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Report of the Committee of Conference with the General


The Congress then resumed the consideration of the General' s Letter, and the Report of the Committee of Conference who went to Cambridge.

Resolved, That it be an instruction to the Committee appointed to contract for supplying the Prisoners, that Mr˙ Franks, of this City, be permitted to supply the Troops, now Prisoners in this Colony, with Provisions and other necessaries, at the expense of the Crown, and to sell his bills for such sums of money as are necessary for that purpose; and that the Committee confer with Mr˙ Franks, and know of him whether he will also undertake, on the same terms, to supply the Prisoners in the other Colonies.

Resolved, That the Regiment of Artillery consist of one Colonel, two Lieutenant-Colonels, two Majors, and twelve Companies.

That the President inform the General that two gentlemen, namely, Thomas Crafts, Jun˙, and George Trott, Esqrs˙, have been recommended to Congress as proper persons for Field-Officers in said Regiment, and that the General inquire into their characters and abilities; and if, upon inquiry, he shall judge them proper, and that the appointment of them will occasion no disturbance or disgust in the Regiment, that he appoint them, and acquaint Congress thereof.

The Congress resumed the consideration of the Report of the Committee of Conference, and thereupon came to the following Resolutions:

Resolved, That it be recommended to the Assembly or General Court of the Colony of Massachusetts-Bay, to use all the means in their power, that the Army before Boston be supplied with Wood and Hay, on the most reasonable terms.

Resolved, That in the new establishment of the Army the General Officers be not allowed Regiments, nor the Field-Officers Companies.

Resolved, That all persons taken in arms on board any prize be deemed prisoners, at the disposal of the General,


whether prizes be taken by vessels fitted out in the pay of the Continent or by others.

Resolved, That such as are taken be treated as prisoners of war, but with humanity, and be allowed the same rations as the troops in the service of the Continent; that the officers, being in pay, should supply themselves with clothes, their bills to be taken therefore that the soldiers be furnished as they now are.

Resolved, That as the number of men in the new Army in Massachusetts-Bay is calculated to oppose the Army at Boston, it is not expected that the General should detach any part of it to New-York or elsewhere, unless it appear to him necessary so to do, for the common safety.

Resolved, That the Troops in the new Army be paid monthly.

Resolved, That an exchange of Prisoners will be proper, citizens for citizens, officers for officers of equal rank, and soldier for soldier.

Resolved, That Ensign Morland be detained in the place where he now is, until exchanged.

Resolved, That this Congress approve the terms on which the artificers of different sorts have been employed in the Army; and that the General go on upon the present agreement, as being the best that can probably be made.

Resolved, That the General be directed to pick out from each of the Rifle Companies such as are not marksmen, and dismiss them in such manner as will be safest, with an allowance of pay to go home, if they do not choose to enlist into other Battalions, and, in the mean time, that all receive their pay.

Resolved, That what Artillery of different kinds can be spared from New-York and Crown Point, be procured and forwarded to the Army before Boston.

Resolved, That the Committee of Correspondence be directed to use their endeavours to find out and engage in the service of the United Colonies, skilful Engineers, not exceeding four, on the best terms they can; and that the said Committee be authorized to assure such able and skilful Engineers as will engage in this service, that they shall receive such pay and appointments as shall be equal to what they have received in any former service.

Resolved, That the Indians of St˙ Fran├žois, Penobscot, Stockbridge, and St˙ John' s, and other Tribes, may be called on in case of real necessity, and that the giving them presents is both suitable and proper.

Resolved, That it be referred to a Committee of three members to devise the best mode of having expresses (persons of character) posted along the roads at different distances, for the purpose of conveying early and frequent intelligence.

The members chosen: Dr˙ Franklin, Mr˙ Lewis, and Mr˙ Deane.

Resolved, That as much Lead as can be spared from the Northern Department, and is wanted at Cambridge, be sent down from Ticonderoga to Cambridge; and that other supplies of Lead and Flints be attended to.

Resolved, That the Congress approve the General' s fitting out Armed Vessels to intercept the enemy' s supplies.

Resolved, That when the Army receive such supplies of Powder as to be enabled to spare some to the country, that it be sold to them at a reasonable price.

Resolved, That the Secret Committee be directed to inquire what articles are necessary for the use of the Army, and how they may be procured, and make report to Congress.

Ordered, That the Resolutions passed on the General' s Letters, and on the Report of the Committee of Conference, and such other Resolutions as relate to the establishment of the new Army, not already forwarded, be sent by express to the General.

The Congress being informed that Mr˙ Ethan Allen, who was taken prisoner near Montreal, is confined in irons on board a vessel in the River St˙ Lawrence,

Ordered, That General Washington be directed to apply to General Howe on this matter, and desire he may be exchanged.

The several matters to this day referred being postponed,

Adjourned to ten o' clock, on Monday next.