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To the Inhabitants of New-York



New-York, April 28, 1775.

On the 18th of instant, April, the humane and benevolent General Gage ordered a select number of about twelve hundred of his Grenadiers and best Troops, in a most secret manner, to march up the country as far as Concord, (as supposed) to seize Colonel Hancock and Mr˙ Samuel Adams. The first exploit they performed was in their way to Lexington; they found about thirty men exercising, and, without any provocation, fired upon them, (for about fifteen minutes,) killed six men, and wounded several when they were retreating as fast as possible; then the Troops proceeded on their way to Concord. On the road they killed a man on horseback, and killed geese, hogs, cattle, and every living creature they came across; they came to the house where said Hancock and Adams lodged, (who luckily escaped them ;) they searched the house, and when they could not find them, these barbarians killed the woman of the house and all the children in cool blood, and then set the house on fire.

Alas would not the heathen, in all their savage barbarity and cruelty, blush at such horrid murder, and worse than brutal rage? Is this the bravery of British Troops? Is this the part of a truly great commander? Is this the native courage and intrepidity of English soldiers, so much boasted of? Is it not rather the ferocity of a mad wild beast, from whom they cannot be supposed to differ only in shape? Let every American hear and abhor; let every inhabitant consider what he is likely to suffer if he falls into the hands of such cruel and merciless wretches; what miseries and calamities shall we not be subjected to, if we


submit to the unrighteous and tyrannical claims of the Parliament, of taking what we call our own, when and in what manner they please, without our consent; don' t this teach us that a body of men, as well as a particular person, may tyrannically oppress? Let every American consider what interest have we in George the Third, or what inheritance have we in the Parliament of Great Britain. Have they not declared that all the New-England Colonies are rebels, and have ordered and commanded their blood-thirsty soldiers to cut the throats of men, women, and children, and are they not at this instant endeavouring to carry their bloody decrees into execution? And how long (besure not a great while) before the rest of the Americans will meet with the same, unless they tamely give up their all into their hands, to be taken by them as they please, without the Colonies' consent; but God be thanked, the soldiery have met with a check. And for what is all this rage and fury? For no other cause but that we are slow to believe the power of Parliament is omnipotent, and that they have, a right to dispose of us and all we have as they please, without our consent. Surely no man in his senses, or that hath any notion of preserving his person or property, but what will, without hesitancy, resolve and determine to sell his life as dear as he can, rather than submit to such a slavish, and abject condition. Therefore, my countrymen, think, and by thinking you will necessarily be led to determine that now or never you may be free; if once you lose this opportunity and submit, it is not probable you will ever have another. If any should say we had better try conciliatory measures, and again petition for relief from the King and Parliament, I ask, to what purpose can it be? Have not particular Colonies tried petitioning by themselves, and have riot all the Colonies united in a petition for relief? And to what effect? Have they not been disdainfully and contemptuously trampled, upon, and treated with scorn, and called nothing but factious complaints? Doth it not plainly appear, that both the King and the Ministry are so fixed and determined at all hazards to destroy American liberty, as that it is to as little purpose to complain, or reason with them, as it is to reason with irrational creatures? Therefore it seems there is nothing for us to do, but to appeal unto God in the use of what force and strength we have in defence of our liberties and properties, and rely on his Almighty aid for help to repel the tyrant' s rage.