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Proclamation of Governour Penn



At a Council held at Philadelphia, on Thursday, 15th September, 1774,

Present: The Honourable John Penn, Esquire, Governour, William Logan, Richard Peters, James Tilghman, Edward Shippen, Junior, and Benjamin Chew, Esquires.

The Council having some time since represented to the Governour the absolute necessity of establishing, by an ex-parte Proclamation, the lines of jurisdiction between the Province of Maryland and the Province of Pennsylvania and Counties of New-Castle, Kent, and Sussex, on Delaware, according to the lines and boundaries agreed upon, run and marked by the Commissioners appointed for that purpose by the Proprietaries of the said respective Provinces, and the Governour having, with the consent and concurrence of the Honourable Thomas Penn, Esquire, in England, approved of the said measure, a draught of a Proclamation had been accordingly prepared, and is now laid before the Board, which, being read and duly considered, was agreed to be issued, and ordered to be published in the several newspapers of this Province, and a number of printed copies thereof made and dispersed through the Province and the lower counties on Delaware. The Proclamation follows in these words, viz:

By the Honourable JOHN PENN, Esquire, Governour and Commander-in-chief of the Province of PENNSYLVANIA, and Counties of NEW-CASTLE, KENT, and SUSSEX, on DELAWARE:


Whereas, in pursuance of certain Articles of Agreement made the tenth day of May, Anno Domini 1732, between Charles Lord Baltimore, Proprietor of the Province of Maryland, and the honourable the Proprietaries of the Province of Pennsylvania and Counties of New-Castle, Kent, and Sussex, on Delaware, and of the Decree of the Lord High Chancellor of England, bearing date the fifteenth day of March, Anno Domini 1750, for the specifick performance and execution of the said Articles; and also in pursuance of certain other Articles of Agreement made the fourth day of July, Anno Domini 1760, between the Right Honourable Frederick Lord Baltimore, son and heir of the said Charles Lord Baltimore, and the honourable the Proprietaries of the said Province and counties; and of one other Decree of the Lord High Chancellor of England, bearing date the sixth day of March, 1762, for the specifick performance of the said last mentioned Articles; the several lines mentioned and described in the said Articles, and thereby finally agreed upon and settled by the said parties to be and forever remain the boundaries and division lines between the said Provinces and Counties; have been run by Commissioners, for that purpose appointed and authorized by the said respective Proprietors, and marked out in exact conformity to the said Articles, with visible stones, pillars, and other land marks, as by the said Articles and Decrees, and the return of the said Commissioners, under their hands and seals, and an


exact plan or map of the lines, so as aforesaid by them run and marked may at large appear. And whereas, in the year 1767, a joint petition was referred to his present most gracious Majesty by the said Frederick Lord Baltimore, and the Proprietaries of the said Province and Counties, reciting the above mentioned Articles and Decrees, and setting forth that their Commissioners were then proceeding in the work; that they, the said Proprietors, were desirous, as much as in them lay, to quiet the minds of all his Majesty' s subjects inhabiting in the lately disputed parts of the said Provinces, and three Lower Counties, and to promote the peace and welfare of those parts. And in order to give a further testimony of their firm agreement, and that a final end and period had been put to all their contests and litigations by the said Agreement of 1760, they, by their said petition, most humbly prayed his Majesty that he would be most graciously pleased to give his royal allowance, ratification, and confirmation of the several and respective Articles of Agreement and enrolled Decrees above mentioned, and every article, clause, matter, and thing in them, and each of them contained, and that the same might be forever established between them. Whereupon his Majesty, by his Order in Council, dated the eleventh day of January, 1769, was pleased to signify his royal approbation of the said agreements and proceedings mentioned in the petition of the said Proprietaries. Whereof as well the Proprietaries of the said Provinces, as all others whom it might concern, were ordered to take notice and govern themselves accordingly, as by the said petition and royal order may more at large appear. I have, therefore thought fit, by the advice of the Council, to issue this my Proclamation, to publish and make known all and singular the premises to all whom it may concern, hereby requiring all persons dwelling and residing to the northward and eastward of the lines and boundaries so as aforesaid run and marked between the Provinces of Maryland and Pennsylvania, as far to the westward as the Province of Maryland extends, to yield obedience to the laws of the said Province and Counties, and govern themselves according thereto. And I do also require all Magistrates, Sheriffs, and other officers of justice appointed, or to be appointed, in the said Province and Counties, to put in execution the respective laws thereof, against all offenders within the lines and limits aforesaid, as they will answer the contrary at their peril.

Given under my hand and the great seal of the said Province of Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia, the fifteenth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy-four, and in the fourteenth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Third, by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, and so forth.


By his Honour' s command,

JOSEPH SHIPPEN, Jun˙, Secretary.

GOD save the King.

N˙ B˙ The Land Office is not yet open for taking up vacant lands in the Lower Counties, or receiving applications for the same. Whenever it is thought proper to open the office for that purpose, publick notice thereof will be given.