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House in Committee on the Bill

Governor Johnstone' s Objections to the Bill


The House again went into Committee of the Whole, upon the Bill.

Governor Johnstone, after stating his objections to the principle of the Bill, and to the extension of Canada,


which another member informed the House, was no less than 11,400,000 acres more than as claimed by France,) read a list of propositions, which, he said, appeared to him, to be contained in the Bill, amongst which were —

That a state of Slavery is better than a state of Freedom:

That the Popish Religion is better than the Protestant:

That Juries are unnecessary, and therefore to be disused:

That Monopolies are useful to Trade:

That French Laws and Commercial Regulations are preferable to English:

And that the Constitution which our ancestors had framed with so much wisdom, and established at the expense of so much blood and treasure; is to be destroyed by their wiser sons.

Mr. E. Burke

Mr˙ E˙ Burke spoke against the Bill; but confined himself to the point of ascertaining the limits of New York; and proposed the following to be the boundaries of Canada, against that Province, viz: by a line drawn from a point on the East side of Lake Champlain, in 45 degrees North latitude, and by a line drawn in that parallel West to the river St˙ Lawrence, and up that river to Lake Ontario, and across that lake to the river Niagara, and from Niagara across Lake Erie, to the Northwest point of the boundary of Pennsylvania, and down the West boundary of that Province, by a line drawn from thence till it strike the Ohio. After some debate this passed. The limits of Quebec were next carried along the Ohio to the Mississippi. Governor Johnstone spoke against the annexing the Illinois to Canada. There was another debate on annexing the coast of Labrador to Quebec. The objection was begun by Sir C˙ Saunders, who deduced from it the loss of the fishery to the Americans. Lord North gave an account of the sea cow and seal fishery on the Labrador coast, and shewed, that from the sedentary nature of it, it could not be conducted upon the same principles as the Newfoundland fishery.

More Consideration Tomorrow

Upon this clause the House divided: Yeas, 88; Nays, 49.

The Committee then reported progress; and it was,

Resolved, That this House will, to-morrow morning, resolve itself into a Committee of the whole House, to consider further of the said Bill.