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Speech of the Chief Sachem of the Stockbridge Indians


Speech delivered by Captain SOLOMON UHHAUNAUWAUNMUT, the Chief Sachem of the MOHEAKUMNK Tribe of INDIANS residing in STOCKBRIDGE, on the l1th day of APRIL, 1775, after sitting near two days in Council, it being an Answer to a Message sent to them by the CONGRESS.

To the Honourable John Hancock, Esq˙, President of the Provincial Congress, now sitting at Concord — To be communicated.

BROTHERS: We have heard you speak by your Letter; we thank you for it; we now make answer.

Brothers: You remember when you first came over the great waters, I was great and you was little — very small. I then took you in for a friend, and kept you under my arms, so that no one might injure you; since that time we have ever been true friends; there never has been any quarrel between us. But now our conditions are changed; you are become great and tall; you reach up to the clouds; you are seen all round the world; and I am become small, very little; I am not so high as your heel. Now you take care of me, and I look to you for protection.

Brothers: I am sorry to hear of this great quarrel between you and Old England. It appears that blood must soon be shed to end this quarrel. We never till this day understood the foundation of this quarrel between you and the Country you came from.

Brothers: Whenever I see your blood running, you will soon find me about you to revenge my brothers' blood. Although I am low and very small, I will gripe hold of your enemy' s heel, that he cannot run so fast and so light, as if he had nothing at his heels.

Brothers: You know I am not so wise as you are, therefore I ask your advice in what I am now going to say. I am thinking before you come to action, to take a run to the Westward, and feel the minds of my Indian brothers, the


Six Nations, and know how they stand, whether they are on your side, or for your enemies. If I find they are against you, I will try to turn their minds. I think they will listen to me; for they have always looked this way for advice concerning all important news that comes from the rising of the sun. If they hearken to me you will not be afraid of any danger from behind you. However their minds are affected, you shall soon know by me. Now I think I can do you more service in this way, than by marching off immediately to Boston, and stay there (it may be) a great while before blood runs. Now, as I said you are wiser than I, I leave this for your consideration, whether I come down immediately, or wait till I hear some blood is spilled.

Brothers; I would not have you think by this that we are falling back from our engagements; we are ready to do any thing for your relief, and shall be guided by your counsel.

Brothers: One thing I ask of you if you send for me to fight, that you will let me fight in my own Indian way. I am not used to fight English fashion, therefore you must not expect I can train like your men. Only to point out to me where your enemies keep, and that is all I shall want to know.