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Extract of a Journal of the United Brethren' s Mission


Extract of a Journal of the United Brethren' s Mission on Muskingum, from February 21 to May 20, 1774.

April 30. Youngman and Schabosch returned from Pittsburg, who brought information that the Government was changed there, and the place now belonged to Virginia. That they were afraid of the Shawanese, and it was supposed they would fall upon the white people below the Ohio, and opposite them, but the message from Sir William Johnson is come to all the other Nations, warning them not to join the Shawanese.

May 6˙ Several Indians from Mochwesung came to visit us, and we received the account that one Shawanese Chief on the Ohio, was killed by the white people, and another wounded. It seems an Indian war will break out. We hear the Virginians on the Ohio, threaten to fall upon the Shawanese settlements, and to destroy their towns.

May 8˙ In the evening arrived an express from Gekelemuckepuck, with the disagreeable news that the white people on the Ohio had killed nine Mingoes, and wounded two; the messenger arrived, making a terrible noise as it is usual in war time. He had also a message from the Shawanese, which the Chief of Gekelemuck sent to us to


take notice of "that their grandfather, the Delaware Nation, should not be concerned, but be easy and quiet; let the traders traffic among them, and not hurt them, or any other white people in that quarter; that the women should continue to plant until they could further see what would happen." This seems to signify as if they intended to keep the road to Pittsburg clear, and not hurt the Pennsylvanians, but only to contend with the Virginians.

May 9˙ In the evening, arrived Mr˙ Anderson and another white man, in company with the Indian Chief White Eyes, who came from Pittsburg, and went towards the Shawanese; little wanted, or these messengers would have fallen into the hands of the Mingoes, who had fled from the other side of the Ohio, and kept by the road leading to Gekelemuckepuck. But some of our Indians going from here to Kaskaskum, warned them, so that they turned off the common road, and arrived here safely. They are sent to make another trial to persuade the Shawanese to peace, and to desist from all hostilities. So as we now hear it is but a gang of white people on Ohio, who committed the murders of the Indians. And the people of Pittsburg do not believe that they were acting by order of the Governor of Virginia. They have also killed some traders, because they carry merchandise and ammunition to the Indians. We also heard that many people about Pittsburg, and below, on Ohio, have fled to the settlements.

May 15˙ In the morning arrived a messenger, inviting some of our Indian brethren to a Council at Gekelemuckepuck; at the return of one of them, we heard that the Shawanese and Mingoes had left Gekelemuckepuck, very angry, and threaten to kill all white people they shall meet with. These Mingoes, about twenty in number, were present at the aforesaid massacre at Ohio, stirring up the Shawanese, who have not suffered much; but the Delawares will do their utmost to hinder them. The Indians at Gekelemuckepuck have taken all the white people there within their protection, and keep a watch in the night that they may not be surprised.

May 18˙ Another of our Indians returned from the Council, who brought an imperfect account, but some hopes that all would turn out well. The Chief has spoke to the Shawanese, who have heard him, and promised to give their answer this day.

May 19˙ A messenger arrived from Mr˙ Croghan, at Pittsburg, to the Delawares, Mingoes, and Shawanese, advising them to be quiet, not to think of war, and not hurt the traders; that the people of Pittsburg did their utmost to apprehend the white people that have committed the murder, and that they had taken one of them.

May 20˙ The rest of our Indians returned, and brought the agreeable news that the Shawanese had accepted of the proposals made to them, so that we hope peace will be re-established, and that they will not hurt the traders among them, but rather assist them, that they may return to their friends. There were about fifty Delawares and Monsys in their first day' s journey from Gekelemuckepuck arriving to Mochwesung, where mostly Monsys live; they see them dance the war dance, and, they said, how they heard war was declared, for some of the Mingoes had passed by, having a white scalp. Three of our brethren who were of the Monsy Nation, told them to leave off, and keep to the resolves of their own Nation, and of the Delawares.