge.
90 2 1   Atlanta, Vicksburg, Resaca, Coldwater, Jackson, Mission Ridge.


Schedule C — Continued.
No. Reg. Nat'l Col. Reg. Col. Guidons. Inscription on Flags.
91 1 1    
92 1 1    
93 1 1   Jackson May 14, 1863; Champion Hill, May 16, 1863; Vicksburg, Miss., May 19 to July 4, 1863; Mission Ridge, Nov. 25, 1863; Dalton, Feb. 25, 1864.
94 1 1    
95 2 1   Champion Hill, May 16, 1863; Black River Bridge; Vicksburg, May 19 and 22, and July 4, 1863; Red River Expedition, Cloutierville, Old River and Yellow Bayou, Guntown, Nashville, Spanish Fort, Blakely, Mobile.
96 1 1 2 Spring Hill, Triune, Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Buzzard Roost, Rocky Face Ridge, Dalton, Resaca, Kingston, New Hope Church, Pine Mountain, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek, Jonesboro, Lovejoy.
97 1 1   Chickasaw Bluff, December 29, 1862; Arkansas Post, January 11, 1863; Port Gibson, May 1, 1863; Champion Hill, May 16, 1863; Black River Bridge, May 17, 1863; Vicksburg, May 18, 19, 20, 22, July 4, 1863; Jackson, July 10 and 15, 1863.
98 1 1 3 Hoover's Gap, Chickamauga, Farmington, Kenesaw Mountain, Siege of Atlanta, Rome, Salem.
99 2 1    
100 1 1   Lavergne, Stone River, Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, Rocky Face, Resaca, Dallas, Lost Mountain, Kenesaw, Jonesboro, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Lovejoy, Spring Hill, Franklin, Nashville.
101 1 1    
102 1 1    
103 1 1   Tallahatchie River, Siege of Vicksburg, Black River, Jackson, Missionary Ridge, Knoxville, Dalton, Resaca, Dallas, New Hope Church, Noon Day Creek, Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta, July 22; Ezra's Chapel, Jonesboro, Lovejoy, Gadsden, Ala.; Griswoldsville, Congaree Creek, Columbia, Bentonville, Raleigh.
104 1 1    
105 2 2    
106 1 1    
107 1 1    
108 1 1    
111 2 1    
113 1 1   Chickasaw Bayou, Assault 19th and 22d, Arkansas Post, Siege of Vicksburg, Black Bayou, Guntown, Memphis, Eastport.
114 2 1    
115 1 1    
116   2    
117 2 1   Fort DeRussy, March 14, 1864; Pleasant Hill, La., April 6, 1864; Tupelo, Miss., July 14, 1864; Nashville, December 15 and 16, 1864; Fort Blakely and Mobile, Ala., April 9, 1865.
118 1 1   Grand Coteau, Chickasaw Bluff, Black River Bridge, Arkansas Post, Vicksburg, Port Gibson, Jackson, Champion Hills.
119 2 2 2  
120 1 1    
122 1 1    
123 2   10  
124 1 1    
125 1 1    
126 1 1    
127 3 1   Vicksburg, Chickasaw Bayou, Arkansas Post, Jackson, Mission Ridge, Resaca, Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta, July 22, 28 and August 3; Jonesboro, Savannah, Bentonville.
129 1 1    
130 1 1   Port Gibson, Champion Hills, Black River Bridge, Vicksburg, Jackson, Mansfield, La.: Kane River, Atchafalaya, Spanish Fort, Capture of Mobile.
133 1 1    
143 1 1    
144 1 1    
146 1 1    
147 1 1 2  
148 1 1 2  
149 1 1 2  
150 1 1    
151 1 1 3  
152 1 1    
153 1 1    
Co. A 1      
154 l 1    
155 1 1    
  1 1 2 29th U. S. Col.
3 1 1    


Schedule C — Continued.
No. Reg. Nat'l Col. Reg. Col. Guidons. Inscription on Flags.
5 1 1 3  
7 1 1 12 Corinth, Nashville, Iuka, Grierson Raid, Franklin, Coffeyville, Island 10, Collierville, New Madrid, Port Hudson, Campbellville, Summerville.
8 2      
9 1     Salem, Miss., Oct. 8, 1863; Tupelo, Miss., July 15, 1864; Hurricane Creek, Miss., Aug. 14, 1864; Campbellville, Tenn., Nov. 14, 1864; Franklin, Nov. 27, 1864; Nashville, Dec. 15 and 16, 1864.
10 1 1    
11 1 1    
12   1    
13   2   Pittman's Ferry, Ark., July 20, 1862; Cotton Plant, Ark., July 25; Union City, Mo., Aug. 22, 1862; Camp Pillow, Mo., Aug. 29, 1862; Bloomfield, Mo., Sept. 13, 1862; Van Buren, Mo., Dec. 21, 1862; Alton, Mo., Jan. 17, 1863; Eleven Point River, Mo., March 26, 1863; Jackson, Mo., April 22, 1863; White River, Mo., April 23, 1863; Bloomfield, Mo., April 24, 1863; Union City and Chalk Bluff, Mo., April 25, 1863; Busby Creek, Mo., May 31, 1863; near Helena, Ark., Aug. 8, 1863; Grand Prairie, Aug. 16, 1863; Deadman's Lake, Aug. 17, 1863; Brownsville, Ark., Aug. 24 and 25, 1863; Bayou Metre No. 1, Ark., Aug. 27 and 28, 1863; Austin, Ark., Aug. 31,1863; Bayou Metre, Ark., Sept. 4, 1863; Little Rock, Sept. 10, 1863; Benton, Ark., Sept. 11, 1863; Batesville, Oct. 22, 1863; Pine Bluff, Nov. 28, 1863; Arkadelphia, April 2, 1864; Ocolona, April 3, 1864; Little Mo. River, April 4, 1864; Prairie du Ann, April 10, 11 and 12, 1864; Camden, April 15, 1864; Jenkins' Ferry, April 30, 1864; Cross Roads, Sept. 11, 1864; Mount Elba, Oct. 1864; Douglass' Landing, Feb. 22, 1865; Monticello, March 28, 1865.
14 1 1   Bean Station, Knoxville and Atlanta.
17 1 1    
D. 1st Artillery. Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Raymond, Champion Hills, Siege of Vicksburg, Atlanta, Lovejoy's Station, Jonesboro.
  1     H. 1st artillery.
  1     I. 1st artillery.
  1     H. 2d artillery.
  1     L. 2d artillery.
  2     Mercantile battery.
  1     Henshaw's battery.
        Artillery Brigade, 14 A. C. Yellow silk banner, crossed cannons, "U. S." in scroll.
U'kn   1   Almost entrely worn out.
U'kn 1     Island 10. Siege of Corinth, Siege of Nashville, Mission Ridge, Tunnell Hill, Siege of Knoxville. The blue field and white stripes of this flag are entirely worn out.
Des. Description.
A Flannel Flag. — Stars and bars, 12 stars, "Jeff Davis" in black velvet on white bar. Captured by 37th Illinois volunteers, at Pea Ridge.
B Garrison Flag. — Stars and bars, 15 stars, red, white and red cambric.
C Garrison Flag. — Stars and bars, 11 stars, red, white and red bunting. Taken by United States forces under command of Brig. Gen. Palmer, on the 7th of October, 1862, at Lavergne, Tenn., and by him presented to State of Illinois.
D White Silk Banner. — Eagle, stars and flowers, worked in silk. Inscribed "Jefferson Troop," "30th December, 1814." Taken by a company of cavalry under Brig. Gen. Osterhaus, from a company of Louisiana cavalry, in the battle of Black River Bridge, June, 1863.
E Blue Silk Flag. — 15 stars, Cotton Plant worked in silk, with the motto, "Regnant Populi."
F Red Cotton Flag. — Southern cross in blue, 13 stars. Inscribed "Barlow's Battery," "32 shots in gunboat Gen. Bragg, June 15, 1864." This flag was captured, together with two pieces of artillery, at Brookhaven, Miss., by the 2d cavalry brigade, Col. J. G. Fonda, commanding, August 18, 1864.
G Red Banner. — Bunting, southern cross in blue, 12 stars. Captured by Corp. N. S. Lockwood, from 2d Tennessee rebel cavalry, in the fight with Gen. Forrest. It is pierced with bullets, and stained with the life blood of its former bearer, who only surrendered it in his death.
H Regimental Flag. — Red, white and red bars. Inscribed with the coat of arms of Tennessee, and "18th Tennessee regiment." This flag was presented to the 18th Tennessee by the ladies of Murfreesboro, and captured at the battle of Fort Donelson, by Co. E, 66th Illinois volunteers.


Schedule C — Concluded.
Des. Description.
K Red Bunting Banner. — Southern cross in blue, 13 stars. This flag was captured in the last charge of July 22, 1864, before Atlanta, Ga., made by the 66th and 64th Illinois volunteers, sharpshooters. The flag belonged to the Texan Rangers, and was only surrendered by its bearer in his death, to Capt. George W. Reid and Sergeant (now 1st Lieut.) Henry Miller, Co. D, 64th Illinois.
I Red Banner. — Bunting, Southern cross in blue, 13 stars. Battle flag of the 46th rebel infantry. Captured by Corp. Joseph Claucus, company E, 2d Illinois cavalry, at Blakely, Ala., April 1, 1865.
1 A Brass Cannon. — Captured at Macon, Ga., by 1st brigade, 2d division cavalry, corps M. D. M. It is in an unfinished state, and is called the "Stockton Gun." It is one of four guns intended for presentation to Gen. Forrest, C. S. A. These guns were found buried in the burial ground of the small-pox hospital, with head and foot boards, as of a deceased soldier. Presented to the State by the 98th Illinois mounted infantry.
2 A Tin Trumpet. — Taken from the Chief Bugler of Col. Slomm's regiment rebel cavalry, by the 16th Illinois cavalry, at Jonesville, Va., November 29, 1863, in a fight in which the rebel loss was 21 officers and men killed, 21 prisoners, 85 stand of arms, and 15 horses and equipments.
3 Sabre with a Wooden Scabbard. — Captured by the 98th Illinois mounted infantry, at Macon, Ga., with other arms, in the old Baptist church.
4 Unfinished Rifle from Macon Arsenal. — Captured by 98th Illinois mounted infantry.
5 Ballard's Breech-Loading Carbine. — Captured by 98th Illinois mounted infantry, from office of Col. J. W. Mallet, Superintendent of C. S. Laboratory, at Macon.
6 Hall's Breech-Loading Rife. — Captured by 98th Illinois mounted infantry, from Macon arsenal.
7 Brass-Mounted Musket. — Captured from 5th Alabama cavalry, at Madison Station, Alabama, May 17, 1864. Presented to the State by Surgeon S. C. Plummer, 13th Illinois infantry.
8 Sergeant's Sword. — 18 inches long and 2 1/2 inches wide. Captured at Island No. 10, May 5, 1862, by Maj. F. A. Starring, 2d Illinois artillery.
9 Enfield Musket. — Captured by 98th Illinois mounted infantry, at Macon, Ga.
10 Two Fragments of Shell. — Sent from Vicksburg by Col. John Logan, 32d Illinois.
11 C. S. A. Breech-Loading Carbine.
12 Goyn & Campbell's Carbine.
13 Squirrel Rifle, from Pea Ridge. — Barrel nearly four feet in length.
14 Unfinished Rifle. — Captured by 98th Illinois mounted infantry, at Macon, Ga.
15 Green's Breech-Loading Carbine.
16 Burnside Carbine.
17 Breech-Loading Carbine. — Captured by the 98th Illinois mounted infantry, at Macon, Georgia. Brunswick Carbine, manufactured by Barnett, London, — Captured by 98th Illinois mounted infantry, at Macon, Ga.
19 Corn Knife, with iron guard for the hilt. — Captured by Lieut. H. C. Walker, from Texan Rangers, at Jackson, Mo., March 28, 1863.
21 Board. — Taken from the stocks at Andersonville prison, Ga., May 9, 1865, by 98th Illinois mounted infantry. This is a part of that portion of the stocks used to confine the limbs of refractory Union officers.


COUNTIES. Population in 1860 1ST AND 2D CLASS ENROLLMENT. Revised enrollment January, 1865 QUOTAS.
1863. 1864. 1861. 1862. Call 700,00 Feb. 1 and March 14, 1864 Call 500,00 July 18, 1864
Adams 41,144 7,049 8,475 6,457 1,154 789 1,587 1,323
Alexander 4,652 2,221 2,942 2, 795 130 89 500 459
Bond 9,767 1,465 1,803 1,059 274 187 330 281
Boone 11,670 1,600 1,646 1,266 327 224 360 257
Brown 9,919 1,311 1,558 1,500 278 190 295 243
Bureau 26,415 4,533 5,233 4,696 741 507 1,021 817
Calhoun 5,143 952 1,175 593 144 99 214 183
Carroll 11,718 2,109 2,172 2,010 329 225 475 339
Cass 11,313 1,610 2,073 1,604 317 217 363 324
Champaign 14,581 2,776 3,061 2,997 409 280 625 478
Christian 10,475 2,155 2,512 1,532 294 201 485 392
Clark 14,948 1,886 2,029 1,529 419 287 425 317
Clay 9,309 1,365 1,444 1,525 261 178 307 225
Clinton 10,729 2,056 2,372 1,483 301 206 463 370
Coles 14,174 2,773 3,203 3,407 397 272 624 500
Cook 143,947 33,471 38,262 34,366 4,036 2,761 7,536 5,972
Crawford 11,529 1,561 1,624 1,449 323 221 352 253
Cumberland 8,309 903 985 906 233 159 203 154
DeKalb 19,079 3,150 3,269 2,600 535 366 709 510
DeWitt 10,814 1,604 1,947 1,507 303 207 361 304
Douglas 7,109 1,491 1,803 1,846 199 136 336 281
DuPage 14,696 1,300 2,188 1,911 412 282 293 342
Edgar 16,888 2,671 3,605 3,343 474 324 601 563
Edwards 5,379 747 728 734 151 103 168 114
Effingham 7,805 1,302 1,760 1,225 219 150 293 275
Fayette 11,146 1,956 2,020 2,043 313 214 440 315
Ford 1,979 491 607 246 55 38 111 96
Franklin 9,367 1,214 1,363 1,692 263 180 273 213
Fulton 33,289 4,169 4,967 4,782 933 638 939 775
Gallatin 7,629 1,065 1,191 1,366 214 146 240 186
Greene 16,067 2,271 2,726 2,486 450 308 511 425
Grundy 10,372 1,794 1,984 1,622 291 199 404 310
Hamilton 9,849 1,226 1,323 1,364 276 189 276 206
Hancock 29,041 4,440 5,280 4,186 814 557 1,000 824
Hardin 3,704 472 561 606 104 71 106 88
Henderson 9,499 1,746 1,998 1,669 266 182 393 312
Henry 26,658 3,933 4,624 4,708 579 396 886 722
Iroquois 12,285 2,204 2,458 2,306 344 236 496 384
Jackson 9,560 1,586 1,797 1,854 268 183 357 280
Jasper 8,350 975 998 947 234 160 220 156
Jefferson 12,931 1,812 1,845 1,657 363 248 408 288
Jersey 11,942 1,901 2,324 1,819 335 229 428 263
JoDaviess 27,147 3,233 3,709 1,895 761 521 728 579
Johnson 9,306 1,219 1,314 1,362 261 178 275 405
Kane 30,024 4,530 4,962 5,002 842 576 1,020 774
Kankakee 15,393 2,353 2,575 1,914 432 295 530 402
Kendall 13,073 1,959 2,021 1,690 367 251 441 315
Knox 28,512 4,576 5,212 5,096 799 547 1,030 814
Lake 18,248 2,391 2,592 1,680 512 350 538 405
LaSalle 48,272 8,333 9,992 6,420 1,353 926 1,876 1,560
Lawrence 8,976 1,193 1,443 1,325 252 172 269 225
Lee 17,643 3,235 3,493 3,138 495 338 728 546
Livingston 11,632 2,307 2,922 1,890 326 223 520 456
Logan 14,247 2,377 2,870 2,626 399 273 535 448
Macon 13,655 2,504 3,245 3,331 383 262 564 506
Macoupin 24,504 4,219 5,093 3,637 687 470 950 795
Madison 30,689 6,951 8,598 4,449 860 588 1,565 1,342
Marion 12,730 2,051 2,454 2,730 357 244 462 383
Marshall 13,437 2,165 2,866 2,557 378 258 487 447
Mason 10,929 1,529 1,695 1,822 306 210 344 265
Massac 6,101 965 1,236 1,569 171 117 217 193
McDonough 20,061 3,221 3,458 3,758 562 385 725 540
McHenry 22,085 3,117 3,194 2,647 619 423 702 499


PRIOR TO DECEMBER 31, 1864. DECEMBER 31, 1865.
Total quotas Total credits Deficits Excess Assigned quota Net quota Total quota Credit Total credit Deficit Excess
4,853 4,418 435   1,081 646 5,499 755 5,173 326  
1,178 1,325   147 201 348 1,526 33 1,358 168  
1,072 1,052 20   109 89 1,161 96 1,148 13  
1,168 1,080 88   236 148 1,316 257 1,337   21
1,006 1,081   75 132 207 1,213 134 1,215   2
3,086 2,746 340   852 512 3,598 880 3,626   28
640 460 180   111 69 571 68 528 43  
1,368 1,176 190   378 188 1,556 320 1,498 58  
1,221 1,109 112   260 148 1,369 203 1,312 57  
1,792 2,027   235 195 430 2,222 249 2,276   54
1,372 1,192 180   257 77 1,449 177 1,369 80  
1,448 1,336 110   228 118 1,566 222 1,560 6  
971 1,391   426 65 491 1,462 85 1,482   20
1,340 1,147 193   241 48 1,388 185 1,332   56
1,793 2,679   886 49 935 2,728 62 2,741   13
20,305 18,867 1,438   5,202 3,764 24,069 3,569 22,436 1,633  
1,149 1,111 38   202 164 1,313 212 1,323   10
749 880   131 38 169 918 40 920   2
2,120 2,069 51   323 272 2,392 322 2,391 1  
1,175 1,462   287 41 328 1,503 60 1,522   19
952 1,008   56 169 225 1,177 167 1,175 2  
1,329 1,270 54   256 202 1,531 249 1,524 7  
1,962 1,954 8   418 410 2,372 353 2,312 60  
536 533 3   86 83 619 92 625   6
937 1,121   184 70 254 1,191 81 1,202   11
1,282 1,419   137 248 385 1,667 210 1,629 38  
300 222 78   50 28 272 49 271 1  
929 1,208   279 51 330 1,259 33 1,241 18  
3,285 3,201 84   649 565 3,850 538 3,739 111  
786 1,356   572   572 1,358 4 1,362   4
1,694 1,678 16   321 305 1,999 262 1,940 59  
1,204 1,151 53   213 160 1,364 192 1,343 21  
947 1,216   269 77 346 1,293 10 1,226 67  
3,195 2,908 287   598 311 3,506 364 3,272 234  
369 561   192   192 561 8 569   8
1,153 1,166   13 247 260 1,413 164 1,330 83  
2,583 2,573 10   574 564 3,147 504 3,077 70  
1,460 1,502   42 228 270 1,730 267 1,769   39
1,088 1,371   283 80 363 1,451 51 1,422 29  
770 843   73 87 160 930 105 948   18
1,307 1,159 148   275 127 1,434 171 1,330 104  
1,355 1,220 235   339 104 1,459 109 1,229 230  
2,589 2,205 384   556 172 2,761 308 2,513 248  
919 1,423   504   504 1,423 3 1,426   3
3,212 3,588   376 284 660 3,872 285 3,873   1
1,659 1,597 62   212 180 1,839 167 1,764 75  
1,374 1,337 37   218 181 1,555 214 1,551 4  
3,190 3,330   140 512 652 3,842 507 3,837 5  
1,805 1,641 164   256 92 1,897 249 1,890 7  
5,715 5,181 534   956 422 6,137 761 5,942 195  
918 1,134   216 100 316 1,234 96 1,230 4  
2,107 1,992 115   462 341 2,454 45 2,446 8  
1,524 1,479 45   254 209 1,731 264 1,743   10
1,655 2,074   410 57 476 2,131 86 2,160   29
1,715 1,851   136 282 418 2,133 338 2,189   56
2,902 2,641 261   568 307 3,209 543 3,184 25  
4,355 3,598 757   702 55 4,300 623 4,221 79  
1,446 1,822   376 124 500 1,946 132 1,954   8
1,570 1,335 235   477 242 1,812 462 1,791 15  
1,125 1,514   389 20 409 1,534 17 1,531 3  
698 865   167 102 269 967 15 880 87  
2,212 2,294   82 443 525 2,737 440 2,734 3  
2,243 2,176 67   360 293 2,536 357 2,533 3  


Schedule D — Concluded.
COUNTIES. Population in 1860 1ST AND 2D CLASS ENROLLMENT. Revised enrollment, January, 1865 QUOTAS.
1863. 1861. 1861. 1862. Call 700,000 Feb. 1 and March 14, 1864 Call 500,000 July 18, 1864
McLean 28,580 5,741 7,229 5,119 801 548 1,293 1,128
Menard 9,577 1,403 1,715 1,598 269 184 316 268
Mercer 15,037 2,075 2,325 2,376 422 288 467 363
Monroe 12,815 1,987 3,509 723 359 246 673 548
Montgomery 13,881 2,617 2,976 1,625 389 266 589 465
Morgan 21,937 3,248 3,935 3,537 615 421 731 614
Moultrie 6,384 951 970 982 179 122 214 151
Ogle 22,863 3,709 3,815 3,676 641 438 835 595
Peoria 36,475 6,238 7,828 7,303 1,023 698 1,405 1,222
Perry 9,508 1,518 1,554 1,622 267 182 342 243
Piatt 6,124 1,033 1,136 1,146 172 118 233 177
Pike 27,182 3,492 3,961 4,005 762 521 786 618
Pope 6,546 1,192 1,249 1,360 184 126 268 194
Pulaski 3,904 986 1,543 1,460 109 75 222 241
Putnam 5,579 916 1,006 850 156 107 106 157
Randolph 16,766 2,743 3,301 2,076 470 322 618 515
Richland 9,709 1,492 1,483 1,403 272 186 336 231
Rock Island 20,981 3,007 3,540 3,333 588 402 677 553
Saline 9,161 1,216 1,261 1,310 257 176 274 197
Sangamon 31,963 6,226 7,989 6,622 896 613 1,402 1,217
Schuyler 14,670 1,854 2,054 1,835 411 281 418 321
Scott 9,047 1,460 1,739 1,560 254 174 329 271
Shelby 14,590 2,910 3,673 2,415 409 280 655 573
Stark 9,003 1,284 1,602 1,481 252 173 289 250
St. Clair 37,169 7,159 8,959 4,539 1,042 713 1,612 1,398
Stephenson 25,112 3,998 4,285 3,358 704 482 900 669
Tazewell 21,427 3,598 4,381 3,066 601 411 810 684
Union 11,145 1,501 1,948 2,103 312 214 338 304
Vermilion 19,779 3,306 3,669 3,258 555 379 741 573
Wabash 7,233 937 910 997 203 139 211 142
Warren 18,293 3,041 3,627 3,244 513 351 685 566
Washington 13,725 2,341 2,682 1,709 385 263 527 419
Wayne 12,222 1,448 1,517 1,497 343 234 326 237
White 12,274 1,611 1,616 1,647 344 235 363 252
Whiteside 18,729 3,224 3,328 3,338 525 359 726 519
Will 29,264 5,746 5,338 3,452 821 561 1,294 833
Williamson 12,087 1,408 1,620 1,711 338 232 337 253
Winnebago 24,457 4,072 4,524 3,146 686 469 917 706
Woodford 13,281 2,419 2,842 1,569 372 255 545 444
Total 1,704,327 287,911 333,518 278,287 47,785 32,685 64,833 52,057


Total quotas Total credits Deficits Excess Assigned quota Net quota Total quota Credit Total credit Deficit Excess
3,770 3,723 47   466 419 4,189 626 4,349   160
1,037 991 16   225 179 1,216 234 1,225   9
1,540 1,676   136 186 322 1,862 172 1,848 14  
1,826 1,070 756   110 646 1,180 157 1,227   47
1,709 1,471 238   290 52 1,761 149 1,620 141  
2,381 2,431   50 349 369 2,780 301 2,732 48  
665 625 40   148 108 773 148 773    
2,509 2,445 64   514 180 2,989 508 2,953 36  
4,348 4,143 205   1,050 845 5,193 764 4,907 286  
1,034 1,446   412 36 448 1,482 22 1,468 14  
700 1,051   351   351 1,051 4 1,055   4
2,687 2,853   166 368 534 3,221 279 3,132 89  
772 1,252   480   480 1,252 1 1,253   1
647 637 10   196 186 833 6 643 190  
626 544 82   163 81 707 163 707    
1,925 1,859 66   207 141 2,066 240 2,099   33
1,025 1,523   498   498 1,523 54 1,577   54
2,220 2,111 109   492 383 2,603 362 2,473 130  
904 1,273   369 12 381 1,285 7 1,280 5  
4,158 4,596   438 330 768 4,926 414 5,010   84
1,430 1,479   49 176 225 1,655 91 1,570 85  
1,028 1,097   69 109 178 1,206 115 1,212   6
1,917 1,807 110   314 204 2,121 263 2,070 51  
964 895 69   239 170 1,134 189 1,084 50  
4,765 3,552 1,213   848 365 4,400 844 4,396 4  
2,755 2,738 17   418 401 3,156 430 3,168   12
2,506 2,179 327   544 217 2,723 521 2,700 23  
1,166 1,836   668   668 1,836 10 1,846   10
2,251 2,194 57   395 338 2,589 402 2,596   7
695 683 12   112 100 795 24 707 88  
2,115 2,071 44   406 362 2,477 384 2,455 22  
1,594 1,571 23   215 192 1,786 173 1,744 42  
1,140 1,586   446 25 471 1,611 27 1,613   2
1,194 1,981   787   787 1,981 3 1,984   3
2,129 2,019 110   520 410 2,539 516 2,535 4  
3,509 3,255 254   483 229 3,738 441 3,696 42  
1,161 1,572   411 6 417 1,578 3 1,575 3  
2,778 2,764 14   398 384 3,162 423 3,187   25
1,616 1,355 261   300 39 1,655 288 1,643 12  
197,360 198,596 11,186 12,422 32,892 35,291 231,488 27,996 226,592 5,715 819




Rank. Name. To date from Remarks.
Lt. Gen. U. S. A. Ulysses S. Grant July 25,1866 Vacated March 4, 1869
Maj. Gen. U. S. A. Ulysses S. Grant Mar. 2, 1864 Promoted General-in-Chief of the Armies
Brig. General Ulysses S. Grant Feb. 16, 1862 Promoted
" John Pope Mar. 21, 1862 "
" John A. McClernand " Resigned Nov. 30, 1864
" Stephen A. Hurlbut Sept. 17,1862 Mustered out June 20, 1865
" Benjamin M. Prentiss Nov. 29, 1862 Resigned Oct. 28, 1863
" John M. Palmer "  
" Richard J. Oglesby " Resigned May 26, 1864
" John A. Logan " Resigned Aug. 17, 1865
" John M. Schofield " Mustered out Sept. 1, 1866
" Giles A. Smith Nov. 24, 1865 Mustered out Feb. 1, 1866
Brig. General T. E. G. Ransom Sept. 1, 1864 Died at Rome, Ga., Oct. 29, 1864
" John McArthur Dec. 15, 1864 Mustered out Aug. 24, 1865
" John E. Smith Jan. 12, 1865 Mustered out April 30, 1866
" Benj. H. Grierson Feb. 10, 1865  
" John A. Rawlins Feb. 24, 1865  
" Eugene A. Carr Mar. 11, 1865 Mustered out Jan. 15, 1866
" Michael K. Lawler Mar. 13, 1865 Mustered out Jan. 15, 1866
" Joseph D. Webster " Resigned Nov. 6, 1865
" William P. Carlin Mar. 19, 1865 Mustered out Aug. 24, 1865
" Augustus L. Chetlain June 18, 1865 Mustered out Jan. 15, 1866
" Elias S. Dennis Apr. 13, 1865 Mustered out Aug. 24, 1865
Brev. Brig. Gen. Smith D. Atkins Mar. 13, 1865  
Brig. General Mason Brayman " Mustered out Aug. 24, 1865
" John Cook Aug. 24, 1865  
Brev. Brig. Gen. Benjamin Dornblaser Mar. 13, 1865  
Brig. General James D. Morgan Mar. 19, 1865 Mustered out Aug. 24, 1865
" Thomas O. Osborn Apr. 2, 1865 Resigned Sept. 28, 1865
" Julius White Mar. 13, 1865  


Schedule E — Continued.
Appointed from Names. To date from Remarks.
Regiment. Rank.
56 Inf. Colonel Green B. Raum Sept. 19, 1864  
15 Inf. " George C. Rogers Mar. 13, 1865  
7 Inf. " Richard Rowett "  
122 Inf. " John I. Rinaker "  
64 Inf. Brevet Col J. S. Reynolds July 11, 1865  
3 Cav. " James M. Ruggles Mar. 13, 1865  
82 Inf. " Edward S. Solomon "  
30 Inf. Colonel Warren Shedd "  
83 Inf. " Arthur A. Smith "  
102 Inf. " Franklin C. Smith "  
16 Inf. " Robert F. Smith "  
72 Inf. Brevet Col Joseph Stockton "  
88 Inf. Colonel Francis T. Sherman " Promoted
8 Inf. " Josiah A. Sheetz "  
27 Inf. Brevet Col William A. Schmitt "  
92 Inf. " Benjamin F. Sheetz "  
114 Inf. " Samuel N. Shoup "  
147 Inf. Colonel Hiram F. Sickles "  
96 Inf. Brevet Col. John C. Smith June 20, 1865  
155 Inf. Colonel Gustavus A. Smith Mar. 13, 1865  
65 Inf. " William S. Steward "  
16 Cav. " Robert W. Smith "  
72 Inf. " Frederick A. Starring "  
88 Inf. Lieut. Col. George W. Smith "  
62 Inf. Colonel James M. True Mar. 6, 1865  
10 Inf. " John Tilson Mar. 10, 1865  
108 Inf. " Charles Turner Mar. 26, 1865  
1 Art. " Ezra Taylor Mar. 13, 1865  
97 Inf. Brevet Col Victor Vifquain "  
84 Inf. Colonel Louis H. Waters June 18, 1865  
8 Cav. Major John M. Waite Mar. 13, 1865  
4 Cav. Colonel Martin R. M. Wallace "  
18 Inf. Lieut. Col. Jules C. Webber "  
52 Inf. Colonel John S. Wilcox "  
15 Cav. Major James G. Wilson "  
106 Inf. Colonel Henry Yates, Jr. "  
Name. Rank. For. Date of appointment. Remarks.
Major J. A. Rawlins Lieut. Col. Maj. Gen. Grant Nov. 1, 1862 Promoted
Capt. J. A. Rawlins Major " April 14, 1862 "
Walter A. Scates " Maj. Gen. McClernand June 30, 1862 M. O. Jan. 4, 1866
Edward W. Smith " Maj. Gen. D. Hunter Oct. 30, 1862 M. O. July 20, 1866
Lieut. Wm. D. Green "   April 21, 1863 M. O. Feb. 19, 1865
Robert R. Townes "   April 23,1863 Resigned Feb. 28, '65.
Capt. Sheridan Wait "   May 8, 1863 Resigned July 10, '63.
Jacob K. Muhleman "   Sept. 4, 1863 M. O. June 7, 1865
John Hay "   Jan. 12, 1864 M. O. April 8, 1867
John Hough "   July 2, 1864 M. O. Nov. 25, 1865
Capt. J. W. Barnes "   July 25, 1864 M. O. Jan. 4, 1866
Theodore Read "   July 25, 1864 Killed April 6, 1865
Amasa A. Dana "   Nov. 12, 1864 Resigned May 25, '65.
S. L. Woodward "   Feb. 11, 1865 M. O. Sept. 19, 1865
George K. Leet "   Feb. 25, 1865 Appointed in U.S.A.
Clarence H. Dyer "   Aug. 2, 1865 M. O. Feb. 10, 1866
Don Piatt Captain   June 28, 1861  
Simon M. Preston "   Aug. 5, 1861 Dismissed Sept. 23, '62
John A. Rawlins "   Aug. 30, 1861 Promoted
Clarence H. Dyer "   Sept. 25, 1862 "
Thomas J. Newsham "   Oct. 3, 1861 Resigned April 14, '62
Theodore Read "   Oct 24, 1861 Promoted
George D. Kellogg "   Nov. 15, 1861 Resigned June 3, '62.
Henry Dinmore "   Feb. 19, 1861 Dismissed Nov 27, '63
Francis A. Dallam " Brig. Gen. Richardson Mar. 24, 1862 Resigned Dec. 20, '62.
Henry W. Bowers " Brig. Gen. Woodbury. April 14, 1862 Disch. June 24, 1865.


Schedule E — Continued.
Appointed from Names. To date from Remarks.
Regiment. Rank.
21 Inf. Colonel Ulysses S. Grant May 17, 1861 Promoted
    Stephen A. Hurlbut " "
  Colonel Benj. M. Prentiss " "
    John A. McClernand " "
  Colonel Eleazer Paine Sept. 3, 1861 Resigned April 5, 1865
    Wm. A. Richardson " Declined
  Colonel John M. Schofield Nov. 21, 1861 Promoted
14 Inf. " John M. Palmer Dec. 20, 1861 "
3 Cav. " Eugene A. Carr Mar. 7, 1862 Mustered out Jan. 15, 1865
8 Inf. " Richard J. Oglesby Mar. 21, 1862 Promoted
7 Inf. " John Cook " Mustered out Aug. 24, 1865
11 Inf. " Wm. H. L. Wallace " Died of wounds, Apr. 10, 1862
12 Inf. " John McArthur " Mustered out Aug. 24, 1865
31 Inf. " John A. Logan " Promoted
27 Inf. " Napoleon B. Buford April 15, 1862 Mustered out Aug. 25, 1865
17 Inf. " Leonard B. Ross April 25, 1862 Resigned July 22, 1863
37 Inf. " Julius White June 9, 1862 Resigned Nov. 19, 1864
19 Inf. " John B. Turchin July 17, 1862 Resigned Oct. 4, 1864
10 Inf. " James D. Morgan " Promoted
33 Inf. " Charles E. Hovey Sept. 5, 1862 Not conf'm'd by U. S. Senate
35 Inf. " Gustavus A. Smith Sept. 19, 1862 Expired by const. lim. Mar. 4, 1863
29 Inf. " Mason Brayman Sept. 24, 1862 Mustered out Aug. 24, 1865
  " Alfred W. Ellet Nov. 1, 1862 Resigned Dec. 31, 1864
55 Inf. " David Stuart Nov. 29, 1862 Negatived by Senate
8 Cav. " John F. Farnsworth " Resigned March 4, 1863
    Wm. P. Carlin " Mustered out Aug. 24, 1865
18 Inf. " Michael K. Lawler " Promoted
34 Inf. " E. N. Kirk " Died at Chicago, July 29, 1863
45 Inf. " John E. Smith " Mustered out April 30, 1866
48 Inf. " Isham N. Haynie " Expired by const. lim. Mar. 4, 1863
1 Art " Joseph D. Webster " Promoted by brevet
94 Inf. " William W. Orme " Resigned April 26, 1864
11 Inf. " T. E. G. Ransom " Promoted by brevet
30 Inf. Lieut. Col. Elias S. Dennis " "
83 Inf. Colonel A. C. Harding Mar. 13, 1863 Resigned June 3, 1863
6 Cav. " Benj. H. Grierson June 3, 1863 Promoted
  " Wesley Merritt June 29, 1863 "
8 Cav. Captain E. J. Farnsworth " Killed at Gettysburg July 3, 1863
  " Giles A. Smith Aug. 4, 1863 Promoted
45 Inf. Colonel Jasper A. Maltby " Mustered out Jan. 15, 1866
  Major John A. Rawlins Aug. 11, 1863 Promoted
  " John W. Turner Sept. 7, 1863 Mustered out Sept., 1866
  " James H. Wilson Oct. 30, 1863 Promoted
12 Inf. Colonel Augustus L. Chetlain Dec. 18, 1863 Promoted by brevet
97 Inf. " Friend S. Rutherford June 27, 1861 Died at Alton, Ill., June 20, '64
  " Martin D. Hardin July 3, 1864 Mustered out Jan. 15, 1865
54 Inf. " Luther P. Bradley July 30, 1864 Resigned June 30, 1865
56 Inf. Bvt. Br'g Gen. Green B. Raum Feb. 15, 1865 Resigned May 6, 1865
2 Art Major Carlos J. Stolbrand Feb. 18, 1865 Mustered out Jan. 15, 1866
39 Inf. Bvt. Br'g Gen. Thomas O. Osburn May 1, 1865 Resigned Sept. 28, 1865
B'd Trade Battery Captain James H. Stokes July 20, 1865 Mustered out Aug. 24, 1865
8 Cav. Bvt. Br'g Gen. William Gamble Sept. 25, 1865 Mustered out March 1, 1866
88 Inf. " Francis T. Sherman July 21, 1865 Mustered out Jan. 15, 1866
92 Inf. Colonel Smith D. Atkins Jan. 12, 1865  
60 Inf. " W. B. Anderson Mar. 13, 1865  
142 Inf. " Rollin V. Ankney "  
1 Art. " Edward Bouton Feb. 28, 1865  
17 Cav. " John L. Beveridge Mar. 7, 1865  
75 Inf. " John E. Bennett April 6, 1865  
44 Inf. " W. W. Barrett Mar. 13, 1865  
123 Inf. " Jonathan Biggs "  
37 Inf. " Charles Black "  


Schedule E — Continued.
Appointed from Name. To date from. Remarks.
Regiment. Rank.
95 Inf. Colonel Leander Blandon Mar. 26, 1865  
153 Inf. " Stephen Bronson Sept. 28, 1865  
26 Inf. " Ira J. Bloomfield Mar. 13, 1865  
47 Inf. Lieut. Col. Edward Bonham "  
51 Inf. Captain Theodore F. Brown "  
18 Inf. Colonel Daniel H. Brush "  
76 Inf. " Samuel T. Busey April 9, 1865  
96 Inf. " Thomas E. Champion Feb. 20, 1865 Mustered out June 10, 1865.
129 Inf. " Henry Case Mar. 16, 1865  
8 Cav. " David R. Clendening July 11, 1865  
11 Inf. " James H. Coates Mar. 13, 1865  
14 Cav. " Horace Capron "  
3 Cav. " Robert H. Carnahan Oct. 28, 1865  
65 Inf. " Daniel Cameron Mar. 13, 1865  
51 Inf. " G. W. Cummings "  
2 Art. Brevet Col. William L. Duff "  
46 Inf. Colonel Benjamin Dornblaser Feb. 20, 1865 Promoted
105 Inf. " Daniel Dustin Mar. 16, 1865  
12 Cav. " Hasbrouck Davis Mar. 13, 1865  
85 Inf. " Caleb J. Dilworth "  
91 Inf. " Harry M. Day Mar. 26, 1865  
12 Cav. " Hamilton B. Dox May 29, 1866  
12 Inf. Lieut. Col. Arthur C. Ducat Mar. 13, 1865  
45 Inf. Colonel John O. Duer July 12, 1865  
105 Inf. Brevet Col. Everell F. Dutton Mar. 16, 1865  
127 Inf. Colonel H. N. Eldridge Mar. 13, 1865  
33 Inf. " Isaac H. Elliott "  
43 Inf. " Adolphus Engleman "  
13 Cav. " Albert Erskine "  
8 Cav. Major George A Forsyth "  
118 Inf. Colonel John G. Fonda June 28, 1865  
11 Cav. " Otto Funke Mar. 13, 1865  
59 Inf. Brevet Col. C. H. Frederick "  
8 Cav. Colonel William Gamble Dec. 14, 1864  
77 Inf. " David P. Grier Mar. 26, 1895  
95 Inf. " Thomas W. Humphrey June 18, 1864  
112 Inf. " Thomas J. Henderson Nov. 30, 1864  
14 Inf. " Cyrus Hall Mar. 13, 1865  
113 Inf. " George B. Hoge "  
58 Inf. " Robert W. Healy "  
89 Inf. " Charles T. Hotchkiss "  
1 Art. " Charles Houghtaling "  
124 Inf. " John H. Howe "  
12 Inf. Brevet Col. James R. Hugunin "  
29 Inf. Colonel Loren Kent Mar. 22, 1865  
98 Inf. " Edward Kitchell Mar. 13, 1865  
149 Inf. " William C. Kueffner "  
119 Inf. " Thomas J. Kinney Mar. 26, 1865  
75 Inf. Brevet Col. William M. Kilgour June 20, 1865  
114 Inf. " John F. King Mar. 13, 1865  
58 Inf. Colonel William F. Lynch Jan. 31, 1865  
33 Inf. " Charles E. Lippincott Feb. 17, 1865  
94 Inf. Brevet Col. R. G. Laughlin Mar. 13, 1865  
  Colonel Herman Lieb "  
23 Inf. " James A. Mulligan July 28, 1864  
111 Inf. " James S. Martin Feb. 28, 1865  
39 Inf. Lieut. Col. Orrin L. Mann Mar. 13, 1865  
5 Cav. Colonel John McConnell "  
64 Inf. " John Morrill "  
115 Inf. " Jesse H. Moore May 15, 1865  
31 Inf. " Edwin S. McCook Mar. 13, 1865  
54 Inf. " Greenville M. Mitchell Aug. 22, 1865  
2 Art. " Thomas S. Mather Sept. 28, 1865  
47 Inf. " David W. McGee Mar. 13, 1865  
94 Inf. " John McNulta "  
9 Inf. " Augustus Mersey "  
15 Inf. Brevet Col Adam Nase "  
4 Cav. Colonel E. D. Osband Oct. 5, 1864  
39 Inf. " Thomas O. Osborn Mar. 10, 1865 Promoted
59 Inf. " P. Sidney Post Dec. 16, 1864  
41 Inf. " Isaac C. Pugh Mar. 10, 1865  
9 Inf. Brevet Col. Jesse J. Phillips Mar. 13, 1865  
31 Inf. Colonel Robert N. Pearson "  
13 Inf. Brevet Col. F. W. Partridge "  
37 Inf. " Eugene B. Payne "  


Schedule E. — Continued.
Name. Rank. For. Date of appointment. Remarks.
Benjamin F. Smith Captain Brig. Gen. Cook April 21, 1862 Resigned Sept. 5, '62.
Sheridan Wait " Brig. Gen. Oglesby "  
Lieut. R. R. Townes " Brig. Gen. Logan May 1, 1862 Promoted
Lieut. J. B. Dickson " Brig. Gen. McArthur " M. O. June 24, 1865
John Boyle " Brig. Gen. Boyle May 16, 1862 Resigned Aug. 20, '62
Sergt. Maj. F. W. Fox. " Brig. Gen. Veatch June 9, 1862 Resigned July 31, '65.
Henry Curtis, Jr. " Brig. Gen. J. White July 17, 1862 Resigned Feb. 10, '65.
William B. Curtis " Brig. Gen. Turchin Oct. 1, 1862 Resigned Feb. 3, '64
Benj. F. Smith "   Oct. 10, 1862 M. O. Nov. 22, '65
Warren D. Crandall "   Nov. 5, 1862 Resigned Dec. 6, '64
Lieut. J. R. Muhleman "   Dec. 23,1862 Promoted
Milton S. Kimball "   " Resigned Sept. 1, '63.
Lieut. T. Wiseman "   Feb. 27, 1863 M. O. Sept, 19,1865
Lieut. W. Bedford "   Mar. 11, 1863 Resigned Feb. 18, '65.
Lieut. P. Payne "   " Resigned Jan. 11, '65.
Lieut. R. P. McKnight. "   " Resigned Feb. 25, '64
Capt. W. H. Bailhache "   " M. O. Nov. 25, 1865
Thomas C. Meatyard "   Mar. 30, 1863 M. O. Oct. 13, 1865
Lieut. Cyrus E. Dickey "   May 1, 1863 Died April 8, 1864
Lieut. Bluford Wilson. "   May 6, 1863 Resigned July 19, '65.
Lieut. John Hough "   May 15, 1863 Promoted
Lieut. Hudson Burr "   May 25, 1863 Resigned Sept. 3, '64.
Lieut. Lewis H. Everts "   June 1, 1863 M. O. Sept. 19, 1865
Lieut. S. L. Woodward "   July 21, 1863 Pro. Maj. and A. A. G.
Rowland Cox "   Sept. 19, 1863  
Pvt. G. K. Leet "   Oct. 3, 1863 Promoted
Lieut. J. W. Miller "   Oct. 9, 1863 M. O. April 1, 1865
Horace H. Thomas "   Nov. 12, 1863  
Lieut. J. W. Barnes "   Nov. 25, 1863  
A. C. McClurg "   Feb. 20, 1864 M. O. Sept. 19, 1865
Capt. E. T. Wells "   " M. O. June 7, 1865
Lieut. Martin Norton "   " M. O. July 1, 1866
Lieut. Amasa A. Dana. "   April 20, 1864 Promoted
Robert G. Curtis "   "  
Capt. R. Adams, Jr. "   May 18, 1864 M. O. Jan. 4, 1866
Lieut. W. R. Thomas "   " Resigned May 12, '65.
Serg't H. N. Wheeler "   June 7, 1864 M. O. Sept. 19, 1865
George Monroe "   Sept. 30, 1864 Resigned June 26, '65
Frank Adams "   Oct. 20, 1864  
Lieut. E. B. Harlan "   Nov. 12, 1864 M. O. Sept. 1, 1866
Lieut. Wm. E. Kuhn "   " Resigned June 21, '65
Pvt. Henry D. Beam "   Feb. 9, 1865 M. O. Sept. 19, 1865
Robert T. Lincoln "   Feb. 11, 1865 Resigned June 10, '65
Name. Rank. Date of appointment. Remarks.
Theodore S. Bowers Major Feb. 19, 1863 Promoted
Wells H. Blodgett " Mar. 10, 1863 Appointment expired July 14, 1863
Joseph W. Freed Major Aug. 3, 1861 Resigned Oct. 2, 1861
J. V. Z. Blaney " " Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865
Thomas Sim " " Mustered out Mar. 3, 1866
J. H. Ranch " " Mustered out July 14, 1865
S. R. Haven " " Resigned Mar. 9, 1863
Wm. Varian " Sept. 4, 1861 Mustered out Aug. 5, 1865
Orlando M. Bryan " " Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865
Tarrant A. Perkins " " Resigned Mar. 24, 1862
George W. Stipp " Sept. 21, 1861 Promoted Lieut. Col. and Med. Insp. Mar. 12, 1863; mustered out Oct. 31, 1865.
W. M. Chambers " Oct. 4, 1861 Resigned May 12, 1865
Robert Roskoton " Oct. 12, 1861 Resigned July 25, 1862.


Schedule E. — Continued.
Name Rank. Date of appointment. Remarks.
Robert Niccolls Major Oct. 24, 1861 Mustered out Aug. 5, 1865
James H. Faris " Oct. 30, 1861 Resigned June 30, 1862
Gaylord D. Beebe " Dec. 24, 1861 Resigned Mar. 9, 1863
Horace Wardner " Apr. 4, 1862 Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865
Brockholst M. McNickar " " Resigned May 14, 1862
Samuel M. Hamilton " " Resigned Sept. 19, 1863
George T. Allen " " Promoted Lieut. Col. and Med. Insp. June 14, 1862; mustered out Oct. 31, 1865.
Masse K. Taylor " Aug. 8, 1862 Mustered out Oct. 12, 1865
Henry J. Churchman " Oct. 4, 1862 Mustered out July 15, 1865
Barton Darrach " " Died July 19, 1863
James C. Whitehill " Nov. 7, 1862 Mustered out Sept. 10, 1865
Conrad C. Dumreicher " May 27, 1863 " July 27, 1865
John L. Teed " June 29, 1863 " Oct. 7, 1865
Henry Eversman " Mar. 30, 1864 " July 12, 1865
Elijah A. Clark " June 30, 1864 Dismissed April 28, 1865
John C. Norton   " Mustered out Dec. 13, 1865
Henry W. Davis " Aug. 30, 1864 " July 27, 1865
Benj. Durham " " " Feb. 21, 1866
Daniel Stahl " Jan. 13, 1865 " Oct. 13, 1865
Joseph B. Cutts " Mar. 18, 1865 " Oct. 12, 1865
Joseph H. Ledlie " Apr. 8, 1865 " Oct. 7, 1865
Conrad C. Dumreicher Captain Sept. 11, 1861 Promoted Surgeon
John L. Teed " June 4, 1863 " "
John C. Norton " Sept. 9, 1863 " "
Henry Eversman " Oct. 13, 1863 " "
Benj. Durham " May 18, 1864 " "
Joseph H. Ledlie " " " "
Milton B. Cochran " " " "
Elijah A. Clark " " " "
Henry W. Davis " " " "
Joseph B. Cutts " June 30, 1864 " "
Erastus W. Mills " July 2, 1864 Mustered out July 8, 1865
John Fetzer " July 5, 1864 Resigned Dec. 7, 1864
Daniel Stahl " Sept. 20, 1864 Promoted Surgeon
R. M. Lackey " Oct. 11, 1864 Mustered out Nov. 26, 1865
John H. Frezell " Jan. 9, 1865 Aug. 5, 1865
William S. Wallace Major May 15, 1861  
Joseph H. Eaton " June 1, 1861 Appointed Major and P. M., U. S. A.
John H. Kinzie " " Died June 22, 1865
Robert Smith " " Resigned April 9, 1865
Nathaniel G. Wilcox " Aug. 5, 1861 " Feb. 21, 1863
Robert L. Wilson " " Mustered out Nov. 15, 1865
Richard O. Warriner " " " Dec. 17, 1862
Thamas McKibben " " Resigned July 31, 1862
Charles S. Hempstead " " " Sept. 17,1863
George Phelps " " Mustered out Dec. 1, 1865
Henry C. Whiting " Aug. 6, 1861 Resigned March 13, 1865
Nicholas Vedder " Sept. 5, 1861 Appointed Major and P. M., U. S. A.
William Larned " " Died July 24, 1864
Henry V. Sullivan " " Resigned Feb. 8, 1865
Daniel McCook " Mar. 24, 1862 Died July 21, 1863, of wounds
Wm. S. Pope " June 30, 1862 Mustered out Feb. 15, 1866
Jesse W. Fell " " Resigned Jan. 26, 1863
George W. Burns " " " March 18, 1864
Augustus H. Boyden " Nov. 20, 1862 " May 26, 1865
Edwin Beecher " Nov. 26, 1862 Mustered out March 1, 1864
Josiah Gale " " Appointment revoked April 28, 1863
Miles S. Hensy   " Resigned May 19, 1865
James C. Holbrook   " Mustered out Nov. 15, 1865
Charles Newcomer   " " Oct. 19, 1865
Richard H. Whiting   " " April 15, 1866


Schedule E — Continued.
Name. Rank. Date of appointment. Remarks.
William E. Norris   Nov. 29, 1862 Resigned March 9, 1865
Anson Sperry   Feb. 19, 1863 Mustered out Dec. 1, 1865
Ferdinand Hinckley   " Resigned Aug. 25, 1864
N. M. Knapp   " Mustered out Jan. 15, 1866
William H. McAllister   " " "
Edmond Gifford   " " Nov. 15, 1865
J. H. Mayborn   " " Dec. 1, 1865
Charles H. Simpson   Mar. 11, 1863 Resigned Aug. 5, 1863
Josiah Tilden   May 27, 1863 Mustered out April 15, 1866
David T. Dixon   Oct. 3, 1863 " "
Elias Cosper   Nov.18, 1863 Resigned March 29, 1865
George W. Candee   Feb. 23, 1861 Mustered out Jan. 15, 1866
George A. Hamilton   "  
James H. Lea   " Resigned May 11, 1864
Abraham Beeler   Mar. 18, 1864 Died Oct. 28, 1864; wounds
Charles S. Moore Major " Mustered out Dec. 1, 1865
Frank L. Hays " April 7, 1864 Resigned Jan. 14, 1865
E. W. McClaughry " April 20, 1864 Mustered out Oct. 12, 1865
George M. McConnell " " July 31, 1865
Charles C. Browne " " Resigned April 25, 1865
Francis M. Smith " June 30, 1864 Mustered out Nov. 15, 1865
Philip Filer " Sept. 14, 1864 " Dec. 1, 1865
Morris B. Brown " Jan. 23, 1865 " July 31, 1865
Reuben B. Hatch Captain Aug. 3, 1861 Mustered out July 28, 1865
J. W. Shaffer " " Resigned Aug. 26, 1864
Henry S. Fitch " " " Jan. 11, 1865
James Dunlap " Aug. 8, 1861 " Jan. 11, 1864
J. R. Hollowbush " Sept. 10, 1861 " April 26, 1864
George A. Flag " " Mustered out May 19, 1866
Simon B. Brown " Sept. 21, 1861 " March 20, 1865
William H. Bailhache " Sept. 28, 1861 Resigned June 5, 1865
William A. Hawley " Oct. 31, 1861 Died Dec. 24, 1863
George R. Dyer " " Resigned March 19, 1864
William Painter " "  
S. Lockwood Brown " " Mustered out April 1, 1867
Algernon S. Baxter " Nov. 23, 1861 Resigned April 27, 1862
Newton Flagg " Feb. 3, 1862 Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865
Peter Heistand " Feb. 19, 1862 " March 31, 1866
Austin C. Woolfolk " "  
Greenberry L. Fort " Mar. 14, 1862 Mustered out March 20, 1866
John C. Smith " Apr. 1, 1862 Resigned June 30, 1864
J. H. McKay " Apr. 14, 1862 " Dec. 31, 1863
Lyne S. Metcalf " " Mustered out June 4, 1866
George Ely " May 12, 1862 Resigned March 1, 1864
George Q. White " " " March 11, 1865
Lieut. Henry Howland " June 9, 1862 Mustered out Jan. 19, 1867
Henry J. Latshaw " " Cashiered Nov. 16, 1863
Lieut. Wm. G. Pinckard " June 30, 1862 Killed in Virginia Feb. 14, 1864
A. J. Allen " " Resigned June 3, 1864
Wm. Goldie " " Mustered out Nov. 20, 1865
Byron O. Carr " Sept. 29, 1862 " July 20, 1865
Levin W. Shepherd " Oct. 3, 1862 " Oct. 7, 1865
John H. Wickizer " Nov. 4, 1862 " July 28, 1865
William B. Armstrong " Nov. 26, 1862 " Aug. 16, 1867
William Busbyshell " " Resigned Aug. 10, 1863
John B. Coltod " " " Nov. 17, 1863
Theodore T. Dwight " " Mustered out Nov. 8, 1865
Benjamin J. T. Hana " " " Jan. 8, 1866
Uri Manly " " Died Nov. 11, 1864
James P. Low " " Mustered out July 17, 1867
Arthur G. Burr " " Expired by const. lim. March 4, 1863
James Galt " Nov. 28, 1862 Mustered out June 6, 1865
John Stewart " Feb. 19, 1863 " Jan. 8, 1866
John Field " " " Oct. 18, 1864
Arthur G. Burr " Mar. 4, 1863 " Oct. 31, 1865
LeGrand W. Perce " Mar. 10, 1863 " Aug. 4, 1865
Richard T. Gill " Mar. 13, 1863 Resigned Aug. 1, 1863
Holmes Hodge " " Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865


Schedule E — Continued.
Name. Rank. Date of appointment. Remarks.
George V. Rutherford Captain Apr. 2, 1863 Mustered out Nov. 10, 1866
Francis Fuller " Apr. 21, 1863 Resigned July 26, 1864
James R. Hosmer " May 12, 1863 " Dec. 13, 1864
Francis H. Ruger " May 27, 1863 Died June 28, 1865
James Campbell " June 22, 1863 Mustered out Sept. 10, 1866
Henry T. Noble " July 8, 1863 " Oct. 5, 1866
John L. Routt " July 28, 1863 " Sept. 20, 1865
Walter C. Hurlbut " July 31, 1863 Resigned May 6, 1864
John E. Remington " Oct. 13, 1863 Mustered out March 13, 1865
W. L. Gross " Oct. 27, 1863 " July 1, 1866
J. C. VanDuzer " " " June 5, 1866
L. F. Sheldon " " Resigned Nov. 3, 1864
James T. Hoyt " Nov. 17, 1863 Appointed A. Q. M., U. S. A.
Jonah Morlan " Dec. 5, 1863 Resigned June 5, 1865
Austin C. Woolfolk " " Appointed Captain A. Q. M., U. S. A.
Charles H. Deane " " Negatived by Senate and since app'ted
C. F. Emery " " Mustered out Sept. 20, 1865
Benjamin Burton " " " March 31, 1866
James C. Mane " Feb. 29, 1864 " Dec. 8, 1866
George F. W. Willey " " " Oct. 7, 1865
Ira C. Barbour " " Resigned March 19, 1865
Lieut. Rob't W. Witherell " " Mustered out July 7, 1865
Isaac N. Buck " " " Sept. 20, 1865
Alexander McIntosh " " " April 20, 1866
Elisha L. Wadsworth " Mar. 18, 1864 " Sept. 20, 1865
Chase H. Dickinson " " " June 27, 1866
Walter S. Robinson " " Dismissed July 30, 1864
Henry C. Laurence " Apr. 7, 1864 Promoted June 8, 1866
Edwin J. Farnham " Apr. 21, 1864 " May 19, 1865
Lieut. Geo. W. Marshall " May 18, 1864 " July 17, 1867
Frank C. Butze " " " Sept. 20, 1865
James L. VanPatten " " " Nov. 3, 1865
Lt. Laurence J. J. Nisson " June 25, 1864 " Nov. 27, 1865
William H. Wendell " " " Nov. 8, 1865
Lieut. William Currie " June 30, 1864 " April 7, 1866
James O. Churchill " " " Sept. 15, 1864
Alonzo Eaton " " Mustered out Oct. 30, 1865
Charles H. Deane " July 2, 1864 Promoted April 20, 1866
Samuel Avis " " " Oct. 7, 1865
R. C. Rutherford " Dec. 20, 1864 " Aug. 1, 1867
Samuel D. Childs " Jan. 24, 1865 " July 30, 1866
Thomas T. P. Crandon " Feb. 6, 1865 Mustered out July 10, 1866
Wm. H. Barlow " Feb. 9, 1865 " Nov. 3, 1866
Lieut. John C. Grierson " Feb. 11, 1865 Promoted May 9, 1868
David McKinney " Mar. 5, 1865 Mustered out Oct. 7, 1865
Edward P. Taylor " Mar. 8, 1865 Promoted Dec. 8, 1865
Lieut. Gilbert C. Morton " Apr. 7, 1865 Canceled Sept. 30, 1865
Wm. Butterfield Captain Aug. 5, 1861 Resigned Dec. 3, 1864
John C. Cox " " " June 27, 1864
Ninian W. Edwards " Aug. 8, 1861 " June 22, 1865
George S. Roper " Sept. 9, 1861 Mustered out Jan. 27, 1866
George W. Campbell " " " Sept. 10, 1866
John Spicer " Sept. 10, 1861 Dismissed Aug. 16, 1862
Spencer C. Benham " Oct. 31, 1861 Mustered out Oct. 9, 1865
Richard E. Davies " Nov. 23, 1861 " Oct. 26, 1865
John A. King " Feb. 3, 1862 " July 7, 1865
Joseph B. Gilpin " Apr. 14, 1862 " March 13, 1866
Daniel P. Allen " Apr. 21, 1862 " Oct. 9, 1865
Friend S. Rutherford " June 30, 1862 Resigned Sept. 2, 1862
Marcus P. Breckenridge " Sept. 2, 1862 Mustered out Jan. 10, 1866
Charles A. Morton " Sept. 10, 1862 Resigned June 14, 1865
Frederick G. Hentig " Nov. 7, 1862 Mustered out Aug. 22, 1865
Asa D. Baker " Nov. 18, 1862 Resigned March 12, 1864
Frank J. Crawford " Nov. 20, 1862 Mustered out June 21, 1865
Charles B. Wells " " Resigned July 14, 1865
Othello J. Flagg " Nov. 26, 1862 Mustered out Jan. 1, 1867
John Fouke " " Revoked July 9, 1864
John E. Howard " " Mustered out Aug. 22, 1865
R. C. Rutherford " " Appointed A. Q. M. Vol., Dec. 20, 1864


Schedule E — Continued.
Name. Rank. Date of appointment. Remarks.
Joseph F. Wilson Captain Nov. 26, 1862 Resigned Jan. 24, 1865
James O. P. Burnside " Nov. 29, 1862 " Nov. 20, 1863
Emil Marthell " Feb. 19, 1863 Mustered out July 31, 1865
Thomas Challoner " " " July 19, 1865
Jasper Johnson " " " July 14, 1865
George P. Jacobs " " " "
Charles Fouke " Mar. 10, 1863 " Dec. 19, 1865
Charles H. Maple " Mar. 11, 1863 " Aug. 18, 1865
Edwin T. Bridges " Mar. 17, 1863 " July 31, 1866
George R. Weber " June 22, 1863 Resigned June 10, 1865
Edward L. Gooding " Aug. 22, 1863 " June 15, 1865
John R. Thompson " Nov. 2, 1863 Mustered out July 27, 1866
George J. Trumbull " Mar. 2, 1864 " Aug. 21, 1866
Lieut. James W. Davis " " " Oct. 9, 1865
Lieut. Stephen Jeffers " " " Jan. 10, 1866
Sylvester A. Ballou " " " April 20, 1866
Woodbury M. Taylor " Mar. 18, 1864 " Feb. 21, 1866
Lockwood M. Todd " Mar. 25, 1864 " July 15, 1865
Philo P. Judson " Apr. 20, 1864 Resigned May 7, 1865
Lieut. William A. McLean " May 18, 1864 Mustered out July 14, 1865
Lieut. Robert Pattison " " " Oct. 9, 1865
Capt. Alex. M. Wilson " May 28, 1864 " July 8, 1865
Logan H. Roots " " " May 31, 1866
Jonathan R. Webber " July 2, 1864 " July 14, 1865
Joseph L. Coburn " July 22, 1864 " Nov. 22, 1865
Lieut. Wm. C. B. Gillespie " Sept. 6, 1864 " July 14, 1865
A. Judson Pinkham " Oct. 3, 1864 " July 13, 1866
William H. Copp " Jan. 21, 1865 Canceled Sept. 23, 1865
Edwin Harlan " Jan. 25, 1865 Mustered out Oct. 9, 1865
N. S. McKean " Jan. 26, 1865 " Aug. 18, 1865
Orla C. Richardson " Mar. 2, 1865 " July 20, 1865
Charles F. Lynn " Mar. 7, 1865 " Aug. 14, 1865
Henry E. Rives " Mar. 9, 1865 " Oct. 11, 1865
Evans Blake " " " Aug. 14, 1866
Robert T. Lincoln " Mar. 11, 1865 Resigned May 12, 1865
Gustavus A. Dana Captain Mar. 3, 1863 Resigned Sept. 21, 1864
Wm. F. Warren 1st Lieut. " " May 29, 1865
George W. Bailey " " " June 21, 1865
Wm. Ware " " Mustered out Sept. 1, 1865
Clifford Stickney " " Appointed Major and A. A. General, Aug. 7, 1865. Mustered out Oct. 5, 1866
Wm. Quinton " " Mustered out May 1, 1866
Thomas B. Kelley " " " Aug. 22, 1865
Horatio Foote Captain June 4, 1862 Mustered out July 12, 1865
Ezekiel Folsom " " " Aug. 21, 1865
Stephen S. Morrill " June 5, 1862 Resigned March 13, 1865
James B. Merwin " June 13, 1862 Mustered out Aug. 21, 1865
Edmund B. Tuttle " June 23, 1862 " Nov. 20, 1865
James I. Ferree " July 14, 1862 " March 13, 1866
Sterling Y. McMasters " July 16, 1862 Resigned March 25, 1863
Francis A. McNeill " July 18, 1862 Mustered out Aug. 4, 1865
Wm. F. Nelson " Aug. 8, 1862 " July 11, 1865
Simeon P. Ives " Aug. 9, 1862 Appointment expired March 4, 1863. Re-appointed Apr. 22, 1863. M.O. Aug. 4, 1865
Samuel H. Emery " Jan. 10, 1863 Mustered out June 24, 1865
Samuel T. Carpenter " " Died Dec. 26, 1864
Z. K. Hawley " Feb. 2, 1863 Mustered out Sept. 23, 1865
John Vahey " Nov. 2, 1863 Resigned June 30, 1864
Alex. D. Lackey " Mar. 18, 1864 Dismissed June 2, 1865
James Fitzgibbon " " Mustered out Aug. 17, 1865
Jacob S. Chamberlaine " Nov. 29, 1864 " Aug. 4, 1865
Simeon W. Harkey " Jan. 17, 1865 " "
Joseph H. Leonard " Feb. 10, 1865 " July 11, 1865
Patrick J. R. Murphy " Feb. 27, 1865 " Aug. 21, 1865


Name. Rank. For. Date of appointment. Remarks.
Gustavus Koerner Colonel Maj. Gen. Fremont Sept. 28, 1861 Declined. Re-appointed Feb. 10, 1862
James B. Fry "   Nov. 14, 1861 Promoted
John Wilson Shaffer " Maj. Gen. McClellan Jan. 30, 1862 Assigned to duty with Maj. Gen. Hooker. Resigned Aug. 26, 1864
Clark B. Lagow " Maj. Gen. Halleck May 3, 1862 Assigned to duty with Maj. Gen. Grant. Resigned Dec. 12, 1863
Wm. Painter Major   June 16, 1862 Resigned Sept. 14, 1862
Capt. Speed Butler " Maj. Gen. Wool June 30, 1862 Assigned to duty with Maj. Gen. Pope. Resigned Aug. 22, 1864
Addison S. Norton " Maj. Gen. Halleck May 1, 1862 Assigned to duty with Maj. Gen. McClernand. Resigned Oct. 15, 1864
Silas Ramsay " Maj. Gen. Wool June 12, 1862 Assigned to duty with Maj. Gen. McClernand. M. O. Oct. 20, 1866
Bushrod Burch " Maj. Gen. Mitchell Sept. 3, 1862  
George G. Lyon "   Oct. 24, 1862 Discharged Aug. 15, 1863
Wm. R. Rawley "   Nov. 1, 1862 Resigned Aug. 30, 1864
Theo. T. Bowers "   " Appointed Major and Judge Advocate
Edward Wright " Maj. Gen. Hunter Nov. 8, 1862 Discharged Aug. 15, 1864
Louis M. Buford "   Mar. 11, 1863 Resigned Dec. 17, 1864
Capt. D. J. Benner " Maj. Gen. Hurlbut Mar. 13, 1863 Mustered out June 17, 1865
Lieut. L. S. Willard " Maj. Gen. McPherson April 18, 1863 Resigned Aug. 9, 1864
John R. Hotaling "   Feb. 29, 1864 Resigned Feb. 10, 1865
Charles T. Scammon " Maj. Gen. Steele June 7, 1864 Mustered out Sept. 8, 1865
John S. Hoover "   Mar. 13, 1865 Mustered out Sept. 6, 1865
Joseph Kirkland Captain Maj. Gen. McClellan Aug. 26, 1861 Resigned Jan. 7, 1863
Volney Hickox " " Jan. 29, 1862 Assigned to duty with Hon. J. H. Lane. Discharged March 21, 1862
William Kyle " " " Assigned to duty with Hon. J. H. Lane. Discharged March 21, 1862
James M. Rice " " Jan. 30, 1862 Assigned to duty with Hon. J. H. Lane. Discharged March 21, 1862
Wm. R. Rowley " " Feb. 26, 1862 Assigned to duty with Maj. Gen. Grant. Promoted Major and A. D. C.
William R. Dole " " Mar. 18, 1862 Assigned to duty with Maj. Gen. Hunter. Discharged July 18, 1863
James M. Rice " " April 5, 1862 Assigned to duty with Maj. Gen. Hunter. Mustered out Aug. 23, 1862
Volney Hickox " Maj. Gen. Fremont April 14, 1862 Assigned to duty with Maj. Gen. Hunter. Discharged June 1, 1864
George G. Lyon "   June 2, 1862 Promoted
Henry C. Freeman "   June 6, 1862 Resigned Dec 18, 1863
George P. Edgar " Maj. Gen. Wool July 10, 1862 Assigned to duty with Maj. Gen. Wallace. Resigned April 23, 1864
Arthur M. Kinzie " Maj. Gen. Hunter Nov. 8, 1862 Discharged Aug. 15, 1863
Alexander Moore " Maj. Gen. Hooker Nov. 10, 1862 Term expired March 4, 1863
Lieut. George G. Knox " Maj. Gen. Chittenden Mar. 11, 1863 Resigned Dec. 17, 1864
2d Lieut. O. H. Ross " Maj. Gen. Grant " Resigned Sept. 7, 1864
Martin K. Cook " Maj. Gen. Hurlbut Mar. 13, 1863 Mustered out June 10, 1865
Lieut. David H. Gile " Maj. Gen. McPherson April 18, 1863 Resigned Nov. 1, 1864
Lieut. Geo. H. Steele " " " Mustered out Nov. 22, 1865
Alexander Moore " Maj. Gen. Sickles May 30, 1863 Mustered out Sept. 26, 1866


Schedule E. — Concluded.
Name. Rank. For. Date of appointment. Remarks.
Lieut. D. C. Moore Captain Maj. Gen. Logan Feb. 29, 1864 Canceled Aug. 19, 1865
Lieut. John S. Hoover " " " Appointed Major and A. D. C.
2d Lieut. Henry Jayne " Maj. Gen. McClernand Mar. 25, 1864 Resigned Jan. 9, 1865
Lieut. J. C. Webber " Maj. Gen. Steele June 7, 1864 Mustered out March 27, 1865
Capt. Ed. H. Twining " 19th Army Corps June 30, 1864 Resigned Aug. 30, 1865
2d Lieut. Ed. Jones " Department of Missouri Feb. 2, 1865 Mustered out Jan. 12, 1866
Lieut. L. B. Mitchell " 15th Army Corps Feb. 17, 1865 Mustered out Sept. 6, 1865



Showing the Number of One Hundred Day Organizations from Illinois, with name of commanding officer, date and place of muster, strength and date of departure for the field.

No. Reg't. Commanding Officer. Date of muster. Place of muster. Str'ngth Departure for field.
132 Col. Thomas C. Pickett June 1, 1864 Camp Fry 853 June 6, 1864
133 " Thaddeus Phillips May 31, 1864 Camp Butler 851 June 3, 1864
134 " Waters W. McChesney " Camp Fry 878 "
135 " John S. Wolfe June 6, 1864 Mattoon 852 June 10, 1864
136 " Frederick A. Johns June 1, 1864 Centralia 842 June 5, 1864
137 " John Wood June 5, 1864 Quincy 849 June 9, 1864
138 " John W. Goodwin June 21, 1864 " 835 June 26, 1864
139 " Peter Davidson June 1, 1864 Peoria 878 June 8, 1864
140 " Lorenzo H. Whitney June 18, 1864 Camp Butler 871 June 22, 1864
141 " Stephen Bronson June 16, 1864 Elgin 842 June 27, 1864
142 " Rollin V. Ankney June 18, 1864 Camp Butler 851 June 21, 1864
143 " Dudley C. Smith June 11, 1864 Mattoon 865 June 16, 1864
145 " George W. Lackey June 9, 1864 Camp Butler 880 June 12, 1864
Battalion. Capt. John Curtis June 21, 1864 " 91 June 25, 1864
" " Simon J. Stookey " " 90 "
  Total     11,328  

SPRINGFIELD, April 26, 1864.

General Orders No. 5.
I. In response to a call of the President of the United States, dated the — instant, twenty thousand volunteers from this State will be accepted for Government service for one hundred days, provided they are offered within twenty days from this date. The exigencies of the public service require the greatest activity in the organization of these forces, and it is confidently expected that the unrivaled fame which our State enjoys will not be lessened by the indifference or inactivity of our people in meeting this pressing call of the Government.

II. It is earnestly recommended that officers of militia companies immediately open recruiting offices, and, so far as possible, fill up, enlist and reorganize their companies upon the basis prescribed by the War Department for volunteer companies, to-wit: One Captain, one First Lieutenant, one Second Lieutenant, one First Sergeant, four Sergeants, eight Corporals, two Musicians, one Wagoner, and not less than sixty-four, nor more than eighty-two privates.

III. These forces, when mustered into service, will be clothed, subsisted, armed and paid by the United States Government. For their convenience, and to facilitate their prompt organization, they will temporarily rendezvous at the following places, where Government barracks are already prepared for their reception: Camp Fry, Chicago; Camp Butler, Springfield; Ottawa, Mattoon, Centralia, Dixon, Joliet, Quincy.

Mustering officers will be assigned to duty at these camps, who will muster, subsist, arm and clothe recruits on their arrival, and as soon as a sufficient number of companies arrive, they will select their company officers and be organized into regiments, and field, staff and line officers commissioned by the Governor; and in making appointment of field and staff officers, regard will be had to the qualification of the applicant, and the services rendered in recruiting such regiment.

By order of his Excellency, Governor Yates.
Adjutant General.

SPRINGFIELD, May 6, 1861.

General Orders No. 9.
To avoid the delay of correspondence with persons in different parts of the State in relation to recruiting one hundred day men under the late call, and to promptly meet the Pressing emergencies of the public service, the following regulations are published for general information:

I. No special authority will hereafter be issued to persons to recruit, but all recruits which shall be enlisted and all companies organized by the 15th instant and ready to receive marching orders will be accepted. Enlistments will be made in duplicate on blank enlistment papers, which will be furnished on application to this office. Enlistment blanks will also be furnished for distribution to officers assigned to duty at the different camps of rendezvous in this State.


II. These troops will rendezvous at the following places: Camp Butler, Springfield; Camp Fry, Chicago; Dixon, Ottawa, Peoria, Quincy, Rock Island, Mattoon and Centralia, and in case of absolute necessity, at other places to be hereafter designated. But as there are now in the State government barracks sufficient to accommodate twenty thousand men, the general Government declines to erect any more barracks.

III. Transportation will be furnished and supplies issued by Federal officers on duty at the above camps of rendezvous. They will soon be ready to furnish these supplies, and by the 9th or 10th instant it is believed they will be prepared to accommodate all.

As these supplies must first be provided at these camps, no companies will move to camp without orders, and all recruiting officers are urged in all possible cases to fill up their companies before asking for transportation. Compliance with this request will avoid confusion. As soon as a company is full, or whenever an officer has stopped recruiting, application may be made to the undersigned for marching orders and transportation, and as soon as possible transportation will be procured and orders issued.

IV. All company officers which are elected will be commissioned unless some good reason is known to the contrary. Field and staff officers will be commissioned by the Governor, but in determining who shall be commissioned, regard will be had to the qualifications of the applicant and the services rendered by him in recruiting for the regiment. No appointments will be made of field officers until the regiments are full and mustered, and in the meantime no application for these positions will be considered.

V. On account of the great pressure of business upon this department, it will be impossible, for a few days, to answer all communications relating to the organization of these troops, and it is hoped that the above information will be sufficient.

By order of his Excellency, Governor Yates.
Adjutant General, Illinois.



[This list of soldiers who died in the rebel prison at Andersonville, Ga., is made up from the Report of Quartermaster General Meigs, of the U. S. A., and the list furnished the Adjutant General by Sergeant Major John H. Goldsmith, of the 14th regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry, who was among the few who escaped from the prison alive.]

No. of grave. Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
6,774 Aas, Paul J. Private D 89 Inf. Aug. 25, 1864
8,402 Adams, W. V. Sergeant I 127 Inf. Sept. 11, 1864
12,430 Adder, W. Private C 30 Inf. Jan. 11, 1865
3,840 Adlet, John " K 119 Inf. July 23, 1864
8,249 Adrain, F. " E 9 Cav. Sept. 9, 1864
5,876 Akers, Clarkson Corporal F 78 Inf. Aug. 16, 1864
5,381 Albany, D. Private D 22 Inf. Sept. 10, 1864
1,264 Aldrich, Andrew " L 16 Cav. May 21, 1864
8,127 Alexander, R. " B 123 Inf. Sept. 8, 1864
10,762 Alf, H. " A 89 Inf. Oct. 12, 1864
1,423 Allen, R. C. " I 78 Inf. May 28, 1864
2,400 Allison, L. F. " B 21 Inf. June 24, 1864
11,777 Alward, A. " G 23 Inf. Nov. 3, 1864
10,242 Anderson, A. " E 98 Inf. Oct. 3, 1864
6,710 Anderson, Thomas " K 19 Inf. Aug. 24, 1864
9,946 Anderson, W. " C 89 Inf. Sept. 28, 1864
10,271 Anthony, E. " E 3 Cav. Oct. 3, 1864
7,339 Armstrong, Robert " A 89 Inf. Aug. 30, 1864
12,792 Arnold, L. C. " I 137 Inf. Mar. 18, 1865
10,979 Atkins, E. " C 36 Inf. Oct. 15, 1864
9,733 Atkinson, John " D 14 Cav. Sept. 25, 1864
3,381 Atterbury, David " D 122 Inf. Sept. 10, 1864
8,046 Augustine, J. " I 100 Inf. Sept. 6, 1864
3,709 Babbitt, John Private K 7 Inf. July 21, 1864
2,598 Babcock, Floyd Corporal G 44 Inf. June 28, 1864
5,848 Baber, C. F. " I 112 Inf. Aug. 16, 1864
2,890 Bagley, J. E. Private D 21 Inf. July 4, 1864
3,603 Bailey, Frank " K 16 Cav. July 19, 1864
3,783 Bailey, Henry P. Sergeant B 38 Inf. July 22, 1864
12,530 Baker, J. Private H 125 Inf. Jan. 26, 1865
2,892 Baker, John C. " B 89 Inf. July 4, 1864
3,308 Baker, Thomas J. " M 16 Cav. July 14, 1864
3,829 Barclay, P. " I 42 Inf. July 23, 1864
5,457 Bardes, George " A 89 Inf. Aug. 12, 1864
10,480 Barnes, Thomas " F 135 Inf. Oct. 7, 1864
8,458 Barnett, J. " I 120 Inf. Sept. 11, 1864
526 Barr, W. B. " E 112 Inf. Apr. 13, 1864
8,763 Barrett, A. Corporal D 25 Inf. Sept. 14, 1864
12,681 Bass, J. Private C 2 Cav. Feb. 22, 1865
977 Basting, Conrad " B 47 Inf. May 9, 1864
4,618 Batdorf, M. " H 93 Inf. Aug. 3, 1864
1,034 Bayliss, Thomas " H 2 Art. May 11, 1864
1,870 Beale, John " F 78 Inf. June 12, 1864
6,644 Bear, D. Sergeant B 93 Inf. Aug. 23, 1864
11,652 Beard, John Private K 14 Inf. Oct. 30, 1864
11,917 Beaver, M. " B 29 Inf. Nov. 8, 1864
4,573 Beck, J. D. " G 21 Inf. Aug. 2, 1864
3,809 Beckold, William " G 16 Cav. July 23, 1864
411 Belishy, J. " D 16 Cav. Apr. 5, 1864
1,230 Bender, George " C 12 Cav. May 20, 1864


Schedule G. — Continued.
No. of grave. Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
5,242 Bennett, A. Private B 86 Inf. Aug. 10,1864
6,412 Benning, John Corporal G 16 Cav. Aug. 22,1864
10,653 Benton, C. W. Private B 29 Inf. Oct. 11,1864
3,345 Bernsteil, Conrad " H 27 Inf. July 15,1864
4,853 Berry, George H. " G 89 Inf. Aug. 6, 1864
10,681 Best, William " E 88 Inf. Oct. 11, 1864
3,056 Betdschneider, J. B. " G 65 Inf. July 9,1864
5,978 Betzer, I. N. " B 107 Inf. Aug. 17,1864
4,315 Black, John Sergeant A 31 Inf. July 30,1864
2,904 Black, J. H. Private E 21 Inf. July 5, 1864
1,665 Blenchert, L. Corporal D 16 Cav. June 6, 1864
1,983 Bios, Philip Private A 21 Inf. June 15, 1864
12,453 Boehm, John " B 14 Cav. Jan. 14, 1865
9,899 Boles, William " E 89 Inf. Sept. 27, 1864
11,795 Bolten, R. H. " D 100 Inf. Nov. 4, 1864
3,008 Booream, Osley A. " B 64 Inf. July 7, 1864
2,621 Bosen, M. " G 81 Inf. Feb. 9, 1865
11,088 Botkin, E. " D 103 Inf. Oct. 18, 1864
9,824 Botts, John " F 22 Inf. Sept. 27, 1864
5,943 Bousman, E. " F 123 Inf. Aug. 17, 1864
5,415 Bowden, W. " F 9 Cav. Aug. 13, 1864
5,046 Bowen, A. O. " C 113 Inf. Aug. 8, 1864
10,791 Bowman, J. " D 108 Inf. Oct. 12, 1864
11,921 Bowser, James Corporal F 89 Inf. Nov. 8, 1864
9,323 Boyd, B. F. Private D 6 Cav. Sept. 20, 1864
1,974 Boyd, J. E. " B 84 Inf. June 15, 1864
10,984 Boyer, Isaac Sergeant H 14 Cav. Oct. 16, 1864
12,840 Bradford, David Private C 85 Inf. Apr. 21, 1865
4,259 Branch, Isaac " C 38 Inf. July 29, 1864
1,619 Brannoch, C. Sergeant K 79 Inf. June 4, 1864
1,643 Bredwell, H. C. Private D 38 Inf. June 4, 1864
10,763 Breeden, B. " E 35 Inf. Oct. 1, 1864
3,940 Brett, James " K 88 Inf. July 25, 1864
1,815 Breudecker, F. " K 24 Inf. June 10, 1864
1,669 Brewer, H. Sergeant C 24 Inf. May 6, 1864
6,421 Brewer, H. Private F 78 Inf. Aug. 22, 1864
6,256 Briant, W. C. Corporal A 107 Inf. Aug. 20, 1864
3,264 Bridges, M. A. Private K 38 Inf. July 13, 1864
9,570 Bridges, W. J. " F 122 Inf. Sept. 23, 1864
2,367 Brinkey, Morris Sergeant L 16 Cav. June 23, 1864
11,668 Britton, A. Corporal E 79 Inf. Oct. 30, 1864
1,578 Brockmeier, Henry Private M 7 Cav. June 3, 1864
3,717 Brookman, J. A. Corporal I 44 Inf. July 21, 1864
8,911 Brothers, D. Private H 48 Inf. Sept. 16, 1864
9,350 Brown, Enoch P. Sergeant C 73 Inf. Sept. 20, 1864
9,782 Brown, G. E. Private M 16 Cav. Sept. 26, 1864
10,962 Brown, George S. Corporal B 1 Art. Oct. 15, 1864
12,450 Brown, H. Private F 14 Inf. Jan. 14, 1865
5,978 Brown, J. A. " B 73 Inf. Aug. 17, 1864
9,011 Brown, J. H. " F 12 Inf. Sept. 17, 1864
5,924 Brown, J. M. Corporal B 29 Inf. Aug. 17, 1864
8,962 Brown, W. Bugler C 16 Cav. Sept. 16, 1864
6,836 Brown, William Private M 15 Cav. Aug. 25, 1864
1,143 Buchrer, Frederick " A 27 Inf. May 16, 1864
10,888 Buckmaster, John " C 79 Inf. Oct. 14, 1864
12,362 Buffington, Benjamin " F 74 Inf. Dec. 30, 1864
8,188 Burger Rudolph " F 16 Cav. Sept. 8, 1864
5,785 Burk B. F. " I 30 Inf. Aug 15, 1864
5,936 Burns, William T. Sergeant D 16 Inf. Aug. 17, 1864
11,858 Burton, A. Private I 35 Inf. Nov. 6, 1864
10,586 Butler, Newton " D 89 Inf. Oct. 10, 1864
10,362 Butler, W. S. Corporal D 89 Inf. Oct. 5, 1864
8,776 Butlers, John Private A 89 Inf. Sept. 14, 1864
6,356 Callahan, Cal. Private F 39 Inf. Aug. 21, 1864
6,505 Campbell, J. M. " G 120 Inf. Aug. 22, 1864
4,683 Carey, Joseph L. " I 8 Inf. Aug. 4, 1864
3,556 Carr, C. C. " H 38 Inf. July 18, 1864
666 Carroll, John J. " H 115 Inf. Apr. 22, 1864
7,037 Carroll, J. S. Corporal I 78 Inf. Aug. 27, 1864
10,257 Casper, J. Private D 90 Inf. Oct. 3, 1864
1,844 Castle, Henry F. " E 103 Inf. June 11, 1864
446 Cault, Albert " A 116 Inf. Apr. 9, 1864
6,693 Cavitt, William R. " D 113 Inf. Aug. 24, 1864
7,502 Center, E. R. " K 115 Inf. Sept. 1, 1864
6,738 Cernelius, James " H 9 Cav. Aug. 24, 1864


Schedule G. — Continued.
No. of grave. Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
9,322 Chadwick, George H. Bugler C 7 Cav. Sept. 20, 1864
10,459 Channey, Samuel Private K 79 Inf. Oct. 7, 1864
9,095 Chatoney, T. Corporal H 82 Inf. Sept. 18, 1864
3,907 Charles, R. J. Private M 5 Cav. July 24, 1864
6,109 Chase, E. " C 23 Inf. Aug. 18, 1864
3,205 Chenoworth, William " G 9 Inf. July 12, 1864
9,935 Chimberg, Nelson " G 89 Inf. Sept. 28, 1864
4,319 Chitwood, Thomas " M 16 Cav. July 30, 1864
10,554 Choat, W. C. " D 6 Cav. Oct. 9, 1864
6,935 Christensen, J. " I 82 Inf. Aug. 26, 1864
7,868 Claney, J. W. " E 38 Inf. Sept. 5, 1864
504 Clark, A. E. " I 16 Cav. April 12, 1864
9,560 Clark, Charles " B 29 Inf. Sept. 23, 1864
7,760 Clark, Elon " K 51 Inf. Sept. 4, 1864
8,834 Clark, J. M. " B 6 Cav. Sept. 15, 1864
12,672 Clark, R. I. " F 114 Inf. Feb. 18, 1865
5,143 Clark, William " K 14 Cav. Aug. 9, 1864
9,925 Cleaves, M. " H 3 Cav. Sept. 28, 1864
8,847 Clendenen, Thomas J. " B 6 Cav. Sept. 15, 1864
8,750 Cliggitt, M. Corporal I 36 Inf. Sept. 14, 1864
5,787 Cline, John A. Private I 12 Cav. Aug. 15, 1864
2,287 Clustman, J. " I 16 Cav. June 21, 1864
12,348 Codding, Jasper C. " G 89 Inf. Dec. 27, 1864
1,198 Coddington, W. J. " I 93 Inf. May 18, 1864
2,753 Colburn, G. O. " I 73 Inf. July 1, 1864
2,244 Colburn, Thomas " G 16 Cav. June 20, 1864
5,597 Colburn, William " G 16 Cav. Aug. 13, 1864
300 Cole, John " E 112 Inf. April 2, 1864
7,211 Cole, N. H. " A 112 Inf. Aug. 29, 1864
2,048 Coleman, H. " M 16 Cav. June 16, 1864
6,971 Collier, John J. " B 6 Cav. Aug. 27, 1864
256 Collier, William H. " G 93 Inf. Mar. 30, 1864
11,719 Compton, W. H. " B 21 Inf. Nov. 1, 1864
4,879 Cook, G. P. " F 6 Cav. Aug. 6, 1864
2,933 Coovert, David " F 78 Inf. July 5, 1864
3,856 Corwin, J. " K 7 Inf. July 24, 1864
3,677 Corwin, J. " L 6 Cav. July 20, 1864
9,312 Craber, John T. " D 81 Inf. Sept. 20, 1864
6,001 Cotton, J. S. Corporal H 100 Inf. Aug. 18, 1864
5,417 Craig, J. G. Private D 54 Inf. Aug. 12, 1864
9,704 Craig, John " A 23 Inf. Sept. 25, 1864
12,506 Craig, J. or Robert " B 2 Art. Jan. 22, 1865
9,307 Craig, S. " F 38 Inf. Sept. 20, 1864
10,087 Craig, T. " K 93 Inf. Sept. 30, 1864
1,974 Crandall, W. M. " A 93 Inf. June 15, 1864
2,329 Crane, M. " E 23 Inf. June 22, 1864
2,253 Crawford, Wm. " K 16 Cav. June 21, 1864
12,433 Crosby, J. " C 90 Inf. Jan. 11, 1864
1,417 Cross, E. " C 111 Inf. May 27, 1864
7,982 Cross, Isaac " D 21 Inf. Sept. 5, 1864
8,859 Cross, J. D. " I 14 Cav. Sept. 15, 1864
6,749 Crouse, J. Sergeant I 16 Cav. Aug. 24, 1864
2,032 Crumm, J. W. Private D 79 Inf. June 16, 1864
10,912 Culley, C. M. " B 29 Inf. Oct. 14, 1864
2,758 Curry, Oliver T. Corporal B 32 Inf. July 2, 1864
8,187 Dack, Charles H. Private H 9 Cav. Sept. 8, 1864
8,616 Dake, G. Corporal D 100 Inf. Sept. 13, 1864
10,961 Daring, T. H. Private I 112 Inf. Oct. 15, 1864
1,826 Darling, D. " B 93 Inf. June 10, 1864
1,103 Darwin, C. " I 16 Cav. May 15, 1864
4,207 Datson, R. B. " B 6 Cav. July 29, 1864
356 Davis, Andrew J. " A 112 Inf. April 4, 1864
8,553 Davis, Charles " E 112 Inf. Sept. 12, 1864
10,603 Davis, Greenberry " D 113 Inf. Oct. 10, 1864
4,150 Davis, W. " M 16 Cav. July 28, 1864
10,113 Dawd, J. W. " I 112 Inf. Oct. 1, 1864
4,048 Dawes, H. Sergeant A 38 Inf. July 27, 1864
7,013 Day, Wm. F. Private H 111 Inf. Aug. 27, 1864
4,608 Decker J. P. " C 119 Inf. Aug. 3, 1864
12,311 Delaney, L. D. " H 2 Art. Dec. 19, 1864
7,150 Demoss, Benjamin F. " F 78 Inf. Aug. 29, 1864
2,497 Denhardt, W. H. G. " K 16 Cav. June 26, 1864
7,514 Denning, Josiah B. " D 31 Inf. Sept. 1, 1864


Schedule G. — Continued.
No. of grave. Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
4,422 Dennis, Edward Sergeant B 79 Inf. July 29, 1864
2,231 Dentermann, W. " E 44 Inf. June 20, 1864
12,660 Denton, E. Corporal B 15 Inf. Feb. 16, 1865
5,165 Depue, J. W. Private A 6 Cav. Aug. 9, 1864
2,365 Dereks, Henry " C 89 Inf. June 23, 1864
12,547 Dilly, G. " E 15 Inf. Jan. 28, 1865
352 Divers, George W. " B 21 Inf. April 4, 1864
1,314 Dobson, J. M. Sergeant H 3 Cav. May 23, 1864
3,834 Dodd, G. M. Private F 21 Inf. July 23, 1864
10,496 Doerner, August " H 24 Inf. Oct. 8, 1864
4,663 Dolby, James " H 73 Inf. Aug. 3, 1864
9,947 Done, Alexander " A 75 Inf. Sept. 28, 1864
2,869 Dooley, James " L 16 Cav. July 4, 1864
1,441 Doran, Hugh H. " I 78 Inf. May 28, 1864
1,727 Dowd, W. " G 38 Inf. June 8, 1864
1,343 Dowdy, Joseph " K 16 Cav. May 24, 1864
12,476 Doyle, J. " I 112 Inf. Jan. 18, 1865
12,436 Doyle, P. " H 65 Inf. Jan. 11, 1865
5,053 Drake, R. R. " H 74 Inf. Aug. 8, 1864
10,332 Dressel, C. " G 24 Inf. Oct. 4, 1864
12,686 Drew, E. Sergeant D 53 Inf. Feb. 21, 1865
9,073 Ducker, Conrad Private M 7 Cav. Sept. 17, 1864
3,123 Dudley, Josiah W. Corporal F 89 Inf. July 10, 1864
9,678 Dunn, George V. Private E 89 Inf. Sept. 24, 1864
12,496 Dunsing, A. " C 30 Inf. Jan. 21, 1865
2,666 Durand, P. " E 35 Inf. June 29, 1864
9,037 Dyer, John C. " D 30 Inf. Sept. 17, 1864
10,909 Easley, W. A. Corporal G 21 Inf. Oct. 14, 1864
5,992 Eastman, Wm. H. Private F 36 Inf. Aug. 17, 1864
4,962 Edwards, C. D. " K 51 Inf. Aug. 7, 1864
8,084 Eliott, Edwin W. " B 92 Inf. Sept. 7, 1864
9,703 Ellis, Wm. " G 26 Inf. Sept. 25, 1864
9,734 Ellison, W. " I 14 Cav. "
2,249 Elston, James " E 112 Inf. June 20, 1864
4,979 Emerson, J. " L 16 Cav. Aug. 7, 1864
4,502 Emery, J. " A 22 Inf. Aug. 1, 1864
11,727 Emo, W. " M 7 Cav. Nov. 1, 1864
9,717 Erbe, Joseph " F 9 Inf. Sept. 25, 1864
2,211 Erek, Wm. " H 9 Inf. June 20, 1864
214 Errickson, C. " M 16 Cav. Mar. 28, 1864
2,936 Evans, G. W. " C 103 Inf. July 5, 1864
3,373 Eychawer, Richard " F 74 Inf. July 15, 1864
6,261 Fagan, O. Private G 23 Inf. Aug. 20, 1864
161 Falk, N. P. " G 112 Inf. Mar. 26, 1864
2,439 Fandish, S " A 1 Art. June 25, 1864
12,509 Farington, Wm. A. " K 14 Inf. Oct. 8, 1864
2,230 Farmer, F. H. " A 21 Inf. June 20, 1864
4,991 Farnham, C. A. " D 51 Inf. Aug. 7, 1864
2,021 Feller, A. " A 23 Inf. June 16, 1864
12,628 Fernon, J. " M 14 Cav. Feb. 10, 1865
2,512 File, Caleb " K 11 Inf. June 26, 1864
3,854 Finch, F. M. " G 21 Inf. July 23, 1864
10,097 Fink, J. P. " F 53 Inf. Sept. 30, 1864
9,845 Fisher, J. F. " F 123 Inf. Sept. 27, 1864
2,129 Fitzgerald, H. Sergeant I 16 Cav. June 18, 1864
2,219 Fitzpatrick, Patrick " C 38 Inf. June 20, 1864
9,992 Flanigan, J. Private H 42 Inf. Sept. 28, 1864
6,972 Floyd, A. " A 7 Inf. Aug. 27, 1864
10,881 Ford, N. J. " I 39 Inf. Oct. 12, 1864
2,564 Forney, D. " G 93 Inf. June 27, 1864
10,515 Forrer, J. " B 14 Cav. Oct. 8, 1864
8,230 Foster, A. J. " M 16 Cav. Sept. 9, 1864
12,473 Foster, E. S. " K 9 Cav. June 17, 1864
7,720 Foster, R. D. " G 112 Inf. Sept. 3, 1864
531 Fowler, John " D 14 Cav. April 13, 1864
12,275 Frame, Wm. " E 120 Inf. Dec. 13, 1864
12,887 Francis, J. F. " I 12 Inf. April 19, 1864
5,933 Franklin, R. A. " F 81 Inf. Aug. 17, 1864
432 Frass, Louis " E 16 Cav. April 8, 1864
4,031 Freeman, D. S. " L 16 Cav. July 26, 1864
1,055 Fremont, James " B 7 Cav. May 13, 1864
11,541 Frink, J. " G 65 Inf. Oct. 27, 1864
8,186 Frisby, A. " M 9 Cav. Sept. 8, 1864
497 Fuller, Ira R. " D 123 Inf. April 11, 1864
10,740 Furguson, Lewis J. " K 115 Inf. Oct. 10, 1864


Schedule G. — Continued.
No. of grave. Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
9,926 Gaines, C. Private B 20 Inf. Sept. 28, 1864
1,347 Gallagher, P. " C 21 Inf. May 24, 1864
6,111 Garig, J. " F 78 Inf. Aug. 18, 1864
579 Garvin, John Sergeant B 57 Inf. Apr. 15, 1864
7,953 Gaur, F. Private I 36 Inf. Sept. 6, 1864
12,801 Gerlack, Charles " C 30 Inf. Mar. 20, 1865
1,340 German, P. " G 24 Inf. May 24, 1864
4,485 Geschweind, J. " E 16 Cav. Aug. 1, 1864
1,416 Gibson, H. D. " K 93 Inf. May 27, 1864
4,201 Gibson, S. T. " I 78 Inf. July 29, 1864
1,652 Giles, J. V. " H 89 Inf. June 5, 1864
7,988 Giles, S. P. " A 112 Inf. Sept. 6, 1864
1,499 Gilgese, G. " I 16 Cav. May 31, 1864
5,144 Gillespie, J. W. " H 84 Inf. Aug. 9, 1864
1,868 Gilmore, James " I 16 Cav. June 12, 1864
1,850 Glidewell, Franklin Corporal K 73 Inf. June 11, 1864
10,307 Goddard, Henry Private G 89 Inf. Oct. 4, 1864
3,001 Goffinett, P. " D 51 Inf. June 15, 1864
12,847 Gordon, J. " B 114 Inf. Apr. 25, 1865
7,761 Gore, N. " C 15 Inf. Sept. 4, 1864
12,461 Gott, H. " C 39 Inf. Jan. 15, 1865
9,403 Graber, J. " H 24 Inf. Sept. 20, 1864
2,164 Grace, Wm. W. " D 21 Inf. June 19, 1864
6,617 Graham, W. J. " E 41 Inf. Aug. 23, 1864
10,491 Grant, W. G. " I 18 Inf. Oct. 7, 1864
10,998 Gravel, George " C 51 Inf. Oct. 16, 1864
783 Graves, George " K 16 Inf. Apr. 28, 1864
4,569 Greathouse, J. " I 6 Cav. Aug. 2, 1864
12,116 Green, David " A 79 Inf. Nov. 22, 1864
11,155 Green, John " H 23 Inf. Oct. 19, 1864
3,111 Greenwall, B. " L 16 Cav. July 10, 1864
11,778 Green, George Corporal D 120 Inf. Nov. 3, 1864
4,083 Griswold, J. C. Private E 19 Inf. July 27, 1864
2,501 Grogen, William " B 66 Inf. June 26, 1864
10,594 Gross, J. " B 29 Inf. Oct. 10, 1864
10,466 Grover, H. S. " H 42 Inf. Oct. 7, 1864
3,730 Gulk, P. " B 79 Inf. July 21, 1864
5,961 Gunder, F. " B 16 Inf. Aug. 17, 1864
5,025 Guyer, William " C 92 Inf. Aug. 8, 1864
11,449 Guymon, J. A. " F 78 Inf. Oct. 25, 1864
4,091 Habie, John Private A 6 Cav. July 27, 1864
3,828 Hafran, James " I 7 Cav. July 23, 1864
5,074 Hagemann, Jacob " E 16 Cav. Aug. 8, 1864
4,094 Haggard, E. " K 16 Cav. July 27, 1864
2,825 Haines, Theodore W. " M 14 Cav. July 3, 1864
63 Hake, William S. " E 16 Inf. Mar. 19, 1864
10,061 Haley, C. H. " H 22 Inf. Sept. 30, 1864
12,060 Hall, C. A. " A 1 Art. Nov. 16, 1864
7,194 Hall, James P. " A 9 Inf. Aug. 29, 1864
12,223 Hall, John L. " G 89 Inf. Dec. 4, 1864
12,314 Hall, M. C. Corporal D 41 Inf. Dec. 20, 1864
11,833 Hall, Peter " D 103 Inf. Nov. 5, 1864
318 Haller, John Private E 65 Inf. Apr. 3, 1864
1,241 Haller, William " H 83 Inf. May 20, 1864
11,572 Halt, George S. " B 7 Cav. Oct. 27, 1864
187 Hannah, H. V. Corporal C 107 Inf. Mar. 27, 1864
2,605 Hannah, P. H. Private C 21 Inf. June 28, 1864
11,188 Hanson, D. M. Sergeant E 39 Inf. Oct. 19, 1864
6,684 Harland, J. Private L 7 Cav. Aug. 24, 1864
9,214 Harner, Jesse " F 38 Inf. Sept. 19, 1864
2,634 Harrington, L. M. " A 112 Inf. June 29, 1864
11,725 Harris, E. " C 79 Inf. Nov. 1, 1864
10,447 Harris, W. H. " G 9 Inf. Oct. 6, 1864
2,677 Hart, George L. " K 16 Cav. June 30, 1864
2,201 Hart, W. " K 16 Cav. June 19, 1864
1,980 Hartry, E. Corporal B 39 Inf. June 15, 1864
10,606 Hathaway, L. Private B 15 Inf. Oct. 10, 1864
8,608 Hawkins, D. " I 79 Inf. Sept. 13, 1864
5,192 Haworth, F. " I 7 Cav. Aug. 10, 1864
2,326 Heaward, William G. Corporal I 16 Cav. June 22, 1864
1,852 Hehenberg, William Private F 24 Inf. June 11, 1864
5,741 Heide, C. " F 24 Inf. Aug. 15, 1864
4,582 Heistand, B. F. Sergeant D 92 Inf. Aug. 2, 1864


Schedule G. — Continued.
No. of grave. Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
6,489 Henson, George Private C 31 Inf. Aug. 22, 1864
1,162 Henry, W. P. " B 23 Inf. May 17, 1864
8,428 Herrell, William A. " K 14 Inf. Sept. 11, 1864
6,113 Herrill, G. W. " K 120 Inf. Aug. 19, 1864
2,565 Hess, Henry " G 84 Inf. June 26, 1864
1,906 Hester, John " C 38 Inf. June 11, 1864
9,753 Hicks, Calvin " H 27 Inf. Sept. 25, 1864
8,303 Hicks, H. " G 11 Inf. Sept. 10, 1864
1,102 Hicks, W. " D 15 Inf. May 14, 1864
11,959 Higgins, Washington L. " G 89 Inf. Nov. 11, 1864
12,070 Highland, C. " C 14 Cav. Nov. 17, 1864
725 Hilderbrandt, N. " D 24 Inf. Apr. 25, 1864
8,830 Hill, Aaron " C 115 Inf. Sept. 15, 1864
8,721 Hill, Henry " K 14 Inf. Sept. 14, 1864
4,489 Hill, J. " G 9 Cav. Aug. 1, 1864
12,683 Hinchcliff, J. Corporal B 81 Inf. Feb. 20, 1865
6,117 Hoen, Peter Private H 112 Inf. Aug. 19, 1864
11,847 Hoffman, R. M. " C 35 Inf. Nov. 5, 1864
12,791 Hommock, Lewis " D 14 Inf. Feb. 18, 1865
2,098 Hook, J. J. Sergeant E 98 Inf. June 17, 1864
2,255 Hoppock, Joseph Private F 112 Inf. July 13, 1864
12,090 Horn, Frank Corporal A 86 Inf. Nov. 18, 1864
89 Horsman, William E. Private I 16 Cav. Mar. 21, 1864
9,881 Houser, A. F. " F 38 Inf. Sept. 27, 1864
5,812 Howard, D. H. Sergeant E 79 Inf. Aug. 16, 1864
11,782 Howard, J. S. Corporal K 127 Inf. Nov. 3, 1864
3,211 Howell, J. W. Private F 78 Inf. July 12, 1864
11,506 Hoy, J. " A 100 Inf. Oct. 26, 1864
6,035 Hudson, W. H. " C 107 Inf. Aug. 18, 1864
9,962 Hughes, D. L. " H 125 Inf. Sept. 27, 1864
12,755 Hulse, T. B. " D 14 Inf. Mar. 12, 1865
11,140 Hungerford, N. " I 108 Inf. Oct. 19, 1864
6,085 Huntley, R. R. " F 89 Inf. Aug. 18, 1864
1,136 Hurlbut, D. " C 84 Inf. May 16, 1864
5,019 Hutchings, S. " A 104 Inf. Aug. 8, 1864
3,312 Iverson, J. S. Private I 16 Cav. July 14, 1864
2,658 Jackson, H. Private C 51 Inf. June 29, 1864
10,287 Jackson, N. " F 123 Inf. Oct. 3, 1864
10,766 Jaekel, Charles " B 24 Inf. Oct. 12, 1864
1,845 Janney, Edmund H. Corporal F 79 Inf. June 11, 1864
3,686 Jarvis, Joseph Private K 73 Inf. July 20, 1864
12,797 Jenks, J. P. Sergeant I 3 Cav. Mar. 18, 1865
6,736 Jeningan, J. B. Private E 30 Inf. Aug. 24, 1864
2,135 Jewett, Felix " H 14 Inf. June 18, 1864
1,412 Johnson, James S. " C 7 Inf. May 27, 1864
9,458 Johnson, John " H 125 Inf. Sept. 21, 1864
5,395 Johnson, Samuel F. " B 100 Inf. Aug. 12, 1864
9,827 Jones, G. W. " E 27 Inf. Sept. 27, 1864
8,971 Jones, J. " E 117 Inf. Sept. 16, 1864
644 Jones, Thomas " E 112 Inf. Apr. 20, 1864
2,567 Jones, Thomas J. " I 16 Cav. June 27, 1864
2,990 Jones, Wm. " D 27 Inf. July 6, 1864
1,764 Jordan, B. W. " D 84 Inf. June 9, 1864
9,153 Jordan, M. " C 38 Inf. Sept. 18, 1864
2,961 Joy, B. " I 16 Cav. July 6, 1864
2,241 Joyce, A. " D 90 Inf. June 20, 1864
10,513 Justice, H. " H 7 Inf. Oct. 8, 1864
10,026 Kaeppel, C. Private A 82 Inf. Sept. 29, 1864
12,052 Kane, H. " A 90 Inf. Nov. 16, 1864
4,308 Kappel, H. Sergeant H 29 Inf. July 30, 1864
7,183 Keelly, John Private F 75 Inf. Aug. 29, 1864
18 Kell, M. R. Corporal D 49 Inf. Mar. 7, 1864
5,518 Kennedy, M. Private C 38 Inf. Aug. 13, 1864
12,488 Kent, J. " F 14 Cav. Jan. 9, 1865
396 Kiger, John N. " E 22 Inf. Apr. 5, 1864
10,520 Kilbreath, J. " A 11 Inf. Oct. 8, 1864
696 Kinder, M. " D 82 Inf. Apr. 23, 1864
7,897 Kingham, J. " G 38 Inf. Sept. 4, 1864
5,701 Kirby, John " H 96 Inf. Aug. 14, 1864
685 Klehanz, David " G 65 Inf. Apr. 23, 1864
12,051 Kline, Frank " E 14 & 15 Bat. Nov. 16, 1864
12,726 Kline, Michael " D 14 Inf. Mar. 4, 1865


Schedule G. — Continued.
No. of grave. Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
158 Klinkel, J. Private G 16 Inf. Mar. 21, 1864
8,348 Kluge, Ernst " G 20 Inf. Sept. 20, 1864
4,766 Knigge, A. Corporal C 113 Inf. Aug. 5, 1864
4,908 Knight, Isaac Private H 9 Inf. Aug. 6, 1864
11,891 Knobles, P. " D 108 Inf. Nov. 7, 1864
2,754 Kraell, J. " I 16 Cav. July 1, 1864
2,179 Kraemer, George " C 24 Inf. June 19, 1864
652 Kreobs, John P. " K 16 Cav. Apr. 20, 1864
12,685 Krieger, J. " E 14 Cav. Feb. 21, 1865
1,809 Krisher, John " I 32 Inf. June 10, 1864
4,700 Krohl, John " H 16 Cav. Aug. 4, 1864
7,927 LaCoste, Joseph M. Private E 89 Inf. Sept. 5, 1864
7,290 Ladieu, J. " H 100 Inf. Aug. 30, 1864
7,155 Lambert, C. " D 38 Inf. Aug. 29, 1864
10,489 Landsden, Wm. H. " A 78 Inf. Oct. 6, 1864
12,270 Langley, George " K 14 Inf. Dec. 12, 1864
12,044 Lanz, V. " D 89 Inf. Nov. 16, 1864
11,289 Largent, M. B. Sergeant K 14 Cav. Oct. 22, 1864
5,906 Larimore, William Private E 9 Cav. Aug. 16, 1864
11,222 Larson, Olof " C 89 Inf. Oct. 20, 1864
9,635 Laurance, B. F. " B " Sept. 24, 1864
1,233 Law, Henry " G 93 Inf. May 20, 1864
8,464 Leach, Wm. " B 115 Inf. Sept. 11, 1864
10,896 Leatherman, M. " E 98 Inf. Oct. 14, 1864
963 Lee, Thomas " E 8 Inf. May 8, 1864
1,297 Lee, Wm. E. " I 16 Cav. May 23, 1864
10,148 Leekley, J. B. Sergeant F 96 Inf. Oct. 1, 1865
8,295 Leighdy, James A. Private I 113 Inf. Sept. 9, 1864
8,524 Leo, Paul Corporal H 16 Cav. Sept. 11, 1864
11,258 Lewis, Charles Private A 79 Inf. Oct. 31, 1864
6,238 Lewis, Thomas " L 2 Cav. Aug. 20, 1864
10,508 Lewis, R. " C 7 Cav. Oct. 8, 1864
6,295 Lilken, John Sergeant I 112 Inf. Aug. 20, 1864
1,818 Limberger, John Corporal F 16 Inf. June 10, 1864
6,414 Linosay, A. Private D 113 Inf. Aug. 22, 1864
2,268 London, Lewis " F 65 Inf. June 20, 1864
10,179 Lope, J. " A 125 Inf. Oct. 1, 1864
1,017 Lowry, Francis M. " E 35 Inf. May 11, 1864
2,342 Lush, John " B 29 Inf. June 23, 1864
1,456 Lutz, John " H 23 Inf. May 29, 1864
8,196 Lyman, J. " D 100 Inf. Sept. 8, 1864
11,467 Lynch, P. Corporal C 38 Inf. Oct. 26, 1864
3,169 Mackin, Bernard Corporal E 23 Inf. July 11, 1864
5,390 Madden, L. Private C 96 Inf. Aug. 12, 1864
11,358 Maddock, Josiah Sergeant A 79 Inf. Oct. 23, 1864
2,097 Maeyers, John Private C 116 Inf. June 17, 1864
5,608 Maier, I. " K 24 Inf. Aug. 14, 1864
3,935 Malcom, J. R. " K 38 Inf. July 25, 1864
2,868 Manning, A. " A 25 Inf. July 4, 1864
6,333 Marriett, H. " L 16 Cav. Aug. 21, 1864
2,762 Marshall, A. Corporal H 96 Inf. July 2, 1864
2,051 Martiman, Wm. Private K 16 Cav. June 16, 1864
4,071 Martin, J. " K 9 Cav. July 27, 1864
1,444 Martin, R. A. " L 16 Cav. May 28, 1864
863 Mason, Thomas B. " B 93 Inf. May 3, 1864
1,428 Massey, W. F. " D 111 Inf. May 28, 1864
429 Mathena, N. D. Sergeant I 79 Inf. Apr. 5, 1864
12,744 Matthews, T. M. Private G 32 Inf. Mar. 7, 1865
1,061 Maxhan, H. C. Corporal H 19 Inf. May 13, 1864
3,280 Maxwell, S. Private C 8 Cav. July 13, 1864
10,019 May, M. H. " I 89 Inf. Sept. 29, 1864
3,080 Mayer, C. H. Corporal F 24 Inf. July 9, 1864
1,407 Mayer, P. Private F " May 27, 1864
3,100 McCampbell, D. " B 104 Inf. July 10, 1864
56 McCleary, Thomas " L 16 Cav. Mar. 17, 1864
1,315 McClusky, James " K " May 23, 1864
5,724 McComb, R. " K " Aug. 15, 1864
4,850 McCrea, A. " D 113 Inf. Aug. 6, 1864
1,617 McCready, Wm. " C 96 Inf. June 4, 1864
6,513 McCreery, J. P. " C 119 Inf. Sept. 22, 1864
2,665 McGain, J. " H 99 Inf. June 29, 1864
5,283 McGee, Wm. F. " D 30 Inf. Aug. 10, 1864
11,623 McGibbons, J. " A 119 Inf. Oct. 29, 1864


Schedule G. — Continued.
No. of grave. Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
3,470 McIntire, L. Private K 16 Inf. July 17, 1864
3,050 McKune, H. W. " C 13 Inf. July 8, 1864
1,634 McLaughlin, B. " I 90 Inf. June 5, 1864
11,952 McLeran, Birch " A 89 Inf. Nov. 10, 1864
4,725 McMahan, M. " E 93 Inf. Aug. 4, 1864
1,337 McMillen, W. W. Corporal. E 112 Inf. May 24, 1864
9,763 McNeal, John A. Private D 78 Inf. Sept. 26, 1864
692 McShane, Barney " K 80 Inf. Apr. 23, 1864
9,710 McWorthy, Wm. P. " I 92 Inf. Sept. 24, 1864
3,279 Mead, George " H 19 Inf. July 13, 1864
4,648 Medler, H. " I 38 Inf. Aug. 3, 1864
6,266 Mee, Wm. H. " H 51 Inf. Aug. 20, 1864
11,900 Melny, P. " I 14 Cav. Nov. 7, 1864
953 Mentz, P. Sergeant E 16 Cav. May 8, 1864
2,049 Menzimer, Charles C. Private A 96 Inf. June 16, 1864
2,639 Merrill, Franklin S. Sergeant F 89 Inf. June 29, 1864
7,404 Merz, F. Private K 44 Inf. Sept. 1, 1864
9,145 Meyer, A. Corporal H 24 Inf. Sept. 18, 1864
3,955 Milas, Nelson Private F 11 Inf. July 25, 1864
3,139 Miller, H. " F 92 Inf. July 10, 1864
11,721 Miller, J. " C 22 Inf. Nov. 1, 1864
2,257 Miller, J. H. Sergeant I 31 Inf. June 20, 1864
9,795 Miller, M. R. Private A 92 Inf. Sept. 26, 1864
1,975 Miller, T. " M 2 Art. June 15, 1864
10,921 Mills, S. " F 14 Cav. Oct. 14, 1864
11,617 Mitchell, Josiah B. " G 89 Inf. Oct. 29, 1864
4,680 Mixed, L. R. " F 38 Inf. July 30, 1864
4,526 Monical, J. M. " G 21 Inf. Aug. 1, 1864
9,187 Moran, Thomas " C 89 Inf. Sept. 18, 1864
10,645 Morblery, B. " H 48 Inf. Oct. 10, 1864
2,539 Morley, H. " M 16 Cav. June 26, 1864
2,646 Morehead, J. " E 9 Inf. June 29, 1864
3,203 Morris, B. C. " F 8 Inf. July 13, 1864
1,320 Morris, James " K 66 Inf. May 23, 1864
6,402 Mounce, W. R. " B 6 Cav. Aug. 21, 1864
9,188 Mueller, F. Corporal B 16 Cav. Sept. 18, 1864
2,884 Mulcahy, David Private D 89 Inf. July 3, 1864
2,993 Mulford, W. B. Q. M. Sergt   23 Inf. July 6, 1864
4,515 Muller, M. Private C 16 Cav. Aug. 1, 1864
7,989 Mund, D. " D 8 Cav. Sept. 6, 1864
50 Myers, Charles " B 16 Cav. Mar. 16, 1864
5,038 Myers, P. M. " L 16 Cav. Aug. 8, 1864
5,432 Myers, Samuel Sergeant C 25 Inf. Aug. 12, 1864
2,177 Naher, Charles Private F 16 Cav. June 19, 1864
438 Nashen, Edward " A 65 Inf. Apr. 8, 1864
283 Neal, Joseph " K 16 Cav. Apr. 1, 1864
7,439 Needham, L. H. Sergeant K 42 Inf. Sept. 1, 1864
9,531 Nelson, J. Corporal K 93 Inf. Sept. 22, 1864
8,166 Newbery, H. Private F 22 Inf. Sept. 8, 1864
5,778 Newby, E. " A 123 Inf. Aug. 15, 1864
8,129 Newlan, H. " A 25 Inf. Sept. 8, 1864
6,945 Nichols, L. " F 14 Cav. Aug. 26, 1864
7,847 Nicholson, R. H. " F 123 Inf. Sept. 4, 1864
7,086 Nugent, T. " E 108 Inf. Aug. 28, 1864
12,460 Nully, C. " A 120 Inf. Jan. 15, 1865
6,519 Oberiere, O. B. Corporal C 112 Inf. Aug. 22, 1864
10,851 O'Brien, David Private C 89 Inf. Oct. 13, 1864
11,274 Ockler, W. " K 24 Inf. Oct. 22, 1864
3,847 O'Connor, M. " F 2 Cav. July 23, 1864
1,533 O'Daniel, J. H. " A 9 Inf. June 1, 1864
1,921 O'Dear, Thomas " F 78 Inf. June 14, 1864
3,609 O'Done, W. " G 9 Inf. July 19, 1864
1,502 Oslesby, Daniel " M 16 Cav. May 31, 1864
4,743 O'Keefe, J. " C 2 Art. Aug. 5, 1864
1,214 O'Keefe, Michael " C 2 Art. May 19, 1864
10,042 O'Lary, Arthur " K 108 Inf. Sept. 29, 1864
7,856 Olderfield, J. R. " B 6 Cav. Sept. 5, 1864
6,098 Olson, John " D 89 Inf. Aug. 18, 1854
9,885 Olson, P. J. " K 112 Inf. Sept. 27, 1864
10,279 O'Mira, Daniel J. Corporal E 9 Cav. Oct. 3, 1864
30 O'Neal, Dennis Private K 16 Cav. Apr. 9, 1864
4,025 Ordway, L. " A 8 Inf. July 28, 1864
10,469 Osborn, J. W. Corporal H 9 Inf. Oct. 7, 1864
9,106 Otey, O. S. " I 21 Inf. Sept. 18, 1864


Schedule G. — Continued.
No. of grave. Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
8,414 Owen, C. Private D 120 Inf. Sept. 11, 1864
3,408 Paisley, F. E. Private E 120 Inf. July 16, 1864
12,357 Parkhurst, F. M. " H 14 Cav. Dec. 30, 1864
6,303 Partridge, W. J. Sergeant F 30 Inf. Aug. 20, 1864
6,301 Paschall, A. N. Private A 114 Inf. "
12,677 Patterson, J. T. " F 14 Inf. Feb. 19, 1865
6,095 Payne, S. " B 88 Inf. Aug. 18, 1864
12,701 Penny, Wm. H. " F 114 Inf. Feb. 26, 1865
2,621 Perkins, L. C. " A 89 Inf. June 28, 1864
9,313 Perry, J. " G 9 Cav. Sept. 20, 1864
12,179 Peterson, J. B. " I 112 Inf. Nov. 27, 1864
5,889 Pettijohn, J. " F 21 Inf. Aug. 15, 1864
1,686 Petz, Wm. " I 65 Inf. June 7, 1864
12,594 Philbrook, A. Sergeant F 14 Cav. Feb. 5, 1865
410 Phillips, Wm. H. S. Corporal L 16 Cav. Apr. 5, 1864
9,059 Pickett, Frank M. Private E 30 Inf. Sept. 17, 1864
4,887 Pierce, Charles Corporal H 16 Cav. Aug. 6, 1864
1,506 Pierce, W. B. Private H 8 Cav. May 31, 1864
3,764 Place, S. " F 44 Inf. July 22, 1864
1,862 Pollard, F. " A 137 Inf. June 12, 1864
3,879 Portclange, Maximillian " K 24 Inf. July 24, 1864
9,682 Post, George R. " L 7 Cav. Sept. 23, 1864
5,783 Powell, A. Sergeant C 122 Inf. Aug. 15, 1864
3,058 Powell, D. F. Private K 16 Cav. July 9, 1864
3,422 Powers, James " C 44 Inf. July 16, 1864
23 Preston, Charles W. " M 8 Cav. Mar. 8, 1864
6,007 Price, I. H. " D 79 Inf. Aug. 17, 1864
7,972 Pugh, John " D 122 Inf. Sept. 6, 1864
10,412 Pyner, Thomas " D 89 Inf. Oct. 6, 1864
10,531 Quinn, P. Private A 52 Inf. Oct. 8, 1864
10,184 Rafferty, J. O. Private H 6 Cav. Oct. 1, 1864
1,765 Ramsey, A. B. " K 45 Inf. June 9, 1864
1,011 Ramsey, J. C. " B 21 Inf. May 10, 1864
12,763 Ramsey, Thomas J. " A 79 Inf. Mar. 12, 1864
10,772 Randall, C. W. " E 124 Inf. Oct. 12, 1865
8,578 Rankin, M. A. Corporal I 3 Cav. Sept. 12, 1864
12,680 Ransom, George H. Private B 4 Cav. Feb. 19, 1865
7,604 Rarney, J. H. Sergeant B 6 Cav. Sept. 2, 1864
5,968 Redment, John Private H 112 Inf. Aug. 17, 1864
8,571 Reed, A. " I 98 Inf. Sept. 12, 1864
306 Reed, Erastus Sergeant K 100 Inf. Apr. 2, 1864
1,729 Remour, A. J. Private H 112 Inf. June 8, 1864
1,616 Richards, Henry Corporal I 79 Inf. June 4, 1864
12,324 Richardson, F. Private E 34 Inf. Dec. 23, 1864
2,836 Richter, Carl Corporal H 82 Inf. July 3, 1864
7,748 Ritter, D. Private D 14 Cav. Sept. 3, 1864
2,074 Roberts, Wm. W. " I 16 Cav. June 17, 1864
8,410 Robinson, E. H. " A 36 Inf. Sept. 11, 1864
4,460 Robinson, H. P. Sergeant B 6 Cav. Aug. 1, 1864
6,080 Robinson, J. B. Private D 79 Inf. Aug. 18, 1864
2,596 Rodenberger, N. " C 96 Inf. June 28, 1864
1,807 Rodgers, Silas " D 65 Inf. June 10, 1864
7,228 Rogers, George " G 16 Cav. Aug. 29, 1864
747 Rogers, O. " A 12 Cav. Apr. 26, 1864
11,473 Rolfe, W. " F 45 Inf. Oct. 26, 1864
3,039 Rolston, Joseph M. " I 79 Inf. July 8, 1864
4,389 Rosecrans, H. " A 113 Inf. July 31, 1864
8,465 Ross, Thomas " K 113 Inf. Sept. 11, 1864
10,751 Rother, F. " G 16 Inf. Oct. 12, 1864
528 Rowley, E. " G 103 Inf. Apr. 13, 1864
1,294 Rudd, T. " L 16 Cav. May 23, 1864
2,557 Ryan, M. " A 89 Inf. June 27, 1864
2,000 Sadler, M. M. Private G 27 Inf. June 15, 1864
10,512 Sandler, Lewis Corporal D 19 Inf. Oct. 8, 1864
2,165 Saur, Charles Private A 82 Inf. June 19, 1864
1,902 Savage, P. P. " G 13 Inf. June 13, 1864
9,915 Sawins, Benjamin W. " C 36 Inf. Sept. 28, 1864
1,661 Scharbeek, Edward Private E 144 Inf. June 6, 1864
3,493 Schrader, C. " H 24 Inf. July 17, 1864
6,105 Schwartz, Andrew " M 7 Cav. Aug. 18, 1864
12,557 Schwarz, Charles Corporal G 24 Inf. Jan. 30, 1865
1,573 Scitz, Victor Private L 16 Cav. June 3, 1864


Schedule G. — Continued.
No. of grave. Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
11,077 Scott, Hugh Private G 23 Inf. Oct. 17, 1864
12,034 See, S. S. " G 11 Inf. Nov. 15, 1864
1,787 Seely, Charles " G 44 Inf. June 10, 1864
1,333 Selters, G. H. Sergeant G 38 Inf. May 23, 1864
9,325 Senne, Conrad Private D 8 Cav. Sept. 20, 1864
309 Seppel, J. A. " E 107 Inf. Apr. 2, 1864
4,872 Serene, R. O. " I 112 Inf. Aug. 6, 1864
12,827 Seward, Robert " E 61 Inf. Apr. 8, 1865
5,350 Seybert, A. " A 39 Inf. Aug. 11, 1864
12,149 Sharp, A. " B 7 Cav. Nov. 24, 1864
2,579 Sharp, A. H. " A 22 Inf. June 27, 1864
1,899 Sharp, E. D. T. " A 89 Inf. June 13, 1864
7,315 Shaw, Joseph B. " D 98 Inf. Aug. 30, 1864
2,617 Shaw, Jubal " E 89 Inf. June 10, 1864
7,163 Sheider, Charles " K 44 Inf. Aug. 29, 1864
7,558 Sheridan, D. " A 23 Inf. Sept. 2, 1864
8,386 Sherwood, J. T. " I 16 Cav. Sept. 10, 1864
7,270 Shields, J. K. Sergeant E 6 Cav. Aug. 30, 1864
10,359 Shirtz, Wm. Private F 44 Inf. Oct. 4, 1864
8,864 Shook, S. T. " D 113 Inf. Sept. 15, 1864
4,524 Shroyer, Nathan Corporal G 64 Inf. Aug. 1, 1864
4,135 Shuby, John Sergeant G 42 Inf. July 28, 1864
12,046 Siebert, H. C. Private M 7 Cav. Nov. 16, 1864
2,430 Silkwood, H. M. " D 89 Inf. June 24, 1864
12,834 Simmons, M. A. " H 42 Inf. Apr. 17, 1865
12,713 Simmons, W. D. " H 42 Inf. Mar. 1, 1865
7,630 Simpson, C. " D 14 Cav. Sept. 2, 1864
10,441 Sippel, H. " M 7 Cav. Oct. 7, 1864
1,777 Sitter, John " I 16 Cav. June 9, 1864
12,390 Skinner, H. Sergeant M 14 Cav. Jan. 4, 1865
10,082 Skinner, Wm. Private G 16 Cav. Sept. 30, 1864
10,663 Sleek, Philip " E 9 Cav. Oct. 11, 1864
2,585 Slosher, H. Corporal E 92 Inf. June 28, 1864
5,960 Smith, George Private E 53 Inf. Aug. 17, 1864
4,008 Smith, Henry " B 1 Art. July 26, 1864
10,849 Smith, J. " G 14 Cav. Oct. 13, 1864
362 Smith, John B. " L 7 Cav. Apr. 4, 1864
12,566 Smith, J. S. " D 115 Inf. Feb. 1, 1865
10,975 Smith, Patrick " H 114 Inf. Oct. 15, 1864
4,659 Smith, Wm. " M 16 Cav. Aug. 3, 1864
8,223 Snyder, James B. " B 6 Cav. Sept. 8, 1864
653 Snyder, Lewis " C 89 Inf. Apr. 20, 1864
9,345 Soiles, J. B. Sergeant F 14 Cav. Sept. 20, 1864
4,203 Spangle, N. J. Private L 16 Cav. July 30, 1864
9,092 Spindler, Wm. W. " F 113 Inf. Sept. 18, 1864
4,598 Sprague, W. L. " H 8 Inf. Aug. 2, 1864
1,667 Springer, M. " E 112 Inf. June 6, 1864
11,359 Spurlock, Bennett " D 89 Inf. Oct. 23, 1864
2,532 Stanchfield, G. H. " H 96 Inf. June 26, 1864
1,718 Stark, Fry D. " H 79 Inf. June 8, 1864
1,018 Stegall, J. " L 16 Cav. May 11, 1864
10,737 Stevens, S. M. " D 44 Inf. Oct. 11, 1864
6,292 Stewart, F. M. " I 78 Inf. Aug. 25, 1864
1,610 Stillwell, John " I 38 Inf. June 5, 1864
4,878 Stillwell, T. H. " L 7 Cav. Aug. 6, 1864
10,828 Stine, A. " H 14 Inf. Oct. 13, 1864
12,725 Stinehauer, J. " B 15 Inf. Mar. 3, 1865
855 Stines, S. T. " G 40 Inf. May 3, 1864
12,132 Stolhut, A. " K 92 Inf. Nov. 23, 1864
4,724 Stop, Lucian W. " E 89 Inf. Aug. 4, 1864
8,451 Storm, Alexander O. " D 89 Inf. Sept. 11, 1864
8,549 Stricker, John " K 11 Inf. "
12,822 Stringer, C. " B 15 Inf. Apr. 5, 1865
9,013 Strong, E. N. " B 95 Inf. Sept. 17, 1864
10,440 Stroud, J. P. " C 9 Inf. Oct. 6, 1864
12,190 Sturne, C. " C 96 Inf. Nov. 28, 1864
8,615 Sullivan, J. " I 16 Inf. Sept. 13, 1864
12,482 Sullivan, Michael " E 15 Inf. Jan. 18, 1865
11,808 Sutee, Benjamin " L 9 Cav. Nov. 4, 1864
5,515 Sutton, M. " M 9 Cav. Aug. 13, 1864
4,442 Swanson, P. " K 9 Inf. July 31, 1864
505 Sweet, Wm. " E 89 Inf. Apr. 12, 1864
10,515 Tanner, J. Private A 14 Cav. Oct. 8, 1864
502 Taylor, George " M 16 Cav. Apr. 12, 1864
10,036 Taylor, H. Corporal E 9 Inf. Sept. 29, 1864


Schedule G. — Continued.
No. of grave. Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
809 Taylor, Joseph Private F 4 Cav. Apr. 30, 1864
12,526 Taylor, Wm. " F 14 Inf. Jan. 26, 1865
1,825 Temple, Ira " H 100 Inf. June 10, 1864
4,564 Terry, John " M 16 Cav. Aug. 1, 1864
12,437 Thayer, D. W. " E 64 Inf. Jan. 12, 1865
9,833 Therimam, John W. " E 89 Inf. Sept. 27, 1864
2,425 Thomas, A. " A 16 Inf. June 24, 1864
6,491 Thompson, A. J. " B 10 Inf. Aug. 22, 1864
7,128 Thompson, E. G. " M 1 Art. Aug. 28, 1864
10,411 Thompson, G. " K 24 Inf. Oct. 6, 1864
8,863 Thorn, J. " D 16 Cav. Sept. 15, 1864
46 Timmler, Wm. " K 16 Cav. Mar. 15, 1864
2,502 Tincholen, S. H. " H 19 Inf. June 26, 1864
3,064 Topp, August " C 19 Inf. July 9, 1864
547 Trailer, Van Buren " I 16 Cav. Apr. 14, 1864
11,550 Trask, J. I. " B 7 Inf. Oct. 27, 1864
1,915 Trout, E. " F 21 Inf. June 14, 1864
751 Trowbridge, L. A. Corporal M 16 Cav. Apr. 26, 1864
3,032 Tucker, E. Private E 38 Inf. July 7, 1864
12,736 Tucker, Ira " F 7 Cav. Mar. 6, 1865
10,832 Tucker, John S. " G 8 Inf. Oct. 13, 1864
10,988 Turner, S. " A 120 Inf. Oct. 16, 1864
3,271 Vatter, George Private C 9 Inf. July 13, 1864
1,078 Vaughn, James " I 16 Cav. May 14, 1864
7,765 Vincent, L. D. " G 7 Inf. Sept. 4, 1864
5,638 Vock, Wm. " C 24 Inf. Aug. 14, 1864
2,015 Vogt, Wm. " H 24 Inf. June 16, 1864
1,026 Voris, R. " I 16 Cav. May 11, 1864
6,767 Waddle, J. Sergeant C 122 Inf. Aug. 25, 1864
2,964 Wahl, M. Private I 16 Cav. July 6, 1864
10,756 Waldo, Judson M. Corporal K 9 Inf. Oct. 12, 1864
9,218 Walker, George Private K 31 Inf. Sept. 19, 1864
10,001 Walsh, J. " E 1 Art. Sept. 29, 1864
11,345 Ward, J. G. B. " E 7 Inf. Oct. 23, 1864
12,072 Ward, Ransom L. " C 15 Inf. Nov. 18, 1864
2,488 Warm, William " M 16 Cav. June 26, 1864
7,895 Wartuck, J. " C 93 Inf. Sept. 5, 1864
12,392 Warwick, N. A. Corporal D 120 Inf. Jan. 4, 1865
11,619 Waterman, Levi Private D 95 Inf. Oct. 29, 1864
5,898 Watts, Wm. " L 16 Cav. Aug. 16, 1864
9,317 Weaver, Alexander " A 93 Inf. Sept. 20, 1864
6,178 Weaver, David " L 16 Cav. Aug. 19, 1864
10,785 Weedman, J. W. Corporal I 39 Inf. Oct. 12, 1864
742 Weeks, B. Private L 16 Cav. Apr. 26, 1864
2,301 Weiry, John " H 7 Cav. June 22, 1864
3,743 Weison, Jacob Corporal G 74 Inf. July 21, 1864
11,751 Welsch, L. Private F 24 Inf. Nov. 2, 1864
4,338 Wentworth, Charles " D 27 Inf. July 30, 1864
7,426 Westbrook, B. B. " B 6 Cav. Aug. 31, 1864
3,910 Wham, F. L. " G 21 Inf. July 24, 1864
912 Wheelock, A. " H 96 Inf. May 10, 1864
3,067 Whelen, M. " B 23 Inf. July 9, 1864
8,713 Whipp, Charles " E 9 Inf. Sept. 14, 1864
1,699 Whitman, L. Corporal I 104 Inf. June 7, 1864
5,998 Whitney, T. F. Private G 89 Inf. Aug. 17, 1864
5,613 Wildenburger, P. " B 6 Cav. Aug. 14, 1864
5,158 Wiley, T. " M 7 Cav. Aug. 9, 1864
12,732 Wiley, W. " C 32 Inf. Mar. 5, 1865
7,840 Wilhelm, G. A. " F 11 Inf. Sept. 4, 1864
12,671 Wilks, B. " A 81 Inf. Feb. 18, 1865
90 Will, Gustavus " D 16 Cav. Mar. 21, 1864
3,254 Williams, E. " D 49 Inf. July 13, 1864
10,899 Williams, W. " A 45 Inf. Oct. 14, 1864
8,310 Williams, Wm. " H 22 Inf. Sept. 9, 1864
12,780 Willis, A. P. " A 84 Inf. Mar. 15, 1865
4,737 Wilson, D. B. " M 16 Cav Aug. 4, 1864
11,712 Wilson, Wesley Sergeant C 89 Inf. Nov. 1, 1864
1,130 Wimmer, John Private I 16 Cav. May 15, 1864
4,941 Winemiller, John Sergeant C 56 Inf. Aug. 7, 1864
10,347 Winesburge, Wm. H. Private A 79 Inf. Oct. 4, 1864
989 Wink, Louis " C 16 Cav. May 10, 1864
9,785 Winn, Jacob " B 36 Inf. Sept. 26, 1864
8,755 Winning, D. M. " C 125 Inf. Sept. 14, 1864
6,079 Winter, Wm. " H 24 Inf. Aug. 18, 1864


Schedule G. — Concluded.
No. of grave. Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
8,815 Wood, A. Private I 21 Inf. Sept. 15, 1864
1,042 Woodcock, R. " L 16 Cav. May 12, 1865
3,696 Workman, James G. " G 7 Inf. July 21, 1864
10,582 Worthy, A. E. " K 21 Inf. Oct. 10, 1864
2,624 Wright, J. W. " C 35 Inf. June 28, 1864
5,265 Wright, M. " E 57 Inf. Aug. 10, 1864
12,309 Yates, J. Private E 120 Inf. Dec. 19, 1864
72 Zom, Philip Private G 44 Inf. Mar. 20, 1864



The following is a list of prisoners who died in Andersonville, and whose graves are unnumbered:

Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
Anderson, Charles C. Private C 42 Inf. Nov. 1, 1864
Anderson, William " B 79 Inf. Jan. 21, 1864
Bauman, Henry Private M 7 Cav.  
Bender, Lyman " F 113 Inf. Oct. 10, 1864
Benner, Cyrus Corporal C 79 Inf. Feb. 3, 1864
Bergman, Henry Private H 16 Cav. Aug. 7, 1864
Bevier, Orlin " B 112 Inf. July 1894
Brady, John " B 73 Inf. Nov. 9, 1864
Brazington, Eli " K 14 Cav. Nov. 30, 1864
Brown, Arthur P. " K 74 Inf. Oct. 28, 1864
Bussard, Jacob " D 98 Inf. Aug. 28, 1864
Cantam, Henry Private L 16 Cav. Aug. 10, 1864
Carter, Sylvester " F 9 Inf. Sept. 28, 1864
Copps, James N. " B 29 Inf. Oct. 15, 1864
Coughey, Henry " A 112 Inf. Feb. 20, 1865
Crommett, Daniel " C 9 Cav. Oct. 1, 1864
Crowel, John C. " B 59 Inf. Sept. 16, 1864
Deyo, Abram Private B 112 Inf. July, 1864
Dixon, James " B 29 Inf.  
Durand, Robert H. " H 16 Cav. July 31, 1864
English, Richard Private L 16 Cav. Aug. 30, 1864
Fautz, Noah Private E 112 Inf. April 18, 1864
Fink, John W. " L 16 Cav. Sept. 15, 1864
Fox, Calvin E. " E 9 Inf. May 31, 1864
Fuller, Gardner " A 89 Inf. Sept. 21, 1864
Funk, Wm. C. " F 21 Inf.  
Gearhart, Levi Private F 113 Inf. Oct. 1, 1864
Goodrich, Mathew " G 44 Inf. Dec. 21, 1864
Grim, G. D. " K 103 Inf. Oct. 14, 1864
Gum, Moses " C 21 Inf. Jan. 4, 1864
Hallet, John Private H 61 Inf. Feb. 9, 1865
Harry, William H. Corporal B 7 Inf. Oct. 13, 1864
Hays, George Private F 38 Inf. June 8, 1865
Helmkampf, Wm. " D 16 Cav. May 24, 1864
Holtkamp, Bennett " F 96 Inf. Sept. 13, 1864
Houchen, Robert " I 120 Inf. Nov. 8, 1864
Howland, Joseph " C 42 Inf. Nov. 20, 1864
Ketchum, Chester O. Private G 81 Inf. Oct. 20, 1864
Kroschel, Louis " H 16 Cav. April 15, 1864
Lanham, John H. Private C 42 Inf. May 9, 1865
Lourant, Levi J. " D 89 Inf. Sept. 1, 1864
Lusk, Palmer " F 39 Inf. July 1864
Martin, Joel Private E 117 Inf. Sept. 16, 1864
McCab, Henry " H 57 Inf.  
McCarty, Joseph " K 14 Cav. Nov. 1, 1864
Miller, James " F 113 Inf. Oct. 1864
Miller, Joseph " F 113 Inf. Oct. 18, 1864
Miller, William " K 81 Inf. 1864
Mossman, Loper " G 42 Inf. Mar. 13, 1865
Mullins, William " D 113 Inf. 1864
Munzenberger, John " C 113 Inf. Oct. 29, 1864


Supplemental List — Concluded.
Name. Rank. Co. Regiment. Date of death.
Obiella, John Private D 16 Cav. June 24, 1864
Obsten, Frank " D 16 Cav. June 15, 1864
O'Daniels, Jasper " L 16 Cav. July 20, 1864
Odurn, Brittain " B 6 Cav. Aug. 21, 1864
Porker, Israel Private G 64 Inf. Aug. 2, 1864
Perry, John J. " D 84 Inf. Aug. 1, 1864
Phelps, Wm. L. " B 6 Cav. Oct. 25, 1864
Ray, Robert D. Private F 14 Inf. 1864
Reese, Bishop Non-com staff   39 Inf. Nov. 7, 1864
Ritter, Henry Private M 7 Cav.  
Russell, S. A. Corporal C 79 Inf. Sept. 10, 1864
Senna, Henry Private K 14 Cav. Nov. 11, 1864
Smith, Nathan P. " B 38 Inf. Oct. 13, 1864
Smith, Wm. H. " C 36 Inf. Sept. 28, 1864
Stillwell, T. W. " E 79 Inf. Oct. 28, 1864
Sullivan, John " M 16 Cav. Nov. 1, 1864
Talmadge, C. B. Private H 89 Inf. Jan. 6, 1865
Taylor, Thomas " G 5 Cav. July 12, 1864
Thornton, John " C 73 Inf. Sept. 16, 1864
Tower, Charles B. " G 51 Inf. Sept. 15, 1864
VanDeusen, Ira Private H 111 Inf. Nov. 27, 1864
Vancil, Thomas M. " A 31 Inf.  
Weiss, Otto Corporal H 16 Cav. Aug. 3, 1864
Wells, James Private M 16 Cav.  
Woodmancy, Roswell " B 42 Inf. Mar. 30, 1865



Showing the number of persons subject to Military Duty in the State of Illinois, between the ages of eighteen (18) and forty-five (45), as per census returns of 1865.

County. No. County. No.
Adams 8,379 Livingston 3,350
Alexander 2,320 Logan 3,332
Bond 1,874 Macon 4,179
Boone 1,756 Macoupin 4,631
Brown 2,356 Madison 7,212
Bureau 4,254 Marion 2,727
Calhoun 812 Marshall 2,887
Carroll 2,567 Mason 1,822
Cass 2,033 Massac 1,323
Champaign 4,237 McDonough 4,189
Christian 3,151 McHenry 4,137
Clark 2,732 McLean 6,866
Clay 2,149 Menard 2,030
Clinton 2,199 Mercer 3,190
Coles 3,849 Monroe 2,140
Cook 41,354 Montgomery 3,483
Crawford 2,045 Morgan 4,274
Cumberland 1,585 Moultrie 1,328
DeKalb 2,893 Ogle 3,222
DeWitt 2,335 Peoria 5,643
Douglas 2,248 Perry 1,829
DuPage 2,433 Piatt 1,552
Edgar 3,065 Pike 4,796
Edwards 933 Pope 1,659
Effingham 2,115 Pulaski 1,321
Fayette 2,558 Putnam 1,141
Ford 578 Randolph 3,003
Franklin 1,583 Richland 2,050
Fulton 6,023 Rock Island 4,694
Gallatin 1,343 Saline 1,697
Greene 2,767 Sangamon 7,325
Grundy 2,566 Schuyler 2,529
Hamilton 1,431 Scott 1,476
Hancock 5,221 Shelby 3,022
Hardin 593 Stark 1,592
Henderson 1,726 St. Clair 7,393
Henry 4,399 Stephenson 4,511
Iroquois 3,362 Tazewell 4,225
Jackson 2,353 Union 2,662
Jasper 1,477 Vermilion 3,978
Jefferson 2,30