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The Abolition Convention.

This much trumpeted convention, called by the republican state committee, with a thin effort to give it other than an abolition party character, got through its labors yesterday. As was predicted by the democratic press, it was purely an abolition convention; but two men hitherto opposed to that party were lugged into its embraces, and they, as lie result shows, went in for pay. One got the abolition nomination for congress for the 10th district. Before they were thus honored (?) each, in a vehement abolition harangue, proclaimed his adhesion to the abolition party and all its revolutionary projects. Ingersoll secured the nomination for congress, after an exciting and heated conflict. It was contended by those who opposed him, that it was idle to pay a high price for so indifferent an article. Several leading republicans, who had served their party zealously and faithfully, were aspirants for the nomination, and it was arged by their friends that it was absurd to set them aside for a new-fledged renegade, who shamelessly showed, by word and deed, that he came into their ranks, at a late hour, only to profit by the chances for office. This was a strong argument, and probably would have prevailed, but the radicals, who controlled the convention, and had Ingersoll's pledge to go to the extreme of Lovejoy jacobinism, desired to punish Senator Browning's friends, two of whom, Kellogg and Grimshaw, were leading candidates. The former withdrew "early in the action," and did not permit his name to go before the convention. The latter did, and was slaughtered. Mr. Ingersoll is a second-rate county court lawyer and "brother to Bob," and it is claimed that he will, on account of his former party associations and relationship aforesaid, make sad inroads among the democracy! a delusion in regard to such renegades, probably entertained by the managers of the convention before they arrived here, but which was dispelled when they found but two "patriots" of the sort here to meet them in convention, and both of them demanding their pay in advance. The accidents of the conflict between the Trumbull and Browning interests, fulfilled the original programme, when it was apparent to all that it was barren of future party profit. So Mr. Ingersoll secures a prominence for his recreancy through the broils of the contending factions of his new "harmonious" associates. He takes the bone and bad eminence while older abolitionists are snapping and tearing each other over it.

The abolition organ here has had a deal to say about the meagre attendance upon the recent democratic convention, which was twice as large as that held in Cook's Hall yesterday. The organ gives a long list of delegates this morning, alleged to be in attendance, who were not present at all. Many counties were represented, without authority, by proxies, and some not at all. The U. S. marshal, a citizen of Springfield, seemed to respond for the greater portion of the state south of the Ohio and Mississippi Road. It was a "lean and hungry" gathering, truly, inspired with envenomed abolitionism & overflowing with hatred of all who do not recognize the revolutionary doctrines of Greeley and Garrison.

The present state treasurer and superintendent of public instruction were nominated for reelection, after it was settled, in response to the enquiry of an anxious delegate, that the former was a good "war man!" Such is fame! The resolutions of the convention we give, with comment, elsewhere.

The results of the convention fall short of abolition anticipations. It was thinly attended. The expected "war democrat" accessions were not on hand. It was a clear-strained abolition conclave, spitting upon "all voters" who dissent from extreme abolition views, and ruling from position all, whatever may have been their former party standing or services, who do not believe that the existing constitution is "a covenant with death," and the Union of the fathers "a league with hell."

Their ticket nominated, with a renegade democrat at its tail, is no stronger, if as strong, than it would have been had Lovejoy himself been in place of Ingersoll, who, as a citizen, or democrat hitherto, has scarcely been known without the limits of his county, and in it only as a flippant talker, with no more than the average quantity of brains. With able patriotic men upon the democratic ticket opposed to the nominees of yesterday, men of tried ability, devoted to the state's best interests, to the Union, constitution and law, the democracy of Illinois can, and will, by vigorous, earnest effort, beat the abolition revolutionary ticket nominated in Cook's Hall yesterday.

Democrats, men of Illinois, of whatever party, entertaining conservative views of public policy, to work. Organize in every county, town and precinct. The salvation of your country demands that you should contribute your share to the crushing out of the fell revolutionary spirit which is now rampant, and which would set aside our glorious constitution. Let us be zealous, earnest and active, and we cannot fail to triumph.