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To the People of Pennsylvania



As too great a number of the members of this State are the avowed votaries of submission to higher powers on any terms, and as those weak people persuade themselves that the exercise of this Christian virtue, as they esteem it, would restore them again to tranquillity and happiness, I beg leave to make a few observations on the declaration which some of these peaceable men, and all the avowed abettors of unconditional subjugation, would hold out as the olive branch, which nothing but the most desperate madness can tempt us to refuse.

And first I would inquire, what is this constitutional Government, that our wicked Congress so obstinately oppose? Do not the King and his Ministers, and that by the authority of an act of Parliament declare, that .they, with the advice and consent of people with whom we have no more political connection than with the Siberians, have and ever had a right to make and execute laws for us in all cases whatsoever?

2. Does returning to our allegiance mean any thing less than the acknowledgment of this right in the King, his Ministers, and obsequious Parliament?

3. Does not the admission of this principle form a new Constitution, entirely subversive of the Constitution which even the people called Quakers have ever most strenuously endeavoured to support, and which alone can secure us the enjoyment of any thing, the privilege, nay, the unalienable right of having a free, a full, and unbiased representative voice in the body that makes our laws.

If any one can show me that a closure with R, and W˙ Howe' s proposal does not imply the above acknowledgment and resignation, I will allow myself to have been hitherto misguided; but if absolute power to make, revise, repeal, or confirm laws binding on us in all cases whatsoever, is to be acknowledged to reside in any body of men, in which the whole body of the American States have no more weight or influence than the crew of a vessel which might be stranded on a Maroon island, I know nothing of the true principles of the Constitution.