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Report by Captain Smith of his Examination of the Defences in the Highlands


Die Merewii, A˙ M˙, March 1, 1776.

The Congress met pursuant to adjournment.

Present: Brigadier-General Woodhull, President.

FOR NEW-YORK. — Mr˙ Roosevelt, Colonel Lott, Major Stoutenburgh, Captain Rutgers, Mr˙ Prime, Mr˙ Hallett, Mr˙ Van Zandt, Mr˙ Scott, Mr˙ Denning.
FOR ALBANY. — Mr˙ A˙ Yates, Mr˙ Gansevoort, General Ten Broeck.
FOR SUFFOLK. — General Woodhull, Mr˙ Gelston, Mr˙ Hobart.
FOR ULSTER. — Mr˙ Rhea, Mr˙ Lefever, Colonel Palmer, (on service.)
FOR DUTCHESS. — Col˙ P˙ Ten Broeck, Major R˙ G˙ Livingston, Mr˙ Gilbert Livingston, Major Schenck.
FOR WESTCHESTER. — Mr˙ Ward, Colonel Joseph Drake, Dr˙ Graham.
FOR ORANGE. — Colonel Hay, Colonel Allison,
FOR KING' S. — Mr˙ Vanderbilt, Mr˙ Leffertse.
FOR RICHMOND. — Mr˙ Adrian Bancker.
FOR TRYON. — Mr˙ Moore.
FOR CHARLOTTE. — Colonel John Williams.
FOR CUMBERLAND. — Colonel William Williams.

Captain Smith, the Engineer, came to Congress, and was admitted. He reported that, by order of General Lee, he had been up to the Highlands, and surveyed the ground at Pooplopen' s Kill. That the ground is staked out. That he will send a draft of the fortification intended to be erected to the Commissioners, as soon as possible. That he thinks the fort may be built at an easy expense, as wood and fascines are handy; as to embrasures, and the number of cannon requisite, he would send up a draft for that purpose. That a fort is laid out about five hundred yards to the eastward of Fort Constitution, on a commanding situation, commanding the passage up and down the river, and scours the West-Point. Between that and the line which is now laid out at Constitution Fort, is a very commanding height, on which ought to be placed a Redoubt, to prevent the works


being enfiladed. To the southward, at the distance of about seventeen hundred yards, is laid out a fort on a very commanding height, which will command the northern and western passage, of which drafts will be sent up. These forts are recommended to be built of sods and fascines, which nature has plentifully supplied at Pooplopen' s Kill. At Fort Constitution is a salt-marsh meadow, which will supply sods necessary to build forts at that spot. That these works may be erected without Masons or Carpenters, the platforms excepted.