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Great Fight Below Cairo.

The extra dispatches to the Journal yesterday, which were not furnished to us, announced a desperate fight between the rebels and a force of federal troops from Cairo, under General Grant. Yesterday's Chicago Times has the following particulars:
CAIRO, Ill., Nov. 7. — A desperate battle occurred at Belmont to-day.

Last night a strong force of federals, comprising the 27th, 30th, 22d, and 31st Illinois, 7th Iowa, Taylor's battery. Delano's cavalry, and some other troops, which amid the excitement it is impossible to ascertain, left here on the steamers Alex. Scott, Chancellor, Memphis, and Keystone State — the gun boats Tyler and Lexington accompanying.

The troops were landed on Lucas Bend, three miles above Columbus, formed in line of battle there, and marched upon the camp of the enemy. Gen. McClernand was in command of the Cairo troops, Col. Dougherty of those from Bird's Point, and Gen. Grant of the entire force. For two and a half miles, up to the camp of the enemy, through the woods, the ground was hotly contested; but the enemy were driven back. Col. Buford was assigned the right, Fouke the centre, and Logan the left. The disposition of the rebel forces I could not ascertain. Col. Buford's regiment carried the first U. S. flag into the rebels' camp. When Col. Fouke reached the open field, he found Col. Dougherty on his right. Col. Dougherty's 22d regiment captured the enemy's battery of twelve guns, but Fouke's regiment suffered most from their fire.

The 22d and 30th regiments were at right angles, leaving the 30th nearly in front of the batteries, and the 22d to one side of them. The 30th then charged into an ambuscade, encountering desperate resistance. Being reinforced by Logan's 31st, the enemy were routed with great loss, and sixty prisoners taken. The enemy's camp was fired, and totally destroyed. The enemy's camp was fired, and totally destroyed. The batteries on the Kentucky shore, finding our troops in possession of their Missouri camp, opened fire upon them.

Lieutenant Hettman, with company F of the 13th, which had been sent by Colonel Fouke as scouters, here reported that the enemy were crossing from Kentucky, threating our rear. The order was given to return to the boats, when our troops were confronted by several thousand men, who had been sent from Columbus. Another terrible engagement ensued. The major portion of our troops reached the boats, but every regiment suffered fearfully.

The following are all the losses I could obtain: 30th regiment, Colonel Fouke, one hundred and sixty missing: Major McClerken, wounded, and captured while leading the centre: Captain Markley, killed, — while assisting Colonel Fouke to rally the men to return the fire in the retreat he fell at the foot of his column: Lieutenant Dallery, company K, killed — shot once before, but continued fighting: Surgeon Gordon, captured — he declared that he would not leave the wounded if his life paid the forfeit for remaining. 21st regiment, Colonel John A. Logan — company A. Captain Keese, seventy-one men: twenty estimated missing; Company B, Captain Cain — six killed and wounded — two brought in of wounded; Company C, Captain Looney — captain wounded severely in the breast — McGowan killed, seven wounded and four or five missing; Company E, Captain Latoon — two killed, two wounded and fifteen missing. Company F, Captain Rigby — captain struck by spent grape-shot, and thought to be captured — ten killed, Orderly Lappla and private Lawrence among them — six wounded, two of whom are Jesse Sotherfield and P. Hagers — ten missing. Company G, Captain Strickler — five missing and two wounded, Lieut. Strickler slightly. Company H, Captain Greenleaf — twenty missing, 2d Lieutenant Roberts and Joseph Bowles among them. Company I, Capt. McCook — thirty missing and many wounded — Doctor McCook and Captain Brochu captured. Company K, Captain Somerville — Corporal Van Heneng, private J. C. Cole, and one other killed, captain shot in the hand early in the day.

Assistant Surgeon Whitnall was taken prisoner while attending to the wounded.

Five halls passed through the clothing of Lieutenant Colonel White, none hurting him. Colonel Buford's regiment returned too late for me. Colonel Buford's regiment returned too late for me to obtain the particulars. The remaining troops are at Bird's Point, and no news is to be obtained from there to night. Colonel Dougherty, of the 22d regiment, is reported captured. Chellen is killed, and four men of his company lost. Lieutenant Smith was killed. Taylor's battery lost one gun, and two guns were captured.

About three hundred of the enemy are thought to be killed, and the prisoners are variously estimated at from one hundred and fifty to four hundred. Among their killed was John V. Wright, colonel of the 15th Tennessee, and ex-member of congress, and a Louisiana captain.

Gen. Grant had two horses killed under him, and is mentioned by all the men as having conducted himself gallantly. Gen. McClernand's horse was shot from under him, and the general is universally praised for his bravery on the field. He mounted the first cannon which was taken.

Capt. Bielaskie, of his staff was killed by a cannon ball. Capt. Dresser, also of his staff, had his horse shot from under him.

Major Broeman, assistant adjutant general although everywhere in the thickest of the fight, was the only one of the general's staff officers who was not wounded or unhorsed.

Col. Lauman, of the 7th Iowa regiment, is reported dangerously wounded, and Brigade Quartermaster Hatch is wounded in the leg.

CAIRO, Ill., Nov. 7. — A great battle was fought to-day at Belmont, three miles above Columbus. Generals Grant and McClernand commanded. Our troops landed at 3 o'clock A. M.

The battle commenced at 11 o'clock, lasting till sundown. Our boys drove the enemy from their camp and stores, with all their baggage, took all their cannon, brought home their horses and mules, two field pieces, near 100 prisoners, but were finally forced to retire to our boats, the rebels having received a reinforcement from Columbus. Our force was about 3,500; the rebels numbered about 7,000.

General Grant and McClernand, and Colonels Dougherty, Logan, Fouke, and Buford behaved with great gallantry, and were everywhere found in the thickest of the fight. Both the generals' horses were shot. Gen. McClernand had twice his saddle-rigging and clothing riddled with balls. Capt. Biolaski, one of his aids, was killed, and Capt. Dresser, his other aid, had his horse killed. His holsters each caught a ball, another grazed his head, and another penetrated his blanket. He was first to mount one of the guns captured, which is now in camp.

Gen. Grant had his horse killed under him. Col. Dougherty was wounded and taken prisoner. To the heroic conduct of our officers and men the country owes a lasting gratitude.

Capt. Hatch, a quartermaster, was the last aboard the boat, staying behind to assist all aboard. Our loss will be between three and five hundred.