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Whitehall, March 28, 1776.

SIR: I have already informed you in my letter of the 17th February, of which I now enclose a duplicate, that the force to be employed in Canada under your command would consist of nine British Regiments, and about five thousand foreign auxiliaries.

I hope that by this time the Regiments from Ireland are nearly ready to proceed, and this letter will be delivered to you by Major-General Burgoyne, who accompanies the first embarcation from hence, consisting, as you will sec by the enclosed state, of about two thousand Brunswick Troops, being the first division of that corps, and also of the Twenty-First Regiment, from Plymouth.

It is impossible, on account of the difficulty of procuring transports, to say when the second division of the Brunswick Troops will be ready to embark, but I hope it will be in the course of next month.

Enclosed I have the honour to send you a list of commissions, by which his Majesty gives military rank in America to his General Officers serving there; and it is hoped that this arrangement will have the effect to prevent any embarrassment or inconveniency from any claim in the General Officers of the foreign troops to have command in consequence of superior rank to the natural born subjects of Great Britain, upon whom it is his Majesty' s intention that the command shall in all cases devolve.

The defeat and repulse of the Rebels at Quebeck, on the 31st December, was a great and happy event; and I am commanded by the King to express to you the sense his Majesty entertains of your service on that important day, and of the services of all those who distinguished themselves upon that occasion.

It is hoped and believed that so severe a check will have had the consequence to deter the Rebels from any other such attempts upon Quebeck; and we trust the armament


now sending out will arrive in time to prevent their forming any regular siege of that important post.

If the Rebels should attempt to keep possession of Montreal, or any other place in Canada on your side the lakes, the Army under your command will be sufficient to drive them from that part of the. Province; and there is no doubt, if you succeed in these first operations, but that you will endeavour to pass the lakes as early as possible, and, in your future progress, contribute to the success of the Army under General Howe. If, contrary to all our expectations, Quebeck should have fallen into the hands of the Rebels, a battering train of artillery is sent out, with Engineers, and a strong detachment of the Royal Regiment of Artillery, to enable you to regain that place, either by immediately attacking it, or first seizing Montreal, and by that means cutting off all communication between Quebeck and the rebellious Provinces; but these operations must be left to your judgment and discretion, as it would bo highly improper, at such a distance, to give any positive orders, especially as so much confidence is placed in your knowledge and military experience. I am, &c˙,


To Sir Guy Carleton, Quebeck.